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Events

  • 0766 – Emperor Constantine V humiliates nineteen high-ranking officials, after discovering a plot against him. He executes the leaders, Constantine Podopagouros and his brother Strategios.
  • 1248 – The Dutch city of Ommen receives city rights and fortification rights from Otto III, the Archbishop of Utrecht.
  • 1258 – Regent George Mouzalon and his brothers are killed during a coup headed by the aristocratic faction under Michael VIII Palaiologos, paving the way for its leader to ultimately usurp the throne of the Empire of Nicaea.
  • 1270Philip III, although suffering from dysentery, becomes King of France following the death of his father Louis IX, during the Eighth Crusade. His uncle, Charles I of Naples, is forced to begin peace negotiations with Muhammad I al-Mustansir, Hafsid Sultan of Tunis.[1]
  • 1537 – The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, is formed.
  • 1543António Mota and a few companions become the first Europeans to visit Japan.
  • 1580War of the Portuguese Succession: Spanish victory at the Battle of Alcântara brings about the Iberian Union.
  • 1609Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.
  • 1630 – Portuguese forces are defeated by the Kingdom of Kandy at the Battle of Randeniwela in Sri Lanka.
  • 1758Seven Years' War: Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Russian army at the Battle of Zorndorf.
  • 1814War of 1812: On the second day of the Burning of Washington, British troops torch the Library of Congress, United States Treasury, Department of War, and other public buildings.
  • 1823 – American fur trapper Hugh Glass is mauled by a grizzly bear while on an expedition in South Dakota.
  • 1825 – The Thirty-Three Orientals declare the independence of Uruguay from Brazil.
  • 1830 – The Belgian Revolution begins.
  • 1835 – The first Great Moon Hoax article is published in The New York Sun, announcing the discovery of life and civilization on the Moon.
  • 1875 – Captain Matthew Webb becomes the first person to swim across the English Channel, traveling from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in 21 hours and 45 minutes.[2]
  • 1883France and Viet Nam sign the Treaty of Huế, recognizing a French protectorate over Annam and Tonkin.
  • 1894Kitasato Shibasaburō discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet.
  • 1898 – Seven hundred Greek civilians, 17 British guards and the British Consul of Crete are killed by a Turkish mob in Heraklion, Greece.
  • 1914World War I: Japan declares war on Austria-Hungary.
  • 1914 – World War I: The library of the Catholic University of Leuven is deliberately destroyed by the German Army. Hundreds of thousands of irreplaceable volumes and Gothic and Renaissance manuscripts are lost.
  • 1916 – The United States National Park Service is created.
  • 1920Polish–Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, which began on August 13, ends with the Red Army's defeat.
  • 1933 – The Diexi earthquake strikes Mao County, Sichuan, China and kills 9,000 people.
  • 1939 – The United Kingdom and Poland form a military alliance in which the UK promises to defend Poland in case of invasion by a foreign power.
  • 1940World War II: The first Bombing of Berlin by the British Royal Air Force.
  • 1942 – World War II: Second day of the Battle of the Eastern Solomons; a Japanese naval transport convoy headed towards Guadalcanal is turned back by an Allied air attack.
  • 1944 – World War II: Paris is liberated by the Allies.
  • 1945 – Ten days after World War II ends with Japan announcing its surrender, armed supporters of the Chinese Communist Party kill U.S. intelligence officer John Birch, regarded by some of the American right as the first victim of the Cold War.
  • 1945 – The August Revolution ends as Emperor Bảo Đại abdicates, ending the Nguyễn dynasty.[3]
  • 1948 – The House Un-American Activities Committee holds first-ever televised congressional hearing: "Confrontation Day" between Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss.
  • 1950 – To avert a threatened strike during the Korean War, President Truman orders Secretary of the Army Frank Pace to seize control of the nation's railroads.[4]
  • 1961 – President Jânio Quadros of Brazil resigns after just seven months in power, initiating a political crisis that culminates in a military coup in 1964.
  • 1967George Lincoln Rockwell, founder of the American Nazi Party, is assassinated by a former member of his group.
