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2021

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Events

  • 063 BCCicero gives the fourth and final of the Catiline Orations.
  • 0633Fourth Council of Toledo takes place.
  • 1082Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona is assassinated.
  • 1408 – Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow.
  • 1484Pope Innocent VIII issues the Summis desiderantes affectibus, a papal bull that deputizes Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger as inquisitors to root out alleged witchcraft in Germany.
  • 1492Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to set foot on the island of Hispaniola (now Haiti and the Dominican Republic).
  • 1496 – King Manuel I of Portugal issues a decree ordering the expulsion of Jewish "heretics" from the country.
  • 1560Charles IX becomes king of France.
  • 1757Seven Years' War: Battle of Leuthen: Frederick II of Prussia leads Prussian forces to a decisive victory over Austrian forces under Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine.
  • 1766 – In London, auctioneer James Christie holds his first sale.
  • 1775 – At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1776Phi Beta Kappa, the oldest academic honor society in the U.S., holds its first meeting at the College of William & Mary.[1]
  • 1831 – Former U.S. President John Quincy Adams takes his seat in the House of Representatives.
  • 1847Jefferson Davis is elected to the U.S. Senate.
  • 1848California Gold Rush: In a message to the United States Congress, U.S. President James K. Polk confirms that large amounts of gold had been discovered in California.
  • 1865Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
  • 1931Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow was destroyed on orders from Joseph Stalin.
  • 1933 – The Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.
  • 1934Abyssinia Crisis: Italian troops attack Wal Wal in Abyssinia, taking four days to capture the city.
  • 1935Mary McLeod Bethune founds the National Council of Negro Women in New York City.
  • 1936 – The Soviet Union adopts a new constitution and the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic is established as a full Union Republic of the USSR.
  • 1941World War II: In the Battle of Moscow, Georgy Zhukov launches a massive Soviet counter-attack against the German army.
  • 1941 – World War II: Great Britain declares war on Finland, Hungary and Romania.
  • 1943 – World War II: Allied air forces begin attacking Germany's secret weapons bases in Operation Crossbow.
  • 1945 – World War II: Flight 19, a group of TBF Avengers, disappears in the Bermuda Triangle, in one of the most famous aviation mysteries in history.
  • 1952 – Beginning of the Great Smog in London. A cold fog combines with air pollution and brings the city to a standstill for four days. Later, a Ministry of Health report estimates 4,000 fatalities as a result of it.[2]
  • 1955 – The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merge and form the AFL–CIO.
  • 1955 – E. D. Nixon and Rosa Parks lead the Montgomery bus boycott.
  • 1958Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the United Kingdom by Queen Elizabeth II when she speaks to the Lord Provost in a call from Bristol to Edinburgh.
  • 1958 – The Preston By-pass, the UK's first stretch of motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. (It is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.)
  • 1964Vietnam War: For his heroism in battle earlier in the year, Captain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor of the war.
  • 1964 – Lloyd J. Old discovered the first linkage between the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and disease—mouse leukemia—opening the way for the recognition of the importance of the MHC in the immune response.
  • 1966 – The musical I Do! I Do!, starring Mary Martin and Robert Preston opens at the 46th Street Theatre, in New York City, and closes on June 15, 1968, after 560 performances.[3]
  • 1971Battle of Gazipur: Pakistani forces stand defeated as India cedes Gazipur to Bangladesh.
  • 1977Egypt breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq and South Yemen. The move is in retaliation for the Declaration of Tripoli against Egypt.
  • 1983 – Dissolution of the Military Junta in Argentina.
  • 1991Leonid Kravchuk is elected the first president of Ukraine.
  • 1995Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lanka's government announces the conquest of the Tamil stronghold of Jaffna.
  • 2004 – The Civil Partnership Act comes into effect in the United Kingdom, and the first civil partnership is registered there.
  • 2005 – The 6.8 Template:M Lake Tanganyika earthquake shakes the eastern provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme), killing six people.
