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Events

  • 1244Pope Innocent IV arrives at Lyon for the First Council of Lyon.
  • 1409 – The University of Leipzig opens.
  • 1697St Paul's Cathedral is consecrated in London.
  • 1763 – Dedication of the Touro Synagogue, in Newport, Rhode Island, the first synagogue in what will become the United States.
  • 1766 – Swedish parliament approved the Swedish Freedom of the Press Act and implemented it as a ground law, thus being first in the world with freedom of speech.
  • 1804 – At Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself Emperor of the French.
  • 1805War of the Third Coalition: Battle of Austerlitz: French troops under Napoleon Bonaparte decisively defeat a joint Russo-Austrian force.
  • 1823Monroe Doctrine: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James Monroe proclaims American neutrality in future European conflicts, and warns European powers not to interfere in the Americas.
  • 1845Manifest destiny: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James K. Polk proposes that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.
  • 1848Franz Joseph I becomes Emperor of Austria.
  • 1851 – French President Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte overthrows the Second Republic.
  • 1852 – Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte becomes Emperor of the French as Napoleon III.
  • 1859 – Militant abolitionist leader John Brown is hanged for his October 16 raid on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.
  • 1865Alabama ratifies 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, followed by North Carolina then Georgia, and U.S. slaves were legally free within two weeks
  • 1867 – At Tremont Temple in Boston, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.
  • 1899Philippine–American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.
  • 1908Puyi becomes Emperor of China at the age of two.
  • 1917World War I: Russia and the Central Powers sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk, and peace talks leading to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk begin.
  • 1927 – Following 19 years of Ford Model T production, the Ford Motor Company unveils the Ford Model A as its new automobile.
  • 1930Great Depression: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President Herbert Hoover proposes a $150 million (Template:Inflation) public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy.
  • 1939 – New York City's LaGuardia Airport opens.
  • 1942World War II: During the Manhattan Project, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiates the first artificial self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction.
  • 1943 – World War II: A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks numerous cargo and transport ships, including the American Template:SS, which is carrying a stockpile of World War I-era mustard gas.
  • 1947Jerusalem Riots of 1947: Riots break out in Jerusalem in response to the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine.
  • 1949Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others is adopted.
  • 1950Korean War: Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River ended, with decisive Chinese victory, UN forces were completely expelled from North Korea.
  • 1954Cold War: The United States Senate votes 65 to 22 to censure Joseph McCarthy for "conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute".
  • 1954 – The Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty, between the United States and Taiwan, is signed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1956 – The Granma reaches the shores of Cuba's Oriente Province. Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and 80 other members of the 26th of July Movement disembark to initiate the Cuban Revolution.
  • 1957United Nations Security Council Resolution 126 relating to Kashmir conflict is adopted.
  • 1961 – In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro declares that he is a Marxist–Leninist and that Cuba is going to adopt Communism.
  • 1962Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the request of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield becomes the first American official to comment adversely on the war's progress.
  • 1970 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency begins operations.
  • 1971Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, and Umm al-Quwain form the United Arab Emirates.
  • 1975Laotian Civil War: The Pathet Lao seizes the Laotian capital of Vientiane, forces the abdication of King Sisavang Vatthana, and proclaims the Lao People's Democratic Republic.
  • 1976Fidel Castro becomes President of Cuba, replacing Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado.
  • 1980Salvadoran Civil War: Four American missionaries are raped and murdered by a death squad.
  • 1982 – At the University of Utah, Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart.
  • 1988Benazir Bhutto is sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first woman to head the government of an Islam-dominated state.
  • 1989 – The Peace Agreement of Hat Yai is signed and ratified by the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) and the governments of Malaysia and Thailand, ending the over two-decade-long communist insurgency in Malaysia.
  • 1991 – Canada and Poland become the first nations to recognize the independence of Ukraine from the Soviet Union.
  • 1993Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar is shot and killed in Medellín.
  • 1993 – Space Shuttle program: STS-61: NASA launches the Space Shuttle Endeavour on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope.
  • 1999 – The United Kingdom devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive following the Good Friday Agreement.
  • 2001Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
  • 2015San Bernardino attack: Syed Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik kill 14 people and wound 22 at the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino, California.
  • 2016 – Thirty-six people die in a fire at a converted Oakland, California, warehouse serving as an artist collective.

