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  2020 (Friday)
  2019 (Wednesday)
  2018 (Tuesday)
  2017 (Monday)
  2016 (Sunday)
  2015 (Friday)
  2014 (Thursday)
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  2012 (Tuesday)
  2011 (Sunday)

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Events

  • 220Emperor Xian of Han is forced to abdicate the throne by Cao Cao 's son Cao Pi, ending the Han dynasty.
  • 361Julian enters Constantinople as sole Emperor of the Roman Empire.
  • 861 – Assassination of the Abbasid caliph al-Mutawakkil by the Turkish guard, who raise al-Muntasir to the throne. Start of the "Anarchy at Samarra".
  • 969Byzantine Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas is assassinated by his wife Theophano and her lover, the later Emperor John I Tzimiskes.
  • 1282Battle of Orewin Bridge: Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, the last native Prince of Wales, is killed at Cilmeri, near Builth Wells, in mid-Wales.
  • 1602 – A surprise attack by forces under the command of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain, is repelled by the citizens of Geneva. (Commemorated annually by the Fête de l'Escalade.
  • 1675Antonio de Vea expedition enters San Rafael Lake in western Patagonia.[1]
  • 1688Glorious Revolution: James II of England, while trying to flee to France, throws the Great Seal of the Realm into the River Thames.
  • 1789 – The University of North Carolina is chartered by the North Carolina General Assembly.
  • 1792French Revolution: King Louis XVI of France is put on trial for treason by the National Convention.
  • 1815 – The U.S. Senate creates a select committee on finance and a uniform national currency, predecessor of the United States Senate Committee on Finance.
  • 1816Indiana becomes the 19th U.S. state.
  • 1868Paraguayan War: Brazilian troops defeat Paraguayan at the Battle of Avay.
  • 1899Second Boer War: In the Battle of Magersfontein the Boers commanded by general Piet Cronjé inflict a defeat on the forces of the British Empire commanded by Lord Methuen trying to relieve the Siege of Kimberley.
  • 1905 – A workers' uprising occurs in Kiev, Ukraine (then part of the Russian Empire), and establishes the Shuliavka Republic.
  • 1907 – The New Zealand Parliament Buildings are almost completely destroyed by fire.
  • 1917World War I: British General Edmund Allenby enters Jerusalem on foot and declares martial law.
  • 1920Irish War of Independence: In retaliation for a recent IRA ambush, British forces burn and loot numerous buildings in Cork city. Many civilians report being beaten, shot at, robbed and verbally abused by British forces.
  • 1925Roman Catholic papal encyclical Quas primas introduces the Feast of Christ the King.
  • 1927Guangzhou Uprising: Communist Red Guards launch an uprising in Guangzhou, China, taking over most of the city and announcing the formation of a Guangzhou Soviet.
  • 1931Statute of Westminster 1931: The British Parliament establishes legislative equality between the UK and the Dominions of the Commonwealth—Australia, Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand, South Africa, and Ireland.
  • 1934Bill Wilson, co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous, takes his last drink and enters treatment for the final time.
  • 1936Abdication Crisis: Edward VIII's abdication as King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India, becomes effective.
  • 1937Second Italo-Ethiopian War: Italy leaves the League of Nations.
  • 1941World War II: Germany and Italy declare war on the United States, following the Americans' declaration of war on the Empire of Japan in the wake of the attack on Pearl Harbor. The United States, in turn, declares war on them.
  • 1941 – World War II: Poland declares war on the Empire of Japan.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Imperial Japanese Navy suffers its first loss of surface vessels during the Battle of Wake Island.
  • 1946 – The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is established.
  • 1948Arab–Israeli War: The United Nations passes General Assembly Resolution 194, creating a Conciliation Commission to mediate the conflict.
  • 1958French Upper Volta and French Dahomey gain self-government from France, becoming the Republic of Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) and the Republic of Dahomey (now Benin), respectively, and joining the French Community.
  • 1960 – French forces crack down in a violent clash with protesters in French Algeria during a visit by French President Charles de Gaulle.
  • 1962Arthur Lucas, convicted of murder, is the last person to be executed in Canada.
  • 1964Che Guevara speaks at the United Nations General Assembly in New York City.
  • 1968The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus, featuring the Rolling Stones, Jethro Tull, the Who, Taj Mahal, Marianne Faithfull, and the Dirty Mac with Yoko Ono, is filmed in Wembley, London.
