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Events

  • 0800Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.
  • 1420Henry V of England enters Paris.
  • 1577Francis Walsingham is knighted.
  • 1640 – End of the Iberian Union: Portugal acclaims as King João IV of Portugal, ending 59 years of personal union of the crowns of Portugal and Spain and the end of the rule of the Philippine Dynasty.
  • 1662 – Diarist John Evelyn records skating on the frozen lake in St James's Park, London, watched by Charles II and Queen Catherine.[1]
  • 1768 – The former slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøya in Norway.
  • 1821José Núñez de Cáceres got the independence of the Dominican Republic of Spain and named it the new territory as Republic of Spanish Haiti.
  • 1822Peter I is crowned Emperor of Brazil.
  • 1824United States presidential election: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task of deciding the winner in accordance with the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  • 1828 – Argentine general Juan Lavalle makes a coup against governor Manuel Dorrego, beginning the Decembrist revolution.
  • 1834 – Slavery is abolished in the Cape Colony in accordance with the Slavery Abolition Act 1833.
  • 1862 – In his State of the Union Address President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • 1865Shaw University, the first historically black university in the southern United States, is founded in Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • 1913 – The Buenos Aires Metro, the first underground railway system in the Southern Hemisphere and in Latin America, begins operation.
  • 1913 – Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.
  • 1913 – Crete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the First Balkan War, is annexed by Greece.
  • 1918Transylvania unites with Romania, following the incorporation of Bessarabia (March 27) and Bukovina (November 28), thus concluding the Great Union.
  • 1918 – Iceland becomes a sovereign state, yet remains a part of the Danish kingdom.
  • 1918 – The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is proclaimed.
  • 1919Lady Astor becomes the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. (She had been elected to that position on November 28.)
  • 1924 – The National Hockey League's first United States-based franchise, the Boston Bruins, played their first game in league play at home, at the still-extant Boston Arena indoor hockey facility.[2]
  • 1934 – In the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergey Kirov is assassinated. Stalin uses the incident as a pretext to initiate the Great Purge.
  • 1941World War II: Emperor Hirohito of Japan gives the final approval to initiate war against the United States.
  • 1941 – World War II: Fiorello La Guardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, signs Administrative Order 9, creating the Civil Air Patrol.
  • 1952 – The New York Daily News reports the news of Christine Jorgensen, the first notable case of sex reassignment surgery.
  • 1955American Civil Rights Movement: In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city's racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to that city's bus boycott.
  • 1958 – The Central African Republic attains self-rule within the French Union.
  • 1958 – The Our Lady of the Angels School fire in Chicago kills 92 children and three nuns.
  • 1959Cold War: Opening date for signature of the Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent.
  • 1960Paul McCartney and Pete Best are arrested (and later deported) from Hamburg, West Germany, after accusations of attempted arson.
  • 1964Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II.
  • 1971Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.
  • 1973Papua New Guinea gains self-governance from Australia.
  • 1974TWA Flight 514, a Boeing 727, crashes northwest of Dulles International Airport, killing all 92 people on board.
  • 1974 – Northwest Airlines Flight 6231, another Boeing 727, crashes northwest of John F. Kennedy International Airport.
  • 1977Pinwheel is launched, which is now Nickelodeon.
  • 1980Ecatepec, State of Mexico, Mexico, becomes a city.[3]
  • 1981Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308, a McDonnell Douglas MD-80, crashes in Corsica, killing all 180 people on board.
  • 1984NASA conducts the Controlled Impact Demonstration, wherein an airliner is deliberately crashed in order to test technologies and gather data to help improve survivability of crashes.
  • 1988World AIDS Day was proclaimed worldwide by the UN member states.
  • 1989Philippine coup attempt: The right-wing military rebel Reform the Armed Forces Movement attempts to oust Philippine President Corazon Aquino in a failed bloody coup d'état.
  • 1989 – Cold War: East Germany's parliament abolishes the constitutional provision granting the Communist Party the leading role in the state.
