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[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".December 22 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. Nine days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • AD 69Vespasian is proclaimed Emperor of Rome; his predecessor, Vitellius, attempts to abdicate but is captured and killed at the Gemonian stairs.[1]
  • 401Pope Innocent I is elected.
  • 856Damghan earthquake: An earthquake near the Persian city of Damghan kills an estimated 200,000 people, the sixth deadliest earthquake in recorded history.
  • 880Luoyang, eastern capital of the Tang dynasty, is captured by rebel leader Huang Chao during the reign of Emperor Xizong.
  • 1135Stephen of Blois becomes King of England.
  • 1216Pope Honorius III approves the Dominican Order through the papal bull of confirmation Religiosam vitam.
  • 1622 – The town of Bucaramanga, Colombia, is founded by Andres Paes de Sotomayor.[2]
  • 1769Sino-Burmese War: The war ends with an uneasy truce.
  • 1788Nguyễn Huệ proclaims himself Emperor Quang Trung, in effect abolishing on his own the Lê dynasty.
  • 1790 – The Turkish fortress of Izmail is stormed and captured by Alexander Suvorov and his Russian armies.
  • 1807 – The Embargo Act, forbidding trade with all foreign countries, is passed by the U.S. Congress, at the urging of President Thomas Jefferson.
  • 1808Ludwig van Beethoven conducts and performs in concert at the Theater an der Wien, Vienna, with the premiere of his Fifth Symphony, Sixth Symphony, Fourth Piano Concerto (performed by Beethoven himself) and Choral Fantasy (with Beethoven at the piano).
  • 1851 – India's first freight train is operated in Roorkee, India.
  • 1864American Civil War: Savannah, Georgia, falls to the forces of General Sherman.
  • 1885Itō Hirobumi, a samurai, became the first Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 1888 – The Christmas Meeting of 1888, considered to be the official start of the Faroese independence movement.[3]
  • 1890Cornwallis Valley Railway begins operation between Kentville and Kingsport, Nova Scotia.
  • 1891 – Asteroid 323 Brucia becomes the first asteroid discovered using photography.
  • 1894 – The Dreyfus affair begins in France, when Alfred Dreyfus is wrongly convicted of treason.
  • 1920 – The GOELRO economic development plan is adopted by the 8th Congress of Soviets of the Russian SFSR.
  • 1921 – Opening of Visva-Bharati College, also known as Santiniketan College, now Visva Bharati University, India.
  • 1937 – The Lincoln Tunnel opens to traffic in New York City.[4]
  • 1939 – Indian Muslims observe a "Day of Deliverance" to celebrate the resignations of members of the Indian National Congress over their not having been consulted over the decision to enter World War II with the United Kingdom.[5]
  • 1940 – World War II: Himara is captured by the Greek army.
  • 1942 – World War II: Adolf Hitler signs the order to develop the V-2 rocket as a weapon.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of the Bulge: German troops demand the surrender of United States troops at Bastogne, Belgium, prompting the famous one word reply by General Anthony McAuliffe: "Nuts!"
  • 1944 – World War II: The Vietnam People's Army is formed to resist Japanese occupation of Indochina, now Vietnam.
  • 1948Sjafruddin Prawiranegara established the Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (Pemerintah Darurat Republik Indonesia, PDRI) in West Sumatra.
  • 1951 – The Selangor Labour Party is founded in Selangor, Malaya.
  • 1963 – The cruise ship Lakonia burns Script error: No such module "convert". north of Madeira, Portugal with the loss of 128 lives.[6]
  • 1964 – The first test flight of the SR-71 (Blackbird) takes place at Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, California, United States.
  • 1965 – In the United Kingdom, a 70 mph speed limit is applied to all rural roads including motorways for the first time.
  • 1968Cultural Revolution: People's Daily posted the instructions of Mao Zedong that "The intellectual youth must go to the country, and will be educated from living in rural poverty."