  • 2006 – Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrows the government in Fiji.
  • 2007Westroads Mall shooting: Nineteen-year-old Robert A. Hawkins kills eight people, including himself, with a WASR-10 at a Von Maur department store in Omaha, Nebraska.[4]
  • 2013 – Militants attack a Defense Ministry compound in Sana'a, Yemen, killing at least 56 people and injuring 200 others.
  • 2014Exploration Flight Test 1, the first flight test of Orion is launched.
  • 2017 – The International Olympic Committee bans Russia from competing at the 2018 Winter Olympics for doping at the 2014 Winter Olympics.

Births

  • 0852Zhu Wen, Chinese emperor (d. 912)
  • 1377Jianwen Emperor of China (d. 1402)
  • 1389Zbigniew Oleśnicki, Polish cardinal and statesman (d. 1455)
  • 1443Pope Julius II (d. 1513)
  • 1470Willibald Pirckheimer, German lawyer and author (d. 1530)
  • 1495Nicolas Cleynaerts, Flemish philologist and lexicographer (d. 1542)
  • 1537Ashikaga Yoshiaki, Japanese shōgun (d. 1597)
  • 1539Fausto Sozzini, Italian theologian and author (d. 1604)
  • 1547Ubbo Emmius, Dutch historian and geographer (d. 1625)
  • 1556Anne Cecil, Countess of Oxford, English countess (d. 1588)
  • 1595Henry Lawes, English composer (d. 1662)
  • 1661Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for the Northern Department (d. 1724)
  • 1666Francesco Scarlatti, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1741)
  • 1687Francesco Geminiani, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1762)
  • 1697Giuseppe de Majo, Italian organist and composer (d. 1771)
  • 1782Martin Van Buren, American lawyer and politician, 8th President of the United States (d. 1862)
  • 1784George Shepherd, English illustrator and painter (d. 1862)
  • 1803Fyodor Tyutchev, Russian poet and diplomat (d. 1873)
  • 1820Afanasy Fet, Russian poet and author (d. 1892)
  • 1822Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American philosopher and academic, co-founded Radcliffe College (d. 1907)
  • 1829Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French-Canadian lawyer and politician, 4th Premier of Quebec (d. 1908)
  • 1830Christina Rossetti, English poet and author (d. 1894)
  • 1839George Armstrong Custer, American general (d. 1876)
  • 1841Marcus Daly, Irish-American businessman (d. 1900)
  • 1849Eduard Seler, German anthropologist, ethnohistorian, linguist, and academic (d. 1922)
  • 1855Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist, ornithologist, entomologist, and ethnographer (d. 1942)
  • 1859John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, English admiral and politician, 2nd Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1935)
  • 1861Konstantin Korovin, Russian-French painter and set designer (d. 1939)
  • 1862John Henry Leech, English entomologist (d. 1900)
  • 1863Paul Painlevé, French mathematician and politician, 84th Prime Minister of France (d. 1933)
  • 1866John Beresford, Irish polo player (d. 1944)
  • 1866 – Traian Demetrescu, Romanian poet and author (d. 1896)
  • 1867Antti Aarne, Finnish author and academic (d. 1925)
  • 1867 – Józef Piłsudski, Polish field marshal and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Poland (d. 1935)
  • 1868Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist and academic (d. 1951)
  • 1869Ellis Parker Butler, American author and poet (d. 1937)
  • 1870Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer and educator (d. 1949)
  • 1872Harry Nelson Pillsbury, American chess player (d. 1906)
  • 1875Arthur Currie, Canadian general (d. 1933)
  • 1879Clyde Vernon Cessna, American pilot and businessman, founded the Cessna Aircraft Corporation (d. 1954)
  • 1881René Cresté, French actor and director (d. 1922)
  • 1886Rose Wilder Lane, American journalist and author (d. 1968)
  • 1886 – Pieter Oud, Dutch historian, academic, and politician, Minister of Finance of the Netherlands (d. 1968)
  • 1886 – Nikolai Uglanov, Soviet politician (d. 1937)
  • 1890David Bomberg, English painter, illustrator, and academic (d. 1957)
