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Events

  • 627Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II's Persian forces, commanded by General Rhahzadh.
  • 884 – King Carloman II dies after a hunting accident. He is succeeded by his cousin, emperor Charles the Fat, who for the last time reunites the Frankish Empire.
  • 1098First Crusade: Siege of Ma'arrat al-Numan: Crusaders breach the town's walls and massacre about 20,000 inhabitants. After finding themselves with insufficient food, they reportedly resort to cannibalism.
  • 1388Mary of Enghien sells the lordship of Argos and Nauplia to the Republic of Venice.
  • 1408 – The Order of the Dragon, a monarchical chivalric order, is created by Sigismund of Luxembourg, then king of Hungary.
  • 1781American Revolutionary War: Second Battle of Ushant: A British fleet led by Template:HMS defeats a French fleet.
  • 1787Pennsylvania becomes the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, five days after Delaware became the first.
  • 1862American Civil War: Template:Ship sinks on the Yazoo River, becoming the first armored ship to be sunk by a controlled mine.
  • 1866Oaks explosion: The worst mining disaster in England kills 383 miners and rescuers.
  • 1870Joseph H. Rainey of South Carolina becomes the second black U.S. congressman, the first being Hiram Revels.
  • 1897Belo Horizonte, the first planned city in Brazil, is founded.
  • 1901Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio signal (the letter "S" [***] in Morse Code), at Signal Hill in St John's, Newfoundland.
  • 1911Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
  • 1911 – King George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck are enthroned as Emperor and Empress of India.
  • 1915 – President of the Republic of China, Yuan Shikai, announces his intention to reinstate the monarchy and proclaim himself Emperor of China.
  • 1917 – In Nebraska, Father Edward J. Flanagan founds Boys Town as a farm village for wayward boys.
  • 1918 – The Flag of Estonia is raised atop the Pikk Hermann for the first time.
  • 1925 – The Majlis of Iran votes to crown Reza Khan as the new Shah of Iran, starting the Pahlavi dynasty.
  • 1935Lebensborn Project, a Nazi reproduction program, is founded by Heinrich Himmler.
  • 1936Xi'an Incident: The Generalissimo of the Republic of China, Chiang Kai-shek, is kidnapped by Zhang Xueliang.
  • 1937Second Sino-Japanese War: USS Panay incident: Japanese aircraft bomb and sink U.S. gunboat Template:Ship on the Yangtze river in China.
  • 1939Winter War: Battle of Tolvajärvi: Finnish forces defeat those of the Soviet Union in their first major victory of the conflict.
  • 1939 – Template:HMS sinks after a collision with Template:HMS off the coast of Scotland with the loss of 124 men.
  • 1940World War II: Approximately 70 people are killed in the Marples Hotel, Fitzalan Square, Sheffield, as a result of a German air raid.
  • 1941 – World War II: Fifty-four Japanese A6M Zero fighters raid Batangas Field, Philippines. Jesús Villamor and four Filipino fighter pilots fend them off; César Basa is killed.
  • 1941 – World War II: The United Kingdom declares war on Bulgaria. Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States. India declares war on Japan.
  • 1941 – Adolf Hitler declares the imminent extermination of the Jews at a meeting in the Reich Chancellery
  • 1942 – World War II: German troops begin Operation Winter Storm, an attempt to relieve encircled Axis forces during the Battle of Stalingrad.
  • 1946 – A fire at an ice plant in Hudson Heights, Manhattan spreads to an adjacent tenement, killing 37 people.
  • 1948Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali massacre: Fourteen members of the Scots Guards stationed in Malaya allegedly massacre 24 unarmed civilians and set fire to the village.
  • 1950Paula Ackerman, the first woman appointed to perform rabbinical functions in the United States, leads the congregation in her first services.
  • 1956 – Beginning of the Irish Republican Army's "Border Campaign".
  • 1963Kenya gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1964 – Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta becomes the first President of the Republic of Kenya.
  • 1969Years of Lead: Piazza Fontana bombing: The offices of Banca Nazionale dell'Agricoltura in Piazza Fontana, Milan, are bombed.
  • 1979Coup d'état of December Twelfth: South Korean Army Major General Chun Doo-hwan orders the arrest of Army Chief of Staff General Jeong Seung-hwa without authorization from President Choi Kyu-ha, alleging involvement in the assassination of ex-President Park Chung-hee.
