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Events

  • 218 BCSecond Punic War: Battle of the Trebia: Hannibal's Carthaginian forces defeat those of the Roman Republic.
  • 1271Kublai Khan renames his empire "Yuan" (元 yuán), officially marking the start of the Yuan dynasty of Mongolia and China.
  • 1499A rebellion breaks out in Alpujarras in response to the forced conversions of Muslims in Spain.
  • 1622Portuguese forces score a military victory over the Kingdom of Kongo at the Battle of Mbumbi in present-day Angola.
  • 1655 – The Whitehall Conference ends with the determination that there was no law preventing Jews from re-entering England after the Edict of Expulsion of 1290.
  • 1777 – The United States celebrates its first Thanksgiving, marking the recent victory by the American rebels over British General John Burgoyne at Saratoga in October.
  • 1787New Jersey becomes the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
  • 1793 – Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French Royalists to Lord Samuel Hood; renamed Template:HMS, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck.
  • 1833 – The national anthem of the Russian Empire, "God Save the Tsar!", is first performed.
  • 1854 – The Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada abolishes the seigneurial system.[1]
  • 1865 – US Secretary of State William Seward proclaims the adoption of the Thirteenth Amendment, prohibiting slavery throughout the USA.
  • 1878 – The Al-Thani family become the rulers of the state of Qatar.
  • 1892 – Premiere performance of The Nutcracker by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
  • 1898Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat sets the first officially recognized land speed record of Script error: No such module "convert". in a Jeantaud electric car.
  • 1900 – The Upper Ferntree Gully to Gembrook, Victoria Narrow-gauge (2 ft 6 in or 762 mm) Railway (now the Puffing Billy Railway) in Victoria, Australia is opened for traffic.
  • 1916World War I: The Battle of Verdun ends when German forces under Chief of staff Erich von Falkenhayn are defeated by the French, and suffer 337,000 casualties.
  • 1917 – The resolution containing the language of the Eighteenth Amendment to enact Prohibition is passed by the United States Congress.
  • 1932 – The Chicago Bears defeat the Portsmouth Spartans in the first NFL playoff game to win the NFL Championship.
  • 1935 – The Lanka Sama Samaja Party is founded in Ceylon.
  • 1939World War II: The Battle of the Heligoland Bight, the first major air battle of the war, takes place.
  • 1944 – World War II: Seventy-seven B-29 Superfortress and 200 other aircraft of U.S. Fourteenth Air Force bomb Hankow, China, a Japanese supply base.
  • 1958Project SCORE, the world's first communications satellite, is launched.
  • 1966Saturn's moon Epimetheus is discovered by astronomer Richard Walker.
  • 1972Vietnam War: President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will engage North Vietnam in Operation Linebacker II, a series of Christmas bombings, after peace talks collapsed with North Vietnam on the 13th.
  • 1973Soviet Soyuz Programme: Soyuz 13, crewed by cosmonauts Valentin Lebedev and Pyotr Klimuk, is launched from Baikonur in the Soviet Union.
  • 1977United Airlines Flight 2860 crashes near Kaysville, Utah, killing all three crew members on board.[2]
  • 1981 – First flight of the Russian heavy strategic bomber Tu-160, the world's largest combat aircraft, largest supersonic aircraft and largest variable-sweep wing aircraft built.
  • 1999NASA launches into orbit the Terra platform carrying five Earth Observation instruments, including ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS and MOPITT.
  • 2002California gubernatorial recall: Then Governor of California Gray Davis announces that the state would face a record budget deficit of $35 billion, roughly double the figure reported during his reelection campaign one month earlier.
  • 2005 – The Chadian Civil War begins when rebel groups, allegedly backed by neighbouring Sudan, launch an attack in Adré.
  • 2006 – The first of a series of floods strikes Malaysia. The death toll of all flooding is at least 118, with over 400,000 people displaced.
  • 2006 – United Arab Emirates holds its first-ever elections.
  • 2015Kellingley Colliery, the last deep coal mine in Great Britain, closes.
  • 2017Amtrak Cascades passenger train 501, derailed near DuPont, Washington, a city in United States near Olympia, Washington killing six people, and injuring 70 others.
  • 2018List of bolides: A meteor exploded over the Bering Sea with a force over 10 times greater than the atomic bomb that destroyed Hiroshima in 1945.
  • 2019 – The United States President Donald Trump is impeached by the United States House of Representatives, becoming the third president of the United States to be impeached.[3]

