Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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Events

  • AD 8Roman Empire general Tiberius defeats the Dalmatae on the river Bosna.
  • AD 70 – Fires resulting from the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem are extinguished.
  • 435 – Deposed Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius, considered the originator of Nestorianism, is exiled by Roman Emperor Theodosius II to a monastery in Egypt.
  • 881Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu: Louis III of France defeats the Vikings, an event celebrated in the poem Ludwigslied.
  • 908Battle of Eisenach: An invading Hungarian force defeats an East Frankish army under Duke Burchard of Thuringia.
  • 1031Olaf II of Norway is canonized as Saint Olaf by Grimketel, the English Bishop of Selsey.
  • 1057 – Frederik van Lotharingen elected as first Belgian Pope Stephen IX.
  • 1342 – The Siege of Algeciras commences during the Spanish Reconquista.
  • 1492Christopher Columbus sets sail from Palos de la Frontera, Spain.
  • 1527 – The first known letter from North America is sent by John Rut while at St. John's, Newfoundland.
  • 1601Long War: Austria captures Transylvania in the Battle of Goroszló.
  • 1645Thirty Years' War: The Second Battle of Nördlingen sees French forces defeating those of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1678Robert LaSalle builds the Le Griffon, the first known ship built on the Great Lakes.
  • 1778 – The theatre La Scala in Milan is inaugurated with the première of Antonio Salieri's Europa riconosciuta.
  • 1795Treaty of Greenville is signed, ending the Northwest Indian War in the Ohio Country.
  • 1811 – First ascent of Jungfrau, third highest summit in the Bernese Alps by brothers Johann Rudolf and Hieronymus Meyer.
  • 1829 – The Treaty of Lewistown is signed by the Shawnee and Seneca peoples, exchanging land in Ohio for land west of the Mississippi River.[1]
  • 1852Harvard University wins the first Boat Race between Yale University and Harvard. The race is also the first American intercollegiate athletic event.
  • 1859 – The American Dental Association is founded in Niagara Falls, New York.
  • 1900 – The Firestone Tire and Rubber Company is founded.
  • 1903Macedonian rebels in Kruševo proclaim the Kruševo Republic, which exists for only ten days before Ottoman Turks lay waste to the town.
  • 1907 – Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis fines Standard Oil of Indiana a record $29.4 million for illegal rebating to freight carriers; the conviction and fine are later reversed on appeal.
  • 1914World War I: Germany declares war against France, while Romania declares its neutrality.
  • 1921Major League Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis confirms the ban of the eight Chicago Black Sox, the day after they were acquitted by a Chicago court.
  • 1936Jesse Owens wins the 100 metre dash, defeating Ralph Metcalfe, at the Berlin Olympics.
  • 1936 – A fire wipes out Kursha-2 in the Meshchera Lowlands, Ryazan Oblast, Russia, killing 1,200 and leaving only 20 survivors.
  • 1940World War II: Italian forces begin the invasion of British Somaliland.
  • 1946Santa Claus Land, the world's first themed amusement park, opens in Santa Claus, Indiana, United States.
  • 1948Whittaker Chambers accuses Alger Hiss of being a communist and a spy for the Soviet Union.
  • 1949 – The Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League finalize the merger that would create the National Basketball Association.
  • 1958 – The world's first nuclear submarine, the USS Nautilus, becomes the first vessel to complete a submerged transit of the geographical North Pole.
  • 1959 – Portugal's state police force PIDE fires upon striking workers in Bissau, Portuguese Guinea, killing over 50 people.
  • 1960Niger gains independence from France.
  • 1972 – The United States Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
  • 1975 – A privately chartered Boeing 707 strikes a mountain peak and crashes near Agadir, Morocco, killing 188.
  • 1977Tandy Corporation announces the TRS-80, one of the world's first mass-produced personal computers.
  • 1981Senegalese opposition parties, under the leadership of Mamadou Dia, launch the Antiimperialist Action Front – Suxxali Reew Mi.
  • 1997Oued El-Had and Mezouara massacre in Algeria: A total of 116 villagers killed, 40 in Oued El-Had and 76 in Mezouara.
  • 1997 – The tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere, Sky Tower in downtown Auckland, New Zealand, opens after two-and-a-half years of construction.[2]
  • 2004 – The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopens after being closed since the September 11 attacks.
  • 2005President of Mauritania Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya is overthrown in a military coup while attending the funeral of King Fahd in Saudi Arabia.
