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Events

  • 537 – The construction of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is completed.
  • 1512 – The Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the conduct of settlers with regard to native Indians in the New World.
  • 1521 – The Zwickau prophets arrive in Wittenberg, disturbing the peace and preaching the Apocalypse.
  • 1655Second Northern War/the Deluge: Monks at the Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa are successful in fending off a month-long siege.
  • 1657 – The Flushing Remonstrance articulates for the first time in North American history that freedom of religion is a fundamental right.
  • 1703 – Portugal and England sign the Methuen Treaty which gives preference to Portuguese imported wines into England.
  • 1814War of 1812: The American schooner Template:Ship is destroyed. It was the last of Commodore Daniel Patterson's makeshift fleet that fought a series of delaying actions that contributed to Andrew Jackson's victory at the Battle of New Orleans.
  • 1831Charles Darwin embarks on his journey aboard Template:HMS, during which he will begin to formulate his theory of evolution.
  • 1836 – The worst ever avalanche in England occurs at Lewes, Sussex, killing eight people.
  • 1845Ether anesthetic is used for childbirth for the first time by Dr. Crawford Long in Jefferson, Georgia.
  • 1845 – Journalist John L. O'Sullivan, writing in his newspaper the New York Morning News, argues that the United States had the right to claim the entire Oregon Country "by the right of our manifest destiny".
  • 1911 – "Jana Gana Mana", the national anthem of India, is first sung in the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress.
  • 1918 – The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.
  • 1922Template:Ship becomes the first purpose built aircraft carrier to be commissioned in the world.
  • 1927 – Kern and Hammerstein's musical play Show Boat, considered to be the first true American musical play, opens at the Ziegfeld Theatre on Broadway.
  • 1929Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin orders the "liquidation of the kulaks as a class".
  • 1932Radio City Music Hall, "Showplace of the Nation", opens in New York City.
  • 1935Regina Jonas is ordained as the first female rabbi in the history of Judaism.
  • 1939 – The 7.8 Template:M Erzincan earthquake shakes eastern Turkey with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). At least 32,700 people were killed.
  • 1939 – Winter War: Finland holds off a Soviet attack in the Battle of Kelja.
  • 1945 – The International Monetary Fund is created with the signing of an agreement by 29 nations.
  • 1949Indonesian National Revolution: The Netherlands officially recognizes Indonesian independence. End of the Dutch East Indies.
  • 1966 – The Cave of Swallows, the largest known cave shaft in the world, is discovered in Aquismón, San Luis Potosí, Mexico.
  • 1968Apollo program: Apollo 8 splashes down in the Pacific Ocean, ending the first orbital manned mission to the Moon.
  • 1978 – Spain becomes a democracy after 40 years of fascist dictatorship.
  • 1979 – The Soviet Union invades the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
  • 1983Pope John Paul II visits Mehmet Ali Ağca in Rebibbia's prison and personally forgives him for the 1981 attack on him in St. Peter's Square.
  • 1985Palestinian guerrillas kill eighteen people inside the airports of Rome, Italy, and Vienna, Austria.
  • 1989 – The Romanian Revolution concludes, as the last minor street confrontations and stray shootings abruptly end in the country's capital, Bucharest.
  • 1996Taliban forces retake the strategic Bagram Airfield which solidifies their buffer zone around Kabul, Afghanistan.
  • 1997 – Protestant paramilitary leader Billy Wright is assassinated in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.
  • 2002Two truck bombs kill 72 and wound 200 at the pro-Moscow headquarters of the Chechen government in Grozny, Chechnya, Russia.
  • 2004Radiation from an explosion on the magnetar SGR 1806-20 reaches Earth. It is the brightest extrasolar event known to have been witnessed on the planet.
  • 2007 – Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto is assassinated in a shooting incident.
  • 2007 – Riots erupt in Mombasa, Kenya, after Mwai Kibaki is declared the winner of the presidential election, triggering a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis.
  • 2008Operation Cast Lead: Israel launches 3-week operation on Gaza.
  • 2009Iranian election protests: On the Day of Ashura in Tehran, Iran, government security forces fire upon demonstrators.

