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Events

  • 708Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 708).
  • 870 – The city of Melite surrenders to an Aghlabid army following a siege, putting an end to Byzantine Malta.
  • 1009Mainz Cathedral suffers extensive damage from a fire, which destroys the building on the day of its inauguration.
  • 1261Pope Urban IV succeeds Pope Alexander IV as the 182nd pope.
  • 1315Battle of Montecatini: The army of the Republic of Pisa, commanded by Uguccione della Faggiuola, wins a decisive victory against the joint forces of the Kingdom of Naples and the Republic of Florence despite being outnumbered.
  • 1350Battle of Winchelsea (or Les Espagnols sur Mer): The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships.
  • 1475 – The Treaty of Picquigny ends a brief war between the kingdoms of France and England.
  • 1484Pope Innocent VIII succeeds Pope Sixtus IV.
  • 1498Vasco da Gama decides to depart Calicut and return to Kingdom of Portugal.
  • 1521 – The Ottoman Turks capture Nándorfehérvár (Belgrade).
  • 1526Battle of Mohács: The Ottoman Turks led by Suleiman the Magnificent defeat and kill the last Jagiellonian king of Hungary and Bohemia.
  • 1541 – The Ottoman Turks capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom.
  • 1728 – The city of Nuuk in Greenland is founded as the fort of Godt-Haab by the royal governor Claus Paarss.
  • 1756Frederick the Great attacks Saxony, beginning the Seven Years' War in Europe.
  • 1758 – The Treaty of Easton establishes the first American Indian reservation, at Indian Mills, New Jersey, for the Lenape.
  • 1778American Revolutionary War: British and American forces battle indecisively at the Battle of Rhode Island.
  • 1786Shays' Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, begins in response to high debt and tax burdens.
  • 1807 – British troops under Sir Arthur Wellesley defeat a Danish militia outside Copenhagen in the Battle of Køge.
  • 1831Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction.
  • 1842Treaty of Nanking signing ends the First Opium War.
  • 1861American Civil War: The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries gives Federal forces control of Pamlico Sound.
  • 1869 – The Mount Washington Cog Railway opens, making it the world's first mountain-climbing rack railway.
  • 1871Emperor Meiji orders the abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871).
  • 1885Gottlieb Daimler patents the world's first internal combustion motorcycle, the Reitwagen.
  • 1898 – The Goodyear tire company is founded.
  • 1903 – The Template:Ship, the last of the five Template:Sclass-s, is launched.
  • 1907 – The Quebec Bridge collapses during construction, killing 75 workers.
  • 1910 – The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, also known as the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty, becomes effective, officially starting the period of Japanese rule in Korea.
  • 1911Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California.
  • 1911 – The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy.[1]
  • 1914World War I: Start of the Battle of St. Quentin in which the French Fifth Army counter-attacked the invading Germans at Saint-Quentin, Aisne.
  • 1915 – US Navy salvage divers raise Template:Ship, the first U.S. submarine sunk in an accident.
  • 1916 – The United States passes the Philippine Autonomy Act.
  • 1918 – World War I: Bapaume taken by the New Zealand Division in the Hundred Days Offensive.
  • 1930 – The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
  • 1941World War II: Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is occupied by Nazi Germany following an occupation by the Soviet Union.
  • 1943 – World War II: German-occupied Denmark scuttles most of its navy; Germany dissolves the Danish government.
  • 1944 – World War II: Slovak National Uprising takes place as 60,000 Slovak troops turn against the Nazis.
  • 1949Soviet atomic bomb project: The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb, known as First Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
  • 1950Korean War: British troops arrive in Korea to bolster the US presence there.
  • 1958United States Air Force Academy opens in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
  • 1965 – The Gemini V spacecraft returns to Earth, landing in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1966The Beatles perform their last concert before paying fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
  • 1966 – Leading Egyptian thinker Sayyid Qutb is executed for plotting the assassination of President Gamal Abdel Nasser.
  • 1970Chicano Moratorium against the Vietnam War, East Los Angeles, California. Police riot kills three people, including journalist Rubén Salazar.
  • 1982 – The synthetic chemical element Meitnerium, atomic number 109, is first synthesized at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany.