  • 2007 – Former Deputy Director of the Chilean secret police Raúl Iturriaga is captured after having been on the run following a conviction for kidnapping.
  • 2010Widespread rioting erupts in Karachi, Pakistan, after the assassination of a local politician, leaving at least 85 dead and at least 17 billion Pakistani rupees (US$200 million) in damage.
  • 2014 – A 6.1 magnitude earthquake kills at least 617 people and injures more than 2,400 in Yunnan, China.
  • 2018 – Two burka-clad men kill 29 people and injure more than 80 in a suicide attack on a Shia mosque in eastern Afghanistan.[3]
  • 2019 – Six hundred protesters, including opposition leader Lyubov Sobol, are arrested in an election protest in Moscow, Russia.[4]
  • 2019 – Twenty-three people are killed and 23 injured in a shooting in El Paso, Texas.[5][6]

Births

  • 1486Imperia Cognati, Italian courtesan (d. 1512)
  • 1491Maria of Jülich-Berg, German noblewoman (d. 1543)
  • 1509Étienne Dolet, French scholar and translator (d. 1546)
  • 1622Wolfgang Julius, Count of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein, German field marshal (d. 1698)
  • 1692John Henley, English minister and poet (d. 1759)
  • 1766Aaron Chorin, Hungarian rabbi and author (d. 1844)
  • 1770Frederick William III of Prussia (d. 1840)
  • 1803Joseph Paxton, English gardener and architect, designed The Crystal Palace (d. 1865)
  • 1808Hamilton Fish, American lawyer and politician, 26th United States Secretary of State (d. 1893)
  • 1811Elisha Otis, American businessman, founded the Otis Elevator Company (d. 1861)
  • 1817Archduke Albrecht, Duke of Teschen (d. 1895)
  • 1823Thomas Francis Meagher, Irish-American revolutionary and military leader, territorial governor of Montana (d. 1867)
  • 1832Ivan Zajc, Croatian composer, conductor, and director (d. 1914)
  • 1840John Bigham, 1st Viscount Mersey, English jurist and politician (d. 1929)
  • 1850Reginald Heber Roe, English-Australian swimmer, tennis player, and academic (d. 1926)
  • 1856Alfred Deakin, Australian lawyer and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1919)
  • 1860William Kennedy Dickson, French-Scottish actor, director, and producer (d. 1935)
  • 1863Géza Gárdonyi, Hungarian author and journalist (d. 1922)
  • 1867Stanley Baldwin, English businessman and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1947)
  • 1871Vernon Louis Parrington, American historian and scholar (d. 1929)
  • 1872Haakon VII of Norway (d. 1957)
  • 1886Maithili Sharan Gupt, Indian poet and playwright (d. 1964)
  • 1887Rupert Brooke, English poet (d. 1915)
  • 1890Konstantin Melnikov, Russian architect, designed the Rusakov Workers' Club (d. 1974)
  • 1894Harry Heilmann, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1951)
  • 1895Allen Bathurst, Lord Apsley, English politician (d. 1942)
  • 1896Ralph Horween, American football player and coach (d. 1997)
  • 1899Louis Chiron, Monegasque race car driver (d. 1979)
  • 1900Ernie Pyle, American soldier and journalist (d. 1945)
  • 1900 – John T. Scopes, American educator (d. 1970)
  • 1901John C. Stennis, American lawyer and politician (d. 1995)
  • 1901 – Stefan Wyszyński, Polish cardinal (d. 1981)
  • 1902Regina Jonas, German rabbi (d. 1944)
  • 1902 – David Buttolph, American film composer (d. 1983)
  • 1903Habib Bourguiba, Tunisian journalist and politician, 1st President of the Republic of Tunisia (d. 2000)
  • 1904Dolores del Río, Mexican actress (d. 1983)
  • 1904 – Clifford D. Simak, American journalist and author (d. 1988)
  • 1905Franz König, Austrian cardinal (d. 2004)
  • 1907Lawrence Brown, American trombonist and composer (d. 1988)
  • 1907 – Ernesto Geisel, Brazilian general and politician, 29th President of Brazil (d. 1996)
  • 1907 – Yang Shangkun, Chinese politician, and 4th President of China (d.1998)
  • 1909Walter Van Tilburg Clark, American author and educator (d. 1971)
  • 1911Alex McCrindle, Scottish actor and producer (d. 1990)
  • 1912Fritz Hellwig, German politician (d. 2017)
  • 1913Mel Tolkin, Ukrainian-American screenwriter and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1916Shakeel Badayuni, Indian poet and songwriter (d. 1970)
  • 1916 – José Manuel Moreno, Argentinian footballer and manager (d. 1978)
  • 1917Les Elgart, American trumpet player and bandleader (d. 1995)
  • 1918James MacGregor Burns, American historian, political scientist, and author (d. 2014)
  • 1918 – Sidney Gottlieb, American chemist and theorist (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Larry Haines, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1918 – Eddie Jefferson, American singer-songwriter (d. 1979)
  • 1920Norman Dewis, English test driver and engineer (d. 2019)
  • 1920 – Max Fatchen, Australian journalist and author (d. 2012)