Births

  • 1350John I of Aragon (d. 1395)
  • 1390Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (d. 1411)
  • 1459John I Albert (d. 1501)
  • 1481Casimir, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, Margrave of Bayreuth (d. 1527)
  • 1493Johann Pfeffinger, German theologian (d. 1573)
  • 1566Jan Jesenius, Bohemian physician, politician and philosopher (d. 1621)
  • 1571Johannes Kepler, German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer (d. 1630)
  • 1572Johannes Vodnianus Campanus, Czech poet, playwright, and composer (d. 1622)
  • 1584Philipp Julius, Duke of Pomerania (d. 1625)
  • 1595Bohdan Khmelnytsky, hetman of Ukraine (d. 1657)
  • 1683Conyers Middleton, English priest and theologian (d. 1750)
  • 1714George Whitefield, English preacher and saint (d. 1770)
  • 1715Philippe de Noailles, French general (d. 1794)
  • 1721François Hemsterhuis, Dutch philosopher and author (d. 1790)
  • 1761Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, Russian field marshal and politician, Governor-General of Finland (d. 1818)
  • 1773George Cayley, English engineer and politician (d. 1857)
  • 1776Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1811)
  • 1797Ghalib, Indian poet (d. 1869)
  • 1797 – Charles Hodge, American theologian (d. 1878)
  • 1803François-Marie-Thomas Chevalier de Lorimier, Canadian activist (d. 1839)
  • 1809Alexandros Rizos Rangavis, Greek poet and politician, Foreign Minister of Greece (d. 1892)
  • 1822Louis Pasteur, French chemist and microbiologist (d. 1895)
  • 1823Mackenzie Bowell, English-Canadian journalist and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1917)
  • 1827Stanisław Mieroszewski, Polish-born politician, writer, historian and member of the Imperial Council of Austria (d. 1900)[1]
  • 1832Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and philanthropist, founded the Tretyakov Gallery (d. 1897)
  • 1858Juan Luis Sanfuentes, Chilean lawyer and politician, 17th President of Chile (d. 1930)
  • 1863Louis Lincoln Emmerson, American lawyer and politician, 27th Governor of Illinois (d. 1941)
  • 1864Hermann-Paul, French painter and illustrator (d. 1940)
  • 1879Sydney Greenstreet, English-American actor (d. 1954)
  • 1883Cyrus S. Eaton, Canadian-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1979)
  • 1888Thea von Harbou, German actress, director, and screenwriter (d. 1954)
  • 1892Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian captain and pilot (d. 1917)
  • 1896Louis Bromfield, American author and theorist (d. 1956)
  • 1896 – Maurice De Waele, Belgian cyclist (d. 1952)
  • 1896 – Carl Zuckmayer, German author and playwright (d. 1977)
  • 1898Inejiro Asanuma, Japanese politician (d. 1960)
  • 1900Hans Stuck, German race car driver (d. 1978)
  • 1901Marlene Dietrich, German-American actress and singer (d. 1992)
  • 1901 – Irene Handl, English actress (d. 1987)
  • 1904René Bonnet, French race car driver and engineer (d. 1983)
  • 1905Cliff Arquette, American actor and comedian (d. 1974)
  • 1906Oscar Levant, American pianist, composer, and actor (d. 1972)
  • 1907Asaf Halet Çelebi, Turkish poet (d. 1958)
  • 1907 – Sebastian Haffner, German journalist and author (d. 1999)
  • 1907 – Mary Howard, English author (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Conrad L. Raiford, American baseball player and activist (d. 2002)
  • 1907 – Willem van Otterloo, Dutch conductor and composer (d. 1978)
  • 1909James Riddell, English skier and author (d. 2000)
  • 1910Charles Olson, American poet and educator (d. 1970)
  • 1911Anna Russell, English-Canadian singer and actress (d. 2006)
  • 1915William Masters, American gynecologist, author, and academic (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Gyula Zsengellér, Hungarian-Cypriot footballer and manager (d. 1999)
  • 1916Werner Baumbach, German pilot (d. 1953)
  • 1916 – Cathy Lewis, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1917Buddy Boudreaux, American saxophonist and clarinet player (d. 2015)
  • 1917 – T. Nadaraja, Sri Lankan lawyer and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Onni Palaste, Finnish soldier and author (d. 2009)
  • 1918 – John Celardo, American captain and illustrator (d. 2012)
  • 1919 – Charles Sweeney, American general and pilot (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Bruce Hobbs, American jockey and trainer (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – John Whitworth, English countertenor (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Bruno Bobak, Polish-Canadian painter and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Lucas Mangope, South African politician (d. 2018)