  • 1890 – Fritz Lang, Austrian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1976)
  • 1891Paul Kogerman, Estonian chemist and academic (d. 1951)
  • 1894Charles Robberts Swart, South African lawyer and politician, 1st State President of South Africa (d. 1982)
  • 1895Elbert Frank Cox, American mathematician and academic (d. 1969)
  • 1896Ann Nolan Clark, American historian, author, and educator (d. 1995)
  • 1896 – Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American biochemist and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1897Nunnally Johnson, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Gershom Scholem, German-Israeli philosopher and historian (d. 1982)
  • 1898Josh Malihabadi, Indian-Pakistani poet and translator (d. 1982)
  • 1898 – Grace Moore, American soprano and actress (d. 1947)
  • 1900Jimmy Dimmock, English footballer (d. 1972)
  • 1901Walt Disney, American animator, director, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded The Walt Disney Company (d. 1966)
  • 1901 – Milton H. Erickson, American psychiatrist and author (d. 1980)
  • 1901 – Werner Heisenberg, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1902Emeric Pressburger, Hungarian-English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1902 – Strom Thurmond, American educator, general, and politician, 103rd Governor of South Carolina (d. 2003)
  • 1903Johannes Heesters, Dutch-German actor and singer (d. 2011)
  • 1903 – C. F. Powell, English-Italian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1969)
  • 1905Gus Mancuso, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster (d. 1984)
  • 1905 – Otto Preminger, Austrian-American actor, director, and producer (d. 1986)
  • 1905 – Francisco Javier Arana, Guatemalan Army colonel and briefly Guatemalan head of state (d.1949)
  • 1907Lin Biao, Chinese general and politician, 2nd Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China (d. 1971)
  • 1907 – Giuseppe Occhialini, Italian-French physicist and academic (d. 1993)
  • 1910Abraham Polonsky, American director and screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1911Władysław Szpilman, Polish pianist and composer (d. 2000)
  • 1912Sonny Boy Williamson II, American singer-songwriter and harmonica player (d. 1965)
  • 1912 – Kate Simon, American travel writer (d. 1990)
  • 1913Esther Borja, Cuban soprano and actress (d. 2013)
  • 1914Hans Hellmut Kirst, German lieutenant and author (d. 1989)
  • 1916Hilary Koprowski, Polish-American virologist and immunologist, created the world's first effective live polio vaccine (d. 2013)
  • 1916 – Walt McPherson, American basketball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1917Ken Downing, English race car driver (d. 2004)
  • 1918Charity Adams Earley, Black American Army officer (d. 2002)
  • 1919Alun Gwynne Jones, Baron Chalfont, English historian and politician (d. 2020)
  • 1921Alvy Moore, American actor and producer (d. 1997)
  • 1922Casey Ribicoff, American philanthropist (d. 2011)
  • 1922 – Don Robertson, American songwriter and pianist (d. 2015)
  • 1924Robert Sobukwe, South African banker and politician (d. 1978)
  • 1925Anastasio Somoza Debayle, Nicaraguan politician, 73rd President of Nicaragua (d. 1980)
  • 1926Adetowun Ogunsheye, first female Nigerian professor and university dean[5]
  • 1927Bhumibol Adulyadej, Thai king (d. 2016)
  • 1927 – W.D. Amaradeva, Sri Lankan musician and composer (d. 2016)
  • 1929Madis Kõiv, Estonian physicist, philosopher, and author (d. 2014)
  • 1930Yi-Fu Tuan, Chinese-American geographer
  • 1931Ladislav Novák, Czech footballer and manager (d. 2011)
  • 1932Alf Dubs, Baron Dubs, British politician
  • 1932 – Sheldon Lee Glashow, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 – Jim Hurtubise, American race car driver (d. 1989)
  • 1932 – Little Richard, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 2020)
  • 1932 – Nadira, Indian actress (d. 2006)
  • 1933Gennadiy Agapov, Russian race walker (d. 1999)
