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Events

  • 48 BCCaesar's Civil War: Battle of Pharsalus: Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.[1]
  • 378Gothic War: Battle of Adrianople: A large Roman army led by Emperor Valens is defeated by the Visigoths. Valens is killed along with over half of his army.
  • 1173 – Construction of the campanile of the Cathedral of Pisa (now known as the Leaning Tower of Pisa) begins; it will take two centuries to complete.
  • 1329Quilon, the first Indian Christian Diocese, is erected by Pope John XXII; the French-born Jordanus is appointed the first Bishop.
  • 1428 – Sources cite biggest caravan trade between Podvisoki and Republic of Ragusa in 1428. Vlachs committed to Ragusan lord Tomo Bunić, that they will with 600 horses deliver 1500 modius of salt. Delivery was meant for Dobrašin Veseoković, and Vlachs price was half of delivered salt.[2]
  • 1500Ottoman–Venetian War (1499–1503): The Ottomans capture Methoni, Messenia.
  • 1610 – The First Anglo-Powhatan War begins in colonial Virginia.
  • 1810Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1814Indian Wars: The Creek sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson, giving up huge parts of Alabama and Georgia.
  • 1830Louis Philippe becomes the king of the French following abdication of Charles X.
  • 1842 – The Webster–Ashburton Treaty is signed, establishing the United States–Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains.
  • 1862American Civil War: Battle of Cedar Mountain: At Cedar Mountain, Virginia, Confederate General Stonewall Jackson narrowly defeats Union forces under General John Pope.
  • 1877Indian Wars: Battle of the Big Hole: A small band of Nez Percé Indians clash with the United States Army.
  • 1892Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.
  • 1902Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1907 – The first Boy Scout encampment concludes at Brownsea Island in southern England.
  • 1914 – Start of the Battle of Mulhouse, part of a French attempt to recover the province of Alsace and the first French offensive of World War I.
  • 1925 – A train robbery takes place in Kakori, near Lucknow, India.
  • 1936Summer Olympic Games: Games of the XI Olympiad: Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal at the games.
  • 1942World War II: Battle of Savo Island: Allied naval forces protecting their amphibious forces during the initial stages of the Battle of Guadalcanal are surprised and defeated by an Imperial Japanese Navy cruiser force.
  • 1944 – The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council release posters featuring Smokey Bear for the first time.
  • 1944 – Continuation War: The Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive, the largest offensive launched by Soviet Union against Finland during the Second World War, ends to a strategic stalemate. Both Finnish and Soviet troops at the Finnish front dug to defensive positions, and the front remains stable until the end of the war.
  • 1945 – World War II: Nagasaki is devastated when an atomic bomb, Fat Man, is dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar. Thirty-five thousand people are killed outright, including 23,200–28,200 Japanese war workers, 2,000 Korean forced workers, and 150 Japanese soldiers.
  • 1945 – The Red Army invades Japanese-occupied Manchuria.
  • 1960South Kasai secedes from the Congo.
  • 1965Singapore is expelled from Malaysia and becomes the only country to date to gain independence unwillingly.
  • 1969 – Followers of Charles Manson murder pregnant actress Sharon Tate (wife of Roman Polanski), coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Polish actor Wojciech Frykowski, men's hairstylist Jay Sebring and recent high-school graduate Steven Parent.
  • 1970LANSA Flight 502 crashes after takeoff from Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport in Cusco, Peru, killing 99 of the 100 people on board, as well as two people on the ground.[3]
  • 1971The Troubles: The British Army in Northern Ireland launches Operation Demetrius. Hundreds of people are arrested and interned, thousands are displaced, and twenty are killed in the violence that followed.
  • 1973Mars 7 is launched from the USSR.
  • 1974 – As a direct result of the Watergate scandal, Richard Nixon becomes the first President of the United States to resign from office. His Vice President, Gerald Ford, becomes president.
  • 1991 – The Italian prosecuting magistrate Antonino Scopelliti is murdered by the 'Ndrangheta on behalf of the Sicilian Mafia while preparing the government's case in the final appeal of the Maxi Trial.
  • 1993 – The Liberal Democratic Party of Japan loses a 38-year hold on national leadership.
  • 1999 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin fires his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin, and for the fourth time fires his entire cabinet.
  • 2006 – At least 21 suspected terrorists are arrested in the 2006 transatlantic aircraft plot that happened in the United Kingdom. The arrests are made in London, Birmingham, and High Wycombe in an overnight operation.
