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2021

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Events

  • 1056 – After a sudden illness a few days previously, Byzantine Empress Theodora dies childless, thus ending the Macedonian dynasty.
  • 1057 – Abdication of Byzantine Emperor Michael VI Bringas after just one year.
  • 1218Al-Kamil becomes sultan of the Ayyubid dynasty.
  • 1314 – King Haakon V of Norway moves the capital from Bergen to Oslo.
  • 1422 – King Henry V of England dies of dysentery while in France. His son, Henry VI becomes King of England at the age of nine months.
  • 1776William Livingston, the first Governor of New Jersey, begins serving his first term.
  • 1795War of the First Coalition: The British capture Trincomalee (present-day Sri Lanka) from the Dutch in order to keep it out of French hands.
  • 1798Irish Rebellion: Irish rebels, with French assistance, establish the short-lived Republic of Connacht.
  • 1813 – At the final stage of the Peninsular War, British-Portuguese troops capture the town of Donostia (now San Sebastián), resulting in a rampage and eventual destruction of the town. Elsewhere, Spanish troops repel a French attack in the Battle of San Marcial.
  • 1864 – During the American Civil War, Union forces led by General William T. Sherman launch an assault on Atlanta.
  • 1876Ottoman Sultan Murad V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abdul Hamid II.
  • 1886 – The 7.0 Template:M Charleston earthquake affects southeastern South Carolina with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme). Sixty people killed with damage estimated at $5–6 million.
  • 1888Mary Ann Nichols is murdered. She is the first of Jack the Ripper's confirmed victims.
  • 1895 – German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his navigable balloon.
  • 1897Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope, the first movie projector.[1]
  • 1907 – Russia and the United Kingdom sign the Anglo-Russian Convention, by which the UK recognizes Russian preeminence in northern Persia, while Russia recognizes British preeminence in southeastern Persia and Afghanistan. Both powers pledge not to interfere in Tibet.
  • 1918World War I: Start of the Battle of Mont Saint-Quentin, a successful assault by the Australian Corps during the Hundred Days Offensive.
  • 1920Polish–Soviet War: A decisive Polish victory in the Battle of Komarów.
  • 1935 – In an attempt to stay out of the growing tensions concerning Germany and Japan, the United States passes the first of its Neutrality Acts.
  • 1936Radio Prague, now the official international broadcasting station of the Czech Republic, goes on the air.
  • 1939Nazi Germany mounts a false flag attack on the Gleiwitz radio station, creating an excuse to attack Poland the following day, thus starting World War II in Europe.
  • 1940Pennsylvania Central Airlines Trip 19 crashes near Lovettsville, Virginia. The CAB investigation of the accident is the first investigation to be conducted under the Bureau of Air Commerce act of 1938.
  • 1941 – World War II: Serbian paramilitary forces defeat Germans in the Battle of Loznica.
  • 1943Template:Ship, the first U.S. Navy ship to be named after a black person, is commissioned.
  • 1949 – The retreat of the Democratic Army of Greece in Albania after its defeat on Gramos mountain marks the end of the Greek Civil War.
  • 1957 – The Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia) gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1959 – A parcel bomb sent by Ngô Đình Nhu, younger brother and chief adviser of South Vietnamese President Ngô Đình Diệm, fails to kill King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.
  • 1962Trinidad and Tobago becomes independent.
  • 1963Crown Colony of North Borneo (now Sabah) achieves self governance.
  • 1986Aeroméxico Flight 498 collides with a Piper PA-28 Cherokee over Cerritos, California, killing 67 in the air and 15 on the ground.
  • 1986 – The Soviet passenger liner Template:SS sinks in the Black Sea after colliding with the bulk carrier Pyotr Vasev, killing 423.
  • 1987Thai Airways Flight 365 crashes into the ocean near Ko Phuket, Thailand, killing all 83 aboard.
  • 1988Delta Air Lines Flight 1141 crashes during takeoff from Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, killing 14.[2]
  • 1991Kyrgyzstan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1993 – Russia completes removing its troops from Lithuania.
  • 1994 – Russia completes removing its troops from Estonia.
  • 1996Saddam Hussein's troops seized Irbil after the Kurdish Masoud Barzani appealed for help to defeat his Kurdish rival PUK.
  • 1997Diana, Princess of Wales, her companion Dodi Fayed and driver Henri Paul die in a car crash in Paris.