  • 1933 – Harry Holgate, Australian politician, 36th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1997)
  • 1934Joan Didion, American novelist and screenwriter
  • 1935Calvin Trillin, American novelist, humorist, and journalist
  • 1935 – Yury Vlasov, Ukrainian-Russian weightlifter and politician
  • 1936James Lee Burke, American journalist, author, and academic
  • 1938J. J. Cale, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1940Tony Crafter, Australian cricket umpire
  • 1940 – Boris Ignatyev, Russian footballer and manager
  • 1940 – Peter Pohl, Swedish author, director, and screenwriter
  • 1940 – Frank Wilson, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1942Bryan Murray, Canadian ice hockey coach (d. 2017)
  • 1943Eva Joly, Norwegian-French judge and politician
  • 1943 – Andrew Yeom Soo-jung, South Korean cardinal
  • 1944Jeroen Krabbé, Dutch actor, director, and producer
  • 1945Serge Chapleau, Canadian cartoonist
  • 1945 – Moshe Katsav, Iranian-Israeli educator and politician, 8th President of Israel
  • 1946José Carreras, Spanish tenor and actor
  • 1946 – Andy Kim, Canadian pop singer-songwriter
  • 1946 – Sarel van der Merwe, South African race car driver
  • 1947Rudy Fernandez, Filipino triathlete
  • 1947 – Bruce Golding, Jamaican lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Jamaica
  • 1947 – Tony Gregory, Irish activist and politician (d. 2009)
  • 1947 – Jim Messina, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1947 – Jim Plunkett, American football player and radio host
  • 1947 – Kim Simmonds, Welsh blues-rock singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1947 – Don Touhig, Welsh journalist and politician
  • 1948Denise Drysdale, Australian television host and actress
  • 1949John Altman, English composer and conductor
  • 1949 – David Manning, English civil servant and diplomat, British Ambassador to the United States
  • 1951Link Byfield, Canadian journalist and author (d. 2015)
  • 1951 – Anne-Mie van Kerckhoven, Belgian painter and illustrator
  • 1952Eva Dillner, Swedish author
  • 1953Gwen Lister, South African-Namibian journalist, publisher, and activist
  • 1954Hanif Kureishi, English author and playwright
  • 1954 – Gary Roenicke, American baseball player and scout
  • 1955Miyuki Kawanaka, Japanese singer
  • 1955 – Juha Tiainen, Finnish hammer thrower (d. 2003)
  • 1956Klaus Allofs, German footballer and manager
  • 1956 – Adam Thorpe, French-English author, poet, and playwright
  • 1956 – Krystian Zimerman, Polish virtuoso pianist
  • 1957Raquel Argandoña, Chilean model, actress, and politician
  • 1959Lee Chapman, English footballer
  • 1959 – Oleksandr Yaroslavsky, Ukrainian businessman
  • 1960Frans Adelaar, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Osvaldo Golijov, Argentinian-American composer and educator
  • 1960 – Jack Russell, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1960 – Matthew Taylor, English businessman and politician
  • 1961Ralf Dujmovits, German mountaineer
  • 1961 – Laura Flanders, British journalist
  • 1962José Cura, Argentinian tenor, conductor, and director
  • 1962 – Pablo Morales, American swimmer and coach
  • 1962 – Nivek Ogre, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1962 – Fred Rutten, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1963Doctor Dré, American television and radio host
  • 1963 – Carrie Hamilton, American actress and playwright (d. 2002)
  • 1963 – Alberto Nisman, Argentinian lawyer (d. 2015)
  • 1963 – Michael “Eddie the Eagle” Edwards, British Olympic ski jumper
  • 1964Martin Vinnicombe, Australian cyclist
  • 1965Manish Malhotra, Indian fashion designer
  • 1965 – John Rzeznik, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1965 – Wayne Smith, Jamaican rapper (d. 2014)
  • 1965 – Valeriy Spitsyn, Russian race walker
  • 1967Gary Allan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968Margaret Cho, American comedian, actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Lisa Marie, American model and actress
  • 1968 – Lydia Millet, American novelist
