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Events

  • 598Goguryeo-Sui War: Emperor Wéndi of Sui orders his youngest son, Yang Liang (assisted by the co-prime minister Gao Jiong), to conquer Goguryeo (Korea) during the Manchurian rainy season, with a Chinese army and navy.
  • 1265Second Barons' War: Battle of Evesham: The army of Prince Edward (the future king Edward I of England) defeats the forces of rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, killing de Montfort and many of his allies.
  • 1327First War of Scottish Independence: James Douglas leads a raid into Weardale and almost kills Edward III of England.
  • 1578Battle of Al Kasr al Kebir: The Moroccans defeat the Portuguese. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed in the battle, leaving his elderly uncle, Cardinal Henry, as his heir. This initiates a succession crisis in Portugal.
  • 1693 – Date traditionally ascribed to Dom Perignon's invention of champagne; it is not clear whether he actually invented champagne, however he has been credited as an innovator who developed the techniques used to perfect sparkling wine.
  • 1701Great Peace of Montreal between New France and First Nations is signed.
  • 1704War of the Spanish Succession: Gibraltar is captured by an English and Dutch fleet, commanded by Admiral Sir George Rooke and allied with Archduke Charles.
  • 1783Mount Asama erupts in Japan, killing about 1,400 people. The eruption causes a famine, which results in an additional 20,000 deaths.
  • 1789France: Members of the National Constituent Assembly take an oath to end feudalism and abandon their privileges.
  • 1790 – A newly passed tariff act creates the Revenue Cutter Service (the forerunner of the United States Coast Guard).
  • 1791 – The Treaty of Sistova is signed, ending the Ottoman–Habsburg wars.
  • 1796French Revolutionary Wars: Napoleon leads the French Army of Italy to victory in the Battle of Lonato.
  • 1821The Saturday Evening Post is published for the first time as a weekly newspaper.
  • 1854 – The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.
  • 1863Matica slovenská, Slovakia's public-law cultural and scientific institution focusing on topics around the Slovak nation, is established in Martin.
  • 1873American Indian Wars: While protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, the United States 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer clashes for the first time with the Cheyenne and Lakota people near the Tongue River; only one man on each side is killed.
  • 1889The Great Fire of Spokane, Washington destroys some 32 blocks of the city, prompting a mass rebuilding project.
  • 1892 – The father and stepmother of Lizzie Borden are found murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts home. She was tried and acquitted for the crimes a year later.
  • 1914 – In response to the German invasion of Belgium, Belgium and the British Empire declare war on Germany. The United States declares its neutrality.
  • 1915World War I: The German 12th Army occupies Warsaw during the Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive and the Great Retreat of 1915.
  • 1924Diplomatic relations between Mexico and the Soviet Union are established.
  • 1936Prime Minister of Greece Ioannis Metaxas suspends parliament and the Constitution and establishes the 4th of August Regime.
  • 1944The Holocaust: A tip from a Dutch informer leads the Gestapo to a sealed-off area in an Amsterdam warehouse, where they find and arrest Jewish diarist Anne Frank, her family, and four others.
  • 1946 – An earthquake of magnitude 8.0 hits northern Dominican Republic. One hundred are killed and 20,000 are left homeless.
  • 1947 – The Supreme Court of Japan is established.
  • 1964Civil rights movement: Civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney are found dead in Mississippi after disappearing on June 21.
  • 1964 – Second Gulf of Tonkin Incident: U.S. destroyers Template:Ship and Template:Ship mistakenly report coming under attack in the Gulf of Tonkin.
  • 1965 – The Constitution of the Cook Islands comes into force, giving the Cook Islands self-governing status within New Zealand.
  • 1969Vietnam War: At the apartment of French intermediary Jean Sainteny in Paris, American representative Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese representative Xuân Thuỷ begin secret peace negotiations. The negotiations will eventually fail.
  • 1974 – A bomb explodes in the Italicus Express train at San Benedetto Val di Sambro, Italy, killing 12 people and wounding 22.
  • 1975 – The Japanese Red Army takes more than 50 hostages at the AIA Building housing several embassies in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The hostages include the U.S. consul and the Swedish Chargé d'affaires. The gunmen win the release of five imprisoned comrades and fly with them to Libya.
  • 1977U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating the United States Department of Energy.
  • 1984 – The Republic of Upper Volta changes its name to Burkina Faso.