  • 1979 – President of Pakistan Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq confers Nishan-e-Imtiaz on Nobel laureate Dr Abdus Salam.
  • 1979 – The unrecognised state of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia returns to British control and resumes using the name Southern Rhodesia.
  • 1979 – The 8.2 Mw Tumaco earthquake shakes Colombia and Ecuador with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing 300–600, and generating a large tsunami.
  • 1983 – The Australian Labor government led by Prime Minister Bob Hawke and Treasurer Paul Keating floats the Australian dollar.
  • 1984Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya becomes the third president of Mauritania after a coup d'état against Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla while the latter is attending a summit.
  • 1985Arrow Air Flight 1285, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8, crashes after takeoff in Gander, Newfoundland, killing all 256 people on board, including 236 members of the United States Army's 101st Airborne Division.
  • 1988 – The Clapham Junction rail crash kills thirty-five and injures hundreds after two collisions of three commuter trains—one of the worst train crashes in the United Kingdom.
  • 1991 – The Russian Federation gains independence from the USSR.
  • 2000 – The United States Supreme Court releases its decision in Bush v. Gore.
  • 2001Prime Minister of Vietnam Phan Văn Khải announces the decision on upgrading the Phong Nha–Kẻ Bàng nature reserve to a national park, providing information on projects for the conservation and development of the park and revised maps.
  • 2012North Korea successfully launches its first satellite, Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2, using an Unha-3 carrier rocket.

Births

  • 1298Albert II, Duke of Austria (d. 1358)
  • 1526Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz, Spanish admiral (d. 1588)
  • 1574Anne of Denmark (d. 1619)
  • 1610Basil of Ostrog, Serbian monk and saint (d. 1671)
  • 1685Lodovico Giustini, Italian pianist and composer (d. 1743)
  • 1712Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine (d. 1780)
  • 1724Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, English admiral and politician (d. 1816)
  • 1731Erasmus Darwin, English physician and poet (d. 1802)
  • 1745John Jay, American jurist and politician, 1st Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1829)
  • 1753William Beechey, English portrait-painter (d. 1839)
  • 1766Nikolay Karamzin, Russian poet and historian (d. 1826)
  • 1779Madeleine Sophie Barat, French nun and saint, founded the Society of the Sacred Heart (d. 1865)
  • 1786William L. Marcy, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 21st United States Secretary of State (d. 1857)
  • 1791Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma (d. 1847)
  • 1792Alexander Ypsilantis, Greek-Russian general and politician, Military ruler of Moldavia (d. 1828)
  • 1799Karl Bryullov, Russian painter (d. 1852)
  • 1805 – Henry Wells, American businessman, co-founded Wells Fargo and American Express (d. 1878)
  • 1806Stand Watie, American general (d. 1871)
  • 1812John Sandfield Macdonald, Canadian lawyer and politician, 1st Premier of Ontario (d. 1872)
  • 1814Juan Prim, 1st Marquis of los Castillejos, Spanish general and politician, Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1870)
  • 1821Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (d. 1880)
  • 1842Adolf Bötticher, German journalist and historian (d. 1901)
  • 1845Bruce Price, American architect, designed the American Surety Building and Bank of the Metropolis (d. 1903)
  • 1849William Kissam Vanderbilt, American businessman and horse breeder (d. 1920)
  • 1862J. Bruce Ismay, English businessman (d. 1937)
  • 1863Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and illustrator (d. 1944)
  • 1864Paul Elmer More, American journalist, author, and critic (d. 1937)
  • 1866Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1870Walter Benona Sharp, American businessman, co-founded Hughes Tool Company (d. 1912)
  • 1875Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal (d. 1953)
  • 1876Alvin Kraenzlein, American hurdler and runner (d. 1928)
  • 1881Harry Warner, Polish-American businessman, co-founded Warner Bros (d. 1958)
  • 1882Ioannis Demestichas, Greek admiral and politician (d. 1960)
  • 1884Zinaida Serebriakova, Ukrainian-French painter (d. 1967)
  • 1887Kurt Atterberg, Swedish composer and engineer (d. 1974)
  • 1892Milko Kos, Slovenian historian and academic (d. 1972)
  • 1893Edward G. Robinson, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1900Sammy Davis, Sr., American actor and dancer (d. 1988)
  • 1901Harald Kaarmann, Estonian footballer (d. 1942)
