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Events

  • 418 – A papal conclave begins, resulting in the election of Pope Boniface I.[1]
  • 457Majorian is acclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire and recognized by Emperor Leo I the Thracian.
  • 484Alaric II succeeds his father Euric and becomes king of the Visigoths. He establishes his capital at Aire-sur-l'Adour (Southern Gaul).
  • 893 – An earthquake destroys the city of Dvin, Armenia.
  • 1065Edward the Confessor's Romanesque monastic church at Westminster Abbey is consecrated.[2]
  • 1308 – The reign of Emperor Hanazono of Japan begins.
  • 1659 – The Marathas defeat the Adilshahi forces in the Battle of Kolhapur.
  • 1768 – King Taksin's coronation achieved through conquest as a king of Thailand and established Thonburi as a capital.
  • 1795 – Construction of Yonge Street, formerly recognized as the longest street in the world, begins in York, Upper Canada (present-day Toronto).
  • 1832John C. Calhoun becomes the first Vice President of the United States to resign.
  • 1835Osceola leads his Seminole warriors in Florida into the Second Seminole War against the United States Army.
  • 1836South Australia and Adelaide are founded.
  • 1836 – Spain recognizes the independence of Mexico with the signing of the Santa María–Calatrava Treaty.
  • 1846Iowa is admitted as the 29th U.S. state.
  • 1879Tay Bridge disaster: The central part of the Tay Rail Bridge in Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom collapses as a train passes over it, killing 75.
  • 1885Indian National Congress, a political party of India, is founded in Bombay Presidency, British India.
  • 1895 – The Lumière brothers perform for their first paying audience at the Grand Cafe in Boulevard des Capucines.
  • 1895 – Wilhelm Röntgen publishes a paper detailing his discovery of a new type of radiation, which later will be known as x-rays.
  • 1902 – The Syracuse Athletic Club defeated the New York Philadelphians, 5–0, in the first indoor professional football game, which was held at Madison Square Garden.
  • 1908 – The 7.1 Template:M Messina earthquake shakes Southern Italy with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme), killing between 75,000 and 200,000.
  • 1912 – The first municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco.
  • 1918Constance Markievicz, while detained in Holloway prison, became the first woman to be elected MP to the British House of Commons.
  • 1941World War II: Operation Anthropoid, the plot to assassinate high-ranking Nazi officer Reinhard Heydrich, commences.
  • 1943 – Soviet authorities launch Operation Ulussy, beginning the deportation of the Kalmyk nation to Siberia and Central Asia.
  • 1943 – World War II: After eight days of brutal house-to-house fighting, the Battle of Ortona concludes with the victory of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division over the German 1st Parachute Division and the capture of the Italian town of Ortona.
  • 1944Maurice Richard becomes the first player to score eight points in one game of NHL ice hockey.
  • 1948 – The DC-3 airliner NC16002 disappears 50 miles south of Miami.
  • 1956Chin Peng, David Marshall and Tunku Abdul Rahman meet in Baling, Malaya to try and resolve the Malayan Emergency situation.
  • 1958"Greatest Game Ever Played": Baltimore Colts defeat the New York Giants in the first ever National Football League sudden death overtime game at New York's Yankee Stadium.
  • 1973 – The United States Endangered Species Act is signed into law by Pres. Richard Nixon.
  • 1989 – A magnitude 5.6 earthquake hits Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, killing 13 people.
  • 2006War in Somalia: The militaries of Somalia's Transitional Federal Government and Ethiopian troops capture Mogadishu unopposed.
  • 2009Forty-three people die in a suicide bombing in Karachi, Pakistan, where Shia Muslims are observing the Day of Ashura.
  • 2014Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501 crashes into the Karimata Strait en route from Surabaya to Singapore, killing all 162 people aboard.
  • 2014 – Nine people die and another 19 are reported missing, when the MS Norman Atlantic catches fire in the Strait of Otranto, in the Adriatic Sea, in Italian waters.