  • 1987 – The Federal Communications Commission rescinds the Fairness Doctrine which had required radio and television stations to present controversial issues "fairly".
  • 1995Operation Storm begins in Croatia.
  • 2006 – A massacre is carried out by Sri Lankan government forces, killing 17 employees of the French INGO Action Against Hunger (known internationally as Action Contre la Faim, or ACF).
  • 2007NASA's Phoenix spacecraft is launched.
  • 2019 – Nine people are killed and 26 injured in a shooting in Dayton, Ohio. This comes only 12 hours after another mass shooting in El Paso, Texas, where 23 people were killed.[1][2]
  • 2020 – At least 220 people are killed and over 5,000 are wounded when 2,700 tons of ammonium nitrate explodes in Beirut, Lebanon.[3]

Births

  • 1222Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester, English soldier (d. 1262)
  • 1281Külüg Khan, Emperor Wuzong of Yuan (d. 1311)
  • 1290Leopold I, Duke of Austria (d. 1326)
  • 1463Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici, Florentine patron of the arts (d. 1503)
  • 1469Margaret of Saxony, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1528)
  • 1470Bernardo Dovizi, Italian cardinal (d. 1520)
  • 1470 – Lucrezia de' Medici, Italian noblewoman (d. 1553)
  • 1521Pope Urban VII (d. 1590)
  • 1522Udai Singh II, King of Mewar (d. 1572)
  • 1604François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac, French cleric and author (d. 1676)
  • 1623Friedrich Casimir, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1641–1680) and Hanau-Münzenberg (1642–1680) (d. 1685)
  • 1701Thomas Blackwell, Scottish historian and scholar (d. 1757)
  • 1704Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans (d. 1752)
  • 1719Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German mineralogist and geologist (d. 1767)
  • 1721Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, English politician, Lord President of the Council (d. 1803)
  • 1755Nicolas-Jacques Conté, French soldier, painter, balloonist, and inventor (d. 1805)
  • 1792Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet and playwright (d. 1822)
  • 1805William Rowan Hamilton, Irish physicist, astronomer, and mathematician (d. 1865)
  • 1821Louis Vuitton, French fashion designer, founded Louis Vuitton (d. 1892)
  • 1821 – James Springer White, American religious leader, co-founded the Seventh-day Adventist Church (d. 1881)
  • 1834John Venn, English mathematician and philosopher (d. 1923)
  • 1836Jens Vilhelm Dahlerup, Danish architect (d. 1907)
  • 1839Walter Pater, English author, critic, and academic (d. 1894)
  • 1844Henri Berger, German composer and bandleader (d. 1929)
  • 1853John Henry Twachtman, American painter, etcher, and academic (d. 1902)
  • 1859Knut Hamsun, Norwegian novelist, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1952)
  • 1867Jake Beckley, American baseball player and coach (d. 1918)
  • 1870Harry Lauder, Scottish actor and singer (d. 1950)
  • 1871William Holman, English-Australian politician, 19th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1934)
  • 1876Giovanni Giuriati, Italian lawyer and politician (d. 1970)
  • 1876 – John Scaddan, Australian politician, 10th Premier of Western Australia (d. 1934)
  • 1884Béla Balázs, Hungarian poet and critic (d. 1949)
  • 1884 – Henri Cornet, French cyclist (d. 1941)
  • 1887Albert M. Greenfield, Ukrainian-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1967)
  • 1888Taher Saifuddin, Indian religious leader, 51st Da'i al-Mutlaq (d. 1965)
  • 1890Dolf Luque, Cuban baseball player and manager (d. 1957)
  • 1893Fritz Gause, German historian and curator (d. 1973)
  • 1898Ernesto Maserati, Italian race car driver and engineer (d. 1975)
  • 1899Ezra Taft Benson, American religious leader, 13th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1994)
  • 1900Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother of the United Kingdom (d. 2002)
  • 1901Louis Armstrong, American trumpet player and singer (d. 1971)
  • 1901 – Clarence Passailaigue, Jamaican cricketer (d. 1972)
  • 1902Bill Hallahan, American baseball player (d. 1981)
  • 1904Witold Gombrowicz, Polish author and playwright (d. 1969)
  • 1904 – Helen Kane, American singer and actress (d. 1966)
  • 1904 – Joe Tate, English footballer and manager (d. 1973)
  • 1905Abeid Karume, 1st President of Zanzibar (d. 1972)[4]
  • 1906Eugen Schuhmacher, German zoologist, director, and producer (d. 1973)
  • 1908Kurt Eichhorn, German conductor (d. 1994)
  • 1909Glenn Cunningham, American runner and academic (d. 1988)
  • 1910Anita Page, American actress (d. 2008)[5]
  • 1910 – William Schuman, American composer and educator (d. 1992)