  • 1902Adele Dunlap, American educator and supercentenarian
  • 1903Dagmar Nordstrom, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1976)
  • 1903 – Yasujirō Ozu, Japanese director and screenwriter (d. 1963)
  • 1904Nicolas de Gunzburg, French-American banker and journalist (d. 1981)
  • 1905Manès Sperber, Austrian-French psychologist and author (d. 1984)
  • 1905Vasily Grossman, Russian journalist and author (d. 1964)
  • 1907Roy Douglas, English pianist and composer (d. 2015)
  • 1908Gustav Ernesaks, Estonian composer and conductor (d. 1993)
  • 1909Hans Keilson, German-Dutch psychologist, author, and poet (d. 2011)
  • 1909 – Karen Morley, American actress and political activist (d. 2003)
  • 1911Boun Oum, Laotian politician, 5th Prime Minister of Laos (d. 1980)
  • 1912Henry Armstrong, American boxer (d. 1988)
  • 1914Patrick O'Brian, English author and translator (d. 2000)
  • 1915Frank Sinatra, American singer, actor, and producer (d. 1998)
  • 1917James Wall, American actor and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1918Joe Williams, American singer and pianist (d. 1999)
  • 1919Olivia Barclay, English astrologer and author (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – Dan DeCarlo, American soldier and illustrator (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – B. B. Nimbalkar, Indian cricketer (d. 2012)
  • 1920Josef Doležal, Czech race walker (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Fred Kida, American illustrator (d. 2014)
  • 1922Christian Dotremont, Belgian painter and poet (d. 1979)
  • 1923Bob Barker, American game show host and producer
  • 1923 – Bob Dorough, American musician, composer, and producer
  • 1924Ed Koch, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 105th Mayor of New York City (d. 2013)
  • 1925Ted Kennedy, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2009)
  • 1925 – Dattu Phadkar, Indian cricketer (d. 1985)
  • 1925 – Vladimir Shainsky, Ukrainian-Russian pianist and composer
  • 1925 – Ahmad Shamloo, Iranian journalist and poet (d. 2000)
  • 1927Robert Noyce, American inventor and businessman, co-founded the Intel Corporation (d. 1990)
  • 1928Chinghiz Aitmatov, Kyrgyzstani diplomat and author (d. 2008)
  • 1928 – Helen Frankenthaler, American painter and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1929Toshiko Akiyoshi, Japanese pianist and composer
  • 1929 – John Osborne, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 1994)
  • 1930Silvio Santos, Brazilian television host and businessman, founded Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão
  • 1931Lionel Blair, English actor
  • 1932Bob Pettit, American basketball player and coach
  • 1933Manu Dibango, Cameroonian saxophonist and vibraphone player
  • 1933 – Christa Stubnick, German sprinter
  • 1934Miguel de la Madrid, Mexican lawyer and politician, 52nd President of Mexico (d. 2012)
  • 1935John Wise, Canadian farmer and politician, 23rd Minister of Agriculture (d. 2013)
  • 1936Iolanda Balaș, Romanian high jumper and educator (d. 2016)
  • 1936 – Denise Coffey, English actress and director
  • 1937Michael Jeffery, Australian general and politician, 24th Governor-General of Australia
  • 1937 – Philip Ledger, English pianist, composer, and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1937 – Buford Pusser, American police officer (d. 1974)
  • 1938Connie Francis, American singer and actress
  • 1939Terry Kirkman, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1940Sharad Pawar, Indian politician, Indian Minister of Agriculture
  • 1940 – Dionne Warwick, American singer
  • 1942Morris Sadek, Egyptian-American lawyer and activist
  • 1942 – Brough Scott, English jockey and journalist
  • 1943Vassilis Alexakis, Greek-French author and translator
  • 1943 – Dickey Betts, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – Sadeq Tabatabaei, Iranian journalist and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1943 – Grover Washington, Jr., American singer-songwriter, saxophonist, and producer (d. 1999)
  • 1944Jean Doré, Canadian lawyer and politician, 39th Mayor of Montreal (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – Cara Duff-MacCormick, Canadian actress
  • 1944 – Rob Tyner, American singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 1991)
  • 1945Portia Simpson-Miller, Jamaican politician, 7th Prime Minister of Jamaica
  • 1945 – Tony Williams, American drummer, composer, and producer (d. 1997)
  • 1946Emerson Fittipaldi, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1947Will Alsop, English architect and academic
  • 1947 – Wings Hauser, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Chris Mullin, English journalist and politician
