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[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".December 4 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 27 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 0771Austrasian king Carloman I dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne king of the now complete Frankish Kingdom.
  • 1110 – The Kingdom of Jerusalem captures Sidon.
  • 1259 – Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.
  • 1563 – The final session of the Council of Trent is held. (It had opened on December 13, 1545.)
  • 1619 – Thirty-eight colonists arrive at Berkeley Hundred, Virginia. The group's charter proclaims that the day "be yearly and perpetually kept holy as a day of thanksgiving to Almighty God."
  • 1676 – The Danish army under the command of King Christian V engages the Swedish army commanded by the Swedish king Charles XI at the Battle of Lund, to this day it is counted as the bloodiest battle in Scandinavian history and a turning point in the Scanian War.
  • 1745Charles Edward Stuart's army reaches Derby, its furthest point during the Second Jacobite Rising.
  • 1783 – At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, U.S. General George Washington bids farewell to his officers.
  • 1786Mission Santa Barbara is dedicated (on the feast day of Saint Barbara).
  • 1791 – The first edition of The Observer, the world's first Sunday newspaper, is published.
  • 1829 – In the face of fierce local opposition, British Governor-General Lord William Bentinck issues a regulation declaring that anyone who abets suttee in Bengal is guilty of culpable homicide.
  • 1861 – The 109 Electors of the several states of the Confederate States of America unanimously elect Jefferson Davis as President and Alexander H. Stephens as Vice President.
  • 1864American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea: At Waynesboro, Georgia, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick prevent troops led by Confederate General Joseph Wheeler from interfering with Union General William T. Sherman's campaign destroying a wide swath of the South on his march to the Atlantic Ocean from Atlanta.
  • 1865North Carolina ratifies 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, followed soon by Georgia, and U.S. slaves were legally free within two weeks.
  • 1867 – Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange).
  • 1872 – The crewless American brigantine Template:Ship, drifting in the Atlantic, is discovered by the Canadian brig Dei Gratia. The ship has been abandoned for nine days but is only slightly damaged. Her master Benjamin Briggs and all nine others known to have been on board are never accounted for.[1]
  • 1875 – Notorious New York City politician Boss Tweed escapes from prison; he is later recaptured in Spain.
  • 1881 – The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published.
  • 1893First Matabele War: A patrol of 34 British South Africa Company soldiers is ambushed and annihilated by more than 3,000 Matabele warriors on the Shangani River in Matabeleland.
  • 1906Alpha Phi Alpha the first black intercollegiate Greek lettered fraternity was founded at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
  • 1909 – In Canadian football, the First Grey Cup game is played. The University of Toronto Varsity Blues defeat the Toronto Parkdale Canoe Club, 26–6.
  • 1909 – The Montreal Canadiens ice hockey club, the oldest surviving professional hockey franchise in the world, is founded as a charter member of the National Hockey Association.
  • 1918 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sails for the World War I peace talks in Versailles, becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office.
  • 1939World War II: Template:HMS is struck by a mine (laid by Template:GS) off the Scottish coast and is laid up for repairs until August 1940.
  • 1942 – World War II: Carlson's patrol during the Guadalcanal Campaign ends.
  • 1943 – World War II: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Josip Broz Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.
  • 1943 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes down the Works Progress Administration, because of the high levels of wartime employment in the United States.
  • 1945 – By a vote of 65–7, the United States Senate approves United States participation in the United Nations. (The UN had been established on October 24, 1945.)
  • 1949Sir Duncan George Stewart was fatally stabbed by Rosli Dhobi, a member leader of the Rukun 13, in Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia during the British crown colony era in that state.
  • 1954 – The first Burger King is opened in Miami, Florida.
  • 1956 – The Million Dollar Quartet (Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, and Johnny Cash) get together at Sun Studio for the first and last time.
  • 1964Free Speech Movement: Police arrest over 800 students at the University of California, Berkeley, following their takeover and sit-in at the administration building in protest of the UC Regents' decision to forbid protests on UC property.[2]
  • 1965 – The Grateful Dead's first concert performance under this new name.
  • 1965 – Launch of Gemini 7 with crew members Frank Borman and Jim Lovell. The Gemini 7 spacecraft was the passive target for the first crewed space rendezvous performed by the crew of Gemini 6A.
