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Events

  • 497 BC – The first Saturnalia festival was celebrated in ancient Rome.
  • 546Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoths under king Totila plunder the city, by bribing the Byzantine garrison.
  • 920Romanos I Lekapenos is crowned co-emperor of the underage Constantine VII.
  • 942 – Assassination of William I of Normandy.
  • 1398Sultan Nasir-u Din Mehmud's armies in Delhi are defeated by Timur.
  • 1538Pope Paul III excommunicates Henry VIII of England.
  • 1583Cologne War: Forces under Ernest of Bavaria defeat troops under Gebhard Truchsess von Waldburg at the Siege of Godesberg.
  • 1586Go-Yōzei becomes Emperor of Japan.
  • 1718War of the Quadruple Alliance: Great Britain declares war on Spain.
  • 1777American Revolution: France formally recognizes the United States.
  • 1790 – The Aztec calendar stone is discovered at El Zócalo, Mexico City.
  • 1807Napoleonic Wars: France issues the Milan Decree, which confirms the Continental System.
  • 1812War of 1812: U.S. forces attack a Lenape village in the Battle of the Mississinewa.
  • 1819Simón Bolívar declares the independence of Gran Colombia in Angostura (now Ciudad Bolívar in Venezuela).
  • 1835 – The second Great Fire of New York destroys 50 acres (200,000 square meters) of New York City's Financial District.
  • 1837 – A fire in the Winter Palace of Saint Petersburg kills 30 guards.
  • 1862American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant issues General Order No. 11, expelling Jews from parts of Tennessee, Mississippi, and Kentucky.
  • 1865 – First performance of the Unfinished Symphony by Franz Schubert.
  • 1892 – First issue of Vogue is published.
  • 1896Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's Schenley Park Casino, which was the first multi-purpose arena with the technology to create an artificial ice surface in North America, is destroyed in a fire.
  • 1903 – The Wright brothers make the first controlled powered, heavier-than-air flight in the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
  • 1907Ugyen Wangchuck is crowned first King of Bhutan.
  • 1913 – A spur of the Shaker Heights streetcar line opens, the first line of the eventual Cleveland RTA Rapid Transit system.
  • 1918Darwin Rebellion: Up to 1,000 demonstrators march on Government House in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.
  • 1919Uruguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1926Antanas Smetona assumes power in Lithuania as the 1926 coup d'état is successful.
  • 1927 – Indian revolutionary Rajendra Lahiri is hanged in Gonda jail, Uttar Pradesh, India, two days before the scheduled date.
  • 1928 – Indian revolutionaries Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru assassinate British police officer James Saunders in Lahore, Punjab, to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai at the hands of the police. The three were executed in 1931.
  • 1933 – The first NFL Championship Game is played. The game was at Wrigley Field between the New York Giants and Chicago Bears. The Bears won 23–21.[1]
  • 1935 – First flight of the Douglas DC-3.
  • 1938Otto Hahn discovers the nuclear fission of the heavy element uranium, the scientific and technological basis of nuclear energy.
  • 1939World War II: Battle of the River Plate: The Admiral Graf Spee is scuttled by Captain Hans Langsdorff outside Montevideo.
  • 1941 – World War II: Japanese forces land in Northern Borneo.
  • 1943 – All Chinese are again permitted to become citizens of the United States upon the repeal of the Act of 1882 and the introduction of the Magnuson Act.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of the Bulge: Malmedy massacre: American 285th Field Artillery Observation Battalion POWs are shot by Waffen-SS Kampfgruppe Joachim Peiper.
  • 1946Kurdistan flag day, the flag of Kurdistan was raised for the first time in Mahabad in eastern Kurdistan (Iran).
  • 1947 – First flight of the Boeing B-47 Stratojet strategic bomber.
  • 1948 – The Finnish Security Police is established to remove communist leadership from its predecessor, the State Police.
  • 1950 – The F-86 Sabre's first mission over Korea.
