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Events

  • 475 – The Roman general Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his capital city, Ravenna.
  • 489Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths, defeats Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.
  • 632Fatimah, daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, dies, with her cause of death being a controversial topic among the Sunni Muslims and Shia Muslims.
  • 663SillaTang armies crush the Baekje restoration attempt and force Yamato Japan to withdraw from Korea in the Battle of Baekgang.
  • 1189Third Crusade: The Crusaders begin the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan.
  • 1521 – The Ottoman Turks occupy Belgrade.
  • 1524 – The Kaqchikel Maya rebel against their former Spanish allies during the Spanish conquest of Guatemala.
  • 1542Turkish–Portuguese War: Battle of Wofla: The Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama is captured and later executed.
  • 1565Pedro Menéndez de Avilés sights land near St. Augustine, Florida and founds the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in the continental United States.
  • 1609Henry Hudson discovers Delaware Bay.
  • 1619 – Election of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1640Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn.
  • 1648 – The Siege of Colchester ends when Royalists Forces surrender to the Parliamentary Forces after eleven weeks, during the Second English Civil War.
  • 1709Meidingnu Pamheiba is crowned King of Manipur.
  • 1789William Herschel discovers a new moon of Saturn: Enceladus.
  • 1810Battle of Grand Port: The French accept the surrender of a British Navy fleet.
  • 1830 – The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's new Tom Thumb steam locomotive races a horse-drawn car, presaging steam's role in U.S. railroads.
  • 1845 – The first issue of Scientific American magazine is published.
  • 1849 – After a month-long siege, Venice, which had declared itself independent as the Republic of San Marco, surrenders to Austria.
  • 1859 – The Carrington event is the strongest geomagnetic storm on record to strike the Earth. Electrical telegraph service is widely disrupted.
  • 1861American Civil War: Union forces attack Cape Hatteras, North Carolina in the Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries which lasts for two days.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Bull Run, also known as the Battle of Second Manassas. The battle ends on August 30.
  • 1867 – The United States takes possession of the (at this point unoccupied) Midway Atoll.
  • 1879Cetshwayo, last king of the Zulus, is captured by the British.
  • 1898Caleb Bradham's beverage "Brad's Drink" is renamed "Pepsi-Cola".
  • 1901Silliman University is founded in the Philippines. It is the first American private school in the country.
  • 1909 – A group of mid-level Greek Army officers launches the Goudi coup, seeking wide-ranging reforms.
  • 1913Queen Wilhelmina opens the Peace Palace in The Hague.
  • 1914World War I: The Royal Navy defeats the German fleet in the Battle of Heligoland Bight.
  • 1916 – World War I: Germany declares war on Romania.
  • 1916 – World War I: Italy declares war on Germany.
  • 1917 – Ten Suffragettes are arrested while picketing the White House.
  • 1921 – The Red Army dissolved the Free Territory, after driving the Black Army out of Ukraine.
  • 1924 – The Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union.
  • 1937Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • 1943Denmark in World War II: German authorities demand that Danish authorities crack down on acts of resistance. The next day, martial law is imposed on Denmark.
  • 1944 – World War II: Marseille and Toulon are liberated.
  • 1955Black teenager Emmett Till is brutally murdered in Mississippi, galvanizing the nascent civil rights movement.
  • 1957U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond begins a filibuster to prevent the Senate from voting on the Civil Rights Act of 1957; he stopped speaking 24 hours and 18 minutes later, the longest filibuster ever conducted by a single Senator.
  • 1963March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom: The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. gives his I Have a Dream speech.
  • 1964 – The Philadelphia race riot begins.
  • 1968 – Police and protesters clash during 1968 Democratic National Convention protest activity.[1]
  • 1988Ramstein air show disaster: Three aircraft of the Frecce Tricolori demonstration team collide and the wreckage falls into the crowd. Seventy-five are killed and 346 seriously injured.
  • 1990Iraq declares Kuwait to be its newest province.