  • 1967Vietnam War: U.S. and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong troops in the Mekong Delta.
  • 1969Black Panther Party members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark are shot and killed during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers.
  • 1971 – The Indian Navy attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi.
  • 1971 – The PNS Ghazi, a submarine belonging to the Pakistan Navy, sinks during the course of the Indo-Pakistani Naval War of 1971.
  • 1977Jean-Bédel Bokassa, president of the Central African Republic, crowns himself Emperor Bokassa I of the Central African Empire.
  • 1977 – Malaysian Airline System Flight 653 is hijacked and crashes in Tanjong Kupang, Johor, killing 100.
  • 1978 – Following the murder of Mayor George Moscone, Dianne Feinstein becomes San Francisco's first female mayor.
  • 1979 – The Hastie fire in Hull kills three schoolboys and eventually leads police to arrest Bruce George Peter Lee.
  • 1981 – South Africa grants independence to the Ciskei "homeland" (not recognized by any government outside South Africa).
  • 1982 – The People's Republic of China adopts its current constitution.
  • 1983US Navy aircraft from USS John F. Kennedy and USS Independence attack Syrian Missile sites in Lebanon in response to an F-14 being fired on by an SA-7. One A-6 Intruder and A-7 Corsair are shot down. 1 American pilot was killed, one was rescued and one is captured.[3]
  • 1984Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Army soldiers kill 107–150 civilians in Mannar.
  • 1991Terry A. Anderson is released after seven years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut; he is the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon.
  • 1991 – Pan American World Airways ceases its operations after 64 years.
  • 1992Somali Civil War: President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 U.S. troops to Somalia in Northeast Africa.
  • 1998 – The Unity Module, the second module of the International Space Station, is launched.
  • 2005 – Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protest for democracy and call on the government to allow universal and equal suffrage.
  • 2006Six black youths assault a white teenager in Jena, Louisiana.
  • 2014 – Islamic insurgents kill three state police at a traffic circle before taking an empty school and a "press house" in Grozny. Ten state forces die with 28 injured in gun battles ending with ten insurgents killed.
  • 2015 – A firebomb is thrown into a restaurant in the Egyptian capital of Cairo, killing 17 people.
  • 2017 – The Pontiac Silverdome in Pontiac, Michigan is imploded, one day after failing to be imploded.
  • 2017 – The Thomas Fire starts near Santa Paula in California. It eventually becomes the largest wildfire in modern California history (at that time) after burning Script error: No such module "convert". in Ventura and Santa Barbara Counties.

Births

  • 0AD 34Persius, Roman poet (d. 62)
  • 0846Hasan al-Askari 11th Imam of Twelver Shia Islam (d. 874)
  • 1428Bernard VII, Lord of Lippe (d. 1511)
  • 1506Thomas Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy of Chiche (d. 1558)
  • 1555Heinrich Meibom, German poet and historian (d. 1625)
  • 1575Sister Virginia Maria, Italian nun (d. 1650)
  • 1580Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (d. 1626)
  • 1585John Cotton, English-American minister and theologian (d. 1652)
  • 1595Jean Chapelain, French poet and critic (d. 1674)
  • 1647Daniel Eberlin, German soldier and composer (d. 1715)
  • 1660André Campra, French composer and conductor (d. 1744)
  • 1667Michel Pignolet de Montéclair, French composer and educator (d. 1737)
  • 1670John Aislabie, English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1742)
  • 1713Gasparo Gozzi, Italian playwright and critic (d. 1786)
  • 1777Juliette Récamier, French businesswoman (d. 1849)
  • 1795Thomas Carlyle, Scottish-English historian, philosopher, and academic (d. 1881)
  • 1798Jules Armand Dufaure, French lawyer and politician, 33rd Prime Minister of France (d. 1881)
  • 1817Nikoloz Baratashvili, Georgian poet and author (d. 1845)
  • 1835Samuel Butler, English author and critic (d. 1902)
  • 1844Franz Xavier Wernz, German religious leader, 25th Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1914)
  • 1861Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic poet and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Iceland (d. 1922)
