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Events

  • 367 ADGratian, son of Roman Emperor Valentinian I, is named co-Augustus at the age of eight by his father.[1]
  • 394 – The Graffito of Esmet-Akhom, the latest known inscription in Egyptian hieroglyphs, is written.[2]
  • 410 – The Visigoths under king Alaric I begin to pillage Rome.
  • 1185Sack of Thessalonica by the Normans.
  • 1200 – King John of England, signer of the first Magna Carta, marries Isabella of Angoulême in Angoulême Cathedral.[3]
  • 1215Pope Innocent III issues a bull declaring Magna Carta invalid.[4]
  • 1349 – Six thousand Jews are killed in Mainz after being blamed for the bubonic plague.[5]
  • 1482 – The town and castle of Berwick upon Tweed is captured from Scotland by an English army.[6]
  • 1516 – The Ottoman Empire under Selim I defeats the Mamluk Sultanate and captures present-day Syria at the Battle of Marj Dabiq.[7]
  • 1561Willem of Orange marries duchess Anna of Saxony.[8]
  • 1608 – The first official English representative to India lands in Surat.
  • 1643 – A Dutch fleet establishes a new colony in the ruins of Valdivia in southern Chile.[9]
  • 1662 – The Act of Uniformity requires England to accept the Book of Common Prayer.
  • 1682William Penn receives the area that is now the state of Delaware, and adds it to his colony of Pennsylvania.
  • 1690Job Charnock of the East India Company establishes a factory in Calcutta, an event formerly considered the founding of the city (in 2003 the Calcutta High Court ruled that the city's foundation date is unknown).
  • 1781American Revolutionary War: A small force of Pennsylvania militia is ambushed and overwhelmed by an American Indian group, which forces George Rogers Clark to abandon his attempt to attack Detroit.
  • 1812Peninsular War: A coalition of Spanish, British, and Portuguese forces succeed in lifting the two-and-a-half-year-long Siege of Cádiz.
  • 1814 – British troops invade Washington, D.C. and during the Burning of Washington the White House, the Capitol and many other buildings are set ablaze.
  • 1815 – The modern Constitution of the Netherlands is signed.
  • 1816 – The Treaty of St. Louis is signed in St. Louis, Missouri.
  • 1820Constitutionalist insurrection at Oporto, Portugal.
  • 1821 – The Treaty of Córdoba is signed in Córdoba, now in Veracruz, Mexico, concluding the Mexican War of Independence from Spain.
  • 1857 – The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in United States history.
  • 1870 – The Wolseley expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion.
  • 1898Count Muravyov, Foreign Minister of Russia presents a rescript that convoked the First Hague Peace Conference.
  • 1909 – Workers start pouring concrete for the Panama Canal.
  • 1911Manuel de Arriaga is elected and sworn-in as the first President of Portugal.
  • 1914World War I: German troops capture Namur.
  • 1914 – World War I: The Battle of Cer ends as the first Allied victory in the war.
  • 1929 – Second day of two-day Hebron massacre during the 1929 Palestine riots: Arab attacks on the Jewish community in Hebron in the British Mandate of Palestine, result in the death of 65–68 Jews; the remaining Jews are forced to flee the city.
  • 1931 – Resignation of the United Kingdom's Second Labour Government. Formation of the UK National Government.
  • 1932Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the United States non-stop (from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey).
  • 1933 – The Crescent Limited train derails in Washington, D.C., after the bridge it is crossing is washed out by the 1933 Chesapeake–Potomac hurricane.
  • 1936 – The Australian Antarctic Territory is created.
  • 1937Spanish Civil War: the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Sovereign Council of Asturias and León is proclaimed in Gijón.
  • 1941Adolf Hitler orders the cessation of Nazi Germany's systematic T4 euthanasia program of the mentally ill and the handicapped due to protests, although killings continue for the remainder of the war.
  • 1942World War II: The Battle of the Eastern Solomons. Japanese aircraft carrier Ryūjō is sunk, with the loss of seven officers and 113 crewmen. The US carrier Template:Ship is heavily damaged.
