Culture Wikia
Advertisement
Culture Wikia

Script error: No such module "Protection banner". Script error: No such module "Pp-move-indef".

2021

01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28  
 
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31  
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30
 
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04 05
06 07 08 09 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30  
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31
 
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30  
 
01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  
 
  2020 (Friday)
  2019 (Wednesday)
  2018 (Tuesday)
  2017 (Monday)
  2016 (Sunday)
  2015 (Friday)
  2014 (Thursday)
  2013 (Wednesday)
  2012 (Tuesday)
  2011 (Sunday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".December 25 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. Six days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 36 – Forces of Emperor Guangwu of the Eastern Han, under the command of Wu Han, conquer the separatist Chengjia empire, reuniting China.[1]
  • 274 – A temple to Sol Invictus is dedicated in Rome by Emperor Aurelian.[2]
  • 333 – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevates his youngest son Constans to the rank of Caesar.
  • 336 – First documentary sign of Christmas celebration in Rome.
  • 350Vetranio meets Constantius II at Naissus (Serbia) and is forced to abdicate his title (Caesar). Constantius allows him to live as a private citizen on a state pension.
  • 508Clovis I, king of the Franks, is baptized into the Catholic faith at Reims, by Saint Remigius.
  • 597Augustine of Canterbury and his fellow-labourers baptise in Kent more than 10,000 Anglo-Saxons.
  • 800 – The coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.
  • 1000 – The foundation of the Kingdom of Hungary: Hungary is established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.
  • 1013Sweyn Forkbeard takes control of the Danelaw and is proclaimed king of England.
  • 1025 – Coronation of Mieszko II Lambert as king of Poland.
  • 1066William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy is crowned king of England, at Westminster Abbey, London.
  • 1076 – Coronation of Bolesław II the Generous as king of Poland.
  • 1100Baldwin of Boulogne is crowned the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem.
  • 1130 – Count Roger II of Sicily is crowned the first king of Sicily.[3]
  • 1261 – Eleven-year-old John IV Laskaris of the restored Eastern Roman Empire is deposed and blinded by orders of his co-ruler Michael VIII Palaiologos.
  • 1492 – The carrack Santa María, commanded by Christopher Columbus, runs onto a reef off Haiti due to an improper watch.
  • 1553Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeat the Spanish conquistadors and executes the governor of Chile, Pedro de Valdivia.
  • 1559Pope Pius IV is elected.
  • 1758Halley's Comet is sighted by Johann Georg Palitzsch, confirming Edmund Halley's prediction of its passage. This was the first passage of a comet predicted ahead of time.
  • 1766Mapuches in Chile launch a series of surprise attacks against the Spanish starting the Mapuche uprising of 1766.[4]
  • 1776George Washington and the Continental Army cross the Delaware River at night to attack Hessian forces serving Great Britain at Trenton, New Jersey, the next day.
  • 1793 – General "Mad Anthony" Wayne and a 300 man detachment identify the site of St. Clair's 1791 defeat by the large number of unburied human remains at modern Fort Recovery, Ohio.
  • 1809 – Dr. Ephraim McDowell performs the first ovariotomy, removing a 22-pound tumor.
  • 1814 – Rev. Samuel Marsden holds the first Christian service on land in New Zealand at Rangihoua Bay.