  • 1865Edith Cavell, English nurse, humanitarian, and saint (Anglicanism) (d. 1915)
  • 1867Stanley Argyle, Australian politician, 32nd Premier of Victoria (d. 1940)
  • 1868Jesse Burkett, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1953)
  • 1875Agnes Forbes Blackadder, Scottish medical doctor (d. 1964)[4]
  • 1875 – Joe Corbett, American baseball player and coach (d. 1945)
  • 1875 – Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian-Swiss poet and author (d. 1926)
  • 1881Erwin von Witzleben, Polish-German field marshal (d. 1944)
  • 1882Constance Davey, Australian psychologist (d. 1963)
  • 1883Katharine Susannah Prichard, Australian author and playwright (d. 1969)
  • 1884R. C. Majumdar, Indian historian (d. 1980)
  • 1892Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator, Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1975)
  • 1892 – Liu Bocheng, Chinese commander and politician (d. 1986)
  • 1893Herbert Read, English poet and critic (d. 1968)
  • 1895Feng Youlan, Chinese philosopher and academic (d. 1990)
  • 1897Robert Redfield, American anthropologist of Mexico (d. 1958)
  • 1899Karl-Günther Heimsoth, German physician and politician (d. 1934)
  • 1899 – Charlie Spencer, English footballer and manager (d. 1953)
  • 1903Cornell Woolrich, American author (d. 1968)
  • 1904Albert Norden, German journalist and politician (d. 1982)
  • 1908Alfred Hershey, American bacteriologist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1910Alex North, American composer and conductor (d. 1991)
  • 1910 – R. Venkataraman, Indian lawyer and politician, 6th President of India (d. 2009)
  • 1912Pappy Boyington, American colonel and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1988)
  • 1913Mark Robson, Canadian-American director and producer (d. 1978)
  • 1914Rudolf Hausner, Austrian painter and sculptor (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – Claude Renoir, French cinematographer (d. 1993)
  • 1915Eddie Heywood, American pianist and composer (d. 1989)
  • 1916Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., American journalist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1919I. K. Gujral, Indian poet and politician, 12th Prime Minister of India (d. 2012)
  • 1920Nadir Afonso, Portuguese painter and architect (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Michael Bates, English actor (d. 1978)
  • 1920 – Jeanne Manford, American educator and activist, co-founded PFLAG (d. 2013)
  • 1921Deanna Durbin, Canadian actress and singer (d. 2013)
  • 1923Charles Keating, American lawyer and financier (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Eagle Keys, American-Canadian football player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – John Krish, English director and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1924John C. Portman, Jr., American architect, designed the Renaissance Center and Tomorrow Square (d. 2017)
  • 1925Albert Bandura, Canadian-American psychologist and academic
  • 1929Şakir Eczacıbaşı, Turkish pharmacist, photographer, and businessman (d. 2010)
  • 1930Ronnie Corbett, Scottish actor and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Jim Hall, American guitarist and composer (d. 2013)
  • 1931Alex Delvecchio, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1931 – Wally George, American radio and television host (d. 2003)
  • 1932Roh Tae-woo, South Korean general and politician, 6th President of South Korea
  • 1933Wink Martindale, American game show host and producer
  • 1933 – Horst Buchholz, German actor (d. 2003)
  • 1934Bill Collins, Australian film critic and author (d. 2019)
  • 1934 – Victor French, American actor and director (d. 1989)
  • 1935Paul O'Neill, American businessman and politician, 72nd United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1936John Giorno, American poet and performance artist (d. 2019)
  • 1937Max Baer, Jr., American actor, director, and producer
  • 1938Andre Marrou, American lawyer and politician
  • 1938 – Yvonne Minton, Australian-English soprano and actress
  • 1939Stephen W. Bosworth, American academic and diplomat, United States Ambassador to South Korea (d. 2016)
  • 1939 – Joan Brady, American-British author
  • 1939 – Freddy Cannon, American singer and guitarist
  • 1940Gerd Achterberg, German footballer and manager
  • 1940 – Gary Gilmore, American murderer (d. 1977)
  • 1941Marty Riessen, American tennis player and coach