  • 1924 – Jean Bartik, American computer scientist and engineer (d. 2011)
  • 1924 – James A. McClure, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1925 – Michel Piccoli, French actor, singer, director, and producer (d. 2020)
  • 1926 – Jerome Courtland, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1927Antony Gardner, English engineer and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1927 – Nityanand Swami, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Uttarakhand (d. 2012)
  • 1927 – Audrey Wagner, American baseball player, obstetrician, and gynecologist (d. 1984)
  • 1930Marshall Sahlins, American anthropologist and academic
  • 1930 – Wilfrid Sheed, English-born American novelist and essayist (d. 2011)
  • 1931Scotty Moore, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1933Dave Marr, American golfer (d. 1997)
  • 1934Larisa Latynina, Ukrainian gymnast and coach
  • 1934 – Jeffrey Sterling, Baron Sterling of Plaistow, English businessman
  • 1935Michael Turnbull, English bishop
  • 1936Phil Sharpe, English cricketer (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – Eve Uusmees, Estonian swimmer and coach
  • 1939John Amos, American actor
  • 1940David Shepherd, English cricketer and umpire (d. 2009)
  • 1941Miles Aiken, American basketball player and coach
  • 1941 – Mike Pinder, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1941 – Nolan Richardson, American basketball player and coach
  • 1942Byron Browne, American baseball player
  • 1942 – Thomas Menino, American politician, 53rd Mayor of Boston (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Ron Rothstein, American basketball player and coach
  • 1943Cokie Roberts, American journalist and author (d. 2019)
  • 1943 – Joan Manuel Serrat, Spanish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – Peter Sinfield, English songwriter and producer
  • 1943 – Roy White, American baseball player and coach
  • 1944Mick Jones, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Foreigner)
  • 1946Lenny Kaye, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1946 – Joe Kinnear, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1946 – Janet Street-Porter, English journalist and producer
  • 1946 – Polly Toynbee, English journalist and author[2]
  • 1947Bill Eadie, American wrestler and coach
  • 1947 – Doug Livermore, English footballer and manager
  • 1947 – Osman Pamukoğlu, Turkish general and politician
  • 1947 – Willy Polleunis, Belgian runner
  • 1948Gérard Depardieu, French-Russian actor[3]
  • 1949Terry Ito, Japanese director, producer, and critic
  • 1950Haris Alexiou, Greek singer-songwriter
  • 1950 – Roberto Bettega, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1950 – Terry Bozzio, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1951Ernesto Zedillo, Mexican economist and politician, 54th President of Mexico[4]
  • 1952Tovah Feldshuh, American actress, singer, and playwright
  • 1952 – Jay Hill, Canadian farmer and politician
  • 1952 – David Knopfler, Scottish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1954Edmund Zagorski, American convicted murderer (d. 2018)
  • 1954 – Mandie Fletcher, English director, producer, and production manager
  • 1954 – Teo Chee Hean, Singaporean politician and 5th Senior Minister of Singapore[5]
  • 1955Brad Murphey, American race car driver
  • 1955 – Barbara Olson, American journalist and author (d. 2001)
  • 1956Doina Melinte, Romanian runner
  • 1958Steve Jones, American golfer
  • 1959Gerina Dunwich, American astrologer, historian, and author
  • 1959 – Andre Tippett, American football player and coach
  • 1960Maryam d'Abo, English actress
  • 1960 – Donald Nally, American conductor and academic
  • 1960 – Terry Price, Australian golfer
  • 1961Guido Westerwelle, German lawyer and politician, 15th Vice-Chancellor of Germany (d. 2016)
  • 1962Mark Few, American basketball player and coach
  • 1962 – John Kampfner, Singaporean journalist and author
  • 1962 – Bill Self, American basketball player and coach
  • 1962 – Sherri Steinhauer, American golfer
  • 1963Gaspar Noé, Argentinian-French director and screenwriter
  • 1965Chris Mainwaring, Australian footballer and journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1965 – Salman Khan, Indian film actor and producer