Births

  • 503Emperor Jianwen of Liang, emperor of the Chinese Liang dynasty (d. 551)
  • 1501Queen Munjeong, Korean queen (d. 1565)
  • 1578Agostino Agazzari, Italian composer and theorist (d. 1641)
  • 1599Thomas Bruce, 1st Earl of Elgin, Scottish nobleman (d. 1663)
  • 1629William Egon of Fürstenberg, Catholic cardinal (d. 1704)
  • 1694William Shirley, English-American lawyer and politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1771)
  • 1703Ferdinand Konščak, Croatian missionary and explorer (d. 1759)
  • 1738Richard Montgomery, Irish-American general (d. 1775)
  • 1754William Cooper, American judge and politician, founded Cooperstown, New York (d. 1809)
  • 1759James Edward Smith, English botanist and mycologist, founded the Linnean Society (d. 1828)
  • 1760John Breckinridge, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 5th United States Attorney General (d. 1806)
  • 1760 – Joseph Graetz, German organist, composer, and educator (d. 1826)
  • 1798António Luís de Seabra, 1st Viscount of Seabra, Portuguese magistrate and politician (d. 1895)
  • 1810Henry Yesler, American businessman and politician, 7th Mayor of Seattle (d. 1892)
  • 1811Jean-Charles Chapais, Canadian farmer and politician, 1st Canadian Minister of Agriculture (d. 1885)
  • 1817Heinrich von Sybel, German historian, academic, and politician (d. 1895)
  • 1825Pedro II of Brazil (d. 1891)
  • 1827William Burges, English architect and designer (d. 1881)[1]
  • 1846Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau, French lawyer and politician, 68th Prime Minister of France (d. 1904)
  • 1847Deacon White, American baseball player and manager (d. 1939)
  • 1859Georges Seurat, French painter (d. 1891)
  • 1860Charles Studd, England cricketer and missionary (d. 1931)
  • 1863Charles Edward Ringling, American businessman, co-founded the Ringling Brothers Circus (d. 1926)
  • 1866Harry Burleigh, American singer-songwriter (d. 1949)
  • 1876Yusuf Akçura, Tatar-Turkish activist and ideologue of Turanism (d. 1935)
  • 1884Erima Harvey Northcroft, New Zealand soldier, lawyer, and judge (d. 1953)
  • 1884 – Yahya Kemal Beyatlı, Turkish poet and author (d. 1958)
  • 1885George Minot, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1950)
  • 1891Otto Dix, German painter and illustrator (d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Charles H. Wesley, American historian and author (d. 1987)
  • 1894Warren William, American actor (d. 1948)
  • 1895Harriet Cohen, English pianist (d. 1967)
  • 1897Ivan Bagramyan, Russian general (d. 1982)
  • 1897 – Rewi Alley, New Zealand writer and political activist (d. 1987)[2]
  • 1898Indra Lal Roy, Indian lieutenant and first Indian fighter aircraft pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1899John Barbirolli, English cellist and conductor (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – John Cobb, English race car driver and pilot (d. 1952)
  • 1899 – Ray Morehart, American baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1900Elisa Godínez Gómez de Batista, First Lady of Cuba from 1940 to 1944 (d. 1993)
  • 1900 – Herta Hammerbacher, German landscape architect and professor (d. 1985)
  • 1901Raimundo Orsi, Argentinian-Italian footballer (d. 1986)
  • 1906Peter Carl Goldmark, Hungarian-American engineer (d. 1977)
  • 1909Arvo Askola, Finnish runner (d. 1975)
  • 1909 – Walenty Kłyszejko, Estonian–Polish basketball player and coach (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – Joseph P. Lash, American activist and author (d. 1987)
  • 1910Russell Lynes, American photographer, historian, and author (d. 1991)
  • 1910 – Taisto Mäki, Finnish runner (d. 1979)
  • 1912George Emmett, English cricketer and coach (d. 1976)
  • 1913Marc Platt, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 2014)
  • 1914Bill Erwin, American actor (d. 2010)
  • 1914 – Adolph Green, American playwright and composer (d. 2002)
  • 1915Takahito, Prince Mikasa of Japan (d. 2016)
  • 1916Howard Finster, American minister and painter (d. 2001)
  • 1917Sylvia Syms, American singer (d. 1992)
  • 1921Carlo Furno, Italian cardinal (d. 2015)
  • 1922Iakovos Kambanelis, Greek author, poet, and screenwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1923Maria Callas, American-Greek soprano and actress (d. 1977)
  • 1924Jonathan Frid, Canadian actor (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Alexander Haig, American general and politician, 59th United States Secretary of State (d. 2010)