  • 1944 – World War II: Allied troops begin the attack on Paris.
  • 1949 – The treaty creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization goes into effect.
  • 1950Edith Sampson becomes the first black U.S. delegate to the United Nations.
  • 1954 – The Communist Control Act goes into effect, outlawing the American Communist Party.
  • 1954 – Getúlio Vargas, president of Brazil, commits suicide and is succeeded by João Café Filho.
  • 1963Buddhist crisis: As a result of the Xá Lợi Pagoda raids, the US State Department cables the United States Embassy, Saigon to encourage Army of the Republic of Vietnam generals to launch a coup against President Ngô Đình Diệm if he did not remove his brother Ngô Đình Nhu.
  • 1967 – Led by Abbie Hoffman, the Youth International Party temporarily disrupts trading at the New York Stock Exchange by throwing dollar bills from the viewing gallery, causing trading to cease as brokers scramble to grab them.
  • 1970Vietnam War protesters bomb Sterling Hall at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, leading to an international manhunt for the perpetrators.
  • 1981Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 years to life in prison for murdering John Lennon.
  • 1989Colombian drug barons declare "total war" on the Colombian government.
  • 1989 – Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose is banned from baseball for gambling by Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti.
  • 1989 – Tadeusz Mazowiecki is chosen as the first non-communist prime minister in Central and Eastern Europe.
  • 1991Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1991 – Ukraine declares itself independent from the Soviet Union.
  • 1992Hurricane Andrew makes landfall in Homestead, Florida as a Category 5 hurricane, causing up to $25 billion (1992 USD) in damages.
  • 1995 – Microsoft Windows 95 was released to the public in North America.
  • 1998 – First radio-frequency identification (RFID) human implantation tested in the United Kingdom.
  • 2004 – Ninety passengers die after two airliners explode after flying out of Domodedovo International Airport, near Moscow. The explosions are caused by suicide bombers from Chechnya.
  • 2006 – The International Astronomical Union (IAU) redefines the term "planet" such that Pluto is now considered a dwarf planet.
  • 2010 – In San Fernando, Tamaulipas, Mexico, 72 illegal immigrants are killed by Los Zetas and eventually found dead by Mexican authorities.
  • 2010 – Henan Airlines Flight 8387 crashes at Yichun Lindu Airport in Yichun, Heilongjiang, China, killing 44 out of the 96 people on board.[10]
  • 2016 – An earthquake strikes Central Italy with a magnitude of 6.2, with aftershocks felt as far as Rome and Florence.

Births

  • 1016Fujiwara no Genshi, Japanese empress consort (d. 1039)
  • 1113Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou (d. 1151)[11]
  • 1198Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1249)[12]
  • 1358John I of Castile (d. 1390)[13]
  • 1393Arthur III, Duke of Brittany (d. 1458)[14]
  • 1423Thomas Rotherham, English cleric (d. 1500)
  • 1498John, Hereditary Prince of Saxony (d. 1537)
  • 1510Elisabeth of Brandenburg, Duchess of Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen (d. 1558)[15]
  • 1552Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter and educator (d. 1614)
  • 1556Sophia Brahe, Danish horticulturalist and astronomer (d. 1643)
  • 1561Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk (d. 1626)
  • 1578John Taylor, English poet and author (d. 1653)
  • 1591Robert Herrick, English poet and cleric (d. 1674)
  • 1631Philip Henry, English minister (d. 1696)
  • 1635Peder Griffenfeld, Danish lawyer and politician (d. 1699)
  • 1684Sir Robert Munro, 6th Baronet, British politician (d. 1746)
  • 1714Alaungpaya, Burmese king (d. 1760)
  • 1732Peter Ernst Wilde, German physician and journalist (d. 1785)
  • 1758Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 1794)
  • 1759William Wilberforce, English philanthropist and politician (d. 1833)
  • 1772William I of the Netherlands (d. 1840)
