Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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  2020 (Wednesday)
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  2015 (Wednesday)
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  2011 (Friday)

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Events

  • 484 – The Arian Vandal Kingdom ceases its persecution of Nicene Christianity.[1]
  • 558Chlothar I is crowned King of the Franks.
  • 583 – Maya queen Yohl Ik'nal is crowned ruler of Palenque.
  • 962 – The Sack of Aleppo as part of the Arab–Byzantine wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops storm the city of Aleppo.
  • 1572 – Theologian Johann Sylvan is executed in Heidelberg for his heretical Antitrinitarian beliefs.
  • 1598Arauco War: Governor of Chile Martín García Óñez de Loyola is killed in the Battle of Curalaba by Mapuches led by Pelantaru.
  • 1688 – As part of the Glorious Revolution, King James II of England flees from England to Paris, France after being deposed in favor of his nephew, William of Orange and his daughter Mary.
  • 1783George Washington resigns as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army at the Maryland State House in Annapolis, Maryland.
  • 1793 – The Battle of Savenay: A decisive defeat of the royalist counter-revolutionaries in War in the Vendée during the French Revolution.
  • 1815 – The novel Emma by Jane Austen is first published.
  • 1876 – First day of the Constantinople Conference which resulted in agreement for political reforms in the Balkans.
  • 1893 – The opera Hansel and Gretel by Engelbert Humperdinck is first performed.
  • 1913 – The Federal Reserve Act is signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, creating the Federal Reserve System.
  • 1914World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt.
  • 1916 – World War I: Battle of Magdhaba: Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 1919Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 becomes law in the United Kingdom.
  • 1936Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1936Spanish Civil War: The Spanish Republic legalizes the Regional Defence Council of Aragon.[2]
  • 1941 – World War II: After 15 days of fighting, the Imperial Japanese Army occupies Wake Island.
  • 1947 – The transistor is first demonstrated at Bell Laboratories.
  • 1948 – Seven Japanese military and political leaders convicted of war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East are executed by Allied occupation authorities at Sugamo Prison in Tokyo, Japan.
  • 1954 – First successful kidney transplant is performed by J. Hartwell Harrison and Joseph Murray.
  • 1968 – The 82 sailors from the Template:Ship are released after eleven months of internment in North Korea.
  • 1970 – The North Tower of the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York, New York is topped out at Script error: No such module "convert"., making it the tallest building in the world.
  • 1970 – The Democratic Republic of the Congo officially becomes a one-party state.
  • 1972 – A 6.5 magnitude earthquake strikes the Nicaraguan capital of Managua killing more than 10,000.
  • 1972 – The 16 survivors of the Andes flight disaster are rescued after 73 days, surviving by cannibalism.
  • 1979Soviet–Afghan War: Soviet Union forces occupy Kabul, the Afghan capital.
  • 1984 – After experiencing an engine fire, Aeroflot Flight 3519 attempts to make an emergency landing at Krasnoyarsk International Airport but crashes, killing 110 of the 111 people on board.[3]
  • 1986Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, lands at Edwards Air Force Base in California becoming the first aircraft to fly non-stop around the world without aerial or ground refueling.
  • 1990History of Slovenia: In a referendum, 88.5% of Slovenia's overall electorate vote for independence from Yugoslavia.
  • 2002 – A U.S. MQ-1 Predator is shot down by an Iraqi MiG-25 in the first combat engagement between a drone and conventional aircraft.
  • 2003PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Kai County, Chongqing, China, killing at least 234.
  • 2007 – An agreement is made for the Kingdom of Nepal to be abolished and the country to become a federal republic with the Prime Minister becoming head of state.
  • 2015 – A bomb explodes at Istanbul's Sabiha Gökçen Airport, killing one airport cleaner. The Kurdistan Freedom Hawks claim responsibility for the attack four days later.

