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2021

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Events

  • 870Treaty of Meerssen: King Louis the German and his half-brother Charles the Bald partition the Middle Frankish Kingdom into two larger east and west divisions.[1]
  • 1220 – Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula.[2]
  • 1264Mudéjar revolt: Muslim rebel forces took the Alcázar of Jerez de la Frontera after defeating the Castilian garrison.
  • 1503 – King James IV of Scotland marries Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • 1509Krishnadeva Raya is crowned Emperor of Vijayanagara at Chittoor.
  • 1576 – The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe's Uraniborg observatory is laid on the island of Hven.
  • 1585John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in search of the Northwest Passage.
  • 1588Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines: The naval engagement ends, ending the Spanish Armada's attempt to invade England.
  • 1605 – The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden.
  • 1647 – The Irish Confederate Wars and Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Battle of Dungan's Hill: English Parliamentary forces defeat Irish forces.
  • 1648Mehmed IV (1648–1687) succeeds Ibrahim I (1640–1648) as Ottoman Emperor.
  • 1709Bartolomeu de Gusmão demonstrates the lifting power of hot air in an audience before the king of Portugal in Lisbon, Portugal.
  • 1786Mont Blanc on the French-Italian border is climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel-Gabriel Paccard.
  • 1793 – The insurrection of Lyon occurs during the French Revolution.
  • 1794Joseph Whidbey leads an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
  • 1831 – Four hundred Shawnee people agree to relinquish their lands in Ohio in exchange for land west of the Mississippi River in the Treaty of Wapakoneta.[3]
  • 1844 – The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, headed by Brigham Young, is reaffirmed as the leading body of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
  • 1863American Civil War: Following his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to Confederate President Jefferson Davis (which is refused upon receipt).
  • 1870 – The Republic of Ploiești, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
  • 1876Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph.
  • 1908Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It is the Wright Brothers' first public flight.
  • 1918World War I: The Battle of Amiens begins a string of almost continuous Allied victories with a push through the German front lines (Hundred Days Offensive).
  • 1919 – The Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 is signed. It establishes peaceful relations between Afghanistan and the UK, and confirms the Durand line as the mutual border. In return, the UK is no longer obligated to subsidize the Afghan government.[4]
  • 1929 – The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight.
  • 1940 – The "Aufbau Ost" directive is signed by Wilhelm Keitel.
  • 1942Quit India Movement is launched in India against the British rule in response to Mohandas Gandhi's call for swaraj or complete independence.
  • 1945 – The London Charter is signed by France, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and the United States, establishing the laws and procedures for the Nuremberg trials.
  • 1946 – First flight of the Convair B-36, the world's first mass-produced nuclear weapon delivery vehicle, the heaviest mass-produced piston-engined aircraft, with the longest wingspan of any military aircraft, and the first bomber with intercontinental range.
  • 1963Great Train Robbery: In England, a gang of 15 train robbers steal £2.6 million in bank notes.
  • 1963 – The Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), the current ruling party of Zimbabwe, is formed by a split from the Zimbabwe African People's Union.
  • 1967 – The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
  • 1969 – At a zebra crossing in London, photographer Iain Macmillan takes the iconic photo that becomes the cover image of the Beatles' album Abbey Road.
  • 1973Kim Dae-jung, a South Korean politician and later president of South Korea, is kidnapped.
  • 1974 – President Richard Nixon, in a nationwide television address, announces his resignation from the office of the President of the United States effective noon the next day.
  • 1988 – The 8888 Uprising begins in Rangoon (Yangon), Burma (Myanmar). Led by students, hundreds of thousands join in nationwide protests against the one-party regime. On September 18, the demonstrations end in a military crackdown, killing thousands.
  • 1988The first night baseball game in the history of Chicago's Wrigley Field (game was rained out in the fourth inning).[5]
  • 1989Space Shuttle program: STS-28 Mission: Space Shuttle Columbia takes off on a secret five-day military mission.