  • 1974Grande Comore, Anjouan and Mohéli vote to become the independent nation of Comoros. Mayotte remains under French administration.
  • 1974 – The house of former British Prime Minister Edward Heath is attacked by members of the Provisional IRA.
  • 1978 – The pivotal Third Plenum of the 11th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is held in Beijing, with Deng Xiaoping reversing Mao-era policies to pursue a program for Chinese economic reform.
  • 1984 – "Subway vigilante" Bernhard Goetz shoots four would-be muggers on an express train in Manhattan section of New York, United States.[7]
  • 1987 – In Zimbabwe, the political parties ZANU and ZAPU reach an agreement that ends the violence in the Matabeleland region known as the Gukurahundi.
  • 1989Communist President of Romania Nicolae Ceaușescu is overthrown by Ion Iliescu after days of bloody confrontations. The deposed dictator and his wife flee Bucharest in a helicopter as protesters erupt in cheers.
  • 1989 – Berlin's Brandenburg Gate re-opens after nearly 30 years, effectively ending the division of East and West Germany.
  • 1990Lech Wałęsa is elected President of Poland.
  • 1990 – Final independence of Marshall Islands and Federated States of Micronesia after termination of trusteeship.
  • 1996Airborne Express Flight 827 crashes near Narrows, Virginia, killing all six people on board.[8]
  • 1997Acteal massacre: Attendees at a prayer meeting of Roman Catholic activists for indigenous causes in the small village of Acteal in the Mexican state of Chiapas are massacred by paramilitary forces.
  • 1997 – Hussein Farrah Aidid relinquishes the disputed title of President of Somalia by signing the Cairo Declaration, in Cairo, Egypt. It is the first major step towards reconciliation in Somalia since 1991.
  • 1999 – Just after taking off from London Stansted Airport, Korean Air Cargo Flight 8509 crashes into Hatfield Forest near Great Hallingbury, killing all four people on board.[9]
  • 2001Burhanuddin Rabbani, political leader of the Northern Alliance, hands over power in Afghanistan to the interim government headed by President Hamid Karzai.
  • 2001 – Richard Reid attempts to destroy a passenger airliner by igniting explosives hidden in his shoes aboard American Airlines Flight 63.
  • 2008 – An ash dike ruptured at a solid waste containment area in Roane County, Tennessee, releasing Script error: No such module "convert". of coal fly ash slurry.
  • 2010 – The repeal of the Don't ask, don't tell policy, the 17-year-old policy banning homosexuals serving openly in the United States military, is signed into law by President Barack Obama.
  • 2012Bashir Ahmad Bilour of Awami National Party and eight others are killed in a Pakistan Taliban bomber suicide attack in Dhaki Nalbandi area near Qissa Khwani Bazaar.[10]
  • 2016 – A study finds the VSV-EBOV vaccine against the Ebola virus between 70-100% effective, and thus making it the first proven vaccine against the disease.
  • 2017United Nations Security Council Resolution 2397 against North Korea is unanimously approved.
  • 2018 – A tsunami caused by an eruption of Anak Krakatau in Indonesia killed at least 430 people and injured almost a thousand more.

