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[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".August 5 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 148 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • AD 25Guangwu claims the throne as Emperor of China, restoring the Han dynasty after the collapse of the short-lived Xin dynasty.
  • 135 – Roman armies enter Betar, slaughtering thousands and ending the bar Kokhba revolt.
  • 642Battle of Maserfield: Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald of Northumbria.
  • 910 – The last major Danish army to raid England for nearly a century is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward the Elder and Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians.
  • 939 – The Battle of Alhandic is fought between Ramiro II of León and Abd-ar-Rahman III at Zamora in the context of the Spanish Reconquista. The battle resulted in a victory for the Emirate of Córdoba.
  • 1068Byzantine–Norman wars: Italo-Normans begin a nearly-three-year siege of Bari.
  • 1100Henry I is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.[1]
  • 1278Spanish Reconquista: the forces of the Kingdom of Castile initiate the ultimately futile Siege of Algeciras against the Emirate of Granada.
  • 1388 – The Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England, is fought near Otterburn.[2]
  • 1506 – The Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Crimean Khanate in the Battle of Kletsk.[3]
  • 1583 – Sir Humphrey Gilbert establishes the first English colony in North America, at what is now St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • 1600 – The Gowrie Conspiracy against King James VI of Scotland (later to become King James I of England) takes place.
  • 1620 – The Mayflower departs from Southampton, England, carrying would-be settlers, on its first attempt to reach North America; it is forced to dock in Dartmouth when its companion ship, the Speedwell, springs a leak.[4]
  • 1689Beaver Wars: Fifteen hundred Iroquois attack Lachine in New France.
  • 1716Austro-Turkish War (1716–1718): One-fifth of a Turkish army and the Grand Vizier are killed in the Battle of Petrovaradin.
  • 1735Freedom of the press: New York Weekly Journal writer John Peter Zenger is acquitted of seditious libel against the royal governor of New York, on the basis that what he had published was true.
  • 1763Pontiac's War: Battle of Bushy Run: British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run.
  • 1781 – The Battle of Dogger Bank takes place.
  • 1796 – The Battle of Castiglione in Napoleon's first Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars.
  • 1816 – The British Admiralty dismisses Francis Ronalds's new invention of the first working electric telegraph as "wholly unnecessary", preferring to continue using the semaphore.
  • 1824Greek War of Independence: Constantine Kanaris leads a Greek fleet to victory against Ottoman and Egyptian naval forces in the Battle of Samos.
  • 1858Cyrus West Field and others complete the first transatlantic telegraph cable after several unsuccessful attempts. It will operate for less than a month.
  • 1860Charles XV of Sweden of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway in Trondheim.
  • 1861American Civil War: In order to help pay for the war effort, the United States government levies the first income tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1861 (3% of all incomes over US$800; rescinded in 1872).
  • 1861 – The United States Army abolishes flogging.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Baton Rouge: Along the Mississippi River near Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Confederate troops attempt to take the city, but are driven back by fire from Union gunboats.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Mobile Bay begins at Mobile Bay near Mobile, Alabama, Admiral David Farragut leads a Union flotilla through Confederate defenses and seals one of the last major Southern ports.
  • 1874 – Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in the United Kingdom.
  • 1884 – The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe's Island (now Liberty Island) in New York Harbor.
  • 1888Bertha Benz drives from Mannheim to Pforzheim and back in the first long distance automobile trip, commemorated as the Bertha Benz Memorial Route since 2008.
  • 1901Peter O'Connor sets the first IAAF recognised long jump world record of Script error: No such module "convert"., a record that would stand for 20 years.
  • 1906Persian Constitutional Revolution: Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar, King of Iran, agrees to convert the government to a constitutional monarchy.
  • 1914World War I: The German minelayer Template:SS lays a minefield about Script error: No such module "convert". off the Thames Estuary (Lowestoft). She is intercepted and sunk by the British light-cruiser Template:HMS.
  • 1914 – World War I: The guns of Point Nepean fort at Port Phillip Heads in Victoria (Australia) fire across the bows of the Norddeutscher Lloyd steamer Template:SS which is attempting to leave the Port of Melbourne in ignorance of the declaration of war and she is detained; this is said to be the first Allied shot of the War.