Births

  • 1406Richard Olivier de Longueil, French Roman Catholic bishop and cardinal (d. 1470)
  • 1499Sebald Heyden, German musicologist and theologian (d. 1561)[4]
  • 1481Sophie of Mecklenburg, Duchess of Mecklenburg, Duchess of Saxony (d. 1503)
  • 1505Philipp von Hutten, German explorer (d. 1546)
  • 1507Ōuchi Yoshitaka, Japanese daimyō (d. 1551)
  • 1552Ahmad Ibn al-Qadi, Moroccan writer, judge and mathematician (d. 1616)
  • 1590William Louis, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken (d. 1640)
  • 1602Simonds d'Ewes, English historian and politician (d. 1650)
  • 1610Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, French philologist and historian (d. 1688)
  • 1620Heinrich Roth, German missionary and scholar (d. 1668)
  • 1626Christina, Queen of Sweden (d. 1689)
  • 1660Countess Johanna Magdalene of Hanau-Lichtenberg (d. 1715)
  • 1661Christopher Polhem, Swedish physicist and inventor (d. 1751)
  • 1662James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, Scottish colonel and politician, Secretary of State for Scotland (d. 1711)
  • 1707Charles Wesley, English missionary and composer (d. 1788)
  • 1725Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and theologian (d. 1791)
  • 1734Jean-Baptiste Rey, French conductor and composer (d. 1810)
  • 1800James Watney, English brewer and businessman (d. 1884)
  • 1824John Hall, English-New Zealand politician, 12th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1907)
  • 1825Charles Griffin, American general (d. 1876)
  • 1825 – John S. Harris, American surveyor and politician (d. 1906)
  • 1835Lyman Abbott, American minister, theologian, and author (d. 1922)
  • 1847Augusta Holmès, French pianist and composer (d. 1903)
  • 1849Henrietta Edwards, Canadian activist and author (d. 1931)
  • 1851Graciano López Jaena, Filipino journalist (d. 1896)
  • 1856J. J. Thomson, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1860Edward MacDowell, American pianist and composer (d. 1908)
  • 1861Lionel Monckton, English composer and critic (d. 1924)
  • 1863Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (d. 1914)
  • 1867Foxhall P. Keene, American polo player and horse breeder (d. 1941)
  • 1869Edward Willis Redfield, American painter and educator (d. 1965)
  • 1870Saki, British short story writer (d. 1916)
  • 1873Francis Burton Harrison, American general and politician, 6th Governor-General of the Philippines (d. 1957)
  • 1875Matt McGrath, Irish-American hammer thrower (d. 1941)
  • 1878Joseph Stalin, Georgian-Russian marshal and politician, 4th Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1953)
  • 1879Paul Klee, Swiss-German painter and educator (d. 1940)
  • 1882Richard Maury, American-Argentinian engineer, designed the Salta–Antofagasta railway (d. 1950)
  • 1884Emil Starkenstein, Czech pharmacologist, co-founded clinical pharmacology (d. 1942)
  • 1886Ty Cobb, American baseball player and manager (d. 1961)
  • 1887Bhikhari Thakur, Indian actor, singer, and playwright (d. 1971)
  • 1888Gladys Cooper, English actress and singer (d. 1971)
  • 1888 – Robert Moses, American urban planner (d. 1981)
  • 1890Edwin Howard Armstrong, American engineer, invented FM radio (d. 1954)
  • 1896Gerald Barry, English colonel and cricketer (d. 1977)
  • 1897Fletcher Henderson, American pianist and composer (d. 1952)
  • 1899Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian philosopher and author (d. 1990)
  • 1904George Stevens, American director, producer, screenwriter, and cinematographer (d. 1975)
  • 1907Bill Holland, American race car driver (d. 1984)
  • 1907 – Lawrence Lucie, American guitarist and educator (d. 2009)
  • 1908Celia Johnson, English actress (d. 1982)
  • 1908 – Paul Siple, American geographer and explorer (d. 1969)
  • 1910Abe Burrows, American author, playwright, and director (d. 1985)
  • 1910 – Eric Tindill, New Zealand rugby player, cricketer, and umpire (d. 2010)
  • 1911Jules Dassin, American-Greek actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1912Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., American general and pilot (d. 2002)
  • 1913Alfred Bester, American author and screenwriter (d. 1987)
  • 1913 – Willy Brandt, German politician, 4th Chancellor of Germany, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1913 – Ray Meyer, American basketball player and coach (d. 2006)
  • 1916Douglas Fraser, Scottish-American trade union leader and academic (d. 2008)