  • 1999 – The first of a series of bombings in Moscow kills one person and wounds 40 others.
  • 1999 – A LAPA Boeing 737-200 crashes during takeoff from Jorge Newbury Airport in Buenos Aires, killing 65, including two on the ground.
  • 2005 – The 2005 Al-Aaimmah bridge stampede in Baghdad kills 953 people.
  • 2006Edvard Munch's famous painting The Scream, stolen on August 22, 2004, is recovered in a raid by Norwegian police.
  • 2016 – Brazil's President Dilma Rousseff is impeached and removed from office.

Births

  • AD 12Caligula, Roman emperor (d. 41)[3]
  • 161Commodus, Roman emperor (d. 192)[4]
  • 1018Jeongjong II, Korean ruler (d. 1046)
  • 1168Zhang Zong, Chinese emperor (d. 1208)
  • 1542Isabella de' Medici, Italian princess (d. 1576)[5]
  • 1569Jahangir, Mughal emperor (d. 1627)
  • 1652Ferdinando Carlo Gonzaga, Italian nobleman (d. 1708)[6]
  • 1663Guillaume Amontons, French physicist and instrument maker (d. 1705)
  • 1721George Hervey, 2nd Earl of Bristol, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1775)
  • 1741Jean-Paul-Égide Martini, French composer and educator (d. 1816)
  • 1748Jean-Étienne Despréaux, French ballet dancer, choreographer, composer, and playwright (d. 1820)
  • 1767Henry Joy McCracken, Irish businessman and activist, founded the Society of United Irishmen (d. 1798)
  • 1775Agnes Bulmer, English poet and author (d. 1836)
  • 1797Stephen Geary, English architect, inventor and entrepreneur (d. 1854)
  • 1802Husein Gradaščević, Ottoman general (d. 1834)
  • 1821Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician and physicist (d. 1894)
  • 1823Galusha A. Grow, American lawyer and politician, 28th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1907)
  • 1834Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer and educator (d. 1886)
  • 1842Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin, American journalist, publisher, and activist (d. 1924)
  • 1843Georg von Hertling, German academic and politician, 7th Chancellor of the German Empire (d. 1919)
  • 1870Maria Montessori, Italian physician and educator (d. 1952)
  • 1871James E. Ferguson, American banker and politician, 26th Governor of Texas (d. 1944)
  • 1878Frank Jarvis, American sprinter and lawyer (d. 1933)
  • 1879Alma Mahler, Austrian-American composer and author (d. 1964)
  • 1879 – Taishō, emperor of Japan (d. 1926)
  • 1880Wilhelmina, queen of the Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • 1884George Sarton, Belgian-American historian of science (d. 1956)
  • 1885DuBose Heyward, American author and playwright (d. 1940)
  • 1890August Alle, Estonian poet and author (d. 1952)
  • 1893Lily Laskine, French harp player (d. 1988)
  • 1894Albert Facey, Australian soldier and author (d. 1982)
  • 1896Brian Edmund Baker, English Air Marshal (d. 1979)
  • 1896 – Félix-Antoine Savard, Canadian priest and author (d. 1982)
  • 1897Fredric March, American lieutenant, actor, and singer (d. 1975)
  • 1900Gino Lucetti, Italian anarchist, attempted assassin of Benito Mussolini (d. 1943)
  • 1902Géza Révész, Hungarian general and politician, Hungarian Minister of Defence (d. 1977)
  • 1903Arthur Godfrey, American radio and television host (d. 1983)
  • 1903 – Vladimir Jankélévitch, French musicologist and philosopher (d. 1985)
  • 1905Robert Bacher, American physicist and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1905 – Sanford Meisner, American actor and educator (d. 1997)
  • 1907Valter Biiber, Estonian footballer (d. 1977)
  • 1907 – Augustus F. Hawkins, American lawyer and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1907 – Ramon Magsaysay, Filipino captain, engineer, and politician, 7th President of the Philippines (d. 1957)
  • 1907 – William Shawn, American journalist (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – Altiero Spinelli, Italian theorist and politician (d. 1986)
  • 1908William Saroyan, American novelist, playwright, and short story writer (d. 1981)
  • 1909Ferenc Fejtő, Hungarian-French journalist and political scientist (d. 2008)
  • 1911Edward Brongersma, Dutch journalist and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1911 – Arsenio Rodríguez, Cuban-American tres player, composer, and bandleader (d. 1970)
  • 1913Helen Levitt, American photographer and cinematographer (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Bernard Lovell, English physicist and astronomer (d. 2012)
  • 1914Richard Basehart, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1915Pete Newell, American basketball player and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1916Danny Litwhiler, American baseball player and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1916 – Daniel Schorr, American journalist and author (d. 2010)
  • 1916 – John S. Wold, American geologist and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1918Alan Jay Lerner, American songwriter and composer (d. 1986)