Births

  • 968Zhen Zong, emperor of the Song Dynasty (d. 1022)
  • 1173Louis I, duke of Bavaria (d. 1231)
  • 1513Thomas Smith, English scholar and diplomat (d. 1577)
  • 1525John Albert I, duke of Mecklenburg (d. 1576)
  • 1573Giovanni Battista Crespi, Italian painter, sculptor and architect (d. 1632)
  • 1582Severo Bonini, Italian organist and composer (d. 1663)
  • 1544Anna of Saxony, only child and heiress of Maurice, Elector of Saxony (d. 1577)
  • 1597Martin Opitz, German poet and composer (d. 1639)
  • 1605Tianqi Emperor, Chinese emperor (d. 1627)
  • 1613Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish field marshal and politician, Lord High Constable of Sweden (d. 1676)
  • 1621Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, English lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1682)
  • 1621 – Edmund Berry Godfrey, English lawyer and judge (d. 1678)
  • 1689Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, French composer (d. 1755)
  • 1690Pamheiba, Indian emperor (d. 1751)
  • 1713Maruyama Gondazaemon, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 3rd Yokozuna (d. 1749)
  • 1732Richard Arkwright, English businessman and inventor, invented the Water frame and Spinning frame (d. 1792)
  • 1745John Jay, American jurist and politician, 1st Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1829)
  • 1750Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (d. 1827)
  • 1758Nathan Wilson, American soldier and politician (d. 1834)
  • 1766Wilhelm Hisinger, Swedish physicist and chemist (d. 1852)
  • 1777Alexander I of Russia (d. 1825)
  • 1790Jean-François Champollion, French philologist, orientalist, and scholar (d. 1832)
  • 1793Dost Mohammad Khan, emir of Afghanistan (d. 1863)
  • 1804Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French author, critic, and academic (d. 1869)
  • 1805Joseph Smith, American religious leader, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement (d. 1844)
  • 1807Anthony Mary Claret, Spanish Roman Catholic archbishop and missionary (d. 1870)
  • 1810Edward Blyth, English zoologist (d. 1873)
  • 1810 – Karl Richard Lepsius, German Egyptologist (d. 1884)
  • 1812Samuel Smiles, Scottish-English author (d. 1904)
  • 1812 – Henri-Alexandre Wallon, French historian and statesman (d. 1904)
  • 1819Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch pastor and poet (d. 1889)
  • 1822Wilhelm Bauer, German engineer (d. 1875)
  • 1828Mathilde Wesendonck, German poet and author (d. 1902)
  • 1839János Murkovics, Slovene-Hungarian author and educator (d. 1917)
  • 1843Richard Conner, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1924)
  • 1854Henry B. Guppy, English botanist and author (d. 1926)
  • 1867Madam C. J. Walker, American businesswoman and philanthropist, founded the Madame C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company (d. 1919)
  • 1870John Marin, American architect and painter (d. 1953)
  • 1878Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-American engineer and academic (d. 1972)
  • 1885Pierre Brissaud, French illustrator, painter, and engraver (d. 1964)
  • 1894Arthur Gilligan, English cricketer (d. 1976)
  • 1895Nola Luxford, New Zealand-American actress and broadcaster (d. 1994)
  • 1896Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Italian lieutenant and author (d. 1957)
  • 1900Merle Barwis, American-Canadian supercentenarian (d. 2014)
  • 1900 – Marie Bell, French actress and stage director (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Otto Soglow, American cartoonist (d. 1975)
  • 1902Norman Maclean, American author and academic (d. 1990)
  • 1902 – Charan Singh, Indian lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of India (d. 1987)
  • 1907Manuel Lopes, Cape Verdean author and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – James Roosevelt, American general and politician (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Avraham Stern, Polish Zionist leader (d. 1942)
  • 1908Yousuf Karsh, Armenian-Canadian photographer (d. 2002)
  • 1910Kurt Meyer, German general (d. 1961)
  • 1911James Gregory, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1911 – Niels Kaj Jerne, English-Danish physician and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1912Anna J. Harrison, American organic chemist and academic (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – Woodrow Borah, American historian of Spanish America (d. 1999)
  • 1916Dino Risi, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1918José Greco, Italian-American dancer and choreographer (d. 2000)
  • 1918 – Helmut Schmidt, German soldier, economist, and politician, 5th Chancellor of Germany (d. 2015)
  • 1919Kenneth M. Taylor, American general and pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1921Guy Beaulne, Canadian actor and director (d. 2001)