  • 1990Channel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 metres beneath the seabed.
  • 1991 – Cold War: Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1997 – In the Indian state of Bihar, Ranvir Sena attacked the CPI (ML) Party Unity stronghold Lakshmanpur-Bathe, killing 63 lower caste people.
  • 1997 – Heath High School shooting in West Paducah, Kentucky[4]
  • 2000Vicente Fox Quesada is inaugurated as the president of Mexico, marking the first peaceful transfer of executive federal power to an opposing political party following a free and democratic election in Mexico's history.[5][6]
  • 2019 – First known case of COVID-19 appears.[7]

Births

  • 0624 Hasan ibn Ali, the second Shia Imam (d. 670)[8][9]
  • 1081Louis VI, French king (d. 1137)
  • 1083Anna Komnene, Byzantine physician and scholar (d. 1153)
  • 1415Jan Długosz, Polish historian (d. 1480)Script error: No such module "Footnotes".
  • 1438Peter II, Duke of Bourbon, son of Charles I (d. 1503)
  • 1443Magdalena of France, French princess (d. 1495)
  • 1488Elisabeth of Nassau-Dillenburg, Countess of Wied, German noblewoman (d. 1559)
  • 1521Takeda Shingen, Japanese daimyō (d. 1573)
  • 1525Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)
  • 1530Bernardino Realino, Italian Jesuit (d. 1616)
  • 1561Sophie Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Duchess consort of Pomerania-Wolgast (d. 1631)
  • 1580Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer and historian (d. 1637)
  • 1690Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, English lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (d. 1764)
  • 1709Franz Xaver Richter, Czech composer, violinist, and conductor (d. 1789)
  • 1716Étienne Maurice Falconet, French sculptor (d. 1791)
  • 1743Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist and academic (d. 1817)
  • 1761Marie Tussaud, French-English sculptor, founded Madame Tussauds Wax Museum (d. 1850)
  • 1792Nikolai Lobachevsky, Russian mathematician and geometer (d. 1856)
  • 1800Mihály Vörösmarty, Hungarian poet (d. 1855)
  • 18059th Dalai Lama, Tibetan Buddhist spiritual leader (d. 1815)
  • 1844Alexandra of Denmark (d. 1925)
  • 1846Ledi Sayadaw, Burmese monk and philosopher (d. 1923)
  • 1847Julia A. Moore, American poet (d. 1920)
  • 1855John Evans, English-Australian politician, 21st Premier of Tasmania (d. 1943)
  • 1869Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish painter and critic (d. 1923)
  • 1871Archie MacLaren, English cricketer (d. 1944)
  • 1871 – George Howard Williams, American politician and attorney, United States Senator from Missouri (d. 1963)
  • 1883Henry Cadbury, American historian, scholar, and academic (d. 1974)
  • 1884Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter and etcher (d. 1976)
  • 1886Rex Stout, American detective novelist (d. 1975)
  • 1886 – Zhu De, Chinese general and politician, 1st Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China (d. 1976)
  • 1894Afrânio Pompílio Gastos do Amaral, Brazilian herpetologist (d. 1982)
  • 1895Henry Williamson, English farmer, soldier, and author (d. 1977)
  • 1896Georgy Zhukov, Russian general and politician, 2nd Minister of Defence for the Soviet Union (d. 1974)
  • 1898Stuart Garson, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Premier of Manitoba (d. 1977)
  • 1898 – Cyril Ritchard, Australian-American actor and singer (d. 1977)
  • 1900Karna Maria Birmingham, Australian artist, illustrator and print maker (d. 1987)
  • 1901Ilona Fehér, Hungarian-Israeli violinist and educator (d. 1988)
  • 1903Nikolai Voznesensky, Soviet economic planner, member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (d. 1950)
  • 1905Alex Wilson, Canadian sprinter and coach (d. 1994)
  • 1910Alicia Markova, English ballerina and choreographer (d. 2004)
  • 1911Walter Alston, American baseball player and manager (d. 1984)
  • 1911 – Calvin Griffith, Canadian-American businessman (d. 1999)
  • 1912Minoru Yamasaki, American architect, designed the World Trade Center (d. 1986)
  • 1913Mary Martin, American actress and singer (d. 1990)
  • 1916Wan Li, Chinese educator and politician, 4th Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China (d. 2015)