  • 1924 – Else Marie Pade, Danish composer (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – Vilgot Sjöman, Swedish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1925Julie Harris, American actress (d. 2013)
  • 1928Guy Bourdin, French photographer (d. 1991)
  • 1929Dan Jenkins, American journalist and author (d. 2019)
  • 1929 – Leon Litwack, American historian and author
  • 1930Gary Becker, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – David Piper, English race car driver
  • 1931Nigel Calder, English journalist, author, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Gareth Wigan, British film studio executive (Star Wars, Chariots of Fire) (d. 2010)
  • 1931 – Masaaki Hatsumi, Japanese martial artist and educator, founded Bujinkan
  • 1931 – Wynton Kelly, American pianist and composer (d. 1971)
  • 1931 – Edwin Meese, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 75th United States Attorney General
  • 1933Peter Robin Harding, English marshal and pilot
  • 1933 – Mike Larrabee, American sprinter and educator (d. 2003)
  • 1934Tarcisio Bertone, Italian cardinal
  • 1934 – Andre Rodgers, Bahamian baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1935David Hackett Fischer, American historian, author, and academic
  • 1937Manohar Joshi, Indian lawyer and politician, 15th Chief Minister of Maharashtra
  • 1939Yael Dayan, Israeli journalist, author, and politician
  • 1939 – Francis Fox, Canadian lawyer and politician, 48th Secretary of State for Canada
  • 1939 – Harry Reid, American lawyer and politician, 25th Lieutenant Governor of Nevada
  • 1940Willie Brown, American football player, coach, and manager (d. 2019)
  • 1941Mike England, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1941 – Tom McGuinness, English guitarist, songwriter, author, and producer
  • 1942Anna G. Jónasdóttir, Icelandic political scientist and academic
  • 1943Wayne Allard, American veterinarian and politician
  • 1944Ibrahim Rugova, Kosovan journalist and politician, 1st President of Kosovo (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Dionysis Savvopoulos, Greek singer-songwriter
  • 1944 – Botho Strauß, German author and playwright
  • 1945Penelope Spheeris, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1945 – Alan Thomson, Australian cricketer
  • 1946John Banks, New Zealand businessman and politician, 38th Mayor of Auckland City
  • 1946 – Pedro Borbón, Dominican-American baseball player (d. 2012)
  • 1946 – David Macaulay, English-American author and illustrator
  • 1946 – Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer, founded Versace (d. 1997)
  • 1947Isaac Bitton, Moroccan-French drummer and songwriter
  • 1947 – Tommy Jenkins, English footballer and manager
  • 1947 – Ivan Atanassov Petrov, Bulgarian neurologist and author
  • 1948Elizabeth Berg, American nurse and author
  • 1948 – T. Coraghessan Boyle, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1948 – Patricia Hewitt, Australian-English educator and politician, English Secretary of State for Health
  • 1948 – Toninho Horta, Brazilian guitarist and composer
  • 1948 – Antonín Panenka, Czech footballer
  • 1950John Wesley Ryles, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950 – Amin Saikal, Afghan-Australian political scientist and academic
  • 1950 – Benjamin Stora, Algerian-French historian and author
  • 1950 – Paul Watson, Canadian activist, founded the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society
  • 1952Carol Shea-Porter, American social worker, academic, and politician
  • 1954Dan Butler, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1956Steven Bauer, Cuban-American actor and producer
  • 1957Dagfinn Høybråten, Norwegian political scientist and politician, Norwegian Minister of Health
  • 1958Andrew George, English politician
  • 1958 – Vladimir Parfenovich, Belarusian canoe racer and politician
  • 1958 – George Saunders, American short story writer and essayist
  • 1959Kelefa Diallo, Guinean general (d. 2013)
  • 1960Peter Blakeley, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1960 – Razzle, English rock drummer (d. 1984)
  • 1960 – Rick Savage, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1962John Dyegh, Nigerian businessman and politician
  • 1963Brendan Coyle, English actor
  • 1963 – Ann Patchett, American author
  • 1963 – Rich Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player and scout
  • 1963 – Ron Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965Shane Flanagan, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1966Philippe Etchebest, French chef and television host