  • 1990 – An F5 tornado strikes the Illinois cities of Plainfield and Joliet, killing 29 people.
  • 1993 – NASA's Galileo probe performs a flyby of the asteroid 243 Ida. Astronomers later discover a moon, the first known asteroid moon, in pictures from the flyby and name it Dactyl.
  • 1998Pakistan's National Assembly passes a constitutional amendment to make the "Qur'an and Sunnah" the "supreme law" but the bill is defeated in the Senate.
  • 1998 – Second Congo War: Loyalist troops backed by Angolan and Zimbabwean forces repulse the RCD and Rwandan offensive on Kinshasa.
  • 2003 – In "one of the most complicated and bizarre crimes in the annals of the FBI", Brian Wells dies after becoming involved in a complex plot involving a bank robbery, a scavenger hunt, and a homemade explosive device.[2]

Births

  • 932Richard I, duke of Normandy (d. 996)
  • 1023Go-Reizei, emperor of Japan (d. 1068)
  • 1366Jean Le Maingre, marshal of France (d. 1421)
  • 1476Kanō Motonobu, Japanese painter (d. 1559)
  • 1481Francisco de Sá de Miranda, Portuguese poet (d. 1558)
  • 1582Taichang, emperor of China (d. 1620)
  • 1591John Christian of Brieg, duke of Brzeg (d. 1639)
  • 1592George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English courtier and politician (d. 1628)
  • 1612Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn, Dutch linguist and scholar (d. 1653)
  • 1667Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1721)
  • 1691Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empress (d. 1750)
  • 1714Anthony Ulrich, duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1774)
  • 1728John Stark, American general (d. 1822)
  • 1739Agostino Accorimboni, Italian composer (d. 1818)
  • 1749Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German novelist, poet, playwright, and diplomat (d. 1832)
  • 1774Elizabeth Ann Seton, American nun and saint, co-founded the Sisters of Charity Federation in the Vincentian-Setonian Tradition (d. 1821)
  • 1801Antoine Augustin Cournot, French mathematician and philosopher (d. 1877)
  • 1814Sheridan Le Fanu, Irish author (d. 1873)
  • 1816Charles Sladen, English-Australian politician, 6th Premier of Victoria (d. 1884)
  • 1822Graham Berry, English-Australian politician, 11th Premier of Victoria (d. 1904)
  • 1827Catherine Mikhailovna, Russian grand duchess (d. 1894)
  • 1833Edward Burne-Jones, English artist of the Pre-Raphaelite movement (d. 1898)
  • 1837Francis von Hohenstein, duke of Teck (d. 1900)
  • 1840Alexander Cameron Sim, Scottish-Japanese pharmacist and businessman, founded Kobe Regatta & Athletic Club (d. 1900)
  • 1853Vladimir Shukhov, Russian architect and engineer, designed the Adziogol Lighthouse (d. 1939)
  • 1859Matilda Howell, American archer (d. 1938)
  • 1859 – Vittorio Sella, Italian mountaineer and photographer (d. 1943)
  • 1867Umberto Giordano, Italian composer and academic (d. 1948)
  • 1878George Whipple, American physician and pathologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1884Peter Fraser, Scottish-New Zealand journalist and politician, 24th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1950)
  • 1885Vance Palmer, Australian author, playwright, and critic (d. 1959)
  • 1887August Kippasto, Estonian-Australian wrestler and poet (d. 1973)
  • 1887 – István Kühár, Slovenian priest and politician (d. 1922)
  • 1888Evadne Price, Australian actress, astrologer, and author (d. 1985)
  • 1891Benno Schotz, Estonian-Scottish sculptor and engineer (d. 1984)
  • 1894Karl Böhm, Austrian conductor and director (d. 1981)
  • 1896Firaq Gorakhpuri, Indian author, poet, and critic (d. 1982)
  • 1898Charlie Grimm, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster (d. 1983)
  • 1899Charles Boyer, French-American actor, singer, and producer (d. 1978)
  • 1899 – Andrei Platonov, Russian author and poet (d. 1951)
  • 1899 – James Wong Howe, Chinese American cinematographer (d. 1976)
  • 1903Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian-American psychologist and author (d. 1990)