  • 1914 – In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed.
  • 1916 – World War I: Battle of Romani: Allied forces, under the command of Archibald Murray, defeat an attacking Ottoman army under the command of Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein, securing the Suez Canal and beginning the Ottoman retreat from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 1925Plaid Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language that is at the time in danger of dying out.
  • 1926Harry Houdini performs his greatest feat, spending 91 minutes underwater in a sealed tank before escaping.
  • 1940World War II: The Soviet Union formally annexes Latvia.
  • 1944 – World War II: At least 1,104 Japanese POWs in Australia attempt to escape from a camp at Cowra, New South Wales; 545 temporarily succeed but are later either killed, commit suicide, or are recaptured.
  • 1944 – World War II: Polish insurgents liberate a German labor camp (Gęsiówka) in Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Nazis begin a week-long massacre of between 40,000 and 50,000 civilians and prisoners of war in Wola, Poland.
  • 1949 – In Ecuador, an earthquake destroys 50 towns and kills more than 6,000.
  • 1957American Bandstand, a show dedicated to the teenage "baby-boomers" by playing the songs and showing popular dances of the time, debuts on the ABC television network.
  • 1960Burkina Faso, then known as Upper Volta, becomes independent from France.
  • 1962Apartheid: Nelson Mandela is jailed. He would not be released until 1990.
  • 1962 – American actress Marilyn Monroe is found dead at her home from a drug overdose.
  • 1963Cold War: The United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union sign the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
  • 1964Vietnam War: Operation Pierce Arrow: American aircraft from carriers Template:Ship and Template:Ship bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes against U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
  • 1965 – The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 begins as Pakistani soldiers cross the Line of Control dressed as locals.
  • 1971 – The first Pacific Islands Forum (then known as the "South Pacific Forum") is held in Wellington, New Zealand, with the aim of enhancing cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1973Mars 6 is launched from the USSR.
  • 1974Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress places a $1 billion limit on military aid to South Vietnam.
  • 1979 – In Afghanistan, Maoists undertake the Bala Hissar uprising against the Leninist government.
  • 1981 – President Ronald Reagan fires 11,359 striking air-traffic controllers who ignored his order for them to return to work.
  • 1984 – A Biman Bangladesh Airlines Fokker F27 Friendship crashes on approach to Zia International Airport, in Dhaka, Bangladesh, killing all 49 people on board.[5]
  • 1995Yugoslav Wars: The city of Knin, Croatia, a significant Serb stronghold, is captured by Croatian forces during Operation Storm. The date is celebrated in Croatia as Victory Day.
  • 2003 – A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150.
  • 2010 – The Copiapó mining accident occurs, trapping 33 Chilean miners approximately Script error: No such module "convert". below the ground for 69 days.
  • 2010 – Ten members of International Assistance Mission Nuristan Eye Camp team are killed by persons unknown in Kuran wa Munjan District of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan.
  • 2012 – The Wisconsin Sikh temple shooting took place in Oak Creek, Wisconsin, killing six victims; the perpetrator committed suicide after being wounded by police.
  • 2015 – The Environmental Protection Agency at Gold King Mine waste water spill releases three million gallons of heavy metal toxin tailings and waste water into the Animas River in Colorado.