  • 2013 – Gunmen open fire at a Sunni mosque in the city of Quetta killing at least ten people and injuring 30.
  • 2014 – Michael Brown, an 18-year-old African American male in Ferguson, Missouri, is shot and killed by a Ferguson police officer after reportedly assaulting the officer and attempting to steal his weapon, sparking protests and unrest in the city.
  • 2019 – 220 million trees are planted in one day in Uttar Pradesh, India.[4]

Births

  • 1201Arnold Fitz Thedmar, English historian and merchant (d. 1274)
  • 1537Francesco Barozzi, Italian mathematician and astronomer (d. 1604)
  • 1544Bogislaw XIII, Duke of Pomerania (d. 1606)
  • 1590John Webster, Colonial settler and governor of Connecticut (d. 1661)
  • 1593Izaak Walton, English writer (d. 1683)
  • 1603Johannes Cocceius, German-Dutch theologian and academic (d. 1669)
  • 1648Johann Michael Bach, German composer (d. 1694)
  • 1653John Oldham, English poet and translator (d. 1683)
  • 1674František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect, designed the Veltrusy Mansion (d. 1766)
  • 1696Joseph Wenzel I, Prince of Liechtenstein (d. 1772)
  • 1722Prince Augustus William of Prussia (d. 1758)
  • 1726Francesco Cetti, Italian priest, zoologist, and mathematician (d. 1778)
  • 1748Bernhard Schott, German music publisher (d. 1809)[5]
  • 1757Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, American humanitarian; wife of Alexander Hamilton (d. 1854)
  • 1757 – Thomas Telford, Scottish architect and engineer, designed the Menai Suspension Bridge (d. 1834)
  • 1776Amedeo Avogadro, Italian physicist and chemist (d. 1856)
  • 1783Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1801)
  • 1788Adoniram Judson, American missionary and lexicographer (d. 1850)
  • 1797Charles Robert Malden, English lieutenant and surveyor (d. 1855)
  • 1805Joseph Locke, English engineer and politician (d. 1860)
  • 1845André Bessette, Canadian saint (d. 1937)
  • 1847Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, French-Italian wife of Amadeo I of Spain (d. 1876)
  • 1848Alfred David Benjamin, Australian-born businessman and philanthropist. (d. 1900)
  • 1861Dorothea Klumpke, American astronomer and academic (d. 1942)
  • 1867Evelina Haverfield, Scottish nurse and activist (d. 1920)
  • 1872Archduke Joseph August of Austria (d. 1962)
  • 1874Reynaldo Hahn, Venezuelan composer and conductor (d. 1947)
  • 1875Albert Ketèlbey, English pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1959)
  • 1878Eileen Gray, Irish architect and furniture designer (d. 1976)
  • 1879John Willcock, Australian politician, 15th Premier of Western Australia, (d. 1956)
  • 1881Prince Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza, Brazilian prince (d. 1918)
  • 1890Eino Kaila, Finnish philosopher and psychologist, attendant of the Vienna circle (d. 1958)
  • 1896Erich Hückel, German physicist and chemist (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Jean Piaget, Swiss psychologist and philosopher (d. 1980)
  • 1899P. L. Travers, Australian-English author and actress (d. 1996)
  • 1901Charles Farrell, American actor and singer (d. 1990)
  • 1902Zino Francescatti, French violinist (d. 1991)
  • 1902 – Panteleimon Ponomarenko, Russian general and politician (d. 1984)
  • 1905Leo Genn, British actor and barrister (d. 1978)
  • 1909Vinayaka Krishna Gokak, Indian scholar, author, and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Willa Beatrice Player, American educator, first Black woman college president (d. 2003)[6]
  • 1909 – Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer and diplomat (d. 1944)
  • 1911William Alfred Fowler, American astronomer and astrophysicist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Eddie Futch, American boxer and trainer (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – John McQuade, Northern Irish soldier, boxer, and politician (d. 1984)
  • 1913Wilbur Norman Christiansen, Australian astronomer and engineer (d. 2007)
  • 1914Ferenc Fricsay, Hungarian-Austrian conductor and director (d. 1963)
  • 1914 – Tove Jansson, Finnish author and illustrator (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Joe Mercer, English footballer and manager (d. 1990)
  • 1915Mareta West, American astronomer and geologist (d. 1998)
  • 1918Kermit Beahan, American colonel (d. 1989)
  • 1918 – Giles Cooper, Irish soldier and playwright (d. 1966)
  • 1918 – Albert Seedman, American police officer (d. 2013)
  • 1919Joop den Uyl, Dutch journalist, economist, and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1919 – Ralph Houk, American baseball player and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1920Enzo Biagi, Italian journalist and author (d. 2007)
  • 1921Ernest Angley, American evangelist and author