  • 1910 – Hedda Sterne, Romanian-American painter and photographer (d. 2011)
  • 1912Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, and mountaineer (d. 1999)
  • 1912 – David Raksin, American composer and educator (d. 2004)[6]
  • 1912 – Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish architect and diplomat (d. 1947)
  • 1913Wesley Addy, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Robert Hayden, American poet and educator (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – Johann Niemann, German lieutenant (d. 1943)
  • 1915Warren Avis, American businessman, founded Avis Rent a Car System (d. 2007)
  • 1917John Fitch, American race car driver and engineer (d. 2012)
  • 1918Brian Crozier, Australian-English historian and journalist (d. 2012)
  • 1919Michel Déon, French novelist, playwright, and critic (d. 2016)
  • 1920Helen Thomas, American journalist and author (d. 2013)[7]
  • 1921Herb Ellis, American guitarist (d. 2010)
  • 1921 – Maurice Richard, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2000)
  • 1922Mayme Agnew Clayton, American librarian (d.2006)[8]
  • 1922 – Luis Aponte Martínez, Puerto Rican cardinal (d. 2012)
  • 1926George Irving Bell, American physicist, biologist, and mountaineer (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Perry Moss, American football player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1928Christian Goethals, Belgian race car driver (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Gerard Damiano, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1928Nadežka Mosusova, Serbian composer
  • 1929Kishore Kumar, Indian singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1987)
  • 1929 – Vellore G. Ramabhadran, Mridangam artiste from Tamil Nadu, India (d. 2012)
  • 1930Ali al-Sistani, Iranian-Iraqi cleric and scholar
  • 1931Naren Tamhane, Indian cricketer (d. 2002)
  • 1932Frances E. Allen, American computer scientist and academic (d. 2020)
  • 1932 – Liang Congjie, Chinese environmentalist, founded Friends of Nature (d. 2010)
  • 1934Dallas Green, American baseball player and manager (d. 2017)
  • 1935Carol Arthur, American actress and producer
  • 1935 – Hans-Walter Eigenbrodt, German footballer and coach (d. 1997)
  • 1935 – Michael J. Noonan, Irish farmer and politician, 25th Minister of Defence for Ireland (d. 2013)
  • 1936Giorgos Zographos, Greek singer and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1937David Bedford, English keyboard player, composer, and conductor (d. 2011)
  • 1938Ellen Schrecker, American historian and academic
  • 1939Jack Cunningham, Baron Cunningham of Felling, English politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
  • 1939 – Frankie Ford, American R&B/rock & roll singer (d. 2015)
  • 1940Robin Harper, Scottish academic and politician
  • 1940 – Larry Knechtel, American bass player and pianist (d. 2009)
  • 1940 – Frances Stewart, English economist and academic
  • 1940 – Timi Yuro, American singer-songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1941Martin Jarvis, English actor
  • 1941 – Andy Smillie, English footballer
  • 1941 – Ted Strickland, American psychologist and politician, 68th Governor of Ohio
  • 1942Don S. Davis, American actor (d. 2008)[9]
  • 1942 – Cleon Jones, American baseball player
  • 1942 – David Lange, New Zealand lawyer and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 2005)
  • 1943Vicente Álvarez Areces, Spanish politician, 6th President of the Principality of Asturias (d. 2019)
  • 1943 – Barbara Saß-Viehweger, German politician, lawyer and civil law notary
  • 1943 – Bjørn Wirkola, Norwegian ski jumper and footballer
  • 1944Richard Belzer, American actor
  • 1944 – Doudou Ndoye, Senegalese lawyer and politician
  • 1945Paul McCarthy, American painter and sculptor
  • 1945 – Alan Mulally, American engineer and businessman
  • 1946Aleksei Turovski, Estonian zoologist and ethologist
  • 1947Klaus Schulze, German keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1948Johnny Grubb, American baseball player and coach
  • 1949John Riggins, American football player, sportscaster, and actor
  • 1950Caldwell Jones, American basketball player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1950 – N. Rangaswamy, Indian lawyer and politician, 9th Chief Minister of Puducherry
  • 1951Peter Goodfellow, English geneticist and academic[10]
  • 1952James Arbuthnot, English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
  • 1952 – Moya Brennan, Irish singer-songwriter and harp player
  • 1952 – Gábor Demszky, Hungarian sociologist, lawyer, and politician
  • 1953Hiroyuki Usui, Japanese footballer and manager
  • 1954Anatoliy Kinakh, Ukrainian engineer and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Ukraine
