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File:Retour des Cendres - 4.jpg

Arrival of " la Dorade" at Courbevoie on 14 December 1840., 1867 painting by Henri Félix Emmanuel Philippoteaux. Château de Malmaison

Events

  • 557Constantinople is severely damaged by an earthquake.
  • 835Sweet Dew Incident: Emperor Wenzong of the Tang dynasty conspires to kill the powerful eunuchs of the Tang court, but the plot is foiled.
  • 1287St. Lucia's flood: The Zuiderzee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses, killing over 50,000 people.
  • 1542 – Princess Mary Stuart becomes Queen of Scots at the age of one week on the death of her father, James V of Scotland.
  • 1650Anne Greene is hanged at Oxford Castle in England for infanticide, having concealed an illegitimate stillbirth. The following day she revives in the dissection room and, being pardoned, lives until 1659.
  • 1751 – The Theresian Military Academy is founded in Wiener Neustadt, Austria.
  • 1780Founding Father Alexander Hamilton marries Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton at the Schuyler Mansion in Albany, New York
  • 1782 – The Montgolfier brothers first test fly an unmanned hot air balloon in France; it floats nearly Script error: No such module "convert"..
  • 1812 – The French invasion of Russia comes to an end as the remnants of the Grande Armée are expelled from Russia.
  • 1814War of 1812: The Royal Navy seizes control of Lake Borgne, Louisiana.
  • 1819Alabama becomes the 22nd U.S. state.
  • 1836 – The Toledo War unofficially ends.
  • 1896 – The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company.
  • 1900Quantum mechanics: Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law.
  • 1902 – The Commercial Pacific Cable Company lays the first Pacific telegraph cable, from San Francisco to Honolulu.
  • 1903 – The Wright brothers make their first attempt to fly with the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
  • 1907 – The Template:Ship, the largest ever ship without a heat engine, runs aground and founders near the Hellweather's Reef within the Isles of Scilly in a gale. The pilot and 15 seamen die.
  • 1909New South Wales Premier Charles Wade signs the Seat of Government Surrender Act 1909, formally completing the transfer of State land to the Commonwealth to create the Australian Capital Territory.
  • 1911Roald Amundsen's team, comprising himself, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting, becomes the first to reach the South Pole.
  • 1913Template:Ship, the fourth and last Template:Sclass- ship, launches, eventually becoming one of the Japanese workhorses during World War I and World War II.
  • 1914Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressive Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • 1918Friedrich Karl von Hessen, a German prince elected by the Parliament of Finland to become King Väinö I, renounces the Finnish throne.
  • 1918 – Portuguese President Sidónio Pais is assassinated.
  • 1918 – The 1918 United Kingdom general election occurs, the first where women were permitted to vote.
  • 1939Winter War: The Soviet Union is expelled from the League of Nations for invading Finland.
  • 1940Plutonium (specifically Pu-238) is first isolated at Berkeley, California.
  • 1941World War II: Japan signs a treaty of alliance with Thailand.
  • 1948Thomas T. Goldsmith Jr. and Estle Ray Mann are granted a patent for their cathode-ray tube amusement device, the earliest known interactive electronic game.
  • 1955Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Ceylon, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Libya, Nepal, Portugal, Romania and Spain join the United Nations through United Nations Security Council Resolution 109.
  • 1958 – The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition becomes the first to reach the southern pole of inaccessibility.
  • 1960Convention against Discrimination in Education of UNESCO is adopted.
  • 1962NASA's Mariner 2 becomes the first spacecraft to fly by Venus.
  • 1963 – The dam containing the Baldwin Hills Reservoir bursts, killing five people and damaging hundreds of homes in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1964American Civil Rights Movement: Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that Congress can use the Constitution's Commerce Clause to fight discrimination.
  • 1971Bangladesh Liberation War: Over 200 of East Pakistan's intellectuals are executed by the Pakistan Army and their local allies. (The date is commemorated in Bangladesh as Martyred Intellectuals Day.)