  • 1948Colin Todd, English football player and coach
  • 1949Gopinath Munde, Indian lawyer and politician, 3rd Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra (d. 2014)
  • 1949 – Bill Nighy, English actor
  • 1949 – Marc Ravalomanana, Malagasy businessman and politician, President of Madagascar
  • 1950Pedro Ferriz de Con, Mexican journalist
  • 1950 – Martina Hellmann, German athlete
  • 1950 – Heiner Flassbeck, German economist and academic
  • 1950 – Rajinikanth, Indian actor
  • 1950 – Gorman Thomas, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Billy Smith, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1951Rehman Malik, Pakistani politician, Pakistani Minister of Interior
  • 1952Herb Dhaliwal, Indian-Canadian businessman and politician, 3rd Canadian Minister of Natural Resources
  • 1952 – Sarah Douglas, English actress
  • 1952 – Cathy Rigby, American gymnast
  • 1953Martin Ferguson, Australian lawyer and politician
  • 1953 – Bruce Kulick, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1953 – Rafael Septién, Mexican-American football player
  • 1955Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Greek businesswoman
  • 1955 – Eddy Schepers, Belgian cyclist
  • 1955 – Stephen Smith, Australian lawyer and politician, 53rd Australian Minister of Defence
  • 1956Johan van der Velde, Dutch cyclist
  • 1957Cy Curnin, English singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1957 – Sheila E., American singer-songwriter, drummer, and actress
  • 1958Alexander Crutchfield, American businessman, financier and investor
  • 1959Jasper Conran, English fashion designer
  • 1960Martina Hellmann, German discus thrower
  • 1961Andrey Perlov, Russian race walker
  • 1962Tracy Austin, American tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1962 – Arturo Barrios, Mexican-American runner
  • 1962 – Peter Bergen, American-English journalist and author
  • 1962 – Mike Golic, American football player and radio host
  • 1962 – Ulrike Tillmann, German mathematician and academic
  • 1963Eduardo Castro Luque, Mexican businessman and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1964Reeta Chakrabarti, English journalist
  • 1964 – Haywood Jeffires, American football player and coach
  • 1965Will Carling, English rugby player
  • 1966Royce Gracie, Brazilian-American mixed martial artist and actor
  • 1966 – Ian Paisley, Jr., Northern Irish politician
  • 1967Yuzo Koshiro, Japanese composer and producer
  • 1967 – John Randle, American football player
  • 1968Rory Kennedy, American director and producer
  • 1968 – Sašo Udovič, Slovenian footballer
  • 1968 – Laurie Williams, Jamaican cricketer (d. 2002)
  • 1969Sophie Kinsella, English author and educator
  • 1969 – Wilfred Kirochi, Kenyan runner
  • 1969 – Fiona May, English-Italian long jumper
  • 1969 – Michael Möllenbeck, German discus thrower
  • 1970Tahir Bilgic, Turkish-Australian comedian and actor
  • 1970 – Jennifer Connelly, American actress
  • 1970 – Regina Hall, American actress
  • 1971Sammy Korir, Kenyan runner
  • 1972Nicky Eaden, English footballer and coach
  • 1972 – Craig Field, Australian rugby league player
  • 1972 – Wilson Kipketer, Kenyan-Danish runner
  • 1972 – Georgios Theodoridis, Greek sprinter
  • 1972 – Hank Williams III, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973Tony Hsieh, American businessman, founded LinkExchange
  • 1973 – Walter Otta, Argentinian footballer
  • 1974Bernard Lagat, Kenyan-American runner
  • 1974 – Nolberto Solano, Peruvian footballer and manager
  • 1975Mayim Bialik, American actress
  • 1975 – Wesley Charles, Vincentian footballer
  • 1975 – Craig Moore, Australian footballer and manager
  • 1976Dan Hawkins, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1976 – Brent Johnson, Canadian football player
  • 1976 – Lloyd Owusu, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1976 – Asaka Seto, Japanese actress
  • 1977Yoel Hernández, Cuban hurdler
  • 1977 – Orlando Hudson, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Dean Macey, English decathlete and bobsledder
  • 1977 – Colin White, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978Gbenga Akinnagbe, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1978 – Shin Seung-hwan, South Korean actor
  • 1979Garrett Atkins, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Nate Clements, American football player
  • 1979 – John Salmons, American basketball player
  • 1980Dejene Berhanu, Ethiopian runner (d. 2010)
  • 1980 – Dorin Goian, Romanian footballer
  • 1980 – Berkant Göktan, Turkish-German footballer
  • 1981Ronnie Brown, American football player
  • 1981 – Jeret Peterson, American skier (d. 2011)
  • 1981 – Pedro Ríos, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – Yuvraj Singh, Indian cricketer
