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Events

  • 1041 – The adoptive son of Empress Zoë of Byzantium succeeds to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael V.
  • 1317 – The "Nyköping Banquet" - King Birger of Sweden treacherously seizes his two brothers Valdemar, Duke of Finland and Eric, Duke of Södermanland, who were subsequently starved to death in the dungeon of Nyköping Castle.
  • 1508 – The League of Cambrai is formed by Pope Julius II, Louis XII of France, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and Ferdinand II of Aragon as an alliance against Venice.
  • 1520Martin Luther burns his copy of the papal bull Exsurge Domine outside Wittenberg's Elster Gate.
  • 1541Thomas Culpeper and Francis Dereham are executed for having affairs with Catherine Howard, Queen of England and wife of Henry VIII.
  • 1652 – Defeat at the Battle of Dungeness causes the Commonwealth of England to reform its navy.
  • 1665 – The Royal Netherlands Marine Corps is founded by Michiel de Ruyter
  • 1684Isaac Newton's derivation of Kepler's laws from his theory of gravity, contained in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum, is read to the Royal Society by Edmond Halley.
  • 1768 – The first edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica is published.
  • 1799 – France adopts the metre as its official unit of length.
  • 1817Mississippi becomes the 20th U.S. state.
  • 1861American Civil War: The Confederate States of America accept a rival state government's pronouncement that declares Kentucky to be the 13th state of the Confederacy.
  • 1861 – Forces led by Nguyễn Trung Trực, an anti-colonial guerrilla leader in southern Vietnam, sink the French lorcha L'Esperance.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea: Major General William Tecumseh Sherman's Union Army troops reach the outer Confederate defenses of Savannah, Georgia.
  • 1868 – The first traffic lights are installed, outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
  • 1877Russo-Turkish War: The Russian Army captures Plevna after a 5-month siege. The garrison of 25,000 surviving Turks surrenders. The Russian victory is decisive for the outcome of the war and the Liberation of Bulgaria.
  • 1884Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is published.
  • 1896Alfred Jarry's Ubu Roi premieres in Paris. A riot breaks out at the end of the performance.
  • 1898Spanish–American War: The Treaty of Paris is signed, officially ending the conflict.
  • 1901 – The first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm on the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.
  • 1902 – The opening of the reservoir of the Aswan Dam in Egypt.
  • 1906 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt wins the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in the mediation of the Russo-Japanese War, becoming the first American to win a Nobel Prize.
  • 1907 – The worst night of the Brown Dog riots in London, when 1,000 medical students clash with 400 police officers over the existence of a memorial for animals that have been vivisected.
  • 1909Selma Lagerlöf becomes the first female writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • 1932Thailand becomes a constitutional monarchy.
  • 1936Abdication Crisis: Edward VIII signs the Instrument of Abdication.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Royal Navy capital ships Template:HMS and Template:HMS are sunk by Imperial Japanese Navy torpedo bombers near British Malaya.
  • 1941 – World War II: Battle of the Philippines: Imperial Japanese forces under the command of General Masaharu Homma land on Luzon.
  • 1942 – World War II: Government of Poland in exile send Raczyński's Note (the first official report on the Holocaust) to 26 governments who signed the Declaration by United Nations.
  • 1948The Human Rights Convention is signed by the United Nations.
  • 1949Chinese Civil War: The People's Liberation Army begins its siege of Chengdu, the last Kuomintang-held city in mainland China, forcing President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek and his government to retreat to Taiwan.
  • 1953British Prime Minister Winston Churchill receives the Nobel Prize in literature.
  • 1963Zanzibar gains independence from the United Kingdom as a constitutional monarchy, under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah.
  • 1963 – An assassination attempt on the British High Commissioner in Aden kills two people and wounds dozens more.
  • 1968 – Japan's biggest heist, the still-unsolved "300 million yen robbery", is carried out in Tokyo.