  • 1787James Weddell, Belgian-English sailor, hunter, and explorer (d. 1834)
  • 1824Antonio Stoppani, Italian geologist and scholar (d. 1891)
  • 1837Théodore Dubois, French organist, composer, and educator (d. 1924)
  • 1843Boyd Dunlop Morehead, Australian politician, 10th Premier of Queensland (d. 1905)
  • 1845James Calhoun, American lieutenant (d. 1876)
  • 1851Tom Kendall, Australian cricketer and journalist (d. 1924)
  • 1860David Bowman, Australian lawyer and politician (d. 1916)
  • 1862Zonia Baber, American geographer and geologist (d. 1956)[16]
  • 1863Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (d. 1918)
  • 1865Ferdinand I of Romania (d. 1927)
  • 1872Max Beerbohm, English essayist, parodist, and caricaturist (d. 1956)
  • 1884Earl Derr Biggers, American author and playwright (d. 1933)
  • 1887Harry Hooper, American baseball player (d. 1974)
  • 1888Valentine Baker, Welsh co-founder of the Martin-Baker Aircraft Company (d. 1942)
  • 1890Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer, actor, and surfer (d. 1968)
  • 1890 – Jean Rhys, Dominican-English novelist (d. 1979)
  • 1893Haim Ernst Wertheimer, German-Israeli biochemist and academic (d. 1978)
  • 1895Richard Cushing, American cardinal (d. 1970)
  • 1897Fred Rose, American pianist, songwriter, and publisher (d. 1954)
  • 1898Malcolm Cowley, American novelist, poet, literary critic (d. 1989)
  • 1899Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator (d. 1986)
  • 1899 – Albert Claude, Belgian biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1983)
  • 1899 – Gaylord DuBois, American author and poet (d. 1993)
  • 1901Preston Foster, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1902Fernand Braudel, French historian and academic (d. 1985)
  • 1902 – Carlo Gambino, Italian-American mob boss (d. 1976)
  • 1903Karl Hanke, German businessman and politician (d. 1945)
  • 1904Ida Cook, English campaigner for Jewish refugees, and romantic novelist as Mary Burchell[17] (d. 1986)
  • 1905Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1974)
  • 1905 – Siaka Stevens, Sierra Leonean police officer and politician, 1st President of Sierra Leone (d. 1988)[18]
  • 1907Bruno Giacometti, Swiss architect, designed the Hallenstadion (d. 2012)
  • 1908Shivaram Rajguru, Indian activist (d. 1931)
  • 1909Ronnie Grieveson, South African cricketer and soldier (d. 1998)
  • 1911Durward Kirby, American television host and announcer (d. 2000)
  • 1913Charles Snead Houston, American physician and mountaineer (d. 2009)
  • 1915Wynonie Harris, American singer and guitarist (d. 1969)
  • 1915 – James Tiptree, Jr., American psychologist and author (d. 1987)
  • 1917Dennis James, American game show host (d. 1997)
  • 1918Sikander Bakht, Indian field hockey player and politician, Indian Minister of External Affairs (d. 2004)
  • 1919Tosia Altman, member of the Polish resistance in World War II (d. 1943)[19]
  • 1919 – J. Gordon Edwards, American entomologist, mountaineer, and DDT advocate (d. 2004)[20]
  • 1919 – Enrique Llanes, Mexican wrestler (d. 2004)
  • 1920Alex Colville, Canadian painter and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1921Eric Simms, English ornithologist and conservationist (d. 2009)
  • 1921 – Sam Tingle, English-Zimbabwean race car driver (d. 2008)
  • 1922René Lévesque, Canadian journalist and politician, 23rd Premier of Quebec (d. 1987)
  • 1922 – Howard Zinn, American historian, author, and activist (d. 2010)
  • 1923Arthur Jensen, American psychologist and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1924Alyn Ainsworth, English singer and conductor (d. 1990)
  • 1924 – Louis Teicher, American pianist (d. 2008)
  • 1926Nancy Spero, American painter and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1927Anjali Devi, Indian actress and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – David Ireland, Australian author and playwright
  • 1927 – Harry Markowitz, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1929Yasser Arafat, Egyptian-Palestinian engineer and politician, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Betty Dodson, American author and educator