  • 1980Zimbabwe joins the United Nations.
  • 1981Voyager 2 spacecraft makes its closest approach to Saturn.
  • 1989Voyager 2 spacecraft makes its closest approach to Neptune, the last planet in the Solar System at the time, due to Pluto being within Neptune's orbit from 1979 to 1999[5].
  • 1991Belarus gains its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1991 – The Battle of Vukovar begins. An 87-day siege of Vukovar by the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), supported by various Serb paramilitary forces, between August and November 1991 (during the Croatian War of Independence).
  • 1991 – Linus Torvalds announces the first version of what will become Linux.
  • 1997Egon Krenz, the former East German leader, is convicted of a shoot-to-kill policy at the Berlin Wall.
  • 2001 – American singer Aaliyah and several members of her record company are killed as their overloaded aircraft crashes shortly after takeoff from Marsh Harbour Airport, Bahamas.
  • 2006 – Former Prime Minister of Ukraine Pavlo Lazarenko is sentenced to nine years imprisonment for money laundering, wire fraud, and extortion.
  • 2012Voyager 1 spacecraft enters interstellar space becoming the first man-made object to do so.
  • 2017Hurricane Harvey makes landfall in Texas as a powerful Category 4 hurricane, the strongest hurricane to make landfall in the United States since 2004. Over the next few days, the storm causes catastrophic flooding throughout much of eastern Texas, killing 106 people and causing $125 billion in damage.

Births

  • 1467Francisco Fernández de la Cueva, 2nd Duke of Alburquerque, Spanish duke (d. 1526)
  • 1491Innocenzo Cybo, Catholic cardinal (d. 1550)
  • 1509Ippolito II d'Este, Italian cardinal and statesman (d. 1572)[6]
  • 1530Ivan the Terrible, Russian ruler (d. 1584)
  • 1540Lady Catherine Grey, English noblewoman (d. 1568)
  • 1561Philippe van Lansberge, Dutch astronomer and mathematician (d. 1632)
  • 1605Philipp Moritz, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg, German noble (d. 1638)
  • 1624François de la Chaise, French priest (d. 1709)
  • 1662John Leverett the Younger, American lawyer, academic, and politician (d. 1724)
  • 1707Louis I of Spain (d. 1724)
  • 1724George Stubbs, English painter and academic (d. 1806)[7]
  • 1741Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and author (d. 1792)
  • 1744Johann Gottfried Herder, German poet, philosopher, and critic (d. 1803)
  • 1758Franz Teyber, Austrian organist and composer (d. 1810)
  • 1767Louis Antoine de Saint-Just, French soldier and politician (d. 1794)
  • 1776Thomas Bladen Capel, English admiral (d. 1853)
  • 1786Ludwig I of Bavaria (d. 1868)
  • 1796James Lick, American carpenter and piano builder (d. 1876)
  • 1802Nikolaus Lenau, Romanian-Austrian poet and author (d. 1850)
  • 1803Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, Duke of Caxias (d. 1880)
  • 1812Nikolay Zinin, Russian organic chemist (d. 1880)
  • 1817Marie-Eugénie de Jésus, French nun and saint, founded the Religious of the Assumption (d. 1898)
  • 1819Allan Pinkerton, Scottish-American detective and spy (d. 1884)
  • 1829Carlo Acton, Italian pianist and composer (d. 1909)
  • 1836Bret Harte, American short story writer and poet (d. 1902)
  • 1840George C. Magoun, American businessman (d. 1893)
  • 1841Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1845Ludwig II of Bavaria (d. 1886)
  • 1850Charles Richet, French physiologist and occultist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
  • 1867James W. Gerard, American lawyer and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Germany (d. 1951)
  • 1869Tom Kiely, British-Irish decathlete (d. 1951)
  • 1877Joshua Lionel Cowen, American businessman, co-founded the Lionel Corporation (d. 1965)
  • 1878Ted Birnie, English footballer and manager (d. 1935)
  • 1882Seán T. O'Kelly, Irish journalist and politician, 2nd President of Ireland (d. 1966)
  • 1889Alexander Mair, Australian politician, 26th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1969)
  • 1891David Shimoni, Belarusian-Israeli poet and translator (d. 1956)
  • 1893Henry Trendley Dean, American dentist (d. 1962)
  • 1898Helmut Hasse, German mathematician and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1898 – Arthur Wood, English cricketer (d. 1973)
