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Events

  • 1284 – The Republic of Pisa is defeated in the Battle of Meloria by the Republic of Genoa, thus losing its naval dominance in the Mediterranean.[1]
  • 1538Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada.[2]
  • 1661 – The Treaty of The Hague is signed by Portugal and the Dutch Republic.
  • 1777American Revolutionary War: The bloody Battle of Oriskany prevents American relief of the Siege of Fort Stanwix.
  • 1787 – Sixty proof sheets of the Constitution of the United States are delivered to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1806Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, declares the moribund empire to be dissolved, although he retains power in the Austrian Empire.
  • 1819Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.
  • 1824Peruvian War of Independence: The Battle of Junín.
  • 1825 – The Bolivian Declaration of Independence is proclaimed.
  • 1861 – Britain imposes the Lagos Treaty of Cession to suppress slavery in what is now Nigeria.
  • 1862American Civil War: The Confederate ironclad Template:Ship is scuttled on the Mississippi River after suffering catastrophic engine failure near Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
  • 1870Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Spicheren is fought, resulting in a Prussian victory.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Wörth results in a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1890 – At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the first person to be executed by electric chair.
  • 1901Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation.
  • 1912 – The Bull Moose Party meets at the Chicago Coliseum.
  • 1914World War I: First Battle of the Atlantic: Two days after the United Kingdom had declared war on Germany over the German invasion of Belgium, ten German U-boats leave their base in Heligoland to attack Royal Navy warships in the North Sea.
  • 1914 – World War I: Serbia declares war on Germany; Austria declares war on Russia.
  • 1915 – World War I: Battle of Sari Bair: The Allies mount a diversionary attack timed to coincide with a major Allied landing of reinforcements at Suvla Bay.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Mărășești between the Romanian and German armies begins.
  • 1926Gertrude Ederle becomes the first woman to swim across the English Channel.
  • 1926 – In New York City, the Warner Bros.' Vitaphone system premieres with the movie Don Juan starring John Barrymore.
  • 1940Estonia is illegally annexed by the Soviet Union.
  • 1942 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands becomes the first reigning queen to address a joint session of the United States Congress.
  • 1944 – The Warsaw Uprising occurs on August 1. It is brutally suppressed and all able-bodied men in Kraków are detained afterwards to prevent a similar uprising, the Kraków Uprising, that was planned but never carried out.
  • 1945World War II: Hiroshima, Japan is devastated when the atomic bomb "Little Boy" is dropped by the United States B-29 Enola Gay. Around 70,000 people are killed instantly, and some tens of thousands die in subsequent years from burns and radiation poisoning.
  • 1956 – After going bankrupt in 1955, the American broadcaster DuMont Television Network makes its final broadcast, a boxing match from St. Nicholas Arena in New York in the Boxing from St. Nicholas Arena series.
  • 1960Cuban Revolution: Cuba nationalizes American and foreign-owned property in the nation.
  • 1962Jamaica becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1965 – US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
  • 1986 – A low-pressure system that redeveloped off the New South Wales coast dumps a record 328 millimeters (13 inches) of rain in a day on Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
  • 1990Gulf War: The United Nations Security Council orders a global trade embargo against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
  • 1991Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the World Wide Web. WWW debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet.
  • 1991 – Takako Doi, chair of the Social Democratic Party, becomes Japan's first female speaker of the House of Representatives.
  • 1996The Ramones played their farewell concert at The Palace, Los Angeles, CA.
  • 1996 – NASA announces that the ALH 84001 meteorite, thought to originate from Mars, contains evidence of primitive life-forms.
  • 1997Korean Air Flight 801 crashed at Nimitz Hill, Guam killing 229 of 254 people on board.
  • 2001Erwadi fire incident, 28 mentally ill persons tied to a chain were burnt to death at a faith based institution at Erwadi, Tamil Nadu.
  • 2008 – A military junta led by Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz stages a coup d'état in Mauritania, overthrowing president Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi.
  • 2010Flash floods across a large part of Jammu and Kashmir, India, damages 71 towns and kills at least 255 people.
  • 2011War in Afghanistan: A United States military helicopter is shot down, killing 30 American special forces members and a working dog, seven Afghan soldiers, and one Afghan civilian. It was the deadliest single event for the United States in the War in Afghanistan.
  • 2012NASA's Curiosity rover lands on the surface of Mars.
  • 2015 – A suicide bomb attack kills at least 15 people at a mosque in the Saudi city of Abha.