  • 1991Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union suspends all activities of the Soviet Communist Party.
  • 1991 – Libero Grassi, an Italian businessman from Palermo, is killed by the Sicilian Mafia after taking a solitary stand against their extortion demands.
  • 1996Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashes into a mountain on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, killing all 141 aboard.
  • 1997Netflix is launched as an internet DVD rental service.
  • 1997 – At least 98 villagers are killed by the Armed Islamic Group of Algeria GIA in the Rais massacre, Algeria.
  • 2003Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, is assassinated in a terrorist bombing, along with nearly 100 worshippers as they leave a mosque in Najaf.
  • 2005Hurricane Katrina devastates much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing up to 1,836 people and causing $125 billion in damage.
  • 2012 – At least 26 Chinese miners are killed and 21 missing after a blast in the Xiaojiawan coal mine, located at Panzhihua, Sichuan Province.

Births

  • 979Otto (or Eudes), French nobleman (d. 1045)
  • 1321John of Artois, French nobleman (d. 1387)
  • 1347John Hastings, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English nobleman and soldier (d. 1375)
  • 1434Janus Pannonius, Hungarian bishop and poet (d. 1472)
  • 1514García Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Marquis of Villafranca, Spanish noble and admiral (d. 1577)
  • 1534Nicholas Pieck, Dutch Franciscan friar and martyr (d. 1572)
  • 1597Henry Gage, Royalist officer in the English Civil War (d. 1645)
  • 1619Jean-Baptiste Colbert, French economist and politician, Controller-General of Finances (d. 1683)
  • 1628John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1701)
  • 1632John Locke, English physician and philosopher (d. 1704)
  • 1724Giovanni Battista Casti, Italian poet and author (d. 1803)
  • 1725Charles Townshend, English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1767)
  • 1728Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, electress of Bavaria (d. 1797)
  • 1756Jan Śniadecki, Polish mathematician and astronomer (d. 1830)
  • 1756Count Heinrich von Bellegarde, Austrian general and politician (d. 1845)
  • 1773Aimé Bonpland, French botanist and explorer (d. 1858)
  • 1777Hyacinth, Russian religious leader, founded Sinology (d. 1853)
  • 1780Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French painter and illustrator (d. 1867)
  • 1792Charles Grandison Finney, American minister and author (d. 1875)
  • 1805Frederick Denison Maurice, English priest, theologian, and author (d. 1872)
  • 1809Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr., American physician and author (d. 1894)
  • 1810Juan Bautista Alberdi, Argentinian theorist and diplomat (d. 1884)
  • 1813Henry Bergh, American activist, founded the ASPCA (d. 1888)[2]
  • 1842Alfred Shaw, English cricketer, rugby player, and umpire (d. 1907)
  • 1843David B. Hill, American lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of New York (d. 1910)
  • 1844Edward Carpenter, English anthologist and poet (d. 1929)
  • 1857Sandford Schultz, English cricketer (d. 1937)
  • 1861Byron G. Harlan, American singer (d. 1936)
  • 1862Andrew Fisher, Scottish-Australian politician and diplomat, 5th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1928)
  • 1862 – Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian poet and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1949)
  • 1871Albert François Lebrun, French engineer and politician, 15th President of France (d. 1950)
  • 1875Leonardo De Lorenzo, Italian flute player and educator (d. 1962)
  • 1876Charles F. Kettering, American engineer and businessman, founded Delco Electronics (d. 1958)
  • 1876 – Kim Koo, South Korean politician, 6th President of The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (d. 1949)
  • 1887Jivraj Narayan Mehta, Indian physicians and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Gujarat (d. 1978)
  • 1888Salme Dutt, Estonian-English politician (d. 1964)
  • 1890Peder Furubotn, Norwegian Communist and anti-Nazi Resistance leader (d.1975)
  • 1891Marquis James, American journalist and author (d. 1955)
  • 1898Preston Sturges, American director and producer (d. 1959)
  • 1901Aurèle Joliat, Canadian ice hockey player and referee (d. 1986)