  • 1990Iraq occupies Kuwait and the state is annexed to Iraq. This would lead to the Gulf War shortly afterward.
  • 1991 – The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses.
  • 1993 – The 7.8 Template:M Guam earthquake shakes the island with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), causing around $250 million in damage and injuring up to 71 people.
  • 1998 – Iranian consulate in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan is raided by Taliban leading to the deaths of ten Iranian diplomats and a journalist.
  • 2000 – Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor and 30 years after its discovery by undersea explorer E. Lee Spence.
  • 2007 – An EF2 tornado touches down in Kings County and Richmond County, New York, the most powerful tornado in New York to date and the first in Brooklyn since 1889.
  • 2008 – A EuroCity express train en route from Kraków, Poland to Prague, Czech Republic strikes a part of a motorway bridge that had fallen onto the railroad track near Studénka railway station in the Czech Republic and derails, killing eight people and injuring 64 others.
  • 2010China Floods: A mudslide in Zhugqu County, Gansu, China, kills more than 1,400 people.
  • 2013 – A suicide bombing at a funeral in the Pakistani city of Quetta kills at least 31 people.
  • 2015 – Eight people are killed in a shooting in Harris County, Texas.
  • 2016 – Terrorists attack a government hospital in Quetta, Pakistan with a suicide blast and shooting, killing between 70 and 94 people, and injuring around 130 others.

Births

  • 422Casper, ruler of the Maya city of Palenque
  • 1079Emperor Horikawa of Japan (d. 1107)
  • 1170Saint Dominic, founder of the Dominicans (d. 1221)
  • 1306Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1353)
  • 1492Matteo Tafuri, Italian alchemist (d. 1582)
  • 1518Conrad Lycosthenes, French-German scholar and author (d. 1561)Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 1558George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, English noble (d. 1605)
  • 1605Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, English lawyer and politician, Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1675)
  • 1640Amalia Catharina, German poet and composer (d. 1697)
  • 1646Godfrey Kneller, German-English painter (d. 1723)
  • 1673John Ker, Scottish spy (d. 1726)
  • 1693Laurent Belissen, French composer (d. 1762)
  • 1694Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher and academic (d. 1746)
  • 1709Hermann Anton Gelinek, German-Italian monk and violinist (d. 1779)
  • 1720Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish general and politician (d. 1796)
  • 1754Hipólito Ruiz López, Spanish botanist (d. 1816)
  • 1758Friedrich Georg Weitsch, German painter (d. 1828)
  • 1779Louis de Freycinet, French navigator and explorer (d. 1842)
  • 1790Ferenc Kölcsey, Hungarian poet, critic, and politician (d. 1838)
  • 1807Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish author (d. 1892)
  • 1814Esther Hobart Morris, American suffragette and judge (d. 1902)[6]
  • 1822George Stoneman, Jr., United States Army cavalry officer (d. 1894)
  • 1839Nelson A. Miles, American general (d. 1925)
  • 1851George Turner, Australian politician, 18th Premier of Victoria (d. 1916)
  • 1856Thomas Anstey Guthrie, English journalist and author (d. 1934)
  • 1857Cécile Chaminade, French pianist and composer (d. 1944)
  • 1863Jean Leon Gerome Ferris, American painter (d. 1930)[7]
  • 1866Matthew Henson, American explorer (d. 1955)
  • 1874Albert Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield, English businessman and politician, President of the Board of Trade (d. 1948)
  • 1875Arthur Bernardes, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 12th President of Brazil (d. 1955)
  • 1876Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly, Indian-Syrian priest, founded the Sisters of the Destitute (d. 1929)
  • 1879Bob Smith, American physician and surgeon, co-founded Alcoholics Anonymous (d. 1950)
  • 1879 – Emiliano Zapata, Mexican general and politician (d. 1919)
  • 1880Earle Page, Australian lawyer, academic, and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1961)[8][9]
  • 1881Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • 1882Ladislas Starevich, Russian-French animator, screenwriter, and cinematographer (d. 1965)