  • 1921 – J. James Exon, American soldier and politician, 33rd Governor of Nebraska (d. 2005)
  • 1922Philip Larkin, English poet and novelist (d. 1985)
  • 1924Mathews Mar Barnabas, Indian metropolitan (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Frank Martínez, American soldier and painter (d. 2013)
  • 1925David A. Huffman, American computer scientist, developed Huffman coding (d. 1999)
  • 1926Denis Atkinson, Barbadian cricketer (d. 2001)
  • 1927Daniel Keyes, American short story writer and novelist (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – Robert Shaw, English actor and screenwriter (d. 1978)
  • 1928Bob Cousy, American basketball player and coach
  • 1928 – Camilla Wicks, American violinist and educator
  • 1928 – Dolores Wilson, American soprano and actress (d. 2010)
  • 1929Abdi İpekçi, Turkish journalist and activist (d. 1979)
  • 1930Milt Bolling, American baseball player and scout (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Jacques Parizeau, Canadian economist and politician, 26th Premier of Quebec (d. 2015)
  • 1931Chuck Essegian, American baseball player and lawyer
  • 1931 – James Freeman Gilbert, American geophysicist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Paula Kent Meehan, American businesswoman, co-founded Redken (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Mário Zagallo, Brazilian footballer and coach
  • 1932Tam Dalyell, Scottish academic and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1932 – John Gomery, Canadian lawyer and jurist
  • 1933Tetsuko Kuroyanagi, Japanese actress, talk show host, and author
  • 1935Beverlee McKinsey, American actress (d. 2008)
  • 1936Julián Javier, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1936 – Patrick Tse, Chinese-Hong Kong actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1938Leonid Kuchma, Ukrainian engineer and politician, 2nd President of Ukraine
  • 1938 – Rod Laver, Australian tennis player and coach
  • 1938 – Otto Rehhagel, German footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1939Hércules Brito Ruas, Brazilian footballer
  • 1939 – Vincent Hanna, Northern Irish journalist (d. 1997)
  • 1939 – The Mighty Hannibal, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1939 – Billy Henderson, American singer (d. 2007)
  • 1939 – Bulle Ogier, French actress and screenwriter
  • 1939 – Romano Prodi, Italian academic and politician, 52nd Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1939 – Butch Warren, American bassist (d. 2013)
  • 1940Linda Keen, American mathematician and academic
  • 1942Tommie Agee, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1942 – Jack DeJohnette, American drummer, pianist, and composer
  • 1942 – David Steinberg, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1943Ken Norton, American boxer and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1944George Armstrong, English footballer (d. 2000)
  • 1944 – Patrick Depailler, French racing driver (d. 1980)
  • 1944 – Sam Elliott, American actor and producer
  • 1944 – Patricia McKissack, American soldier, engineer, and author
  • 1944 – John Simpson, English journalist and author
  • 1945Barbara Delinsky, American author
  • 1945 – Aleksandr Gorelik, Russian figure skater and sportscaster (d. 2012)
  • 1945 – Zurab Sakandelidze, Georgian basketball player (d. 2004)
  • 1945 – Posy Simmonds, English author and illustrator
  • 1946Rinus Gerritsen, Dutch rock bass player
  • 1946 – Jim Kiick, American football player
  • 1947Roy Hodgson, English footballer and manager
  • 1947 – Barbara Mason, American R&B/soul singer-songwriter
  • 1947 – John Varley, American author
  • 1948Bill Campbell, American baseball player and coach
  • 1949Jonathan Kellerman, American psychologist and author
  • 1949 – Ted Simmons, American baseball player and coach
  • 1951James Naughtie, Scottish journalist and radio host
  • 1951 – Steve Swisher, American baseball player and manager
  • 1952Prateep Ungsongtham Hata, Thai activist and politician
  • 1953Kay Stenshjemmet, Norwegian speed skater
  • 1953 – Jean Tirole, French economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1953 – Roberta Tovey, English actress and singer
  • 1954Ray Jennings, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1954 – Pete Thomas, English drummer
  • 1955John E. Sweeney, American lawyer and politician
  • 1956Gordon Singleton, Canadian Olympic Cyclist
  • 1957Melanie Griffith, American actress and producer
  • 1958Amanda Bearse, American actress, comedian and director
  • 1958 – James Lileks, American journalist and blogger
  • 1958 – Calie Pistorius, South African engineer and academic
  • 1959Kurtis Blow, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1959 – Michael Kors, American fashion designer