  • 1815 – The Handel and Haydn Society, oldest continually performing arts organization in the United States, gives its first performance.
  • 1826 – The Eggnog Riot at the United States Military Academy concludes after beginning the previous evening.
  • 1831 – The Great Jamaican Slave Revolt begins; up to 20% of Jamaica's slaves mobilize in an ultimately unsuccessful fight for freedom.
  • 1837Second Seminole War: American general Zachary Taylor leads 1,100 troops against the Seminoles at the Battle of Lake Okeechobee.
  • 1868Pardons for ex-Confederates: United States President Andrew Johnson grants an unconditional pardon to all Confederate veterans.
  • 1914 – A series of unofficial truces occur across the Western Front to celebrate Christmas.
  • 1932 – A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China kills 275 people.
  • 1941 – Admiral Chester W. Nimitz arrives at Pearl Harbor to assume command of the U.S. Pacific Fleet.
  • 1941 – World War II: Battle of Hong Kong ends, beginning the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong.
  • 1941 – Admiral Émile Muselier seizes the archipelago of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, which become the first part of France to be liberated by the Free French Forces.
  • 1946 – The first European self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction is initiated within the Soviet Union's F-1 nuclear reactor.
  • 1950 – The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, is taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students. It later turns up in Scotland on April 11, 1951.
  • 1951 – A bomb explodes at the home of Harry T. Moore and Harriette V. S. Moore, early leaders of the Civil Rights Movement, killing Harry instantly and fatally wounding Harriette.[5]
  • 1962 – The Soviet Union conducts its final above-ground nuclear weapon test, in anticipation of the 1963 Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
  • 1963 – Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio begins transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots are forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.
  • 1968Apollo program: Apollo 8 performs the first successful Trans-Earth injection (TEI) maneuver, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.
  • 1968 – Kilvenmani massacre: Forty-four Dalits (untouchables) are burnt to death in Kizhavenmani village, Tamil Nadu, a retaliation for a campaign for higher wages by Dalit laborers.
  • 1976EgyptAir Flight 664, a Boeing 707-366C, crashes on approach to Don Mueang International Airport, killing 71 people.[6]
  • 1977 – Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin meets in Egypt with its president Anwar Sadat.
  • 1989Romanian Revolution: Deposed President of Romania Nicolae Ceaușescu and his wife, Elena, are condemned to death and executed after a summary trial.
  • 1991Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as President of the Soviet Union (the union itself is dissolved the next day). Ukraine's referendum is finalized and Ukraine officially leaves the Soviet Union.
  • 2003UTAGE Flight 141, a Boeing 727-223, crashes at the Cotonou Airport in Benin, killing 141 people.
  • 2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express spacecraft on December 19, stops transmitting shortly before its scheduled landing.
  • 2004 – The Cassini orbiter releases Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn's moon Titan on January 14, 2005.
  • 2012 – An Antonov An-72 plane crashes close to the city of Shymkent, killing 27 people.
  • 2016 – A Russian Defence Ministry Tupolev Tu-154 carrying members of the Alexandrov Ensemble crashes into the Black Sea shortly after takeoff, killing all 92 people on board.
  • 2019 – Twenty people are killed and thousands are left homeless by Typhoon Phanfone in the Philippines.[7]