  • 1884Sara Teasdale, American poet and educator (d. 1933)
  • 1889Hans Egede Budtz, Danish actor (d. 1968)
  • 1889 – Jack Ryder, Australian cricketer (d. 1977)
  • 1891Adolf Busch, German violinist and composer (d. 1952)
  • 1896Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American author and academic (d. 1953)[10]
  • 1898Marguerite Bise, French chef (d. 1965)
  • 1901Ernest Lawrence, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1902Paul Dirac, English-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1904Achille Varzi, Italian racing driver (d. 1948)
  • 1905André Jolivet, French composer (d. 1974)
  • 1907Benny Carter, American saxophonist, trumpet player, and composer (d. 2003)
  • 1908Arthur Goldberg, American jurist and politician, 6th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 1990)
  • 1909Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham, English cricketer and politician, 9th Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1977)
  • 1909 – Jack Renshaw, Australian politician, 31st Premier of New South Wales (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – Bill Voce, England cricketer and coach (d. 1984)
  • 1910Jimmy Murphy, Welsh-English footballer and manager (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – Sylvia Sidney, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1911Rosetta LeNoire, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1915James Elliott, American runner and coach (d. 1981)
  • 1919Dino De Laurentiis, Italian actor and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1919 – John David Wilson, English animator and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1920Leo Chiosso, Italian songwriter and producer (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Jimmy Witherspoon, American jump blues singer (d. 1997)
  • 1921William Asher, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1921 – Webb Pierce, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Esther Williams, American swimmer and actress (d. 2013)
  • 1922Rory Calhoun, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Rudi Gernreich, Austrian-American fashion designer, created the Monokini (d. 1985)
  • 1922 – Gertrude Himmelfarb, American historian, author, and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1922 – Károly Reich, Hungarian illustrator (d. 1988)
  • 1925Alija Izetbegović, Bosnian lawyer and politician, 1st President of Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Aziz Sattar, Malaysian actor, comedian, singer and director (d. 2014)
  • 1926Richard Anderson, American actor and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1927Johnny Temple, American baseball player and coach (d. 1994)
  • 1927 – Maia Wojciechowska, Polish-American author (d. 2002)
  • 1928Don Burrows, Australian saxophonist, clarinet player, and flute player (d. 2020)
  • 1929Larisa Bogoraz, Russian linguist and activist (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Luis García Meza Tejada, Bolivian general and politician, 68th President of Bolivia (d. 2018)
  • 1930Terry Nation, Welsh-American author and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Jerry Tarkanian, American basketball player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1931Roger Penrose, English physicist, mathematician, and philosopher
  • 1932Mel Tillis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1933Joe Tex, American soul singer-songwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1934Sarat Pujari, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1935Donald P. Bellisario, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1935 – John Laws, Papua New Guinean-Australian singer and radio host
  • 1936Frank Howard, American baseball player and manager
  • 1936 – Jan Pieńkowski, Polish-English author and illustrator
  • 1937Dustin Hoffman, American actor and director
  • 1937 – Sheila Varian, American horse breeder (d. 2016)
  • 1937 – Cornelis Vreeswijk, Dutch-Swedish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1987)
  • 1938Jack Baldwin, English chemist and academic (d. 2020)
  • 1938 – Jacques Hétu, Canadian composer and educator (d. 2010)
  • 1938 – Connie Stevens, American actress and businesswoman
  • 1939Jana Andrsová, Czech actress and ballerina
  • 1939 – Viorica Viscopoleanu, Romanian long jumper
