Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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  2020 (Thursday)
  2019 (Tuesday)
  2018 (Monday)
  2017 (Sunday)
  2016 (Saturday)
  2015 (Thursday)
  2014 (Wednesday)
  2013 (Tuesday)
  2012 (Monday)
  2011 (Saturday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".December 31 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. It is widely known as New Year's Eve since the following day is New Year's Day. It is the last day of the year. The following day is January 1 of the following year.

Events

  • 406Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gaul.
  • 535Byzantine general Belisarius completes the conquest of Sicily, defeating the Gothic garrison of Palermo (Panormos), and ending his consulship for the year.
  • 870Battle of Englefield: The Vikings clash with ealdorman Æthelwulf of Berkshire. The invaders are driven back to Reading (East Anglia), many Danes are killed.
  • 1225 – The Lý dynasty of Vietnam ends after 216 years by the enthronement of the boy emperor Trần Thái Tông, husband of the last Lý monarch, Lý Chiêu Hoàng, starting the Trần dynasty.
  • 1229James I of Aragon the Conqueror enters Medina Mayurqa (now known as Palma, Spain) thus consummating the Christian reconquest of the island of Majorca.
  • 1501 – The First Battle of Cannanore commences.
  • 1600 – The British East India Company is chartered.
  • 1660James II of England is named Duke of Normandy by Louis XIV of France.
  • 1687 – The first Huguenots set sail from France to the Cape of Good Hope.
  • 1757 – Empress Elizabeth I of Russia issues her ukase incorporating Königsberg into Russia.
  • 1759Arthur Guinness signs a 9,000 year lease at £45 per annum and starts brewing Guinness.
  • 1775American Revolutionary War: Battle of Quebec: British forces repulse an attack by Continental Army General Richard Montgomery.
  • 1790Efimeris, the oldest Greek newspaper of which issues have survived till today, is published for the first time.
  • 1796 – The incorporation of Baltimore as a city.
  • 1831Gramercy Park is deeded to New York City.
  • 1853 – A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an iguanodon created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London, England.
  • 1857Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa, then a small logging town, as the capital of Canada.
  • 1862American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln signs an act that admits West Virginia to the Union, thus dividing Virginia in two.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Stones River begins near Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
  • 1878Karl Benz, working in Mannheim, Germany, filed for a patent on his first reliable two-stroke gas engine, and he was granted the patent in 1879.
  • 1879Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time, in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
  • 1906Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar signs the Persian Constitution of 1906.
  • 1907 – The first New Year's Eve celebration is held in Times Square (then known as Longacre Square) in Manhattan.
  • 1944World War II: Hungary declares war on Nazi Germany.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Nordwind, the last major German offensive on the Western Front begins.
  • 1946 – President Harry S. Truman officially proclaims the end of hostilities in World War II.
  • 1951 – The Marshall Plan expires after distributing more than US$13.3 billion in foreign aid to rebuild Europe.
  • 1955General Motors becomes the first U.S. corporation to make over US$1 billion in a year.
  • 1961RTÉ, Ireland's state broadcaster, launches its first national television service.
  • 1963The Central African Federation officially collapses, subsequently becoming Zambia, Malawi and Rhodesia.
  • 1965Jean-Bédel Bokassa, leader of the Central African Republic army, and his military officers begins a coup d'état against the government of President David Dacko.
  • 1968 – The first flight of the Tupolev Tu-144, the first civilian supersonic transport.
  • 1981 – A coup d'état in Ghana removes President Hilla Limann's PNP government and replaces it with the Provisional National Defence Council led by Flight lieutenant Jerry Rawlings.
  • 1983 – The AT&T Bell System is broken up by the United States Government.
  • 1983 – In Nigeria a coup d'état led by Major General Muhammadu Buhari ends the Second Nigerian Republic.
  • 1985United Kingdom founds a member state of UNESCO.
  • 1986Arson at the Dupont Plaza Hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico kills 97 people and injures 140.
  • 1991 – All official Soviet Union institutions have ceased operations by this date 5 days after the Soviet Union is officially dissolved.
  • 1992Czechoslovakia is peacefully dissolved in what is dubbed by media as the Velvet Divorce, resulting in the creation of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
  • 1994 – This date is skipped altogether in Kiribati as the Phoenix Islands and Line Islands change time zones from UTC−11:00 to UTC+13:00 and UTC−10:00 to UTC+14:00, respectively.
  • 1994 – The First Chechen War: Russian army began a New Year's storming of Grozny.