  • 1904Secondo Campini, Italian-American engineer (d. 1980)
  • 1904 – Leho Laurine, Estonian chess player (d. 1998)
  • 1905Cyril Walters, Welsh-English cricketer (d. 1992)
  • 1906John Betjeman, English poet and academic (d. 1984)
  • 1908Roger Tory Peterson, American ornithologist and author (d. 1996)
  • 1910Morris Graves, American painter and academic (d. 2001)
  • 1910 – Tjalling Koopmans, Dutch-American mathematician and economist Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)
  • 1911Joseph Luns, Dutch politician and diplomat, 5th Secretary General of NATO (d. 2002)
  • 1913Robertson Davies, Canadian journalist, author, and playwright (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Jack Dreyfus, American businessman, founded the Dreyfus Corporation (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Lindsay Hassett, Australian cricketer and sportscaster (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Robert Irving, English conductor and director (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Terence Reese, English bridge player and author (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Richard Tucker, American tenor and actor (d. 1975)
  • 1915Max Robertson, Bengal-born English sportscaster and author (d. 2009)
  • 1915 – Tasha Tudor, American author and illustrator (d. 2008)
  • 1916Hélène Baillargeon, Canadian singer and actress (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – C. Wright Mills American sociologist and author (d. 1962)
  • 1916 – Jack Vance, American author (d. 2013)
  • 1917Jack Kirby, American author and illustrator (d. 1994)
  • 1918L. B. Cole, American illustrator and publisher (d. 1995)
  • 1919Godfrey Hounsfield, English biophysicist and engineer Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1921John Herbert Chapman, Canadian physicist and engineer (d. 1979)
  • 1921 – Fernando Fernán Gómez, Spanish actor, director, and playwright (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Nancy Kulp, American actress and soldier (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Lidia Gueiler Tejada, the first female President of Bolivia (d. 2011)
  • 1924Janet Frame, New Zealand author and poet (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Tony MacGibbon, New Zealand cricketer and engineer (d. 2010)
  • 1924 – Peggy Ryan, American actress and dancer (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Zalman Schachter-Shalomi, Ukrainian-American rabbi and author (d. 2014)
  • 1925Billy Grammer, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2011)
  • 1925 – Donald O'Connor, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Philip Purser, English author and critic
  • 1928F. William Free, American businessman (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Vilayat Khan, Indian sitar player and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1929István Kertész, Hungarian conductor (d. 1973)
  • 1929 – Roxie Roker, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1930Ben Gazzara, American actor (d. 2012)
  • 1930 – Windsor Davies, British actor (d. 2019)
  • 1931Tito Capobianco, Argentinian director and producer (d. 2018)
  • 1931 – Cristina Deutekom, Dutch soprano and actress (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Ola L. Mize, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – John Shirley-Quirk, English actor, singer, and educator (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Roger Williams, English hepatologist and academic (d. 2020)
  • 1932Andy Bathgate, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (d. 2016)
  • 1932 – Yakir Aharonov, Israeli academic and educator
  • 1933Philip French, English journalist, critic, and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1933 – Patrick Kalilombe, Malawian bishop and theologian (d. 2012)
  • 1935Melvin Charney, Canadian sculptor and architect (d. 2012)
  • 1935 – Gilles Rocheleau, Canadian businessman and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1936Don Denkinger, American baseball player and umpire