  • 1972Apollo program: Eugene Cernan is the last person to walk on the moon, after he and Harrison Schmitt complete the third and final extravehicular activity (EVA) of the Apollo 17 mission.
  • 1981Arab–Israeli conflict: Israel's Knesset ratifies the Golan Heights Law, extending Israeli law to the occupied Golan Heights.
  • 1985Wilma Mankiller takes office as the first woman elected to serve as Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation.
  • 1992War in Abkhazia: Siege of Tkvarcheli: A helicopter carrying evacuees from Tkvarcheli is shot down, resulting in at least 52 deaths, including 25 children. The incident catalyses more concerted Russian military intervention on behalf of Abkhazia.
  • 1994 – Construction begins on the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze river.
  • 1995Yugoslav Wars: The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris by the leaders of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • 1998 – Yugoslav Wars: The Yugoslav Army ambushes a group of Kosovo Liberation Army fighters attempting to smuggle weapons from Albania into Kosovo, killing 36.
  • 1999Torrential rains cause flash floods in Vargas, Venezuela, resulting in tens of thousands of deaths, the destruction of thousands of homes, and the complete collapse of the state's infrastructure.
  • 2003 – Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf narrowly escapes an assassination attempt.
  • 2004 – The Millau Viaduct, the tallest bridge in the world, is formally inaugurated near Millau, France.
  • 2008Muntadhar al-Zaidi throws his shoes at then-U.S. President George W. Bush during a press conference in Baghdad, Iraq.
  • 2012Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting: Twenty-eight people, including the gunman, are killed in Sandy Hook, Connecticut.
  • 2013A reported coup attempt in South Sudan leads to continued fighting and hundreds of casualties.
  • 2017The Walt Disney Company announces that it would acquire 21st Century Fox, including the 20th Century Fox movie studio, for $52.4 billion.
  • 2020 – A total solar eclipse will be visible from Chile and Argentina.[1]

Births

  • 1009Go-Suzaku, emperor of Japan (d. 1045)
  • 1332Frederick III, German nobleman (d. 1381)
  • 1546Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer and chemist (d. 1601)
  • 1599Charles Berkeley, 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge, English politician (d. 1668)
  • 1607János Kemény, Hungarian prince (d. 1662)
  • 1625Barthélemy d'Herbelot, French orientalist and academic (d. 1695)
  • 1631Anne Conway, English philosopher and author (d. 1679)
  • 1640Aphra Behn, English playwright and author (d. 1689)
  • 1678Daniel Neal, English historian and author (d. 1743)
  • 1720Justus Möser, German jurist and theorist (d. 1794)
  • 1730Capel Bond, English organist and composer (d. 1790)
  • 1738Jan Antonín Koželuh, Czech composer and educator (d. 1814)
  • 1775Philander Chase, American bishop and educator, founded Kenyon College (d. 1852)
  • 1775 – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, Scottish admiral and politician (d. 1860)
  • 1777Du Pre Alexander, 2nd Earl of Caledon, Irish politician, Lord Lieutenant of Tyrone (d. 1839)
  • 1784Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily (d. 1806)
  • 1789Maria Szymanowska, Polish composer and pianist (d. 1831)
  • 1791Charles Wolfe, Irish priest and poet (d. 1823)
  • 1794Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (d. 1872)
  • 1816Abraham Hochmuth, Hungarian rabbi and educator (d. 1889)
  • 1824Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter and illustrator (d. 1898)
  • 1832Daniel H. Reynolds, American general, lawyer, and politician (d. 1902)
  • 1851Mary Tappan Wright, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1916)
  • 1852Daniel De Leon, Curaçaoan-American journalist and politician (d. 1914)
  • 1853Errico Malatesta, Italian activist and theorist (d. 1932)
  • 1856Louis Marshall, American lawyer and activist (d. 1929)
  • 1866Roger Fry, English painter and critic (d. 1934)
  • 1870Karl Renner, Austrian lawyer and politician, 4th President of Austria (d. 1950)
  • 1881Katherine MacDonald, American actress and producer (d. 1956)
  • 1883Manolis Kalomiris, Greek pianist and composer (d. 1962)