  • 1939 – Alexander Watson, American diplomat, United States Ambassador to Peru
  • 1940Dilip Sardesai, Indian cricketer (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – Dennis Tito, American engineer and businessman, founded Wilshire Associates
  • 1942James Blanchard, American diplomat and politician, 45th Governor of Michigan
  • 1942 – Dennis Canavan, Scottish educator and politician
  • 1942 – John Gustafson, English singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Vardo Rumessen, Estonian pianist and musicologist (d. 2015)
  • 1944John C. Holmes, American film actor (d. 1988)
  • 1944 – Michael Johnson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1944 – John Renbourn, English-Scottish guitarist and songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1944 – Simon Taylor, English journalist and author
  • 1946Joe Bethancourt, American singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1947Ken Dryden, Canadian ice hockey player, lawyer, and politician
  • 1947 – Larry Wilcox, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1948Svetlana Savitskaya, Russian engineer and astronaut
  • 1948 – Margaret Urban Walker, American philosopher
  • 1949Keith Carradine, American actor
  • 1949 – Ricardo Londoño, Colombian racing driver (d. 2009)
  • 1950Willie Hall, American drummer and producer
  • 1950 – Ken Kutaragi, Japanese businessman, created PlayStation
  • 1951Martin Brest, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Phil Carlson, Australian cricketer
  • 1951 – Mohamed Morsi, Egyptian engineer, academic, and politician, 5th President of Egypt (d. 2019)
  • 1951 – Mamoru Oshii, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Randy Shilts, American journalist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1951 – Louis van Gaal, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1952Anton Fig, South African-American drummer
  • 1952 – Jostein Gaarder, Norwegian author
  • 1952 – Doug Melvin, Canadian baseball player and manager
  • 1952 – Robin Quivers, American nurse, radio host/personality, and author
  • 1952 – Sudhakar Rao, Indian cricketer
  • 1953Nigel Mansell, English racing driver, 1992 F1 World Champion[11]
  • 1954Nick Holtam, English bishop
  • 1955Diddú, Icelandic singer-songwriter
  • 1955 – Herbert Prohaska, Austrian footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Michael Roe, Irish racing driver
  • 1956Chris Foreman, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1956 – David Grant, English singer
  • 1956 – Cecilia Roth, Argentinian actress
  • 1957Dennis Drew, American keyboard player
  • 1958Deborah Norville, American journalist
  • 1959Caroline Ansink, Dutch flute player, composer, and educator
  • 1960Mustafa Balbay, Turkish journalist and politician
  • 1960 – Ulrich Maly, German politician, 16th Mayor of Nuremberg
  • 1961The Edge, British-Irish musician, singer and songwriter
  • 1961 – Daniel House, American bass player and producer
  • 1961 – Ron Klain, American lawyer and politician, Chief of Staff to the Vice President of the United States
  • 1961 – Bruce Matthews, American football player and coach
  • 1961 – Rikki Rockett, American glam rock drummer
  • 1962Kool Moe Dee, American musician, singer and actor
  • 1963Hur Jin-ho, South Korean director and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Ron Karkovice, American baseball player and manager
  • 1963 – Emi Shinohara, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1963 – Jon Turteltaub, American director and producer
  • 1963 – Stephen Walkom, Canadian ice hockey player, referee, and manager
  • 1964Anastasia M. Ashman, American blogger and author
  • 1964 – Giuseppe Conte, Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1964 – Scott Sandelin, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1964 – Paul Taylor, English cricketer
  • 1965Angus Fraser, English cricketer, manager, and journalist
  • 1965 – Kate Langbroek, Australian talk show host
  • 1966Chris Eubank, English boxer
  • 1966 – John Hudek, American baseball player and coach
  • 1967Marcelo Balboa, American soccer player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1968Yvie Burnett, Scottish soprano
  • 1968 – Aldo Calderón van Dyke, Honduran journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1968 – Abey Kuruvilla, Indian cricketer and coach