  • 1966Marianne Elliott, English director and producer
  • 1966 – Bill Goldberg, American football player, wrestler and actor
  • 1966 – Eva LaRue, American model and actress
  • 1966 – Fabian Núñez, American politician
  • 1969Jean-Christophe Boullion, French race car driver
  • 1969 – Sarah Vowell, American author and journalist
  • 1969 – Chyna, American professional wrestler and actress (d. 2016)
  • 1970Brendon Cook, Australian race car driver and rugby player
  • 1970 – Lorenzo Neal, American football player and radio host
  • 1971Duncan Ferguson, Scottish footballer and coach
  • 1971 – Guthrie Govan, English guitarist and educator
  • 1971 – Savannah Guthrie, American television journalist
  • 1971 – Jason Hawes, American paranormal investigator and author, founded The Atlantic Paranormal Society
  • 1971 – Bryan Smolinski, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1972Colin Charvis, Welsh rugby union player and coach
  • 1972 – Kevin Ollie, American basketball player and coach
  • 1972 – Matt Slocum, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1973Kristoffer Zegers, Dutch pianist and composer
  • 1974Tomáš Janků, Czech high jumper
  • 1974 – Masi Oka, Japanese-American actor and visual effects designer
  • 1974 – Fumiko Orikasa, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1974 – Jay Pandolfo, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1975Aigars Fadejevs, Latvian race walker and therapist
  • 1975 – Kjell Eriksson, Swedish television personality
  • 1975 – Heather O'Rourke, American actress (d. 1988)
  • 1976Nikolaos Georgeas, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Piotr Morawski, Polish mountaineer (d. 2009)
  • 1976 – Daimí Pernía, Cuban basketball player and hurdler
  • 1976 – Fernando Pisani, Canadian-Italian ice hockey player
  • 1977Jacqueline Pillon, Canadian actress
  • 1977 – Chris Tate, English footballer
  • 1978Deuce McAllister, American football player
  • 1979Pascale Dorcelus, Canadian weightlifter[6]
  • 1979 – David Dunn, English footballer and manager
  • 1979 – Carson Palmer, American football player
  • 1980Bernard Berrian, American football player
  • 1980 – Cesaro, Swiss professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Dahntay Jones, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Meelis Kompus, Estonian journalist
  • 1981David Aardsma, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Emilie de Ravin, Australian actress
  • 1981 – Moise Joseph, American-Haitian runner
  • 1981 – Patrick Sharp, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982Erin E. Stead, American illustrator
  • 1983Anthony Boric, New Zealand rugby union player
  • 1983 – Cole Hamels, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Jesse Williams, American high jumper
  • 1984Andrejs Perepļotkins, Ukrainian-Latvian footballer
  • 1984 – Gilles Simon, French tennis player
  • 1985Logan Bailly, Belgian footballer
  • 1985 – Jérôme d'Ambrosio, Belgian race car driver
  • 1985 – Paul Stastny, Canadian-American ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Halley Gross, American screenwriter
  • 1986Torah Bright, Australian snowboarder
  • 1986 – Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce, Jamaican sprinter
  • 1987Tim Browne, Australian rugby league player
  • 1987 – Lily Cole, English model
  • 1988Hera Hilmar, Icelandic actress
  • 1988 – Zavon Hines, Jamaican-English footballer
  • 1988 – Ok Taec-yeon, South Korean singer and actor
  • 1988 – Rick Porcello, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Hayley Williams, American singer-songwriter
  • 1989Ingrid Várgas Calvo, Peruvian tennis player
  • 1990Max Lindholm, Finnish figure skater
  • 1990 – Milos Raonic, Canadian tennis player
  • 1990 – Jon Marchessault, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1991Michael Morgan, Australian rugby league player
  • 1991 – Danny Wilson, Scottish footballer
  • 1992Joel Indermitte, Estonian footballer
  • 1992 – Maicel Uibo, Estonian decathlete
  • 1993Olivia Cooke, English actress
  • 1995Timothée Chalamet, American actor
  • 1995 – Mark Lapidus, Estonian chess player
  • 1997Ana Konjuh, Croatian tennis player

Deaths

  • 683Gaozong of Tang, founding emperor of the Chinese Tang dynasty (b. 628)
  • 870Aeneas of Paris, Frankish bishop
  • 975Balderic, bishop of Utrecht (b. 897)
  • 1003Emma of Blois, French duchess and regent
  • 1005Nilus the Younger, Byzantine abbot (b. 910)