Births

  • 244Diocletian, Roman emperor (d. 311)[11]
  • 948Gang Gam-chan, Korean official and general (d. 1031)
  • 1095Roger II of Sicily (d. 1154)[12]
  • 1178Emperor Antoku of Japan (d. 1185)
  • 1183Chagatai Khan, Mongol ruler (d. 1242)
  • 1300Khutughtu Khan Kusala, Mongolian emperor (d. 1329)
  • 1459Sultan Cem, Ottoman politician (d. 1495)
  • 1546Kuroda Yoshitaka, Japanese daimyō (d. 1604)
  • 1550Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher and author (d. 1631)
  • 1569Étienne Martellange, French architect (d. 1641)
  • 1591Tommaso Dingli, Maltese architect and sculptor (d. 1666)
  • 1639Jean Racine, French poet and playwright (d. 1699)
  • 1666Guru Gobind Singh, Indian guru and poet (d. 1708)
  • 1694Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and academic (d. 1768)
  • 1696James Oglethorpe, English general and politician, 1st Colonial Governor of Georgia (d. 1785)
  • 1723Carl Friedrich Abel, German viol player and composer (d. 1787)
  • 1765Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician and academic (d. 1825)
  • 1799Nicholas Callan, Irish priest and physicist (d. 1864)
  • 1805John Obadiah Westwood, English entomologist and archaeologist (d. 1893)
  • 1807Johan Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian author, poet, and critic (d. 1873)
  • 1819Franz Abt, German composer and conductor (d. 1870)
  • 1819 – Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician and academic (d. 1892)
  • 1839John Nevil Maskelyne, English magician (d. 1917)
  • 1850Victoriano Huerta, Mexican general and politician, 35th President of Mexico (d. 1916)
  • 1853Teresa Carreño, Venezuelan-American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1917)
  • 1853 – Evgraf Fedorov, Russian mathematician, crystallographer, and mineralogist (d. 1919)
  • 1853Sarada Devi, Indian mystic and philosopher (d. 1920)
  • 1856Frank B. Kellogg, American lawyer and politician, 45th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1937)
  • 1858Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer and educator (d. 1924)
  • 1862Connie Mack, American baseball player and manager (d. 1956)
  • 1865Charles Sands, American golfer and tennis player (d. 1945)
  • 1868Jaan Tõnisson, Estonian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Estonia (d. 1941?)
  • 1869Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 1931)
  • 1869 – Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet and playwright (d. 1935)
  • 1872Camille Guérin, French veterinarian and bacteriologist (d. 1961)
  • 1874Franz Schmidt, Austrian cellist, pianist, and composer (d. 1939)
  • 1876Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Egyptian-Italian poet and composer (d. 1944)
  • 1878Myer Prinstein, Polish-American jumper (d. 1925)
  • 1883Marcus Hurley, American cyclist (d. 1941)
  • 1883 – Edgard Varèse, French-American composer (d. 1965)
  • 1884St. Elmo Brady, African American chemist and educator (d. 1966)
  • 1885Deems Taylor, American conductor and critic (d. 1966)
  • 1887Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician and theorist (d. 1920)
  • 1888J. Arthur Rank, 1st Baron Rank, English businessman, founded Rank Organisation (d. 1972)
  • 1889George Hutson, English runner and soldier (d. 1914)
  • 1892Herman Potočnik, Croatian-Austrian engineer (d. 1929)
  • 1898Vladimir Fock, Russian physicist and mathematician (d. 1974)
  • 1899Gustaf Gründgens, German actor and director (d. 1963)
  • 1900Marc Allégret, French director and screenwriter (d. 1973)
  • 1901Andre Kostelanetz, Russian-American conductor and composer (d. 1980)
  • 1903Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1983)
  • 1905Pierre Brasseur, French-Italian actor and screenwriter (d. 1972)
  • 1905 – Pierre Levegh, French ice hockey player and race car driver (d. 1955)
  • 1905 – Kenneth Rexroth, American poet, translator, and academic (d. 1982)
  • 1907Peggy Ashcroft, English actress (d. 1991)
  • 1908Giacomo Manzù, Italian sculptor and academic (d. 1991)
  • 1909Patricia Hayes, English actress (d. 1998)
  • 1911Danny O'Dea, English actor (d. 2003)
  • 1912Elias Degiannis, Greek commander (d. 1943)