  • 1922Micheline Ostermeyer, French discus thrower, shot putter, and pianist (d. 2001)
  • 1923Onofre Marimón, Argentinian race car driver (d. 1954)
  • 1923 – Günther Schifter, Austrian journalist and radio host (d. 2008)
  • 1923 – James Stockdale, American admiral and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2005)
  • 1924Bob Kurland, American basketball player and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1925Duncan Hallas, English author and politician (d. 2002)
  • 1925 – Rayner Unwin, English publisher (d. 2000)
  • 1926Robert Bly, American poet and essayist
  • 1926 – Harold Dorman, American rock & roll singer-songwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1929Chet Baker, American jazz trumpet player, flugelhorn player, and singer (d. 1988)
  • 1929 – Dick Weber, American professional bowler (d. 2005)
  • 1932Richard Clark Barkley, American soldier, academic, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to East Germany (d. 2015)
  • 1933Akihito, Japanese emperor
  • 1933 – Noella Leduc, American baseball player (d. 2014)
  • 1935Paul Hornung, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1935 – Johnny Kidd, English rock & roll singer-songwriter (d. 1966)
  • 1935 – Abdul Ghani Minhat, Malaysian footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1935 – Esther Phillips, American R&B singer (d. 1984)
  • 1936Bobby Ross, American football player and coach
  • 1936 – Willie Wood, American football player
  • 1937Barney Rosenzweig, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1937 – Nelson Shanks, American painter, historian, and educator (d. 2015)
  • 1938Bob Kahn, American computer scientist and engineer, co-developed the Transmission Control Protocol
  • 1939Nancy Graves, American sculptor and painter (d. 1995)
  • 1940Mamnoon Hussain, Pakistani businessman and politician, 12th President of Pakistan
  • 1940 – Jorma Kaukonen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1940 – Robert Labine, Canadian politician
  • 1940 – Jeanie Lambe, Scottish jazz singer
  • 1940 – Kevin Longbottom, Australian rugby league player (d. 1986)
  • 1940 – Eugene Record, American soul singer-songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1941Peter Davis, English businessman
  • 1941 – Tim Hardin, American folk singer-songwriter and musician (d. 1980)
  • 1942Quentin Bryce, Australian lawyer and politician, 25th Governor-General of Australia
  • 1943Ron Allen, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Mikhail Leonidovich Gromov, Russian-French mathematician and academic
  • 1943 – Harry Shearer, American actor, voice artist, and comedian
  • 1943 – Queen Silvia of Sweden
  • 1944Wesley Clark, American general
  • 1945 – Adly Mansour, Egyptian lawyer, judge, and politician, President of Egypt
  • 1945 – Geoffrey Wheatcroft, English journalist and author
  • 1946Robbie Dupree, American singer-songwriter
  • 1946 – Edita Gruberová, Slovak soprano and actress
  • 1946 – Susan Lucci, American actress
  • 1946 – John Sullivan, English screenwriter, producer, and composer (d. 2011)
  • 1947Bill Rodgers, American runner
  • 1948David Davis, English politician, Minister of State for Europe
  • 1948 – Jim Ferguson, American guitarist, composer, and journalist
  • 1948 – Jack Ham, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1948 – Rick Wohlhuter, American runner
  • 1949Adrian Belew, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – Reinhold Weege, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1950Michael C. Burgess, American obstetrician and politician
  • 1950 – Richard Dannatt, Baron Dannatt, English general
  • 1950 – Vicente del Bosque, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1950 – Ilchi Lee, South Korean author and educator
  • 1951Anthony Phillips, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1952William Kristol, American journalist, publisher, and political activist/pundit
  • 1953Andres Alver, Estonian architect and academic
  • 1953 – Gerrit W. Gong, American religious leader and academic
  • 1954Raivo Järvi, Estonian radio host and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1955Carol Ann Duffy, Scottish poet and playwright
  • 1955 – Grace Knight, English-Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1956Michele Alboreto, Italian race car driver (d. 2001)
  • 1956 – Dave Murray, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1957Dan Bigras, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1957 – Peter Wynn, Australian rugby league player and businessman
  • 1958Joan Severance, American actress
  • 1958 – Victoria Williams, American singer-songwriter
  • 1961Ezzat el Kamhawi, Egyptian journalist and author
  • 1961 – Ketan J. Patel, Kenyan-English biologist and academic
  • 1961 – Carol Smillie, Scottish model and actress