  • 1968 – Huey Morgan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969Monika Tsõganova, Estonian chess player
  • 1969 – Faye Wong, Chinese singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1970Trev Alberts, American football player and journalist
  • 1970 – Ben G. Davis, English chemist and academic
  • 1970 – José Francisco Molina, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Chester Williams, South African rugby player and coach (d. 2019)
  • 1971Johnny Balentina, Dutch baseball player
  • 1972Joely Collins, Canadian actress and producer
  • 1972 – Andrea de Rossi, Italian rugby player and coach
  • 1972 – Axel Merckx, Belgian cyclist
  • 1972 – Steven Tweed, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1973Shane Lee, Australian cricketer and guitarist
  • 1973 – Gert Olesk, Estonian footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Scott Stapp, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1973 – Mark Wills, American singer-songwriter[12]
  • 1973 – Ilka Agricola, German mathematician
  • 1974Manjul Bhargava, Canadian-American mathematician and academic
  • 1974 – Scott D'Amore, Canadian wrestler and manager
  • 1974 – Brian Harvey, English singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Andy Priaulx, Guernseyan racing driver
  • 1975Mick Moss, English singer-songwriter
  • 1976JC Chasez, American singer and dancer
  • 1976 – Drew Lachey, American singer and actor
  • 1977Lindsay Sloane, American actress
  • 1977 – Darren Manzella, American sergeant (d. 2013)
  • 1977 – Rocky Thompson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1977 – Nicolas Vogondy, French cyclist
  • 1977 – Mohammad Wasim, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1978Alan Maybury, Irish footballer and coach
  • 1978 – Louis Saha, French footballer
  • 1978 – Miho Shiraishi, Japanese actress
  • 1979Richard Harwood, English cellist
  • 1979 – Rashard Lewis, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Richard Lyons, Northern Irish racing driver
  • 1980Craig Breslow, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Jack Cassel, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Denisse Guerrero, Mexican singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Mike Hindert, American singer and bass player
  • 1980 – Sabine Klaschka, German tennis player
  • 1980 – Diego Markwell, Dutch baseball player
  • 1980 – Pat Noonan, American soccer player
  • 1980 – Michael Urie, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1981Vanessa Amorosi, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Roger Federer, Swiss tennis player
  • 1981 – Meagan Good, American actress and producer
  • 1981 – Harel Skaat, Israeli singer-songwriter
  • 1982David Florence, English canoe racer
  • 1982 – Ross Ohlendorf, American baseball player
  • 1983Guy Burnet, English actor and producer
  • 1983 – Willie Tonga, Australian rugby league player
  • 1984Kirk Broadfoot, Scottish footballer
  • 1984 – Norbert Michelisz, Hungarian racing driver
  • 1984 – Martrez Milner, American football player
  • 1985Toby Flood, English rugby player
  • 1985 – Ryan Koolwijk, Dutch footballer
  • 1985 – James Morgan, Welsh actor and producer
  • 1985 – Brett Ratliff, American football player
  • 1985 – Anita Włodarczyk, Polish track and field athlete
  • 1986Kateryna Bondarenko, Ukrainian tennis player
  • 1986 – Pierre Garçon, American football player
  • 1986 – Chris Pressley, American football player
  • 1987Pierre Boulanger, French actor
  • 1987 – Tatjana Malek, German tennis player
  • 1988Princess Beatrice of York[13]
  • 1988 – Danilo Gallinari, Italian basketball player
  • 1988 – Rinku Singh, Indian baseball player
  • 1988 – Laura Slade Wiggins, American actress and singer
  • 1989Ken Baumann, American actor and author
  • 1989 – Anthony Rizzo, American baseball player
  • 1989 – Hannah Miley, English-Scottish swimmer
  • 1989 – Prajakta Mali, Indian actress
  • 1990Vladimír Darida, Czech footballer
  • 1990 – Parker Kligerman, American race car driver
  • 1990 – Aleksandra Szwed, Polish actress and singer
  • 1990 – Kane Williamson, New Zealand cricket captain
  • 1991Nélson Oliveira, Portuguese footballer
  • 1991 – Tyrone Peachey, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992Josip Drmić, Swiss footballer
  • 1998Shawn Mendes, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 2000Félix Auger-Aliassime, Canadian tennis player [14]