  • 1883 – Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist, developed aikido (d. 1969)
  • 1884Jane Cowl, American actress and playwright (d. 1950)
  • 1887Xul Solar, Argentinian painter and sculptor (d. 1963)
  • 1894Alexander Nelke, Estonian-American painter and carpenter (d. 1974)
  • 1895George VI of the United Kingdom (d. 1952)
  • 1895 – Paul Éluard, French poet and author (d. 1952)
  • 1896Jimmy Doolittle, American general and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1993)
  • 1897Kurt Schuschnigg, Italian-Austrian lawyer and politician, 15th Federal Chancellor of Austria (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Margaret Chase Smith, American educator and politician (d. 1995)
  • 1899 – DeFord Bailey, American Hall of Fame country and blues musician (d. 1982)
  • 1901Henri Cochet, French tennis player (d. 1987)
  • 1901 – Paul of Greece (d. 1964)
  • 1902Frances Bavier, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1902 – Herbert Feigl, Austrian philosopher from the Vienna Circle (d. 1988)
  • 1903Walter Rangeley, English sprinter (d. 1982)
  • 1904Virginia Coffey, American civil rights activist (d. 2003)
  • 1908Morey Amsterdam, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Claude Davey, Welsh rugby player (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Mária Szepes, Hungarian journalist, author, and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1909Edward Lawrie Tatum, American geneticist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1911Spike Jones, American singer and bandleader (d. 1965)
  • 1911 – Hans von Ohain, German-American physicist and engineer (d. 1998)
  • 1911 – Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz, Greek-Polish swimmer and water polo player (d. 1943)
  • 1914Karl Carstens, German lieutenant and politician, 5th President of the Federal Republic of Germany (d. 1992)
  • 1914 – France Milčinski - Ježek, Slovene poet, satirist, comedian, actor, children's writer and director.
  • 1914 – Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichord player (d. 2003)
  • 1915Dan Dailey, American dancer and actor (d. 1978)
  • 1916Shirley Jackson, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1965)
  • 1917C.-H. Hermansson, Swedish author and politician (d. 2016)
  • 1917 – Elyse Knox, American actress and fashion designer (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – June Taylor, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2004)
  • 1918James T. Aubrey, American broadcaster (d. 1994)
  • 1918 – Radu Beligan, Romanian actor and director (d. 2016)
  • 1918 – B. K. S. Iyengar, Indian yoga instructor and author, founded Iyengar Yoga (d. 2014)
  • 1920Clark Terry, American trumpet player, composer, and educator (d. 2015)
  • 1922Nikolay Basov, Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Don Hewitt, American journalist and producer, created 60 Minutes (d. 2009)
  • 1922 – Junior J. Spurrier, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1984)
  • 1923Gerard Reve, Dutch-Belgian author and poet (d. 2006)
  • 1924Raj Kapoor, Indian actor, director, and producer (d. 1988)
  • 1925Sam Jones, American baseball player (d. 1971)
  • 1927Richard Cassilly, American tenor and actor (d. 1998)
  • 1927 – Koos Rietkerk, Dutch lawyer and politician, Dutch Minister of the Interior (d. 1986)
  • 1929Ron Jarden, New Zealand rugby player (d. 1977)
  • 1930David R. Harris, English geographer, anthropologist, and archaeologist (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Margaret Bakkes, South African author (d. 2016)
  • 1931Jon Elia, Pakistani philosopher, poet, and scholar (d. 2002)
  • 1931 – Vladimir-Georg Karassev-Orgusaar, Estonian director and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1932George Furth, American actor and playwright (d. 2008)
  • 1932 – Abbe Lane, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1932 – Charlie Rich, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1995)
  • 1934Shyam Benegal, Indian director and screenwriter
  • 1934 – Charlie Hodge, American guitarist and singer (d. 2006)
  • 1935Lewis Arquette, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1935 – Lee Remick, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1938Leonardo Boff, Brazilian theologian and author
  • 1938 – Charlie Griffith, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1939Ann Cryer, English academic and politician
