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Events

  • 1294Saint Celestine V resigns the papacy after only five months to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit.
  • 1545 – The Council of Trent begins.
  • 1577 – Sir Francis Drake sets sail from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage.
  • 1636 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the National Guard of the United States.
  • 1642Abel Tasman is the first recorded European to sight New Zealand.
  • 1643English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
  • 1758 – The English transport ship Duke William sinks in the North Atlantic, killing over 360 people.
  • 1769Dartmouth College is founded by the Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, with a royal charter from King George III, on land donated by Royal governor John Wentworth.
  • 1818Cyril VI of Constantinople resigns from his position as Ecumenical Patriarch.
  • 1862American Civil War: At the Battle of Fredericksburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeats Union Major General Ambrose Burnside.
  • 1867 – A Fenian bomb explodes in Clerkenwell, London, killing six.
  • 1928George Gershwin's An American in Paris is first performed.
  • 1936 – An annular solar eclipse occurred and was visible from Australia, New Zealand on December 14th (Monday), and Oeno Island in Pitcairn Islands on December 13th (Sunday).[1]
  • 1937Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanking: The city of Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese. This is followed by the Nanking Massacre, in which Japanese troops rape and slaughter hundreds of thousands of civilians.
  • 1938The Holocaust: The Neuengamme concentration camp opens in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany.
  • 1939World War II: Battle of the River Plate: Captain Hans Langsdorff of the German Deutschland-class cruiser (pocket battleship) Admiral Graf Spee engages with Royal Navy cruisers Template:HMS, Template:HMS and Template:HMS.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Massacre of Kalavryta by German occupying forces in Greece.
  • 1949 – The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem.
  • 1959Archbishop Makarios III becomes the first President of Cyprus.
  • 1960 – While Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Imperial Bodyguard seizes the capital and proclaims him deposed and his son, Crown Prince Asfa Wossen, Emperor.
  • 1962NASA launches Relay 1, the first active repeater communications satellite in orbit.
  • 1967Constantine II of Greece attempts an unsuccessful counter-coup against the Regime of the Colonels.
  • 1968 – Brazilian President Artur da Costa e Silva issues AI-5 (Institutional Act No. 5), enabling government by decree and suspending habeas corpus.
  • 1972Apollo program: Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt begin the third and final extra-vehicular activity (EVA) or "Moonwalk" of Apollo 17. To date they are the last humans to set foot on the Moon.
  • 1974Malta becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1977Air Indiana Flight 216 crashes near Evansville Regional Airport, killing 29, including the University of Evansville basketball team, support staff, and boosters of the team.
  • 1981 – General Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law in Poland, largely due to the actions by Solidarity.
  • 1982 – The 6.0 Template:M North Yemen earthquake shakes southwestern Yemen with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing 2,800, and injuring 1,500.
  • 1988PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat gives a speech at a UN General Assembly meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, after United States authorities refused to grant him a visa to visit UN headquarters in New York.
  • 1989The Troubles: Attack on Derryard checkpoint: The Provisional Irish Republican Army launches an attack on a British Army temporary vehicle checkpoint near Rosslea, Northern Ireland. Two British soldiers are killed and two others are wounded.
  • 2001Sansad Bhavan, the building housing the Indian Parliament, is attacked by terrorists. Twelve people are killed, including the terrorists.
  • 2002European Union enlargement: The EU announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members on May 1, 2004.
  • 2003Iraq War: Operation Red Dawn: Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit.
  • 2007 – The Treaty of Lisbon is signed by members states of the European Union.
  • 2011 – A murder–suicide in Liège, Belgium, kills six and wounds 125 people at a Christmas market.