  • 1968 – Falilat Ogunkoya, Nigerian sprinter
  • 1968 – Dynamite Kid, English wrestler (d. 2018)
  • 1969Eric Etebari, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1969 – Morgan J. Freeman, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Sajid Javid, British Pakistani banker and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer
  • 1969 – Lewis Pugh, English swimmer and lawyer
  • 1969 – Ramón Ramírez, Mexican footballer
  • 1970Kevin Haller, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Michel'le, American singer-songwriter
  • 1971Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg, German businessman and politician, German Federal Minister of Defence
  • 1971 – Ashia Hansen, American-English triple jumper
  • 1971 – Gabriel Hjertstedt, Swedish golfer
  • 1972Cliff Floyd, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Mike Mahoney, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Duane Ross, American hurdler and coach
  • 1973Argo Arbeiter, Estonian footballer
  • 1973 – Andrei Krasnopjorov, Estonian footballer
  • 1973 – Mikelangelo Loconte, Italian singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1973 – Luboš Motl, Czech physicist and academic
  • 1973 – Shalom Harlow, Canadian model
  • 1974Charlie Batch, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Ravish Kumar, Indian journalist and author
  • 1974 – Brian Lewis, American sprinter
  • 1975Ronnie O'Sullivan, English snooker player and radio host
  • 1975 – Paula Patton, American actress
  • 1976Amy Acker, American actress
  • 1976 – Xavier Garbajosa, French rugby player
  • 1976 – Sachiko Kokubu, Japanese actress and model
  • 1976 – Rachel Komisarz, American swimmer and coach
  • 1977Peter van der Vlag, Dutch footballer
  • 1978Neil Druckmann, American video game designer and author
  • 1978 – Olli Jokinen, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Marcelo Zalayeta, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1979Matteo Ferrari, Italian footballer
  • 1979 – Niklas Hagman, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Gareth McAuley, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Nick Stahl, American actor and producer
  • 1980Ibrahim Maalouf, Lebanese-French trumpet player and composer
  • 1980 – Jessica Paré, Canadian actress
  • 1982Eddy Curry, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Trai Essex, American football player
  • 1982 – Keri Hilson, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1983Cooper Cronk, Australian rugby league player
  • 1985Shikhar Dhawan, Indian cricketer
  • 1985 – Frankie Muniz, American actor, drummer, and race car driver
  • 1985 – Nico Verdonck, Belgian race car driver
  • 1985 – Danny Wicks, Australian rugby league player
  • 1986LeGarrette Blount, American football player
  • 1986 – James Hinchcliffe, Canadian race car driver
  • 1986 – Justin Smoak, American baseball player
  • 1987Tommy Fraser, English footballer
  • 1988Joanna Rowsell, English cyclist
  • 1989Jurrell Casey, American football player [6]
  • 1990Montee Ball, American football player
  • 1991Jacopo Sala, Italian footballer
  • 1992Ilja Antonov, Estonian footballer
  • 1992 – Natalie Sourisseau, Canadian field hockey player[7]
  • 1993Ross Barkley, English footballer
  • 1994Ondrej Duda, Slovak footballer
  • 1994 – Grant Ward, English footballer
  • 1995Danny Levi, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1995 – Anthony Martial, French footballer
  • 1995 – Kaetlyn Osmond, Canadian figure skater

Deaths

  • 063 BCPublius Cornelius Lentulus Sura, Roman politician (b. 114 BC)
  • 0334Li Ban, emperor of Cheng Han (b. 288)
  • 0902Ealhswith, queen consort and wife of Alfred the Great, King of Wessex
  • 1082Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona (b. 1053)
  • 1212Dirk van Are, bishop and lord of Utrecht
  • 1244Joan, Countess of Flanders and Hainault(b. 1199 or 1200)
  • 1355John III, Duke of Brabant (b. 1300)
  • 1560Francis II of France (b. 1544)
  • 1570Johan Friis, Danish politician (b. 1494)