  • 1936 – Warren M. Washington, American atmospheric scientist
  • 1938Maurizio Costanzo, Italian journalist and academic
  • 1938 – Paul Martin, Canadian lawyer and politician, 21st Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1938 – Bengt Fahlström, Swedish journalist (d. 2017)
  • 1939John Kingman, English mathematician and academic
  • 1940William Cohen, American lawyer and politician, 20th United States Secretary of Defense
  • 1940 – Roger Pingeon, French cyclist (d. 2017)
  • 1941Michael Craig-Martin, Irish painter and illustrator
  • 1941 – Toomas Leius, Estonian tennis player and coach
  • 1941 – John Stanley Marshall, English drummer
  • 1941 – Paul Plishka, American opera singer
  • 1942Wendy Davies, Welsh historian and academic
  • 1942 – Sterling Morrison, American singer and guitarist (d. 1995)
  • 1942 – Jorge Urosa, Venezuelan cardinal
  • 1943Surayud Chulanont, Thai general and politician, 24th Prime Minister of Thailand
  • 1943 – Robert Greenwald, American director and producer
  • 1943 – Shuja Khanzada, Pakistani colonel and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1943 – Lou Piniella, American baseball player and manager
  • 1943 – David Soul, American actor and singer
  • 1943 – Jihad Al-Atrash, Lebanese actor and voice actor
  • 1944Marianne Heemskerk, Dutch swimmer
  • 1945Bob Segarini, American-Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1947Emlyn Hughes, English footballer (d. 2004)
  • 1947 – Liza Wang, Hong Kong actress and singer
  • 1948Vonda N. McIntyre, American author (d. 2019)
  • 1948 – Murray Parker, New Zealand cricketer and educator
  • 1948 – Heather Reisman, Canadian publisher and businesswoman
  • 1948 – Danny Seraphine, American drummer and producer
  • 1948 – Elizabeth Wilmshurst, English academic and jurist
  • 1949Hugh Cornwell, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – Svetislav Pešić, Serbian basketball player and coach
  • 1950Ron Guidry, American baseball player and coach
  • 1950 – Tony Husband, English cartoonist
  • 1951Colin McAdam, Scottish footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1951 – Wayne Osmond, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1951 – Keiichi Suzuki, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1952Jacques Chagnon, Canadian educator and politician
  • 1952 – Rita Dove, American poet and essayist
  • 1952 – Wendelin Wiedeking, German businessman
  • 1953Ditmar Jakobs, German footballer
  • 1953 – Tõnu Kaljuste, Estonian conductor and journalist
  • 1954Katharine Abraham, American feminist economist
  • 1954 – George M. Church, American geneticist, chemist, and engineer
  • 1954 – John Dorahy, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1954 – Ravi Kanbur, Indian-English economist and academic
  • 1956Luis Guzmán, Puerto Rican-American actor and producer
  • 1956 – Steve Whiteman, American singer-songwriter
  • 1957Greg Clark, English businessman and politician, Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
  • 1957 – Ivo Josipović, Croatian lawyer, jurist, and politician, 3rd President of Croatia
  • 1957 – Daniel Stern, American actor and director
  • 1957 – Ai Weiwei, Chinese sculptor and activist
  • 1958Scott Hamilton, American figure skater
  • 1959Brian Thompson, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1961Kim Appleby, English singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1961 – Cliff Benson, American football player
  • 1961 – Jennifer Coolidge, American actress
  • 1961 – Deepak Tijori, Indian actor and director
  • 1961 – Ian Pont, English cricketer and coach
  • 1962Paul Allen, English footballer
  • 1962 – Craig Anton, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1962 – David Fincher, American director and producer
  • 1963Regina Jacobs, American runner
  • 1963 – Maria Gheorghiu, Romanian folk singer-songwriter
  • 1964Lee Janzen, American golfer
  • 1964 – Kaj Leo Johannesen, Faroese footballer and politician, 12th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands
  • 1965Dan Crowley, Australian rugby player