Births

  • 1250John IV Laskaris, Byzantine emperor (d. 1305)
  • 1281Alice de Lacy, 4th Countess of Lincoln (d. 1348)
  • 1400John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1487)
  • 1424Margaret Stewart, Dauphine of France (d. 1445)
  • 1461Christina of Saxony, Queen consort of Denmark (d. 1521)
  • 1490Francesco Marinoni, Italian Roman Catholic priest (d. 1562)
  • 1493Antoinette de Bourbon, French noblewoman (d. 1583)
  • 1505Christine of Saxony, German noblewoman (d. 1549)
  • 1564Johannes Buxtorf, German Calvinist theologian (d. 1629)
  • 1583Orlando Gibbons, English organist and composer (d. 1625)
  • 1584Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (d. 1611)
  • 1601Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha (d. 1675)
  • 1628Noël Coypel, French painter and educator (d. 1707)
  • 1642 (OS) – Isaac Newton, English physicist and mathematician (d. 1726/1727)
  • 1652Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician, anatomist, and scholar (d. 1713)
  • 1665Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish-English poet and songwriter (d. 1746)
  • 1674Thomas Halyburton, Scottish minister and theologian (d. 1712)
  • 1686Giovanni Battista Somis, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1763)
  • 1700Leopold II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (d. 1758)
  • 1711Jean-Joseph de Mondonville, French violinist and composer (d. 1772)
  • 1716Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician and scholar (d. 1774)
  • 1717Pope Pius VI (d. 1799)
  • 1728Johann Adam Hiller, German composer and conductor (d. 1804)
  • 1730Philip Mazzei, Italian-American physician and philosopher (d. 1816)
  • 1745Chevalier de Saint-Georges, Caribbean-French violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1799)
  • 1757Benjamin Pierce, American general and politician, 17th Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1839)
  • 1766Christmas Evans, Welsh Nonconformist preacher (d. 1838)
  • 1771Dorothy Wordsworth, English diarist and poet (d. 1855)
  • 1776Sydney, Lady Morgan, Irish author and poet (d. 1859)
  • 1810L. L. Langstroth, American apiarist, clergyman and teacher (d. 1895)
  • 1821Clara Barton, American nurse and humanitarian, founder of the American Red Cross (d. 1912)
  • 1825Stephen F. Chadwick, American lawyer and politician, 5th Governor of Oregon (d. 1895)
  • 1829Patrick Gilmore, Irish-American composer and bandleader (d. 1892)
  • 1856Pud Galvin, American baseball player and manager (d. 1902)
  • 1861Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian educator, lawyer, and politician, President of the Indian National Congress (d. 1946)
  • 1865Evangeline Booth, English 4th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1950)
  • 1869Charles Finger, English-American journalist and author (d. 1941)
  • 1870Helena Rubinstein, Polish-American businesswoman and philanthropist (d. 1965)
  • 1873Otto Frederick Hunziker, Swiss-American agriculturalist and educator (d. 1959)
  • 1874Lina Cavalieri, Italian soprano and actress (d. 1944)
  • 1875Francis Aveling, Canadian psychologist and priest (d. 1941)
  • 1875 – Theodor Innitzer, Austrian cardinal (d. 1955)
  • 1876Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 1st Governor-General of Pakistan (d. 1948)
  • 1876 – Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
  • 1878Louis Chevrolet, Swiss-American race car driver and businessman, co-founded Chevrolet (d. 1941)
  • 1878 – Noël, Countess of Rothes, philanthropist, social leader and heroine of Titanic disaster (d. 1956)
  • 1878 – Joseph M. Schenck, Russian-American film producer (d. 1961)
  • 1883Hugo Bergmann, Czech-Israeli philosopher and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1883 – Hana Meisel, Belarusian-Israeli agronomist and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1884Samuel Berger, American boxer (d. 1925)
  • 1884 – Evelyn Nesbit, American model and actress (d. 1967)
  • 1886Malak Hifni Nasif, Egyptian poet and activist (d. 1918)
  • 1886 – Kid Ory, American trombonist and bandleader (d. 1973)
  • 1887Conrad Hilton, American entrepreneur (d. 1979)
  • 1889Lila Bell Wallace, American publisher and philanthropist, co-founded Reader's Digest (d. 1984)
  • 1890Noel Odell, English geologist and mountaineer (d. 1987)
  • 1890 – Robert Ripley, American anthropologist and publisher (d. 1949)
  • 1891Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson, Indian-English general and politician, Governor of Gibraltar (d. 1959)
  • 1891 – Clarrie Grimmett, New Zealand-Australian cricketer (d. 1980)
  • 1899Humphrey Bogart, American actor (d. 1957)
  • 1901Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (d. 2004)
  • 1902Barton MacLane, American actor, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1902 – William Bell, American tuba player and educator (d. 1971)
  • 1903Antiochos Evangelatos, Greek composer and conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1904Gerhard Herzberg, German-Canadian physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1906Lew Grade, Baron Grade, Ukrainian-English film producer (d. 1998)
  • 1906 – Ernst Ruska, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1907Cab Calloway, American singer-songwriter and bandleader (d. 1994)