  • 1981 – Stephen Warnock, English footballer
  • 1982Dmitry Tursunov, Russian tennis player
  • 1984Daniel Agger, Danish footballer
  • 1984 – Daniel Merrett, Australian footballer
  • 1985Pat Calathes, Greek-American basketball player
  • 1985 – Chris Jennings, American football player
  • 1985 – David Veikune, American football player
  • 1985 – Giannis Zaradoukas, Greek footballer
  • 1986Daddy Birori, Rwandan footballer
  • 1986 – Përparim Hetemaj, Finnish footballer
  • 1986 – Nina Kolarič, Slovenian long jumper
  • 1986 – T. J. Ward, American football player
  • 1987Marte Eberson, Norwegian keyboard player and composer
  • 1988Isaac John, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1988 – Tony Williams, Australian-Tongan rugby league player
  • 1990Nixon Chepseba, Kenyan runner
  • 1990 – Victor Moses, Nigerian footballer
  • 1991Joseph Leilua, Australian-Samoan rugby league player
  • 1993Zeli Ismail, English footballer
  • 1994Mitchell Pinnock, English footballer
  • 1996Lachlan Croker, Australian rugby league player

Deaths

  • 884Carloman II, Frankish king (b. 866)
  • 894Guy III, king of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1143Kogyo-Daishi, restorer of Shingon Buddhism in Japan (b. 1095)
  • 1204Maimonides, Egyptian religious scholar, philosopher and physician (b. 1135)
  • 1212Geoffrey, English archbishop and politician, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1152)
  • 1569Philip II, Metropolitan of Moscow (b. 1507)
  • 1586Stephen Báthory, Polish king (b. 1533)
  • 1685John Pell, English mathematician and linguist (b. 1610)
  • 1751Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English philosopher and politician, Secretary at War (b. 1678)
  • 1766Johann Christoph Gottsched, German philosopher, author, and critic (b. 1700)
  • 1782Charles Gray, English lawyer and politician (b. 1696)
  • 1789John Ponsonby, Irish lawyer and politician (b. 1713)
  • 1790Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian historian and philosopher (b. 1733)
  • 1794Meshullam Feivush Heller, Ukrainian author (b. 1742)
  • 1817Tekle Giyorgis I, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1751)
  • 1843William I of the Netherlands (b. 1772)
  • 1858Jacques Viger, Canadian archeologist and politician, 1st Mayor of Montreal (b. 1787)
  • 1889Robert Browning, English poet and playwright (b. 1812)
  • 1889 – Viktor Bunyakovsky, Ukrainian-Russian mathematician and theorist (b. 1804)
  • 1894John Sparrow David Thompson, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1845)
  • 1913Menelik II, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1844)
  • 1921Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer and academic (b. 1868)
  • 1923Raymond Radiguet, French author and poet (b. 1903)
  • 1924Alexander Parvus, Russian-German theorist and politician (b. 1867)
  • 1926Jean Richepin, French author, poet, and playwright (b. 1849)
  • 1934Thorleif Haug, Norwegian skier (b. 1894)
  • 1939Douglas Fairbanks, Sr., American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1883)
  • 1941César Basa, Filipino lieutenant and pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1951Mildred Bailey, American singer (b. 1907)
  • 1952Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (b. 1879)
  • 1958 – Albert Walsh, Canadian lawyer and politician, 1st Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1900)
  • 1963Yasujirō Ozu, Japanese director and screenwriter (b. 1903)
  • 1964Maithili Sharan Gupt, Indian poet and playwright (b. 1866)
  • 1964 – William Rootes, 1st Baron Rootes, English businessman, founded Rootes Group (b. 1894)
  • 1966Karl Ruberl, Austrian-American swimmer (b. 1880)
  • 1968Tallulah Bankhead, American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1970Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (b. 1889)
  • 1970 – George Terwilliger, American director and screenwriter (b. 1882)
  • 1971Yechezkel Kutscher, Israeli philologist and linguist (b. 1909)
  • 1971 – David Sarnoff, Belarusian-American businessman (b. 1891)
  • 1975Richard Baggallay, English colonel and cricketer (b. 1884)
  • 1976Jack Cassidy, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1978Fay Compton, English actress (b. 1894)
  • 1980Jean Lesage, Canadian lawyer and politician, 19th Premier of Quebec (b. 1912)
  • 1985Anne Baxter, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1985 – Ian Stewart, Scottish keyboard player and manager (b. 1938)
  • 1986Paul Verner, German politician (b. 1911)
  • 1987Enrique Jorrín, Cuban violinist and composer (b. 1926)
  • 1992Suzanne Lilar, Belgian author and playwright (b. 1901)
  • 1993József Antall, Hungarian historian and politician, 35th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1932)