  • 1951 – The American Civil Rights Congress delivers "We Charge Genocide" to the United Nations.
  • 1957 – The United States successfully launches the first Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile at Cape Canaveral, Florida.
  • 1960 – Troops loyal to Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia crush the coup that began December 13, returning power to their leader upon his return from Brazil. Haile Selassie absolves his son of any guilt.
  • 1960 – Munich C-131 crash: Twenty passengers and crew on board as well as 32 people on the ground are killed.
  • 1961Niterói circus fire: Fire breaks out during a performance by the Gran Circus Norte-Americano in the city of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, killing more than 500.
  • 1967Harold Holt, Prime Minister of Australia, disappears while swimming near Portsea, Victoria, and is presumed drowned.
  • 1969Project Blue Book: The United States Air Force closes its study of UFOs.
  • 1970Polish protests: In Gdynia, soldiers fire at workers emerging from trains, killing dozens.
  • 1973 – Thirty passengers are killed in an attack by Palestinian terrorists on Rome's Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport.
  • 1981 – American Brigadier General James L. Dozier is abducted by the Red Brigades in Verona, Italy.
  • 1983Provisional IRA members detonate a car bomb at Harrods Department Store in London. Three police officers and three civilians are killed.
  • 1989Romanian Revolution: Protests continue in Timișoara, Romania, with rioters breaking into the Romanian Communist Party's District Committee building and attempting to set it on fire.
  • 1989 – Fernando Collor de Mello defeats Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in the second round of the Brazilian presidential election, becoming the first democratically elected President in almost 30 years.
  • 1989 – The Simpsons premieres on television with the episode "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire".[2]
  • 2002Second Congo War: The Congolese parties of the Inter Congolese Dialogue sign a peace accord which makes provision for transitional governance and legislative and presidential elections within two years.
  • 2003 – The Soham murder trial ends at the Old Bailey in London, with Ian Huntley found guilty of two counts of murder. His girlfriend, Maxine Carr, is found guilty of perverting the course of justice.
  • 2003 – SpaceShipOne, piloted by Brian Binnie, makes its first powered and first supersonic flight.[3]
  • 2005 – Anti-World Trade Organization protesters riot in Wan Chai, Hong Kong.
  • 2005 – Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicates the throne as King of Bhutan.
  • 2009Template:MV sinks off the coast of Lebanon, resulting in the deaths of 44 people and over 28,000 animals.
  • 2010Mohamed Bouazizi sets himself on fire. This act became the catalyst for the Tunisian Revolution and the wider Arab Spring.
  • 2014 – The United States and Cuba re-establish diplomatic relations after severing them in 1961.

Births

  • 1239Kujō Yoritsugu, Japanese shōgun (d. 1256)
  • 1267Emperor Go-Uda of Japan (d. 1324)
  • 1554Ernest of Bavaria, Roman Catholic bishop (d. 1612)
  • 1556Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, Pakistani-Indian poet (d. 1627)
  • 1616Roger L'Estrange, English pamphleteer and author (d. 1704)
  • 1619Prince Rupert of the Rhine (d. 1682)
  • 1632Anthony Wood, English historian and author (d. 1695)
  • 1685Thomas Tickell, English poet (d. 1740)
  • 1699Charles-Louis Mion, French composer and educator (d. 1775)
  • 1706Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1749)[4]
  • 1734Maria I of Portugal (d. 1816)
  • 1749Domenico Cimarosa, Italian composer and educator (d. 1801)
  • 1778Humphry Davy, English chemist and physicist (d. 1829)
  • 1796Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian judge and politician (d. 1865)
  • 1797Joseph Henry, American physicist and engineer (d. 1878)
  • 1807John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet and activist (d. 1892)
  • 1812Vilhelm Petersen, Danish painter (d. 1880)
  • 1827Alexander Wassilko von Serecki, Austrian lawyer and politician (d. 1893)