  • 1624Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist and physician (b. 1560)
  • 1654Jean François Sarrazin, French author and poet (b. 1611)
  • 1663Severo Bonini, Italian organist and composer (b. 1582)
  • 1749Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye, Canadian commander and explorer (b. 1685)
  • 1758Johann Friedrich Fasch, German violinist and composer (b. 1688)
  • 1770James Stirling, Scottish mathematician and surveyor (b. 1692)
  • 1784Phillis Wheatley, Senegal-born slave, later American poet (b. 1753)
  • 1791Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer and musician (b. 1756)
  • 1819Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg-Stolberg, German poet and lawyer (b. 1750)
  • 1870Alexandre Dumas, French novelist and playwright (b. 1802)
  • 1887Eliza R. Snow, American poet and songwriter (b. 1804)
  • 1891Pedro II of Brazil (b. 1825)
  • 1917Jean Sandberg(b.1952)
  • 1918Schalk Willem Burger, South African commander, lawyer, and politician, 6th President of the South African Republic (b. 1852)
  • 1925Władysław Reymont, Polish novelist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1926Claude Monet, French painter (b. 1840)
  • 1931Vachel Lindsay, American poet (b. 1879)
  • 1940Jan Kubelík, Czech violinist and composer (b. 1880)
  • 1941Amrita Sher-Gil, Hungarian-Pakistani painter (b. 1913)
  • 1942Jock Delves Broughton, English captain (b. 1883)
  • 1946Louis Dewis, Belgian-French painter and educator (b. 1872)
  • 1951Shoeless Joe Jackson, American baseball player and manager (b. 1887)
  • 1951 – Abanindranath Tagore, Indian painter, author, and academic (b. 1871)
  • 1953William Sterling Parsons, American admiral (b. 1901)
  • 1955Glenn L. Martin, American pilot and businessman, founded the Glenn L. Martin Company (b. 1886)
  • 1961Emil Fuchs, German-American lawyer and businessman (b. 1878)
  • 1963Karl Amadeus Hartmann, German composer and educator (b. 1905)
  • 1963 – Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1892)
  • 1964V. Veerasingam, Sri Lankan educator and politician (b. 1892)
  • 1965Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist, neuroscientist, and academic Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1968Fred Clark, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1969Claude Dornier, German engineer and businessman, founded Dornier Flugzeugwerke (b. 1884)
  • 1969 – Princess Alice of Battenberg (b. 1885)
  • 1973Robert Watson-Watt, Scottish engineer, invented the radar (b. 1892)
  • 1975Constance McLaughlin Green, American historian and author (b. 1897)
  • 1977Katherine Milhous, American author and illustrator (b. 1894)
  • 1977 – Aleksandr Vasilevsky, Russian marshal and politician, Minister of Defence for the Soviet Union (b. 1895)
  • 1979Jesse Pearson, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 1983Robert Aldrich, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1918)
  • 1984Cecil M. Harden, American politician (b. 1894)
  • 1986Edward Youde, Welsh-Chinese sinologist and diplomat, 26th Governor of Hong Kong (b. 1924)
  • 1989John Pritchard, English conductor and director (b. 1921)
  • 1990Alfonso A. Ossorio, Filipino-American painter and sculptor (b. 1916)
  • 1994Harry Horner, Czech-American director, producer, and production designer (b. 1910)
  • 1995L. B. Cole, American illustrator and publisher (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – Charles Evans, English mountaineer, surgeon, and educator (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – Gwen Harwood, Australian poet and playwright (b. 1920)
  • 1995 – Clair Cameron Patterson, American scientist (b. 1922)
  • 1997Eugen Cicero, Romanian-German jazz pianist (b. 1940)
  • 1998Albert Gore, Sr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1907)
  • 2001Franco Rasetti, Italian-American physicist and academic (b. 1901)
  • 2002Roone Arledge, American sportscaster and producer (b. 1931)
  • 2002 – Ne Win, Burmese general and politician, 4th President of Burma (b. 1911)