  • 1954 – Steve Phillips, English footballer
  • 1954 – François Valéry, Algerian-French singer-songwriter
  • 1955Alberto Gonzales, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 80th United States Attorney General
  • 1955 – Billy Bob Thornton, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1957Rupert Farley, British actor and voice actor
  • 1957 – Brooks D. Simpson, American historian and author
  • 1957 – Valdis Valters, Latvian basketball player and coach
  • 1957 – John Wark, Scottish footballer and sportscaster
  • 1958Allison Hedge Coke, American-Canadian poet and academic
  • 1958 – Mary Decker, American runner
  • 1958 – Silvan Shalom, Tunisian-Israeli sergeant and politician, 30th Deputy Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1959Robbin Crosby, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1959 – John Gormley, Irish politician, Minister for the Environment, Community and Local Government
  • 1960Chuck C. Lopez, American jockey
  • 1960 – José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Spanish academic and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Spain
  • 1960 – Bernard Rose, English director, screenwriter, and cinematographer
  • 1960 – Tim Winton, Australian author and playwright
  • 1961Barack Obama, American lawyer and politician, 44th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate[11]
  • 1962Roger Clemens, American baseball player and actor
  • 1962 – Paul Reynolds, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963Keith Maurice Ellison, 30th Attorney General of Minnesota
  • 1964Andrew Bartlett, Australian social worker and politician
  • 1965Vishal Bhardwaj, Indian film director, screenwriter, producer, music composer and playback singer[12][13]
  • 1965 – Adam Afriyie, English businessman and politician
  • 1965 – Dennis Lehane, American author, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1965 – Fredrik Reinfeldt, Swedish soldier and politician, 42nd Prime Minister of Sweden[14]
  • 1965 – Michael Skibbe, German footballer and manager
  • 1967Michael Marsh, American sprinter
  • 1968Daniel Dae Kim, South Korean-American actor
  • 1968 – Lee Mack, English comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969Mark Bickley, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1969 – Max Cavalera, Brazilian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Troy O'Leary, American baseball player
  • 1970John August, American director and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Bret Baier, American journalist
  • 1970 – Steve House, American mountaineer
  • 1970 – Steven Jack, South African cricketer
  • 1970 – Kate Silverton, English journalist
  • 1971Bethan Benwell, English linguist, author, and academic
  • 1971 – Jeff Gordon, American race car driver and actor
  • 1972Stefan Brogren, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1973Eva Amaral, Spanish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973 – Xavier Marchand, French swimmer
  • 1973 – Marek Penksa, Slovak footballer
  • 1973 – Marcos Roberto Silveira Reis, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974Kily González, Argentine footballer
  • 1975Andy Hallett, American actor and singer (d. 2009)[15]
  • 1975 – Nikos Liberopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1975 – Jutta Urpilainen, Finnish politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Finland
  • 1975 – Daniella van Graas, Dutch model and actress
  • 1976Andrew McLeod, Australian footballer
  • 1976 – Trevor Woodman, English rugby player and coach
  • 1977Frankie Kazarian, American wrestler
  • 1977 – Luís Boa Morte, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1978Jeremy Adduono, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1978 – Luke Allen, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kurt Busch, American race car driver
  • 1978 – Agnė Eggerth, Lithuanian sprinter
  • 1978 – Ibán Espadas, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Jon Knott, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Karine Legault, Canadian swimmer
  • 1978 – Sandeep Naik, Indian politician
  • 1978 – Siri Nordby, Norwegian footballer
  • 1978 – Ricardo Serrano, Spanish cyclist
  • 1978 – Per-Åge Skrøder, Norwegian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Satoshi Hino, Japanese voice actor
  • 1979Robin Peterson, South African cricketer
  • 1980Richard Dawson, English cricketer and coach
  • 1981Marques Houston, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1981 – Benjamin Lauth, German footballer
  • 1981 – Abigail Spencer, American actress
  • 1981 – Meghan Markle, American actress and humanitarian, and member of British Royal Family