  • 2019Revocation of the special status of Jammu and Kashmir (state) occurred and the state was bifurcated into two union territories viz Jammu and Kashmir (union territory) and Ladakh.[6]

Births

  • 79 BCTullia, Roman daughter of Cicero (d. 45 BC)
  • 1262Ladislaus IV of Hungary (d. 1290)
  • 1301Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (d. 1330)
  • 1397Guillaume Dufay, Belgian-Italian composer and theorist (d. 1474)
  • 1461Alexander Jagiellon, Polish king (d. 1506)
  • 1540Joseph Justus Scaliger, French philologist and historian (d. 1609)
  • 1607Antonio Barberini, Italian cardinal (d. 1671)
  • 1623Antonio Cesti, Italian organist and composer (d. 1669)
  • 1626Richard Ottley, English politician (d. 1670)
  • 1662James Anderson, Scottish lawyer and historian (d. 1728)
  • 1681Vitus Bering, Danish explorer (d. 1741)
  • 1694Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (d. 1744)
  • 1749Thomas Lynch Jr., American commander and politician (d. 1779)
  • 1797Friedrich August Kummer, German cellist and composer (d. 1879)
  • 1802Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician and theorist (d. 1829)
  • 1811Ambroise Thomas, French composer (d. 1896)
  • 1813Ivar Aasen, Norwegian poet and linguist (d. 1896)
  • 1815Edward John Eyre, English explorer and politician, Governor of Jamaica (d. 1901)
  • 1827Deodoro da Fonseca, Brazilian field marshal and politician, 1st President of Brazil (d. 1892)
  • 1828Louise of the Netherlands (d. 1871)
  • 1833Carola of Vasa (d. 1907)
  • 1843James Scott Skinner, Scottish violinist and composer (d. 1927)
  • 1844Ilya Repin, Russian painter and sculptor (d. 1930)
  • 1850Guy de Maupassant, French short story writer, novelist, and poet (d. 1893)
  • 1860Louis Wain, English artist (d. 1939)
  • 1862Joseph Merrick, English man with severe deformities (d. 1890)
  • 1866Carl Harries, German chemist and academic (d. 1923)
  • 1866 – Harry Trott, Australian cricketer (d. 1917)
  • 1868Oskar Merikanto, Finnish pianist and composer (d. 1924)
  • 1872Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician, bacteriologist, and epidemiologist, founded the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (d. 1917)
  • 1874Wesley Clair Mitchell, American economist and academic (d. 1948)
  • 1874 – Horace Rawlins, English golfer (d. 1935)
  • 1876Mary Ritter Beard, American historian and activist (d. 1958)
  • 1877Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (d. 1917)
  • 1880Gertrude Rush, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1962)
  • 1880 – Ruth Sawyer, American author and educator (d. 1970)
  • 1882Anne Acheson, Irish sculptor (d. 1962)[7]
  • 1887Reginald Owen, English-American actor and singer (d. 1972)
  • 1889Conrad Aiken, American novelist, short story writer, critic, and poet (d. 1973)
  • 1890Naum Gabo, Russian-American sculptor (d. 1977)
  • 1890 – Erich Kleiber, Austrian conductor and director (d. 1956)
  • 1897Roberta Dodd Crawford, American soprano and educator (d. 1954)
  • 1897 – Aksel Larsen, Danish lawyer and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1900Rudolf Schottlaender, German philosopher, classical philologist and translator (d. 1988)
  • 1901Claude Autant-Lara, French director, screenwriter, and politician (d. 2000)
  • 1904Kenneth V. Thimann, English-American botanist and microbiologist (d. 1997)
  • 1906Joan Hickson, English actress (d. 1998)
  • 1906 – John Huston, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Wassily Leontief, German-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1908Harold Holt, Australian lawyer and politician, 17th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – Jose Garcia Villa, Filipino short story writer and poet (d. 1997)
  • 1910Bruno Coquatrix, French songwriter and manager (d. 1979)
  • 1910 – Herminio Masantonio, Argentinian footballer (d. 1956)
  • 1911Robert Taylor, American actor and singer (d. 1969)
  • 1912Abbé Pierre, French priest and humanitarian (d. 2007)
  • 1914Parley Baer, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1916Peter Viereck, American poet and academic (d. 2006)
  • 1918Tom Drake, American actor and singer (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Betty Oliphant, English-Canadian ballerina, co-founded Canada's National Ballet School (d. 2004)
  • 1920George Tooker, American painter and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1921Terry Becker, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1922L. Tom Perry, American businessman and religious leader (d. 2015)
  • 1922 – Frank Stranahan, American golfer (d. 2013)
  • 1923Devan Nair, Malaysian-Singaporean union leader and politician, 3rd President of Singapore (d. 2005)