  • 1904Werner Forssmann, German physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1905Dhyan Chand, Indian field hockey player (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – Arndt Pekurinen, Finnish activist (d. 1941)
  • 1910Vivien Thomas, American surgeon and academic (d. 1985)[3]
  • 1911John Charnley, British orthopedic surgeon (d. 1982)
  • 1912Sohn Kee-chung, South Korean runner (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – Barry Sullivan, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Wolfgang Suschitzky, Austrian-English cinematographer and photographer (d. 2016)
  • 1913Len Butterfield, New Zealand cricketer (d. 1999)
  • 1915Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress (d. 1982)
  • 1915 – Nathan Pritikin, American nutritionist and author (d. 1985)
  • 1916Luther Davis, American playwright and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1916 – George Montgomery, American actor, stuntman, director, and producer (d. 2000)
  • 1917Isabel Sanford, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1920Charlie Parker, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1955)
  • 1920 – Herb Simpson, American baseball player (d. 2015)
  • 1920 – Otis Boykin, American inventor and engineer (d. 1982)[4][5]
  • 1922Richard Blackwell, American actor, fashion designer, and critic (d. 2008)
  • 1922 – John Edward Williams, American author and educator (d. 1994)
  • 1922 – Arthur Anderson, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1923Richard Attenborough, English actor, director, and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1924Dinah Washington, American singer and pianist (d. 1963)
  • 1926Helene Ahrweiler, Greek historian and academic
  • 1926 – Donn Fendler, American author and speaker (d. 2016)
  • 1926 – Betty Lynn, American actress
  • 1927Jimmy C. Newman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2014)
  • 1928Charles Gray, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1928 – Herbert Meier, Swiss author and translator (d. 2018)
  • 1929Thom Gunn, English-American poet and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1930Jacques Bouchard, Canadian businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Carlos Loyzaga, Filipino basketball player and coach (d. 2016)
  • 1931Stelios Kazantzidis, Greek singer and guitarist (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Lise Payette, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2018)
  • 1933Sorel Etrog, Romanian-Canadian sculptor, painter, and illustrator (d. 2014)
  • 1933 – Arnold Koller, Swiss politician
  • 1934Dimitris Papamichael, Greek actor and director (d. 2004)
  • 1935Hugo Brandt Corstius, Dutch linguist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – William Friedkin, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1935 – László Garai, Hungarian psychologist and scholar
  • 1936John McCain, American captain and politician (d. 2018)
  • 1937James Florio, American commander, lawyer, and politician, 49th Governor of New Jersey
  • 1938Elliott Gould, American actor and producer
  • 1938 – Angela Huth, English journalist and author
  • 1938 – Christian Müller, German footballer and manager
  • 1938 – Robert Rubin, American lawyer and politician, 70th United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1939Jolán Kleiber-Kontsek, Hungarian discus thrower and shot putter
  • 1939 – Joel Schumacher, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2020)
  • 1940James Brady, American politician and activist, 15th White House Press Secretary (d. 2014)
  • 1940 – Gary Gabelich, American race car driver (d. 1984)
  • 1941Robin Leach, English journalist and television host (d. 2018)
  • 1942James Glennon, American cinematographer (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – Gottfried John, German actor (d. 2014)
  • 1943Mohamed Amin, Kenyan photographer and journalist (d. 1996)
  • 1943 – Dick Halligan, American pianist and composer
  • 1943 – Arthur B. McDonald, Canadian astrophysicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945Chris Copping, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1945 – Wyomia Tyus, American sprinter
  • 1946Bob Beamon, American long jumper
  • 1946 – Francine D. Blau, American economist and academic
  • 1946 – Demetris Christofias, Cypriot businessman and politician, 6th President of Cyprus (d. 2019)
  • 1946 – Giorgio Orsoni, Italian lawyer and politician, 17th Mayor of Venice
  • 1947Temple Grandin, American ethologist, academic, and author
  • 1947 – James Hunt, English race car driver and sportscaster (d. 1993)