Births

  • 1180Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (d. 1239)
  • 1504Matthew Parker, English archbishop (d. 1575)
  • 1572Fakhr-al-Din II, Ottoman prince (d. 1635)
  • 1605Bulstrode Whitelocke, English lawyer (d. 1675)
  • 1609Richard Bennett, English-American politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia (d. 1675)
  • 1619Barbara Strozzi, Italian composer and singer-songwriter (d. 1677)[3]
  • 1622Tjerk Hiddes de Vries, Dutch admiral (d. 1666)
  • 1638Nicolas Malebranche, French priest and philosopher (d. 1715)
  • 1644Louise de La Vallière, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (d. 1710)[4]
  • 1651François Fénelon, French archbishop and poet (d. 1715)
  • 1656Claude de Forbin, French general (d. 1733)
  • 1666Maria Sophia of Neuburg (d. 1699)
  • 1667Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (d. 1748)
  • 1697Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1745)
  • 1715Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French author (d. 1747)
  • 1765Petros Mavromichalis, Greek general and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1848)
  • 1766William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist and physicist (d. 1828)
  • 1768Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French general and politician (d. 1813)
  • 1775Daniel O'Connell, Irish lawyer and politician, Lord Mayor of Dublin (d. 1847)
  • 1809Alfred, Lord Tennyson, English poet (d. 1892)[5]1826Thomas Alexander Browne, English-Australian author (d. 1915)
  • 1835Hjalmar Kiærskou, Danish botanist (d. 1900)
  • 1844Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1900)
  • 1844 – James Henry Greathead, South African-English engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1848Susie Taylor, American writer and first black Army nurse (d. 1912)[6]
  • 1846Anna Haining Bates, Canadian-American giant (d. 1888)
  • 1868Paul Claudel, French poet and playwright (d. 1955)[7]
  • 1874Charles Fort, American author (d. 1932)
  • 1877Wallace H. White Jr., American lawyer and politician (d. 1952)
  • 1880Hans Moser, Austrian actor and singer (d. 1964)
  • 1881Leo Carrillo, American actor (d. 1961)
  • 1881 – Alexander Fleming, Scottish biologist, pharmacologist, and botanist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1881 – Louella Parsons, American journalist (d. 1972)
  • 1883Scott Nearing, American economist and educator (d. 1983)
  • 1886Edward Ballantine, American composer and academic (d. 1971)
  • 1887Dudley Benjafield, English racing driver (d. 1957)
  • 1889George Kenney, Canadian-American general (d. 1977)
  • 1889 – John Middleton Murry, English poet and author (d. 1957)
  • 1890Wentworth Beaumont, 2nd Viscount Allendale, English captain and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland (d. 1956)
  • 1891William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim, English field marshal and politician, 13th Governor-General of Australia (d. 1970)
  • 1892Hoot Gibson, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1962)
  • 1893Wright Patman, American lieutenant and politician (d. 1976)
  • 1895Ernesto Lecuona, Cuban pianist and composer (d. 1963)
  • 1895 – Frank Nicklin, Australian politician, 28th Premier of Queensland (d. 1978)
  • 1900Cecil Howard Green, English-American geophysicist and businessman, co-founded Texas Instruments (d. 2003)
  • 1902Dutch Schultz, American gangster (d. 1935)
  • 1903Virginia Foster Durr, American civil rights activist (d. 1999)[8]
  • 1904Jean Dessès, Greek-Egyptian fashion designer (d. 1970)
  • 1904 – Henry Iba, American basketball player and coach (d. 1993)
  • 1906Vic Dickenson, American trombonist (d. 1984)
  • 1908Maria Ludwika Bernhard, Polish classical archaeologist and a member of WWII Polish resistance (d. 1998)[9]
  • 1908 – Helen Jacobs, American tennis player and commander (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Lajos Vajda, Hungarian painter and illustrator (d. 1941)
  • 1909Diana Keppel, Countess of Albemarle (d. 2013)
  • 1910Adoniran Barbosa, Brazilian musician, singer, composer, humorist, and actor (d. 1982)
  • 1910 – Charles Crichton, English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1911Lucille Ball, American actress, television producer and businesswoman (d. 1989)[10]
  • 1911 – Norman Gordon, South African cricketer (d. 2014)