  • 1926Betsy Jolas, French composer
  • 1926 – Jeri Southern, American jazz singer and pianist (d. 1991)
  • 1927John H. Moore II, American lawyer and judge (d. 2013)
  • 1929Don Matheson, American soldier, police officer, and actor (d. 2014)
  • 1930Neil Armstrong, American pilot, engineer, and astronaut (d. 2012)
  • 1930 – Damita Jo DeBlanc, American comedian, actress, and singer (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Richie Ginther, American race car driver (d. 1989)
  • 1930 – Michal Kováč, Slovak lawyer and politician, 1st President of Slovakia (d.2016)
  • 1931Tom Hafey, Australian footballer and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1932Tera de Marez Oyens, Dutch pianist and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1932 – Vladimir Fedoseyev, Russian conductor
  • 1934Karl Johan Åström, Swedish engineer and theorist
  • 1934 – Wendell Berry, American novelist, short story writer, poet, and essayist
  • 1934 – Gay Byrne, Irish radio and television host (d. 2019)
  • 1935Michael Ballhaus, German director and cinematographer (d. 2017)
  • 1935 – Peter Inge, Baron Inge, English field marshal
  • 1935 – Roy Benavidez, American Master Sergeant and Medal of Honor Winner (d. 1998)
  • 1936Nikolai Baturin, Estonian author and playwright
  • 1936 – John Saxon, American actor (d. 2020)
  • 1937Herb Brooks, American ice hockey player and coach (d. 2003)
  • 1937 – Brian G. Marsden, English-American astronomer and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1939Roger Clark, English race car driver (d. 1998)
  • 1939 – Carmen Salinas, Mexican actress and politician[8]
  • 1940Bobby Braddock, American country music songwriter, musician, and producer
  • 1940 – Roman Gabriel, American football player, coach, and actor
  • 1940 – Rick Huxley, English bass player (d. 2013)
  • 1941Bob Clark, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1941 – Leonid Kizim, Ukrainian general, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2010)
  • 1941 – Airto Moreira, Brazilian-American drummer and composer
  • 1942Joe Boyd, American record producer, founded Hannibal Records
  • 1943Nelson Briles, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Sammi Smith, American country music singer-songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1944Christopher Gunning, English composer
  • 1945Loni Anderson, American actress
  • 1946Bruce Coslet, American football player and coach
  • 1946 – Shirley Ann Jackson, American physicist[9]
  • 1946 – Rick van der Linden, Dutch keyboard player and songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1946 – Bob McCarthy, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1946 – Erika Slezak, American actress
  • 1946 – Xavier Trias, Spanish pediatrician and politician, 118th Mayor of Barcelona
  • 1947Angry Anderson, Australian singer & actor
  • 1947 – Bernie Carbo, American baseball player
  • 1947 – France A. Córdova, American astrophysicist and academic
  • 1947 – Rick Derringer, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1947 – Greg Leskiw, Canadian guitarist and songwriter
  • 1948Ray Clemence, English footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Barbara Flynn, English actress
  • 1948 – David Hungate, American bass guitarist, producer, and arranger
  • 1948 – Shin Takamatsu, Japanese architect and academic
  • 1950Luiz Gushiken, Brazilian trade union leader and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1950 – Mahendra Karma, Indian lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1951Samantha Sang, Australian pop singer
  • 1952Tamás Faragó, Hungarian water polo player
  • 1952 – John Jarratt, Australian actor and producer
  • 1952 – Louis Walsh, Irish talent manager
  • 1953Rick Mahler, American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1955Eddie Ojeda, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1956Christopher Chessun, English Anglican bishop
  • 1956 – Jerry Ciccoritti, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957Larry Corowa, Australian rugby league player
  • 1957 – David Gill, English businessman
  • 1957 – Faith Prince, American actress and singer
  • 1959Pete Burns, English singer-songwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1959 – Pat Smear, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1960David Baldacci, American lawyer and author
  • 1961Janet McTeer, English actress
  • 1961 – Athula Samarasekera, Sri Lankan cricketer and coach
  • 1961 – Tim Wilson, American comedian, singer-songwriter, and guitarist (d. 2014)
  • 1962Patrick Ewing, Jamaican-American basketball player and coach