  • 1983Greta Gerwig, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1984Terry Campese, Australian rugby league player
  • 1984 – Mardy Collins, American basketball player
  • 1985Crystal Bowersox, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1985 – Robbie Findley, American soccer player
  • 1985 – Mark Milligan, Australian footballer
  • 1985 – Ha Seung-jin, South Korean basketball player
  • 1985 – Antonio Valencia, Ecuadorean footballer
  • 1986Nick Augusto, American drummer
  • 1986 – Leon Camier, English motorcycle racer
  • 1986 – Cicinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986 – Iosia Soliola, New Zealand-Samoan rugby league player
  • 1986 – David Williams, Australian rugby league player
  • 1987Jang Keun-suk, South Korean actor and singer
  • 1987 – Marreese Speights American basketball player
  • 1987 – Tomoya Warabino, Japanese actor
  • 1988Carly Foulkes, Canadian model and actress
  • 1989Tomasz Kaczor, Polish sprint canoeist[16]
  • 1989 – Jessica Mauboy, Australian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1989 – Wang Hao, Chinese chess player
  • 1990Hikmet Balioğlu, Turkish footballer
  • 1990 – Siim Tenno, Estonian footballer
  • 1991Thiago Cardoso, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 – Izet Hajrović, Bosnian footballer
  • 1992Daniele Garozzo, Italian fencer
  • 1992 – Cole Sprouse, American actor[17]
  • 1992 – Dylan Sprouse, American actor[17]
  • 1995Bruna Marquezine, Brazilian actress

Deaths

  • 221Lady Zhen, Chinese empress (b. 183)
  • 966Berengar II of Italy (b. 900)
  • 1060Henry I of France (b. 1008)
  • 1113Gertrude of Saxony, countess and regent of Holland (b. c. 1030)[18]
  • 1265Peter de Montfort, English politician (b. 1215)
  • 1265 – Henry de Montfort (b. 1238)
  • 1265 – Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, French-English soldier and politician, Lord High Steward (b. 1208)
  • 1265 – Hugh le Despencer, 1st Baron le Despencer, English politician (b. 1223)
  • 1266Eudes of Burgundy, Count of Nevers (b. 1230)
  • 1306Wenceslaus III of Bohemia (b. 1289)[19]
  • 1345As-Salih Ismail, Sultan of Egypt (b. 1326)
  • 1378Galeazzo II Visconti, Lord of Milan (b. c. 1320)
  • 1430Philip I, Duke of Brabant (b. 1404)
  • 1526Juan Sebastián Elcano, Spanish explorer and navigator (b. 1476)
  • 1578Sebastian of Portugal (b. 1554)
  • 1598William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, English academic and politician, Lord High Treasurer (b. 1520)
  • 1612Hugh Broughton, English scholar and theologian (b. 1549)
  • 1639Juan Ruiz de Alarcón, Mexican actor and playwright (b. 1581)
  • 1718René Lepage de Sainte-Claire, French-Canadian founder of Rimouski (b. 1656)
  • 1727Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (b. 1647)
  • 1741Andrew Hamilton, Scottish-American lawyer and politician (b. 1676)[20]
  • 1778Pierre de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnial, Canadian-French politician, Governor General of New France (b. 1698)
  • 1792John Burgoyne, English general and politician (b. 1723)
  • 1795Timothy Ruggles, American lawyer, jurist, and politician (b. 1711)
  • 1804Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan, Scottish admiral (b. 1731)
  • 1822Kristjan Jaak Peterson, Estonian poet and author (b. 1801)
  • 1844Jacob Aall, Norwegian economist, historian, and politician (b. 1773)
  • 1859John Vianney, French priest and saint (b. 1786)
  • 1873Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter (b. 1834)
  • 1875Hans Christian Andersen, Danish novelist, short story writer, and poet (b. 1805)
  • 1886Samuel J. Tilden, American lawyer and politician, 25th Governor of New York (b. 1814)[21]
  • 1900Isaac Levitan, Russian painter and educator (b. 1860)
  • 1914Jules Lemaître, French playwright and critic (b. 1853)
  • 1919Dave Gregory, Australian cricketer and umpire (b. 1845)
  • 1922Enver Pasha, Ottoman general and politician (b. 1881)
  • 1932Alfred Henry Maurer, American painter (b. 1868)
  • 1938Pearl White, American actress (b. 1889)
  • 1940Ze'ev Jabotinsky, Ukrainian-American general, journalist, and activist (b. 1880)
  • 1941Mihály Babits, Hungarian poet and author (b. 1883)
  • 1942Alberto Franchetti, Italian composer and educator (b. 1860)
  • 1944Krzysztof Kamil Baczyński, Polish soldier and poet (b. 1921)
  • 1957John Cain Sr., Australian politician, 34th Premier of Victoria (b. 1882)
  • 1957 – Washington Luís, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 13th President of Brazil (b. 1869)
  • 1958Ethel Anderson, Australian poet, author, and painter (b. 1883)
  • 1959József Révai, Hungarian politician, Hungarian Minister of Education (b. 1898)
  • 1962Marilyn Monroe, American model and actress (b. 1926)