  • 2018 – A high-speed train crashes in Ankara, Turkey, killing at least nine people and injuring 84.[2]

Births

  • 1272 – King Frederick III of Sicily (d. 1337)
  • 1363Jean Gerson, chancellor of the University of Paris (d. 1429)[3]
  • 1476Lucy Brocadelli, Dominican tertiary and stigmatic (d. 1544)[4]
  • 1484Paul Speratus, German Lutheran (d. 1551)[5]
  • 1491Martín de Azpilcueta, Spanish theologian and economist (d. 1586)
  • 1499Justus Menius, German Lutheran pastor (d. 1558)
  • 1521Pope Sixtus V (d. 1590)
  • 1533Eric XIV of Sweden (d. 1577)
  • 1553Henry IV of France (d. 1610)
  • 1560Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully, 2nd Prime Minister of France (d. 1641)
  • 1585William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (d. 1649)
  • 1640Robert Plot, English chemist and academic (d. 1696)
  • 1662Francesco Bianchini, Italian astronomer and philosopher (d. 1729)
  • 1678Yongzheng Emperor of China (d. 1735)
  • 1720Carlo Gozzi, Italian playwright (d. 1804)
  • 1724Franz Aepinus, German astronomer and philosopher (d. 1802)
  • 1769James Scarlett Abinger, English judge (d. 1844)
  • 1780Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner, German chemist, invented the Döbereiner's lamp (d. 1849)
  • 1784Archduke Louis of Austria (d. 1864)
  • 1797Heinrich Heine, German journalist, poet, and critic (d. 1856)
  • 1804Joseph Howe, Canadian journalist and politician, 5th Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 1873)
  • 1814Ana Néri, Brazilian nurse and philanthropist (d. 1880)
  • 1816Werner von Siemens, German engineer and businessman, founded Siemens (d. 1892)
  • 1818Mary Todd Lincoln, 16th First Lady of the United States (d. 1882)
  • 1830Mathilde Fibiger, Danish feminist, novelist and telegraphist (d. 1892)
  • 1836Franz von Lenbach, German painter and academic (d. 1904)
  • 1854Herman Bavinck, Dutch philosopher, theologian, and academic (d. 1921)
  • 1856Svetozar Boroević, Croatian-Austrian field marshal (d. 1920)
  • 1860Lucien Guitry, French actor (d. 1925)
  • 1864Emil Seidel, American woodcarver and politician, 36th Mayor of Milwaukee (d. 1947)
  • 1867Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian physicist and author (d. 1917)
  • 1870Edward LeSaint, American actor and director (d. 1940)
  • 1871Emily Carr, Canadian painter and author (d. 1945)
  • 1874Josef Lhévinne, Russian pianist and educator (d. 1944)
  • 1882Jane Edna Hunter, African-American social worker (d. 1971)[6]
  • 1883Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian and bibliographer (d. 1950)[7]
  • 1884Aimilios Veakis, Greek actor, director, and playwright (d. 1951)
  • 1885Annie Dale Biddle Andrews, American mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1887George Pólya, Hungarian-American mathematician and academic (d. 1985)
  • 1887 – Alvin C. York, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964)
  • 1897Albert Aalbers, Dutch architect, designed the Savoy Homann Bidakara Hotel (d. 1961)
  • 1897 – Drew Pearson, American journalist and author (d. 1969)
  • 1900Jonel Perlea, Romanian-American conductor and educator (d. 1970)
  • 1901Olev Roomet, Estonian singer, violinist, and bagpipe player (d. 1987)
  • 1902Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, Greek philosopher and politician, 138th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Talcott Parsons, American sociologist and academic (d. 1979)
  • 1903Ella Baker, American activist (d. 1986)
  • 1903 – Carlos Montoya, Spanish guitarist and composer (d. 1993)
  • 1905Ann Barzel, American writer and dance critic (d. 2007)[8]
  • 1906Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark (d. 1968)
  • 1906 – Laurens van der Post, South African-English soldier and author (d. 1996)
  • 1908Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira, Brazilian historian and activist (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Van Heflin, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1908 – Elizabeth Alexander, British geologist, academic, and physicist (d. 1958)
  • 1911Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Kenneth Patchen, American poet and painter (d. 1972)
  • 1912Luiz Gonzaga, Brazilian singer-songwriter and accordion player (d. 1989)
  • 1913Arnold Brown, English-Canadian missionary, 11th General of The Salvation Army (d. 2002)
  • 1914Alan Bullock, English historian and author (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Larry Noble, English comedian and actor (d. 1993)
  • 1915B. J. Vorster, South African lawyer and politician, 4th State President of South Africa (d. 1983)