  • 1972Apollo 17 becomes the sixth and final Apollo mission to land on the Moon.
  • 1978 – The Lufthansa heist is committed by a group led by Lucchese family associate Jimmy Burke. It was the largest cash robbery ever committed on American soil, at that time.
  • 1980 – The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (Superfund) is enacted by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1981El Mozote massacre: Armed forces in El Salvador kill an estimated 900 civilians in an anti-guerrilla campaign during the Salvadoran Civil War.
  • 1990 – Demonstrations by students and workers across Albania begin, which eventually trigger the fall of communism in Albania.
  • 1994First Chechen War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders Russian troops into Chechnya.
  • 1994 – A bomb explodes on Philippine Airlines Flight 434, en route from Manila, Philippines, to Tokyo, Japan, killing one. The captain is able to safely land the plane.
  • 1997 – The Kyoto Protocol opens for signature.
  • 1998Thai Airways Flight 261 crashes near Surat Thani Airport, killing 101. The pilot flying the Airbus A310-200 is thought to have suffered spatial disorientation.
  • 2001 – The People's Republic of China joins the World Trade Organization (WTO).
  • 2005 – The Buncefield Oil Depot catches fire in Hemel Hempstead, England.
  • 2005 – Cronulla riots: Thousands of White Australians demonstrate against ethnic violence resulting in a riot against anyone thought to be Lebanese in Cronulla, New South Wales; these are followed up by retaliatory ethnic attacks on Cronulla.
  • 2006 – The International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust is opened in Tehran, Iran, by then-president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad; nations such as Israel and the United States express concern.
  • 2006 – Felipe Calderón, the President of Mexico, launches a military-led offensive to put down the drug cartel violence in the state of Michoacán. This effort is often regarded as the first event in the Mexican Drug War.
  • 2007Insurgency in the Maghreb: Two car bombs explode in Algiers, Algeria, one near the Supreme Constitutional Court and the other near the offices of the United Nations.
  • 2008Bernard Madoff is arrested and charged with securities fraud in a $50 billion Ponzi scheme.
  • 2012 – At least 125 people are killed and up to 200 injured in bombings in the Alawite village of Aqrab, Syria.
  • 2017New York City attempted bombing: A pipe bomb partially detonates in the New York City Subway, in the Times Square–42nd Street/Port Authority Bus Terminal. Four people are injured, including the perpetrator.
  • 2019 - The results of the 2019 Bougainvillean independence referendum are announced. The results are overwhelmingly one-sided. Over 98% voters vote for Bougainville's independence. [2]

Births

  • 1445Eberhard I, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1496)
  • 1465Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (d. 1489)
  • 1475Pope Leo X (d. 1521)
  • 1566Manuel Cardoso, Portuguese organist and composer (d. 1650)
  • 1595Heo Mok, Korean politician, poet and scholar (d. 1682)
  • 1613Amar Singh Rathore, Rajput nobleman (d. 1644)
  • 1680Emanuele d'Astorga, Italian composer (d. 1736)
  • 1712Francesco Algarotti, Italian poet, philosopher, and critic (d. 1764)
  • 1725George Mason, American lawyer and politician (d. 1792)
  • 1758Carl Friedrich Zelter, German composer, conductor, and educator (d. 1832)
  • 1761Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist, economist, and jurist (d. 1835)
  • 1781David Brewster, Scottish physicist, mathematician, and astronomer (d. 1868)
  • 1801Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German poet and playwright (d. 1836)
  • 1803Hector Berlioz, French composer, conductor, and critic (d. 1869)
  • 1810Alfred de Musset, French dramatist, poet, and novelist (d. 1857)
  • 1830Kamehameha V of Hawaii (d. 1872)
  • 1837Webster Paulson, English civil engineer (d. 1887)
  • 1838John Labatt, Canadian brewer and businessman (d. 1915)
  • 1843Robert Koch, German microbiologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1910)
  • 1856Georgi Plekhanov, Russian philosopher, theorist, and author (d. 1918)
  • 1858Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Russian director, producer, and playwright (d. 1943)
  • 1861Frederick Eveleigh-de-Moleyns, 5th Baron Ventry, British Army officer and Anglo-Irish peer (d. 1923)
  • 1863Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer and academic (d. 1941)
  • 1872René Bull, British illustrator and photographer (d. 1942)
  • 1873Josip Plemelj, Slovenian mathematician and academic (d. 1967)
  • 1875Yehuda Leib Maimon, Moldovan-Israeli rabbi and politician (d. 1962)