  • 1930Jackie Brenston, American singer-songwriter and saxophonist (d. 1979)
  • 1930 – Roger McCluskey, American race car driver (d. 1993)
  • 1932Robert D. Hales, American captain and religious leader (d. 2017)
  • 1932 – Richard Meale, Australian pianist and composer (d. 2009)[21]
  • 1932 – Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, English cardinal (d. 2017)
  • 1933Prince Rupert Loewenstein, Spanish-English banker and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1934Kenny Baker, English actor (d. 2016)
  • 1936A. S. Byatt, English novelist and poet
  • 1936 – Kenny Guinn, American banker and politician, 27th Governor of Nevada (d. 2010)
  • 1936 – Arthur B. C. Walker, Jr., American physicist and academic (d. 2001)
  • 1937Moshood Abiola, Nigerian businessman and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1937 – Susan Sheehan, Austrian-American journalist and author[22]
  • 1938David Freiberg, American singer and bass player
  • 1938 – Mason Williams, American guitarist and composer
  • 1940Madsen Pirie, British academic, President and co-founder of the Adam Smith Institute[23]
  • 1940 – Francine Lalonde, Canadian educator and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1940 – Keith Savage, English rugby player
  • 1941Alan M. Roberts, English academic, Professor of Zoology at the University of Bristol
  • 1942Max Cleland, American captain and politician
  • 1942 – Peter Gummer, Baron Chadlington, English businessman
  • 1942 – Jimmy Soul, American pop-soul singer (d. 1988)
  • 1943John Cipollina, American rock guitarist (d. 1989)
  • 1944Henry Braden, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1944 – Bill Goldsworthy, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 1996)
  • 1944 – Gregory Jarvis, American captain, engineer, and astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1944 – Rocky Johnson, Canadian-American wrestler and trainer (d. 2020)
  • 1945Ronee Blakley, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1945 – Molly Duncan, Scottish saxophonist (d. 2019)
  • 1945 – Ken Hensley, English rock singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1945 – Marsha P. Johnson, American gay liberation activist and drag queen (d. 1992)
  • 1945 – Vince McMahon, American wrestler, promoter, and entrepreneur; co-founded WWE
  • 1947Anne Archer, American actress and producer
  • 1947 – Paulo Coelho, Brazilian author and songwriter
  • 1947 – Roger De Vlaeminck, Belgian cyclist and coach
  • 1947 – Jim Fox, American rock drummer and organist
  • 1947 – Joe Manchin, American politician, 34th Governor of West Virginia
  • 1947 – Vladimir Masorin, Russian admiral
  • 1948Kim Sung-il, South Korean commander and pilot
  • 1948 – Jean Michel Jarre, French pianist, composer, and producer
  • 1948 – Sauli Niinistö, Finnish captain and politician, 12th President of Finland
  • 1948 – Alexander McCall Smith, Rhodesian-Scottish author and educator
  • 1949Stephen Paulus, American composer and educator (d. 2014)
  • 1949 – Charles Rocket, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1950John Banaszak, American football player and coach
  • 1950 – Tim D. White, American paleoanthropologist and academic
  • 1951Danny Joe Brown, American southern rock singer-songwriter and musician (d. 2005)
  • 1951 – Orson Scott Card, American novelist, critic, public speaker, essayist, and columnist[24]
  • 1951 – Oscar Hijuelos, American author and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1952Marion Bloem, Dutch author, director, and painter
  • 1952 – Bob Corker, American businessman and politician
  • 1952 – Carlo Curley, American organist and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Ian Grob, English race car driver
  • 1952 – Linton Kwesi Johnson, Jamaican dub poet
  • 1952 – Mike Shanahan, American football player and coach
  • 1953Ron Holloway, American saxophonist
  • 1953 – Sam Torrance, Scottish golfer and sportscaster
  • 1954Alain Daigle, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1954 – Heini Otto, Dutch footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1955Mike Huckabee, American minister and politician, 44th Governor of Arkansas