  • 1911 – Constance Heaven, English author and actress (d. 1995)
  • 1912Richard C. Miller, American photographer (d. 2010)
  • 1914Gordon Freeth, Australian lawyer and politician, 24th Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs (d. 2001)
  • 1916Richard Hofstadter, American historian and academic (d. 1970)
  • 1916 – Dom Mintoff, Maltese journalist and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Malta (d. 2012)
  • 1917Barbara Cooney, American author and illustrator (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Robert Mitchum, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1918Norman Granz, American-Swiss record producer and manager (d. 2001)
  • 1919Pauline Betz, American tennis player (d. 2011)
  • 1920Selma Diamond, Canadian-American actress and screenwriter (d. 1985)
  • 1920 – John Graves, American author (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Ella Raines, American actress (d. 1988)
  • 1922Freddie Laker, English businessman, founded Laker Airways (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Dan Walker, American lawyer and politician, 36th Governor of Illinois (d. 2015)
  • 1923Jess Collins, American painter (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Paul Hellyer, Canadian engineer and politician, 16th Canadian Minister of Defence
  • 1924Samuel Bowers, American activist, co-founded the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan (d. 2006)
  • 1926Elisabeth Beresford, French-English journalist and author (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – Frank Finlay, English actor (d. 2016)
  • 1926 – Clem Labine, American baseball player and manager (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – János Rózsás, Hungarian author (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Norman Wexler, American screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1928Herb Moford, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Andy Warhol, American painter and photographer (d. 1987)
  • 1929Mike Elliott, Jamaican saxophonist
  • 1929 – Roch La Salle, Canadian politician, 42nd Canadian Minister of Public Works (d. 2007)
  • 1930Abbey Lincoln, American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2010)
  • 1931Chalmers Johnson, American scholar and author (d. 2010)
  • 1932Michael Deeley, English screenwriter and producer
  • 1932 – Howard Hodgkin, English painter (d. 2017)[11]
  • 1932 – Charles Wood, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 2020)
  • 1933A. G. Kripal Singh, Indian cricketer (d. 1987)
  • 1934Piers Anthony, English-American soldier and author
  • 1934 – Chris Bonington, English mountaineer and author
  • 1934 – Billy Boston, Welsh rugby player and soldier
  • 1935Fortunato Baldelli, Italian cardinal (d. 2012)
  • 1935 – Octavio Getino, Spanish-Argentinian director and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1937Baden Powell de Aquino, Brazilian guitarist and composer (d. 2000)
  • 1937 – Charlie Haden, American bassist and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1937 – Barbara Windsor, English actress
  • 1938Paul Bartel, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1938 – Peter Bonerz, American actor and director
  • 1938 – Bert Yancey, American golfer (d. 1994)
  • 1940Mukhu Aliyev, Russian philologist and politician, 2nd President of Dagestan
  • 1940 – Egil Kapstad, Norwegian pianist and composer (d. 2017)
  • 1940 – Louise Sorel, American actress
  • 1941Ray Culp, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Andrew Green, Baron Green of Deddington, English diplomat
  • 1942Byard Lancaster, American saxophonist and flute player (d. 2012)
  • 1943Jon Postel, American computer scientist and academic (d. 1998)
  • 1944Inday Badiday, Filipino journalist and actress (d. 2003)
  • 1944 – Michael Mingos, English chemist and academic
  • 1944 – Martin Wharton, English bishop
  • 1945Ron Jones, English director and production manager (d. 1993)
  • 1946Allan Holdsworth, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1947Radhia Cousot, French computer scientist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1947 – Tony Dell, English-Australian cricketer and soldier
  • 1948William McCrea, Northern Irish politician
  • 1949Dino Bravo, Italian-Canadian wrestler (d. 1993)