Births

  • 1164Emperor Rokujō of Japan (d. 1176)
  • 1461Louise of Savoy, French nun (d. 1503)
  • 1510Nicholas Bacon, English politician (d. 1579)
  • 1522Margaret of Parma (d. 1583)
  • 1535Martin Eisengrein, German theologian (d. 1578)
  • 1619Antoine Furetière, French author and scholar (d. 1688)
  • 1635Elizabeth Stuart, second daughter of King Charles I of England (d. 1650)
  • 1651Johann Krieger, German organist and composer (d. 1735)
  • 1655Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk (d. 1698)
  • 1665George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire (d. 1716)
  • 1722Eliza Lucas, Caribbean-American agriculturalist (d. 1793)
  • 1763John Molson, English-Canadian brewer, founded the Molson Brewery (d. 1836)
  • 1775Jean-Gabriel Eynard, Swiss banker and photographer (d. 1863)
  • 1789Catharine Maria Sedgwick, American novelist of "domestic fiction" (d. 1867)[3]
  • 1798Thomas Henderson, Scottish astronomer and mathematician (d. 1844)
  • 1818Carl Remigius Fresenius, German chemist and academic (d. 1897)
  • 1842Calixa Lavallée, Canadian-American lieutenant and composer (d. 1891)
  • 1856Woodrow Wilson, American historian and politician, 28th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1924)
  • 1865Félix Vallotton, Swiss/French painter (d. 1925)
  • 1870Charles Bennett, English runner (d. 1949)
  • 1882Arthur Eddington, English astronomer, physicist, and mathematician (d. 1944)
  • 1882 – Lili Elbe, Danish model and painter (d. 1931)
  • 1887Werner Kolhörster, German physicist and academic (d. 1946)
  • 1888F. W. Murnau, German-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1931)
  • 1890Quincy Wright, American political scientist, historian, and academic (d. 1970)
  • 1895Carol Ryrie Brink, American author and playwright (d. 1981)
  • 1898Carl-Gustaf Rossby, Swedish-American meteorologist and academic (d. 1957)
  • 1898 – Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (d. 1947)
  • 1902Mortimer J. Adler, American philosopher and author (d. 2001)
  • 1902 – Shen Congwen, Chinese author and educator (d. 1988)
  • 1903Earl Hines, American pianist and bandleader (d. 1983)
  • 1903 – John von Neumann, Hungarian-American mathematician and physicist (d. 1957)
  • 1907Ze'ev Ben-Haim, Ukrainian-Israeli linguist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1908Lew Ayres, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1910Billy Williams, American singer (d. 1972)
  • 1911Wil van Beveren, Dutch sprinter and journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1913Lou Jacobi, Canadian-American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1914Bidia Dandaron, Russian author and educator (d. 1974)
  • 1914 – Pops Staples, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2000)
  • 1917Ellis Clarke, Trinidadian politician, 1st President of Trinidad and Tobago (d. 2010)
  • 1919Emily Cheney Neville, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1920Tufty Mann, South African cricketer (d. 1952)
  • 1920 – Bruce McCarty, American architect, designed the Knoxville City-County Building (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Steve Van Buren, Honduran-American football player (d. 2012)
  • 1920 – Al Wistert, American football player and coach (d. 2016)
  • 1921Johnny Otis, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1922Stan Lee, American publisher, producer, and actor (d. 2018)
  • 1924Girma Wolde-Giorgis, Ethiopian politician; President of Ethiopia (d. 2018)
  • 1925Hildegard Knef, German actress and singer (d. 2002)
  • 1925 – Milton Obote, Ugandan engineer and politician, 2nd President of Uganda (d. 2005)
  • 1926Donald Carr, German-English cricketer and referee (d. 2016)
  • 1928Moe Koffman, Canadian flute player, saxophonist, and composer (d. 2001)
  • 1929Brian Redhead, English journalist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1929 – Terry Sawchuk, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 1970)
  • 1930Mariam A. Aleem, Egyptian illustrator and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1931Guy Debord, French theorist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1931 – Martin Milner, American actor (d. 2015)
  • 1932Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian businessman, founded Reliance Industries (d. 2002)
  • 1932 – Dorsey Burnette, American singer-songwriter (d. 1979)
  • 1932 – Roy Hattersley, English journalist and politician, Shadow Home Secretary
  • 1932 – Harry Howell, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2019)
  • 1932 – Nichelle Nichols, American actress
  • 1932 – Manuel Puig, Argentinian author and playwright (d. 1990)
  • 1933John Y. Brown Jr., American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 55th Governor of Kentucky
  • 1934Rudi Faßnacht, German footballer and manager (d. 2000)
  • 1934 – Maggie Smith, English actress