  • 1965 – Sonia Kruger, Australian television host and actress
  • 1965 – Satoshi Tajiri, Japanese video game developer; created Pokémon
  • 1965 – Shania Twain, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1966Priya Dutt, Indian social worker and politician
  • 1967Jamie Osborne, English jockey and trainer
  • 1968Billy Boyd, Scottish actor and singer
  • 1969Jack Black, American actor and comedian
  • 1969 – Sheryl Sandberg, COO of Facebook and Founder of Leanin.org
  • 1969 – Mary McCartney, English photographer and activist
  • 1969 – Jason Priestley, Canadian actor, director, and producer
  • 1969 – Pierre Turgeon, Canadian-American ice hockey player
  • 1970Melina Aslanidou, German-Greek singer-songwriter
  • 1970 – Rick Recht, American singer-songwriter
  • 1971Shane Andrews, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Todd Eldredge, American figure skater and coach
  • 1971 – Janet Evans, American swimmer
  • 1971 – Raúl Márquez, Mexican-American boxer and sportscaster
  • 1972Ravindu Shah, Kenyan cricketer
  • 1972 – Jay Witasick, American baseball player and coach
  • 1973J. August Richards, American actor
  • 1974Johan Andersson, Swedish game designer and programmer
  • 1974 – Takahito Eguchi, Japanese pianist and composer
  • 1974 – Carsten Jancker, German footballer and manager
  • 1975Jamie Cureton, English footballer
  • 1975 – Gareth Farrelly, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Hamish McLachlan, Australian television personality
  • 1975 – Royce Willis, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1976Federico Magallanes, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1978Jess Margera, American drummer
  • 1979Shaila Dúrcal, Spanish singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Robert Hoyzer, German footballer and referee
  • 1979 – Kristen Hughes, Australian netball player
  • 1979 – Markus Pröll, German footballer
  • 1979 – Ruth Riley, American basketball player
  • 1980Antony Hämäläinen, Finnish singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Debra Lafave, sex offender and former American teacher[3]
  • 1980 – Jaakko Ojaniemi, Finnish decathlete
  • 1980 – Carly Pope, Canadian actress and producer
  • 1980 – Jonathan Reynolds, English lawyer and politician
  • 1981Matt Alrich, American lacrosse player
  • 1981 – Kezia Dugdale, Scottish politician
  • 1981 – Martin Erat, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Daniel Gygax, Swiss footballer
  • 1981 – Raphael Matos, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1981 – Jake Owen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1981 – Ahmed Talbi, Moroccan footballer
  • 1981 – Agata Wróbel, Polish weightlifter
  • 1982Anderson Silva de França, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Kevin McNaughton, Scottish footballer
  • 1982 – Thiago Motta, Brazilian-Italian footballer
  • 1982 – LeAnn Rimes, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1983Lasith Malinga, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1983 – Luke McAlister, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1983 – Lilli Schwarzkopf, German heptathlete
  • 1985Kjetil Jansrud, Norwegian skier
  • 1986Jeff Green, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Armie Hammer, American actor
  • 1986 – Tommy Hanson, American baseball player (d. 2015)
  • 1986 – Simon Mannering, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1986 – Gilad Shalit, Israeli soldier and hostage
  • 1986 – Florence Welch, English singer-songwriter
  • 1987Caleb Moore, American snowmobile racer (d. 2013)
  • 1989César Azpilicueta, Spanish footballer
  • 1989 – Valtteri Bottas, Finnish race car driver
  • 1989 – Jo Kwon, South Korean singer and dancer
  • 1989 – Cassadee Pope, American singer-songwriter
  • 1990Bojan Krkić, Spanish footballer
  • 1991Felicio Brown Forbes, German footballer
  • 1991 – Andreja Pejić, Bosnian model [4]
  • 1992Gabriela Drăgoi, Romanian gymnast
  • 1992 – Bismack Biyombo, Congolese basketball player
  • 1992 – Max Collins, American-Filipino actress and model