  • 1830Jules de Goncourt, French author and critic (d. 1870)
  • 1835Alexander Emanuel Agassiz, Swiss-American ichthyologist and engineer (d. 1910)
  • 1840Nozu Michitsura, Japanese field marshal (d. 1908)
  • 1842Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician and academic (d. 1899)
  • 1847Émile Faguet, French author and critic (d. 1916)
  • 1853Pierre Paul Émile Roux, French physician and immunologist, co-founded the Pasteur Institute (d. 1933)
  • 1859Paul César Helleu, French painter and illustrator (d. 1927)
  • 1866Kazys Grinius, Lithuanian physician and politician, 3rd President of Lithuania (d. 1950)
  • 1873Ford Madox Ford, English novelist, poet, and critic (d. 1939)
  • 1874William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canadian economist and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1950)
  • 1881Aubrey Faulkner, South African-English cricketer and coach (d. 1930)
  • 1884Alison Uttley, English children's book writer (d. 1976)
  • 1887Josef Lada, Czech painter and illustrator (d. 1957)
  • 1890Prince Joachim of Prussia (d. 1920)
  • 1892Sam Barry, American basketball player and coach (d. 1950)
  • 1893Charles C. Banks, English captain and pilot (d. 1971)
  • 1893 – Erwin Piscator, German director and producer (d. 1966)
  • 1894Arthur Fiedler, American conductor (d. 1979)
  • 1894 – Patrick Flynn, Irish-American runner and soldier (d. 1969)
  • 1894 – Wim Schermerhorn, Dutch cartographer, engineer, and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1895Gerald Patterson, Australian tennis player (d. 1967)
  • 1898Loren Murchison, American sprinter (d. 1979)
  • 1900Mary Cartwright, English mathematician and academic, one of the first people to analyze a dynamical system with chaos (d. 1998)
  • 1900 – Katina Paxinou, Greek actress (d. 1973)
  • 1903Erskine Caldwell, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1987)
  • 1903 – Ray Noble, English bandleader, composer, and actor (d. 1978)
  • 1904Paul Cadmus, American painter and illustrator (d. 1999)
  • 1905Simo Häyhä, Finnish soldier and sniper (d. 2002)
  • 1905 – Mohammad Hidayatullah, 11th Chief Justice of India, and politician, 6th Vice President of India (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – Erico Verissimo, Brazilian author and translator (d. 1975)
  • 1906Fernando Lopes-Graça, Portuguese composer and conductor (d. 1994)
  • 1906 – Russell C. Newhouse, American pilot and engineer (d. 1998)
  • 1908Willard Libby, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1980)
  • 1910Eknath Easwaran, Indian-American educator and author (d. 1999)
  • 1910 – Sy Oliver, American singer-songwriter and trumpet player (d. 1988)
  • 1912Edward Short, Baron Glenamara, English captain and politician, Lord President of the Council (d. 2012)
  • 1913Burt Baskin, American businessman, co-founded Baskin-Robbins (d. 1967)
  • 1914Mushtaq Ali, Indian cricketer (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Fernando Alonso, Cuban ballet dancer, co-founded the Cuban National Ballet (d. 2013)
  • 1916Penelope Fitzgerald, English author and poet (d. 2000)
  • 1917Kenneth Dike, Nigerian historian, author, and academic (d. 1983)
  • 1920Kenneth E. Iverson, Canadian computer scientist, developed the APL programming language (d. 2004)
  • 1921Lore Berger, German-Swiss author and translator (d. 1943)
  • 1922Alan Voorhees, American engineer and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1923Jaroslav Pelikan, American historian and scholar (d. 2006)
  • 1926Ray Jablonski, American baseball player (d. 1985)
  • 1926 – John Hans Krebs, American lawyer and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – Stephen Lewis, English actor, director, screenwriter, and playwright (d. 2015)
  • 1927Richard Long, American actor and director (d. 1974)
  • 1927 – Edward Meneeley, American painter and sculptor (d. 2012)
  • 1928Marilyn Beck, American journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Eli Beeding, American captain and pilot (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Doyle Conner, American farmer and politician, 7th Florida Commissioner of Agriculture (d. 2012)