  • 1912 – Lady Bird Johnson, American beautification activist; 38th First Lady of the United States (d. 2007)
  • 1913Giorgio Oberweger, Italian discus thrower and hurdler (d. 1998)
  • 1915Barbara Billingsley, American actress (d. 2010)
  • 1915 – Phillip Glasier, English author and academic (d. 2000)
  • 1917Gene Rayburn, American game show host and actor (d. 1999)
  • 1921Dimitri Fampas, Greek guitarist and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Hawkshaw Hawkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1963)
  • 1922Ruth Roman, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Jim Wright, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 56th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 2015)
  • 1923Peregrine Worsthorne, English journalist and author
  • 1924Frank Corsaro, American actor and director (d. 2017)
  • 1925Lewis Glucksman, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Lefter Küçükandonyadis, Turkish footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1926Alcides Ghiggia, Italian-Uruguayan footballer and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Roberta Leigh (Rita Shulman Lewin), British writer, artist and TV producer (d. 2014)
  • 1928Fredrik Barth, German-Norwegian anthropologist and academic (d. 2016)
  • 1929Wazir Mohammad, Indian-Pakistani cricketer
  • 1930Ardalion Ignatyev, Russian sprinter and educator (d. 1998)
  • 1931Gisela Birkemeyer, German hurdler and coach
  • 1931 – Carlos Graça, São Toméan lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe (d. 2013)
  • 1932Phil Woosnam, Welsh soccer player and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1933John Hartle, English motorcycle racer (d. 1968)
  • 1934David Pearson, American race car driver (d. 2018)
  • 1935Paulo Rocha, Portuguese director and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1936James Burke, Irish historian and author
  • 1936 – Héctor Elizondo, American actor and director
  • 1937Charlotte Lamb, English author (d. 2000)
  • 1937 – Eduard Uspensky, Russian author, poet, and playwright (d. 2018)
  • 1937 – Ken Whitmore, English author and playwright
  • 1938Matty Alou, Dominican-American baseball player and scout (d. 2011)
  • 1938 – Lucien Bouchard, Canadian lawyer and politician, 27th Premier of Quebec
  • 1938 – Red Steagall, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, actor, and poet
  • 1940Luis Francisco Cuéllar, Colombian rancher and politician (d. 2009)
  • 1940 – Mike Molloy, English journalist, author, and illustrator
  • 1942Jerry Koosman, American baseball player
  • 1942 – Dick Parry, English saxophonist
  • 1943Stefan Janos, Slovak-Swiss physicist and academic
  • 1943 – Paul Wolfowitz, American banker and politician, 25th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
  • 1944Mary Archer, English chemist and academic
  • 1944 – Steve Carlton, American baseball player
  • 1944 – Barry Jenkins, English drummer
  • 1945Frances Lannon, English historian and academic
  • 1945 – Sam Newman, Australian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1945 – Diane Sawyer, American journalist
  • 1946Roger Carr, English businessman
  • 1946 – C. Eugene Steuerle, American economist and author
  • 1947Brian Daley, American author and screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1947 – Dilip Doshi, Indian cricketer
  • 1948Steve Garvey, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1948 – Don Kardong, American runner, journalist, and author
  • 1948 – Rick Nielsen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – Chris Old, English cricketer and coach
  • 1948 – Lynne Thigpen, American actress and singer (d. 2003)
  • 1949Maurice Gibb, Manx-English singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Robin Gibb, Manx-English singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1949 – Ray Guy, American football player
  • 1951Lasse Bengtsson, Swedish journalist
  • 1951 – Charles de Lint, Dutch-Canadian author and critic
  • 1951 – Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, Anglo-Irish Territorial Army general, landowner, businessman, philanthropist, and hereditary peer (d. 2016)