  • 1942Bob Mosley, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1944Chris Hillman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1944 – Anna McGarrigle, Canadian musician and singer-songwriter
  • 1944 – François Migault, French race car driver (d. 2012)
  • 1944 – Dennis Wilson, American singer-songwriter, producer, and drummer (d. 1983)
  • 1945Roberta Bondar, Canadian neurologist, academic, and astronaut
  • 1946Karina, Spanish singer/actress
  • 1947Jane Lubchenco, American ecologist, academic, and diplomat
  • 1948Southside Johnny, American singer-songwriter
  • 1949Jeff Bridges, American actor
  • 1949 – Jock Stirrup, Baron Stirrup, English air marshal and politician
  • 1950Bjørn Kjellemyr, Norwegian bassist and composer
  • 1951Gary Rossington, American guitarist
  • 1951 – Patricia Wettig, American actress and playwright
  • 1953Rick Middleton, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1953 – Jean-Marie Pfaff, Belgian footballer and manager
  • 1955Philip Hammond, English businessman and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer
  • 1955 – Dave Taylor, Canadian-American ice hockey player and manager
  • 1955 – Cassandra Wilson, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1956Nia Griffith, Welsh educator and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Wales
  • 1956 – Bernard King, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1957Raul Boesel, Brazilian race car driver and radio host
  • 1957 – Eric S. Raymond, American computer programmer and author
  • 1960David Green, Nicaraguan-American baseball player
  • 1960 – Glynis Nunn, Australian heptathlete and hurler
  • 1961Frank Reich, American football player and coach
  • 1962Vinnie Dombroski, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1962 – Gary Freeman, New Zealand rugby league player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1962 – Nixon Kiprotich, Kenyan runner
  • 1962 – Kevin Richardson, English footballer and manager
  • 1963Sergey Bubka, Ukrainian pole vaulter
  • 1963 – Nigel Heslop, English rugby player
  • 1964Scott Hastings, Scottish rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1964 – Marisa Tomei, American actress
  • 1965Álex de la Iglesia, Spanish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Shaun Hollamby, English race car driver and businessman
  • 1965 – Ulf Kirsten, German footballer and manager
  • 1966Fred Armisen, American actor and musician
  • 1966 – Andy Hess, American bass player
  • 1966 – Suzanne Malveaux, American journalist
  • 1966 – Suzette M. Malveaux, American lawyer and academic
  • 1967Guillermo Amor, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1968Tahir Dawar, Pakistani police officer and Pashto poet (d. 2018)
  • 1969Dionne Farris, American singer-songwriter, producer and actress
  • 1969 – Jay Z, American rapper, producer, and actor, co-founded Roc-A-Fella Records
  • 1969 – Plum Sykes, English journalist and author
  • 1971Shannon Briggs, American boxer and actor
  • 1972Jassen Cullimore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Yūko Miyamura, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1973Tyra Banks, American model, actress, and producer
  • 1973 – Frank Boeijen, Dutch keyboard player
  • 1973 – Mina Caputo, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1973 – Michael Jackson, English footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Steven Menzies, Australian rugby league player
  • 1973 – Kate Rusby, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974Tadahito Iguchi, Japanese baseball player
  • 1976Kristina Groves, Canadian speed skater
  • 1977Ajit Agarkar, Indian cricketer
  • 1977 – Darvis Patton, American sprinter
  • 1977 – Morten Veland, Norwegian guitarist and songwriter
  • 1978Jaclyn Victor, Malaysian singer and actress
  • 1979Ysabella Brave, American singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Jay DeMerit, American soccer player
  • 1980Rick Victor, Canadian wrestler and manager
  • 1981Brian Vandborg, Danish cyclist
  • 1982Nathan Douglas, English triple jumper
  • 1982 – Waldo Ponce, Chilean footballer
  • 1982 – Ho-Pin Tung, Dutch-Chinese race car driver
  • 1982 – Nick Vujicic, Australian evangelist
  • 1983Jimmy Bartel, Australian footballer
  • 1984Marco Giambruno, Italian footballer
  • 1984 – Anna Petrakova, Russian basketball player
  • 1984 – Joe Thomas, American football player
  • 1985Andrew Brackman, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Stephen Dawson, Irish footballer