Deaths

  • 117Trajan, Roman emperor (b. 53)
  • 753Hildegar, bishop of Cologne
  • 869Lothair II, Frankish king (b. 835)
  • 998Seo Hui, Korean politician and diplomat (b. 942)
  • 1002Almanzor, chief minister and de facto ruler of Córdoba
  • 1171Henry of Blois, bishop of Winchester (b. 1111)
  • 1303Henry of Castile the Senator, Spanish nobleman (b. 1230)
  • 1533Lucas van Leyden, Dutch artist (b. 1494)
  • 1555Oronce Finé, French mathematician and cartographer (b. 1494)
  • 1588Alonso Sánchez Coello, Spanish painter (b. 1532)
  • 1604Horio Tadauji, Japanese daimyō (b. 1578)
  • 1616Cornelis Ketel, Dutch painter (b. 1548)
  • 1631Konstantinas Sirvydas, Lithuanian priest, lexicographer, and academic (b. 1579)
  • 1684George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer, English politician (b. 1622)
  • 1719Christoph Ludwig Agricola, German painter (b. 1667)
  • 1747Madeleine de Verchères, Canadian raid leader (b. 1678)
  • 1746Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher (b. 1694)
  • 1759Carl Heinrich Graun, German tenor and composer (b. 1704)
  • 1827George Canning, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1770)
  • 1828Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish botanist and psychologist (b. 1743)
  • 1858Marie-Claire Heureuse Félicité Bonheur, Haitian Empress (b. 1758)
  • 1863Angus MacAskill, Scottish-Canadian giant (b. 1825)
  • 1879Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher and academic (b. 1797)
  • 1887Alexander William Doniphan, American colonel, lawyer, and politician (b. 1808)
  • 1897Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss historian and academic (b. 1818)
  • 1898Eugène Boudin, French painter (b. 1824)
  • 1902James Tissot, French painter and illustrator (b. 1836)
  • 1902 – John Henry Twachtman, American painter and academic (b. 1853)
  • 1909Mary MacKillop, Australian nun and saint, co-founded the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart (b. 1842)[15]
  • 1911William P. Frye, American lawyer and politician (b. 1830)
  • 1920Eduard Birnbaum, Polish-born German cantor (b. 1855)[16]
  • 1921Juhani Aho, Finnish journalist and author (b. 1861)
  • 1928Stjepan Radić, Croatian politician (b. 1871)
  • 1930Launceston Elliot, Scottish wrestler and weightlifter (b. 1874)
  • 1934Wilbert Robinson, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1863)
  • 1937Jimmie Guthrie, Scottish motorcycle racer (b. 1897)
  • 1940Johnny Dodds, American clarinet player and saxophonist (b. 1892)
  • 1944Erwin von Witzleben, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1944 – Michael Wittmann, German commander (b. 1914)
  • 1947Anton Denikin, Russian general (b. 1872)
  • 1950Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman, founded Qantas (b. 1879)
  • 1959Albert Namatjira, Australian painter (b. 1902)
  • 1965Shirley Jackson, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1916)
  • 1969Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German biologist and eugenicist (b. 1896)
  • 1971Freddie Spencer Chapman, English lieutenant (b. 1907)
  • 1973Vilhelm Moberg, Swedish historian and author (b. 1898)
  • 1974Elisabeth Abegg, German anti-Nazi resistance fighter (b. 1882)[17]
  • 1975Cannonball Adderley, American saxophonist (b. 1928)
  • 1979Nicholas Monsarrat, English lieutenant and author (b. 1910)
  • 1980Paul Triquet, Canadian general, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1910)
  • 1981Thomas McElwee, Irish republican and PIRA volunteer (b. 1957)
  • 1982Eric Brandon, English racing driver and businessman (b. 1920)
  • 1984Richard Deacon, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 1984 – Ellen Raskin, American author and illustrator (b. 1928)
  • 1985Louise Brooks, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1987Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician and physicist (b. 1903)
  • 1988Félix Leclerc, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Alan Napier, English actor (b. 1903)
  • 1991James Irwin, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 1992Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian religious leader and scholar (b. 1899)
  • 1996Nevill Francis Mott, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1996 – Jüri Randviir, Estonian chess player and journalist (b. 1927)