  • 1920 – P. D. James, English author (d. 2014)
  • 1920 – Charlie Shavers, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1971)
  • 1920 – Elmar Tampõld, Estonian-Canadian architect (d. 2013)
  • 1921Richard Adler, American composer and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1921 – Marilyn Maxwell, American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1922John Eisenhower, American historian, general, and diplomat, 45th United States Ambassador to Belgium (d. 2013)
  • 1923Jean Hagen, American actress (d. 1977)[7]
  • 1923 – Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria (d. 2012)
  • 1924Connie Converse, American musician and singer-songwriter
  • 1924Leon Uris, American soldier and author (d. 2003)
  • 1925Marv Levy, American-Canadian football player, coach, and manager
  • 1925 – Lewis Rowland, American neurologist (d. 2017)
  • 1926Rona Anderson, Scottish-English actress (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Tony Bennett, American singer and actor
  • 1926 – Anthony Sampson, English journalist and author (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Gordon Scott, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1928Cécile Aubry, French actress, director, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1928 – Henning Moritzen, Danish actor (d. 2012)
  • 1930James Komack, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1933Pat Crawford, Australian cricketer (d. 2009)
  • 1934Haystacks Calhoun, American wrestler and actor (d. 1989)
  • 1934 – Michael Chapman, English bassoon player (d. 2005)
  • 1934 – Jonas Savimbi, Angolan general, founded UNITA (d. 2002)
  • 1935John Erman, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1935 – Georgy Shonin, Ukrainian-Russian general, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1997)
  • 1935 – Vic Vogel, Canadian pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 2019)
  • 1936Jerry G. Bishop, American radio and television host (d. 2013)
  • 1936 – Edward Petherbridge, English actor
  • 1937Steven Berkoff, English actor, director, and playwright
  • 1937 – Roland Burris, American lawyer and politician, 39th Illinois Attorney General
  • 1937 – Tom Georgeson, English actor
  • 1937 – Duncan Sharpe, Pakistani-Australian cricketer
  • 1938Terry Wogan, Irish-English radio and television host (d. 2016)
  • 1939Jimmie Nicol, English drummer
  • 1939 – Apoorva Sengupta, Indian general and cricketer (d. 2013)
  • 1940Lance Alworth, American football player
  • 1940 – Martin Sheen, American actor and producer
  • 1940 – James Tyler, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1941Beverly Lee, American singer
  • 1941 – Martha Stewart, American businesswoman, publisher, and author, founded Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia[8]
  • 1943Béla Bollobás, Hungarian-English mathematician and academic
  • 1943 – Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson of Sweden
  • 1943 – Steven Millhauser, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1944Nino Bravo, Spanish singer (d. 1973)
  • 1945Eamon Dunphy, Irish footballer and journalist
  • 1946Robert Ayling, English businessman
  • 1946 – Jack Straw, English lawyer and politician, Shadow Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1946 – Syreeta Wright, American singer-songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – John York, American bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1947Ralph Wright, English footballer (d. 2020)
  • 1948Jean-Pierre Raffarin, French lawyer and politician, 166th Prime Minister of France
  • 1949Philip Casnoff, American actor and director
  • 1949 – B. B. Dickerson, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1949 – Sue Slipman, English politician
  • 1950Linda Howard, American author
  • 1950 – John Landis, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Jo Marie Payton, American actress and singer
  • 1950 – Ernesto Samper, Colombian economist and politician, 29th President of Colombia
  • 1951Marcel Dionne, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Jay North, American actor
  • 1952Osvaldo Ardiles, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1953Ian Bairnson, Scottish saxophonist and keyboard player
  • 1953 – Marlene Dumas, South African painter
  • 1954Michael Arthur, English physician and academic
  • 1954 – Gary Peters, English footballer and manager
  • 1956Kirk Brandon, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1956 – Todd Christensen, American football player and sportscaster (d. 2013)
  • 1956 – Dave Cloud, American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2015)
  • 1956 – Balwinder Sandhu, Indian cricketer and coach