  • 1949 – Richard Prince, American painter and photographer
  • 1949 – Clarence Richard Silva, American bishop
  • 1950Dorian Harewood, American actor
  • 1951Catherine Hicks, American actress
  • 1951 – Daryl Somers, Australian television host and singer
  • 1952Pat MacDonald, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – David McLetchie, Scottish lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1952 – Ton Scherpenzeel, Dutch keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1954Mark Hughes, English-Australian rugby league player
  • 1956Bill Emmott, English journalist and author
  • 1957Bob Horner, American baseball player
  • 1957 – Jim McGreevey, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of New Jersey
  • 1958 – Randy DeBarge, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1959Rajendra Singh, Indian environmentalist
  • 1960Dale Ellis, American basketball player
  • 1961Mary Ann Sieghart, English journalist and radio host
  • 1962Michelle Yeoh, Malaysian-Hong Kong actress and producer[12]
  • 1963Charles Ingram, English soldier, author, and game show contestant
  • 1963 – Kevin Mitnick, American computer hacker and author
  • 1964Kemi Omololu-Olunloyo, Nigerian journalist, activist, social media expert, and pharmacist
  • 1965Stéphane Peterhansel, French racing driver
  • 1965 – Yuki Kajiura, Japanese pianist and composer
  • 1965 – David Robinson, American basketball player and lieutenant[13]
  • 1965 – Vince Wells, English cricketer
  • 1967Lorna Fitzsimons, English businesswoman and politician
  • 1967 – Mike Greenberg, American journalist and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Julie Snyder, Canadian talk show host and producer
  • 1968Jack de Gier, Dutch footballer
  • 1969Simon Doull, New Zealand cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Elliott Smith, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2003)
  • 1970M. Night Shyamalan, Indian-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1972Paolo Bacigalupi, American author
  • 1972 – Darren Eales, English footballer and lawyer
  • 1972 – Geri Halliwell, English singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1972 – Ray Lucas, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1973Vera Farmiga, American actress
  • 1973 – Max Kellerman, American sportscaster and radio host
  • 1973 – Iain Morris, English screenwriter and producer
  • 1973 – Stuart O'Grady, Australian cyclist
  • 1974Bobby Petta, Dutch footballer
  • 1974 – Luis Vizcaíno, Dominican baseball player
  • 1974 – Alvin Williams, American basketball player and coach
  • 1975Jason Crump, English-Australian motorcycle racer
  • 1975 – Renate Götschl, Austrian skier
  • 1975 – Víctor Zambrano, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1976Soleil Moon Frye, American actress and producer
  • 1976 – Melissa George, Australian-American actress
  • 1976 – Adam Ritson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1976 – Shaun Timmins, Australian rugby league player
  • 1977Leandro Amaral, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Rebecca Maddern, Australian journalist and television host
  • 1977 – Jimmy Nielsen, Danish footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Luciano Zavagno, Argentinian footballer
  • 1978Marvel Smith, American football player
  • 1979Francesco Bellotti, Italian cyclist
  • 1979 – Jaime Correa, Mexican footballer
  • 1979 – Travis Reed, American basketball player
  • 1980Danny Collins, English-Welsh footballer
  • 1980 – Seneca Wallace, American football player
  • 1980 – Roman Weidenfeller, German footballer
  • 1980 – Vitantonio Liuzzi, Italian racing driver
  • 1981Diána Póth, Hungarian figure skater
  • 1983Neil Harvey, English-Barbadian footballer
  • 1983 – C. J. Mosley, American football player
  • 1983 – Robin van Persie, Dutch footballer
  • 1984Vedad Ibišević, Bosnian footballer
  • 1984 – Jesse Ryder, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1985Viktoria Baškite, Estonian chess player
  • 1985 – Mickaël Delage, French cyclist
  • 1985 – Bafétimbi Gomis, French footballer
  • 1985 – Garrett Weber-Gale, American swimmer
  • 1986Mehmet Akgün, Turkish footballer
  • 1986 – Raphael Pyrasch, German rugby player
  • 1987Leanne Crichton, Scottish footballer[14]
  • 1991Jiao Liuyang, Chinese swimmer