  • 1934 – Chieko Aioi, Japanese actress and voice actress (d. 2013)
  • 1936Alan Coleman, English-Australian director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1936 – Lawrence Schiller, American journalist, director, and producer
  • 1937Ratan Tata, Indian businessman and philanthropist
  • 1938Dick Sudhalter, American trumpet player, scholar, and critic (d. 2008)
  • 1939Philip Anschutz, American businessman, founded Anschutz Entertainment Group
  • 1939 – Frank McLintock, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1939 – Michelle Urry, American journalist and illustrator (d. 2006)
  • 1940A. K. Antony, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of Defence
  • 1940 – Don Francisco, Chilean-American journalist and talk show host
  • 1941Intikhab Alam, Indian-Pakistani cricketer and coach
  • 1942Roger Swerts, Belgian cyclist
  • 1943Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne, Peruvian cardinal
  • 1943 – David Peterson, Canadian lawyer and politician, 20th Premier of Ontario
  • 1943 – Joan Ruddock, Welsh politician
  • 1944Sandra Faber, American astronomer and academic
  • 1944 – Johnny Isakson, American sergeant and politician
  • 1944 – Kary Mullis, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2019)
  • 1944 – Gordon Taylor, English footballer
  • 1945Birendra, King of Nepal (d. 2001)
  • 1945 – Max Hastings, English journalist, historian, and author
  • 1946Mike Beebe, American lawyer and politician, 45th Governor of Arkansas
  • 1946 – Pierre Falardeau, Canadian director, screenwriter, and activist (d. 2009)
  • 1946 – Hubert Green, American golfer (d. 2018)
  • 1946 – Tim Johnson, American lawyer and politician
  • 1946 – Barbara, Lady Judge, American-English lawyer and businesswoman
  • 1946 – Bill Lee, American baseball player and author
  • 1946 – Laffit Pincay Jr., Panamanian jockey
  • 1946 – Edgar Winter, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1947Dick Diamonde, Dutch-Australian rock bass player
  • 1947 – Aurelio Rodríguez, Mexican baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2000)
  • 1948Ziggy Modeliste, American drummer
  • 1950Alex Chilton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2010)
  • 1950 – Clifford Cocks, English mathematician and cryptographer
  • 1950 – Rainer Maria Latzke, German-American painter and academic
  • 1952Arun Jaitley, Indian lawyer and politician, 9th Indian Minister of Law and Justice (d. 2019)
  • 1952 – Bridget Prentice, Scottish educator and politician
  • 1953Richard Clayderman, French pianist
  • 1953 – Tatsumi Fujinami, Japanese wrestler and promoter, founded Dradition wrestling promotion
  • 1953 – Charlie Pierce, American journalist and author
  • 1953 – Martha Wash, American singer-songwriter
  • 1954Gayle King, American television journalist
  • 1954 – Denzel Washington, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1955Stephen Frost, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Liu Xiaobo, Chinese author, academic, and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
  • 1956Nigel Kennedy, English violinist
  • 1958Terry Butcher, English footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Curt Byrum, American golfer
  • 1958 – Zoran Gajić, Serbian volleyball trainer
  • 1959Hansjörg Kunze, German runner and sportscaster
  • 1959 – Daniel Léo Simpson, American composer
  • 1959 – Ana Torroja, Spanish singer-songwriter
  • 1960Ray Bourque, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – John Fitzgerald, Australian tennis player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Melvin Turpin, American basketball player (d. 2010)
  • 1961Kent Nielsen, Danish footballer and manager
  • 1962Michel Petrucciani, French jazz pianist (d. 1999)
  • 1964Tex Perkins, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Maite Zúñiga, Spanish runner
  • 1965Allar Levandi, Estonian skier
  • 1967Chris Ware, American illustrator
  • 1968Akihiko Hoshide, Japanese engineer and astronaut
  • 1969Linus Torvalds, Finnish-American computer programmer, developed Linux kernel
  • 1970Elaine Hendrix, American actress
  • 1970 – James Jett, American sprinter and football player
  • 1970 – Brenda Schultz-McCarthy, Dutch tennis player
  • 1971Benny Agbayani, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Sergi Barjuán, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Anita Doth, Dutch singer-songwriter
  • 1971 – William Gates, American basketball player
  • 1972Roberto Palacios, Peruvian footballer
  • 1972 – Patrick Rafter, Australian-Bermudian tennis player and model
  • 1972 – Adam Vinatieri, American football player
  • 1973Holger Blume, German sprinter
  • 1973 – Marc Blume, German sprinter
  • 1973 – Seth Meyers, American actor, producer, screenwriter, and talk show host
  • 1973 – Ids Postma, Dutch speed skater
  • 1974Jocelyn Enriquez, American singer