  • 1994Stuart Roosa, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1933)
  • 1994 – Donna J. Stone, American poet and philanthropist (b. 1933)
  • 1996Vance Packard, American journalist, author, and critic (b. 1914)
  • 1997Evgenii Landis, Ukrainian-Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1921)
  • 1998Lawton Chiles, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 41st Governor of Florida (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Marco Denevi, Argentinian author and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 1998 – Mo Udall, American captain and politician (b. 1922)
  • 1999Paul Cadmus, American painter and illustrator (b. 1904)
  • 1999 – Joseph Heller, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright(b. 1923)
  • 2000George Montgomery, American actor, stuntman, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 2000 – Ndabaningi Sithole, Zimbabwean militant leader, founded Zimbabwe African National Union (b. 1920)
  • 2001Ardito Desio, Italian geologist and explorer (b. 1897)
  • 2002Dee Brown, American historian and author (b. 1908)
  • 2003Heydar Aliyev, Azerbaijani general and politician, 3rd President of Azerbaijan (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Gangodawila Soma Thero, Sri Lankan monk and educator (b. 1948)
  • 2005Robert Newmyer, American actor and producer (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – Ramanand Sagar, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Annette Stroyberg, Danish actress (b. 1936)
  • 2005 – Gebran Tueni, Lebanese journalist and politician (b. 1957)
  • 2006Paul Arizin, American basketball player (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Peter Boyle, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Kenny Davern, American clarinet player and saxophonist (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Raymond P. Shafer, American lawyer and politician, 38th Governor of Pennsylvania (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Alan Shugart, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Seagate Technology (b. 1930)
  • 2007François al-Hajj, Lebanese general (b. 1953)
  • 2007 – Ike Turner, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1931)
  • 2008Avery Dulles, American cardinal and theologian (b. 1918)
  • 2008 – Van Johnson, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2008 – Tassos Papadopoulos, Cypriot lawyer and politician, 5th President of Cyprus (b. 1934)
  • 2010Tom Walkinshaw, Scottish race car driver, founded Tom Walkinshaw Racing (b. 1946)
  • 2012Joe Allbritton, American banker, publisher, and philanthropist, founded the Allbritton Communications Company (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Nityanand Swami, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Uttarakhand (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – David Tait, English rugby player (b. 1987)
  • 2013Tom Laughlin, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Abdul Quader Molla, Bangladeshi journalist and politician (b. 1948)
  • 2013 – Leo Sachs, German-Israeli biologist and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Jang Sung-taek, North Korean general and politician (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Audrey Totter, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2014Norman Bridwell, American author and illustrator, created Clifford the Big Red Dog (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Ivor Grattan-Guinness, English mathematician, historian, and academic (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Herb Plews, American baseball player (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Yury Shutov, Russian politician (b. 1946)
  • 2015Luis Bermejo, Spanish illustrator (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Frans Geurtsen, Dutch footballer (b. 1942)
  • 2015 – Sharad Anantrao Joshi, Indian farmer and politician (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Evelyn S. Lieberman, American politician, White House Deputy Chief of Staff (b. 1944)
  • 2016Shirley Hazzard, Australian-American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1931)


Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Edburga of Minster-in-Thanet
    • Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe
    • Vicelinus
    • December 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Russia)
  • Croatian Air Force Day (Croatia)
  • Feast of Masá'il ("Questions"), the first day of the 15th month of the Bahá'í calendar (Bahá'í Faith)
  • Ground Forces Day (Ukraine)
  • Jamhuri Day, celebrates the independence of Kenya from Britain in 1963.
  • Kanji Day (Japan)
  • Neutrality Day (Turkmenistan)

External links

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