  • 1962 – Otis Thorpe, American basketball player
  • 1963Steve Lee, Swiss singer-songwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1963 – Ingmar De Vos, Belgian sports administrator
  • 1964Rory Morrison, English journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1964 – Adam Yauch, American rapper and director (d. 2012)
  • 1965Jeff Coffin, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1965 – Motoi Sakuraba, Japanese keyboard player and composer
  • 1966Jennifer Finch, American singer, bass player, and photographer
  • 1966 – Jonathan Silverman, American actor and producer
  • 1967Matthew Caws, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968Terri Clark, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968 – Kendo Kashin, Japanese wrestler and mixed martial artist
  • 1968 – Marine Le Pen, French lawyer and politician
  • 1968 – Oleh Luzhny, Ukrainian footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Colin McRae, Scottish race car driver (d. 2007)
  • 1968 – John Olerud, American baseball player
  • 1969Jackie Doyle-Price, English politician
  • 1969 – Vasbert Drakes, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1969 – Venkatesh Prasad, Indian cricketer and coach
  • 1969 – Robert Scott, Australian rower
  • 1970James Gunn, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1971Valdis Dombrovskis, Latvian academic and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Latvia
  • 1972Ikuto Hidaka, Japanese wrestler
  • 1972 – Aaqib Javed, Pakistani cricketer and coach
  • 1972 – Darren Shahlavi, English-American actor and martial artist (d. 2015)
  • 1972 – Jon Sleightholme, English rugby player
  • 1972 – Theodore Whitmore, Jamaican footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Christian Olde Wolbers, Belgian-American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1973Paul Carige, Australian rugby league player
  • 1973 – Justin Marshall, New Zealand rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1974Alvin Ceccoli, Australian footballer
  • 1974 – Kajol, Indian film actress[10]
  • 1974 – Olle Kullinger, Swedish footballer
  • 1974 – Antoine Sibierski, French footballer
  • 1975Dan Hipgrave, English guitarist and journalist
  • 1975 – Josep Jufré, Spanish cyclist
  • 1975 – Eicca Toppinen, Finnish cellist and composer
  • 1976Jeff Friesen, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Marians Pahars, Latvian footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Eugen Trică, Romanian footballer and manager
  • 1977Eric Hinske, American baseball player and coach
  • 1977 – Mark Mulder, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1977 – Michael Walsh, English footballer
  • 1978Cosmin Bărcăuan, Romanian footballer and manager
  • 1978 – Kim Gevaert, Belgian sprinter
  • 1979David Healy, Irish footballer
  • 1980Wayne Bridge, English footballer
  • 1980 – Salvador Cabañas, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1980 – Jason Culina, Australian footballer
  • 1981David Clarke, English ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Carl Crawford, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Maik Franz, German footballer
  • 1981 – Erik Guay, Canadian skier
  • 1981 – Travie McCoy, American rapper, singer, and songwriter[11]
  • 1981 – Anna Rawson, Australian golfer
  • 1981 – Rachel Scott, American murder victim, inspired the Rachel's Challenge (d. 1999)
  • 1982Jamie Houston, English-German rugby player
  • 1982 – Lolo Jones, American hurdler
  • 1982 – Michele Pazienza, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Tobias Regner, German singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Jeff Robson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1982 – Pete Sell, American mixed martial artist
  • 1984Steve Matai, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1984 – Helene Fischer, German singer-songwriter
  • 1985Laurent Ciman, Belgian footballer
  • 1985 – Salomon Kalou, Ivorian footballer
  • 1985 – Gil Vermouth, Israeli footballer
  • 1985 – Erkan Zengin, Swedish footballer
  • 1986Paula Creamer, American golfer
  • 1986 – Kathrin Zettel, Austrian skier
  • 1987Genelia D'Souza, Indian actress
  • 1988Michael Jamieson, Scottish-English swimmer
  • 1988 – Federica Pellegrini, Italian swimmer
  • 1989Ryan Bertrand, English footballer
  • 1989 – Mathieu Manset, French footballer
  • 1989 – Jessica Nigri, American model and actress
  • 1991Esteban Gutiérrez, Mexican race car driver
  • 1991 – Konrad Hurrell, Tongan rugby league player
  • 1991 – Andreas Weimann, Austrian footballer
  • 1995Pierre-Emile Højbjerg, Danish footballer
  • 1996Takakeishō Mitsunobu, Japanese sumo wrestler