  • 1916Archie Moore, American boxer (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Leonard Weisgard, American author and illustrator (d. 2000)
  • 1918Bill Vukovich, Serbian-American race car driver (d. 1955)
  • 1919Hans-Joachim Marseille, German captain and pilot (d. 1942)
  • 1920George P. Shultz, American economist and politician, 60th United States Secretary of State
  • 1921Turgut Demirağ, Turkish film producer, director and screenwriter (d. 1987)
  • 1923Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2020)
  • 1923 – Terence Beckett, English businessman (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Edward Bede Clancy, Australian cardinal (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Larry Doby, American baseball player and manager (d. 2003)
  • 1925Dick Van Dyke, American actor, singer, and dancer
  • 1926Carl Erskine, American major-league baseball player
  • 1926 – George Rhoden, Jamaican runner
  • 1927James Wright, American poet and academic (d. 1980)
  • 1929Christopher Plummer, Canadian actor and producer
  • 1930Robert Prosky, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1933Doug Mohns, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1934Richard D. Zanuck, American film producer (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Antoinette Rodez Schiesler, American chemist (d. 1996)
  • 1935Joe Christopher, Virgin Islander baseball player
  • 1935 – Kenneth Hall, American football player
  • 1935 – Lindy McDaniel, American baseball player
  • 1935 – Türkan Saylan, Turkish physician and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1935 – Arthur Summons, Australian rugby player
  • 1936Prince Karim al-Husayn Shāh, Aga Khan IV,[9] Swiss-English businessman
  • 1936 – J. C. Martin, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1937Rob Houwer, Dutch director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1937 – Ulf G. Lindén, Swedish businessman (d. 2009)
  • 1938Gus Johnson, American basketball player (d. 1987)[10]
  • 1938 – Tom Shaw, American golfer
  • 1940Sanjaya Lall, Indian economist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1941John Davidson, American actor and game show host
  • 1942Howard Brenton, English playwright and screenwriter
  • 1942 – Anna Eshoo, American lawyer and politician
  • 1943Ferguson Jenkins, Canadian baseball and basketball player
  • 1943 – Marti Webb, British actress and singer
  • 1944Hwang Jang-lee, Japanese-South Korean martial artist and actor
  • 1945Herman Cain, American businessman and political activist (d. 2020)
  • 1948 – Jeff Baxter, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1948 – Lillian Board, South African-English sprinter (d. 1970)
  • 1948 – Ted Nugent, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1948 – Brian Wilson, Scottish journalist and politician, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
  • 1949Robert Lindsay, English actor and singer
  • 1949 – R. A. MacAvoy, American computer programmer and author
  • 1949 – Randy Owen, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – Tom Verlaine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950Linda Bellos, English businesswoman and politician
  • 1950 – Wendie Malick, American actress, model and comedian
  • 1950 – Julia Slingo, English meteorologist and academic
  • 1950 – Tom Vilsack, American lawyer and politician, 30th United States Secretary of Agriculture
  • 1952Junkyard Dog, American football player and wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1952 – John Francome, English jockey and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Larry Kenon, American basketball player
  • 1952 – Jean Rouaud, French author
  • 1953Berton Averre, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1953 – Ben Bernanke, American economist and academic
  • 1953 – Bill Castro, Dominican baseball player and coach
  • 1953 – Jim Davidson, English comedian, actor, and television host
  • 1953 – Bob Gainey, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1953 – Thomas Kurzhals, German keyboard player and songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1954John Anderson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1954 – Steve Forbert, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1954 – Harsh Vardhan, Indian otolaryngologist and politician, Indian Minister of Science and Technology
  • 1955Joseph Mahmoud, Moroccan-French runner
  • 1956Dale Berra, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Phil Hubbard, American basketball player and coach