  • 1929William Safire, American journalist and author (d. 2009)
  • 1930Bob Guccione, American photographer and publisher, founded Penthouse (d. 2010)
  • 1930 – Armin Mueller-Stahl, German actor and painter
  • 1930 – Dorothy Rowe, Australian psychologist and author (d. 2019)
  • 1931Gerald Finnerman, American director and cinematographer (d. 2011)
  • 1931 – Dave Madden, Canadian-American actor (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – James McGaugh, American neurobiologist and psychologist
  • 1932John Bond, English footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1934Irving Petlin, American painter and academic (d. 2018)
  • 1934 – Ray Wilson, English footballer and manager (d. 2018)
  • 1935Brian Langford, English cricketer (d. 2013)
  • 1935 – Cal Ripken Sr., American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1999)
  • 1936Pope Francis
  • 1936 – Tommy Steele, English singer, guitarist, and actor
  • 1937Brian Hayes, Australian-English radio host
  • 1937 – Art Neville, American singer and keyboard player (d. 2019)
  • 1937 – Kerry Packer, Australian businessman, founded World Series Cricket (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – John Kennedy Toole, American novelist (d. 1969)
  • 1937 – Calvin Waller, American general (d. 1996)
  • 1938Peter Snell, New Zealand runner (d. 2019)
  • 1939James Booker, American pianist (d. 1983)
  • 1939 – Eddie Kendricks, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1940Kåre Valebrokk, Norwegian journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – María Elena Velasco, Mexican actress, singer, director, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1941Dave Dee, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2009)
  • 1941 – Stan Mudenge, Zimbabwean historian and politician, Zimbabwean Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 2012)
  • 1942Muhammadu Buhari, Nigerian general and politician, 7th Head of State of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • 1942 – Paul Butterfield, American singer and harmonica player (d. 1987)
  • 1943Ron Geesin, Scottish pianist and composer
  • 1944Jack L. Chalker, American author and educator (d. 2005)
  • 1944 – Carlo M. Croce, Italian-American oncologist and academic
  • 1944 – Bernard Hill, English actor
  • 1945Ernie Hudson, American actor
  • 1945 – David Mallet, British director
  • 1945 – Chris Matthews, American journalist and author
  • 1945 – Jüri Talvet, Estonian poet and critic
  • 1945 – Jacqueline Wilson, English author and academic
  • 1946Simon Bates, English radio host
  • 1946 – Eugene Levy, Canadian actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1947Wes Studi, American actor and producer
  • 1948Valery Belousov, Russian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1948 – Jim Bonfanti, American rock drummer
  • 1948 – Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, Turkish economist and politician
  • 1949Sotiris Kaiafas, Cypriot footballer
  • 1949 – Paul Rodgers, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1950Laurence F. Johnson, American educator and author
  • 1950 – Maurice Peoples, American sprinter and coach
  • 1951Pat Hill, American football player and coach
  • 1951 – Ken Hitchcock, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1951 – Tatyana Kazankina, Russian runner
  • 1953Bill Pullman, American actor
  • 1954Sergėjus Jovaiša, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1955Brad Davis, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1956Peter Farrelly, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Dominic Lawson, English journalist and author
  • 1956 – Totka Petrova, Bulgarian runner
  • 1957Wendy Hoyte, English sprinter
  • 1957 – Bob Ojeda, American baseball player and coach
  • 1958Mike Mills, American bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1959Bob Stinson, American songwriter and guitarist (d. 1995)
  • 1961Mansoor al-Jamri, Bahraini journalist and author
  • 1962Paul Dobson, English footballer
  • 1962 – Galina Malchugina, Russian sprinter
  • 1962 – Rocco Mediate, American golfer and journalist
  • 1964Frank Musil, Czech ice hockey player and coach
  • 1964 – Joe Wolf, American basketball player and coach