Deaths

  • 258Pope Sixtus II[15]
  • 523Pope Hormisdas (b. 450)[16]
  • 750Marwan II, Umayyad general and caliph (b. 688)
  • 1027Richard III, Duke of Normandy
  • 1162Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona (b. 1113)
  • 1195Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria (b. 1129)
  • 1221Saint Dominic, Spanish priest, founded the Dominican Order (b. 1170)
  • 1272Stephen V of Hungary (b. 1239)
  • 1384Francesco I of Lesbos
  • 1412Margherita of Durazzo, Queen consort of Charles III of Naples (b. 1347)[17]
  • 1414Ladislaus of Naples (b. 1377)
  • 1458Pope Callixtus III (b. 1378)
  • 1530Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (b. 1458)
  • 1553Girolamo Fracastoro, Italian physician (b. 1478)
  • 1628Johannes Junius, German lawyer and politician (b. 1573)
  • 1637Ben Jonson, English poet and playwright (b. 1572)
  • 1645Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex, English merchant and politician (b. 1575)
  • 1657Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Ukrainian soldier and politician, 1st Hetman of Zaporizhian Host (b. 1595)
  • 1660Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter and educator (b. 1599)
  • 1666Tjerk Hiddes de Vries, Frisian naval hero and commander (b. 1622)
  • 1679John Snell, Scottish-English soldier and philanthropist, founded the Snell Exhibition (b. 1629)
  • 1694Antoine Arnauld, French mathematician and philosopher (b. 1612)
  • 1695François de Harlay de Champvallon, French archbishop (b. 1625)
  • 1753Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Estonian-Russian physicist and academic (b. 1711)
  • 1757Ádám Mányoki, Hungarian painter (b. 1673)
  • 1794Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, English lawyer and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1714)
  • 1815James A. Bayard, American lawyer and politician (b. 1767)
  • 1828Konstantin von Benckendorff, Russian general and diplomat (b. 1785)
  • 1850Edward Walsh, Irish poet and songwriter (b. 1805)
  • 1866John Mason Neale, English priest, scholar, and hymnwriter (b. 1818)
  • 1881James Springer White, American religious leader, co-founded the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b. 1821)
  • 1893Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, Swiss lawyer and politician (b. 1811)
  • 1904Eduard Hanslick, Austrian author and critic (b. 1825)
  • 1906George Waterhouse, English-New Zealand politician, 7th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1824)
  • 1915Jennie de la Montagnie Lozier, American physician (b. 1841)
  • 1920Stefan Bastyr, Polish pilot and author (b. 1890)
  • 1925Surendranath Banerjee, Indian academic and politician (b. 1848)
  • 1925 – Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro, Italian mathematician (b. 1853)
  • 1931Bix Beiderbecke, American cornet player, pianist, and composer (b. 1903)
  • 1945Richard Bong, American soldier and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1920)
  • 1945 – Hiram Johnson, American lawyer and politician, 23rd Governor of California (b. 1866)
  • 1946Tony Lazzeri, American baseball player and coach (b. 1903)
  • 1952Betty Allan, Australian statistician and biometrician (b. 1905)[18]
  • 1959Preston Sturges, American director, screenwriter, and playwright (b. 1898)
  • 1964Cedric Hardwicke, English actor and director (b. 1893)
  • 1969Theodor W. Adorno, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1903)
  • 1970Nikos Tsiforos, Greek director and screenwriter (b. 1912)
  • 1973Fulgencio Batista, Cuban colonel and politician, 9th President of Cuba (b. 1901)
  • 1976Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian-American cellist and educator (b. 1903)
  • 1978Pope Paul VI (b. 1897)[19][20]
  • 1978 – Edward Durell Stone, American architect, designed Radio City Music Hall and the Kennedy Center (b. 1902)
  • 1979Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, German biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1983Klaus Nomi, German singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1944)
  • 1985Forbes Burnham, Guyanese politician, 2nd President of Guyana (b. 1923)
  • 1986Emilio Fernández, Mexican actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1904)
  • 1987Ira C. Eaker, American general (b. 1896)
  • 1990Jacques Soustelle, French anthropologist and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1991Shapour Bakhtiar, Iranian soldier and politician, 74th Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1915)[21]
  • 1991 – Roland Michener, Canadian lawyer and politician, 20th Governor General of Canada (b. 1900)[22]
  • 1991 – Harry Reasoner, American journalist, co-created 60 Minutes (b. 1923)
  • 1992Leszek Błażyński, Polish boxer (b. 1949)
  • 1993Tex Hughson, American baseball player (b. 1916)
  • 1994Domenico Modugno, Italian singer-songwriter and politician (b. 1928)
  • 1997Shin Ki-ha, South Korean lawyer and politician (b. 1941)
  • 1998André Weil, French-American mathematician and academic (b. 1906)