  • 1880Frank Tarrant, Australian cricketer and umpire (d. 1951)
  • 1882Subramania Bharati, Indian journalist and poet (d. 1921)
  • 1882 – Max Born, German physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1882 – Fiorello H. La Guardia, American lawyer and politician, 99th Mayor of New York City (d. 1947)
  • 1884Piet Ooms, Dutch swimmer and water polo player (d. 1961)
  • 1889Walter Knott, American farmer and businessman, founded Knott's Berry Farm (d. 1981)
  • 1890Carlos Gardel, French-Argentinian singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1935)
  • 1890 – Mark Tobey, American-Swiss painter and educator (d. 1976)
  • 1893Leo Ornstein, Russian-American pianist and composer (d. 2002)
  • 1897Ronald Skirth, English soldier (d. 1977)
  • 1899Julio de Caro, Argentinian violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1980)
  • 1900Hermína Týrlová, Czechoslovakian animator, screenwriter, and film director (d. 1993)
  • 1904Marge, American cartoonist (d. 1993)
  • 1905Robert Henriques, English farmer, author, and broadcaster (d. 1967)
  • 1905 – Gilbert Roland, Mexican-American actor and singer (d. 1994)
  • 1908Elliott Carter, American composer and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1908 – Manoel de Oliveira, Portuguese actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1908 – Hákun Djurhuus, Faroese educator and politician, 4th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Amon Göth, Austrian Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
  • 1909Ronald McKie, Australian soldier, journalist, and author (d. 1991)
  • 1910Mildred Cleghorn, Native American chairwoman and educator (d. 1997)[3]
  • 1911Val Guest, English-American director, producer, screenwriter, and composer (d. 2006)
  • 1911 – Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian author, playwright, and screenwriter, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1911 – Qian Xuesen, Chinese aerodynamicist and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1912Carlo Ponti, Italian-Swiss film producer (d. 2007)
  • 1913Jean Marais, French actor and director (d. 1998)
  • 1916Pérez Prado, Cuban-Mexican singer-songwriter, pianist, and bandleader (d. 1989)
  • 1916 – Elena Garro, Mexican author and playwright (d. 1998)
  • 1918Clinton Adams, American painter and historian (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist, historian, and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1919Cliff Michelmore, English television host and producer (d. 2016)
  • 1919 – Marie Windsor, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1920Mary Ivy Burks, American environmental activist (d. 2007)[4]
  • 1920 – Denis Jenkinson, English motorcycle racer and journalist (d. 1996)
  • 1921Ilmar Laaban, Estonian poet and publicist (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Liz Smith, English actress (d. 2016)
  • 1922Grigoris Bithikotsis, Greek singer-songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Dilip Kumar, Pakistani-Indian actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1922 – Maila Nurmi, Finnish-American actress, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1922 – Grace Paley, American short story writer and poet (d. 2007)
  • 1923Betsy Blair, American actress and dancer (d. 2009)
  • 1923 – Lillian Cahn, Hungarian-born American businesswoman, co-founded Coach, Inc. (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Morrie Turner, American comics creator (d. 2014)
  • 1924Doc Blanchard, American football player and colonel (d. 2009)
  • 1925Aaron Feuerstein, American businessman and philanthropist
  • 1925 – Paul Greengard, American neuroscientist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2019)
  • 1925 – James Sullivan, American politician (d. 2012)
  • 1926Big Mama Thornton, American singer-songwriter (d. 1984)
  • 1927John Buscema, American illustrator (d. 2002)
  • 1929Axel Anderson, German actor and production manager (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Subhash Gupte, Indian cricketer (d. 2002)
  • 1930Chus Lampreave, Spanish actress (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Jean-Louis Trintignant, French actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1931Rajneesh, Indian guru, mystic, and educator (d. 1990)
  • 1931 – Ronald Dworkin, American philosopher and scholar (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Rita Moreno, Puerto Rican-American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1932Enrique Bermúdez, Nicaraguan colonel and engineer (d. 1991)
  • 1932 – Keith Waldrop, American author and poet
  • 1933Aquilino Pimentel, Jr., Filipino civil servant and politician, 23rd President of the Senate of the Philippines (d. 2019)
  • 1934Salim Durani, Afghan-Indian cricketer