  • 1917Thomas Hayward, American tenor and actor (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Marty Marion, American baseball player and manager (d. 2011)
  • 1920Peter Baptist Tadamaro Ishigami, Japanese priest, 1st Bishop of Naha (d. 2014)
  • 1921Vernon McGarity, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2013)
  • 1922Vsevolod Bobrov, Russian ice hockey player, footballer, and manager (d. 1979)
  • 1923Dick Shawn, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1923 – Stansfield Turner, American admiral and academic, 12th Director of Central Intelligence (d. 2018)
  • 1924Masao Horiba, Japanese businessman, founded Horiba (d. 2015)
  • 1925Martin Rodbell, American biochemist and endocrinologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1926Mother Antonia, American-Mexican nun and activist (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Allyn Ann McLerie, Canadian-American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2018)
  • 1926 – Keith Michell, Australian actor (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Robert Symonds, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Colin Tennant, 3rd Baron Glenconner, Scottish businessman (d. 2010)
  • 1927Micheline Bernardini, French dancer and model
  • 1928Emily McLaughlin, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1928 – Malachi Throne, American actor (d. 2013)
  • 1929David Doyle, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1930Marie Bashir, Australian psychiatrist, academic, and politician, 37th Governor of New South Wales
  • 1930 – Joachim Hoffmann, German historian and author (d. 2002)
  • 1931Jimmy Lyons, American saxophonist (d. 1986)
  • 1931 – Jim Nesbitt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – George Maxwell Richards, Trinidadian politician, 4th President of Trinidad and Tobago (d. 2018)
  • 1933Lou Rawls, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Violette Verdy, French ballerina (d. 2016)
  • 1934Billy Paul, American soul singer (d. 2016)
  • 1935Woody Allen, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1935 – Sola Sierra, Chilean human rights activist (d. 1999)[10]
  • 1936Igor Rodionov, Russian general and politician, 3rd Russian Minister of Defence (d. 2014)
  • 1937Muriel Costa-Greenspon, American soprano and actress (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Gordon Crosse, English composer and academic
  • 1937 – Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga, Latvian psychologist and politician, 6th President of Latvia
  • 1938Sandy Nelson, American rock and roll drummer
  • 1939Lee Trevino, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1940Mike Denness, Scottish-English cricketer and referee (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Richard Pryor, American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1940 – Tasso Wild, German footballer
  • 1940 – Jerry Lawson, American electronic engineer and inventor (d. 2011)
  • 1942Mohamed Kamel Amr, Egyptian politician, Egyptian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1942 – John Crowley, American author and academic
  • 1942 – Ross Edwards, Australian cricketer
  • 1943Kenny Moore, American runner and journalist
  • 1944Eric Bloom, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1944 – John Densmore, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1944 – Michael Hagee, American general
  • 1944 – Tahar Ben Jelloun, Moroccan author and poet
  • 1945Bette Midler, American singer-songwriter, actress and producer
  • 1946Jonathan Katz, American comedian and actor
  • 1946 – Kemal Kurspahić, Bosnian journalist and author
  • 1946 – Gilbert O'Sullivan, Irish singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1947Alain Bashung, French singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2009)
  • 1947 – Bob Fulton, English-Australian rugby league player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1948George Foster, American baseball player and radio host
  • 1948 – Sarfraz Nawaz, Pakistani cricketer and politician
  • 1948 – John Roskelley, American mountaineer and author
  • 1948 – Neil Warnock, English footballer and manager
  • 1948 – N. T. Wright, English bishop and scholar