  • 1951 – Jan Stephenson, Australian golfer
  • 1952Sandra Kalniete, Latvian politician and diplomat, Latvian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1953Ian Turnbull, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1953 – Tom Underwood, American baseball player (d. 2010)
  • 1954Hideshi Matsuda, Japanese race car driver
  • 1954 – Derick Parry, Nevisian cricketer
  • 1955Galina Murašova, Lithuanian discus thrower
  • 1955 – Lonnie Smith, American baseball player
  • 1955 – Thomas C. Südhof, German-American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1956Jane Lighting, English businesswoman
  • 1957Stephen Conway, English bishop
  • 1957 – Carole James, English-Canadian educator and politician
  • 1957 – Peter Mortimer, Australian rugby league player
  • 1958Frank Gambale, Australian guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1958 – David Heavener, American singer-songwriter, producer, actor, and director
  • 1959Bernd Schuster, German footballer and manager
  • 1960Jean-Michel Basquiat, American painter and poet (d. 1988)
  • 1960 – Mark Brydon, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1960 – Luther Campbell, American rapper and actor
  • 1961Andrew Fastow, American businessman
  • 1961 – Yuri Malenchenko, Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1962Ralph Fiennes, English actor
  • 1963Giuseppe Bergomi, Italian footballer and coach
  • 1963 – Russell Lewis, British television writer and former child actor
  • 1963 – Brian McMillan, South African cricketer and educator
  • 1963 – Luna H. Mitani, Japanese-American painter and illustrator
  • 1964Simon Kirby, English businessman and politician
  • 1964 – Mike Jackson, American baseball player
  • 1965 – David S. Goyer, American screenwriter
  • 1965Urszula Włodarczyk, Polish heptathlete and triple jumper
  • 1966Dmitry Bilozerchev, Russian gymnast and coach
  • 1966 – Marcel Schirmer, German singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1966 – David Wright, English lawyer and politician
  • 1967Richey Edwards, Welsh singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1995)
  • 1967 – Stéphane Gendron, Canadian lawyer and politician
  • 1967 – Rebecca Harris, English businesswoman and politician
  • 1967 – Paul Morris, Australian race car driver and businessman
  • 1967 – Dan Petrescu, Romanian footballer and manager
  • 1968Emre Aracı, Turkish composer, conductor, and historian
  • 1968 – Luis Hernández, Mexican footballer
  • 1968 – Dina Meyer, American actress
  • 1969Myriam Bédard, Canadian biathlete
  • 1969 – Mark Robins, English footballer and manager
  • 1970Ted Cruz, American lawyer and politician
  • 1970 – Gary Anderson, Scottish darts player
  • 1971Ajeenkya Patil, Indian economist and academic
  • 1972Kirk Maltby, Canadian ice hockey player and scout
  • 1972 – Vanessa Paradis, French singer-songwriter and actress[13]
  • 1972 – Mark Hill, English musician, producer and songwriter
  • 1974Michael Barron, English footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1974 – Dani García, Spanish footballer
  • 1975Sergei Aschwanden, Swiss martial artist
  • 1975 – Dmitri Khokhlov, Russian footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Marcin Mięciel, Polish footballer
  • 1975 – Stanislav Neckář, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976Katleen De Caluwé, Belgian sprinter
  • 1976 – Jason Lane, American baseball player and coach
  • 1976 – Aya Takano, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1977Steve Kariya, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1978Danny Ahn, South Korean singer
  • 1978 – Joy Ali, Fijian boxer (d. 2015)
  • 1978 – Emmanuel Olisadebe, Nigerian-Polish footballer
  • 1979Jamie Langfield, Scottish footballer and coach
  • 1981Marina Kuptsova, Russian high jumper
  • 1982Britta Heidemann, German fencer
  • 1982 – Rodney Martin, American sprinter
  • 1982 – Alinne Moraes, Brazilian actress and model
  • 1983Ryan Eversley, American race car driver
  • 1983 – Drew Hankinson, American wrestler
  • 1983 – Viola Kibiwot, Kenyan runner
  • 1983 – José Fonte, Portuguese footballer
  • 1984Basshunter, Swedish singer, record producer and DJ