  • 1935Pranab Mukherjee, Indian journalist and politician, 13th President of India (d. 2020)
  • 1935 – Elmer Vasko, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1936Taku Yamasaki, Japanese politician
  • 1936 – Hans van den Broek, Dutch lawyer and politician, Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1937Jim Harrison, American novelist, essayist, and poet (d. 2016)
  • 1938Enrico Macias, Algerian-French singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1938 – McCoy Tyner, American jazz musician (d. 2020)
  • 1939Tom Hayden, American activist and politician (d. 2016)
  • 1939 – Thomas McGuane, American novelist, short story writer, and screenwriter
  • 1940David Gates, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1940 – Donna Mills, American actress and producer
  • 1941Max Baucus, American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, 11th United States Ambassador to China
  • 1941 – J. P. Parisé, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1941 – Rogier van Otterloo, Dutch conductor and composer (d. 1988)
  • 1941 – J. Frank Wilson, American singer-songwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1942Anna Carteret, English actress
  • 1943John Kerry, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 68th United States Secretary of State
  • 1944Jon Garrison, American tenor and educator
  • 1944 – Lynda Day George, American actress
  • 1944 – Brenda Lee, American singer-songwriter
  • 1946Rhoma Irama, Indonesian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1946 – Rick McCosker, Australian cricketer
  • 1946 – Diana Palmer, American journalist and author
  • 1948Tanimura Shinji, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1948 – Stamatis Spanoudakis, Greek guitarist and composer
  • 1949Christina Onassis, American-born Greek/Argentine businesswoman, socialite, and heiress (d. 1988)
  • 1951Mazlan Othman, Malaysian astrophysicist and astronomer
  • 1951 – Ria Stalman, Dutch discus thrower and shot putter
  • 1953Bess Armstrong, American actress
  • 1954Brad Bryant, American golfer
  • 1954 – Sylvester Clarke, Barbadian cricketer (d. 1999)
  • 1954 – Santiago Creel, Mexican lawyer and politician, Mexican Secretary of the Interior
  • 1954 – Jermaine Jackson, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1954 – Guðlaugur Kristinn Óttarsson, Icelandic guitarist, mathematician, and engineer
  • 1955Gene Grossman, American economist and academic
  • 1955 – Stu Jackson, American basketball player, coach, and manager
  • 1955 – Ray Kelvin, British fashion designer
  • 1955 – Christian Sackewitz, German footballer and manager
  • 1956Lani Brockman, American actress and director
  • 1956 – Andrew Lansley, English politician, Secretary of State for Health
  • 1957Peter Bagge, American author and illustrator
  • 1958Chris Hughton, English-born Irish footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Tom Shadyac, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Nikki Sixx, American bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1961Dave King, Irish-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1961 – Steve Nicol, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Macky Sall, Senegalese engineer and politician, 4th President of Senegal
  • 1961 – Marco Pierre White, English chef and mentor
  • 1963Mario Been, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Mark Greatbatch, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1963 – Claudia Kohde-Kilsch, German tennis player
  • 1963 – John Lammers, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Nigel Winterburn, English footballer and coach
  • 1964Justin Currie, British singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1964 – Dave Schools, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1964 – Carolyn Waldo, Canadian swimmer and sportscaster
  • 1965Jay Bell, American baseball player and coach
  • 1965 – Gavin Hill, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1965 – Glenn Lazarus, Australian rugby league player and politician
  • 1965 – Giannis Ragousis, Greek economist and politician, Greek Minister for National Defence
  • 1966Gary Dourdan, American actor
  • 1966 – Göran Kropp, Swedish race car driver and mountaineer (d. 2002)
  • 1966 – Erik Honoré, Norwegian guitarist and producer
  • 1966 – Leon Lai, Hong Kong singer and actor
  • 1967Peter Kelamis, Australian voice actor
  • 1967 – Mo'Nique, American comedian, actress, and producer
  • 1967 – Chris Shepherd, English animator, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968Fabrizio Ravanelli, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1969Viswanathan Anand, Indian chess player
  • 1969 – Stig Inge Bjørnebye, Norwegian footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Max Martini, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Alessandro Melli, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1970Victoria Fuller, American model and actress