  • 1919Amrita Pritam, Indian poet and author (d. 2005)
  • 1921Otis G. Pike, American judge and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1921 – Raymond Williams, Welsh author and academic (d. 1988)
  • 1924John Davidson, American physician and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Buddy Hackett, American actor and singer (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Herbert Wise, Austrian-English director and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1925Moran Campbell, English-Canadian physician and academic, invented the venturi mask (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Maurice Pialat, French actor and director (d. 2003)
  • 1928James Coburn, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Jaime Sin, Filipino cardinal (d. 2005)
  • 1930Big Tiny Little, American pianist (d. 2010)
  • 1931Jean Béliveau, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Noble Willingham, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1932Allan Fotheringham, Canadian journalist (d. 2020)
  • 1932 – Roy Castle, English dancer, singer, comedian, actor, television presenter and musician (d. 1994)
  • 1935Eldridge Cleaver, American activist and author (d. 1998)
  • 1935 – Bryan Organ, English painter
  • 1935 – Frank Robinson, American baseball player and manager (d. 2019)
  • 1936Vladimir Orlov, Russian journalist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1937Warren Berlinger, American actor
  • 1937 – Bobby Parker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1938Martin Bell, English journalist and politician
  • 1939Jerry Allison, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1940Robbie Basho, American guitarist, pianist, and composer (d. 1986)
  • 1940 – Wilton Felder, American saxophonist and bass player (d. 2015)
  • 1940 – Larry Hankin, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1940 – Roger Newman, English-American actor and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1940 – Jack Thompson, Australian actor
  • 1941William DeWitt, Jr., American businessman
  • 1941 – Emmanuel Nunes, Portuguese-French composer and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1942Isao Aoki, Japanese golfer
  • 1943Leonid Ivashov, Russian general
  • 1944Roger Dean, English illustrator and publisher
  • 1944 – Liz Forgan, English journalist
  • 1944 – Christine King, English historian and academic
  • 1944 – Clive Lloyd, Guyanese cricketer
  • 1945Van Morrison, Northern Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – Itzhak Perlman, Israeli-American violinist and conductor
  • 1945 – Bob Welch, American singer and guitarist (d. 2012)
  • 1946Ann Coffey, Scottish social worker and politician
  • 1946 – Jerome Corsi, American theorist and author
  • 1946 – Tom Coughlin, American football player and coach
  • 1947Luca Cordero di Montezemolo, Italian businessman
  • 1947 – Yumiko Ōshima, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1947 – Somchai Wongsawat, Thai lawyer and politician, 26th Prime Minister of Thailand
  • 1948Harald Ertl, Austrian race car driver and journalist (d. 1982)
  • 1948 – Lowell Ganz, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1948 – Ken McMullen, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Holger Osieck, German footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Rudolf Schenker, German guitarist and songwriter
  • 1949Richard Gere, American actor and producer
  • 1949 – Hugh David Politzer, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1949 – Rick Roberts, American country-rock singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951Grant Batty, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1951 – Sirje Tamul, Estonian historian, author, and academic
  • 1952Kim Kashkashian, American viola player and educator
  • 1952 – Herbert Reul, German politician
  • 1953Miguel Ángel Guerra, Argentinian race car driver
  • 1953 – György Károly, Hungarian poet and author (d. 2018)
  • 1953 – Pavel Vinogradov, Russian astronaut and engineer
  • 1954Julie Brown, American actress and screenwriter
  • 1955Aleksander Krupa, Polish-American actor
  • 1955 – Julie Maxton, Scottish lawyer and academic
  • 1955 – Edwin Moses, American hurdler
  • 1955 – Anthony Thistlethwaite, English saxophonist and bass player
  • 1955 – Gary Webb, American journalist and author (d. 2004)
  • 1956Mária Balážová, Slovak painter and illustrator
  • 1956 – Masashi Tashiro, Japanese singer, actor, and director
  • 1956 – Tsai Ing-wen, Taiwanese politician and the President of the Republic of China
  • 1957Colm O'Rourke, Irish footballer and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Gina Schock, American drummer
  • 1957 – Glenn Tilbrook, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958Serge Blanco, Venezuelan-French rugby player and businessman