  • 1956 – Jean-Marie Messier, French businessman
  • 1957Steve Buscemi, American actor and director
  • 1957 – Eric Marienthal, American saxophonist
  • 1959Heino Enden, Estonian basketball player and coach
  • 1959 – Staffan William-Olsson, Swedish guitarist and composer
  • 1960Richard Dent, American football player
  • 1961Harry Gregson-Williams, English composer, conductor, and producer
  • 1961 – Irene Sáez, Venezuelan model and politician, Governor of Nueva Esparta
  • 1961 – Gary Zimmerman, American football player
  • 1962Roger Ilegems, Belgian cyclist
  • 1962 – Jamie Raskin, American lawyer, academic, and politician
  • 1962 – Rex Ryan, American football player and coach
  • 1962 – Rob Ryan, American football player and coach
  • 1964hide, Japanese recording artist, the former lead guitarist of X Japan (d. 1998)
  • 1966Mike Tirico, American sportscaster
  • 1967Jamie Foxx, American actor, singer, songwriter, producer, and comedian
  • 1967 – Bo Pelini, American football player and coach
  • 1969Sergei Fedorov, Russian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1970Tonja Buford-Bailey, American hurdler and coach
  • 1970 – Eoin Jess, Scottish footballer
  • 1970 – Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner, Austrian mountaineer
  • 1971Naomi Long, Northern Irish engineer and politician, 54th Lord Mayor of Belfast
  • 1971 – Park Jin-young, South Korean singer-songwriter, producer, and record executive
  • 1971 – Scott Sattler, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Leanne Wood, Welsh academic and politician
  • 1972Chris Grant, Australian footballer
  • 1972 – James Murdoch, Australian-American businessman, son of Rupert Murdoch
  • 1974Sara Cox, English broadcaster
  • 1975Bates Battaglia, American ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Tom DeLonge, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1975 – Kostas Kiassos, Greek footballer
  • 1975 – Matthew LeCroy, American baseball player and coach
  • 1975 – Bahar Mert, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1976Josh Fogg, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Søren Friis, Danish footballer
  • 1976 – Radosław Sobolewski, Polish footballer
  • 1976 – Rama Yade, Senegalese-French politician
  • 1977Sascha Kindred, German-English swimmer
  • 1978Kaspars Kambala, Latvian basketball player
  • 1978 – B.J. Penn, American mixed martial artist and wrestler
  • 1979Matjaž Smodiš, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1979 – Luke Steele, Australian singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1980Patrik Antonius, Finnish tennis player, coach, and poker player
  • 1980 – Ryan France, English footballer
  • 1980 – Danil Haustov, Estonian swimmer
  • 1981Amy Lee, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1981 – Mathis Bailey, American-Canadian novelist and fiction writer
  • 1982Dan Hamhuis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Ayumi Kinoshita, Japanese actress and model
  • 1982 – Ricky Nolasco, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Tuka Rocha, Brazilian race car driver (d. 2019)
  • 1982 – Koutaro Tanaka, Japanese actor
  • 1982 – Dominik Werling, German footballer
  • 1983Matt Deis, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1983 – Otylia Jędrzejczak, Polish swimmer
  • 1983 – Janeth Jepkosgei, Kenyan runner
  • 1984Santi Cazorla, Spanish footballer
  • 1984 – Hanna-Maria Seppälä, Finnish swimmer[11]
  • 1985Michael Bumpus, American football player
  • 1985 – Laurence Leboeuf, Canadian actress
  • 1985 – Alby Mathewson, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1986Mathieu Gnanligo, Beninese sprinter
  • 1988Rickie Fowler, American golfer
  • 1988 – Olly Lancashire, English footballer
  • 1988 – James Tamou, New Zealand-Australian rugby league player
  • 1989Hellen Onsando Obiri, Kenyan runner[12]
  • 1989 – Ben Ridge, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Taylor Swift, American singer-songwriter, record producer and actress
  • 1991Sénah Mango, Togolese footballer
  • 1991 – Aaron Telitz, American race car driver
  • 1996Gleyber Torres, Venezuelan baseball player[13]

Deaths

  • 558Childebert I, Frankish king (b. 496)
  • 769Du Hongjian, Chinese politician (b. 709)
  • 838Pepin I of Aquitaine (b. 797)
  • 859Angilbert II, archbishop of Milan
  • 1124Pope Callixtus II (b. 1065)
  • 1126Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1075)
  • 1204Maimonides, Spanish rabbi and philosopher (b. 1135)
  • 1250Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1194)
  • 1272Bertold of Regensburg, German preacher