  • 1948Robert S. Langer, American chemical engineer, entrepreneur, and academic
  • 1949Stan Hansen, American wrestler and actor
  • 1950Doug DeCinces, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Frank Henenlotter, American director and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Dave Reichert, American soldier and politician
  • 1951Geoff Whitehorn, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952Karen Hesse, American author and poet
  • 1952 – Dave Malone, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – Don Schlitz, American Hall of Fame country music songwriter
  • 1953David Boaz, American businessman and author
  • 1953 – Richard Harding, English rugby player
  • 1953 – James Quesada, Nicaraguan-American anthropologist and academic
  • 1954Michael P. Kube-McDowell, American journalist, author, and academic
  • 1955Diamanda Galás, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1955 – Jack Lew, American lawyer and politician, 25th White House Chief of Staff
  • 1956Mark Morris, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1956 – Eddie Murray, American football player
  • 1956 – Charalambos Xanthopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1956 – Steve Yarbrough, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1957Jerry D. Bailey, American jockey and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Grzegorz Ciechowski, Polish singer-songwriter, film music composer (d. 2001)
  • 1958Lenny Henry, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Michael Jackson, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actor (d. 2009)
  • 1959Rebecca De Mornay, American actress
  • 1959 – Ramón Díaz, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1959 – Ray Elgaard, Canadian football player
  • 1959 – Chris Hadfield, Canadian colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1959 – Eddi Reader, Scottish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1959 – Timothy Shriver, American businessman and activist
  • 1959 – Stephen Wolfram, English-American physicist and mathematician
  • 1959 – Akkineni Nagarjuna, Indian film actor, Producer and Businessman
  • 1960Todd English, American chef and author
  • 1960 – Tony MacAlpine, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1961Carsten Fischer, German field hockey player
  • 1961 – Rodney McCray, American basketball player
  • 1962Carl Banks, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1962 – Hiroki Kikuta, Japanese game designer and composer
  • 1962 – Ian James Corlett, Canadian voice actor, writer, producer and author
  • 1962 – Simon Thurley, English historian and academic
  • 1963Elizabeth Fraser, Scottish singer-songwriter
  • 1964Perri "Pebbles" Reid, American dance-pop and urban contemporary singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Zisis Tsekos, Greek footballer
  • 1965Will Perdue, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1966Jörn Großkopf, German footballer and manager
  • 1967Neil Gorsuch, American judge
  • 1967 – Anton Newcombe, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968Meshell Ndegeocello, German-American singer-songwriter
  • 1969Joe Swail, Northern Irish snooker player
  • 1969 – Jennifer Crittenden, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1969 – Lucero, Mexican singer, songwriter, actress, and television host[6]
  • 1971Henry Blanco, Venezuelan baseball player and coach
  • 1971 – Alex Griffin, English bass player
  • 1971 – Carla Gugino, American actress
  • 1972Amanda Marshall, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1972 – Bae Yong-joon, South Korean actor
  • 1973Vincent Cavanagh, English singer and guitarist
  • 1973 – Olivier Jacque, French motorcycle racer
  • 1974Kumi Tanioka, Japanese keyboard player and composer
  • 1975Kyle Cook, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1976Stephen Carr, Irish footballer
  • 1976 – Phil Harvey, English businessman
  • 1976 – Kevin Kaesviharn, American football player
  • 1976 – Georgios Kalaitzis, Greek basketball player
  • 1976 – Pablo Mastroeni, Argentine-American soccer player and manager
  • 1976 – Jon Dahl Tomasson, Danish footballer and manager
  • 1977Cayetano, Greek DJ and producer
  • 1977 – Devean George, American basketball player
  • 1977 – John Patrick O'Brien, American soccer player
  • 1977 – Roy Oswalt, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Charlie Pickering, Australian comedian and radio host