  • 1958 – Stephen Cottrell, English bishop
  • 1959Ralph Krueger, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1959 – Jessica Upshaw, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1960Vali Ionescu, Romanian long jumper
  • 1960 – Chris Whitley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2005)
  • 1960 – Hassan Nasrallah, Lebanese politician, 3rd Secretary-General of Hezbollah
  • 1961Kieran Crowley, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1961 – Magnus Ilmjärv, Estonian historian and author
  • 1962Dee Bradley Baker, American voice actor
  • 1963Reb Beach, American guitarist
  • 1963 – Rituparno Ghosh, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1963 – Sonny Silooy, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1964Raymond P. Hammond, American poet and critic
  • 1965Zsolt Borkai, Hungarian gymnast and politician
  • 1965 – Susan Gritton, English soprano and actress
  • 1966Lyuboslav Penev, Bulgarian footballer and manager
  • 1967Gene Hoglan, American drummer
  • 1967 – Anita Moen, Norwegian skier
  • 1968Valdon Dowiyogo, Nauruan politician (d. 2016)
  • 1968 – Hideo Nomo, Japanese-American baseball player
  • 1968 – Jolene Watanabe, American tennis player (d. 2019)
  • 1969Nathalie Bouvier, French skier
  • 1969 – Jonathan LaPaglia, Australian actor and physician
  • 1969 – Javagal Srinath, Indian cricketer and referee
  • 1970Debbie Gibson, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1970 – Nikola Gruevski, Macedonian economist and politician, 6th Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia
  • 1970 – Greg Mulholland, English politician
  • 1970 – Queen Rania of Jordan[7]
  • 1970 – Arie van Lent, Dutch-German footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Zack Ward, Canadian actor and producer
  • 1971Kirstie Allsopp, British TV presenter
  • 1971 – Pádraig Harrington, Irish golfer
  • 1971 – Vadim Repin, Belgian-Russian violinist
  • 1971 – Chris Tucker, American comedian and actor
  • 1973Scott Niedermayer, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1974Andriy Medvedev, Ukrainian-Monégasque tennis player
  • 1975Craig Cumming, New Zealand cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1975 – John Grahame, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1975 – Sara Ramirez, Mexican musician[8][9]
  • 1976Vincent Delerm, French singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1976 – Roque Júnior, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Radek Martínek, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1977Jeff Hardy, American wrestler and singer
  • 1977 – Ian Harte, Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Craig Nicholls, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1977 – Arzu Yanardağ, Turkish actress and model
  • 1978Philippe Christanval, French footballer
  • 1978 – Ido Pariente, Israeli mixed martial artist and trainer
  • 1978 – Craig Stapleton, Australian rugby league player
  • 1978 – Sandis Valters, Latvian basketball player
  • 1978 – Morten Qvenild, Norwegian pianist and composer
  • 1979Clay Hensley, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Mark Johnston, Canadian swimmer
  • 1979 – Simon Neil, Scottish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1979 – Yuvan Shankar Raja, Indian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1979 – Ramón Santiago, Dominican baseball player
  • 1979 – Mickie James, American wrestler
  • 1980Joe Budden, American rapper
  • 1981Ahmad Al Harthy, Omani race car driver
  • 1981 – Dwayne Peel, Welsh rugby player
  • 1981 – Steve Saviano, American ice hockey player
  • 1982Ian Crocker, American swimmer
  • 1982 – Chris Duhon, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Lien Huyghebaert, Belgian sprinter
  • 1982 – Christopher Katongo, Zambian footballer
  • 1982 – Josh Kroeger, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Alexei Mikhnov, Ukrainian-Russian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Pepe Reina, Spanish footballer
  • 1982 – Michele Rugolo, Italian race car driver
  • 1982 – G. Willow Wilson, American journalist and author
  • 1983Deniz Aydoğdu, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1983 – Milan Biševac, Serbian footballer
  • 1983 – Larry Fitzgerald, American football player
  • 1984Matti Breschel, Danish cyclist
  • 1984 – Ryan Kesler, American ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Ted Ligety, American skier
  • 1984 – Charl Schwartzel, South African golfer
  • 1985Rolando, Portuguese footballer
  • 1985 – Andrew Foster, Australian footballer
  • 1985 – Mabel Matiz, Turkish singer
  • 1985 – Mohammed bin Salman, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
  • 1987Xavi Annunziata, Spanish footballer
  • 1987 – Petros Kravaritis, Greek footballer