  • 1948 – Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa, Nigerian civil servant and politician, Governor of Kaduna State (d. 2012)
  • 1949Jan Brett, American author and illustrator
  • 1949 – Pablo Escobar, Colombian drug lord and narcoterrorist (d. 1993)
  • 1949 – Sebastián Piñera, Chilean businessman and politician, 35th President of Chile
  • 1950Manju Bansal, Indian biologist and academic
  • 1950 – Ross Hannaford, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
  • 1950 – Gary Panter, American illustrator and painter
  • 1950 – Filippos Petsalnikos, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister of Justice
  • 1950 – Richard Keith, American actor and drummer
  • 1951Obba Babatundé, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1951 – Doug Mulray, Australian radio and television host
  • 1951 – Jaco Pastorius, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (d. 1987)
  • 1951 – Treat Williams, American actor
  • 1952Stephen Poliakoff, English director, producer, and playwright
  • 1954Alan Dedicoat, English journalist
  • 1954 – Judith Hackitt, English chemist and engineer
  • 1954 – François Van der Elst, Belgian footballer (d. 2017)
  • 1955Veikko Aaltonen, Finnish actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Verónica Forqué, Spanish actress
  • 1955 – Pat Spillane, Irish footballer and sportscaster
  • 1955 – Karen Tumulty, American journalist
  • 1955 – Udit Narayan, Indian playback singer
  • 1956Julee Cruise, American singer-songwriter, musician, and actress
  • 1957Chris Poland, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1957 – Vesta Williams, American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2011)
  • 1958Javier Aguirre, Mexican footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Candace Bushnell, American journalist and author
  • 1958 – Alberto Cova, Italian runner
  • 1958 – Gary Peters, American lieutenant and politician
  • 1959Billy Childish, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and painter
  • 1959 – Wally Lewis, Australian rugby league player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1960Carol Alt, American model and actress
  • 1960 – Shirin M. Rai, Indian-English political scientist and academic
  • 1960 – Jane Turner, Australian actress and producer
  • 1961Safra Catz, Israeli-American businesswoman
  • 1961 – Raymond E. Goldstein, American biophysicist and academic
  • 1961 – Jeremy Northam, English actor
  • 1962Sylvie Daigle, Canadian speed skater
  • 1962 – Pamela McGee, American basketball player and coach
  • 1963Marco Greco, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1963 – Nathalie Lambert, Canadian speed skater
  • 1963 – Arjuna Ranatunga, Sri Lankan cricketer and politician
  • 1964Salvatore Schillaci, Italian footballer
  • 1964 – Jo Walton, Welsh-Canadian author and poet
  • 1965Henry Honiball, South African rugby player
  • 1965 – Magnifico, Slovenian singer
  • 1966Andrew Adamson, New Zealand director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Katherine LaNasa, American actress, ballet dancer, and choreographer
  • 1966 – Larry Walker, Canadian baseball player and coach
  • 1967Nestor Carbonell, American actor
  • 1967 – Reggie Sanders, American baseball player
  • 1968Justin Chadwick, English actor and director
  • 1968 – Sarah Fitzgerald, Australian squash player
  • 1968 – Anders Holmertz, Swedish swimmer
  • 1969Richard Carrier, American author and blogger
  • 1970Jonathan Coulton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Kirk Rueter, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Sarah Silverman, American comedian, actress, and singer
  • 1970 – Tisha Waller, American high jumper and educator
  • 1971Emily Mortimer, English actress
  • 1971 – Christian Pescatori, Italian race car driver
  • 1971 – Mika Pohjola, Finnish-American pianist and composer
  • 1971 – John Schlimm, American author and educator
  • 1972Stanton Barrett, American race car driver and stuntman
  • 1972 – Bart Millard, American singer-songwriter
  • 1973Steve Gibb, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1974Costinha, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1975Matt Fraction, American author