  • 1899Paul Herman Buck, American historian and author (d. 1978)
  • 1900Isobel Hogg Kerr Beattie, Scottish architect (d. 1970) [8]
  • 1900 – Hans Adolf Krebs, German physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1902Stefan Wolpe, German-American composer and educator (d. 1972)
  • 1903Arpad Elo, Hungarian-American chess player, created the Elo rating system (d. 1992)
  • 1905Faustina Kowalska, Polish nun and saint (d. 1938)
  • 1906Jim Smith, English cricketer (d. 1979)
  • 1909Ruby Keeler, Canadian-American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 1993)
  • 1909 – Michael Rennie, English actor and producer (d. 1971)
  • 1910George Cisar, American baseball player (d. 2010)
  • 1910 – Dorothea Tanning, American painter, sculptor, and poet (d. 2012)
  • 1911Võ Nguyên Giáp, Vietnamese general and politician, 3rd Minister of Defence for Vietnam (d. 2013)
  • 1912Erich Honecker, German soldier and politician (d. 1994)
  • 1913Don DeFore, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Walt Kelly, American illustrator and animator (d. 1973)
  • 1916Van Johnson, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1916 – Frederick Chapman Robbins, American pediatrician and virologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Saburō Sakai, Japanese lieutenant and pilot (d. 2000)
  • 1917Mel Ferrer, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2008)
  • 1918Leonard Bernstein, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – Richard Greene, English actor (d. 1985)
  • 1919William P. Foster, American bandleader and educator (d. 2010)
  • 1919 – George Wallace, American sergeant, lawyer, and politician, 45th Governor of Alabama (d. 1998)
  • 1919 – Jaap Rijks, Dutch Olympic medalist (d. 2017)
  • 1921Monty Hall, Canadian-American television personality and game show host (d. 2017)
  • 1921 – Bryce Mackasey, Canadian businessman and politician, 20th Canadian Minister of Labour (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Brian Moore, Northern Irish-Canadian author and screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1923Álvaro Mutis, Colombian-Mexican author and poet (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Allyre Sirois, Canadian lawyer and judge (d. 2012)
  • 1924Zsuzsa Körmöczy, Hungarian tennis player and coach (d. 2006)
  • 1925Thea Astley, Australian journalist and author (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Hilmar Hoffmann, German film and culture academic (d. 2018)
  • 1925 – Stepas Butautas, Lithuanian basketball player and coach (d. 2001)
  • 1927Althea Gibson, American tennis player and golfer (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Des Renford, Australian swimmer (d. 1999)
  • 1928John "Kayo" Dottley, American football player (d. 2018)
  • 1928 – Darrell Johnson, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Karl Korte, American composer and academic
  • 1928 – Herbert Kroemer, German-American physicist, engineer, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1930Sean Connery, Scottish actor and producer
  • 1930 – György Enyedi, Hungarian economist and geographer (d. 2012)
  • 1930 – Graham Jarvis, Canadian actor (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Crispin Tickell, English academic and diplomat, British Permanent Representative to the United Nations
  • 1931Regis Philbin, American actor and television host (d. 2020)
  • 1933Patrick F. McManus, American journalist and author (d. 2018)
  • 1933 – Wayne Shorter, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1933 – Tom Skerritt, American actor
  • 1934Lise Bacon, Canadian judge and politician, Deputy Premier of Quebec
  • 1934 – Eddie Ilarde, Filipino journalist and politician (d. 2020)
  • 1935Charles Wright, American poet
  • 1936Giridharilal Kedia, Indian businessman, founded the Image Institute of Technology & Management (d. 2009)
  • 1937Jimmy Hannan, Australian television host and singer (d. 2019)
  • 1937 – Virginia Euwer Wolff, American author
  • 1938David Canary, American actor (d. 2015)
  • 1938 – Frederick Forsyth, English journalist and author
  • 1939John Badham, English-American actor, director, and producer
  • 1940Wilhelm von Homburg, German boxer and actor (d. 2004)