  • 1987 – Ondřej Pavelec, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1988Trent Hodkinson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1988 – David Ospina, Colombian footballer
  • 1988 – Ember Moon, Professional Wrestler
  • 1989Dezmon Briscoe, American football player
  • 1990Tadeja Majerič, Slovenian tennis player
  • 1991António Félix da Costa, Portuguese race car driver
  • 1991 – Cédric Soares, Portuguese footballer
  • 1992Holly Earl, British actress
  • 1992 – Tyler Randell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993Pablo Marí, Spanish football player
  • 1993 – Ilnur Alshin, Russian football player
  • 1993 – Anna Karnaukh, Russian water polo player
  • 1994Alex Harris, Scottish footballer
  • 1994 – Can Aktav, Turkish football player

Deaths

  • 318Liu Cong, emperor of the Xiongnu state
  • 577John Scholasticus, Byzantine patriarch and saint
  • 651Aidan of Lindisfarne, Irish bishop and saint
  • 731Ōtomo no Tabito, Japanese poet (b. 665)
  • 894Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Ta'i, Muslim governor
  • 970Han Xizai, Chinese official (b. 902)
  • 1054Kunigunde of Altdorf, Frankish noblewoman (b. c. 1020)
  • 1056Theodora, Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire (b. 981)
  • 1158Sancho III of Castile (b. 1134)
  • 1234Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (b. 1212)
  • 1287Konrad von Würzburg, German poet
  • 1324Henry II of Jerusalem (b. 1271)
  • 1372Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (b. 1301)
  • 1422Henry V of England (b. 1386)
  • 1450Isabella of Navarre, Countess of Armagnac (b. 1395)
  • 1502Thomas Wode, Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
  • 1528Matthias Grünewald, German artist (b. 1470)
  • 1645Francesco Bracciolini, Italian poet (b. 1566)
  • 1654Ole Worm, Danish physician and historian (b. 1588)
  • 1688John Bunyan, English preacher, theologian, and author (b. 1628)
  • 1730Gottfried Finger, Czech-German viol player and composer (b. 1660)
  • 1741Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German academic and jurist (b. 1681)
  • 1772William Borlase, English geologist and historian (b. 1695)
  • 1795François-André Danican Philidor, French-English chess player and composer (b. 1726)
  • 1799Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect and academic, designed the Bernstorff Palace and Marienlyst Castle (b. 1720)
  • 1811Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French admiral and explorer (b. 1729)
  • 1814Arthur Phillip, English admiral and politician, 1st Governor of New South Wales (b. 1738)
  • 1817Sir John Duckworth, 1st Baronet, English admiral and politician, 39th Commodore Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1747)
  • 1818Robert Calder, Scottish admiral (b. 1745)[10]
  • 1867Charles Baudelaire, French poet and critic (b. 1821)
  • 1869Mary Ward, Irish astronomer and entomologist (b. 1827)
  • 1884Robert Torrens, Irish-Australian politician, 3rd Premier of South Australia (b. 1814)
  • 1908Leslie Green, English architect (b. 1875)
  • 1910Emīls Dārziņš, Latvian composer, conductor, and music critic (b. 1875)
  • 1912Jean, duc Decazes, French sailor (b. 1864)
  • 1920Wilhelm Wundt, German physician, psychologist, and philosopher (b. 1832)
  • 1924Todor Aleksandrov, Bulgarian soldier (b. 1881)
  • 1927Andranik, Armenian general (b. 1865)
  • 1937Ruth Baldwin, British socialite (b. 1905)[11]
  • 1940Georges Gauthier, Canadian archbishop (b. 1871)
  • 1941Thomas Bavin, New Zealand-Australian politician, 24th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1874)
  • 1941 – Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet and author (b. 1892)
  • 1948Andrei Zhdanov, Russian civil servant and politician (b. 1896)
  • 1951Paul Demel, Czech actor (b. 1903)
  • 1952Henri Bourassa, Canadian publisher and politician (b. 1868)
  • 1954Elsa Barker, American author and poet (b. 1869)
  • 1963Georges Braque, French painter and sculptor (b. 1882)
  • 1965E. E. Smith, American engineer and author (b. 1890)
  • 1967Ilya Ehrenburg, Russian journalist and author (b. 1891)
  • 1968John Hartle, English motorcycle racer (b. 1933)
  • 1969Rocky Marciano, American boxer (b. 1923)
  • 1973John Ford, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1894)
  • 1974William Pershing Benedict, American soldier and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 1974 – Norman Kirk, New Zealand engineer and politician, 29th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1923)
  • 1978John Wrathall, Rhodesian accountant and politician, 2nd President of Rhodesia (b. 1913)
  • 1979Sally Rand, American actress and dancer (b. 1904)
  • 1979 – Tiger Smith, English cricketer and coach (b. 1886)
  • 1984Audrey Wagner, American baseball player, obstetrician, and gynecologist (b. 1927)