  • 1967Peter Smith, English cricketer (b. 1908)
  • 1976Enrique Angelelli, Argentinian bishop and martyr (b. 1923)
  • 1976 – Roy Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian-English publisher (b. 1894)
  • 1977Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, English physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
  • 1981Melvyn Douglas, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1982Bruce Goff, American architect, designed the Boston Avenue Methodist Church (b. 1904)
  • 1985Don Whillans, English rock climber and mountaineer (b. 1933)
  • 1990Ettore Maserati, Italian engineer and businessman (b. 1894)
  • 1992Seichō Matsumoto, Japanese author (b. 1909)
  • 1996Geoff Hamilton, English gardener, author, and television host (b. 1936)
  • 1997Jeanne Calment, French super-centenarian; holds records for the world's substantiated longest-lived person (b. 1875)
  • 1998Yury Artyukhin, Russian colonel, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 1999Victor Mature, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 2003Frederick Chapman Robbins, American pediatrician and virologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2004Mary Sherman Morgan, American chemist and engineer (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Hossein Panahi (Persian: حسین پناهی), Iranian actor and poet (b. 1956)
  • 2005Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist and theorist (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Iván Szabó, Hungarian economist and politician, Minister of Finance of Hungary (b. 1934)
  • 2007Lee Hazlewood, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Raul Hilberg, Austrian-American political scientist and historian (b. 1926)
  • 2008Craig Jones, English motorcycle racer (b. 1985)
  • 2009Blake Snyder, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1957)
  • 2011Naoki Matsuda, Japanese footballer (b. 1977)
  • 2012Johnnie Bassett, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Brian Crozier, Australian-English journalist and historian (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Bud Riley, American football player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2013Keith H. Basso, American anthropologist and academic (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Art Donovan, American football player and radio host (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Olavi J. Mattila, Finnish engineer and politician, Finnish Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Renato Ruggiero, Italian lawyer and politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Tony Snell, English lieutenant and pilot (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Sandy Woodward, English admiral (b. 1932)
  • 2014James Brady, American activist and politician, 15th White House Press Secretary (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – Chester Crandell, American lawyer and politician (b. 1946)
  • 2014 – Jake Hooker, Israeli-American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1953)
  • 2015Elsie Hillman, American philanthropist and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Les Munro, New Zealand soldier and pilot (b. 1919)
  • 2015 – John Rudometkin, American basketball player (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Billy Sherrill, American songwriter and producer (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Alfred C. Williams, American lawyer and politician (b. 1951)
  • 2019Nuon Chea, Cambodian politician and theorist for the Khmer Rouge (b. 1926)[22]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Aristarchus
    • Euphronius
    • Blessed Frédéric Janssoone
    • John Vianney
    • Molua (or Lua)
    • Raynerius of Split
    • Sithney, patron saint of mad dogs
    • August 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Coast Guard Day (United States)
  • Constitution Day (Cook Islands); first Monday in August[23]
  • Matica slovenská Day (Slovakia)
  • Revolution Day (Burkina Faso)
  • Barack Obama Day in the United States

References

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  12. https://www.allmusic.com/artist/vishal-bhardwaj-mn0001985521
  13. https://www.freepressjournal.in/entertainment/vishal-bhardwaj-birthday-special-his-films-views-and-upcoming-projects#bypass-sw
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  18. Vice, Tyranny, Violence, and the Usurpation of Flanders (1071) in Flemish Historiography from 1093 to 1294, Jeff Rider, Violence and the Writing of History in the Medieval Francophone World, ed.Noah D. Guynn, Zrinka Stahuljak, (Boydell & Brewer, 2013), 65.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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