  • 1974 – Rob Niedermayer, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Markus Weinzierl, German footballer and manager
  • 1975B. J. Ryan, American baseball player
  • 1976Ben Tune, Australian rugby player
  • 1976 – Igor Žiković, Croatian footballer
  • 1976 – Trond Nymark, Norwegian race walker
  • 1977Derrick Brew, American sprinter
  • 1977 – Shane Elford, Australian rugby league player
  • 1977 – Seun Ogunkoya, Nigerian sprinter
  • 1978Chris Coyne, Australian footballer and manager
  • 1978 – John Legend, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor
  • 1979James Blake, American tennis player
  • 1979 – Zach Hill, American musician and artist
  • 1979 – Senna Guemmour, German singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Bill Hall, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Noomi Rapace, Swedish actress
  • 1980Lomana LuaLua, Congolese footballer
  • 1980 – Ryta Turava, Belarusian race walker
  • 1981Narsha, South Korean singer and dancer
  • 1981 – Khalid Boulahrouz, Dutch footballer
  • 1981 – Elizabeth Jordan Carr, American journalist
  • 1981 – Sienna Miller, American-born British actress and fashion designer
  • 1981 – Frank Turner, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1981 – Mika Väyrynen, Finnish footballer
  • 1982Cedric Benson, American football player (d. 2019)
  • 1982 – François Gourmet, Belgian decathlete
  • 1982 – Ferry Rotinsulu, Indonesian footballer
  • 1982 – Curtis Glencross, Canadian hockey player
  • 1984Martin Kaymer, German golfer
  • 1984 – Duane Solomon, American runner
  • 1985Kamani Hill, American soccer player
  • 1986Tom Huddlestone, English footballer
  • 1987Matthias Schwarz, German footballer
  • 1989Salvador Sobral, Portuguese singer and Eurovision winner
  • 1990Ayele Abshero, Ethiopian runner
  • 1990 – Bastiaan Lijesen, Dutch swimmer
  • 1990 – David Archuleta, American singer-songwriter
  • 1994Adam Peaty, English swimmer

Deaths

  • 925Wang Zongbi, general of the Chinese state of Former Shu
  • 1218Robert II, Count of Dreux (b. 1154)
  • 1297Hugh Aycelin, French cardinal (b. 1230)
  • 1326Sir David II Strathbogie, Earl of Atholl, Constable of Scotland, and Chief Warden of Northumberland
  • 1367Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shōgun (b. 1330)
  • 1394Maria Angelina Doukaina Palaiologina, queen of Epirus (b. 1350)
  • 1446Antipope Clement VIII (b. 1369)
  • 1491Bertoldo di Giovanni, Italian sculptor (b. c. 1435)
  • 1503Piero the Unfortunate, Italian ruler (b. 1471)
  • 1538Andrea Gritti, Doge of Venice (b. 1455)[4]
  • 1547Konrad Peutinger, German humanist and antiquarian (b. 1465)
  • 1558Hermann Finck, German organist and composer (b. 1527)
  • 1622Francis de Sales, French bishop and saint (b. 1567)
  • 1663Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1618)
  • 1671Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German scholar and critic (b. 1611)
  • 1694Mary II of England (b. 1662)
  • 1703Mustafa II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1664)
  • 1706Pierre Bayle, French philosopher and author (b. 1647)
  • 1708Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, French botanist and mycologist (b. 1656)
  • 1715William Carstares, Scottish minister and academic (b. 1649)[5]
  • 1734Rob Roy MacGregor, Scottish outlaw (b. 1671)
  • 1736Antonio Caldara, Italian composer (b. 1670)
  • 1785Peter Ernst Wilde, Polish-Estonian physician and journalist (b. 1732)
  • 1795Eugenio Espejo, Ecuadorian physician and lawyer (b. 1747)
  • 1859Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, English historian and politician, Secretary at War (b. 1800)
  • 1872James Van Ness, American lawyer and politician, 7th Mayor of San Francisco (b. 1808)
  • 1890Dennis Miller Bunker, American painter (b. 1861)
  • 1897William Corby, American priest and academic (b. 1833)
  • 1900Alexandre de Serpa Pinto, Portuguese soldier and explorer (b. 1846)
  • 1907Louise Granberg, Swedish playwright (b. 1812)[6]
  • 1913Ahmet Mithat Efendi, Turkish journalist and translator (b. 1844)
  • 1916Eduard Strauss, Austrian violinist and composer (b. 1835)
  • 1917Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian captain and pilot (b. 1892)
  • 1918Olavo Bilac, Brazilian poet and journalist (b. 1865)
  • 1919Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist and academic (b. 1854)
  • 1924Léon Bakst, Russian painter and costume designer (b. 1866)
  • 1932Jack Blackham, Australian cricketer (b. 1854)
  • 1935Clarence Day, American author and illustrator (b. 1874)
  • 1937Maurice Ravel, French pianist and composer (b. 1875)
  • 1938Florence Lawrence, Canadian actress (b. 1886)
  • 1942Alfred Flatow, German gymnast (b. 1869)
  • 1943Steve Evans, American baseball player (b. 1885)
  • 1945Theodore Dreiser, American novelist and journalist (b. 1871)
  • 1946Elie Nadelman, Polish-American sculptor (b. 1882)