  • 1997Jack Cogger, Australian rugby league player
  • 1997 – Olivia Holt, American actress and singer[12][13]
  • 1998Mimi Keene, English actress
  • 1998 – Kanon Suzuki, Japanese singer and actress
  • 2003Toni Shaw, British Paralympic swimmer[14]

Deaths

  • 553Xiao Ji, prince of the Liang dynasty (b. 508)
  • 642Eowa, king of Mercia
  • 642 – Oswald, king of Northumbria (b. 604)
  • 824Heizei, Japanese emperor (b. 773)
  • 877Ubayd Allah ibn Yahya ibn Khaqan, Abbasid vizier
  • 882Louis III, Frankish king (b. 863)
  • 890Ranulf II, duke of Aquitaine (b. 850)
  • 910Eowils and Halfdan, joint kings of Northumbria
  • 910 – Ingwær, king of Northumbria
  • 917Euthymius I of Constantinople (b. 834)
  • 940Li Decheng, Chinese general (b. 863)
  • 1063Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, King of Gwynedd
  • 1364Kōgon, Japanese emperor (b. 1313)
  • 1415Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge (b. 1375)
  • 1415 – Henry Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham (b. 1370)
  • 1447John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter (b. 1395)
  • 1579Stanislaus Hosius, Polish cardinal (b. 1504)
  • 1600John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie, Scottish conspirator (b. 1577)
  • 1610Alonso García de Ramón, Spanish soldier and politician, Royal Governor of Chile (b. 1552)
  • 1633George Abbot, English archbishop and academic (b. 1562)
  • 1678Juan García de Zéspedes, Mexican tenor and composer (b. 1619)
  • 1729Thomas Newcomen, English engineer, invented the eponymous Newcomen atmospheric engine (b. 1664)
  • 1743John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English courtier and politician, Vice-Chamberlain of the Household (b. 1696)
  • 1778Charles Clémencet, French historian and author (b. 1703)
  • 1778 – Thomas Linley the younger, English composer (b. 1756)
  • 1792Frederick North, Lord North, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1732)
  • 1799Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe, English admiral and politician (b. 1726)
  • 1868Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes, French archaeologist and historian (b. 1788)
  • 1877Robert Williams (known as Trebor Mai), Welsh poet (b. 1830)
  • 1880Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, Austrian physician and dermatologist (b. 1816)
  • 1881Spotted Tail, American tribal chief (b. 1823)
  • 1895Friedrich Engels, German philosopher (b. 1820)
  • 1901Victoria, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom (b. 1840)
  • 1904George Dibbs, Australian politician, 10th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1834)
  • 1911Bob Caruthers, American baseball player and umpire (b. 1864)
  • 1916George Butterworth, British composer, killed at the Battle of the Somme (b. 1885)
  • 1921Dimitrios Rallis, Greek lawyer and politician, 78th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1844)
  • 1929Millicent Fawcett, English trade union leader and activist (b. 1847)
  • 1933Charles Harold Davis, American painter and academic (b. 1856)
  • 1935David Townsend, American art director and set designer (b. 1891)
  • 1939Béla Jankovich, Hungarian economist and politician, Minister of Education of Hungary (b. 1865)
  • 1944Maurice Turnbull, Welsh cricketer and rugby player (b. 1906)
  • 1946Wilhelm Marx, German lawyer and politician, 17th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1863)
  • 1948Montagu Toller, English cricketer and lawyer (b. 1871)
  • 1952Sameera Moussa, Egyptian physicist and academic (b. 1917)
  • 1955Carmen Miranda, Portuguese-Brazilian actress and singer (b. 1909)
  • 1957Heinrich Otto Wieland, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1959Edgar Guest, English-American journalist and poet (b. 1881)
  • 1960Arthur Meighen, Canadian lawyer and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
  • 1963Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer (b. 1898)
  • 1964Art Ross, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1886)[15][16]
  • 1968Luther Perkins, American guitarist (b. 1928)
  • 1978Jesse Haines, American baseball player and coach (b. 1893)
  • 1980Harold L. Runnels, American soldier and politician (b. 1924)
  • 1983Judy Canova, American actress and comedian (b. 1913)
  • 1983 – Joan Robinson, English economist and author (b. 1903)
  • 1984Richard Burton, Welsh-Swiss actor and producer (b. 1925)
  • 1985Arnold Horween, American football player and coach (b. 1898)
  • 1987Georg Gaßmann, German politician, Mayor of Marburg (b. 1910)
  • 1991Paul Brown, American football player and coach (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Soichiro Honda, Japanese engineer and businessman, founded Honda (b. 1906)