  • 1971Willie McGinest, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1972Daniel Alfredsson, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Sami Al-Jaber, Saudi Arabian footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Murray Goodwin, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1972 – Andriy Husin, Ukrainian footballer and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1973Mos Def, American rapper
  • 1974Rey Mysterio, American wrestler
  • 1974 – Maarten Lafeber, Dutch golfer
  • 1974 – Ben Shephard, English journalist and television host
  • 1974 – Gete Wami, Ethiopian runner
  • 1974 – Lisa Ortiz, American theatre and voice actress
  • 1975Gerben de Knegt, Dutch cyclist
  • 1976Shareef Abdur-Rahim, American basketball player, coach, and manager
  • 1976 – Yujiro Shirakawa, Japanese actor
  • 1977Brandon Rogers, American singer and actor
  • 1977 – Mark Streit, Swiss ice hockey player
  • 1978Roy Wood, Jr., American comedian, actor, and radio host
  • 1979Valdis Mintals, Estonian figure skater
  • 1979 – Rider Strong, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1980Kristjan Kitsing, Estonian basketball player
  • 1980 – Adi Keissar, Israeli poet
  • 1981Jason Kennedy, American journalist
  • 1981 – Jeff McComsey, American author and illustrator
  • 1981 – Paul Medhurst, Australian footballer
  • 1981 – Javier Saviola, Argentinian footballer
  • 1982Pablo Pérez Companc, Argentinian race car driver
  • 1984Leighton Baines, English footballer
  • 1984 – Sandra Echeverría, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1984 – James Ellsworth, American wrestler
  • 1985Karla Souza, Mexican actress
  • 1986Roy Hibbert, American basketball player
  • 1987Clifton Geathers, American football player
  • 1987 – Alex Russell, Australian actor[5]
  • 1987 – Miranda Tapsell, Australian actress
  • 1988Tim Southee, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1990Derrick Nix, American basketball player
  • 1992Tiffany Alvord, American singer-songwriter
  • 1992 – Dalton Pompey, Canadian baseball player
  • 1993Yalitza Aparicio, Mexican actress[6]
  • 1995Abbi Grant, Scottish footballer[7]
  • 1996Hailee Steinfeld, American actress, singer and songwriter
  • 2000Emily Whitehead, artistic gymnast[8]

Deaths

  • 384Pope Damasus I (b. 305)
  • 861Al-Mutawakkil, Abbasid caliph (b. 822)
  • 861 – Al-Fath ibn Khaqan, chief confidant and councillor to al-Mutawakkil
  • 969Nikephoros II Phokas, Byzantine emperor (b. 912)
  • 1121Al-Afdal Shahanshah, Egyptian political adviser (b. 1066)
  • 1241Ögedei Khan, Mongolian emperor (b. 1186)
  • 1282Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Welsh prince (b. 1223)
  • 1282 – Michael VIII Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1225)
  • 1474Henry IV of Castile, King of the Crown of Castile (b. 1425)
  • 1532Pietro Accolti, Italian cardinal (b. 1455)
  • 1582Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, Spanish general and politician, 12th Constable of Portugal (b. 1508)
  • 1610Adam Elsheimer, German artist working in Rome who died at only thirty-two (b. 1578)
  • 1686Louis, Grand Condé, French general (b. 1621)
  • 1694Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma (b. 1630)
  • 1737John Strype, English priest, historian, and author (b. 1643)
  • 1747Edmund Curll, English bookseller and publisher (b. 1675)
  • 1797Richard Brocklesby, English physician (b. 1722)
  • 1826Maria Leopoldina of Austria (b. 1797)
  • 1840Emperor Kōkaku of Japan (b. 1771)
  • 1872Kamehameha V of Hawaii (b. 1830)
  • 1880Oliver Winchester, American businessman, founded the Winchester Repeating Arms Company (b. 1810)
  • 1892William Milligan, Scottish theologian and scholar (b. 1821)
  • 1906Charles Townsend, American fencer, engineer, and academic (b. 1872)
  • 1909Ludwig Mond, German-born chemist and British industrialist who discovered the metal carbonyls (b. 1839)
  • 1913Carl von In der Maur, Governor of Liechtenstein (b. 1852)
  • 1918Ivan Cankar, Slovenian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1876)
  • 1920Olive Schreiner, South African author and activist (b. 1855)
  • 1936Myron Grimshaw, American baseball player (b. 1875)
  • 1937Jaan Anvelt, Estonian theorist and politician (b. 1884)
  • 1937 – Hugh Thackeray Turner, English architect and painter (b. 1853)
  • 1938Christian Lous Lange, Norwegian historian and educator, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1941John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American pilot and poet (b. 1922)
  • 1941 – Émile Picard, French mathematician and academic (b. 1856)
  • 1945Charles Fabry, French physicist and academic (b. 1867)