  • 1076Sviatoslav II, Grand Prince of Kiev (b. 1027)
  • 1087Bertha of Savoy, Holy Roman Empress (b. 1051)
  • 1381Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, English politician (b. 1352)
  • 1518Mahmood Shah Bahmani II, sultan of the Bahmani Sultanate (b. c. 1470)
  • 1543George, margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (b. 1484)
  • 1548Francesco Spiera, Italian lawyer and jurist (b. 1502)
  • 1603Thomas Cartwright, English minister and theologian (b. 1535)
  • 1656Andrew White, English Jesuit missionary (b. 1579)
  • 1704Hans Albrecht von Barfus, Prussian field marshal and politician (b. 1635)
  • 1707Jean Mabillon, French monk and scholar (b. 1632)
  • 1737William Bowyer, English printer (b. 1663)
  • 1743Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (b. 1659)
  • 1771Henri Pitot, French engineer, invented the Pitot tube (b. 1695)
  • 1776Johann Rall, Hessian colonel (b. c. 1726)
  • 1782Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish judge and philosopher (b. 1697)
  • 1800Hugh Blair, Scottish minister and author (b. 1718)
  • 1812Joanna Southcott, English religious leader (b. 1750)
  • 1834Charles Lamb, English essayist and poet (b. 1775)
  • 1836Stephen F. Austin, American soldier and politician (b. 1793)
  • 1858Alexandre Pierre François Boëly, French pianist and composer (b. 1785)
  • 1896John Brown, English businessman and politician (b. 1816)
  • 1900William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong, English engineer and businessman, founded Armstrong Whitworth (b. 1810)
  • 1914Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and engineer (b. 1863)
  • 1919Achilles Alferaki, Russian-Greek composer and politician, Governor of Taganrog (b. 1846)
  • 1923Gustave Eiffel, French architect and engineer, co-designed the Eiffel Tower (b. 1832)
  • 1924Agda Meyerson, Swedish nurse and healthcare activist (b. 1866)
  • 1936Mehmet Akif Ersoy, Turkish poet, academic, and politician (b. 1873)
  • 1938Calvin Bridges, American geneticist and academic (b. 1889)
  • 1938 – Osip Mandelstam, Polish-Russian poet and critic (b. 1891)
  • 1938 – Zona Gale, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright (b. 1874)
  • 1939Rinaldo Cuneo, American painter (b. 1877)
  • 1943Ants Kurvits, Estonian general and politician, 10th Estonian Minister of War (b. 1887)
  • 1950Max Beckmann, German-American painter and sculptor (b. 1884)
  • 1952Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian priest, author, and educator (b. 1878)
  • 1953Şükrü Saracoğlu, Turkish soldier and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1887)
  • 1953 – Julian Tuwim, Polish poet and author (b. 1894)
  • 1955Alfred Carpenter, English admiral, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1881)
  • 1956Lambert McKenna, Irish priest and lexicographer (b. 1870)
  • 1958Harry Warner, Polish-American film producer, co-founded Warner Bros. (b. 1881)
  • 1965Edgar Ende, German painter (b. 1901)
  • 1972Lester B. Pearson, Canadian historian and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Canada, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1974Vladimir Fock, Russian physicist and mathematician (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – Amy Vanderbilt, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1978Chris Bell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1951)
  • 1978 – Houari Boumediene, Algerian colonel and politician, 2nd President of Algeria (b. 1932)
  • 1978 – Bob Luman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1937)
  • 1979Hafizullah Amin, Afghan educator and politician, 2nd President of Afghanistan (b. 1929)
  • 1981Hoagy Carmichael, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (b. 1899)
  • 1982Jack Swigert, American pilot, astronaut, and politician (b. 1931)
  • 1985Jean Rondeau, French race car driver (b. 1946)
  • 1986George Dangerfield, English-American historian and journalist (b. 1904)
  • 1986 – Dumas Malone, American historian and author (b. 1892)
  • 1987Rewi Alley, New Zealand writer and political activist (b. 1897)[7]
  • 1988Hal Ashby, American director and producer (b. 1929)
  • 1992Kay Boyle, American novelist, poet, and educator (b. 1902)
  • 1993Feliks Kibbermann, Estonian chess player and philologist (b. 1902)
  • 1993 – Evald Mikson, Estonian footballer (b. 1911)
  • 1993 – André Pilette, Belgian race car driver (b. 1918)