  • 1939 – Ernie Davis, American football player (d. 1963)
  • 1940Lex Gold, Scottish footballer and civil servant
  • 1941Karan Armstrong, American soprano and actress
  • 1941 – Ellen Willis, American journalist, critic, and academic (d. 2006)
  • 1942Chris Harris, English actor and director (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Dick Wagner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2014)
  • 1943Tommy McAvoy, Scottish politician
  • 1943 – Emmett Tyrrell, American journalist, author, and publisher, founded The American Spectator
  • 1944Graham Kirkham, Baron Kirkham, English businessman, founded DFS
  • 1944 – Denis Thwaites, English professional footballer murdered in the 2015 Sousse attacks (died 2015)[2]
  • 1946Antony Beevor, English historian and author
  • 1946 – Jane Birkin, English-French actress and singer
  • 1946 – John Du Prez, English conductor and composer
  • 1946 – Patty Duke, American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1946 – Ruth Fuchs, German javelin thrower and politician
  • 1946 – Peter Lorimer, Scottish footballer
  • 1946 – Michael Ovitz, American talent agent, co-founded Creative Artists Agency
  • 1946 – Stan Smith, American tennis player and coach
  • 1946 – Joyce Vincent Wilson, American singer
  • 1947Christopher Parkening, American guitarist and educator
  • 1947 – Dilma Rousseff, Brazilian economist and politician, 36th President of Brazil
  • 1948Lester Bangs, American journalist and author (d. 1982)
  • 1948 – Kim Beazley, Australian politician and diplomat, 9th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia
  • 1948 – Boudewijn Büch, Dutch author, poet, and television host (d. 2002)
  • 1948 – Peeter Kreitzberg, Estonian lawyer and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1949Bill Buckner, American baseball player and manager (d. 2019)
  • 1949 – Cliff Williams, Australian bass player
  • 1951Jan Timman, Dutch chess player and author
  • 1952John Lurie, American actor, saxophonist, painter, director, and producer
  • 1953Vijay Amritraj, Indian tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1953 – Wade Davis, Canadian anthropologist, author, and photographer
  • 1953 – René Eespere, Estonian composer
  • 1953 – Vangelis Meimarakis, Greek lawyer and politician, 4th Greek Minister for National Defence
  • 1953 – Mikael Odenberg, Swedish soldier and politician, 29th Swedish Minister for Defence
  • 1954Alan Kulwicki, American race car driver (d. 1993)
  • 1954 – Steve MacLean, Canadian physicist and astronaut
  • 1955Jane Crafter, Australian golfer
  • 1955 – Jill Pipher, American mathematician and academic
  • 1956Linda Fabiani, Scottish politician
  • 1956 – Hanni Wenzel, German skier
  • 1958Mike Scott, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958 – Spider Stacy, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959Bob Paris, American-Canadian bodybuilder and actor
  • 1959 – Jorge Vaca, Mexican boxer
  • 1960Don Franklin, American actor
  • 1960 – Chris Waddle, English footballer, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Diane Williams, American sprinter
  • 1960 – James Comey, 7th Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • 1961Jeff Robinson, American baseball player (d. 2014)
  • 1961 – Patrik Sundström, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1963Greg Abbott, English footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Diana Gansky, German discus thrower
  • 1965Craig Biggio, American baseball player and coach
  • 1965 – Ken Hill, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Ted Raimi, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1966Fabrizio Giovanardi, Italian race car driver
  • 1966 – Anthony Mason, American basketball player (d. 2015)
  • 1966 – Helle Thorning-Schmidt, Danish academic and politician, 41st Prime Minister of Denmark
  • 1966 – Bill Ranford, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1966 – Tim Sköld, Swedish bass player and producer
  • 1967Ewa Białołęcka, Polish author
  • 1967 – Hanne Haugland, Norwegian high jumper and coach
  • 1968Kelley Armstrong, Canadian author
  • 1969Scott Hatteberg, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Archie Kao, American actor and producer