  • 1992Robert Muldoon, New Zealand politician, 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1921)
  • 1994Menachem Avidom, Israeli composer (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Alain de Changy, Belgian race car driver (b. 1922)
  • 1998Otto Kretschmer, German commander (b. 1912)
  • 1998 – Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian commander and politician, 36th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1911)
  • 2000Otto Buchsbaum, Austrian-Brazilian journalist and activist (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Tullio Crali, Montenegrin-Italian pilot and painter (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Lala Amarnath, Indian cricketer who scored India's first Test century (b. 1911)
  • 2000 – Alec Guinness, English actor (b. 1914)[17]
  • 2001Otema Allimadi, Ugandan politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Uganda (b. 1929)
  • 2001 – Christopher Skase, Australian-Spanish businessman (b. 1948)
  • 2002Chick Hearn, American sportscaster (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Franco Lucentini, Italian journalist and author (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Darrell Porter, American baseball player (b. 1952)
  • 2002 – Matt Robinson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2005Polina Astakhova, Russian gymnast and coach (b. 1936)
  • 2005 – Jim O'Hora, American football player and coach (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Raul Roco, Filipino lawyer and politician, 31st Filipino Secretary of Education (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – Eddie Jenkins, Welsh footballer (b. 1909)[18]
  • 2007Jean-Marie Lustiger, French cardinal (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Florian Pittiș, Romanian actor, singer, director, and producer (b. 1943)
  • 2008Neil Bartlett, English-American chemist and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2008 – Reg Lindsay, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1929)
  • 2009Budd Schulberg, American author, screenwriter, and producer (b. 1914)
  • 2011Andrzej Lepper, Polish farmer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1954)
  • 2011 – Aziz Shavershian, Russian-born Australian Bodybuilder and internet sensation (b. 1989)
  • 2012Erwin Axer, Polish director and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Michel Daerden, Belgian lawyer and politician (b. 1949)
  • 2012 – Fred Matua, American football player (b. 1984)
  • 2012 – Martin E. Segal, Russian-American businessman, co-founded Film Society of Lincoln Center (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Chavela Vargas, Costa Rican-Mexican singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Roland Charles Wagner, French author and translator (b. 1960)
  • 2013Ruth Asawa, American sculptor and educator (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Shawn Burr, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1966)
  • 2013 – Willie Dunn, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Roy Rubin, American basketball player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – May Song Vang, American activist (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Rob Wyda, American commander and judge (b. 1959)
  • 2014Harold J. Greene, American general (b. 1962)
  • 2014 – Vladimir Orlov, Russian author (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Chapman Pincher, Indian-English historian, journalist, and author (b. 1914)
  • 2014 – Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, American physician and academic, 11th Surgeon General of the United States (b. 1927)
  • 2015Arthur Walter James, English journalist and politician (b. 1912)
  • 2015 – Tony Millington, Welsh footballer (b. 1943)
  • 2019Toni Morrison, American author, Pulitzer Prize winner, and Nobel laureate (b. 1931).[19]
  • 2020Aritana Yawalapiti, Brazilian indigenous cacique of Yawalapiti people (b. 1949)[20]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abel of Reims
    • Addai
    • Afra
    • Albrecht Dürer, Matthias Grünewald, and Lucas Cranach the Elder (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Cassian of Autun
    • Dedication of the Basilica of St Mary Major (Catholic Church)
    • Emygdius
    • Memnius
    • Oswald of Northumbria
    • August 5 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Independence Day (Burkina Faso)
  • Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day and the Day of Croatian defenders (Croatia)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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