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Billy Elliot is a 2000 British dance drama film about a boy becoming a professional ballet dancer, set in north-eastern England during the 1984–85 coal miners' strike. It was produced by Greg Brenman and Jon Finn, music composed by Stephen Warbeck, co-produced by BBC Films, Tiger Aspect Pictures and Working Title Films, distributed by Universal Pictures and Focus Features, written by Lee Hall and directed by Stephen Daldry.[2][3]

The film stars Jamie Bell as 11-year-old Billy, an aspiring dancer dealing with the negative stereotype of the male ballet dancer, Gary Lewis as his coal miner father, Jamie Draven as Billy's bullying older brother, and Julie Walters as his ballet teacher. The film was theatrically released on 29 September 2000 by Universal Pictures and Focus Features. It received positive reviews from critics and it earned £72,853,509 on a £3 million budget. In 2001, author Melvin Burgess was commissioned to write the novelisation of the film based on Lee Hall's screenplay. The story was adapted for the West End stage as Billy Elliot the Musical in 2005; it opened in Australia in 2007 and on Broadway in 2008.


In 1984, Billy Elliot, an 11-year-old from the fictional Everington in County Durham, England, loves to dance and has hopes of becoming a professional ballet dancer. Billy lives with his widowed father, Jackie, and older brother, Tony, both coal miners out on strike (the latter being the union bully), and also his maternal grandmother, who has Alzheimer's disease and once aspired to be a professional dancer.

Billy's father sends him to the gym to learn boxing, but Billy dislikes the sport. He happens upon a ballet class that is using the gym while their usual basement studio is temporarily being used as a soup kitchen for the striking miners. Unknown to Jackie, Billy joins the ballet class. When Jackie discovers this, he forbids Billy to take any more ballet. But, passionate about dancing, Billy secretly continues lessons with the help of his dance teacher, Sandra Wilkinson.

Mrs. Wilkinson believes Billy is talented enough to study at the Royal Ballet School in London, but due to Tony's arrest during a skirmish between police and striking miners, Billy misses the audition. Mrs. Wilkinson tells Jackie about the missed opportunity, but fearing that Billy will be considered to be gay, both Jackie and Tony are outraged at the prospect of him becoming a professional ballet dancer.

Over Christmas, Billy learns his best friend, Michael, is gay. Although Billy is not, he is supportive of his friend. Later, Jackie catches Billy dancing in the gym and realises his son is truly gifted; he resolves to do whatever it takes to help Billy attain his dream. Mrs. Wilkinson tries to persuade Jackie to let her pay for the audition, but he replies that Billy is his son and he does not need charity. Jackie attempts to cross the picket line to pay for the trip to London, but Tony stops him. Instead, his fellow miners and the neighbourhood raise some money and Jackie pawns Billy's mother's jewelry to cover the cost, and Jackie takes him to London to audition. Although very nervous, Billy performs well, but he punches another boy in frustration at the audition, fearing that he has ruined his chances of attaining his dream. He is sternly rebuked by the review board, but when asked what it feels like when he is dancing, he describes it as being "like electricity". Seemingly rejected, Billy returns home with his father. Sometime later, the Royal Ballet School sends him a letter telling him he has been accepted, and he leaves home to attend.

Fourteen years later, Billy takes the stage to perform the Swan in Matthew Bourne's Swan Lake, as Jackie, Tony, and Michael watch from the audience.


File:Jamie Bell by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Jamie Bell played the title character for his debut role in the film.


Lee Hall developed Billy Elliot from his play Dancer, which premiered as a rehearsed reading in 1998 at the Live Theatre in Newcastle upon Tyne.[4] He was heavily influenced by photographer Sirkka-Liisa Konttinen's book Step by Step, about a dancing school in nearby North Shields. Writing in 2009, Hall said that "almost every frame of Billy Elliot was influenced by Step by Step ... as every member of the design team carried around their own copy."[5]


File:Avon Street, Easington Colliery.jpg

Just short of the patch of grass where Andrew and Alnwick Streets once stood. The street in view is Avon Street.