  • 1961 – Lorna Tolentino, Filipino actress and producer
  • 1962Bertrand Gachot, Belgian race car driver
  • 1962 – Stefan Hell, Romanian-German physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1962 – Kang Je-gyu, South Korean director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Keiji Mutoh, Japanese wrestler and actor
  • 1963Jim Harbaugh, American football player and coach
  • 1963 – Jess Harnell, American singer-songwriter
  • 1963 – Donna Tartt, American author
  • 1963 – Ante Zelck, German businessman
  • 1964Eddie Vedder, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1966Badi Assad, Brazilian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967Carla Bruni, Italian-French singer-songwriter and model
  • 1967 – Tim Fountain, English author and playwright
  • 1967 – Otis Grant, Jamaican-Canadian boxer, coach, and manager
  • 1968Karyn Bryant, American journalist, actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Barry Kooser, American painter and animator
  • 1968 – Manuel Rivera-Ortiz, Puerto Rican-American photographer
  • 1968 – René Tretschok, German footballer and manager
  • 1969Greg Biffle, American race car driver
  • 1969 – Martha Byrne, American actress and singer
  • 1969 – Rob Pelinka, American sports agent
  • 1969 – Rodney Culver, American football player (d. 1996)
  • 1970Catriona LeMay Doan, Canadian speed skater and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Raymont Harris, American football player
  • 1970 – Karine Polwart, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971Chris Cook, American race car driver
  • 1971 – Corey Haim, Canadian actor (d. 2010)
  • 1971 – Jo Johnson, English banker, journalist, and politician
  • 1971 – Michalis Klokidis, Greek footballer
  • 1971 – Tara Palmer-Tomkinson, English model, actress, and author (d. 2017)
  • 1971 – Wim Vansevenant, Belgian cyclist
  • 1971 – Masayoshi Yamazaki, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1972Christian Potenza, Canadian actor, voice actor and singer
  • 1972 – Morgan, Italian singer-songwriter and composer
  • 1974Agustín Delgado, Ecuadorian footballer and politician
  • 1974 – Mieszko Talarczyk, Polish-Swedish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2004)
  • 1975Vadim Sharifijanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Lady Starlight, American singer-songwriter
  • 1976Joanna Hayes, American hurdler and coach
  • 1976 – Brad Lidge, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Dimitris Mavrogenidis, Uzbek-Greek footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Jamie Noble, American wrestler and producer
  • 1977Matt Baker, English television presenter
  • 1977 – Alge Crumpler, American football player
  • 1977 – Tore Johansen, Norwegian trumpeter and composer
  • 1977 – Jari Mäenpää, Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1977 – Paul Shirley, American basketball player and blogger
  • 1978Esthero, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1978 – Andra Davis, American football player
  • 1978 – Víctor Martínez, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1978 – Estella Warren, Canadian swimmer, model, and actress
  • 1979Abraham Chebii, Kenyan runner
  • 1979 – Scott Gomez, American ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Megan Mayhew Bergman, American author and educator
  • 1979 – Kenny Miller, Scottish footballer
  • 1979 – Yukifumi Murakami, Japanese javelin thrower
  • 1980Cody Ross, American baseball player
  • 1981Maritza Correia, Puerto Rican-American swimmer
  • 1981 – Yuriorkis Gamboa, Cuban boxer
  • 1981 – Hiro Fujiwara, Japanese manga artist
  • 1981 – Agnes Milowka, Polish-Australian diver, explorer, photographer, and author (d. 2011)
  • 1981 – Mario Santana, Argentinian footballer
  • 1982Brad Nelson, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Thomas Rohregger, Austrian cyclist
  • 1983Michael Chopra, English footballer
  • 1983 – Lisa Dobriskey, English runner
  • 1983 – Hanley Ramírez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984Dudu Aharon, Israeli singer-songwriter
  • 1984 – Josh Satin, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Sebastian Werle, German rugby player
  • 1985Harry Judd, English drummer and songwriter
  • 1986Thomas Bourgin, French motorcycle racer (d. 2013)
  • 1986 – Beau Champion, Australian rugby league player
  • 1986 – Balázs Dzsudzsák, Hungarian footballer
  • 1986 – T. J. Oshie, American ice hockey player
  • 1987Tommaso Bellazzini, Italian footballer
  • 1987 – Owen Franks, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1988Mallory Hagan, Miss America 2013
  • 1989Liis Koger, Estonian painter and poet
  • 1992Jeff Schlupp, German footballer
  • 1994Reed Alexander, American actor
  • 1996Bartosz Kapustka, Polish footballer
  • 2002Finn Wolfhard, Canadian actor and musician