  • 1998 – The European Exchange Rate Mechanism freezes the values of the legacy currencies in the Eurozone, and establishes the value of the euro currency.
  • 1999 – First President of Russia, Boris Yeltsin, resigns from office, leaving Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as the acting President and successor.
  • 1999 – The United States Government hands control of the Panama Canal (as well all the adjacent land to the canal known as the Panama Canal Zone) to Panama. This act complied with the signing of the 1977 Torrijos–Carter Treaties.
  • 1999 – Indian Airlines Flight 814 hijacking ended after seven days with the release of 190 survivors at Kandahar Airport, Afghanistan.
  • 2004 – The official opening of Taipei 101, the tallest skyscraper at that time in the world, standing at a height of Script error: No such module "convert"..
  • 2009 – Both a blue moon and a lunar eclipse occur.
  • 2010Tornadoes touch down in midwestern and southern United States, including Washington County, Arkansas; Greater St. Louis, Sunset Hills, Missouri, Illinois, and Oklahoma, with a few tornadoes in the early hours. A total 36 tornadoes touched down, resulting in the deaths of nine people and $113 million in damages.
  • 2011NASA succeeds in putting the first of two Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory satellites in orbit around the Moon.
  • 2014 – A New Year's Eve celebration stampede in Shanghai kills at least 36 people and injures 49 others.
  • 2015 – A fire broke out at the Downtown Address Hotel in Downtown Dubai, United Arab Emirates located near the Burj Khalifa 2 hours before the fireworks display was due to commence. 16 injuries were reported; one had a heart attack, another suffered a major injury, and fourteen others with minor injuries,

Births

  • 695Muhammad bin Qasim, Syrian general (d. 715)
  • 1378Pope Callixtus III (d. 1458)
  • 1491Jacques Cartier, French navigator and explorer (d. 1557)
  • 1493Eleonora Gonzaga, Duchess of Urbino (d. 1570)
  • 1514Andreas Vesalius, Belgian anatomist, physician, and author (d. 1564)
  • 1552Simon Forman, English occultist and astrologer (d. 1611)
  • 1572Emperor Go-Yōzei of Japan, (d. 1617)
  • 1585Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general and politician, 24th Governor of the Duchy of Milan (d. 1645)
  • 1668Herman Boerhaave, Dutch botanist and physician (d. 1738)
  • 1714Arima Yoriyuki, Japanese mathematician and educator (d. 1783)
  • 1720Charles Edward Stuart, Italian husband of Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern (d. 1788)
  • 1738Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, English general and politician, 3rd Governor-General of India (d. 1805)
  • 1741Gottfried August Bürger, German poet and academic (d. 1794)
  • 1763Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (d. 1806)
  • 1776Johann Spurzheim, German-American physician and phrenologist (d. 1832)
  • 1798Friedrich Robert Faehlmann, Estonian physician, philologist, and academic (d. 1850)
  • 1805Marie d'Agoult, German-French historian and author (d. 1876)
  • 1815George Meade, American general and engineer (d. 1872)
  • 1830Isma'il Pasha, Egyptian ruler (d. 1895)
  • 1830 – Alexander Smith, Scottish poet and critic (d. 1867)
  • 1838Émile Loubet, French lawyer and politician, 7th President of France (d. 1929)
  • 1842Giovanni Boldini, Italian painter (d. 1931)
  • 1851Henry Carter Adams, American economist and academic (d. 1921)
  • 1855Giovanni Pascoli, Italian poet and scholar (d. 1912)
  • 1857King Kelly, American baseball player and manager (d. 1894)
  • 1860Joseph S. Cullinan, American businessman, co-founded Texaco (d. 1937)
  • 1864Robert Grant Aitken, American astronomer and academic (d. 1951)
  • 1869Henri Matisse, French painter and sculptor (d. 1954)
  • 1872Fred Marriott, American race car driver (d. 1956)
  • 1873Konstantin Konik, Estonian surgeon and politician, 19th Estonian Minister of Education (d. 1936)
  • 1874Julius Meier, American businessman and politician, 20th Governor of Oregon (d. 1937)
  • 1877Lawrence Beesley, English journalist and author (d. 1967)
  • 1878Elizabeth Arden, Canadian businesswoman, founded Elizabeth Arden, Inc. (d. 1966)
  • 1878 – Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan-Argentinian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1937)
  • 1880Fred Beebe, American baseball player and coach (d. 1957)
  • 1880 – George Marshall, American general and politician, 50th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
  • 1881Max Pechstein, German painter and academic (d. 1955)
  • 1884Bobby Byrne, American baseball and soccer player (d. 1964)
  • 1884 – Mihály Fekete, Hungarian actor, screenwriter, and film director (d. 1960)
  • 1885Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1970)
  • 1899Silvestre Revueltas, Mexican violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1940)