  • 1941Marshall Brickman, Brazilian-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1941 – Mario Corso, Italian footballer and coach (d. 2020)
  • 1941 – Ludwig Müller, German footballer
  • 1942Nathan Deal, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 82nd Governor of Georgia
  • 1944Conrad Black, Canadian historian and author
  • 1944 – Jacques Demers, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and politician
  • 1944 – Anthony Heald, American actor
  • 1944 – Andrew Longmore, British lawyer and judge
  • 1945Daniel Hulet, Belgian cartoonist (d. 2011)
  • 1945 – Hannah Louise Shearer, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1946Rollie Fingers, American baseball player
  • 1946 – Charles Ghigna, American poet and author
  • 1946 – Charlie Sanders, American football player and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1947Michael Kaluta, American author and illustrator
  • 1947 – Keith Tippett, British jazz pianist and composer (d. 2020)
  • 1948Ledward Kaapana, American singer and guitarist
  • 1948 – Nicholas A. Peppas, Greek chemist and biologist
  • 1949Martin Amis, British novelist
  • 1949 – Rijkman Groenink, Dutch banker and academic
  • 1949 – John Savage, American actor and producer
  • 1949 – Gene Simmons, Israeli-American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1950Willy DeVille, American singer and songwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1950 – Charles Fambrough, American bassist, composer, and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1951Rob Halford, English heavy metal singer-songwriter
  • 1951 – Bill Handel, Brazilian-American lawyer and radio host
  • 1952Kurban Berdyev, Turkmen footballer and manager
  • 1952 – Geoff Downes, English keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1952 – Duleep Mendis, Sri Lankan cricketer and coach
  • 1954Elvis Costello, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1954 – Jim Wallace, Baron Wallace of Tankerness, Scottish lawyer and politician, First Minister of Scotland
  • 1955John McGeoch, Scottish guitarist (d. 2004)
  • 1955 – Gerd Müller, German businessman and politician
  • 1956Matt Aitken, English songwriter and record producer
  • 1956 – Takeshi Okada, Japanese footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1956 – Henri Toivonen, Finnish race car driver (d. 1986)
  • 1957Sikander Bakht, Pakistani cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Simon McBurney, English actor and director
  • 1957 – Frank Serratore, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1958Tim Burton, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1959Ian Falconer, American author and illustrator
  • 1959 – Steve Levy, American lawyer and politician
  • 1959 – Bernardo Rezende, Brazilian volleyball coach and former player
  • 1959 – Lane Smith, American author and illustrator
  • 1959 – Ruth Ann Swenson, American soprano and actress
  • 1960Georg Zellhofer, Austrian footballer and manager
  • 1961Billy Ray Cyrus, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1961 – Joanne Whalley, English actress
  • 1962Taslima Nasrin, Bangladeshi author
  • 1962 – Theresa Andrews, American former competition swimmer and Olympic champion
  • 1962 – Vivian Campbell, Northern Irish rock guitarist and songwriter
  • 1962 – Michael Zorc, German footballer
  • 1963Miro Cerar, Slovenian lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Slovenia
  • 1963 – Shock G, American rapper and producer
  • 1963 – Tiina Intelmann, Estonian lawyer and diplomat
  • 1964Azmin Ali, Malaysian mathematician and politician
  • 1964 – Maxim Kontsevich, Russian-American mathematician and academic
  • 1964 – Blair Underwood, American actor
  • 1965Cornelius Bennett, American football player
  • 1965 – Sanjeev Sharma, Indian cricketer and coach
  • 1966Albert Belle, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Derek Sherinian, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1966 – Terminator X, American hip-hop DJ
  • 1967Jeff Tweedy, American singer-songwriter, musician, and producer
  • 1968Yuri Mitsui, Japanese actress, model, and race car driver
  • 1968 – Stuart Murdoch, Scottish singer-songwriter
  • 1968 – Spider One, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1968 – Rachael Ray, American chef, author, and television host