  • 1986Dennis Armfield, Australian footballer
  • 1986 – Fatih Öztürk, Turkish footballer
  • 1987Éder, Bissau-Portuguese footballer
  • 1987 – Johannes Ahun, Estonian windsurfer
  • 1988Leigh Halfpenny, Welsh rugby player
  • 1989Jordin Sparks, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1989 – Jharal Yow Yeh, Australian rugby league player
  • 1990Jean-Baptiste Maunier, French actor and singer
  • 1992Michaela Hončová, Slovak tennis player
  • 1992 – Moonbyul from Mamamoo, K-Pop star
  • 1993David Klemmer, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993 – Meghan Trainor, American singer-songwriter and producer[14]
  • 1993 – Raphaël Guerreiro, Portuguese footballer
  • 1994Rúben Lameiras, Portuguese footballer
  • 1996Mustafizur Rahman, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1998G Hannelius, American actress and singer[15]

Deaths

  • AD 69Vitellius, Roman emperor (b. 15)
  • 731Yuan Qianyao, official of the Chinese Tang Dynasty
  • 1012Baha' al-Dawla, Buyid amir of Iraq
  • 1060Cynesige, Archbishop of York
  • 1100Bretislav II of Bohemia (b. 1060)
  • 1115Olaf Magnusson, King of Norway (b. 1099)
  • 1419Antipope John XXIII
  • 1530Willibald Pirckheimer, German lawyer and author (b. 1470)
  • 1554Alessandro Bonvicino, Italian painter (b. 1498)
  • 1572François Clouet, French miniaturist (b. c. 1510)
  • 1603Mehmed III, Ottoman sultan (b. 1566)
  • 1641Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully, 2nd Prime Minister of France (b. 1560)
  • 1646Petro Mohyla, Ruthenian metropolitan and saint (b. 1596)
  • 1660André Tacquet, Flemish priest and mathematician (b. 1612)
  • 1666Guercino, Italian painter (b. 1591)
  • 1681Richard Alleine, English minister and author (b. 1611)
  • 1767John Newbery, English publisher (b. 1713)
  • 1788Percivall Pott, English physician and surgeon (b. 1714)
  • 1806William Vernon, English-American merchant (b. 1719)
  • 1828William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist and physicist (b. 1766)
  • 1853Manuel María Lombardini, Mexican general and politician. President (1853) (b. 1802)
  • 1867Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician and engineer (b. 1788)
  • 1870Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish journalist, poet, and playwright (b. 1836)
  • 1880George Eliot, English novelist and poet (b. 1819)
  • 1891Paul de Lagarde, German biblical scholar and orientalist (b. 1827)
  • 1899Dwight L. Moody, American evangelist and publisher, founded Moody Publishers (b. 1837)
  • 1902Richard von Krafft-Ebing, German-Austrian psychiatrist and author (b. 1840)
  • 1915Rose Talbot Bullard, American medical doctor and professor (b. 1864)
  • 1917Frances Xavier Cabrini, Italian-American nun and saint (b. 1850)
  • 1918Aristeidis Moraitinis, Greek lieutenant and pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1919Hermann Weingärtner, German gymnast (b. 1864)
  • 1925Amelie Beese, German pilot and engineer (b. 1886)
  • 1939Ma Rainey, American singer (b. 1886)
  • 1940Nathanael West, American author and screenwriter (b. 1903)
  • 1941Karel Hašler, Czech actor, director, composer, and screenwriter (b. 1879)
  • 1942Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (b. 1858)
  • 1943Beatrix Potter, English children's book writer and illustrator (b. 1866)
  • 1944Harry Langdon, American actor, comedian, and vaudevillian (b. 1884)
  • 1950Frederick Freake, English polo player (b. 1876)
  • 1957Frank George Woollard, English engineer (b. 1883)
  • 1959Gilda Gray, Polish-American actress and dancer (b. 1901)
  • 1960Ninian Comper, Scottish-English architect (b. 1864)
  • 1962Ross McLarty, Australian politician, 17th Premier of Western Australia (b. 1891)
  • 1965Richard Dimbleby, English journalist (b. 1913)
  • 1968Raymond Gram Swing, American journalist (b. 1887)
  • 1969Enrique Peñaranda, 45th President of Bolivia (b. 1892)
  • 1971Godfried Bomans, Dutch journalist and author (b. 1913)
  • 1974Sterling North, American author and critic (b. 1906)
  • 1979Darryl F. Zanuck, American director and producer (b. 1902)
  • 1985D. Boon, American singer and musician (b. 1958)