  • 1965Craig Berube, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1966Tracy Byrd, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1966 – Kristiina Ojuland, Estonian politician, 23rd Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1967Vincent Damphousse, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Karsten Neitzel, German footballer and manager
  • 1968Claudio Suárez, Mexican footballer
  • 1968 – Paul Tracy, Canadian race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1969Laurie Holden, American actress and model
  • 1969 – Inna Lasovskaya, Russian triple jumper
  • 1969 – Chuck Liddell, American mixed martial artist and kick-boxer
  • 1969 – Mick Quinn, English singer-songwriter, guitarist and producer
  • 1971Alan Khan, South African radio and TV presenter
  • 1971 – Antoine Rigaudeau, French basketball player
  • 1972Iván Pedroso, Cuban long jumper and coach
  • 1973Eddie Fisher, American drummer[5]
  • 1973 – Konstadinos Gatsioudis, Greek javelin thrower
  • 1973 – Rian Johnson, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1973 – Paula Radcliffe, English runner
  • 1973 – Hasan Vural, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1974Charl Langeveldt, South African cricketer
  • 1974 – Sarah Paulson, American actress
  • 1974 – Giovanni Ribisi, American actor
  • 1975Nick Dinsmore, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1975 – Susanthika Jayasinghe, Sri Lankan sprinter
  • 1975 – Milla Jovovich, Ukrainian-American actress
  • 1976Éric Bédard, Canadian speed skater and coach
  • 1976 – Nir Davidovich, Israeli footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Patrick Müller, Swiss footballer
  • 1976 – Andrew Simpson, English sailor (d. 2013)
  • 1976 – Takeo Spikes, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1977Arnaud Clément, French tennis player
  • 1977 – Samuel Påhlsson, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Katheryn Winnick, Canadian actress
  • 1977 – Maria Brink, American singer and songwriter
  • 1978Alex Cintrón, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1978 – Manny Pacquiao, Filipino boxer and politician
  • 1978 – Neil Sanderson, Canadian drummer and songwriter
  • 1978 – Chase Utley, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Riteish Deshmukh, Indian film actor, producer and architect
  • 1979Matt Murley, American ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Paul Smith, English footballer
  • 1980Ryan Hunter-Reay, American race car driver
  • 1980 – Alexandra Papageorgiou, Greek hammer thrower
  • 1980 – Eli Pariser, American activist and author
  • 1981Jerry Hsu, American skateboarder and photographer
  • 1981 – Tim Wiese, German footballer
  • 1982Josh Barfield, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Lorenzo Cittadini, Italian rugby player
  • 1982 – Craig Kielburger, Canadian activist and author
  • 1982 – Stéphane Lasme, Gabonese basketball player
  • 1982 – Ryan Moats, American football player
  • 1982 – Onur Özsu, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1983Erik Christensen, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Haron Keitany, Kenyan runner
  • 1983 – Sébastien Ogier, French race car driver
  • 1984Luis Maria Alfageme, Argentinian footballer
  • 1984 – Julian Bennett, English footballer
  • 1984 – Andrew Davies, English footballer
  • 1984 – Mikky Ekko, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1984 – Shannon Woodward, American actress
  • 1985Łukasz Broź, Polish footballer
  • 1985 – Craig Reid, English footballer
  • 1985 – Greg James, English radio presenter and comedian
  • 1986Emma Bell, American actress
  • 1986 – Frank Winterstein, Australian-Samoan rugby league player
  • 1987Maryna Arzamasova, Belorussian middle-distance runner[6]
  • 1987 – Bo Guagua, Chinese businessman
  • 1987 – Chelsea Manning, American soldier and intelligence analyst
  • 1988Liisa Ehrberg, Estonian cyclist
  • 1988 – Grethe Grünberg, Estonian ice dancer
  • 1988 – Kris Joseph, Canadian basketball player
  • 1988 – David Rudisha, Kenyan runner
  • 1988 – Craig Sutherland, Scottish footballer
  • 1991James Hurst, American football player