  • 1969 – Arthur Numan, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Natascha McElhone, English-Irish actress
  • 1970Anna Maria Jopek, Polish singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
  • 1970 – Beth Orton, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971Michaela Watkins, American actor and comedian
  • 1972Miranda Hart, English actress
  • 1972 – Marcus Jensen, American baseball player and coach
  • 1973Falk Balzer, German hurdler
  • 1973 – Pat Burke, Irish basketball player
  • 1973 – Tomasz Radzinski, Polish-Canadian footballer
  • 1973 – Saulius Štombergas, Lithuanian basketball player and coach
  • 1974Billy Koch, American baseball player
  • 1975Justin Furstenfeld, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1975 – Ben Kay, English rugby player
  • 1976Tammy Blanchard, American actress and singer
  • 1976 – Leland Chapman, American bounty hunter
  • 1976 – Sebastien Chaule, French-German rugby player
  • 1976 – André Couto, Portuguese race car driver
  • 1976 – Santiago Ezquerro, Spanish footballer
  • 1977Brendan Nash, Australian-Jamaican cricketer
  • 1977 – Jamie Peacock, English rugby player and manager
  • 1978Dean Brogan, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1978 – Shedrack Kibet Korir, Kenyan runner
  • 1978 – Zdeněk Pospěch, Czech footballer
  • 1978 – Patty Schnyder, Swiss tennis player
  • 1978 – Kim St-Pierre, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979Jean-Alain Boumsong, French footballer
  • 1979 – Andrei Makrov, Estonian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Sophie Monk, English-Australian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1979 – Michael Owen, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1979 – Rocc, Slovenian opera stage director & designer[3]
  • 1980Gordon Greer, Scottish footballer
  • 1980 – Didier Zokora, Ivorian footballer
  • 1980 – Thed Björk, Swedish race car driver
  • 1981Rebecca Jarvis, American journalist
  • 1981 – Johnny Jeter, American wrestler
  • 1981 – Liam Lawrence, Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Shaun Marcum, American baseball player
  • 1982Josh Fields, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Steve Sidwell, English footballer
  • 1982 – Anthony Way, English singer and actor
  • 1983Leanne Mitchell, English singer-songwriter
  • 1984Chris Brunt, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1984 – Rana Daggubati, Indian actor and producer
  • 1984 – Ed Rainsford, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1985Jakub Błaszczykowski, Polish footballer
  • 1985 – Alex Pennie, Welsh keyboard player
  • 1985 – Paul Rabil, American lacrosse player
  • 1985 – Tom Smith, English-Welsh rugby player
  • 1985 – Nonami Takizawa, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1987Kenneth Medwood, Belizean-American hurdler
  • 1988Nicolas Batum, French basketball player
  • 1988 – Nate Ebner, American football player
  • 1988 – Vanessa Hudgens, American actress and singer
  • 1988 – Hayato Sakamoto, Japanese baseball player
  • 1989Sam Burgess, English rugby league player
  • 1989 – Pedro Roberto Silva Botelho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1989 – Onew, South Korean singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1991Ben Henry, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1991 – Offset, American rapper
  • 1992Tori Kelly, American singer-songwriter
  • 1992 – Ryo Miyaichi, Japanese footballer
  • 1993Antonio Giovinazzi, Italian race car driver
  • 1995Calvyn Justus, South African swimmer
  • 1996Li Zijun, Chinese figure skater

Deaths

  • 618Xue Rengao, emperor of Qin
  • 648John III of the Sedre, Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch[4]
  • 704Aldfrith, king of Northumbria (or 705)
  • 872Pope Adrian II (b. 792)
  • 1077Agnes of Poitou, Holy Roman Empress and regent (b. c. 1025)
  • 1293Al-Ashraf Khalil, Mamluk sultan of Egypt
  • 1311Margaret of Brabant, German queen consort (b. 1276)
  • 1332Rinchinbal Khan, Mongolian emperor (b. 1326)
  • 1359Cangrande II della Scala, Lord of Verona (b. 1332)
  • 1417John Oldcastle, English Lollard leader
  • 1460Guarino da Verona, Italian scholar and translator (b. 1370)
  • 1480Niccolò Perotti, humanist scholar (b. 1429)
  • 1503Sten Sture the Elder, regent of Sweden (b. 1440)
  • 1510Friedrich of Saxony (b. 1473)