  • 1966 – Jinsei Shinzaki, Japanese wrestler and promoter, co-founded Sendai Girls' Pro Wrestling
  • 1967Mary Creagh, English scholar and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Transport
  • 1968David Batty, English footballer
  • 1968 – Darryl Kile, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1968 – Lucy Liu, American actress and producer
  • 1968 – Nate Mendel, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1968 – Rena Sofer, American actress
  • 1969Yang Hyun-suk, South Korean singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1969 – Pavel Loskutov, Estonian runner
  • 1969 – Ulrika Bergquist, Swedish journalist
  • 1969 – Tanya Plibersek, Australian journalist and politician, 45th Australian Minister of Health
  • 1969 – Chris Kiwomya, English footballer
  • 1970Maksim Tarasov, Russian pole vaulter
  • 1970 – Treach, American rapper and actor
  • 1971Wilson Jermaine Heredia, American actor and singer
  • 1971 – Rachel McQuillan, Australian tennis player
  • 1971 – Jüri Reinvere, Estonian-German composer and poet
  • 1971 – Francesco Toldo, Italian footballer
  • 1971 – Mine Yoshizaki, Japanese illustrator
  • 1972Sergejs Žoltoks, Latvian ice hockey player (d. 2004)
  • 1973Graham Kavanagh, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Lee Steele, English footballer
  • 1973 – Monica Seles, Serbian-American tennis player
  • 1973 – Jan Ullrich, German cyclist
  • 1975Mark Kotsay, American baseball player
  • 1976Eddy Garabito, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Masafumi Gotoh, Japanese singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1977Siyabonga Nomvethe, South African footballer
  • 1978Jarron Collins, American basketball player and coach
  • 1978 – Jason Collins, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Nelly Furtado, Canadian singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1978 – Luigi Malafronte, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Peter Moylan, Australian baseball player
  • 1978 – Maëlle Ricker, Canadian snowboarder
  • 1978 – David Rivas, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Andrew Ryan, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1978 – Christopher Wolstenholme, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1979Yvonne Catterfeld, German singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1979 – Michael McIndoe, Scottish footballer
  • 1979 – Abdul Razzaq, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1980Adam Kreek, Canadian rower
  • 1980 – Darryn Randall, South African cricketer (d. 2013)
  • 1981Maria Ferekidi, Greek canoe racer
  • 1981 – Eric Jungmann, American actor
  • 1981 – Danijel Pranjić, Croatian footballer
  • 1981 – Britney Spears, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1982Christos Karipidis, Greek footballer
  • 1982 – Matt Ware, American football player
  • 1983Chris Burke, Scottish footballer
  • 1983 – Daniela Ruah, Portuguese-American actress
  • 1983 – Bibiana Candelas, Mexican volleyball player
  • 1983 – Jaime Durán, Mexican footballer
  • 1983 – Jana Kramer, American actress and singer
  • 1983 – Aaron Rodgers, American football player
  • 1984Péter Máté, Hungarian footballer
  • 1985Amaury Leveaux, French swimmer
  • 1985 – Dorell Wright, American basketball player
  • 1986Edson Décimo Alves Araújo, Brazilian footballer (d. 2014)
  • 1986 – Veronika Kapshay, Ukrainian tennis player
  • 1986 – Claudiu Keșerü, Romanian footballer
  • 1986 – Adam le Fondre, English footballer
  • 1986 – Song Ha-yoon, South Korean actress
  • 1986 – Tal Wilkenfeld, Australian bass player and composer
  • 1988Alfred Enoch, English actor
  • 1988 – Fuse ODG, English recording artist
  • 1988 – Stephen McGinn, Scottish footballer
  • 1989Etta Bond, English singer-songwriter
  • 1989 – Cassie Steele, Canadian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1989 – Matteo Darmian, Italian footballer
  • 1990Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1990 – Jamille Matt, Jamaican footballer
  • 1990 – Gastón Ramírez, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1990 – Fausto Rossi, Italian footballer
  • 1990 – Hikaru Yaotome, Japanese idol, singer, model and actor
  • 1991Chloé Dufour-Lapointe, Canadian skier
  • 1991 – Charlie Puth, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1992Gary Sánchez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1993Haruka Ishida, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1993 – Kostas Stafylidis, Greek footballer
  • 1994Fumika Shimizu, Japanese actress and model