  • 1968 – Takeshi Ueda, Japanese singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1969Olga Konkova, Norwegian-Russian pianist and composer
  • 1969 – Cameron Mathison, Canadian actor and television personality
  • 1969 – Catriona Matthew, Scottish golfer
  • 1969 – Vivek Razdan, Indian cricketer, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1970Doug Glanville, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Debbie Graham, American tennis player
  • 1970 – Robert Horry, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Adrian Lam, Papua New Guinean-Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1970 – Jo Dee Messina, American singer-songwriter
  • 1970 – Claudia Schiffer, German model and fashion designer
  • 1971Jason Death, Australian rugby league player
  • 1973Fatih Akın, German director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1974Pablo Ozuna, Dominican baseball player
  • 1975Brad Drew, Australian rugby league player
  • 1975 – Petria Thomas, Australian swimmer and coach
  • 1976Javed Qadeer, Pakistani cricketer and coach
  • 1976 – Alexander Skarsgård, Swedish actor[9]
  • 1977Masumi Asano, Japanese voice actress and producer
  • 1977 – Andy McDonald, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978Kel Mitchell, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1978 – Robert Mohr, German rugby player
  • 1979Marlon Harewood, English footballer
  • 1979 – Philipp Mißfelder, German historian and politician (d. 2015)
  • 1979 – Deanna Nolan, American basketball player
  • 1981Rachel Bilson, American actress
  • 1981 – Jan-Berrie Burger, Namibian cricketer
  • 1981 – Camille Pin, French tennis player
  • 1982Jung Jung-suk, South Korean footballer (d. 2011)
  • 1983James Rossiter, English race car driver
  • 1984Florian Mohr, German footballer
  • 1984 – Anya Monzikova, Russian-American model and actress
  • 1986Rodney Ferguson, American footballer
  • 1987Stacey Farber, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Velimir Jovanović, Serbian footballer
  • 1987 – Blake Lively, American model and actress
  • 1987 – Amy Macdonald, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1987 – Justin Upton, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Adam Warren, American baseball player
  • 1987 – James Wesolowski, Australian footballer
  • 1988Angela Park, Brazilian-American golfer
  • 1989Hiram Mier, Mexican footballer
  • 1992Miyabi Natsuyaki, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1992 – Ricardo Rodriguez, Swiss footballer
  • 1994Edmunds Augstkalns, Latvian ice hockey player
  • 1998China Anne McClain, American actress and singer

Deaths

  • AD 79Pliny the Elder, Roman commander and philosopher (b. 23)
  • 274Yang Yan, Jin Dynasty empress (b. 238)
  • 306Saint Maginus, Christian hermit and martyr from Tarragona
  • 383Gratian, Roman emperor (b. 359)
  • 471Gennadius I, patriarch of Constantinople
  • 766Constantine Podopagouros, Byzantine official
  • 766 – Strategios Podopagouros, Byzantine general
  • 985Dietrich of Haldensleben, German margrave[10]
  • 1091Sisnando Davides, military leader
  • 1192Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1142)
  • 1258George Mouzalon, regent of the Empire of Nicaea
  • 1270Louis IX of France (b. 1214)[11]
  • 1270 – Alphonso of Brienne (b. c. 1225)
  • 1271Joan, Countess of Toulouse (b. 1220)
  • 1282Thomas de Cantilupe, English bishop and saint (b. 1218)
  • 1322Beatrice of Silesia, queen consort of Germany (b. c. 1292)
  • 1327Demasq Kaja, Chobanid
  • 1330Sir James Douglas, Scottish guerilla leader (b. 1286)
  • 1339Henry de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham (b. 1260)
  • 1368Andrea Orcagna, Italian painter, sculptor, and architect
  • 1482Margaret of Anjou (b. 1429)[12]
  • 1485William Catesby, supporter of Richard III (b. 1450)
  • 1554Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, English soldier and politician, Lord High Treasurer (b. 1473)
  • 1592William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (b. 1532)
  • 1603Ahmad al-Mansur, Sultan of the Saadi dynasty (b. 1549)
  • 1631Nicholas Hyde, Lord Chief Justice of England (b.c. 1572)
  • 1632Thomas Dekker, English author and playwright (b. 1572)
  • 1688Henry Morgan, Welsh admiral and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica (b. 1635)