  • 1404Albert I, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1336)
  • 1466Donatello, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1386)
  • 1516Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer and historian (b. 1462)
  • 1521Manuel I of Portugal (b. 1469)
  • 1557Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia, Italian mathematician and engineer (b. 1499)
  • 1565Conrad Gessner, Swiss botanist and physician (b. 1516)
  • 1621Katarina Stenbock, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1535)
  • 1671Antonio Grassi, Italian Roman Catholic priest(b. 1592)
  • 1716Charles de La Fosse, French painter (b. 1640)
  • 1721Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor (b. 1676)
  • 1729Anthony Collins, English philosopher and author (b. 1676)
  • 1754Mahmud I, Ottoman sultan (b. 1696)
  • 1758Noël Doiron, Canadian Acadia leader (b. 1684)
  • 1769Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and hymn-writer (b. 1715)
  • 1783Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer and demographer (b. 1717)
  • 1784Samuel Johnson, English poet and lexicographer (b. 1709)
  • 1814Charles-Joseph, 7th Prince of Ligne, Belgian-Austrian field marshal (b. 1735)
  • 1837Herman of Alaska, Russian missionary and saint (b. 1756)
  • 1849Johann Centurius Hoffmannsegg, German botanist and entomologist (b. 1766)
  • 1862Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, American general, lawyer, and politician (b. 1823)
  • 1863Christian Friedrich Hebbel, German poet and playwright (b. 1813)
  • 1868Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer (b. 1794)
  • 1881August Šenoa, Croatian author and poet (b. 1838)
  • 1883Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)
  • 1893Georg August Rudolph, German lawyer and politician, 3rd Mayor of Marburg (b. 1816)
  • 1895Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist and engineer (b. 1800)
  • 1908Augustus Le Plongeon, French photographer and historian (b. 1825)
  • 1919Woldemar Voigt, German physicist and academic (b. 1850)
  • 1922Arthur Wesley Dow, American painter and photographer (b. 1857)
  • 1922 – Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic poet and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1861)
  • 1924Samuel Gompers, English-born American labor leader, founded the American Federation of Labor (b. 1850)
  • 1927Mehmet Nadir, Turkish mathematician and academic (b. 1856)
  • 1930Fritz Pregl, Slovenian-Austrian chemist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1931Gustave Le Bon, French psychologist, sociologist, and anthropologist (b. 1840)
  • 1932Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter and sculptor (b. 1853)
  • 1935Victor Grignard, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1942Wlodimir Ledóchowski, Austrian-Polish religious leader, 26th Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1942 – Robert Robinson Taylor, American architect (b. 1868)
  • 1944Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French painter and theorist (b. 1866)
  • 1945Irma Grese, German concentration camp guard (b. 1923)
  • 1945 – Josef Kramer, German concentration camp commandant (b. 1906)
  • 1945 – Elisabeth Volkenrath, Polish-German concentration camp supervisor (b. 1919)
  • 1947Henry James, American lawyer and author (b. 1879)
  • 1947 – Nicholas Roerich, Russian archaeologist, painter, and philosopher (b. 1874)
  • 1950Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician and academic (b. 1902)
  • 1954John Raymond Hubbell, American director and composer (b. 1879)
  • 1955Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1960Dora Marsden, English author and activist (b. 1882)
  • 1961Grandma Moses, American painter (b. 1860)
  • 1962Harry Barris, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1905)
  • 1969Raymond A. Spruance, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Philippines (b. 1886)
  • 1973Henry Green, English author (b. 1905)
  • 1974Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu, Egyptian-Turkish journalist, author, and politician (b. 1889)
  • 1975Cyril Delevanti, English-American actor (b. 1889)
  • 1977Oğuz Atay, Turkish engineer and author (b. 1934)
  • 1979Jon Hall, American actor and director (b. 1915)
  • 1979 – Behçet Necatigil, Turkish author, poet and translator (b. 1916)
  • 1983Alexander Schmemann, Estonian-American priest and theologian (b. 1921)
  • 1983 – Nichita Stănescu, Romanian poet and critic (b. 1933)
  • 1986Heather Angel, British-American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1986 – Ella Baker, American activist (b. 1903)