  • 1993Jakub Sokolík, Czech footballer
  • 1994Bobby Andonov, Australian singer
  • 1994 – Manon Arcangioli, French tennis player
  • 1994 – Junior Malanda, Belgian footballer (d. 2015)
  • 1995Joshua Kalu, American football player
  • 2003Quvenzhané Wallis, American actress

Deaths

  • 388Magnus Maximus, Roman emperor (b. 335)
  • 430Augustine of Hippo, Algerian bishop, theologian, and saint (b. 354)
  • 476Orestes, Roman general and politician
  • 632Fatimah, daughter of Muhammad (b. 605)
  • 683Kʼinich Janaab Pakal I, ajaw of the city-state of Palenque (b. 615)
  • 770Kōken, emperor of Japan (b. 718)
  • 876Louis the German, Frankish king (b. 804)
  • 919He Gui, Chinese general (b. 858)
  • 1055Xing Zong, Chinese emperor (b. 1016)
  • 1149Mu'in ad-Din Unur, Turkish ruler and regent
  • 1231Eleanor of Portugal, Queen of Denmark
  • 1341Levon IV, king of Armenia (b. 1309)
  • 1406John de Sutton V, Baron Sutton of Dudley (b. 1380)
  • 1481Afonso V, king of Portugal (b. 1432)
  • 1540Federico II Gonzaga, duke of Mantua (b. 1500)
  • 1609Francis Vere, English governor and general
  • 1645Hugo Grotius, Dutch playwright, philosopher, and jurist (b. 1583)
  • 1646Johannes Banfi Hunyades, English-Hungarian alchemist, chemist and metallurgist. (b. 1576)
  • 1648George Lisle, English general (b. 1610)
  • 1648 – Charles Lucas, English general (b. 1613)
  • 1654Axel Oxenstierna, Swedish lawyer and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Sweden (b. 1583)
  • 1665Elisabetta Sirani, Italian painter (b. 1638)
  • 1678John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1602)
  • 1735Edwin Stead, English landowner and cricketer (b. 1701)
  • 1757David Hartley, English psychologist and philosopher (b. 1705)
  • 1784Junípero Serra, Spanish priest and missionary (b. 1713)
  • 1793Adam Philippe, Comte de Custine, French general (b. 1740)
  • 1805Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader and author (b. 1722)
  • 1818Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, American fur trader, founded Chicago (b. 1750)
  • 1820Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor and urban planner (b. 1754)
  • 1839William Smith, English geologist and engineer (b. 1769)
  • 1888Julius Krohn, Finnish poet and journalist (b. 1835)
  • 1891Robert Caldwell, English missionary and linguist (b. 1814)
  • 1900Henry Sidgwick, English economist and philosopher (b. 1838)
  • 1903Frederick Law Olmsted, American journalist and architect, co-designed Central Park (b. 1822)
  • 1919Adolf Schmal, Austrian fencer and cyclist (b. 1872)
  • 1934Edgeworth David, Welsh-Australian geologist and explorer (b. 1858)
  • 1937George Prendergast, Australian politician, 28th Premier of Victoria (b. 1854)
  • 1943Georg Hellat, Estonian architect (b. 1870)
  • 1943 – Boris III of Bulgaria (b. 1894)
  • 1955Emmett Till, American murder victim (b. 1941)
  • 1959Bohuslav Martinů, Czech-American composer and educator (b. 1890)
  • 1965Giulio Racah, Italian-Israeli physicist and mathematician (b. 1909)
  • 1968Dimitris Pikionis, Greek architect and academic (b. 1887)
  • 1971Reuvein Margolies, Israeli author and scholar (b. 1889)
  • 1972Prince William of Gloucester (b. 1941)
  • 1975Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor (b. 1907)
  • 1976Anissa Jones, American actress (b. 1958)
  • 1978Bruce Catton, American historian and journalist (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Robert Shaw, English actor (b. 1927)
  • 1981Béla Guttmann, Hungarian footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1900)
  • 1982Geoff Chubb, South African cricketer (b. 1911)
  • 1984Muhammad Naguib, Egyptian general and politician, 1st President of Egypt (b. 1901)
  • 1985Ruth Gordon, American actress and screenwriter (b. 1896)
  • 1986Russell Lee, American photographer and journalist (b. 1903)
  • 1987John Huston, Irish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1906)
  • 1988Jean Marchand, Canadian union leader and politician, 43rd Secretary of State for Canada (b. 1918)