  • 1699Christian V of Denmark (b. 1646)
  • 1711Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey, English politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (b. 1656)
  • 1742Carlos Seixas, Portuguese organist and composer (b. 1704)
  • 1774Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer and educator (b. 1714)
  • 1776David Hume, Scottish economist, historian, and philosopher (b. 1711)
  • 1794Florimond Claude, Comte de Mercy-Argenteau, Belgian-Austrian diplomat (b. 1727)
  • 1797Thomas Chittenden, Governor of the Vermont Republic (later 1st Governor of the State of Vermont) (b. 1730)
  • 1819James Watt, Scottish-English engineer and instrument maker (b. 1736)
  • 1822William Herschel, German-English astronomer and composer (b. 1738)
  • 1867Michael Faraday, English physicist and chemist (b. 1791)
  • 1882Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald, Estonian physician and author (b. 1803)
  • 1886Zinovios Valvis, Greek lawyer and politician, 35th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1791)
  • 1892William Champ, English-Australian politician, 1st Premier of Tasmania (b. 1808)
  • 1900Friedrich Nietzsche, German philologist, philosopher, and critic (b. 1844)
  • 1904Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter and lithographer (b. 1836)
  • 1908Henri Becquerel, French physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1916Mary Tappan Wright, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1851)
  • 1921Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet and critic (b. 1886)
  • 1924Mariano Álvarez, Filipino general and politician (b. 1818)
  • 1924 – Velma Caldwell Melville, American editor, and writer of prose and poetry (b. 1858)
  • 1925Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austrian field marshal (b. 1852)
  • 1930Frankie Campbell, American boxer (b. 1904)
  • 1931Dorothea Fairbridge, South African author and co-founder of Guild of Loyal Women (b. 1862)
  • 1938Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian pilot, explorer, and author (b. 1870)
  • 1939Babe Siebert, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1904)
  • 1940Prince Jean, Duke of Guise (b. 1874)
  • 1942Prince George, Duke of Kent (b. 1902)
  • 1945John Birch, American soldier and missionary (b. 1918)
  • 1956Alfred Kinsey, American biologist and academic (b. 1894)
  • 1965Moonlight Graham, American baseball player and physician (b. 1879)
  • 1967Stanley Bruce, Australian lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1883)
  • 1967 – Oscar Cabalén, Argentine race car driver (b. 1928)
  • 1967 – Paul Muni, Ukrainian-born American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1967 – George Lincoln Rockwell, American commander, politician, and activist, founded the American Nazi Party (b. 1918)
  • 1968Stan McCabe, Australian cricketer and coach (b. 1910)
  • 1969Robert Cosgrove, Australian politician, 30th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1884)
  • 1970Tachū Naitō, Japanese architect and engineer, designed the Tokyo Tower (b. 1886)
  • 1971Ted Lewis, American singer and clarinet player (b. 1890)
  • 1973Dezső Pattantyús-Ábrahám, Hungarian lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1875)
  • 1976Eyvind Johnson, Swedish novelist and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1977Károly Kós, Hungarian architect, ethnologist, and politician (b. 1883)
  • 1979Stan Kenton, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1911)
  • 1980Gower Champion, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1919)
  • 1981Nassos Kedrakas, Greek actor and cinematographer (b. 1915)
  • 1982Anna German, Polish singer (b. 1936)
  • 1984Truman Capote, American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 1984 – Viktor Chukarin, Ukrainian gymnast and coach (b. 1921)
  • 1984 – Waite Hoyt, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1899)
  • 1988Art Rooney, American businessman, founded the Pittsburgh Steelers (b. 1901)
  • 1990Morley Callaghan, Canadian author and playwright (b. 1903)
  • 1995Doug Stegmeyer, American bass player and producer (b. 1951)
  • 1998Lewis F. Powell, Jr., American lawyer and Supreme Court justice (b. 1907)
  • 1999Rob Fisher, English keyboard player and songwriter (b. 1956)