  • 1975 – Isaiah "Ikey" Owens, American keyboard player and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1975 – Farah Shah, Pakistani actress and host
  • 1975 – Thomas Schie, Norwegian race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1975 – Sophia Skou, Danish swimmer
  • 1976 – Brently Heilbron, American actor and musician
  • 1976Tomasz Adamek, Polish boxer
  • 1976 – Laura Ling, American journalist and author
  • 1976 – Evangelos Sklavos, Greek basketball player
  • 1977Brad Delson, American guitarist and producer
  • 1977 – Sophie Guillemin, French actress
  • 1977 – Lee McKenzie, Scottish journalist
  • 1978Mat Kearney, American musician[11]
  • 1979Ryan Malone, American ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Stephanie Brown Trafton, American discus thrower
  • 1980Iftikhar Anjum, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1980 – Mohammad Kaif, Indian cricketer and politician
  • 1980 – Roger Peterson, Aruban-Dutch singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Mubarak Hassan Shami, Kenyan-Qatari runner
  • 1980 – Gianna Terzi, Greek singer
  • 1981Park Hyo-shin, South Korean singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1981 – Luke McPharlin, Australian footballer
  • 1981 – I Made Wirawan, Indonesian footballer
  • 1982Riz Ahmed, English actor and rapper
  • 1982 – Lloyd Doyley, English footballer
  • 1982 – Christos Kalantzis, Greek footballer
  • 1982 – Christos Melissis, Greek footballer
  • 1985John Coughlin, American figure skater (d. 2019)
  • 1985 – Janelle Monáe, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1985 – Chanel Preston, American porn actress and director
  • 1985 – Emiliano Viviano, Italian footballer
  • 1986DeSean Jackson, American football player
  • 1987Simon Dawkins, English footballer
  • 1987 – Tabarie Henry, Virgin Islander sprinter
  • 1987 – Vance Joy, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1987 – Brett Williams, English footballer
  • 1988Zoë Kravitz, American actress, singer, and model
  • 1988 – Dan Mavraides, Greek-American basketball player
  • 1988 – Tyler Joseph, American musician and singer
  • 1989Sotelúm, Mexican trumpet player, composer, and producer
  • 1990Tomáš Tatar, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1991Hilda Melander, Swedish tennis player
  • 1991 – Sun Yang, Chinese swimmer
  • 1991 – Noel Acciari, American ice hockey player
  • 1992Masahudu Alhassan, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1992 – Javier Báez, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1992 – Linos Chrysikopoulos, Greek basketball player
  • 1992 – Marco van Ginkel, Dutch footballer
  • 1993Reena Pärnat, Estonian archer
  • 1994Seedy Njie, English footballer
  • 1995Agnė Čepelytė, Lithuanian tennis player
  • 1995 – Jenna Fife, Scottish footballer[12]
  • 1995 – James Wilson, English footballer
  • 1998Shimona Nelson, Jamaican netballer

Deaths

  • 0217Yehudah HaNasi, 'Nasi', Rabbi and editor of the Mishnah (b. 135)
  • 0660Eligius, Frankish bishop and saint (b. 588)
  • 0948Gao Conghui, Chinese governor and prince (b. 891)
  • 0969Fujiwara no Morotada, Japanese statesman (b. 920)
  • 1018Thietmar of Merseburg, German bishop (b. 975)
  • 1135Henry I, king of England (b. 1068)
  • 1241Isabella of England, Holy Roman Empress (b. 1214)
  • 1255Muhammad III of Alamut, Nizari Ismaili Imam[13]
  • 1335Abu Sa'id Bahadur Khan, Mongol ruler of the Ilkhanate (b. 1305)
  • 1374Magnus Ericson, king of Sweden (b. 1316)
  • 1433Go-Komatsu, emperor of Japan (b. 1377)
  • 1455Lorenzo Ghiberti, Italian goldsmith and sculptor (b. 1378)
  • 1521Leo X, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1475)
  • 1530Margaret of Austria, duchess of Savoy (b. 1480)
  • 1580Giovanni Morone, Italian cardinal (b. 1509)
  • 1581Alexander Briant, English Roman Catholic priest, martyr and saint (b. 1556)
  • 1581 – Edmund Campion, English Roman Catholic priest, martyr, and saint (b. 1540)
  • 1581 – Ralph Sherwin, English Roman Catholic priest, martyr, and saint (b. 1550)
  • 1633Isabella Clara Eugenia, infanta of Spain (b. 1566)
  • 1640Miguel de Vasconcelos, Portuguese politician, Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1590)
  • 1660Pierre d'Hozier, French genealogist and historian (b. 1592)