  • 1916 – Betty Grable, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 1973)
  • 1917Ossie Davis, American actor and activist (d. 2005)
  • 1920Robert Leckie, American soldier and author (d. 2001)
  • 1922Jack Brooks, American colonel, lawyer, and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1922 – Esther Lederberg, American microbiologist (d. 2006)
  • 1923Edwin Bramall, Baron Bramall, English field marshal and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Greater London (d. 2019)
  • 1927Ramsey Clark, American lawyer and politician, 66th United States Attorney General
  • 1927 – Roméo LeBlanc, Canadian journalist and politician, 25th Governor General of Canada (d. 2009)
  • 1928Mirza Tahir Ahmad, Indian-English caliph and author (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Harold Land, American tenor saxophonist (d. 2001)
  • 1929Gino Cimoli, American baseball player (d. 2011)
  • 1929 – Józef Glemp, Polish cardinal (d. 2013)
  • 1930Moose Skowron, American baseball player (d. 2012)
  • 1931Allen Klein, American businessman and music publisher (d. 2009)
  • 1931 – Alison Plowden, English historian and author (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Bill Thompson, American television host (d. 2014)
  • 1932Norm Provan, Australian rugby league player, coach, and businessman
  • 1932 – Roger Smith, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2017)
  • 1933Lonnie Brooks, American blues singer and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1934Marc Rich, Belgian-American businessman, founded Glencore (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – Boris Volynov, Russian colonel, engineer, and astronaut
  • 1935Rosemary Leach, English actress (d. 2017)
  • 1935 – Jacques Pépin, French-American chef and author
  • 1936Malcolm Kirk, English rugby player and wrestler (d. 1987)
  • 1937Nancy Ryles, American politician (d. 1990)
  • 1938Chas Chandler, English bass player and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1938 – Joel Hirschhorn, American songwriter and composer (d. 2005)
  • 1939Michael Moorcock, English author and songwriter
  • 1939 – Harold E. Varmus, American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1940Ilario Castagner, Italian football manager
  • 1940 – John Cooper, English sprinter and hurdler (d. 1974)
  • 1941Sam Andrew, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2015)
  • 1941 – Wadada Leo Smith, American trumpet player and composer
  • 1941 – Joan Wallach Scott, American historian, author, and academic
  • 1942Lenore Blum, American mathematician and academic
  • 1942 – Bobby Keyes, Australian rugby league player
  • 1943Bobby Keys, American saxophone player (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Keith Richards, English singer-songwriter, guitarist and producer
  • 1943 – Alan Rudolph, American director and screenwriter
  • 1944Crispian Steele-Perkins, English trumpet player and educator
  • 1945Jean Pronovost, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1946Steve Biko, South African activist, founded the Black Consciousness Movement (d. 1977)
  • 1946 – Steven Spielberg, American director, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded DreamWorks
  • 1947Leonid Yuzefovich, Russian author and screenwriter
  • 1948Bill Nelson, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – Mimmo Paladino, Italian sculptor and painter
  • 1948 – Laurent Voulzy, French-English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949David A. Johnston, American volcanologist and geologist (d. 1980)
  • 1950Gillian Armstrong, Australian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Randy Castillo, American drummer and songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1950 – Sarath Fonseka, Sri Lankan general and politician
  • 1950 – Lizmark, Mexican wrestler (d. 2015)
  • 1950 – Leonard Maltin, American historian, author, and critic
  • 1951Bobby Jones, American basketball player[5]
  • 1952John Leventhal, American songwriter and producer
  • 1953Elliot Easton, American guitarist and singer
  • 1954John Booth, English race car driver
  • 1954 – Ray Liotta, American actor
  • 1954 – Willi Wülbeck, German runner
  • 1955Vijay Mallya, Indian businessman and politician
  • 1955 – Bogusław Mamiński, Polish runner
  • 1957Jonathan Cainer, English astrologer and author (d. 2016)
  • 1958Geordie Walker, English guitarist
  • 1958 – Julia Wolfe, American composer and educator
  • 1960Kazuhide Uekusa, Japanese economist and academic