  • 1994 – Cauley Woodrow, English footballer
  • 1994 – Tomokaze Yūta, Japanese sumo wrestler
  • 1995Uladzislau Hancharou, Belarusian trampolinist
  • 1995 – Joe Stimson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1995 – Inori Minase, Japanese actress, voice actress and singer
  • 1998Juice Wrld, American rapper (d. 2019)

Deaths

  • 537Pope Silverius
  • 930Ma Yin, Chinese warlord, king of Chu (Ten Kingdoms) (b. 853)
  • 949Odo of Wetterau, German nobleman
  • 1022Elvira Menéndez, queen of Alfonso V of Castile (b. 996)
  • 1255Muhammad III of Alamut, Nizari Ismaili Imam[3]
  • 1340Geoffrey le Scrope, Chief Justice of King Edward III of England
  • 1348Emperor Hanazono of Japan (b. 1297)
  • 1381John of Ruusbroec, Flemish priest and mystic (b. 1293)
  • 1455Isabel of Coimbra, queen of Portugal (b. 1432)
  • 1463Albert VI, Archduke of Austria (b. 1418)
  • 1469Piero di Cosimo de' Medici, Italian banker and politician (b. 1416)
  • 1510Muhammad Shaybani, Khan of Bukhara (b. 1451)
  • 1515Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (b. 1453)
  • 1547Hernán Cortés, Spanish general and explorer (b. 1485)
  • 1594Gerardus Mercator, Flemish mathematician, cartographer, and philosopher (b. 1512)
  • 1615Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon, French general (b. 1541)
  • 1665Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet, French author (b. 1588)
  • 1694Pierre Puget, French painter, sculptor, and architect (b. 1622)
  • 1719Pasquier Quesnel, French theologian and author (b. 1634)
  • 1723Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (b. 1674)
  • 1726Samuel Penhallow, English-American historian and author (b. 1665)
  • 1747Vincent Bourne, English poet and scholar (b. 1695)
  • 1748Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician, Lord President of the Council (b. 1662)
  • 1774Johann Friedrich Agricola, German organist and composer (b. 1720)
  • 1814Marquis de Sade, French philosopher, author, and politician (b. 1740)
  • 1844Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (b. 1768)
  • 1849Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 1792)
  • 1859John Brown, American abolitionist (b. 1800)
  • 1881Jenny von Westphalen, German author (b. 1814)
  • 1885Allen Wright, Principal chief of the Choctaw Nation (1866-1870); proposed the name "Oklahoma", from Choctaw words okra and umma, meaning "Territory of the Red People." (b. 1826)
  • 1888Namık Kemal, Turkish journalist, poet, and playwright (b. 1840)
  • 1892Jay Gould, American businessman and financier (b. 1836)
  • 1899Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general and politician, 1st Governor of Bulacan (b. 1875)
  • 1918Edmond Rostand, French poet and playwright (b. 1868)
  • 1924Kazimieras Būga, Lithuanian linguist and philologist (b. 1879)
  • 1927Paul Heinrich von Groth, German scientist who systematically classified minerals and founded the journal Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie (b. 1843)
  • 1931Vincent d'Indy, French composer and educator (b. 1851)
  • 1936John Ringling, American businessman, co-founded Ringling Brothers Circus (b. 1866)
  • 1943Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian journalist and author (b. 1902)
  • 1944Josef Lhévinne, Russian pianist and educator (b. 1874)
  • 1944 – Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Egyptian-Italian poet and composer (b. 1876)
  • 1944 – Eiji Sawamura, Japanese baseball player and soldier (b. 1917)
  • 1950Dinu Lipatti, Romanian pianist and composer (b. 1917)
  • 1953Reginald Baker, Australian rugby player (b. 1884)
  • 1953 – Trần Trọng Kim, Vietnamese historian, scholar, and politician, Prime Minister of Vietnam (b. 1883)
  • 1957Harrison Ford, American actor (b. 1884)
  • 1957 – Manfred Sakel, Ukrainian-American neurophysiologist and psychiatrist (b. 1902)
  • 1966L. E. J. Brouwer, Dutch mathematician and philosopher (b. 1881)
  • 1966 – Giles Cooper, Irish author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1918)
  • 1969José María Arguedas, Peruvian anthropologist, author, and poet (b. 1911)
  • 1969 – Kliment Voroshilov, Ukrainian-Russian marshal and politician, 3rd Head of State of The Soviet Union (b. 1881)
  • 1974Max Weber, Swiss lawyer and politician (b. 1897)
  • 1976Danny Murtaugh, American baseball player and manager (b. 1917)
  • 1980Chaudhry Muhammad Ali, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1905)
  • 1980 – Romain Gary, Lithuanian-French author, director, and screenwriter (b. 1914)
  • 1981Wallace Harrison, American architect, co-founded Harrison & Abramovitz (b. 1895)