Deaths

  • 423Ming Yuan Di, ruler of Northern Wei (b. 392)
  • 484Huneric, Vandal king[1]
  • 668Gabriel of Beth Qustan, bishop and saint (b. 594)
  • 679Dagobert II, Frankish king (probable;[4] b. 650)
  • 761Gaubald, Frankish bishop (b. 700)
  • 889Solomon II, bishop of Constance
  • 910Naum of Preslav, Bulgarian missionary and scholar
  • 918Conrad I, king of East Francia (b. 890)
  • 940Ar-Radi, Abbasid caliph (b. 909)
  • 1172Ugo Ventimiglia, Italian cardinal
  • 1193Thorlak, patron saint of Iceland (b. 1133)
  • 1230Berengaria of Navarre, queen of England (b. 1165)
  • 1304Matilda of Habsburg, duchess regent of Bavaria (b. 1253)
  • 1383Beatrice of Bourbon, Queen of Bohemia (b. 1320)
  • 1384Thomas Preljubović, ruler of Epirus
  • 1392Isabella of Castile, duchess of York (b. 1355)
  • 1556Nicholas Udall, English cleric, playwright, and educator (b. 1504)
  • 1568Roger Ascham, English scholar and academic (b. 1515)
  • 1575Akiyama Nobutomo, Japanese samurai (b. 1531)
  • 1588Henry I, duke of Guise (b. 1550)
  • 1631Michael Drayton, English poet and playwright (b. 1563)
  • 1638Barbara Longhi, Italian painter (b. 1552)[5]
  • 1646François Maynard, French poet and academic (b. 1582)
  • 1652John Cotton, English minister and theologian (b. 1585)
  • 1675Caesar, duc de Choiseul, French general and diplomat (b. 1602)
  • 1722Pierre Varignon, French mathematician and academic (b. 1654)
  • 1761Alastair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish spy (b. 1725)
  • 1763Antoine François Prévost, French novelist and translator (b. 1697)
  • 1771Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, Canadian nun and saint, founded Grey Nuns (b. 1701)
  • 1779Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, English admiral and politician, Chief Secretary for Ireland (b. 1724)
  • 1789Charles-Michel de l'Épée, French priest and educator (b. 1712)
  • 1795Henry Clinton, English general and politician (b. 1730)
  • 1805Pehr Osbeck, Swedish explorer and author (b. 1723)
  • 1834Thomas Robert Malthus, English economist and demographer (b. 1766)
  • 1884John Chisum, American businessman and poker player (b. 1824)
  • 1889Constance Naden, English poet and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 1902Frederick Temple, English archbishop and academic (b. 1821)
  • 1906Mdungazwe Ngungunyane Nxumalo, last emperor of the Gaza Empire (b. c.1850)
  • 1912Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist and academic (b. 1850)
  • 1926Swami Shraddhanand, Indian monk, missionary, and educator (b. 1856)
  • 1930Mustafa Fehmi Kubilay, Turkish lieutenant and educator (b. 1906)
  • 1931Wilson Bentley, American meteorologist and photographer (b. 1865)
  • 1939Anthony Fokker, Indonesia-born Dutch pilot and engineer, designed the Fokker Dr.I and Fokker D.VII (b. 1890)[6]
  • 1946John A. Sampson, American gynecologist and academic (b. 1873)
  • 1948Akira Mutō, Japanese general (b. 1883)
  • 1948 – Hideki Tojo, Japanese general and politician, 40th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1884)
  • 1948 – Seishirō Itagaki, Japanese general (b. 1885)
  • 1948 – Heitarō Kimura, Japanese general (b. 1888)
  • 1948 – Iwane Matsui, Japanese general (b. 1878)
  • 1948 – Kenji Doihara, Japanese general (b. 1883)
  • 1948 – Kōki Hirota, Japanese diplomat and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1878)
  • 1950Vincenzo Tommasini, Italian composer (b. 1878)
  • 1953Lavrentiy Beria, Georgian-Russian general and politician, Russian Minister of Internal Affairs (b. 1899)
  • 1954René Iché, French soldier and sculptor (b. 1897)
  • 1961Carolyn Sherwin Bailey, American author (b. 1875)
  • 1961 – Kurt Meyer, German general (b. 1910)
  • 1970Charles Ruggles, American actor (b. 1886)
  • 1970 – Aleksander Warma, Estonian lieutenant and politician, Prime Minister of Estonia in exile (b. 1890)
  • 1972Andrei Tupolev, Russian engineer, designed the Tupolev Tu-95 and Tupolev Tu-104 (b. 1888)
  • 1973Charles Atlas, Italian-American bodybuilder and model (b. 1892)
  • 1973 – Irna Phillips, American screenwriter, created Guiding Light and As the World Turns (b. 1901)
  • 1979Peggy Guggenheim, American-Italian art collector (b. 1898)
  • 1982Jack Webb, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1920)
  • 1983Colin Middleton, Irish painter and illustrator (b. 1910)