  • 1960 – Naoko Yamano, Japanese singer, guitarist and composer
  • 1961Brian Orser, Canadian figure skater and coach
  • 1961 – Leila Steinberg, American singer, producer, author, and poet
  • 1961 – Daniel S. Loeb, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Third Point Management
  • 1961 – Lalchand Rajput, former Indian cricketer
  • 1963Greg D'Angelo, American drummer
  • 1963 – Karl Dorrell, American football player and coach
  • 1963 – Pierre Nkurunziza, Burundian soldier and politician, President of Burundi
  • 1963 – Charles Oakley, American basketball player and coach
  • 1963 – Brad Pitt, American actor and producer
  • 1964Stone Cold Steve Austin, American wrestler and producer
  • 1964 – Don Beebe, American football player and coach
  • 1965Shawn Christian, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Manuel Peña Escontrela, Spanish footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1966Gianluca Pagliuca, Italian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1967Toine van Peperstraten, Dutch journalist
  • 1967 – Mille Petrozza, German singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968Mario Basler, German footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Rachel Griffiths, Australian actress
  • 1968 – Alejandro Sanz, Spanish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968 – Casper Van Dien, American actor and producer
  • 1969Santiago Cañizares, Spanish footballer
  • 1969 – Justin Edinburgh, English footballer and manager (d. 2019)
  • 1969 – Akira Iida, Japanese race car driver
  • 1970DMX, American rapper and actor
  • 1970 – Lucious Harris, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Giannis Ploutarhos, Greek singer-songwriter
  • 1970 – Rob Van Dam, American wrestler
  • 1970 – Jonathan Yeo, English painter
  • 1970 – Norman Brown, American singer and guitarist
  • 1971Barkha Dutt, Indian journalist
  • 1971 – Noriko Matsueda, Japanese pianist and composer
  • 1971 – Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, Spanish tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1972Anzhela Balakhonova, Ukrainian pole vaulter
  • 1972 – Raymond Herrera, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1973Fatuma Roba, Ethiopian runner
  • 1974Peter Boulware, American football player and politician
  • 1974 – Knut Schreiner, Norwegian singer, guitarist, and producer
  • 1975Sia Furler, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1975 – Randy Houser, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975 – Trish Stratus, Canadian wrestler and actress
  • 1977José Acevedo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1977 – Claudia Gesell, German runner
  • 1978Daniel Cleary, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Ali Curtis, American soccer player
  • 1978 – Josh Dallas, American actor
  • 1978 – Katie Holmes, American actress[6]
  • 1980Christina Aguilera, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress[7]
  • 1980 – Neil Fingleton, English actor and basketball player, one of the tallest 25 men in the world (d. 2017)
  • 1980 – Heinz Inniger, Swiss snowboarder
  • 1980 – Benjamin Watson, American football player
  • 1983Andy Fantuz, Canadian football player
  • 1984Brian Boyle, American ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Paul Harrison, English footballer
  • 1984 – Giuliano Razzoli, Italian skier
  • 1984 – Derrick Tribbett, American bass player and singer
  • 1986François Hamelin, Canadian speed skater
  • 1986 – Usman Khawaja, Pakistani-Australian cricketer
  • 1986 – Bill Stull, American football player
  • 1987Ayaka, Japanese singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1987 – Miki Ando, Japanese figure skater
  • 1987 – Yuki Furukawa, Japanese actor
  • 1988Lizzie Deignan, English cyclist
  • 1988 – Seth Doege, American football player
  • 1988 – Brianne Theisen-Eaton, Canadian heptathlete
  • 1988 – Imad Wasim, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1990Sierra Kay, American singer-songwriter
  • 1991Marcus Butler, English internet celebrity
  • 1992Bridgit Mendler, American singer, songwriter and actress[8]
  • 1992 – Ryan Crouser, American shot putter
  • 1993Byron Buxton, American baseball player
  • 1993 – Ana Porgras, Romanian former artistic gymnast
  • 1993 – Thomas Lam, Finnish professional football defender
  • 1994Natália Kelly, American-Austrian singer
  • 1994 – Gerard Gumbau, Spanish professional footballer
  • 2001Billie Eilish, American singer[9]