  • 1950Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and author (b. 1893)
  • 1951Mustafa Muğlalı, Turkish general (b. 1882)
  • 1951 – Hijri Dede, Iraqi Turkmen poet and writer (b. 1881)
  • 1953Sedat Simavi, Turkish journalist and director (b. 1896)
  • 1957Musidora, French actress, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1889)
  • 1959Jim Bottomley, American baseball player and manager (b. 1900)
  • 1964Sam Cooke, American singer-songwriter (b. 1931)
  • 1964 – Percy Kilbride, American actor (b. 1888)
  • 1966Augusta Fox Bronner, American psychologist, specialist in juvenile psychology (b. 1881)
  • 1968Richard Sagrits, Estonian painter and author (b. 1910)
  • 1968 – Arthur Hays Sulzberger, American publisher (b. 1891)
  • 1971Maurice McDonald, American businessman, co-founded McDonald's (b. 1902)
  • 1975Lee Wiley, American singer (b. 1908)
  • 1975 – Nihal Atsız, Turkish philosopher, author, and poet (b. 1905)
  • 1978Vincent du Vigneaud, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1978 – Paul O'Dea, American baseball player and manager (b. 1920)
  • 1979James J. Gibson, American psychologist and author (b. 1904)
  • 1983Neil Ritchie, Guyanese-English general (b. 1897)
  • 1984Oskar Seidlin, German-American author, poet, and scholar (b. 1911)
  • 1984 – George Waggner, American director, producer and actor (b. 1894)
  • 1987G. A. Kulkarni, Indian author and academic (b. 1923)
  • 1989Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American photographer (b. 1895)
  • 1991Robert Q. Lewis, American actor, comedian, game show host/panelist, and television personality (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Artur Lundkvist, Swedish author and critic (b. 1906)
  • 1994Philip Phillips, American archaeologist and scholar (b. 1900)
  • 1995Greg Bahnsen, American minister and philosopher (b. 1948)
  • 1996Willie Rushton, English cartoonist, author, and publisher, co-founded Private Eye (b. 1937)
  • 1997Eddie Chapman, English spy (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Simon Jeffes, English guitarist and composer (b. 1949)
  • 1998André Lichnerowicz, French physicist and mathematician (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Lynn Strait, American singer-songwriter (b. 1968)
  • 2000Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician and diplomat (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – David Lewis, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2001Mainza Chona, Zambian lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Zambia (b. 1930)
  • 2003Ahmadou Kourouma, Ivorian author and playwright (b. 1927)
  • 2004José Luis Cuciuffo, Argentinian footballer (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Arthur Lydiard, New Zealand runner and coach (b. 1917)
  • 2008Bettie Page, American model (b. 1923)
  • 2010Dick Hoerner, American football player (b. 1922)
  • 2011John Patrick Foley, American cardinal (b. 1935)
  • 2012Galina Vishnevskaya, Russian soprano and actress (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Mendel Weinbach, Polish-Israeli rabbi and scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Ravi Shankar, Indian-American sitar player and composer (b. 1920)
  • 2013Nadir Afonso, Portuguese painter and architect (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Barbara Branden, Canadian-American author and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Javier Jauregui, Mexican boxer (b. 1973)
  • 2013 – Sheikh Mussa Shariefi, Indian philosopher and scholar (b. 1942)
  • 2014Hans Wallat, German conductor and director (b. 1929)
  • 2015Abish Kekilbayev, Kazakh academic and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – H. Arnold Steinberg, Canadian businessman, philanthropist, and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Hema Upadhyay, Indian painter and sculptor (b. 1972)
  • 2015 – John "Hot Rod" Williams, American basketball player (b. 1962)
  • 2015 – Ken Woolley, Australian architect (b. 1933)
  • 2017Keith Chegwin, British TV presenter (b. 1957)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Cian
    • Daniel the Stylite
    • Maravillas de Jesús
    • Peris
    • Pope Damasus I
    • Sabinus of Piacenza
    • Victoricus, Fuscian, and Gentian
    • December 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Establishment of Kurdish Women's Union (Iraqi Kurdistan)
  • Indiana Day (United States)
  • International Mountain Day
  • National Tango Day (Argentina)
  • Pampanga Day (Pampanga province, Philippines)
  • Republic Day, the day when Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community in 1958. (Burkina Faso)

References

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External links

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