Due to Easington Colliery's pit closure in 1993,[6] the mining scenes were filmed at the Ellington and Lynemouth Colliery in Northumberland,[7] with some filming in Dawdon, Middlesborough and Newcastle upon Tyne.[7]

Scenes inside the Elliot home and local street shots were filmed in Easington Colliery, with the producers using over 400 locals as extras.[7] Alnwick Street, on which the Elliot family lived at number 5, was one of several streets demolished in 2003 after becoming derelict.[8][9] Michael lived at the corresponding number across the alley to the west on the also-demolished Andrew Street. A green space now stands in their place. Avon Street, to the east, which is still intact, is shown when the postman walks up to the front of the Elliot residence to deliver Billy's letter from the Royal Ballet. The faded white-brick wall of Wright's Prize Bingo, on Ashton Street, is also still visible. This was directly in line with the Elliots' terrace.

Almost all of the scenes set in Everington were filmed at the top of the sizable slope that is visible in the street views, near the allotments on Tower Street that still remain today. Easington coal mine was located past the eastern end of Tower Street. It is also down Tower Street that Billy is seen dancing with his ballet shoes around his neck. He then turns right to go behind the Anthony Street terraces, looking down the hill to Ashton Street, on what is now Gardener and Leech Courts, with Bede Street rising up on the other side. The rear of Anthony Street is also used in the scene in which Billy steals a ballet book from the mobile library van. After a dance class, Mrs Wilkinson drops Billy off at a vacant lot of land on Crawlaw Avenue, just beyond Andrew Street.

There are three scenes filmed at the southern end of the terraces: when Debbie is dragging the stick along the walls (and police shields) on Ashton Street at the ends of Avon Street, firstly, and then Alnwick Street. Billy then crosses Ashton Street en route to Seaside Lane. The same crossing is made by Billy, Jackie and Tony when they take Billy to the bus station. Mrs Wilkinson parks on Ashton Street, at the bottom of Alnwick Street, when she pays the Elliots a visit.

The Rialto, a former cinema on Oswald Terrace, is shown briefly in the movie. It is now the only surviving cinema building in the town, although it has now been taken over by a carpet superstore. Part of the original façade, which Billy walks by, is still visible, however. It ceased being a cinema in the mid-1970s. It is in the alley behind Oswald Terrace that the Christmas scene featuring Billy and Michael is shot. Fake snow is used to cover the scene.[10] The rear of the Rialto doubles as that of Everington Boys' Club, where Billy attends boxing and dance practices. The interior shots were filmed on the top floor of Hanwell Community Centre in London.

The viaduct shown during Billy's angry scene is the Green Drive Railway Viaduct in Seaham. It is viewed from Queen Alexandra Road.

The Miners' Welfare Hall is in nearby Dawdon, as is Embleton Street, up which Billy does his "angry dance". While made to seem like it is the same street, the corrugated iron wall at which he comes to a stop is at the end of the alley between Embleton Street and Stavordale Street West. The structure was a temporary installment to hide Shrewsbury Street behind it. Fake snow is used once more.

The cemetery in which Jenny Elliot is buried is in Lynemouth.[11]

School scenes were filmed in Langley Park Primary School, County Durham. It is on the nearby Lanchester Valley Railway Path that Billy and Michael are seen during their school's cross country run.

The bridge sequence was filmed on the Tees Transporter Bridge across the River Tees.

New Wardour Castle, near Tisbury, Wiltshire, doubled as London's Royal Ballet School.

The bus station, from where Billy leaves his father and brother for London, is the now-demolished Gallowgate Bus Station in Newcastle.

The performance of Swan Lake takes place at the Theatre Royal in Haymarket, London.