  • 1901Nikos Ploumpidis, Greek educator and politician (d. 1954)
  • 1902Lionel Daunais, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1902 – Roy Goodall, English footballer (d. 1982)
  • 1904William Heynes, English engineer (d. 1989)
  • 1905Helen Dodson Prince, American astronomer and academic (d. 2002)
  • 1905 – Jule Styne, English-American composer (d. 1994)
  • 1908Simon Wiesenthal, Ukrainian-Austrian nazi hunter and author (d. 2005)
  • 1909Jonah Jones, American trumpet player and saxophonist (d. 2000)
  • 1910Carl Dudley, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1973)
  • 1910 – Enrique Maier, Spanish tennis player (d. 1981)
  • 1911Dal Stivens, Australian soldier and author (d. 1997)
  • 1912John Frost, Indian-English general (d. 1993)
  • 1914Mary Logan Reddick, American neuroembryologist (d. 1966)
  • 1915Sam Ragan, American journalist, author, and poet (d. 1996)
  • 1917Evelyn Knight, American singer (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Wilfrid Noyce, English mountaineer and author (d. 1962)
  • 1918Ray Graves, American football player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1919Tommy Byrne, American baseball player, coach, and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Carmen Contreras-Bozak, Puerto Rican-American soldier
  • 1920Rex Allen, American actor and singer-songwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1922Tomás Balduino, Brazilian bishop (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Halina Czerny-Stefańska, Polish pianist and educator (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Luis Zuloaga, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1923Giannis Dalianidis, Greek actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1924Taylor Mead, American actor and poet (d. 2013)
  • 1925Irina Korschunow, German author and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Sri Lal Sukla, Indian author (d. 2011)
  • 1925 – Daphne Oram, British composer and electronic musician (d. 2003)
  • 1926Valerie Pearl, English historian and academic (d. 2016)
  • 1926 – Billy Snedden, Australian lawyer and politician, 17th Attorney-General for Australia (d. 1987)
  • 1928Ross Barbour, American pop singer (d. 2011)
  • 1928 – Tatyana Shmyga, Russian actress and singer (d. 2011)
  • 1928 – Siné, French cartoonist (d. 2016)
  • 1928 – Veijo Meri, Finnish author and translator (d. 2015)
  • 1929Mies Bouwman, Dutch television host
  • 1929 – Peter May, English cricketer (d. 1994)
  • 1930Odetta, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress (d. 2008)
  • 1930 – Jaime Escalante, Bolivian-American educator (d. 2010)
  • 1931Bob Shaw, Northern Irish journalist and author (d. 1996)
  • 1932Don James, American football player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Felix Rexhausen, German journalist and author (d. 1992)
  • 1933Edward Bunker, American author, screenwriter, and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1934Ameer Muhammad Akram Awan, Indian author, poet, and scholar
  • 1935Salman of Saudi Arabia, King of Saudi Arabia
  • 1937Avram Hershko, Hungarian-Israeli biochemist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937 – Anthony Hopkins, Welsh actor, director, and composer
  • 1937 – Barry Hughes, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1937 – Tess Jaray, Austrian-English painter and educator
  • 1938Rosalind Cash, American singer and actress (d. 1995)
  • 1938 – Atje Keulen-Deelstra, Dutch speed skater (d. 2013)
  • 1939Willye White, American sprinter and long jumper (d. 2007)
  • 1940Mani Neumeier, German drummer
  • 1941Alex Ferguson, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1941 – Sarah Miles, English actress
  • 1942Andy Summers, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1943John Denver, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1997)
  • 1943 – Ben Kingsley, English actor
  • 1943 – Pete Quaife, English bass player, author, and artist (d. 2010)
  • 1944Taylor Hackford, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1945Connie Willis, American author
  • 1946Roy Greenslade, English journalist and academic
  • 1946 – Bryan Hamilton, Northern Irish footballer and coach
  • 1946 – Raphael Kaplinsky, South African international development academic
  • 1946 – Pius Ncube, Zimbabwean archbishop
  • 1946 – Lyudmila Pakhomova, Russian ice dancer (d. 1986)
  • 1946 – Cliff Richey, American tennis player
  • 1946 – Eric Robson, Scottish journalist and author
  • 1946 – Nigel Rudd, English businessman, founded Williams Holdings
  • 1946 – Tim Stevens, English bishop
  • 1946 – Diane von Fürstenberg, Belgian-American fashion designer
  • 1947Burton Cummings, Canadian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1947 – Rita Lee, Brazilian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1947 – Tim Matheson, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1948Joe Dallesandro, American actor