  • 1978Arab–Israeli conflict: Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin and President of Egypt Anwar Sadat are jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1979Kaohsiung Incident: Taiwanese pro-democracy demonstrations are suppressed by the KMT dictatorship, and organizers are arrested.
  • 1983Democracy is restored in Argentina with the inauguration of President Raúl Alfonsín.
  • 1984United Nations General Assembly recognizes the Convention against Torture.
  • 1989Mongolian Revolution: At the country's first open pro-democracy public demonstration, Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj announces the establishment of the Mongolian Democratic Union.
  • 1993 – The last shift leaves Wearmouth Colliery in Sunderland. The closure of the 156-year-old pit marks the end of the old County Durham coalfield, which had been in operation since the Middle Ages.
  • 1994Rwandan genocide: Maurice Baril, military advisor to the U.N. Secretary-General and head of the Military Division of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, recommends that UNAMIR stand down.
  • 1995 – The Israeli army withdraws from Nablus pursuant to the terms of Oslo Accord.
  • 1996 – The new Constitution of South Africa is promulgated by Nelson Mandela.
  • 1999Helen Clark is sworn in as Prime Minister of New Zealand, the second woman to hold the post and the first following an election.[1][2]
  • 2014 – Palestinian minister Ziad Abu Ein was killed after the suppression of a demonstration by Israeli forces in the village (Turmus'ayya) in Ramallah.
  • 2016Two explosions outside a football stadium in Istanbul, Turkey, kill 38 people and injure 166 others.
  • 2017ISIL is defeated in Iraq.[3]
  • 2019Democrats in the U.S. House of Representatives announce formal charges against Donald Trump that accuse him of abusing power and obstructing Congress, making him only the fourth U.S. president in history to face impeachment.[4]
  • 2019Ostrava hospital attack [5]

Births

  • 553Houzhu, emperor of the Chen dynasty (d. 604)
  • 1376Edmund Mortimer, English nobleman and rebel (d. 1409)[6]
  • 1452Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1531)[7]
  • 1472Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk (d. 1481)[8]
  • 1489Gaston of Foix, Duke of Nemours (d. 1512)
  • 1588Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher (d. 1637)[9]
  • 1610Adriaen van Ostade, Dutch painter (d. 1685)[10]
  • 1654Giovanni Gioseffo dal Sole, Italian painter (d. 1719)
  • 1658Lancelot Blackburne, Archbishop of York (d. 1743)
  • 1713Johann Nicolaus Mempel, German cantor and organist (d. 1747)
  • 1751George Shaw, English botanist and zoologist (d. 1813)
  • 1776Archduchess Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Este (d. 1848)
  • 1783María Bibiana Benítez, Puerto Rican poet and playwright (d. 1873)
  • 1787Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American educator, founded the American School for the Deaf (d. 1851)
  • 1804Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician and academic (d. 1851)
  • 1805William Lloyd Garrison, American journalist and activist, founded The Liberator (d. 1879)
  • 1805 – Joseph Škoda, Czech physician, dermatologist, and academic (d. 1881)
  • 1811Caroline Mehitable Fisher Sawyer, American poet, biographer, and editor (d. 1894)[11]
  • 1815Ada Lovelace, English mathematician and computer scientist (d. 1852)[12]
  • 1821Nikolay Nekrasov, Russian poet and critic (d. 1877)
  • 1822César Franck, Belgian organist and composer (d. 1890)
  • 1824George MacDonald, Scottish minister, author, and poet (d. 1905)
  • 1827Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1913)
  • 1830Emily Dickinson, American poet (d. 1886)
  • 1851Melvil Dewey, American librarian, created the Dewey Decimal System (d. 1931)
  • 1866Louis Bolk, Dutch anatomist and biologist (d. 1930)
  • 1870Jadunath Sarkar, Indian historian (d. 1958)[13]
  • 1870 – Adolf Loos, Austrian architect and theoretician (d. 1933)[14]
  • 1870 – Pierre Louÿs, Belgian-French author and poet (d. 1925)
  • 1878C. Rajagopalachari, Indian lawyer and politician, 45th Governor-General of India (d. 1972)[15]