  • 1729Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer and mathematician (b. 1665)
  • 1750Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr, German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer (b. 1671)
  • 1755Maurice Greene, English organist and composer (b. 1696)
  • 1767Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, Scottish politician (b. 1710)
  • 1825Alexander I, emperor and autocrat of Russia (b. 1777)
  • 1865Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss pastor, poet, and educator (b. 1796)
  • 1866George Everest, Welsh geographer and surveyor (b. 1790)
  • 1867Charles Gray Round, English lawyer and politician (b. 1797)
  • 1884William Swainson, English-New Zealand lawyer and politician, Attorney-General of the Crown Colony of New Zealand (b. 1809)
  • 1913Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet and author (b. 1864)
  • 1914Alfred Thayer Mahan, American captain and historian (b. 1840)
  • 1916Charles de Foucauld, French priest and martyr (b. 1858)
  • 1923Virginie Loveling, Belgian author and poet (b. 1836)
  • 1928José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian-American lawyer and poet (b. 1888)
  • 1933Pekka Halonen, Finnish painter (b. 1865)
  • 1934Sergey Kirov, Russian engineer and politician (b. 1886)
  • 1935Bernhard Schmidt, Estonian-German optician, invented the Schmidt camera (b. 1879)
  • 1943Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai historian and educator (b. 1862)
  • 1947Aleister Crowley, English magician, poet, and mountaineer (b. 1875)
  • 1947 – G. H. Hardy, English mathematician and theorist (b. 1877)
  • 1950Ernest John Moeran, English pianist and composer (b. 1894)
  • 1954Fred Rose, American pianist, composer, and publisher (b. 1898)
  • 1964J. B. S. Haldane, English-Indian geneticist and biologist (b. 1892)
  • 1964 – Charilaos Vasilakos, Greek runner (b. 1877)
  • 1968Nicolae Bretan, Romanian opera singer, composer, and conductor (b. 1887)
  • 1968 – Darío Moreno, Turkish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1921)
  • 1973David Ben-Gurion, Israeli politician, 1st Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1886)
  • 1975Nellie Fox, American baseball player and coach (b. 1927)
  • 1975 – Ernesto Maserati, Italian race car driver and engineer (b. 1898)
  • 1975 – Anna Roosevelt Halsted, American journalist (b. 1906)
  • 1981Russ Manning, American author and illustrator (b. 1929)
  • 1984Roelof Frankot, Dutch painter and photographer (b. 1911)
  • 1986Frank McCarthy, American general and film producer (b. 1912)
  • 1987James Baldwin, American novelist, poet, and critic (b. 1924)
  • 1987 – Punch Imlach, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (b. 1918)
  • 1988J. Vernon McGee, American pastor and theologian (b. 1904)
  • 1989Alvin Ailey, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1931)
  • 1990Carla Lehmann, Canadian-English actress (b. 1917)
  • 1991Pat O'Callaghan, Irish athlete (b. 1906)[14]
  • 1991 – George Stigler, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1993Ray Gillen, American singer-songwriter (b. 1959)
  • 1995Hopper Levett, English cricketer (b. 1908)
  • 1995 – Colin Tapley, New Zealand-English actor (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Maxwell R. Thurman, American general (b. 1931)
  • 1996Peter Bronfman, Canadian businessman (b. 1928)
  • 1997Michel Bélanger, Canadian banker and businessman (b. 1929)
  • 1997 – Stéphane Grappelli, French violinist (b. 1908)
  • 1997 – Endicott Peabody, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 62nd Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1920)
  • 2001Ellis R. Dungan, American director and producer (b. 1909)
  • 2002Edward L. Beach Jr., American captain and author (b. 1918)
  • 2002 – Dave McNally, American baseball player (b. 1942)
  • 2003Clark Kerr, American economist and academic (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – Eugenio Monti, Italian bobsledder (b. 1928)
  • 2004Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Bill Brown, Scottish-Canadian footballer (b. 1931)