  • 1977 – Aaron Rowand, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1978Volkan Arslan, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1978 – Celestine Babayaro, Nigerian footballer
  • 1979Stijn Devolder, Belgian cyclist
  • 1979 – Kristjan Rahnu, Estonian decathlete
  • 1979 – Ryan Shealy, American baseball player
  • 1980Chris Simms, American football player
  • 1980 – David West, American basketball player
  • 1981Geneviève Jeanson, Canadian cyclist
  • 1981 – Jay Ryan, New Zealand-Australian actor and producer
  • 1982Ruhila Adatia-Sood, Kenyan journalist and radio host (d. 2013)
  • 1982 – Carlos Delfino, Argentinian-Italian basketball player
  • 1982 – Vincent Enyeama, Nigerian footballer
  • 1983Antti Niemi, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1986Hajime Isayama, Japanese illustrator
  • 1986 – Lea Michele, American actress and singer
  • 1987Tony Kane, Irish footballer
  • 1990Jakub Kosecki, Polish footballer
  • 1990 – Patrick van Aanholt, Dutch footballer
  • 1991Néstor Araujo, Mexican footballer
  • 1991 – Deshaun Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1992Mallu Magalhães, Brazilian singer-songwriter
  • 1992 – Noah Syndergaard, American baseball player
  • 1993Liam Payne, English singer-songwriter

Deaths

  • 886Basil I, Byzantine emperor (b. 811)
  • 939Wang Jipeng, Chinese emperor of Min
  • 939 – Li Chunyan, Chinese empress
  • 956Fu the Elder, Chinese empress
  • 979Abu Taghlib, Hamdanid emir
  • 1021Minamoto no Yorimitsu, Japanese nobleman (b. 948)
  • 1046Gerard of Csanád Venetian monk and Hungarian bishop (b.980)[7]
  • 1093Hugh I, duke of Burgundy (b. 1057)
  • 1123Eystein I, king of Norway (b. 1088)
  • 1135Al-Mustarshid, Abbasid caliph (b. 1092)
  • 1159Bertha of Sulzbach, Byzantine empress
  • 1298Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar, English princess (b. 1269)
  • 1315Peter Tempesta, Italian nobleman (b. 1291)
  • 1315 – Charles of Taranto, Italian nobleman (b. 1296)
  • 1395Albert III, duke of Austria (b. 1349)
  • 1442John V, duke of Brittany (b. 1389)
  • 1499Alesso Baldovinetti, Florentine painter (b. 1427)
  • 1523Ulrich von Hutten, Lutheran reformer (b. 1488)
  • 1526Louis II, king of Hungary and Croatia (b. 1506)
  • 1526 – Pál Tomori Hungarian archbishop and soldier (b. 1475)
  • 1533Atahualpa, Inca emperor (b. 1497)
  • 1542Cristóvão da Gama, Portuguese commander (b. 1516)
  • 1604Hamida Banu Begum, Mughal empress (b. 1527)[8]
  • 1657John Lilburne, English activist (b. 1614)
  • 1712Gregory King, English genealogist, engraver, and statistician (b. 1648)
  • 1749Matthias Bel, Hungarian pastor and polymath (b. 1684)
  • 1769Edmond Hoyle, English author and educator (b. 1672)
  • 1780Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect, co-designed The Panthéon (b. 1713)
  • 1799Pius VI, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1717)
  • 1844Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish missionary and educator, founded the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers (b. 1762)
  • 1856Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, English author and activist (b. 1778)
  • 1866Tokugawa Iemochi, Japanese shōgun (b. 1846)
  • 1877Brigham Young, American religious leader, 2nd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1801)
  • 1889Stefan Dunjov, Bulgarian colonel (b. 1815)
  • 1891Pierre Lallement, French businessman, invented the bicycle (b. 1843)
  • 1892William Forbes Skene, Scottish historian and author (b. 1809)
  • 1904Murad V, Ottoman sultan (b. 1840)
  • 1911Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, 6th Nizam of Hyderabad (b.1866)[9]
  • 1917George Huntington Hartford, American businessman (b. 1833)
  • 1930William Archibald Spooner, English priest and author (b. 1844)
  • 1931David T. Abercrombie, American businessman, co-founded Abercrombie & Fitch (b. 1867)
  • 1944Attik, Greek pianist and composer (b. 1885)
  • 1946Adolphus Busch III, American businessman (b. 1891)
  • 1946 – John Steuart Curry, American painter and academic (b. 1897)
  • 1951Sydney Chapman, English economist and civil servant (b. 1871)
  • 1952Anton Piëch, Austrian lawyer (b. 1894)
  • 1958Marjorie Flack, American author and illustrator (b. 1897)
  • 1966Sayyid Qutb, Egyptian theorist, author, and poet (b. 1906)
  • 1968Ulysses S. Grant III, American general (b. 1881)
  • 1971Nathan Freudenthal Leopold Jr., American murderer (b. 1904)
  • 1972Lale Andersen, German singer-songwriter (b. 1905)
  • 1975Éamon de Valera, Irish soldier and politician, 3rd President of Ireland (b. 1882)