  • 2005Edward L. Masry, American lawyer and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2006David Bronstein, Ukrainian-Belarusian chess player and theoretician (b. 1924)
  • 2007Andrew Imbrie, American composer and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – George Paraskevaides, Greek-Cypriot businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Joannou & Paraskevaides (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Karlheinz Stockhausen, German composer and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2008Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow (b. 1929)
  • 2008 – George Brecht, American chemist and composer (b. 1926)
  • 2008 – Nina Foch, Dutch-American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2008 – Beverly Garland, American actress and businesswoman (b. 1926)
  • 2008 – Anca Parghel, Romanian singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1957)
  • 2009William Lederer, American soldier and author (b. 1912)
  • 2010Alan Armer, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2010 – Don Meredith, American football player, sportscaster, and actor (b. 1938)
  • 2011Peter Gethin, English race car driver (b. 1940)
  • 2011 – Gennady Logofet, Russian footballer and manager (b. 1942)
  • 2012Dave Brubeck, American pianist and composer (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Elisabeth Murdoch, Australian philanthropist (b. 1909)
  • 2012 – Oscar Niemeyer, Brazilian architect, designed the United Nations Headquarters and Cathedral of Brasília (b. 1907)
  • 2012 – Ignatius IV of Antioch, Syrian patriarch (b. 1920)
  • 2013Fred Bassetti, American architect and academic, founded Bassetti Architects (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – William B. Edmondson, American lawyer and diplomat, United States Ambassador to South Africa (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Nelson Mandela, South African lawyer and politician, 1st President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2014Ernest C. Brace, American captain and pilot (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Fabiola, Queen of Belgium (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Talât Sait Halman, Turkish poet, translator, and historian (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Jackie Healy-Rae, Irish hurdler and politician (b. 1931)[8]
  • 2014 – Silvio Zavala, Mexican historian and author (b. 1909)
  • 2015Vic Eliason, American clergyman and radio host, founded VCY America (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Tibor Rubin, Hungarian-American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Chuck Williams, American businessman and author, founded Williams Sonoma (b. 1915)
  • 2016Jayalalithaa, Indian politician, chief minister of Tamil Nadu (b. 1948)
  • 2017Michael I of Romania, fifth and last king of Romania (b. 1921)
  • 2017 – August Ames, Canadian American pornographic actress (b. 1994)
  • 2018Dynamite Kid, English wrestler (b. 1968)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abercius
    • Clement of Alexandria (Episcopal Church)
    • Crispina
    • Dalmatius of Pavia
    • Gerbold
    • Justinian of Ramsey Island
    • Nicetius (Nizier)
    • Pelinus of Brindisi
    • Sabbas the Sanctified
    • December 5 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Children's Day (Suriname)
  • Day of Military Honour - Battle of Moscow (Russia)
  • Discovery Day (Haiti and Dominican Republic)
  • International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development
  • Klozum (Schiermonnikoog, Netherlands)
  • Saint Nicholas' Eve (Belgium, Czech Republic, Slovakia, the Netherlands, Hungary, Romania, Germany, Poland and the UK)
  • The King Bhumibol Adulyadej Memorial Birthday (Thailand)
  • World Soil Day

References

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  3. I do! I do! – Original Broadway cast recording 1966
  4. Details of Omaha Shooting Emerge[1]
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External links

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