  • 1991 – Jordan Rankin, Australian rugby league player
  • 1991 – Atsedu Tsegay, Ethiopian runner
  • 1992Joshua Ingram, Canadian drummer and percussionist
  • 1992 – Quinton de Kock, South African cricketer
  • 1993Patricia Kú Flores, Peruvian tennis player
  • 1994Lloyd Perrett, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1994 – Nat Wolff, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player and actor
  • 1996Elizaveta Tuktamysheva, Russian figure skater
  • 1997Naiktha Bains, British-Australian tennis player
  • 1997 – Shoma Uno, Japanese figure skater
  • 1998Jasmine Armfield, English actress
  • 1998 – Martin Ødegaard, Norwegian footballer

Deaths

  • 779Sturm, abbot of Fulda
  • 908al-Abbas ibn al-Hasan al-Jarjara'i, Abbasid vizier
  • 908 – Abdallah ibn al-Mu'tazz, Abbasid prince and poet, anti-caliph for one day
  • 942William I, duke of Normandy
  • 1187Pope Gregory VIII (b. 1100)
  • 1195Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut (b. 1150)
  • 1273Rumi, Persian jurist, theologian, and poet (b. 1207)
  • 1419William Gascoigne, Chief Justice of England
  • 1471Infanta Isabel, Duchess of Burgundy (b. 1397)
  • 1559Irene di Spilimbergo, Italian Renaissance poet and painter (b. 1538)[7]
  • 1562Eleonora di Toledo, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (b. 1522)
  • 1663Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba (b. 1583)
  • 1721Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough, English soldier and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1640)
  • 1830Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan general and politician, 2nd President of Venezuela (b. 1783)
  • 1833Kaspar Hauser, German feral child (b. 1812)
  • 1847Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma (b. 1791)
  • 1857Francis Beaufort, Irish hydrographer and officer in the Royal Navy (b. 1774)
  • 1904William Shiels, Irish-Australian politician, 16th Premier of Victoria (b. 1848)
  • 1907William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish physicist and engineer (b. 1824)
  • 1909Leopold II of Belgium (b. 1835)
  • 1917Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, English physician and activist (b. 1836)
  • 1927Rajendra Lahiri, Indian activist (b. 1892)
  • 1928Frank Rinehart, American photographer (b. 1861)
  • 1929Manuel de Oliveira Gomes da Costa, Portuguese general and politician, 10th President of Portugal (b. 1863)
  • 1930Peter Warlock, Welsh composer and critic (b. 1894)
  • 1932Charles Winckler, Danish discus thrower, shot putter, and tug of war competitor (b. 1867)
  • 193313th Dalai Lama (b. 1876)
  • 1935Lizette Woodworth Reese, American poet (b. 1856)[8]
  • 1940Alicia Boole Stott, Anglo-Irish mathematician and academic (b. 1860)
  • 1942Allen Bathurst, Lord Apsley, English lieutenant and politician (b. 1895)
  • 1947Christos Tsigiridis, Greek engineer (b. 1877)
  • 1956Eddie Acuff, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1957Dorothy L. Sayers, English author, poet, and playwright (b. 1893)
  • 1962Thomas Mitchell, American actor (b. 1892)
  • 1964Victor Francis Hess, Austrian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1883)
  • 1967Harold Holt, Australian lawyer and politician, 17th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1908)
  • 1970Oliver Waterman Larkin, American historian, author, and educator (b. 1896)
  • 1978Don Ellis, American trumpet player, composer, and bandleader (b. 1934)
  • 1981Antiochos Evangelatos, Greek composer and conductor (b. 1903)
  • 1982Homer S. Ferguson, American lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1889)
  • 1986Guillermo Cano Isaza, Colombian journalist (b. 1925)
  • 1987Linda Wong, American porn actress (b. 1951)
  • 1987 – Marguerite Yourcenar, Belgian-American author and poet (b. 1903)
  • 1992Günther Anders, German journalist and philosopher (b. 1902)
  • 1992 – Dana Andrews, American actor (b. 1909)
  • 1999Rex Allen, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Grover Washington Jr., American singer-songwriter and saxophonist (b. 1943)
  • 1999 – C. Vann Woodward, American historian and academic (b. 1908)