  • 1988 – Max Shulman, American author and screenwriter (b. 1919)
  • 1989John Steptoe, American author and illustrator (b. 1950)
  • 1990Willy Vandersteen, Belgian author and illustrator (b. 1913)
  • 1991Alekos Sakellarios, Greek director and screenwriter (b. 1913)
  • 1993William Stafford, American poet and academic (b. 1914)
  • 1995Earl W. Bascom, American rodeo performer and painter (b. 1906)
  • 1995 – Michael Ende, German scientist and author (b. 1929)
  • 2005Jacques Dufilho, French actor (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Esther Szekeres, Hungarian-Australian mathematician and academic (b. 1910)
  • 2005 – George Szekeres, Hungarian-Australian mathematician and academic (b. 1911)
  • 2006Heino Lipp, Estonian shot putter and discus thrower (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Benoît Sauvageau, Canadian educator and politician (b. 1963)
  • 2006 – Melvin Schwartz, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1932)
  • 2007Arthur Jones, American businessman, founded Nautilus, Inc. and MedX Corporation (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Hilly Kristal, American businessman, founded CBGB (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Paul MacCready, American engineer and businessman, founded AeroVironment (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Francisco Umbral, Spanish journalist and author (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Miyoshi Umeki, Japanese-American actress (b. 1929)
  • 2008Phil Hill, American race car driver (b. 1927)
  • 2009Adam Goldstein, American drummer, DJ, and producer (b. 1973)
  • 2009 – Richard Egan, US Ambassador, Owner of Dell EMC, Engineer (b. 1963)
  • 2010William P. Foster, American bandleader and educator (b. 1919)
  • 2011Bernie Gallacher, English footballer (b. 1967)
  • 2012Rhodes Boyson, English educator and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Shulamith Firestone, Canadian-American activist and author (b. 1945)
  • 2012 – Dick McBride, American author, poet, and playwright (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Saul Merin, Polish-Israeli ophthalmologist and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Ramón Sota, Spanish golfer (b. 1938)
  • 2013John Bellany, Scottish painter and academic (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Lorella Cedroni, Italian political scientist and philosopher (b. 1961)
  • 2013 – Edmund B. Fitzgerald, American businessman (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Frank Pulli, American baseball player and umpire (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Barry Stobart, English footballer (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Rafael Díaz Ycaza, Ecuadorian journalist, author, and poet (b. 1925)
  • 2014Glenn Cornick, English bass guitarist (b. 1947)
  • 2014 – Hal Finney, American cryptographer and programmer (b. 1956)
  • 2014 – John Anthony Walker, American soldier and spy (b. 1937)
  • 2015Al Arbour, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Mark Krasniqi, Kosovan ethnographer, poet, and translator (b. 1920)
  • 2015 – Nelson Shanks, American painter and educator (b. 1937)
  • 2016Juan Gabriel, Mexican singer and songwriter (b. 1950)
  • 2016 – Mr. Fuji, American professional wrestler and manager (b. 1934)
  • 2017Mireille Darc, French actress and model (b. 1938)
  • 2020Chadwick Boseman, American actor (b. 1976)[5]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Alexander of Constantinople
    • Augustine of Hippo
    • Edmund Arrowsmith
    • Hermes
    • Moses the Black
    • August 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • National Grandparents Day (Mexico)

References

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  2. Drew Griffin and David Fitzpatrick (August 8, 2011) New details revealed in 'pizza collar bomb' heist, CNN.com, accessed 13 May 2018
  3. FDLE - Sexual Offender and Predator System
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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