  • 1907 – Mike Mazurki, Ukrainian-American wrestler and actor (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Glenn McCarthy, American businessman, founded the Shamrock Hotel (d. 1988)
  • 1908Quentin Crisp, English author and illustrator (d. 1999)
  • 1908 – Ernest L. Massad, American general (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – Jo-Jo Moore, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1909Zora Arkus-Duntov, Belgian-American engineer (d. 1996)
  • 1911Louise Bourgeois, French-American sculptor and painter (d. 2010)
  • 1913Candy Candido, American singer, bass player, and voice actor (d. 1999)
  • 1913 – Tony Martin, American singer (d. 2012)
  • 1914James Fletcher Jnr, New Zealand businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Oscar Lewis, American anthropologist of Latin America (d. 1970)
  • 1915Pete Rugolo, Italian-American composer and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1916Ahmed Ben Bella, Algerian soldier and politician, 1st President of Algeria (d. 2012)
  • 1917Arseny Mironov, Russian scientist, engineer, pilot, oldest active researcher in aircraft aerodynamics and flight testing (d. 2019)
  • 1917 – Lincoln Verduga Loor, Ecuadorian journalist and politician (d. 2009)
  • 1918Anwar Sadat, Egyptian lieutenant and politician, 3rd President of Egypt, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1919Naushad Ali, Indian composer and director (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Paul David, Canadian cardiologist and politician, founded the Montreal Heart Institute (d. 1999)
  • 1921Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah, Indian-Pakistani journalist and author (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Steve Otto, Polish-Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1989)
  • 1922William Demby, American author (d. 2013)
  • 1923René Girard, French-American historian, philosopher, and critic (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Louis Lane, American conductor and educator (d. 2016)
  • 1924Rod Serling, American screenwriter and producer, created The Twilight Zone (d. 1975)
  • 1924 – Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Indian poet and politician, 10th Prime Minister of India (d. 2018)
  • 1925Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-American anthropologist and author (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Ned Garver, American baseball player (d. 2017)
  • 1925 – Sam Pollock, Canadian businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1926Enrique Jorrín, Cuban violinist and composer (d. 1987)
  • 1927Nellie Fox, American baseball player and coach (d. 1975)
  • 1927 – Leo Kubiak, American basketball and baseball player
  • 1927 – Ram Narayan, Indian sarangi player
  • 1928Irish McCalla, American actress and model (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Dick Miller, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2019)
  • 1929Christine M. Jones, American educator and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – China Machado, Chinese-born Portuguese-American fashion model, editor and television producer (d. 2016)
  • 1930Emmanuel Agassi, Iranian-American boxer and coach
  • 1930 – Armenak Alachachian, Armenian basketball player and coach (d. 2017)
  • 1932Mabel King, American actress and singer (d. 1999)
  • 1933Basil Heatley, English runner (d. 2019)
  • 1935Sadiq al-Mahdi, Sudanese politician, Prime Minister of Sudan
  • 1935 – Stephen Barnett, American scholar and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1935 – Jeanne Hopkins Lucas, American educator and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1936Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
  • 1936 – Ismail Merchant, Indian-English director and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1937O'Kelly Isley Jr., American R&B/soul singer-songwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1938Duane Armstrong, American painter
  • 1938 – Noel Picard, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2017)
  • 1939Ghulam Ahmad Bilour, Pakistani businessman and politician
  • 1939 – Bob James, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1939 – Akong Rinpoche, Tibetan-Chinese spiritual leader (d. 2013)
  • 1940Hilary Spurling, English journalist and author
  • 1941Kenneth Calman, Scottish physician and academic
  • 1942Françoise Dürr, French tennis player and coach
  • 1942 – Barbara Follett, English politician
  • 1942 – Barry Goldberg, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1942 – Enrique Morente, Spanish singer-songwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1943Wilson Fittipaldi Júnior, Brazilian race car driver and businessman
  • 1943 – Hanna Schygulla, German actress
  • 1944Kenny Everett, British comedian and broadcaster (d. 1995)
  • 1944 – Jairzinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1944 – Sam Strahan, New Zealand rugby player (d. 2019)
  • 1945Rick Berman, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1945 – Eve Pollard, English journalist and author
  • 1945 – Mike Pringle, Zambian-Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1945 – Noel Redding, English singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2003)
  • 1945 – Ken Stabler, American football player and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1946Jimmy Buffett, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1946 – Larry Csonka, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1946 – Christopher Frayling, English author and academic