  • 1986 – Smita Patil, Indian actress and journalist (b. 1955)
  • 1992K. C. Irving, Canadian businessman (b. 1899)
  • 1992 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1899)
  • 1993Vanessa Duriès, French author (b. 1972)
  • 1995Ann Nolan Clark, American author and educator (b. 1896)
  • 1996Edward Blishen, English author and educator (b. 1920)
  • 1997Don E. Fehrenbacher, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1920)
  • 1998Lew Grade, Ukrainian-born British impresario and media proprietor (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Richard Thomas, Royal Naval Officer (b. 1922)
  • 1998 – Wade Watts, civil rights activist (b. 1919)
  • 2001Michael Bradshaw, British-Canadian actor (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Chuck Schuldiner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1967)
  • 2002Zal Yanovsky, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1944)
  • 2003Māris Čaklais, Latvian poet and journalist (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – William V. Roth, Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2004Andre Rodgers, Bahamian baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – David Wheeler, English computer scientist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2005Stanley Williams, American gang leader, co-founded the Crips (b. 1953)
  • 2006Lamar Hunt, American businessman, co-founded the American Football League and World Championship Tennis (b. 1932)
  • 2007Mark Partridge, Rhodesian lawyer and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Floyd Red Crow Westerman, American actor and activist (b. 1936)
  • 2008John Drake, New Zealand rugby player and journalist (b. 1959)
  • 2010James Dibble, Australian journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Richard Holbrooke, American journalist and diplomat, 22nd United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1941)
  • 2010 – Enrique Morente, Spanish singer-songwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2011T. J. Bass, American physician and author (b. 1932)
  • 2011 – Kabir Chowdhury, Bangladeshi author and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2011 – Russell Hoban, American author and illustrator (b. 1925)
  • 2012Ian Black, Scottish footballer (b. 1924)
  • 2013Marcel Cellier, Swiss organist and producer (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Vivian Kellogg, American baseball player and manager (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Kim Kuk-tae, North Korean politician (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Harvey Littleton, American glass artist and educator (b. 1922)
  • 2014Ernst Albrecht, German economist and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Lower Saxony (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – William E. May, American theologian and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Phil Stern, American photographer (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Taitetsu Unno, Japanese scholar and author (b. 1929)
  • 2015Benedict Anderson, Chinese-American political scientist and academic (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – John Bannon, Australian academic and politician, 39th Premier of South Australia (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Peter Ryan, Australian journalist and author (b. 1923)
  • 2016Thomas Schelling, American economist and educator (b. 1921)
  • 2016 – David Strangway, Canadian geophysicist and university administrator (b. 1934)
  • 2016 – Alan Thicke, Canadian-American actor and composer (b. 1947)
  • 2017Warrel Dane, American singer (b. 1961)
  • 2018Noah Klieger, Israeli journalist and Holocaust survivor (b. 1926)[14]

Holidays and observances

  • Acadian Remembrance Day (Acadians)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Antiochus of Sulcis
    • Judoc (Joyce)
    • Lucy, and its related observances:
      • National Day, celebrates the independence of Saint Lucia from United Kingdom in 1979.
      • Saint Lucy's Day (mainly Scandinavia, some regions of Italy (for example, Sicily, Veneto and Trentino), Malta, Hungary and Croatia).
    • Odile of Alsace
    • December 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Martial Law Victims Remembrance Day (Poland)
  • Nanking Massacre Memorial Day (China)
  • Nusantara Day (Indonesia)
  • Republic Day (Malta)
  • Sailor's Day (Brazil)

References

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External links

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