  • 1961Brad Gilbert, American tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1961 – John Key, New Zealand businessman and politician, 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand[7]
  • 1962Louis Lipps, American football player and radio host
  • 1962 – Kevin Mack, American football player
  • 1962 – John "Hot Rod" Williams, American basketball player (d. 2015)
  • 1963Whitney Houston, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress (d. 2012)[8]
  • 1963 – Jay Leggett, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1963 – Barton Lynch, Australian surfer
  • 1964Brett Hull, Canadian-American ice hockey player and manager
  • 1964 – Hoda Kotb, American journalist and television personality
  • 1966Vinny Del Negro, American basketball player and coach
  • 1966 – Linn Ullmann, Norwegian journalist and author
  • 1967Deion Sanders, American football and baseball player
  • 1968Gillian Anderson, American-British actress, activist and writer
  • 1968 – Eric Bana, Australian actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Sam Fogarino, American drummer
  • 1968 – McG, American director and producer
  • 1969Troy Percival, American baseball player and coach
  • 1970Rod Brind'Amour, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1970 – Chris Cuomo, American lawyer and journalist
  • 1973Filippo Inzaghi, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Kevin McKidd, Scottish actor and director
  • 1973 – Gene Luen Yang, American author and illustrator
  • 1974Derek Fisher, American basketball player and coach
  • 1974 – Stephen Fung, Hong Kong actor, singer, director, and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Lesley McKenna, Scottish snowboarder[9]
  • 1974 – Matt Morris, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Kirill Reznik, American lawyer and politician
  • 1974 – Raphaël Poirée, French biathlete
  • 1975Mahesh Babu, Indian actor and producer
  • 1975 – Valentin Kovalenko, Uzbek football referee
  • 1975 – Mike Lamb, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Robbie Middleby, Australian soccer player
  • 1976Rhona Mitra, English actress and singer
  • 1976 – Audrey Tautou, French model and actress
  • 1976 – Jessica Capshaw, American actress
  • 1977Jason Frasor, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Chamique Holdsclaw, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Ravshan Irmatov, Uzbek football referee
  • 1977 – Adewale Ogunleye, American football player
  • 1977 – Ime Udoka, American basketball player and coach
  • 1977 – Mikaël Silvestre, French footballer
  • 1978Dorin Chirtoacă, Moldavian lawyer and politician, Mayor of Chișinău
  • 1978 – Ana Serradilla, Mexican actress and producer
  • 1978 – Wesley Sonck, Belgian footballer
  • 1979Michael Kingma, Australian basketball player
  • 1979 – Lisa Nandy, British politician
  • 1979 – Tony Stewart, American football player
  • 1981Jarvis Hayes, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Li Jiawei, Singaporean table tennis player
  • 1982Joel Anthony, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Tyson Gay, American sprinter[10]
  • 1982 – Yekaterina Samutsevich, Russian singer and activist
  • 1982 – Kanstantsin Sivtsov, Belorussian cyclist
  • 1983Shane O'Brien, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983 - Hamilton Masakadza, Zimbabwean Cricketer[11]
  • 1983 – Alicja Smietana, Polish-English violinist
  • 1984Paul Gallagher, Scottish footballer
  • 1985Luca Filippi, Italian racing driver
  • 1985 – Filipe Luís, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Anna Kendrick, American actress and singer
  • 1985 – Hayley Peirsol, American swimmer
  • 1985 – JaMarcus Russell, American football player
  • 1985 – Chandler Williams, American football player (d. 2013)
  • 1986Michael Lerchl, German footballer
  • 1986 – Daniel Preussner, German rugby player
  • 1986 – Tyler Smith, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1987Marek Niit, Estonian sprinter
  • 1988Anthony Castonzo, American football player
  • 1988 – Willian, Brazilian footballer
  • 1988 – Vasilios Koutsianikoulis, Greek footballer
  • 1989Jason Heyward, American baseball player
  • 1989 – Stefano Okaka, Italian footballer
  • 1989 – Kento Ono, Japanese actor and model
  • 1990İshak Doğan, Turkish footballer
  • 1990 – Stuart McInally, Scottish rugby player
  • 1990 – Brice Roger, French skier
  • 1990 – Sarah McBride, American LGBT activist
  • 1990 - D'Arcy Short, Australian cricketer [12]
  • 1991Alice Barlow, English actress
  • 1991 – Alexa Bliss, American bodybuilder and wrestler
  • 1991 - Hansika Motwani, Indian actress [13]
  • 1993Jun.Q, South Korean singer and actor
  • 1993 - Dipa Karmakar, Indian gymnast[14]