  • 1882Otto Neurath, Austrian sociologist and philosopher (d. 1945)[16]
  • 1882 – Shigenori Tōgō, Japanese politician, 37th Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs (d. 1950)
  • 1883Giovanni Messe, Italian field marshal and politician (d. 1968)
  • 1885Elizabeth Baker, American economist and academic (d. 1973)[17]
  • 1885 – Marios Varvoglis, Greek composer and conductor (d. 1967)
  • 1886Victor McLaglen, English-American actor (d. 1959)
  • 1889Ray Collins, American actor (d. 1965)
  • 1890László Bárdossy, Hungarian fascist politician and diplomat, 33rd Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1946)
  • 1891Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, English field marshal and politician, 17th Governor General of Canada (d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Arlie Mucks, American discus thrower and shot putter (d. 1967)
  • 1891 – Nelly Sachs, German-Swedish poet and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1896Torsten Bergström, Swedish actor and director (d. 1948)
  • 1903Una Merkel, American actress (d. 1986)
  • 1904Antonín Novotný, Czechoslovak politician, President of Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (d. 1975)
  • 1906Jules Ladoumègue, French runner (d. 1973)
  • 1906 – Harold Adamson, American lyricist (d. 1980)
  • 1907Rumer Godden, English author and poet (d. 1998)[18]
  • 1907 – Lucien Laurent, French footballer and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – Amedeo Nazzari, Italian actor (d. 1979)
  • 1908Olivier Messiaen, French composer and ornithologist (d. 1992)
  • 1909Hermes Pan, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1990)
  • 1910Dan Blocker, American television actor, played Eric "Hoss" Cartwright on Bonanza (d. 1972)[19]
  • 1910 – Ambrosio Padilla, Filipino basketball player and politician (d. 1996)
  • 1911Chet Huntley, American journalist (d. 1974)
  • 1912Philip Hart, American lawyer and politician, 49th Lieutenant Governor of Michigan (d. 1976)
  • 1912 – René Toribio, Guadeloupean politician (d. 1990)
  • 1913Pannonica de Koenigswarter, English-American composer (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Morton Gould, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Harry Locke, English actor (d. 1987)
  • 1913 – Ray Nance, American trumpeter, violinist, and singer (d. 1976)
  • 1914Dorothy Lamour, American actress and singer (d. 1996)
  • 1915Nicky Barr, Australian rugby player, soldier, and pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1916Walt Arfons, American race car driver (d. 2013)
  • 1918Anne Gwynne, American actress (d. 2003)[20]
  • 1918 – Anatoli Tarasov, Russian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1995)
  • 1919Alexander Courage, American composer and conductor (d. 2008)
  • 1920Clarice Lispector, Ukrainian-Brazilian journalist and author (d. 1977)
  • 1920 – Reginald Rose, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Thanassis Skordalos, Greek lyra player and composer (d. 1998)
  • 1921Toh Chin Chye, Singaporean academic and politician, 1st Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore (d. 2012)[21]
  • 1922Agnes Nixon, American television writer and director (d. 2016)
  • 1923Harold Gould, American actor (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – Clorindo Testa, Italian-Argentinian architect, designed the National Library of the Argentine Republic and Marriott Plaza Hotel (d. 2013)
  • 1924Ken Albers, American singer and musician (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Michael Manley, Jamaican pilot and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 1997)[22]
  • 1925Carolyn Kizer, American poet and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1926Guitar Slim, American blues singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1959)
  • 1927Bob Farrell, American businessman, founded Farrell's Ice Cream Parlour (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Danny Matt, German-Israeli general (d. 2013)
  • 1928Barbara Nichols, American actress (d. 1976)
  • 1930Wayne D. Anderson, American baseball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Michael Jopling, Baron Jopling, English farmer and politician, Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