  • 2000Carl Barks, American author and illustrator (b. 1901)
  • 2000 – Frederick C. Bock, American soldier and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Jack Nitzsche, American pianist, composer, and producer (b. 1937)
  • 2000 – Allen Woody, American bass player and songwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2001Aaliyah, American singer and actress (b. 1979)
  • 2001 – Carl Brewer, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1938)
  • 2001 – Üzeyir Garih, Turkish engineer and businessman, co-founded Alarko Holding (b. 1929)
  • 2001 – Ken Tyrrell, English race car driver and businessman, founded Tyrrell Racing (b. 1924)
  • 2002Dorothy Hewett, Australian author and poet (b. 1923)
  • 2003Tom Feelings, American author and illustrator (b. 1933)
  • 2005Peter Glotz, Czech-German academic and politician (b. 1939)
  • 2006Noor Hassanali, Trinidadian-Tobagonian lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Trinidad and Tobago (b. 1918)
  • 2007Benjamin Aaron, American lawyer and scholar (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Ray Jones, English footballer (b. 1988)
  • 2008Ahmad Faraz, Pakistani poet (b. 1931)
  • 2008 – Kevin Duckworth, American basketball player (b. 1964)
  • 2009Ted Kennedy, American politician (b. 1932)
  • 2009 – Mandé Sidibé, Malian economist and politician, Prime Minister of Mali (b. 1940)
  • 2011Lazar Mojsov, Macedonian politician (b. 1920)
  • 2012Florencio Amarilla, Paraguayan footballer, coach, and actor (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Neil Armstrong, American pilot, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Roberto González Barrera, Mexican banker and businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Donald Gorrie, Scottish educator and politician (b. 1933)
  • 2013Ciril Bergles, Slovene poet and translator (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – António Borges, Portuguese economist and banker (b. 1949)
  • 2013 – William Froug, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Liu Fuzhi, Chinese academic and politician, 3rd Minister of Justice for China (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Raghunath Panigrahi, Indian singer-songwriter (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Gylmar dos Santos Neves, Brazilian footballer (b. 1930)
  • 2014William Greaves, American director and producer (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Marcel Masse, Canadian educator and politician, 29th Canadian Minister of National Defence (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Nico M. M. Nibbering, Dutch chemist and academic (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Uziah Thompson, Jamaican-American drummer and producer (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Enrique Zileri, Peruvian journalist and publisher (b. 1931)
  • 2015José María Benegas, Spanish lawyer and politician (b. 1948)
  • 2015 – Francis Sejersted, Norwegian historian and academic (b. 1936)
  • 2016Marvin Kaplan, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2017Rich Piana, American bodybuilder (b. 1971)
  • 2018John McCain, American politician (b. 1936)
  • 2019Ferdinand Piëch, Austrian business magnate & engineer (b. 1937) [13]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Æbbe of Coldingham
    • Aredius
    • Genesius of Arles
    • Genesius of Rome
    • Ginés de la Jara (or Genesius of Cartagena)
    • Gregory of Utrecht
    • Joseph Calasanz
    • Louis IX of France
    • Blessed Ludovicus Baba
    • Blessed Ludovicus Sasada
    • Blessed Luis Sotelo
    • Menas of Constantinople
    • Blessed Miguel de Carvalho
    • Patricia of Naples
    • Blessed Pedro Vásquez
    • Thomas de Cantilupe (or of Hereford)
    • August 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Songun (North Korea)
  • Earliest day on which Father's Day can fall, while August 31 is the latest; celebrated on the last Monday in August. (South Sudan)
  • Earliest day on which La Tomatina can fall, while August 31 is the latest; celebrated on the last Wednesday in August. (Buñol)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Uruguay from Brazil in 1825.
  • Liberation Day (France)
  • Soldier's Day (Brazil)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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