  • 1957Bodo Rudwaleit, German footballer and manager
  • 1957 – Kate Wilkinson, New Zealand lawyer and politician, 11th New Zealand Minister of Conservation
  • 1958Lindsey Hilsum, English journalist and author
  • 1958 – Ana Kokkinos, Australian director and screenwriter
  • 1959Martin Atkins, English drummer and producer
  • 1959 – Mike Gminski, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1959 – John C. McGinley, American actor and producer
  • 1959 – Koichi Tanaka, Japanese chemist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1960Tim Mayotte, American tennis player and coach
  • 1960 – Gopal Sharma, Indian cricketer
  • 1961Molly Hagan, American actress
  • 1961 – Nick Harvey, English politician, Minister of State for the Armed Forces
  • 1961 – Lee Rocker, American bassist
  • 1963Tasmin Archer, English pop singer[9]
  • 1963 – Frano Botica, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1963 – James Hetfield, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963 – David Knox, Australian rugby player
  • 1963 – Ed Roland, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1963 – Lisa Ann Walter, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Isaiah Washington, American actor and producer[10]
  • 1964Lucky Dube, South African singer and keyboard player (d. 2007)
  • 1964 – Ralph Knibbs, British rugby union player[11]
  • 1964 – Nate McMillan, American basketball player and coach
  • 1964 – Kevin Sumlin, American football player and coach
  • 1964 – Abhisit Vejjajiva, English-Thai economist and politician, 27th Prime Minister of Thailand
  • 1966Brent Butt, Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Gizz Butt, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1966 – Eric Esch, American wrestler, boxer, and mixed martial artist
  • 1967Mathieu Kassovitz, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter, founded MNP Entreprise
  • 1967 – Skin, English singer and guitarist
  • 1968Rod Beck, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1969Doug Overton, American basketball player and coach
  • 1970Stephen Carpenter, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1970 – Gina G, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1970 – Masahiro Sakurai, Japanese video game designer
  • 1971Forbes Johnston, Scottish footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1971 – DJ Spinderella, American DJ, rapper, producer, and actress
  • 1972Sandis Ozoliņš, Latvian ice hockey player and politician
  • 1973Jay Cutler, American bodybuilder
  • 1973 – Nikos Dabizas, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Michael Ealy, American actor[10]
  • 1973 – Chris Murphy, American politician, junior senator of Connecticut
  • 1975Wael Gomaa, Egyptian footballer
  • 1975 – Argyro Strataki, Greek heptathlete
  • 1976Troy Glaus, American baseball player
  • 1977Tom Brady, American football player
  • 1977 – Justin Lehr, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Óscar Pereiro, Spanish cyclist and footballer
  • 1978Joi Chua, Singaporean singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1978 – Mariusz Jop, Polish footballer
  • 1978 – Jenny Tinmouth, English motorcycle racer
  • 1978 – Dimitrios Zografakis, Greek footballer
  • 1979Evangeline Lilly, Canadian model and actress
  • 1980Nadia Ali, Libyan-American singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Dominic Moore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Tony Pashos, American football player
  • 1980 – Brandan Schieppati, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980 – Hannah Simone, Canadian television host and actress
  • 1981Fikirte Addis, Ethiopian fashion designer
  • 1981 – Travis Bowyer, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Pablo Ibáñez, Spanish footballer
  • 1982Kaspar Kokk, Estonian skier
  • 1982 – Jesse Lumsden, Canadian bobsledder and football player
  • 1982 – Damien Sandow, American wrestler
  • 1983Ryan Carter, American ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Mark Reynolds, American baseball player
  • 1984Yasin Avcı, Turkish footballer
  • 1984 – Sunil Chhetri, Indian footballer
  • 1984 – Matt Joyce, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Ryan Lochte, American swimmer
  • 1984 – Chris Maurer, American singer and bass player
  • 1985Georgina Haig, Australian actress[12]
  • 1985 – Brent Kutzle, American bass player and producer
  • 1985 – Ats Purje, Estonian footballer
  • 1985 – Sonny Bill Williams, New Zealand rugby player and boxer
  • 1986Charlotte Casiraghi, Monégasque journalist, co-founded Ever Manifesto
  • 1986 – Darya Domracheva, Belarusian biathlete
  • 1987Kim Hyung-jun, South Korean singer and dancer
  • 1987 – Chris McQueen, Australian-English rugby league player