  • 1984Joan Lindsay, Australian author and playwright (b. 1896)
  • 1992Vincent Fourcade, French interior designer (b. 1934)
  • 1994Sebastian Shaw, English actor, director, and playwright (b. 1905)
  • 1995Patric Knowles, English actor (b. 1911)
  • 1998Joe Orlando, Italian-American author and illustrator (b. 1927)
  • 2000Billy Barty, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – Victor Borge, Danish-American comedian, pianist, and conductor (b. 1909)
  • 2001Bola Ige, Nigerian lawyer and politician, 3rd Governor of Oyo State (b. 1930)
  • 2004P. V. Narasimha Rao, Indian lawyer and politician, 9th Prime Minister of India (b. 1921)
  • 2005Lajos Baróti, Hungarian footballer and manager (b. 1914)
  • 2006Charlie Drake, English actor (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Timothy J. Tobias, American pianist and composer (b. 1952)
  • 2006 – Johnny Vincent, English footballer (b. 1947)
  • 2007William Francis Ganong, Jr., American physiologist and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Michael Kidd, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Oscar Peterson, Canadian pianist and composer (b. 1925)[7]
  • 2009Robert L. Howard, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1939)
  • 2009 – Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme, Tibetan general and politician (b. 1910)
  • 2009 – Edward Schillebeeckx, Belgian theologian and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2010Fred Hargesheimer, American soldier and pilot (b. 1916)
  • 2010 – K. Karunakaran, Indian lawyer and politician, 7th Chief Minister of Kerala (b. 1918)
  • 2011Aydın Menderes, Turkish economist and politician (b. 1946)
  • 2012Jean Harris, American educator and murderer (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Eduardo Maiorino, Brazilian mixed martial artist and kick-boxer (b. 1979)
  • 2013Chryssa, Greek-American sculptor (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Mikhail Kalashnikov, Russian general and weapons designer, designed the AK-47 rifle (b. 1919)[8]
  • 2013 – Yusef Lateef, American saxophonist, composer, and educator (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Ricky Lawson, American drummer and composer (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – José Ortiz, Spanish illustrator (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – G. S. Shivarudrappa, Indian poet and educator (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Kerimbubu Shopokova, Kyrgyzstani collective farm worker of the Soviet era (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Robert W. Wilson, American philanthropist and art collector (b. 1928)
  • 2014Edward Greenspan, Canadian lawyer and author (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Robert V. Hogg, American statistician and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2015Alfred G. Gilman, American pharmacologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Don Howe, English footballer and manager (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Jean-Marie Pelt, French biologist, pharmacist, and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Bülent Ulusu, Turkish admiral and politician, 18th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1923)
  • 2017Maurice Hayes, Irish educator and politician (b. 1927)

Holidays and observances

  • Birthday of the Queen Silvia, an official flag day (Sweden)
  • Children's Day (South Sudan and Sudan)
  • Christian Feast Day:
    • Abassad (Coptic Church)
    • Behnam, Sarah, and the Forty Martyrs (Coptic Church)[9]
    • Dagobert II
    • John Cantius
    • O Emmanuel
    • Psote (Coptic Church)
    • Thorlac Thorhallsson, patron saint of Iceland; The last day of preparations before Christmas.
    • Victoria
    • December 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of all level operational control structures servicemen (Ukraine)
  • Festivus, a parody holiday made popular by the sitcom Seinfeld
  • HumanLight (Secular humanism in United States)
  • Kisan Diwas (Uttar Pradesh, India)
  • Night of the Radishes (Oaxaca City, Mexico)
  • Tibb's Eve (Newfoundland and Labrador)
  • Tom Bawcock's Eve (Mousehole, Cornwall)
  • Victory Day (Egypt)

References

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External links

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