  • 1985 – Carlos Gómez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1986Kaija Udras, Estonian skier
  • 1986 – Martell Webster, American basketball player
  • 1987Orlando Brown, American actor and rapper
  • 1988Andriy Pylyavskyi, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1988 – Yeng Constantino, Filipina singer and songwriter
  • 1990Lukman Haruna, Nigerian footballer
  • 1990 – Blake Leary, Australian rugby league player
  • 1990 – Igor Sjunin, Estonian triple jumper
  • 1991Reality Winner, American intelligence specialist convicted of espionage[5]
  • 1992Peta Hiku, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1992 – Jean-Claude Iranzi, Rwandan footballer
  • 1992 – Kim Seok-Jin, South Korean singer, songwriter and actor[6]
  • 1996Diogo Jota, Portuguese professional footballer
  • 1996 – Sebastián Vegas, Chilean footballer
  • 1996 – Sheryl Sheinafia, Indonesian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1996 – Ivan Belikov, Russian footballer

Deaths

  • 0530 BCCyrus the Great, king of Persia (b. 600 BC)
  • 0749John of Damascus, Syrian priest and saint (b. 676)
  • 0771Carloman I, Frankish king (b. 751)
  • 0870Suairlech ind Eidnén mac Ciaráin, Irish bishop
  • 1075Anno II, German archbishop and saint (b. 1010)
  • 1131Omar Khayyám, Persian poet, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher (b. 1048)
  • 1214William the Lion, Scottish king (b. 1143)
  • 1260Aymer de Valence, Bishop of Winchester (b. 1222)
  • 1270Theobald II of Navarre (b. 1238)
  • 1334Pope John XXII (b. 1249)
  • 1340Henry Burghersh, English bishop and politician, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1292)
  • 1341Janisław I, Archbishop of Gniezno
  • 1408Valentina Visconti, wife of Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans
  • 1456Charles I, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1401)
  • 1459Adolphus VIII, Count of Holstein (b. 1401)
  • 1576Georg Joachim Rheticus, Austrian-Slovak mathematician and cartographer (b. 1514)
  • 1585John Willock, Scottish minister and reformer (b. 1515)
  • 1603Maerten de Vos, Flemish painter and draughtsman (b. 1532)
  • 1609Alexander Hume, Scottish poet (b. 1560)
  • 1637Nicholas Ferrar, English trader (b. 1592)
  • 1642Cardinal Richelieu, French cardinal and politician, Chief Minister to the French Monarch (b. 1585)
  • 1649William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (b. 1585)
  • 1679Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher and theorist (b. 1588)
  • 1680Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (b. 1616)
  • 1696Empress Meishō of Japan (b. 1624)
  • 1732John Gay, English poet and playwright (b. 1685)
  • 1798Luigi Galvani, Italian physician, physicist, and philosopher (b. 1737)
  • 1828Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1770)
  • 1839John Leamy, Irish–American merchant (b. 1757)[7]
  • 1841David Daniel Davis, Welsh-English physician and academic (b. 1777)
  • 1845Gregor MacGregor, Scottish soldier and explorer (b. 1786)
  • 1850William Sturgeon, English physicist, invented the electric motor (b. 1783)
  • 1893John Tyndall, Irish-English physicist and chemist (b. 1820)
  • 1897Griffith Rhys Jones, Welsh conductor (b. 1834)
  • 1902Charles Dow, American journalist and publisher, co-founded the Dow Jones & Company (b. 1851)
  • 1926Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter (b. 1861)
  • 1933Stefan George, German-Swiss poet and translator (b. 1868)
  • 1935Johan Halvorsen, Norwegian violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1864)
  • 1935 – Charles Richet, French physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1850)
  • 1938Tamanishiki San'emon, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 32nd Yokozuna (b. 1903)
  • 1942Juhan Kukk, Estonian politician, 3rd Head of State of Estonia (b. 1885)
  • 1942 – Fritz Löhner-Beda, Jewish Austrian librettist, lyricist and writer (b. 1883)
  • 1944Roger Bresnahan, American baseball player and manager (b. 1879)
  • 1945Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
  • 1948Frank Benford, American physicist and engineer (b. 1883)
  • 1954George Shepherd, 1st Baron Shepherd (b. 1881)
  • 1955József Galamb, Hungarian-American engineer (b. 1881)
  • 1963Constance Davey, Australian psychologist (b. 1882)
  • 1967Bert Lahr, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1969Fred Hampton, American Black Panthers activist (b. 1948)