  • 1946 – Gene Lamont, American baseball player and manager
  • 1948Merry Clayton, American singer and actress
  • 1948 – Kay Hymowitz, American sociologist and writer
  • 1948 – Barbara Mandrell, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1948 – Joel Santana, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1949Simone Bittencourt de Oliveira, Brazilian singer
  • 1949 – Nawaz Sharif, Pakistani lawyer and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan
  • 1949 – Sissy Spacek, American actress
  • 1950Peter Boardman, English mountaineer and author (d. 1982)
  • 1950 – Karl Rove, American political strategist and activist
  • 1950 – Manny Trillo, Venezuelan baseball player and manager
  • 1952Tolossa Kotu, Ethiopian runner and coach
  • 1952 – CCH Pounder, Guyanese-American actress
  • 1953Kaarlo Maaninka, Finnish runner
  • 1954Annie Lennox, Scottish singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1957Mansoor Akhtar, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1957 – Chris Kamara, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Shane MacGowan, English-Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1958Cheryl Chase, American voice actress and singer
  • 1958 – Hanford Dixon, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1958 – Rickey Henderson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1958 – Konstantin Kinchev, Russian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958 – Alannah Myles, Canadian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1959Michael P. Anderson, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1959 – Ramdas Athawale, Indian poet and politician
  • 1961Íngrid Betancourt, Colombian political scientist and politician
  • 1962Francis Dunnery, English musician
  • 1964Ian Bostridge, English tenor
  • 1964 – Gary McAllister, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Kevin Simms, English rugby player
  • 1964 – Bob Stanley, English keyboard player, songwriter, producer, and journalist
  • 1965Ed Davey, English politician, Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change
  • 1965 – David Rath, Czech physician and politician
  • 1966Toshi Arai, Japanese race car driver
  • 1967Jason Thirsk, American bass player (d. 1996)
  • 1968Helena Christensen, Danish model and actress
  • 1968 – Jim Dowd, American ice hockey player
  • 1969Nicolas Godin, French musician
  • 1969 – Noel Goldthorpe, Australian rugby league player
  • 1969 – Frederick Onyancha, Kenyan runner
  • 1970Emmanuel Amunike, Nigerian footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Rodney Dent, American basketball player
  • 1971Dido, English singer-songwriter
  • 1971 – Justin Trudeau, Canadian educator and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1972Mac Powell, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1972 – Qu Yunxia, Chinese runner
  • 1973Robbie Elliott, English footballer and coach
  • 1973 – Chris Harris, American wrestler
  • 1973 – Daisuke Miura, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • 1973 – Alexandre Trudeau, Canadian journalist and director
  • 1975Daniel Mustard, American singer-songwriter
  • 1975 – Hideki Okajima, Japanese baseball player
  • 1975 – Choi Sung-yong, South Korean footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Marcus Trescothick, English cricketer
  • 1976Tuomas Holopainen, Finnish keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1976 – Tim James, American basketball player and coach
  • 1976 – Atko Väikmeri, Estonian footballer
  • 1976 – Armin van Buuren, Dutch DJ and record producer
  • 1977Israel Vázquez, Mexican boxer
  • 1977 – Ali Tandoğan, Turkish footballer
  • 1978Simon Jones, Welsh cricketer
  • 1978 – Joel Porter, Australian footballer and manager
  • 1978 – Jeremy Strong, American actor
  • 1979Ferman Akgül, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Laurent Bonnart, French footballer
  • 1979 – Robert Huff, English race car driver
  • 1979 – Hyun Young-min, South Korean footballer
  • 1980Marcus Trufant, American football player
  • 1980 – Laura Sadler, English actress (d. 2003)
  • 1981Trenesha Biggers, American wrestler and model
  • 1981 – Christian Holst, Danish-Faroese footballer
  • 1981 – Willy Taveras, Dominican baseball player
  • 1982Shawn Andrews, American football player
  • 1982 – Rob Edwards, Welsh footballer
  • 1982 – Ethan Kath, Canadian keyboard player, songwriter and producer
  • 1982 – Chris Rene, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1984Chris Cahill, Samoan footballer
  • 1984 – Alastair Cook, English cricketer
  • 1984 – Jessica Origliasso, Australian singer, actress, and fashion designer
  • 1984 – Lisa Origliasso, Australian singer, actress, and fashion designer
  • 1984 – Chris Richard, American basketball player
  • 1985Martin Mathathi, Kenyan runner
  • 1985 – Rusev, Bulgarian-American professional wrestler
  • 1987Ceyhun Gülselam, Turkish footballer
  • 1987 – Demaryius Thomas, American football player[8]
  • 1988Joãozinho, Brazilian footballer[9]
  • 1988 – Eric Gordon, American basketball player[10]
  • 1988 – Lukas Hinds-Johnson, German rugby player[11]
  • 1992Mitakeumi Hisashi, Japanese sumo wrestler[12]