  • 1542James V of Scotland (b. 1512)
  • 1591John of the Cross, Spanish priest and saint (b. 1542)
  • 1595Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon (b. 1535)
  • 1624Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, English politician, Lord High Admiral (b. 1536)
  • 1651Pierre Dupuy, French historian and scholar (b. 1582)
  • 1715Thomas Tenison, English archbishop (b. 1636)
  • 1735Thomas Tanner, English bishop and historian (b. 1674)
  • 1741Charles Rollin, French historian and educator (b. 1661)
  • 1785Giovanni Battista Cipriani, Italian painter and engraver (b. 1727)
  • 1788Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German pianist and composer (b. 1714)
  • 1788 – Charles III of Spain (b. 1716)
  • 1799George Washington, American general and politician, 1st President of the United States (b. 1732)
  • 1831Martin Baum, American businessman and politician, 5th Mayor of Cincinnati (b. 1765)
  • 1838Jean-Olivier Chénier, Canadian physician (b. 1806)
  • 1842Ben Crack-O, king of several tribes around Cape Palmas
  • 1860George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Scottish-English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1784)
  • 1861Albert, Prince Consort of the United Kingdom (b. 1819)
  • 1865Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist and mineralogist (b. 1794)
  • 1873Louis Agassiz, Swiss-American zoologist and geologist (b. 1807)
  • 1878Princess Alice of the United Kingdom (b. 1843)
  • 1912Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis, English lieutenant and explorer (b. 1887)
  • 1917Phil Waller, Welsh rugby player (b. 1889)
  • 1920George Gipp, American football player (b. 1895)
  • 1927Julian Sochocki, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1842)
  • 1929Henry B. Jackson, British admiral (b. 1855)
  • 1935Stanley G. Weinbaum, American author (b. 1902)
  • 1937Fabián de la Rosa, Filipino painter and educator (b. 1869)
  • 1940Anton Korošec, Slovenian priest and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (b. 1872)
  • 1943John Harvey Kellogg, American physician and businessman, co-invented corn flakes (b. 1852)
  • 1944Lupe Vélez, Mexican actress (b. 1908)[5]
  • 1947Stanley Baldwin, English lieutenant and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1867)
  • 1947 – Edward Higgins, English-American 3rd General of The Salvation Army (b. 1864)
  • 1953Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American author and academic (b. 1896)
  • 1956Juho Kusti Paasikivi, Finnish lawyer and politician, 7th President of Finland (b. 1870)
  • 1963Dinah Washington, American singer and pianist (b. 1924)
  • 1964William Bendix, American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1970Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician, German Reich Minister of Justice (b. 1876)
  • 1971Mufazzal Haider Chaudhury, Bangladeshi linguist and scholar (b. 1926)
  • 1971 – Munier Choudhury, Bangladeshi author, playwright, and critic (b. 1925)
  • 1971 – Shahidullah Kaiser, Bangladeshi journalist and author (b. 1927)
  • 1974Walter Lippmann, American journalist and author (b. 1889)
  • 1975Arthur Treacher, English-American entertainer (b. 1894)
  • 1978Salvador de Madariaga, Spanish historian and diplomat, co-founded the College of Europe (b. 1886)
  • 1980Elston Howard, American baseball player and coach (b. 1929)
  • 1984Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish poet and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1898)
  • 1985Catherine Doherty, Russian-Canadian activist, founded the Madonna House Apostolate (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Roger Maris, American baseball player and coach (b. 1934)
  • 1989Jock Mahoney, American actor and stuntman (b. 1919)
  • 1989 – Andrei Sakharov, Russian physicist and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1921)
  • 1990Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss author and playwright (b. 1921)
  • 1991Robert Eddison, Japanese-English actor (b. 1908)
  • 1993Jeff Alm, American football player (b. 1968)
  • 1993 – Myrna Loy, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1994Orval Faubus, American soldier and politician, 36th Governor of Arkansas (b. 1910)
  • 1995G. C. Edmondson, American soldier and author (b. 1922)
  • 1996Gaston Miron, Canadian poet and author (b. 1928)