  • 1948 – Sandy Jardine, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1948 – René Robert, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1948 – Donna Summer, American singer-songwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1949Ellen Datlow, American anthologist and author
  • 1949 – Susan Shwartz, American author
  • 1950Phil Blakeway, Welsh-English rugby player
  • 1950 – Bob Gilder, American golfer
  • 1950 – Inge Helten, German sprinter
  • 1950 – Cheryl Womack, American businesswoman
  • 1951Tom Hamilton, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1951 – Kenny Roberts, American motorcycle racer
  • 1952Vaughan Jones, New Zealand mathematician and academic
  • 1952 – Jean-Pierre Rives, French rugby player, painter, and sculptor
  • 1953Jane Badler, American actress
  • 1954Alex Salmond, Scottish economist and politician, 4th First Minister of Scotland
  • 1954 – Hermann Tilke, German race car driver and engineer
  • 1956Robert Goodwill, English farmer and politician
  • 1956 – Helma Knorscheidt, German shot putter
  • 1956 – Steve Rude, American author and illustrator
  • 1958Geoff Marsh, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1958 – Bebe Neuwirth, American actress and dancer
  • 1959Liveris Andritsos, Greek basketball player
  • 1959 – Val Kilmer, American actor
  • 1959 – Phill Kline, American lawyer and politician, Kansas Attorney General
  • 1959 – Baron Waqa, Nauruan composer and politician, 14th President of Nauru
  • 1959 – Paul Westerberg, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1960Steve Bruce, English footballer and manager
  • 1961Rick Aguilera, American baseball player and coach
  • 1961 – Jeremy Heywood, English economist and civil servant
  • 1962Tyrone Corbin, American basketball player and coach
  • 1962 – Chris Hallam, English-Welsh swimmer and wheelchair racer (d. 2013)
  • 1963Scott Ian, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1964Winston Benjamin, Antiguan cricketer
  • 1964 – Michael McDonald, American comedian, actor, and director
  • 1965Tony Dorigo, Australian-English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1965 – Julie Doucet, Canadian cartoonist and author
  • 1965 – Gong Li, Chinese actress
  • 1965 – Laxman Sivaramakrishnan, Indian cricketer
  • 1965 – Nicholas Sparks, American author, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1967Paul McGregor, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1968Gerry Dee, Canadian comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Junot Diaz, Dominican-born American novelist, short story writer, and essayist
  • 1970Jorge Alberto da Costa Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1970 – Danny McNamara, English singer-songwriter
  • 1970 – Carlos Morales Quintana, Spanish-Danish architect and sailor
  • 1970 – Bryon Russell, American basketball player
  • 1971Brent Barry, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Esteban Loaiza, Mexican baseball player
  • 1972Joey McIntyre, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1973Shandon Anderson, American basketball player
  • 1973 – Malcolm Middleton, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973 – Curtis Myden, Canadian swimmer
  • 1974Joe Abercrombie, English author
  • 1974 – Mario Aerts, Belgian cyclist
  • 1974 – Tony Kanaan, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1974 – Ryan Sakoda, Japanese-American wrestler and trainer
  • 1975Rami Alanko, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Toni Kuivasto, Finnish footballer and coach
  • 1975 – Rob Penders, Dutch footballer
  • 1975 – Sander Schutgens, Dutch runner
  • 1976Luís Carreira, Portuguese motorcycle racer (d. 2012)
  • 1976 – Matthew Hoggard, English cricketer
  • 1977Wardy Alfaro, Costa Rican footballer and coach
  • 1977 – Psy, South Korean singer-songwriter, producer, and dancer
  • 1977 – Donald Trump, Jr., American businessman and son of billionaire Donald Trump
  • 1979Paul O'Neill, English race car driver
  • 1979 – Jeff Waldstreicher, American lawyer and politician
  • 1980Jesse Carlson, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Matt Cross, American wrestler
  • 1980 – Richie McCaw, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1980 – Carsten Schlangen, German runner
  • 1981Jason Campbell, American football player
  • 1981 – Matthew Pavlich, Australian footballer
  • 1981 – Margaret Simpson, Ghanaian heptathlete
  • 1981 – Ricky Whittle, English actor
  • 1982Julio DePaula, Dominican baseball player
  • 1982 – Craig Gordon, Scottish footballer
  • 1982 – Luke Schenscher, Australian basketball player
  • 1982 – The Rocket Summer, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1984Ben Hannant, Australian rugby league player
  • 1984 – Édgar Lugo, Mexican footballer
  • 1984 – Calvin Zola, Congolese footballer
  • 1985Jonathan Horton, American gymnast