  • 1994Fanny Cradock, English author and critic (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – J. B. L. Reyes, Filipino lawyer and jurist (b. 1902)
  • 1995Shura Cherkassky, Ukrainian-American pianist (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Genrikh Kasparyan, Armenian chess player and composer (b. 1910)
  • 1997Brendan Gill, American journalist and essayist (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Billy Wright, Northern Irish loyalist leader (b. 1960)
  • 1999Michael McDowell, American author and screenwriter (b. 1950)
  • 2002George Roy Hill, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2003Alan Bates, English actor (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Iván Calderón, Puerto Rican-American baseball player (b. 1962)
  • 2004Hank Garland, American guitarist (b. 1930)
  • 2007Benazir Bhutto, Pakistani financier and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1953)
  • 2007 – Jerzy Kawalerowicz, Polish director and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Jaan Kross, Estonian author and poet (b. 1920)
  • 2008Delaney Bramlett, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1939)
  • 2008 – Robert Graham, Mexican-American sculptor (b. 1938)
  • 2009Isaac Schwartz, Ukrainian-Russian composer and educator (b. 1923)
  • 2011Catê, Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1973)
  • 2011 – Michael Dummett, English soldier, philosopher, and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2011 – Helen Frankenthaler, American painter and educator (b. 1928)[8]
  • 2011 – Johnny Wilson, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1929)
  • 2012Harry Carey, Jr., American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Lloyd Charmers, Jamaican singer, keyboard player, and producer (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Tingye Li, Chinese-American physicist and engineer (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Archie Roy, Scottish astronomer and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr., American general and engineer (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Salt Walther, American race car driver (b. 1947)
  • 2013Richard Ambler, English-Scottish biologist and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Mohamad Chatah, Lebanese economist and politician, Lebanese Minister of Finance (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Gianna D'Angelo, American soprano and educator (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – John Matheson, Canadian colonel, lawyer, and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Farooq Sheikh, Indian actor, philanthropist and a popular television presenter (b. 1948)
  • 2014Ben Ammi Ben-Israel, American-Israeli religious leader, founded the African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Ulises Estrella, Ecuadorian poet and academic (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Ronald Li, Hong Kong accountant and businessman (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Karel Poma, Belgian bacteriologist and politician (b. 1920)
  • 2015Stein Eriksen, Norwegian-American skier (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Dave Henderson, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1958)
  • 2015 – Ellsworth Kelly, American painter and sculptor (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Meadowlark Lemon, American basketball player and minister (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Alfredo Pacheco, Salvadoran footballer (b. 1982)
  • 2015 – Stevie Wright, English-Australian singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2016Carrie Fisher, American actress, screenwriter, author, producer, and speaker (b. 1956)
  • 2016 – Ratnasiri Wickremanayake, Sri Lankan politician (b. 1933)
  • 2019Maria Creveling, American League of Legends player (b. 1995)[9]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Blessed Francesco Spoto
    • Blessed Sára Salkaházi
    • Fabiola
    • John the Apostle
    • Pope Maximus of Alexandria
    • Nicarete
    • Theodorus and Theophanes
    • December 27 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (North Korea)
  • Emergency Rescuer's Day (Russia)
  • St. Stephen's Day (Eastern Orthodox Church; a public holiday in Romania)
  • The third of the Twelve Days of Christmas (Western Christianity)

References

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External links

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