  • 1931Peter Baker, English-South African footballer and manager (d. 2016)
  • 1933Mako Iwamatsu, Japanese actor (d. 2006)
  • 1933Philip R. Craig, American author (d. 2007)
  • 1934Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1935Terry Allcock, English footballer and cricketer
  • 1935 – Jaromil Jireš, Czech director and screenwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1936Howard Smith, American journalist, director, and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1938Bill Dunk, Australian golfer
  • 1938 – Yuri Temirkanov, Russian viola player and conductor
  • 1939Dick Bavetta, American basketball player and referee
  • 1939 – Barry Cunliffe, English archaeologist and academic
  • 1941Ken Campbell, English actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1941 – Fionnula Flanagan, Irish actress and producer
  • 1941 – Tommy Rettig, American child actor (d. 1996)
  • 1941 – Kyu Sakamoto, Japanese singer and actor (d. 1985)
  • 1942Ann Gloag, Scottish nurse and businesswoman
  • 1944Andris Bērziņš, Latvian businessman and politician, 8th President of Latvia
  • 1944 – John Birt, Baron Birt, English businessman
  • 1944 – Steve Renko, American baseball player
  • 1945Mukhtar Altynbayev, Kazakhstani general and politician, 3rd Defence Minister of Kazakhstan
  • 1947Rasul Guliyev, Azerbaijani engineer and politician, 22nd Speaker of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan
  • 1948Dušan Bajević, Bosnian-Greek footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Jessica Cleaves, American singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1948 – Jasuben Shilpi, Indian sculptor (d. 2013)
  • 1949Yasmin Alibhai-Brown, Ugandan-English journalist and author
  • 1949 – David Perdue, American politician
  • 1950John Boozman, American football player, lawyer, and politician, senior senator of Arkansas
  • 1950 – Simon Owen, New Zealand golfer
  • 1951Johnny Rodriguez, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952Clive Anderson, English lawyer and television host
  • 1952 – Susan Dey, American actress
  • 1952 – Greg Mortimer, Australian geologist and mountaineer
  • 1952 – Greg Laurie, American author and pastor
  • 1952 – Paul Varul, Estonian lawyer and politician, 6th Estonian Minister of Justice
  • 1953Chris Bury, American journalist and academic
  • 1954Eudine Barriteau, Barbadian economist and academic
  • 1954 – Price Cobb, American race car driver and manager
  • 1954 – Jack Hues, English singer-songwriter and musician (Wang Chung)
  • 1956Rod Blagojevich, American lawyer and politician, 40th Governor of Illinois
  • 1956 – Roberto Cassinelli, Italian lawyer and politician
  • 1956 – Jacquelyn Mitchard, American journalist and author
  • 1956 – Jan van Dijk, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1957Michael Clarke Duncan, American actor (d. 2012)
  • 1957 – Paul Hardcastle, English composer and producer
  • 1957 – Prem Rawat, Indian-American guru and educator
  • 1958Cornelia Funke, German-American author
  • 1958 – Kathryn Stott, English pianist and academic
  • 1959Mark Aguirre, American basketball player and coach
  • 1959 – Kevin Ash, English journalist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1959 – Udi Aloni, American-Israeli director and author
  • 1959 – Wolf Hoffmann, German guitarist
  • 1960Kenneth Branagh, Northern Ireland-born English actor director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Kōichi Satō, Japanese actor
  • 1961Mark McKoy, Canadian hurdler and sprinter
  • 1961 – Nia Peeples, American singer and actress
  • 1962Rakhat Aliyev, Kazakh politician and diplomat (d. 2015)
  • 1962 – John de Wolf, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1963Jahangir Khan, Pakistani squash player
  • 1963 – Robin White, American tennis player
  • 1964Stephen Billington, English actor
  • 1964 – Stef Blok, Dutch banker and politician, Dutch Minister of the Interior
  • 1964 – Bobby Flay, American chef and author
  • 1964 – Edith González, Mexican actress (d. 2019)