  • 1997Stubby Kaye, American actor and comedian (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Emily Cheney Neville, American author (b. 1919)
  • 1997 – Kurt Winter, Canadian guitarist and songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 1998Norman Fell, American actor and comedian (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – A. Leon Higginbotham Jr., American lawyer, judge, and activist (b. 1928)
  • 1998 – Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician, Mayor of Dallas (b. 1924)
  • 2001W. G. Sebald, German novelist, essayist, and poet (b. 1944)
  • 2003Jeanne Crain, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Blas Ople, Filipino journalist and politician, 21st President of the Senate of the Philippines (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Frank Sheeran, American union leader and mobster (b. 1920)
  • 2004Rod Kanehl, American baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – Fernando Poe Jr., Filipino actor, director, producer, and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2006Anton Balasingham, Sri Lankan-English strategist and negotiator (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Ahmet Ertegun, Turkish-American composer and producer, co-founded Atlantic Records (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Mike Evans, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1949)
  • 2009Alan A'Court, English footballer and manager (b. 1934)
  • 2010Timothy Davlin, American politician, Mayor of Springfield (b. 1957)
  • 2010 – Neva Patterson, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 2010 – Dale Roberts, English footballer (b. 1986)
  • 2011Joe Simon, American author and illustrator (b. 1913)
  • 2011 – Billie Jo Spears, American singer-songwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2012John Graham, English general (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Edward Jones, American police officer and politician (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Victoria Leigh Soto, American educator (b. 1985)
  • 2013Janet Dailey, American author (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – C. N. Karunakaran, Indian painter and illustrator (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Dennis Lindley, English statistician and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Peter O'Toole, British-Irish actor (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – George Rodrigue, American painter (b. 1944)
  • 2014Theo Colborn, American zoologist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Irene Dalis, American soprano and pianist (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Louis Alphonse Koyagialo, Congolese politician, Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1947)
  • 2014 – Bess Myerson, American model, activist, game show panelist and television personality; Miss America 1945 (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Fred Thurston, American football player (b. 1933)
  • 2015Terry Backer, American soldier and politician (b. 1954)
  • 2015 – Glen Sonmor, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Vadym Tyshchenko, Ukrainian footballer and manager (b. 1963)
  • 2015 – Lillian Vernon, German-American businesswoman and philanthropist, founded the Lillian Vernon Company (b. 1927)
  • 2016Paulo Evaristo Arns, Brazilian cardinal (b. 1921)
  • 2016 – Bernard Fox, Welsh actor (b. 1927)
  • 2017Yu Kwang-chung, Chinese writer (b. 1928)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Folcwin
    • John of the Cross
    • John III of the Sedre (Syriac Orthodox Church)[4]
    • Matronian
    • Nicasius of Rheims
    • Nimatullah Kassab (Maronite Church)
    • Spyridon (Western Church)
    • Venantius Fortunatus
    • December 14 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Alabama Day (Alabama)
  • Forty-seven Ronin Remembrance Day (Sengaku-ji, Tokyo)
  • Martyred Intellectuals Day (Bangladesh)
  • Monkey Day

References

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  2. Denis Thwaites: Fast and skilful footballer who played for Birmingham City and was murdered in a terrorist attack in Tunisia | The Independent
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External links

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