  • 1994Kelli Hubly, American soccer player
  • 1995Eli Apple, American football player
  • 1996Sanya Lopez, Filipino actress and model
  • 1999Deniss Vasiļjevs, Latvian figure skater

Deaths

  • 378Traianus, Roman general
  • 378 – Valens, Roman emperor (b. 328)
  • 803Irene of Athens, Byzantine ruler (b. 752)[15]
  • 833Al-Ma'mun, Iraqi caliph (b. 786)
  • 1048Pope Damasus II[16]
  • 1107Emperor Horikawa of Japan (b. 1079)
  • 1173Najm ad-Din Ayyub, Kurdish soldier and politician
  • 1211William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber, exiled Anglo-Norman baron (b. 1144/53)
  • 1260Walter of Kirkham, Bishop of Durham
  • 1296Hugh, Count of Brienne, French crusader
  • 1341Eleanor of Anjou, queen consort of Sicily (b. 1289)
  • 1354Stephen, Duke of Slavonia, Hungarian prince (b. 1332)
  • 1420Pierre d'Ailly, French theologian and cardinal (b. 1351)
  • 1516Hieronymus Bosch, Early Netherlandish painter (b. circa 1450)
  • 1534Thomas Cajetan, Italian cardinal and philosopher (b. 1470)
  • 1580Metrophanes III of Constantinople (b. 1520)
  • 1601Michael the Brave, Romanian prince (b. 1558)
  • 1634William Noy, English lawyer and judge (b. 1577)
  • 1720Simon Ockley, English orientalist and academic (b. 1678)
  • 1744James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, English academic and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Radnorshire (b. 1673)
  • 1816Johann August Apel, German jurist and author (b. 1771)
  • 1861Vincent Novello, English composer and publisher (b. 1781)
  • 1886Samuel Ferguson, Irish lawyer and poet (b. 1810)
  • 1910Huo Yuanjia, Chinese martial artist, co-founded the Chin Woo Athletic Association (b. 1868)
  • 1919Ruggero Leoncavallo, Italian composer and educator (b. 1857)
  • 1920Samuel Griffith, Welsh-Australian politician, 9th Premier of Queensland (b. 1845)
  • 1932John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician, founder of the Fields Medal (b. 1863)
  • 1942Edith Stein, German nun and saint (b. 1891)
  • 1943Chaim Soutine, Belarusian-French painter and educator (b. 1893)
  • 1945Robert Hampton Gray, Canadian lieutenant and pilot, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1917)
  • 1945 – Harry Hillman, American runner and coach (b. 1881)
  • 1946Bert Vogler, South African cricketer (b. 1876)
  • 1948Hugo Boss, German fashion designer, founded Hugo Boss (b. 1885)
  • 1949Edward Thorndike, American psychologist and academic (b. 1874)
  • 1957Carl Clauberg, German Nazi physician (b. 1898)
  • 1962Hermann Hesse, German-born Swiss poet, novelist, and painter, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1963Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, American son of John F. Kennedy (b. 1963)
  • 1967Joe Orton, English author and playwright (b. 1933)
  • 1969Wojciech Frykowski, Polish-American actor and author (b. 1936)
  • 1969 – Sharon Tate, American model and actress (b. 1943)
  • 1969 – C. F. Powell, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1972Sıddık Sami Onar, Turkish lawyer and academic (b. 1897)
  • 1974Bill Chase, American trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1934)
  • 1975Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian pianist and composer (b. 1906)
  • 1978James Gould Cozzens, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1903)
  • 1979Walter O'Malley, American businessman (b. 1903)
  • 1979 – Raymond Washington, American gang leader, founded the Crips (b. 1953)
  • 1980Jacqueline Cochran, American pilot (b. 1906)
  • 1981Max Hoffman, Austrian-born car importer and businessman (b. 1904)
  • 1985Clive Churchill, Australian rugby league player and coach (b. 1927)
  • 1988M. Carl Holman, American author, educator, poet, and playwright (b. 1919)[17]
  • 1988 – Giacinto Scelsi, Italian composer and poet (b. 1905)
  • 1990Joe Mercer, English footballer and manager (b. 1914)
  • 1992Fereydoun Farrokhzad, Iranian singer and actor (b. 1938)
  • 1995Jerry Garcia, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 1996Frank Whittle, English soldier and engineer, invented the jet engine (b. 1907)
  • 1999Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian journalist and politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000John Harsanyi, Hungarian-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Nicholas Markowitz, American murder victim (b. 1984)
  • 2002Paul Samson, English guitarist (b. 1953)
  • 2003Jacques Deray, French director and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2003 – Ray Harford, English footballer and manager (b. 1945)
  • 2003 – Gregory Hines, American actor, dancer, and choreographer (b. 1946)