  • 1971Shunryū Suzuki, Japanese-American monk and educator, founded the San Francisco Zen Center (b. 1904)
  • 1975Hannah Arendt, German-American historian, theorist, and academic (b. 1906)
  • 1976Tommy Bolin, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1951)
  • 1976 – Benjamin Britten, English pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1913)
  • 1976 – W. F. McCoy, Irish soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1886)
  • 1980Francisco de Sá Carneiro, Portuguese lawyer and politician, 111th Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1934)
  • 1980 – Stanisława Walasiewicz, Polish-American runner (b. 1911)
  • 1980 – Don Warrington, Canadian football player (b. 1948)
  • 1981Jeanne Block, American psychologist (b. 1923)
  • 1984Jack Mercer, American animator, screenwriter, voice actor, and singer (b. 1910)
  • 1987Arnold Lobel, American author and illustrator (b. 1933)
  • 1987 – Rouben Mamoulian, Georgian-American director and screenwriter (b. 1897)
  • 1988Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist and academic (b. 1899)
  • 1992Henry Clausen, American lawyer and author (b. 1905)
  • 1993Margaret Landon, American missionary and author (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Frank Zappa, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1940)
  • 1999Rose Bird, American academic and judge, 25th Chief Justice of California (b. 1936)
  • 2000Henck Arron, Surinamese banker and politician, 1st Prime Minister of the Republic of Suriname (b. 1936)
  • 2003Iggy Katona, American race car driver (b. 1916)
  • 2004Elena Souliotis, Greek soprano and actress (b. 1943)
  • 2005Errol Brathwaite, New Zealand soldier and author (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Gregg Hoffman, American film producer (b. 1963)
  • 2006K. Ganeshalingam, Sri Lankan accountant and politician, Mayor of Colombo (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Ross A. McGinnis, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1987)
  • 2007Pimp C, American rapper (b. 1973)
  • 2009Liam Clancy, Irish singer, actor, and guitarist (b. 1935)
  • 2010King Curtis Iaukea, American wrestler (b. 1937)
  • 2011Sonia Pierre, Haitian-Dominican activist (b. 1965)[8]
  • 2011 – Sócrates, Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1954)
  • 2011 – Hubert Sumlin, American singer and guitarist (b. 1931)
  • 2012Vasily Belov, Russian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Jack Brooks, American colonel, lawyer, and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Miguel Calero, Colombian footballer and manager (b. 1971)
  • 2012 – Anthony Deane-Drummond, English general (b. 1917)
  • 2013Joana Raspall i Juanola, Spanish author and poet (b. 1913)
  • 2014Claudia Emerson, American poet and academic (b. 1957)
  • 2014 – V. R. Krishna Iyer, Indian lawyer and judge (b. 1914)
  • 2014 – Vincent L. McKusick, American lawyer and judge (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Jeremy Thorpe, English lawyer and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2015Bill Bennett, Canadian lawyer and politician, 27th Premier of British Columbia (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Robert Loggia, American actor and director (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Yossi Sarid, Israeli journalist and politician, 15th Israeli Minister of Education (b. 1940)
  • 2016Patricia Robins, British writer and WAAF officer (b. 1921).
  • 2017Shashi Kapoor, Indian actor (b. 1938)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Ada
    • Anno II
    • Barbara, and its related observances:
      • Barbórka, Miners' Day in Poland
      • Eid il-Burbara, a holiday similar to Halloween in honor of Saint Barbara. (Russia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Turkey)
    • Bernardo degli Uberti
    • Clement of Alexandria (Anglicanism, Eastern Catholicism)
    • Giovanni Calabria
    • John of Damascus
    • Maruthas
    • Nicholas Ferrar (Anglicanism)
    • Osmund
    • Sigiramnus
    • December 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Detinjci can fall, while December 10 is the latest; celebrated on Sunday two weeks before Christmas Day. (Serbia)
  • National Cookie Day (United States)
  • Navy Day (India)
  • Thai Environment Day (Thailand)
  • Tupou I Day (Tonga)

References

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External links

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