  • 1977Jean Hagen, American actress (b. 1923)[10]
  • 1977 – Brian McGuire, Australian race car driver (b. 1945)
  • 1979Gertrude Chandler Warner, American author and educator (b. 1890)
  • 1981Lowell Thomas, American journalist and author (b. 1892)
  • 1982Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress (b. 1915)
  • 1982 – Lehman Engel, American composer and conductor (b. 1910)
  • 1985Evelyn Ankers, British-American actress (b. 1918)
  • 1987Archie Campbell, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1914)
  • 1987 – Lee Marvin, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1989Peter Scott, English explorer and painter (b. 1909)
  • 1990Manly Palmer Hall, Canadian-American mystic and author (b. 1901)
  • 1991Libero Grassi, Italian businessman (b. 1924)
  • 1992Félix Guattari, French philosopher and theorist (b. 1930)
  • 1995Frank Perry, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2000Shelagh Fraser, English actress (b. 1922)
  • 2000 – Willie Maddren, English footballer and manager (b. 1951)
  • 2000 – Conrad Marca-Relli, American-Italian painter and academic (b. 1913)
  • 2001Graeme Strachan, Australian singer-songwriter & television personality (b. 1952)
  • 2001 – Francisco Rabal, Spanish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2002Lance Macklin, English race car driver (b. 1919)
  • 2003Mohammad Baqir al-Hakim, Iraqi politician (b. 1939)
  • 2003 – Patrick Procktor, English painter and academic (b. 1936)
  • 2004Hans Vonk, Dutch conductor (b. 1942)
  • 2007James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2007 – Richard Jewell, American police officer (b. 1962)
  • 2007 – Pierre Messmer, French civil servant and politician, 154th Prime Minister of France (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Alfred Peet, Dutch-American businessman, founded Peet's Coffee & Tea (b. 1920)
  • 2008Geoffrey Perkins, English actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1953)
  • 2008 – Michael Schoenberg, American geophysicist and theorist (b. 1939)
  • 2011Honeyboy Edwards, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1915)
  • 2011 – Junpei Takiguchi, Japanese voice actor (b. 1931)
  • 2012Ruth Goldbloom, Canadian academic and philanthropist, co-founded Pier 21 (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, English historian and author (b. 1953)
  • 2012 – Shoshichi Kobayashi, Japanese-American mathematician and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Anne McKnight, American soprano (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Les Moss, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Sergei Ovchinnikov, Russian volleyball player and coach (b. 1969)
  • 2013Joan L. Krajewski, American lawyer and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Medardo Joseph Mazombwe, Zambian cardinal (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Bruce C. Murray, American geologist and academic, co-founded The Planetary Society (b. 1931)
  • 2014Octavio Brunetti, Argentinian pianist and composer (b. 1975)
  • 2014 – Björn Waldegård, Swedish race car driver (b. 1943)
  • 2016Gene Wilder, American stage and screen comic actor, screenwriter, film director, and author (b. 1933)
  • 2018James Mirrlees, Scottish economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Paul Taylor, American choreographer (b. 1930) [11]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Adelphus of Metz
    • Beheading of St. John the Baptist
    • Eadwold of Cerne
    • Euphrasia Eluvathingal (Syro-Malabar Catholic Church)
    • John Bunyan (Episcopal Church)
    • Sabina
    • Vitalis, Sator and Repositus
    • August 29 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • International Day against Nuclear Tests
  • Miners' Day (Ukraine)
  • Day of Remembrance of the Defenders of Ukraine (Ukraine)
  • Municipal Police's Day (Poland)
  • National Sports Day (India)
  • Slovak National Uprising Anniversary (Slovakia)
  • Telugu Language Day (India)

References

  1. Gilbert Norman Tucker The Naval Service of Canada: Its Official History Ottawa, 1952
  2. National Cyclopedia of American Biography: Volume 3. New York: James White and Co., 1893; pg. 106.
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  9. https://www.deccanchronicle.com/lifestyle/viral-and-trending/180816/picturing-the-beloved.html
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External links

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