  • 1965Greg Giraldo, American lawyer, comedian, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1965 – J Mascis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Stephanie Morgenstern, Swiss-Canadian actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966Rein Ahas, Estonian geographer and academic
  • 1966 – Robin Brooke, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1966 – Mel Rojas, Dominican baseball player
  • 1966 – Penelope Trunk, American writer[23]
  • 1968Yōko Oginome, Japanese singer, actress, and voice actress
  • 1969Darren Berry, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1969 – Rob Blake, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1970Kevin Sharp, American singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1970 – Bryant Stith, American basketball player and coach
  • 1971Daniel Betts, British actor
  • 1972Brian Molko, British-Belgian singer-songwriter
  • 1972 – Donavon Frankenreiter, American surfer, singer-songwriter, and guitarist
  • 1973Gabriela Spanic, Venezuelan actress
  • 1974Meg White, American drummer
  • 1975Steve Bradley, American wrestler (d. 2008)
  • 1975 – Emmanuelle Chriqui, Canadian actress
  • 1975 – Josip Skoko, Australian footballer
  • 1976Shane Byrne, English motorcycle racer
  • 1978Anna Jesień, Polish hurdler
  • 1978 – Summer Phoenix, American actress
  • 1979Matt Bentley, American wrestler
  • 1979 – Iain Brunnschweiler, English cricketer
  • 1979 – Yang Jianping, Chinese recurve archer[24]
  • 1980Sarah Chang, American violinist
  • 1981Taufik Batisah, Singaporean singer
  • 1981 – Fábio Rochemback, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982Claudia Hoffmann, German sprinter
  • 1982 – Sultan Kösen, Turkish farmer, tallest living person[25]
  • 1983Lewis Buxton, English footballer
  • 1983 – Habib Mohamed, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1983 – Xavier Samuel, Australian actor
  • 1984Mark Applegarth, English rugby player
  • 1985Charlie Adam, Scottish footballer
  • 1985 – Matt Forte, American football player
  • 1985 – T. J. Hensick, American ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Trésor Mputu, Congolese footballer
  • 1985 – Raven-Symoné, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1985 – Lê Công Vinh, Vietnamese footballer
  • 1986Matthew Bates, English footballer
  • 1986 – Kahlil Bell, American football player
  • 1987Gonzalo Higuaín, French-Argentinian footballer
  • 1988Wilfried Bony, Ivorian footballer
  • 1988 – Mitchell Donald, Dutch footballer
  • 1988 – Neven Subotić, Serbian footballer
  • 1989Marion Maréchal-Le Pen, French politician
  • 1989 – Tom Sexton, Australian-Irish rugby player
  • 1990Kazenga LuaLua, Congolese-English footballer
  • 1990 – Sakiko Matsui, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1990 – Terrell Sinkfield, American football player
  • 1990 – Shoya Tomizawa, Japanese motorcycle racer (d. 2010)
  • 1991Eric Reid, American football player
  • 1991 – Dion Waiters, American basketball player
  • 1994Richard Kennar, Samoan rugby league player
  • 1994 – Matti Klinga, Finnish footballer
  • 1996Joe Burrow, American football player [26]
  • 1996 – Kang Daniel, South Korean singer
  • 1997Viktoriia Savtsova, Ukrainian Paralympic swimmer[27]

Deaths

  • 925Sancho I, king of Pamplona
  • 949Herman I, Duke of Swabia
  • 990Folcmar, bishop of Utrecht[28]
  • 1041Michael IV the Paphlagonian, Byzantine emperor (b. 1010)
  • 1081Nikephoros III Botaneiates, deposed Byzantine Emperor (b. c.1002)
  • 1113Radwan, ruler of Aleppo
  • 1198Averroes, Spanish astronomer, physicist, and philosopher (b. 1126)
  • 1310Stephen I, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1271)
  • 1475Paolo Uccello, Italian painter (b. 1397)
  • 1508René II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1451)
  • 1541Thomas Culpeper, English courtier (b. 1514)
  • 1541 – Francis Dereham, English courtier (b. c. 1513)
  • 1561Caspar Schwenckfeld, German theologian and writer
  • 1618Giulio Caccini, Italian composer and educator (b. 1551)
  • 1626Edmund Gunter, English mathematician and academic (b. 1581)
  • 1665Tarquinio Merula, Italian organist, violinist, and composer (b. 1594)
  • 1736António Manoel de Vilhena, Portuguese soldier and politician (b. 1663)