  • 1988Denny Cardin, Italian footballer
  • 1988 – Leigh Tiffin, American football player
  • 1988 – Sven Ulreich, German footballer
  • 1989Jules Bianchi, French race car driver (d. 2015)
  • 1989 – Sam Hutchinson, English footballer
  • 1989 – Tyrod Taylor, American football player
  • 1989 – Nick Viergever, Dutch footballer
  • 1990Jourdan Dunn, English model
  • 1990 – Kang Min-kyung, South Korean singer
  • 1992Gamze Bulut, Turkish runner
  • 1992 – Gesa Felicitas Krause, German runner
  • 1992 – Diāna Marcinkēviča, Latvian tennis player
  • 1992 – Aljon Mariano, Filipino basketball player
  • 1992 – Lum Rexhepi, Finnish footballer
  • 1993Ola Abidogun, English sprinter
  • 1993 – Yurina Kumai, Japanese singer
  • 1994Manaia Cherrington, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1994 – Todd Gurley, American football player
  • 1995Victoria Kan, Russian tennis player
  • 1999Yoo Yeon-jung, South Korean singer

Deaths

  • 908Burchard, duke of Thuringia
  • 908 – Egino, duke of Thuringia
  • 908 – Rudolf I, bishop of Würzburg
  • 925Cao, Chinese empress dowager
  • 979Thietmar, margrave of Meissen
  • 1003At-Ta'i, Abbasid caliph (b. 932)
  • 1355Bartholomew de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh, English nobleman
  • 1460James II, king of Scotland (b. 1430)
  • 1527Scaramuccia Trivulzio, Italian cardinal
  • 1530Francesco Ferruccio, Italian captain (b. 1489)
  • 1546Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect, designed the Apostolic Palace (b. 1484)
  • 1546 – Étienne Dolet, French scholar and translator (b. 1509)
  • 1604Bernardino de Mendoza, Spanish commander and diplomat (b. 1540)
  • 1621Guillaume du Vair, French lawyer and author (b. 1556)
  • 1712Joshua Barnes, English historian and scholar (b. 1654)
  • 1720Anthonie Heinsius, Dutch politician (b. 1641)
  • 1721Grinling Gibbons, Dutch-English sculptor and woodcarver (b. 1648)
  • 1761Johann Matthias Gesner, German scholar and academic (b. 1691)
  • 1773Stanisław Konarski, Polish poet and playwright (b. 1700)
  • 1780Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French epistemiologist and philosopher (b. 1715)
  • 1792Richard Arkwright, English engineer and businessman (b. 1732)
  • 1797Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, English field marshal and politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1717)
  • 1805Christopher Anstey, English author and poet (b. 1724)
  • 1835Wenzel Müller, Austrian composer and conductor (b. 1767)
  • 1839Dorothea von Schlegel, German author and translator (b. 1763)
  • 1857Eugène Sue, French author and politician (b. 1804)
  • 1866Gábor Klauzál, Hungarian politician, Hungarian Minister of Agriculture (b. 1804)
  • 1867Philipp August Böckh, German historian and scholar (b. 1785)
  • 1877William B. Ogden, American businessman and politician, 1st Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
  • 1879Joseph Severn, English painter (b. 1793)
  • 1894George Inness, American painter (b. 1825)
  • 1913William Lyne, Australian politician, 13th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1844)
  • 1916Roger Casement, Irish poet and activist (b. 1864)
  • 1917Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician and academic (b. 1849)
  • 1920Peeter Süda, Estonian organist and composer (b. 1883)
  • 1922Ture Malmgren, Swedish journalist and politician (b. 1851)
  • 1924Joseph Conrad, Polish-born British novelist (b. 1857)
  • 1925William Bruce, Australian cricketer (b. 1864)
  • 1929Emile Berliner, German-American inventor and businessman, invented the phonograph (b. 1851)
  • 1929 – Thorstein Veblen, American economist and sociologist (b. 1857)
  • 1936Konstantin Konik, Estonian surgeon and politician, 19th Estonian Minister of Education (b. 1873)
  • 1942Richard Willstätter, German-Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1872)
  • 1943Frumka Płotnicka, Polish resistance fighter during World War II (b. 1914)[13]
  • 1949Ignotus, Hungarian poet and author (b. 1869)
  • 1954Colette, French novelist and journalist (b. 1873)
  • 1958Peter Collins, English race car driver (b. 1931)
  • 1959Herb Byrne, Australian footballer (b. 1887)
  • 1961Hilda Rix Nicholas, Australian artist (b. 1884)
  • 1964Flannery O'Connor, American short story writer and novelist (b. 1925)
  • 1966Lenny Bruce, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 1968Konstantin Rokossovsky, Marshal of the Soviet Union during World War II (b. 1896)
  • 1969Alexander Mair, Australian politician, 26th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1889)
  • 1972Giannis Papaioannou, Turkish-Greek composer (b. 1913)
  • 1973Richard Marshall, American general (b. 1895)
  • 1974Edgar Johan Kuusik, Estonian architect and interior designer (b. 1888)