On 22 May 1999, it was announced that Jamie Bell would play the lead role in the film, while Adam Cooper and Julie Walters were in early talks to join the cast. On 3 June 1999 it was reported that Gary Lewis, Jamie Draven, Jean Heywood, Stuart Wells, Merryn Owen, Nicola Blackwell, Colin Maclachlan, Mike Elliott, Billy Fane, Janine Birkett, Charlie Hardwick, Matthew James Thomas and Stephen Mangan were also in final talks to join the film, and Patrick Malahide and Barbara Leigh-Hunt were added to the cast, playing the Royal Ballet School principals. On 17 June 1999, Neil North and Lee Williams joined the cast of the film, playing the Royal Ballet School tutors.


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Billy Elliot advert on a lorry in London


Billy Elliot was originally released at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival under the title 'Dancer.' It was later decided to re-title the film Billy Elliot to avoid confusion with Dancer In The Dark which was also at Cannes that year. Billy Elliot was theatrically released on 29 September 2000 by Universal Pictures and Focus Features.

Home media

Universal Studios Home Entertainment released Billy Elliot was released on DVD and VHS on 25 October 2001 and on Blu-ray Disc on 10 January 2012.


The film holds an 85% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes; the consensus states: "Billy Elliot is a charming movie that can evoke both laughter and tears."[12]

Roger Ebert gave the film three out of four stars, complimenting the performances of Julie Walters, Gary Lewis and Jamie Bell in particular.[13]

Awards and nominations

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2000 British Independent Film Awards
  • Best British Independent Film (Won)
  • Best Director – Stephen Daldry (Won)
  • Best Newcomer – Jamie Bell (Won)
  • Best Actress – Julie Walters (Nominated)
  • Best Screenplay (Won)
2001 Academy Awards
2001 British Academy of Film and Television Arts
2001 Golden Globe Awards
2001 Screen Actors Guild Awards
2001 Young Artist Awards
Other awards

In 2004, the magazine Total Film named Billy Elliot the 39th greatest British film of all time.


Stephen Warbeck scored the music for the film and on its soundtrack.


The soundtrack was released on 11 March 2002, and includes several well-known rock and punk songs. The soundtrack also contains pieces of dialogue from the film.[15]

  1. "Cosmic Dancer" – T. Rex
  2. "Boys Play Football"
  3. "Get It On" – T. Rex
  4. "Mother's Letter"
  5. "I Believe" – Stephen Gately
  6. "Town Called Malice" – The Jam
  7. "The Sun Will Come Out"
  8. "I Love to Boogie" – T. Rex
  9. "Burning Up" – Eagle-Eye Cherry
  10. "Royal Ballet School"
  11. "London Calling" – The Clash
  12. "Children of the Revolution" – T. Rex
  13. "Audition Panel"
  14. "Shout to the Top!" – The Style Council
  15. "Walls Come Tumbling Down!" – The Style Council
  16. "Ride a White Swan" – T. Rex

Stage musical

Script error: No such module "main". In 2004, English singer/songwriter Elton John joined forces with the film's screenwriter Lee Hall to produce a musical adaptation of the film, which premiered 31 March 2005 at the Victoria Palace Theatre on the West End. Many of the film's crew took part in the stage production, including director Stephen Daldry and choreographer Peter Darling. The musical received positive notices[16] and ran for over 4,000 performances before closing in April 2016.[17]

See also


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  6. "Easington Colliery", Durham Mining Museum
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  8. "Billy Elliott's house to be bulldozed" – BBC News, 1 November 2012
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  10. "Village shares its Billy Elliot stories at live screening of West End show"The Guardian, 28 September 2014
  11. "Dying for someone to take care of cemetery; PLEA FOR LANDOWNERS TO CLEAN UP OVERGROWN GRAVEYARD"Evening Chronicle, 22 July 2008
  12. Billy Elliot on Rotten Tomatoes
  13. Roger Ebert's review of Billy Elliot
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Further reading

  • Jacqueline Jones, "Small Towns and Big Dreams: Meditations on Two Mining-Town Movies" Perspectives on History (Feb 2011) 49#2 pp 30-31, compares film with "How Green Was My Valley".

External links

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