  • 1982Marty Feldman, English actor and comedian (b. 1933)
  • 1982 – Giovanni Ferrari, Italian footballer and manager (b. 1907)
  • 1983Fifi D'Orsay, Canadian-American actress and singer (b. 1904)
  • 1985Philip Larkin, English poet, author, and librarian (b. 1922)
  • 1986Desi Arnaz, Cuban-American actor, singer, businessman, and television producer (b. 1917)
  • 1986 – John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist and academic (b. 1912)
  • 1987Luis Federico Leloir, French-Argentinian physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Belarusian physicist, astronomer, and cosmologist (b. 1914)
  • 1988Karl-Heinz Bürger, German colonel (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer-songwriter (b. 1922)
  • 1990Aaron Copland, American composer and conductor (b. 1900)
  • 1990 – Robert Cummings, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1908)
  • 1993Pablo Escobar, Colombian drug lord (b. 1949)
  • 1995Robertson Davies, Canadian author, playwright, and critic (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Roxie Roker, American actress (b. 1929)
  • 1995 – Mária Telkes, Hungarian–American biophysicist and chemist (b. 1900)
  • 1997Shirley Crabtree, English wrestler (b. 1930)
  • 1997 – Michael Hedges, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1953)
  • 1999Charlie Byrd, American guitarist (b. 1925)
  • 2000Gail Fisher, American actress (b. 1935)
  • 2002Ivan Illich, Austrian priest and philosopher (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Arno Peters, German cartographer and historian (b. 1916)
  • 2003Alan Davidson, British soldier, historian, and author (b. 1924)
  • 2004Alicia Markova, English ballerina and choreographer (b. 1910)
  • 2004 – Mona Van Duyn, American poet and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2005William P. Lawrence, American admiral and pilot (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Van Tuong Nguyen, Australian convicted drug trafficker (b. 1980)
  • 2006Mariska Veres, Dutch singer (b. 1947)
  • 2007Jennifer Alexander, Canadian-American ballerina and actress (b. 1972)
  • 2007 – Elizabeth Hardwick, American literary critic, novelist, and short story writer (b. 1916)
  • 2008Odetta, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress (b. 1930)
  • 2008 – Henry Molaison, American memory disorder patient (b. 1926)
  • 2008 – Edward Samuel Rogers, Canadian lawyer and businessman (b. 1933)
  • 2008 – Renato de Grandis, Italian composer, musicologist, and writer (b. 1927)
  • 2009Foge Fazio, American football player and coach (b. 1938)
  • 2009 – Eric Woolfson, Scottish singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1945)
  • 2012Tom Hendry, Canadian playwright, co-founded the Manitoba Theatre Centre (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Ehsan Naraghi, Iranian sociologist and author (b. 1926)
  • 2013William Allain, American soldier and politician, 58th Governor of Mississippi (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Jean-Claude Beton, Algerian-French engineer and businessman, founded Orangina (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Marcelo Déda, Brazilian lawyer and politician (b. 1960)
  • 2013 – Junior Murvin, Jamaican singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2014A. R. Antulay, Indian lawyer and politician, 8th Chief Minister of Maharashtra (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Jean Béliveau, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Josie Cichockyj, English basketball player and coach (b. 1964)
  • 2014 – Bobby Keys, American saxophonist (b. 1943)
  • 2014 – Don Laws, American figure skater and coach (b. 1929)
  • 2015Sandy Berger, American lawyer and politician, 19th United States National Security Advisor (b. 1945)
  • 2015 – Will McMillan, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1944)
  • 2015 – George T. Sakato, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1921)

Holidays and observances

  • Armed Forces Day (Cuba)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Avitus of Rouen
    • Bibiana
    • Channing Moore Williams (Anglicanism)
    • Chromatius
    • Habakkuk (Eastern Orthodox)
    • Nonnus
    • December 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • International Day for the Abolition of Slavery (United Nations)
  • Lao National Day
  • National Day (United Arab Emirates)

References

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External links

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