  • 2001Jorge Amado, Brazilian novelist and poet (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Adhar Kumar Chatterji, Indian Naval officer (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Wilhelm Mohnke, German general (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – Shan Ratnam, Sri Lankan physician and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Dorothy Tutin, English actress (b. 1930)
  • 2002Edsger W. Dijkstra, Dutch physicist, computer scientist, and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2003Julius Baker, American flute player and educator (b. 1915)
  • 2004Rick James, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Donald Justice, American poet and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2005Robin Cook, Scottish educator and politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (b. 1946)
  • 2007Zsolt Daczi, Hungarian guitarist (b. 1969)
  • 2008Angelos Kitsos, Greek lawyer and author (b. 1934)
  • 2009Riccardo Cassin, Italian mountaineer and author (b. 1909)
  • 2009 – Willy DeVille, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1950)
  • 2009 – John Hughes, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1950)
  • 2011Fe del Mundo, Filipino pediatrician and educator (b. 1911)
  • 2012Richard Cragun, American-Brazilian ballet dancer and choreographer (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Marvin Hamlisch, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Robert Hughes, Australian-American author and critic (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Bernard Lovell, English physicist and astronomer (b. 1913)
  • 2012 – Mark O'Donnell, American playwright (b. 1954)
  • 2012 – Ruggiero Ricci, American violinist and educator (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Dan Roundfield, American basketball player (b. 1953)
  • 2013Stan Lynde, American author and illustrator (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Mava Lee Thomas, American baseball player (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Jerry Wolman, American businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2014Ralph Bryans, Northern Irish motorcycle racer (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Ananda W.P. Guruge, Sri Lankan scholar and diplomat (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – John Woodland Hastings, American biochemist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2015Ray Hill, American football player (b. 1975)
  • 2015 – Orna Porat, German-Israeli actress (b. 1924)
  • 2017Betty Cuthbert, Australian sprinter (b. 1938)
  • 2017 – Darren Daulton, American baseball player (b. 1962)[23]
  • 2018Joël Robuchon, French Chef (b. 1945) [24]
  • 2018 – Margaret Heckler, American politician (b. 1931) [25]
  • 2018 – Anya Krugovoy Silver, American poet (b. 1968) [26]

Holidays and observances

    • Blessed Anna Maria Rubatto
    • Hormisdas
    • Justus and Pastor
    • August 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • H.H. Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan's Accession Day. (United Arab Emirates)
  • Independence Day (Bolivia), celebrates the independence of Bolivia from Spain in 1825.
  • Independence Day (Jamaica), celebrates the independence of Jamaica from the United Kingdom in 1962.
  • Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony (Hiroshima, Japan)
  • Russian Railway Troops Day (Russia)

References

  1. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  2. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  3. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  4. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  5. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  6. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  7. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  8. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  9. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  10. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  11. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  12. Encyclopædia Britannica Almanac 2010, p. 75
  13. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  14. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  15. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  16. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  17. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  18. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  19. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  20. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  21. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  22. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  23. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  24. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  25. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  26. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".

Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".

External links

Script error: No such module "Side box".

  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  • Template:NYT On this day
  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".


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