  • 2003 – R. Sivagurunathan, Sri Lankan lawyer, journalist, and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2004Robert Lecourt, French lawyer and politician, Lord Chancellor of France (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Tony Mottola, American guitarist and composer (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – David Raksin, American composer and educator (b. 1912)
  • 2005Judith Rossner, American author (b. 1935)
  • 2006Philip E. High, English author (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – James Van Allen, American physicist and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2007Joe O'Donnell, American photographer and journalist (b. 1922)
  • 2008Bernie Mac, American comedian, actor, screenwriter, and producer (b. 1957)
  • 2008 – Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian author and poet (b. 1941)
  • 2010Calvin "Fuzz" Jones, American singer and bass player (b. 1926)
  • 2010 – Ted Stevens, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1923)
  • 2012Carl Davis, American record producer (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Gene F. Franklin, American engineer, theorist, and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Al Freeman, Jr., American actor, director, and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – David Rakoff, Canadian-American actor and journalist (b. 1964)
  • 2012 – Carmen Belen Richardson, Puerto Rican-American actress (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Mel Stuart, American director and producer (b. 1928)
  • 2013Harry Elliott, American baseball player and coach (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Eduardo Falú, Argentinian guitarist and composer (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – William Lynch, Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1947)
  • 2014J. F. Ade Ajayi, Nigerian historian and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Andriy Bal, Ukrainian footballer and coach (b. 1958)
  • 2014 – Arthur G. Cohen, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Arlen Realty and Development Corporation (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Ed Nelson, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2015Frank Gifford, American football player, sportscaster, and actor (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – John Henry Holland, American computer scientist and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Walter Nahún López, Honduran footballer (b. 1977)
  • 2015 – David Nobbs, English author and screenwriter (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Kayyar Kinhanna Rai, Indian journalist, author, and poet (b. 1915)
  • 2015 – Fikret Otyam, Turkish painter and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2016Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, third-richest British citizen. (b. 1951)[18]

Holidays and observances

  • Battle of Gangut Day (Russia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Candida Maria of Jesus
    • Edith Stein (St Teresa Benedicta of the Cross)
    • Firmus and Rusticus
    • Herman of Alaska (Russian Orthodox Church and related congregations; Episcopal Church (USA))
    • John Vianney (1950s – currently August 4)
    • Mary Sumner (Church of England)
    • Nath Í of Achonry
    • Romanus Ostiarius
    • Secundian, Marcellian and Verian
    • August 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples (United Nations)
  • National Day, celebrates the independence of Singapore from Malaysia in 1965.
  • National Peacekeepers' Day, celebrated on Sunday closest to the day (Canada)
  • National Women's Day (South Africa)

References

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  2. „Crainich Miochouich et Stiepanus Glegieuich ad meliustenendem super se et omnia eorum bona se obligando promiserunt ser Thome de Bona presenti et acceptanti conducere et salauum dare in Souisochi in Bosna Dobrassino Veselcouich nomine dicti ser Thome modia salis mille quingenta super equis siue salmis sexcentis. Et dicto sale conducto et presentato suprascripto Dobrassino in Souisochi medietatem illius salis dare et mensuratum consignare dicto Dobrassino. Et aliam medietatem pro eorum mercede conducenda dictum salem pro ipsius conductoribus retinere et habere. Promittentes vicissim omnia et singularia suprascripta firma et rata habere et tenere ut supra sub obligatione omnium suorum bonorum. Renuntiando” (9. August 1428), State archive, Ragusa Republic, Series: Diversa Cancellariae, Number: XLV, Foil: 31 verso.
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  17. M. CARL HOLMAN DIES AT 69 - The Washington Post
  18. Duke of Westminster, Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor, dies aged 64[1]

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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