  • 1791Jacob Frank, Polish religious leader (b. 1726)
  • 1831Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist and academic (b. 1770)
  • 1850Józef Bem, Polish general and physicist (b. 1794)
  • 1850 – François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist (b. 1787)
  • 1865Leopold I of Belgium (b. 1790)
  • 1867Sakamoto Ryōma, Japanese samurai and politician (b. 1836)
  • 1896Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist and engineer, invented Dynamite and founded the Nobel Prize (b. 1833)
  • 1909Red Cloud, American tribal chief (b. 1822)
  • 1911Joseph Dalton Hooker, English botanist and explorer (b. 1817)
  • 1917Mackenzie Bowell, English-Canadian journalist and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1823)
  • 1920Horace Elgin Dodge, American businessman, co-founded Dodge (b. 1868)
  • 1922Clement Lindley Wragge, English meteorologist and author (b. 1852)
  • 1926Nikola Pašić, Serbian politician, 46th Prime Minister of Serbia (b. 1845)
  • 1928Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect and painter (b. 1868)
  • 1929Harry Crosby, American publisher and poet (b. 1898)
  • 1932Joseph Carruthers, Australian politician, 16th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1857)
  • 1936Bobby Abel, English cricketer (b. 1857)
  • 1936 – Luigi Pirandello, Italian dramatist, novelist, and poet Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1939John Grieb, American gymnast and triathlete (b. 1879)
  • 1941Colin Kelly, American captain and pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1944John Brunt, English captain, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1922)
  • 1945Theodor Dannecker, German captain (b. 1913)
  • 1946Walter Johnson, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster (b. 1887)
  • 1946 – Damon Runyon, American newspaperman and short story writer (b. 1884)
  • 1948Na Hye-sok, South Korean journalist, poet, and painter (b. 1896)
  • 1951Algernon Blackwood, English author and playwright (b. 1869)
  • 1953Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-English scholar and translator (b. 1872)
  • 1956David Shimoni, Russian-Israeli poet and translator (b. 1891)
  • 1957Napoleon Zervas, Greek general (b. 1891)
  • 1958Adolfo Camarillo, American horse breeder, rancher, and philanthropist (b. 1864)
  • 1963K. M. Panikkar, Indian historian and diplomat (b. 1894)
  • 1967Otis Redding, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1941)
  • 1968Karl Barth, Swiss theologian and author (b. 1886)
  • 1968 – George Forrest, Northern Irish lawyer and politician (b. 1921)
  • 1968 – Thomas Merton, American monk and author (b. 1915)
  • 1972Mark Van Doren, American poet, critic, and academic (b. 1894)
  • 1973Wolf V. Vishniac, German-American microbiologist and academic (b. 1922)
  • 1974Toshinari Shōji, Japanese general (b. 1890)
  • 1977Adolph Rupp, American basketball player and coach (b. 1901)
  • 1978Ed Wood, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 1979Ann Dvorak, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1982Freeman Gosden, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1899)
  • 1987Jascha Heifetz, Lithuanian-American violinist and educator (b. 1901)
  • 1988Richard S. Castellano, American actor (b. 1933)
  • 1988 – Johnny Lawrence, English cricketer and coach (b. 1911)
  • 1988 – Dorothy de Rothschild, English philanthropist and activist (b. 1895)
  • 1990Armand Hammer, American businessman, founded Occidental Petroleum (b. 1898)
  • 1991Greta Kempton, Austrian-American painter and academic (b. 1901)
  • 1992Dan Maskell, English tennis player and sportscaster (b. 1908)
  • 1993Alice Tully, American soprano (b. 1902)
  • 1994Keith Joseph, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Education (b. 1918)
  • 1994 – Alex Wilson, Canadian-American sprinter (b. 1905)
  • 1995Darren Robinson, American rapper (b. 1967)
  • 1996Faron Young, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1932)
  • 1999Rick Danko, Canadian singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (b. 1943)
  • 1999 – Franjo Tuđman, Croatian general and politician, 1st President of Croatia (b. 1922)