Deaths

  • 919Lady Wu, wife of Qian Liu (b. 858)
  • 933Yaonian Yanmujin, Chinese empress dowager
  • 1075Edith of Wessex (b. 1025)
  • 1111Al-Ghazali, Persian jurist, philosopher, theologian, and mystic (b. 1058)
  • 1133Hildebert, French poet and scholar (b. 1055)
  • 1290Magnus III, king of Sweden (b. 1240)
  • 1442Pierre Cauchon, French Catholic bishop (b. 1371)
  • 1495Alfonso II of Naples (b. 1448)
  • 1577Anna of Saxony, Princess consort of Orange (b. 1544)
  • 1645Nur Jahan, empress consort of the Mughal Empire (b. 1577)[10]
  • 1651William Brabazon, 1st Earl of Meath, English lawyer and politician (b. 1580)
  • 1692Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff, German scholar and politician (b. 1626)
  • 1737Antonio Stradivari, Italian instrument maker (b. 1644)
  • 1787Soame Jenyns, English poet and politician (b. 1704)
  • 1799Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician and historian (b. 1725)
  • 1803Johann Gottfried Herder, German philosopher, theologian, and poet (b. 1744)
  • 1829Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French soldier, biologist, and academic (b. 1744)
  • 1843Thomas Graham, 1st Baron Lynedoch, Scottish-English general and politician (b. 1748)
  • 1848Bernard Bolzano, Bohemian priest and mathematician (b. 1781)
  • 1864José Justo Corro, Mexican politician and president, (1836-1837) (b. 1794)[11]
  • 1869Louis Moreau Gottschalk, American pianist and composer (b. 1829)
  • 1880Michel Chasles, French mathematician and academic (b. 1793)
  • 1892Richard Owen, English biologist, anatomist, and paleontologist (b. 1804)
  • 1919John Alcock, English captain and pilot (b. 1892)
  • 1922Sir Carl Meyer, 1st Baronet, German-English banker and businessman (b. 1851)
  • 1925Hamo Thornycroft, English sculptor and academic (b. 1850)[12]
  • 1932Eduard Bernstein, German theorist and politician (b. 1850)
  • 1936Andrija Mohorovičić, Croatian meteorologist and seismologist (b. 1857)
  • 1939Ernest Lawson, Canadian-American painter (b. 1873)
  • 1961Leo Reisman, American violinist and bandleader (b. 1897)
  • 1969Charles Dvorak, American pole vaulter and coach (b. 1878)
  • 1971Bobby Jones, American golfer and lawyer (b. 1902)
  • 1971 – Diana Lynn, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 1973Allamah Rasheed Turabi, Indian-Pakistani religious leader and philosopher (b. 1908)
  • 1974Harry Hooper, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1887)
  • 1975Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukrainian geneticist and biologist (b. 1900)
  • 1977Michio Nishizawa, Japanese baseball player and manager (b. 1921)
  • 1977 – Louis Untermeyer American poet, anthologist, critic (b. 1885)
  • 1980Dobriša Cesarić, Croatian poet and translator (b. 1902)
  • 1980 – Alexei Kosygin, Russian soldier and politician, 8th Premier of the Soviet Union (b. 1904)
  • 1982Hans-Ulrich Rudel, German colonel and pilot (b. 1916)
  • 1985Xuân Diệu, Vietnamese poet and author (b. 1916)
  • 1987Conny Plank, German keyboard player and producer (b. 1940)
  • 1988Niyazi Berkes, Turkish Cypriot-English sociologist and academic (b. 1908)
  • 1990Anne Revere, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Paul Tortelier, French cellist and composer (b. 1914)
  • 1990 – Joseph Zubin, Lithuanian-American psychologist and academic (b. 1900)
  • 1991George Abecassis, English race car driver (b. 1913)
  • 1992Mark Goodson, American game show producer, created Family Feud and The Price Is Right (b. 1915)
  • 1993Helm Glöckler, German race car driver (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Sam Wanamaker, American-English actor, director, and producer (b. 1919)
  • 1994Roger Apéry, Greek-French mathematician and academic (b. 1916)
  • 1994 – Lilia Skala, Austrian-American actress (b. 1896)
  • 1995Brian Brockless, English organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Ross Thomas, American author (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Konrad Zuse, German engineer, designed the Z3 computer (b. 1910)
  • 1996Yulii Borisovich Khariton, Russian physicist and academic (b. 1904)
  • 1996 – Irving Caesar, American composer (b. 1895)
  • 1997Chris Farley, American comedian and actor (b. 1964)
  • 1998Lev Dyomin, Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1926)
  • 1999Robert Bresson, French director and screenwriter (b. 1901)
  • 2000Stan Fox, American race car driver (b. 1952)
  • 2000 – Randolph Apperson Hearst, American businessman (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Kirsty MacColl, British singer-songwriter (b. 1959)