  • 1975Andreas Embirikos, Greek poet and photographer (b. 1901)
  • 1977Makarios III, Cypriot archbishop and politician, 1st President of the Republic of Cyprus (b. 1913)
  • 1977 – Alfred Lunt, American actor and director (b. 1892)
  • 1979Bertil Ohlin, Swedish economist and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1979 – Angelos Terzakis, Greek author and playwright (b. 1907)
  • 1983Carolyn Jones, American actress (b. 1930)
  • 1995Ida Lupino, English-American actress and director (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – Edward Whittemore, American soldier and author (b. 1933)
  • 1996Jørgen Garde, Danish admiral (b. 1939)
  • 1997Pietro Rizzuto, Italian-Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1934)
  • 1998Alfred Schnittke, Russian composer and journalist (b. 1934)
  • 1999Rod Ansell, Australian hunter (b. 1953)
  • 1999 – Byron Farwell, American historian and author (b. 1921)
  • 2000Joann Lõssov, Estonian basketball player and coach (b. 1921)
  • 2001Christopher Hewett, English actor and director (b. 1922)
  • 2003Roger Voudouris, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1954)
  • 2004Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer and painter (b. 1908)
  • 2005Françoise d'Eaubonne, French author and poet (b. 1920)
  • 2006Arthur Lee, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, German-English soprano and actress (b. 1915)
  • 2007John Gardner, English author (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Peter Thorup, Danish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1948)
  • 2008Skip Caray, American sportscaster (b. 1939)
  • 2008 – Erik Darling, American singer-songwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2008 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist, dramatist and historian, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2009Nikolaos Makarezos, Greek soldier and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1919)
  • 2010Bobby Hebb, American singer-songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2011William Sleator, American author (b. 1945)
  • 2011 – Bubba Smith, American football player and actor (b. 1945)
  • 2012Frank Evans, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Martin Fleischmann, Czech-English chemist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Paul McCracken, American economist and academic (b. 1915)
  • 2012 – John Pritchard, American basketball player (b. 1927)
  • 2013John Coombs, English-Monegasque race car driver and businessman (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Jack English Hightower, American lawyer and politician (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Jack Hynes, Scottish-American soccer player and manager (b. 1920)
  • 2014Miangul Aurangzeb, Pakistani captain and politician, 19th Governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Edward Clancy, Australian cardinal (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Dorothy Salisbury Davis, American author (b. 1916)
  • 2014 – Kenny Drew, Jr., American pianist and composer (b. 1958)
  • 2014 – Lydia Yu-Jose, Filipino political scientist and academic (b. 1944)
  • 2015Robert Conquest, English-American historian, poet, and academic (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Mel Farr, American football player and businessman (b. 1944)
  • 2015 – Coleen Gray, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Margot Loyola, Chilean singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Johanna Quandt, German businesswoman (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Jef Murray, Australian artist and author (b. 1960)
  • 2020John Hume, Northern Irish politician (b. 1937)[14]

Holidays and observances

  • Anniversary of the Killing of Pidjiguiti (Guinea-Bissau)
  • Armed Forces Day (Equatorial Guinea)
  • Christian feast day:
    • George Freeman Bragg, W. E. B. Du Bois (Episcopal Church)
    • Lydia of Thyatira
    • Myrrhbearers (Lutheran Church)
    • Nicodemus
    • Olaf II of Norway (Translation of the relic)
    • Stephen (Discovery of the relic)
    • Waltheof of Melrose
    • August 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Flag Day (Venezuela)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Niger from France in 1960.
    • Arbor Day (Niger)
  • National Guard Day (Venezuela)
  • International Beer Day (2018)

References

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  9. https://www.allmusic.com/artist/tasmin-archer-mn0000014931/biography
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  11. http://en.espn.co.uk/scrum/rugby/player/252243.html
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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