  • 1999 – Woodrow Borah, American historian of Spanish America (b. 1912)
  • 2000Marie Windsor, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2001Ashok Kumar, Indian actor, singer, and producer (b. 1911)
  • 2002Andres Küng, Swedish journalist and politician (b. 1945)
  • 2002 – Ian MacNaughton, Scottish actor, director, and producer (b. 1925)
  • 2003Sean McClory, Irish actor and director (b. 1924)
  • 2004Gary Webb, American journalist and author (b. 1955)
  • 2005Mary Jackson, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2005 – Eugene McCarthy, American poet, academic, and politician (b. 1916)
  • 2005 – Richard Pryor, American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1940)
  • 2006Olivia Coolidge, English-American author and educator (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Augusto Pinochet, Chilean general and politician, 30th President of Chile (b. 1915)
  • 2007Vitali Hakko, Turkish businessman, founded Vakko (b. 1913)
  • 2009Vladimir Teplyakov, Russian soldier and physicist (b. 1925)
  • 2010John Fenn, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – J. Michael Hagopian, Armenian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1913)
  • 2010 – MacKenzie Miller, American horse trainer and breeder (b. 1921)
  • 2012Iajuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi academic and politician, 13th President of Bangladesh (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Antonio Cubillo, Spanish lawyer and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Tommy Roberts, English fashion designer (b. 1942)
  • 2013Alan Coleman, English-Australian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Jim Hall, American guitarist and composer (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Don Lund, American baseball player and coach (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Srikanta Wadiyar, Indian politician and the titular Maharaja of Mysore(b. 1946)
  • 2014Ralph Giordano, German author and publicist (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Robert B. Oakley, American diplomat, 19th United States Ambassador to Pakistan (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Bob Solinger, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Judy Baar Topinka, American journalist and politician (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Gerard Vianen, Dutch cyclist (b. 1944)
  • 2015Ron Bouchard, American race car driver and businessman (b. 1948)
  • 2015 – Denis Héroux, Canadian director and producer (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Arnold Peralta, Honduran footballer (b. 1989)
  • 2015 – Dolph Schayes, American basketball player and coach (b. 1928)
  • 2017Max Clifford, British publicist (b. 1943)
  • 2017 – Angry Grandpa, American Internet personality (b. 1950)
  • 2019Philip McKeon, American actor (b. 1964)
  • 2019 – Gershon Kingsley, American composer and musician (b. 1922) [29]

Holidays and observances

  • Alfred Nobel Day or Nobeldagen (Sweden)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Behnam, Sarah, and the Forty Martyrs (Syriac Orthodox Church)[30]
    • Eulalia of Mérida
    • Karl Barth (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Thomas Merton (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Translation of the Holy House of Loreto
    • December 10 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Thailand)
  • Human Rights Day (International)
  • Victory Day (Iraq)[31]

References

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  5. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-50725840
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  26. https://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/B/BurrJo01.htm
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  29. https://www.billboard.com/articles/news/obituary/8546355/gershon-kingsley-dead
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  31. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-iraq-parade/iraq-holds-victory-parade-after-defeating-islamic-state-idUSKBN1E407Z

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External links

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