  • 1986Mary Burchell, English author and activist (b. 1904)
  • 1986 – David Penhaligon, Cornish Liberal Politician (b. 1944), MP for Truro (1974-1986)
  • 1987Luca Prodan, Italian-Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1953)
  • 1988Chico Mendes, Brazilian trade union leader and activist (b. 1944)
  • 1989Samuel Beckett, Irish author, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1992Harry Bluestone, English violinist and composer (b. 1907)
  • 1992 – Frederick William Franz, American religious leader (b. 1893)
  • 1993Don DeFore, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1995Butterfly McQueen, American actress and dancer (b. 1911)
  • 1995 – James Meade, English economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
  • 1996Jack Hamm, American cartoonist and television host (b. 1916)
  • 1997Sebastian Arcos Bergnes, Cuban-American dentist and activist (b. 1931)
  • 2001Ovidiu Iacov, Romanian footballer (b. 1981)
  • 2001 – Walter Newton Read, American lawyer and second chairman of the New Jersey Casino Control Commission (b. 1918)
  • 2002Desmond Hoyte, Guyanese lawyer, politician and President of Guyana (b. 1929)[16]
  • 2002 – Joe Strummer, English singer-songwriter (b. 1952)
  • 2004Doug Ault, American baseball player and manager (b. 1950)[17]
  • 2006Elena Mukhina, Russian gymnast (b. 1960)
  • 2006 – Galina Ustvolskaya, Russian composer (b. 1919)
  • 2007Charles Court, Australian politician, 21st Premier of Western Australia (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – Adrian Cristobal, Filipino journalist and playwright (b. 1932)
  • 2009Luis Francisco Cuéllar, Colombian rancher and politician (b. 1940)
  • 2009 – Albert Scanlon, English footballer (b. 1935)
  • 2010Fred Foy, American soldier and announcer (b. 1921)
  • 2012Chuck Cherundolo, American football player and coach (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Ryan Freel, American baseball player (b. 1976)
  • 2012 – Cliff Osmond, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Lim Keng Yaik, Malaysian physician and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2013Diomedes Díaz, Colombian singer-songwriter (b. 1956)
  • 2013 – Hans Hækkerup, Danish lawyer and politician (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – Ed Herrmann, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Oscar Peer, Swiss author, playwright, and philologist (b. 1928)
  • 2014John Robert Beyster, American physicist and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Christine Cavanaugh, American actress (b. 1963)
  • 2014 – Joe Cocker, English singer-songwriter (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Bernard Stone, American lawyer and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2015Peter Lundblad, Swedish singer-songwriter (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Freda Meissner-Blau, Australian activist and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2016Chad Robinson, Australian rugby league player (b. 1980)
  • 2017Gonzalo Morales Sáurez, Costa Rican painter (b. 1945)
  • 2018Simcha Rotem, last survivor of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (b. 1924)
  • 2018 – Herman Sikumbang, Indonesian guitarist (b. 1982); casualty during 2018 Sunda Strait tsunami
  • 2019Ram Dass, American spiritual teacher and author (b. 1931) [18]

Holidays and observances

  • Dongzhi Festival
  • Armed Forces Day (Vietnam)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Anastasia of Sirmium (Orthodox Church)
    • Eimhin
    • Ernan, Son of Eogan
    • Frances Xavier Cabrini (outside US)
    • Hunger
    • O Rex
    • Henry Budd (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Lottie Moon (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • December 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Mother's Day (Indonesia)
  • National Mathematics Day (India)
  • Teachers' Day (Cuba)
  • Unity Day (Zimbabwe)

References

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  10. Suicide attack kills senior minister Bilour, eight others in Peshawar
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External links

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