  • 1947Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (b. 1869)
  • 1949Jack Lovelock, New Zealand runner and soldier (b. 1910)
  • 1959Ante Pavelić, Croatian fascist dictator during World War II (b. 1889)
  • 1960Philippe Panneton, Canadian physician, academic, and diplomat (b. 1895)
  • 1963Paul Hindemith, German violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1895)
  • 1967Katharine McCormick, American biologist and philanthropist (b. 1875)
  • 1968David Ogilvy, 12th Earl of Airlie, Scottish peer, soldier and courtier (b. 1893)
  • 1971Max Steiner, Austrian-American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1888)
  • 1976Katharine Byron, American politician (b. 1903)
  • 1981Allan Dwan, Canadian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1885)
  • 1983William Demarest, American actor (b. 1892)
  • 1983 – Dennis Wilson, American drummer, songwriter, and producer (b. 1944)
  • 1984Sam Peckinpah, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 1984 – Mary Stewart, Baroness Stewart of Alvechurch, British politician and educator (b. 1903)
  • 1986John D. MacDonald, American colonel and author (b. 1916)
  • 1986 – Jan Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter (b. 1922)
  • 1989Hermann Oberth, Romanian-German physicist and engineer (b. 1894)
  • 1990Warren Skaaren, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1946)
  • 1992Sal Maglie, American baseball player and coach (b. 1917)
  • 1993William L. Shirer, American journalist and historian (b. 1904)
  • 1994Jean-Louis Lévesque, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1911)
  • 1999Clayton Moore, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2001Samuel Abraham Goldblith, American lieutenant, biologist, and engineer (b. 1919)
  • 2001 – William X. Kienzle, American priest and author (b. 1928)
  • 2003Benjamin Thurman Hacker, American admiral (b. 1935)
  • 2004Jerry Orbach, American actor and singer (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – Susan Sontag, American novelist, essayist, critic, and playwright (b. 1933)
  • 2006Jamal Karimi-Rad, Iranian politician, Iranian Minister of Justice (b. 1956)
  • 2008Irene Lieblich, Polish-American painter and illustrator (b. 1923)
  • 2009Jimmy Sullivan, American musician, composer and songwriter. Known by his stage name The Rev (b. 1981)
  • 2010Billy Taylor, American pianist and composer (b. 1921)
  • 2012Nicholas Ambraseys, Greek-English seismologist and engineer (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Mark Crispin, American computer scientist and academic, designed the IMAP (b. 1956)
  • 2012 – Václav Drobný, Czech footballer (b. 1980)
  • 2012 – Frankie Walsh, Irish hurler and manager (b. 1936)
  • 2013Halton Arp, American-German astronomer and critic (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Esther Borja, Cuban soprano and actress (b. 1913)
  • 2013 – Harry C. Goode Jr., American soldier and politician, 51st Mayor of Melbourne, Florida (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Andrew Jacobs, Jr., American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Alfred Marshall, American businessman, founded Marshalls (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Joseph Ruskin, American actor and producer (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Ilya Tsymbalar, Ukrainian-Russian footballer and manager (b. 1969)
  • 2014Vahan Hovhannisyan, Armenian politician (b. 1956)
  • 2014 – Frankie Randall, American singer-songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Leelah Alcorn, American transgender teenager (b. 1997)
  • 2015John Bradbury, English drummer and songwriter (b. 1953)
  • 2015 – Eloy Inos, Mariana Islander businessman and politician, 8th Governor of the Northern Mariana Islands (b. 1949)
  • 2015 – Lemmy, English musician, singer, and songwriter (b. 1945)
  • 2016Debbie Reynolds, American actress, singer and dancer (b. 1932)
  • 2016 – Jean-Christophe Victor, French political scientist (b. 1947)
  • 2017Rose Marie, American actress and comedienne (b. 1923)[7]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abel (Coptic Church)
    • Caterina Volpicelli
    • Feast of the Holy Innocents or Childermas; in Spain and Latin American countries the festival is celebrated with pranks (inocentadas), similar to April Fools' Day (Catholic Church, Church of England, Lutheran Church), and its related observances:
      • Els Enfarinats (Ibi, Spain)
    • Simon the Athonite
    • December 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • King Taksin Memorial Day (Thailand)
  • Proclamation Day (South Australia), celebration started on the day following Christmas (South Australia)
  • Republic Day (South Sudan)
  • The fourth of the Twelve Days of Christmas (Western Christianity)

References

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External links

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