  • 2005Gust Avrakotos, American CIA officer (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Mary Hayley Bell, English actress and playwright (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Freeman V. Horner, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1922)
  • 2006Claude Jade, French actress (b. 1948)
  • 2006 – Bruce Trigger, Canadian archaeologist, anthropologist, and historian (b. 1937)
  • 2007Ken McGregor, Australian tennis player and footballer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Anton Rodgers, British actor (b. 1933)
  • 2008Paul Benedict, American actor (b. 1938)
  • 2008 – Joseph B. Wirthlin, American businessman and religious leader (b. 1917)
  • 2010Adriaan Blaauw, Dutch astronomer and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2010 – Hillard Elkins, American actor and producer (b. 1929)
  • 2011Christa Wolf, German author and critic (b. 1929)
  • 2012Jovan Belcher, American football player (b. 1987)
  • 2012 – Arthur Chaskalson, South African lawyer and judge, 18th Chief Justice of South Africa (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Rick Majerus, American basketball player and coach (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Ed Price, American soldier, pilot, and politician (b. 1918)
  • 2013Richard Coughlan, English drummer (b. 1947)
  • 2013 – Stirling Colgate, American physicist and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Edward Heffron, American soldier (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Martin Sharp, Australian cartoonist and songwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2014Mario Abramovich, Argentinian violinist and composer (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Greek epidemiologist, oncologist, and academic (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Rocky Wood, New Zealand-Australian author (b. 1959)
  • 2015Rob Blokzijl, Dutch physicist and computer scientist (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Joseph Engelberger, American physicist and engineer (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – John F. Kurtzke, American neurologist and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Jim Loscutoff, American basketball player (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Trevor Obst, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1940)
  • 2018Vivian Lynn, New Zealand artist (b. 1931)[15]
  • 2019Paula Tilbrook, English actress (b. 1930)[16]

Holidays and observances

  • Battle of the Sinop Day (Russia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Alexander Briant
    • Ansanus
    • Blessed Bruna Pellesi
    • Castritian
    • Blessed Charles de Foucauld
    • Edmund Campion
    • Eligius
    • Evasius
    • Grwst
    • Nahum
    • Nicholas Ferrar (Episcopal Church)
    • Ralph Sherwin
    • Ursicinus of Brescia
    • December 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Damrong Rajanubhab Day (Thailand)
  • Earliest day on which Farmer's Day can fall, while December 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Friday in December. (Ghana)
  • Earliest day on which Good Neighborliness Day can fall, while December 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Sunday in December. (Turkmenistan)
  • Earliest day on which Sindhi Cultural Day can fall, while December 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Sunday in December. (Sindhi diaspora)
  • First President Day (Kazakhstan)
  • Freedom and Democracy Day (Chad)
  • Great Union Day, celebrates the Union of Transylvania with Romania in 1918. (Romania)
  • Military Abolition Day (Costa Rica)
  • National Day (Myanmar)
  • Republic Day (Central African Republic)
  • Restoration of Independence Day (Portugal)
  • Rosa Parks Day (Ohio and Oregon, United States)
  • Self-governance Day or Fullveldisdagurinn (Iceland)
  • Teachers' Day (Panama)
  • World AIDS Day, and its related observances:
    • Day Without Art

References

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  9. Shaykh Mufid. Kitab Al Irshad. p.279-289 Script error: No such module "webarchive"..
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  11. https://www.allmusic.com/artist/mat-kearney-mn0000862343/biography
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External links

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