  • 1985Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1986Elizabeth Coatsworth, American author and poet (b. 1893)
  • 1986 – Urho Kekkonen, Finnish journalist, lawyer, and politician, 8th President of Finland (b. 1900)
  • 1986 – Henry Moore, English sculptor and illustrator (b. 1898)
  • 1990Nathaniel Clifton, American basketball player and coach (b. 1922)
  • 1991Cliff Lumsdon, Canadian swimmer and coach (b. 1931)
  • 1997Dodi Fayed, Egyptian film producer (b. 1955)
  • 1997 – Diana, Princess of Wales (b. 1961)[12]
  • 2000Lucille Fletcher, American screenwriter (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Dolores Moore, American baseball player and educator (b. 1932)
  • 2002Lionel Hampton, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1908)
  • 2002 – Farhad Mehrad, Persian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and pianist (b. 1944)
  • 2002 – George Porter, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2005Joseph Rotblat, Polish-English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
  • 2006Mohamed Abdelwahab, Egyptian footballer (b. 1983)
  • 2006 – Tom Delaney, English race car driver and businessman (b. 1911)
  • 2007Gay Brewer, American golfer (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Jean Jacques Paradis, Canadian general (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Sulev Vahtre, Estonian historian and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2008Ken Campbell, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2008 – Ike Pappas, American journalist (b. 1933)
  • 2008 – Victor Yates, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1939)
  • 2010Laurent Fignon, French cyclist (b. 1960)
  • 2011Wade Belak, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1976)
  • 2012Max Bygraves, English actor (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Joe Lewis, American martial artist and actor (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Carlo Maria Martini, Italian cardinal (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Kashiram Rana, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – John C. Shabaz, American judge and politician (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Sergey Sokolov, Russian commander and politician, 6th Minister of Defence for The Soviet Union (b. 1911)
  • 2013Alan Carrington, English chemist and academic (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – David Frost, English journalist and game show host (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Jimmy Greenhalgh, English footballer and manager (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Jan Camiel Willems, Belgian mathematician and theorist (b. 1939)
  • 2014Bapu, Indian director and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Ștefan Andrei, Romanian politician, 87th Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Stan Goldberg, American illustrator (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Carol Vadnais, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1945)
  • 2015Edward Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 3rd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu, English politician, founded the National Motor Museum (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Tom Scott, American football player (b. 1930)
  • 2018Carole Shelley, British-American actress (b. 1939)[13]
  • 2019Anthoine Hubert, French racing driver (b. 1996)[14]
  • 2019 – Alec Holowka, Canadian game developer (b. 1983)[15]
  • 2020 - Pranab Mukherjee, Former President of India (b. 1935)[16]

Holidays and observances

  • Baloch-Pakhtun Unity Day (Balochs and Pashtuns, International observance)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Aidan of Lindisfarne
    • Aristides of Athens
    • Cuthburh
    • Dominguito del Val
    • Joseph of Arimathea
    • Nicodemus
    • Paulinus of Trier
    • Raymond Nonnatus
    • Wala of Corbie
    • Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria
    • August 31 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Solidarity and Freedom (Poland)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Kyrgyzstan from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Malaya from the United Kingdom in 1957.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Trinidad and Tobago from the United Kingdom in 1962.
  • National Language Day (Moldova)
  • National Trail Mix Day (United States)
  • North Borneo Self-government Day (Sabah, Borneo)

References

  1. Letters Patent No. 589,168, issued August 31, 1897. Application filed August 24, 1891 (Serial No. 403,534). Signed and witnessed on July 31, 1891. United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Retrieved November 25, 2013.
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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