  • 2002K. W. Devanayagam, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 10th Sri Lankan Minister of Justice (b. 1910)
  • 2003Otto Graham, American football player and coach (b. 1921)
  • 2004Tom Wesselmann, American painter and sculptor (b. 1931)
  • 2005Jack Anderson, American journalist and author (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Marc Favreau, Canadian actor and poet (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Haljand Udam, Estonian orientalist and academic (d. 1936)
  • 2006Larry Sherry, American baseball player and coach (b. 1935)
  • 2008Sammy Baugh, American football player and coach (b. 1914)
  • 2008 – Freddy Breck, German singer-songwriter, producer, and journalist (b. 1942)
  • 2008 – Dave Smith, American baseball player and coach (b. 1955)
  • 2009Chris Henry, American football player (b. 1983)
  • 2009 – Jennifer Jones, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2009 – Alaina Reed Hall, American actress (b. 1946)
  • 2010Captain Beefheart, American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2010 – Walt Dropo, American basketball and baseball player (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Ralph Coates, English footballer (b. 1946)
  • 2011Eva Ekvall, Venezuelan journalist and author, Miss Venezuela 2000 (b. 1983)
  • 2011 – Kim Jong-il, North Korean commander and politician, 2nd Supreme Leader of North Korea (b. 1941)
  • 2012Richard Adams, Filipino-American activist (b. 1947)
  • 2012 – James Gower, American priest and activist, co-founded the College of the Atlantic (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Daniel Inouye, American captain and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Laurier LaPierre, Canadian historian, journalist, and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Frank Pastore, American baseball player and radio host (b. 1957)
  • 2013Fred Bruemmer, Latvian-Canadian photographer (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Ricardo María Carles Gordó, Spanish cardinal (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Richard Heffner, American historian and television host (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Tetsurō Kashibuchi, Japanese drummer, songwriter, and producer (b. 1950)
  • 2013 – Janet Rowley, American geneticist and biologist (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Conny van Rietschoten, Dutch sailor (b. 1926)
  • 2014Dieter Grau, German-American scientist and engineer (b. 1913)
  • 2014 – Richard C. Hottelet, American journalist (b. 1917)
  • 2014 – Oleh Lysheha, Ukrainian poet and playwright (b. 1949)
  • 2014 – Lowell Steward, American captain (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Ivan Vekić, Croatian colonel, lawyer, and politician, Croatian Minister of the Interior (b. 1938)
  • 2015Hal Brown, American baseball player and manager (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Osamu Hayaishi, American-Japanese biochemist and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2015 – Michael Wyschogrod, German-American philosopher and theologian (b. 1928)
  • 2016Benjamin A. Gilman, American soldier and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2016 – Henry Heimlich, American doctor (b. 1920)
  • 2016 – Gordon Hunt, American voice director (b. 1929)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Daniel the Prophet
    • Josep Manyanet i Vives
    • Lazarus of Bethany (local commemoration in Cuba)
    • O Sapientia
    • Olympias the Deaconess
    • Wivina
    • Sturm
    • December 17 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Kurdistan flag day
  • Accession Day (Bahrain)
  • International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers
  • Kurdish flag day (Global Kurdish population)
  • National Day (Bhutan)
  • Pan American Aviation Day (United States)
  • Wright Brothers Day, a United States federal observance by Presidential proclamation

References

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  7. Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (Biographical Dictionary of Italians), Edited by Treccani, Vol. 93, 2018.
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External links

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