  • 2001Gilbert Bécaud, French singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (b. 1927)
  • 2001 – Dimitris Dragatakis, Greek violinist and composer (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Marcel Mule, French saxophonist and educator (b. 1901)
  • 2002Necip Hablemitoğlu, Turkish historian and academic (b. 1954)
  • 2002 – Ray Hnatyshyn, Canadian lawyer and politician, 24th Governor General of Canada (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – Wayne Owens, American lawyer and politician (b. 1937)
  • 2002 – Lucy Grealy, Irish-American author (b. 1963)
  • 2004Anthony Sampson, English journalist and author (b. 1926)
  • 2005Alan Voorhees, American engineer and urban planner (b. 1922)
  • 2006Joseph Barbera, American animator, director, and producer, co-founded Hanna-Barbera (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Ruth Bernhard, German-American photographer (b. 1905)
  • 2006 – Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani author and activist (b. 1923)
  • 2007Hans Billian, Polish-German actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Gerald Le Dain, Canadian lawyer and judge (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – William Strauss, American author and playwright (b. 1947)
  • 2007 – Alan Wagner, American businessman and critic (b. 1931)
  • 2008Majel Barrett, American actress and producer (b. 1932)
  • 2008 – Mark Felt, American FBI agent and informant (b. 1913)
  • 2010Phil Cavarretta, American baseball player and manager (b. 1916)
  • 2010 – Jacqueline de Romilly, French philologist, author, and scholar (b. 1913)
  • 2010 – Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa, Italian economist and politician, Italian Minister of Economy and Finances (b. 1940)
  • 2010 – James Pickles, English judge and journalist (b. 1925)
  • 2011Václav Havel, Czech poet, playwright, and politician, 1st President of the Czech Republic (b. 1936)
  • 2012Frank Macchiarola, American lawyer and academic (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Mustafa Ould Salek, Mauritanian colonel and politician, President of Mauritania (b. 1936)
  • 2012 – Jim Whalen, American football player (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – Anatoliy Zayaev, Ukrainian footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1931)
  • 2013Ken Hutcherson, American football player (b. 1952)
  • 2013 – Graham Mackay, South African-English businessman (b. 1949)
  • 2014Donald J. Albosta, American soldier and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Gideon Ben-Yisrael, Israeli soldier and politician (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Larry Henley, American singer-songwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Virna Lisi, Italian actress (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Mandy Rice-Davies, English model and actress (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Robert Simpson, American meteorologist and author (b. 1912)
  • 2015Luc Brewaeys, Belgian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1959)
  • 2015 – Helge Solum Larsen, Norwegian businessman and politician (b. 1969)
  • 2016Zsa Zsa Gabor, Hungarian-American actress and socialite (b. 1917)
  • 2017Kim Jong-hyun, South Korean singer (b. 1990)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Expectation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
    • Flannán
    • Gatianus of Tours
    • O Adonai
    • Our Lady of Expectation
    • Sebastian (Eastern Orthodox Church)
    • Winibald
    • December 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • International Migrants Day
  • National Day (Qatar)
  • Republic Day (Niger)
  • UN Arabic Language Day (United Nations)

References

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  2. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  3. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1". Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  4. Template:Cite ADB
  5. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  6. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  7. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  8. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  9. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  10. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  11. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  12. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".

Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".

External links

Script error: No such module "Side box".


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