Deaths

  • 304Saint Anastasia
  • 795Pope Adrian I (b. 700)
  • 936Zhang Jingda, general of Later Tang
  • 940Makan ibn Kaki, Iranian general
  • 1147Guy II, Count of Ponthieu (b. c. 1120)
  • 1156Peter the Venerable, French abbot and saint (b. 1092)
  • 1156 – Sverker the Elder, king of Sweden
  • 1294Mestwin II, Duke of Pomerania
  • 1395Elisabeth, Countess of Neuchâtel, Swiss ruler
  • 1406Henry III of Castile (b. 1379)
  • 1505George Grey, 2nd Earl of Kent, English politician (b. 1454)
  • 1553Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish explorer and politician, 1st Royal Governor of Chile (b. 1500)
  • 1634Lettice Knollys, English noblewoman (b. 1540)
  • 1635Samuel de Champlain, French soldier, geographer, and explorer (b. 1567)
  • 1676William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire (b. 1592)
  • 1676 – Matthew Hale, English lawyer and jurist, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales (b. 1609)
  • 1683Kara Mustafa Pasha, Ottoman general and politician, 111th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1634)
  • 1730Henry Scott, 1st Earl of Deloraine, Scottish peer and general (b. 1676)
  • 1758James Hervey, English priest and author (b. 1714)
  • 1784Yosa Buson, Japanese poet and painter (b. 1716)
  • 1796Velu Nachiyar, Queen of Sivagangai (b. 1730)
  • 1824Barbara von Krüdener, German mystic and author (b. 1764)
  • 1868Linus Yale, Jr., American engineer and businessman (b. 1821)
  • 1875Young Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (b. 1851)
  • 1880Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss lawyer and politician, President of the Swiss National Council (b. 1828)
  • 1824William Lawless, Irish revolutionary, later French Army general (b. 1772)
  • 1916Albert Chmielowski, Polish saint, founded the Albertine Brothers (b. 1845)
  • 1921Vladimir Korolenko, Russian journalist, author, and activist (b. 1853)
  • 1925Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst and author (b. 1877)
  • 1926Emperor Taishō of Japan (b. 1879)
  • 1928Miles Burke, American boxer (b. 1885)
  • 1930Jakob Mändmets, Estonian journalist and author (b. 1871)
  • 1933Francesc Macià, Catalan colonel and politician, 122nd President of Catalonia (b. 1859)
  • 1935Paul Bourget, French author and critic (b. 1852)
  • 1938Karel Čapek, Czech author and playwright (b. 1890)
  • 1940Agnes Ayres, American actress (b. 1898)
  • 1941Richard S. Aldrich, American lawyer and politician (b. 1884)
  • 1944George Steer, South African-English journalist and author (b. 1909)
  • 1946W. C. Fields, American actor, comedian, juggler, and screenwriter (b. 1880)
  • 1947Gaspar G. Bacon, American lawyer and politician, 51st Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1886)
  • 1949Leon Schlesinger, American animator and producer, founded Warner Bros. Cartoons (b. 1884)
  • 1950Neil Francis Hawkins, English politician (b. 1903)
  • 1952Margrethe Mather, American photographer (b. 1886)
  • 1953Patsy Donovan, Irish-American baseball player and manager (b. 1865)
  • 1953 – William Haselden, British cartoonist (b. 1872)
  • 1956Robert Walser, Swiss author and playwright (b. 1878)
  • 1957Charles Pathé, French record producer, founded Pathé Records (b. 1863)
  • 1961Owen Brewster, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 54th Governor of Maine (b. 1888)
  • 1961 – Otto Loewi, German-American pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1873)
  • 1963Tristan Tzara, Romanian-French poet, playwright, painter, and critic (b. 1896)
  • 1970Michael Peto, Hungarian-English photographer and journalist (b. 1908)
  • 1973İsmet İnönü, Turkish general and politician, 2nd President of Turkey (b. 1884)
  • 1973 – Gabriel Voisin, French pilot and engineer (b. 1880)
  • 1975Gaston Gallimard, French publisher, founded Éditions Gallimard (b. 1881)
  • 1975 – Gunnar Kangro, Estonian mathematician and author (b. 1913)
  • 1977Charlie Chaplin, English actor and director (b. 1889)
  • 1979Joan Blondell, American actress and singer (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Jordi Bonet, Canadian painter and sculptor (b. 1932)
  • 1980Fred Emney, English actor and comedian (b. 1900)
  • 1983Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor (b. 1893)
  • 1988Shōhei Ōoka, Japanese author and critic (b. 1909)
  • 1988 – Edward Pelham-Clinton, 10th Duke of Newcastle, English entomologist and lepidopterist (b. 1920)
  • 1989Benny Binion, American poker player and businessman (b. 1904)
  • 1989 – Elena Ceaușescu, Romanian politician, First Lady of Romania (b. 1916)
  • 1989 – Nicolae Ceaușescu, Romanian general and politician, 1st President of Romania (b. 1918)
  • 1989 – Betty Garde, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1989 – Frederick F. Houser, American judge and politician, 34th Lieutenant Governor of California (b. 1905)
  • 1989 – Billy Martin, American baseball player and manager (b. 1928)
  • 1989 – Robert Pirosh, American director and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1991Wilbur Snyder, American football player and wrestler (b. 1929)
  • 1992Monica Dickens, British-American nurse and author (b. 1915)
  • 1993Pierre Victor Auger, French physicist and academic (b. 1899)