  • 1998Mahmoud Saremi, Iranian journalist (b. 1968)
  • 2003Dirk Hoogendam, Dutch-German SS officer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Falaba Issa Traoré, Malian director and playwright (b. 1930)
  • 2004Leon Golub, American painter and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Fay Wray, Canadian-American actress (b. 1907)
  • 2005Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Ahmed Deedat, South African missionary and author (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – John H. Johnson, American publisher, founded the Johnson Publishing Company (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Gene Mauch, American baseball player and manager (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Dean Rockwell, American commander, wrestler, and coach (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Monica Sjöö, Swedish-English painter (b. 1938)
  • 2007Ma Lik, Chinese journalist and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Melville Shavelson, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 2008Orville Moody, American golfer (b. 1933)
  • 2009Daniel Jarque, Spanish footballer (b. 1983)
  • 2010Patricia Neal, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 2012Fay Ajzenberg-Selove, German-American physicist and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Ruth Etchells, English poet and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Surya Lesmana, Indonesian footballer and manager (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Kurt Maetzig, German director and screenwriter (b. 1911)
  • 2013Karen Black, American actress (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Johannes Bluyssen, Dutch bishop (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Fernando Castro Pacheco, Mexican painter, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Igor Kurnosov, Russian chess player (b. 1985)[18]
  • 2013 – Regina Resnik, American soprano and actress (b. 1922)
  • 2014Menahem Golan, Israeli director and producer (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Charles Keating, English-American actor (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Leonardo Legaspi, Filipino archbishop (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – Peter Sculthorpe, Australian composer and conductor (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Red Wilson, American football and baseball player (b. 1929)
  • 2015Sean Price, American rapper (b. 1972)
  • 2015 – Gus Mortson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2017Glen Campbell, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1936)[19]
  • 2018Nicholas Bett, Kenyan track and field athlete (b. 1990) [20]
  • 2020Gabriel Ochoa Uribe, Colombian football player and manager (b. 1929)[21]

Holidays and observances

  • Ceasefire Day (end of Iran-Iraq War)[22] (Iraqi Kurdistan)
  • Christian Feast Day:
    • Altmann of Passau
    • Cyriacus
    • Dominic de Guzmán, founder of the Dominican Order.
    • Four Crowned Martyrs
    • Pope Hormisdas
    • Largus
    • Mary MacKillop
    • Smaragdus (and companions)
    • August 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which Children's Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in August. (Argentina)
  • Earliest day on which Defence Forces Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Tuesday in August. (Zimbabwe)
  • Earliest day on which Father's Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in August. (Brazil, Samoa)
  • Earliest day on which Heroes' Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Monday in August. (Zimbabwe)
  • Earliest day on which Melon Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Sunday in August. (Turkmenistan)
  • Earliest day on which Sports Day can fall, while August 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Saturday in August. (Russia)
  • Father's Day or Bā bā Day (爸爸節), Bā Bā is Mandarin for "father" and "8-8", or August 8. (Mongolia, Taiwan)
  • Happiness Happens Day
  • International Cat Day
  • Namesday of the Queen (Sweden)
  • Nane Nane Day (Tanzania)
  • Signal Troops Day (Ukraine)

References

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  22. National holidays and key dates in the Kurdistan Region’s history

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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