  • 1985 – Jan Smit, Dutch singer and television host
  • 1986Nate Freiman, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Kade Snowden, Australian rugby league player
  • 1987Javaris Crittenton, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Danny Holla, Dutch footballer
  • 1987 – Émilie Le Pennec, French gymnast
  • 1987 – Nemanja Nikolić, Hungarian footballer
  • 1990Patrick Chan, Canadian figure skater
  • 1991Camila Giorgi, Italian tennis player
  • 1991 – Bojana Jovanovski, Serbian tennis player
  • 1992Karl Kruuda, Estonian race car driver
  • 1993Ryan Blaney, American race car driver
  • 1995Gabby Douglas, American gymnast

Deaths

  • 45 BCQuintus Fabius Maximus, consul suffectus
  • 192Commodus, Roman emperor (b. 161)
  • 335Pope Sylvester I
  • 669Li Shiji, Chinese general (b. 594)
  • 878Seiwa, Japanese emperor (b. 850)
  • 1164Ottokar III of Styria (b. 1124)
  • 1194Leopold V, Duke of Austria (b. 1157)
  • 1298Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford, English politician, Lord High Constable of England (b. 1249)
  • 1299Margaret, Countess of Anjou (b. 1273)
  • 1302Frederick III, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1238)
  • 1384John Wycliffe, English philosopher, theologian, and translator (b. 1331)
  • 1426Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter (b. 1377)
  • 1460Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, English politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (b. 1400)
  • 1535William Skeffington, English-Irish politician, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1465)
  • 1568Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese daimyo (b. 1493)
  • 1575Pierino Belli, Italian commander and jurist (b. 1502)
  • 1583Thomas Erastus, Swiss physician and theologian (b. 1524)
  • 1610Ludolph van Ceulen, German-Dutch mathematician and academic (b. 1540)
  • 1650Dorgon, Chinese emperor (b. 1612)
  • 1655Janusz Radziwiłł, Polish–Lithuanian politician (b. 1612)
  • 1673Oliver St John, English judge and politician, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas (b. 1598)
  • 1679Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (b. 1608)
  • 1691Robert Boyle, Irish chemist and physicist (b. 1627)
  • 1691 – Dudley North, English merchant and economist (b. 1641)
  • 1705Catherine of Braganza (b. 1638)
  • 1719John Flamsteed, English astronomer and academic (b. 1646)
  • 1730Carlo Gimach, Maltese architect, engineer and poet (b. 1651)
  • 1742Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine (b. 1661)
  • 1799Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and author (b. 1723)
  • 1872Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author and playwright (b. 1834)
  • 1876Catherine Labouré, French nun and saint (b. 1806)
  • 1877Gustave Courbet, French-Swiss painter and sculptor (b. 1819)
  • 1888Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi and scholar (b. 1808)
  • 1889Ion Creangă, Romanian author and educator (b. 1837)
  • 1890Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican soldier (b. 1826)
  • 1891Samuel Ajayi Crowther, Nigerian bishop and linguist (b. 1809)
  • 1894Thomas Joannes Stieltjes, Dutch mathematician and academic (b. 1856)
  • 1909Spencer Trask, American financier and philanthropist (b. 1844)
  • 1910Archibald Hoxsey, American pilot (b. 1884)
  • 1910 – John Moisant, American pilot and engineer (b. 1868)
  • 1921Boies Penrose, American lawyer and politician (b. 1860)
  • 1936Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish philosopher, author, and poet (b. 1864)
  • 1948Malcolm Campbell, English race car driver and journalist (b. 1885)
  • 1949Rıza Tevfik Bölükbaşı, Turkish philosopher, poet, and politician (b. 1869)
  • 1949 – Raimond Valgre, Estonian pianist and composer (b. 1913)
  • 1950Charles Koechlin, French composer and educator (b. 1867)
  • 1953Albert Plesman, Dutch businessman, founded KLM (b. 1889)
  • 1964Bobby Byrne, American baseball and soccer player (b. 1884)
  • 1964 – Ólafur Thors, Icelandic lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1892)
  • 1964 – Henry Maitland Wilson, English field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1968George Lewis, American clarinet player and composer (b. 1900)
  • 1972Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and soldier (b. 1934)
  • 1972 – Henry Gerber, German-American activist, founded the Society for Human Rights (b. 1892)
  • 1978Basil Wolverton, American illustrator (b. 1909)
  • 1980Marshall McLuhan, Canadian philosopher and theorist (b. 1911)
  • 1980 – Raoul Walsh, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1887)
  • 1983Sevim Burak, Turkish author and playwright (b. 1931)
  • 1985Ricky Nelson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1940)
  • 1987Jerry Turner, American journalist (b. 1929)
  • 1988Nicolas Calas, Greek-American poet and critic (b. 1907)