  • 1994Zail Singh, Indian politician, 7th President of India (b. 1916)
  • 1995Emmanuel Levinas, Lithuanian-French philosopher and academic (b. 1906)
  • 1995 – Dean Martin, American singer and actor (b. 1917)
  • 1995 – Chang Kee-ryo, Korean surgeon (b. 1914)
  • 1996Bill Hewitt, Canadian sportscaster (b. 1928)
  • 1997Anatoli Boukreev, Kazakh mountaineer and explorer (b. 1958)
  • 1997 – Denver Pyle, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2000Neil Hawke, Australian cricketer and footballer (b. 1939)
  • 2000 – Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher and academic (b. 1908)
  • 2001Alfred A. Tomatis, French otolaryngologist and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2003Nicholas Mavroules, American politician (b. 1929)
  • 2004Gennadi Strekalov, Russian engineer and astronaut (b. 1940)
  • 2005Derek Bailey, English guitarist (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Robert Barbers, Filipino police officer, lawyer, and politician, 15th Filipino Secretary of the Interior (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – Birgit Nilsson, Swedish operatic soprano (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Joseph Pararajasingham, Sri Lankan journalist, businessman, and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2006James Brown, American singer-songwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2007Des Barrick, English cricketer (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Jim Beauchamp, American baseball player and coach (b. 1939)
  • 2008Eartha Kitt, American singer and actress (b. 1927)
  • 2009Vic Chesnutt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1964)
  • 2010Carlos Andrés Pérez, Venezuelan politician, 66th President of Venezuela (b. 1922)
  • 2011Giorgio Bocca, Italian journalist (b. 1920)
  • 2011 – Jim Sherwood, American saxophonist (b. 1942)
  • 2011 – Simms Taback, American author and illustrator (b. 1932)
  • 2012Erico Aumentado, Filipino journalist, lawyer, and politician (b. 1940)
  • 2012 – Halfdan Hegtun, Norwegian radio host and politician (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Joe Krivak, American football player and coach (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Turki bin Sultan, Saudi Arabian politician (b. 1959)
  • 2012 – Şerafettin Elçi, Turkish lawyer, politician, government minister (b. 1938)
  • 2013Anthony J. Bryant, American historian and author (b. 1961)
  • 2013 – David R. Harris, English geographer, anthropologist, archaeologist and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Wayne Harrison, English footballer (b. 1967)
  • 2013 – Mike Hegan, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Lola Lange, Canadian rural feminist and appointee to the Royal Commission on the Status of Women (b. 1922)[13]
  • 2013 – Mel Mathay, Filipino politician, 8th Mayor of Quezon City (b. 1932)
  • 2014Ricardo Porro, Cuban-French architect (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Geoff Pullar, English cricketer (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – David Ryall, English actor (b. 1935)
  • 2015George Clayton Johnson, American author and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Dorothy M. Murdock, American author and historian (b. 1961)
  • 2016Valery Khalilov, Russian military musician and composer (b. 1952)
  • 2016 – George Michael, British singer and songwriter (b. 1963)
  • 2016 – Vera Rubin, American astronomer (b. 1928)
  • 2017D. Herbert Lipson, American magazine publisher (Philadelphia, Boston)
  • 2018Sulagitti Narasamma, Indian midwife (b. 1920)[14]
  • 2019Ari Behn, Norwegian writer (b. 1972)[15]

Holidays and observances

  • Children's Day (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Republic of Congo)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Anastasia of Sirmium (Catholic Church)
    • December 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Christmas Day, Christian festival commemorating the birth of Jesus. (Internationally observed)
  • Tulsi Pujan Diwas (India)
  • Constitution Day (Taiwan)
  • Good Governance Day (India)
  • Malkh-Festival (Nakh peoples of Chechnya and Ingushetia)
  • Quaid-e-Azam's Day (Pakistan)
  • Takanakuy (Chumbivilcas Province, Peru)

References

  1. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  2. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  3. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  4. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  5. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  6. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  7. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  8. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  9. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  10. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  11. Lukas Hinds-Johnson profile at scrum.com accessed: 23 March 2010
  12. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  13. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  14. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  15. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".

Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".

External links

Script error: No such module "Side box".


{{{header}}}
{{{body}}}