  • 1990George Allen, American football player and coach (b. 1918)
  • 1990 – Vasily Lazarev, Russian physician, colonel, and astronaut (b. 1928)
  • 1990 – Giovanni Michelucci, Italian architect and urban planner, designed the Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station (b. 1891)
  • 1993Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Georgian anthropologist and politician, 1st President of Georgia (b. 1939)
  • 1994Woody Strode, American football player, wrestler, and actor (b. 1914)
  • 1996Wesley Addy, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1997Floyd Cramer, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Billie Dove, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1998Ted Glossop, Australian rugby league player and coach (b. 1934)
  • 1999Elliot Richardson, American lawyer and politician, 69th United States Attorney General (b. 1920)
  • 2000Alan Cranston, American journalist and politician (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – José Greco, Italian-American dancer and choreographer (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane, American-Israeli rabbi and scholar (b. 1966)
  • 2001Eileen Heckart, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2002Kevin MacMichael, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1951)
  • 2003Arthur R. von Hippel German-American physicist and author (b. 1898)
  • 2004Gérard Debreu, French economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1921)
  • 2005Enrico Di Giuseppe, American tenor and educator (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Phillip Whitehead, English screenwriter, producer, and politician (b. 1937)
  • 2006Seymour Martin Lipset, American sociologist, author, and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – George Sisler, Jr., American businessman (b. 1917)
  • 2007Roy Amara, American scientific researcher (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Michael Goldberg, American painter and educator (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Bill Idelson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Milton L. Klein, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1910)
  • 2007 – Ettore Sottsass, Austrian-Italian architect and designer (b. 1917)
  • 2008Donald E. Westlake, American author and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2009Cahal Daly, Irish cardinal and philosopher (b. 1917)
  • 2009 – Justin Keating, Irish surgeon, journalist, and politician, Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation (b. 1930)
  • 2010Raymond Impanis, Belgian cyclist (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Per Oscarsson, Swedish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2012Peter Ebert, English director and producer (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Tarak Mekki, Tunisian businessman and politician (b. 1958)
  • 2012 – Jovette Marchessault, Canadian author and playwright (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Günter Rössler, German photographer and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2013James Avery, American actor (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – Roberto Ciotti, Italian guitarist and composer (b. 1953)
  • 2013 – Bob Grant, American radio host (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Irina Korschunow, German author and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2014Edward Herrmann, American actor (b. 1943)
  • 2014 – Abdullah Hussain, Malaysian author (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – Norm Phelps, American author and activist (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – S. Arthur Spiegel, American captain, lawyer, and judge (b. 1920)
  • 2014 – Valerian Wellesley, 8th Duke of Wellington, British soldier and politician (b. 1915)
  • 2015Natalie Cole, American singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Marvin Panch, American race car driver (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Wayne Rogers, American actor and investor (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Beth Howland, American actress (b. 1941)
  • 2016 – William Christopher, American actor (b. 1932)


Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Pope Sylvester I (Catholic Church)
    • December 31 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • International Solidarity Day (Azerbaijan)
  • New Year's Eve (International observance), and its related observances:
    • First Night (United States)
    • Last Day of the Year or Bisperás ng Bagong Taón, special holiday between Rizal Day and New Year's Day (Philippines)
    • Ōmisoka (Japan)
    • The first day of Hogmanay or "Auld Year's Night" (Scotland)
    • Novy God Eve (Russia)
  • The seventh of the Twelve Days of Christmas (Western Christianity)
  • The sixth day of Kwanzaa (United States)

External links

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