  • 1956Gerry Cooney, American boxer
  • 1956 – John Culberson, American lawyer and politician
  • 1956 – Dick Lee, Singaporean singer-songwriter and playwright
  • 1957Jeffrey Daniel, American singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1957 – Stephen Fry, English actor, journalist, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1958Steve Guttenberg, American actor and producer
  • 1958 – Chris Offutt, American author and academic
  • 1959Meg Munn, English social worker and politician
  • 1960Cal Ripken, Jr., American baseball player and coach
  • 1961Jared Harris, English actor
  • 1962Major Garrett, American journalist and author
  • 1962 – Emile Roemer, Dutch educator and politician
  • 1963Hideo Kojima, Japanese director, screenwriter and video game designer
  • 1963 – Francis Pangilinan, Filipino lawyer and politician
  • 1964Éric Bernard, French race car driver
  • 1964 – Mark Cerny, American video game designer, programmer, producer and business executive
  • 1964 – Salizhan Sharipov, Kyrgyzstani-Russian lieutenant, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1965Marlee Matlin, American actress and producer
  • 1965 – Reggie Miller, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1965 – Brian Rajadurai, Sri Lankan-Canadian cricketer
  • 1966Nick Denton, English journalist and businessman, founded Gawker Media
  • 1967Michael Thomas, English footballer
  • 1968Benoît Brunet, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Shoichi Funaki, Japanese-American wrestler and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Andreas Kisser, Brazilian guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1968 – Tim Salmon, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1969Jans Koerts, Dutch cyclist
  • 1970Rich Beem, American golfer
  • 1970 – Tugay Kerimoğlu, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1972Jean-Luc Brassard, Canadian skier and radio host
  • 1972 – Ava DuVernay, American director and screenwriter
  • 1972 – Todd Young, American politician
  • 1973Andrew Brunette, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1973 – Dave Chappelle, American comedian, actor, producer and screenwriter
  • 1973 – Inge de Bruijn, Dutch swimmer
  • 1974Jennifer Lien, American actress[25]
  • 1975Roberto Colombo, Italian footballer
  • 1975 – Mark de Vries, Surinamese-Dutch footballer
  • 1976Funke Akindele, Nigerian actress
  • 1976 – Simon Dennis, English rower and academic
  • 1976 – Alex O'Loughlin, Australian actor, writer, director, and producer[26]
  • 1976 – Nordin Wooter, Surinamese-Dutch footballer
  • 1977Denílson de Oliveira Araújo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Robert Enke, German footballer (d. 2009)
  • 1977 – Per Gade, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – John Green, American author and vlogger
  • 1977 – Jürgen Macho, Austrian footballer
  • 1978Derek Morris, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979Vahur Afanasjev, Estonian author and poet
  • 1979 – Orlando Engelaar, Dutch footballer
  • 1979 – Kaki King, American guitarist and composer
  • 1979 – Michael Redd, American basketball player
  • 1981Chad Michael Murray, American model and actor
  • 1982José Bosingwa, Portuguese footballer
  • 1982 – Kim Källström, Swedish footballer
  • 1982 – Glen Atle Larsen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1983Brett Gardner, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Marcel Goc, German ice hockey player
  • 1983 – George Perris, Greek-French singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1984Erin Molan, Australian journalist and sportscaster
  • 1984 – Charlie Villanueva, American basketball player
  • 1986Joseph Akpala, Nigerian footballer
  • 1986 – Fabiano Santacroce, Italian footballer
  • 1987Anže Kopitar, Slovenian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Daichi Miura, Japanese singer-songwriter, dancer, and choreographer
  • 1988Rupert Grint, English actor
  • 1988 – Manu Ma'u, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1988 – Joel Thompson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1988 – Maya Yoshida, Japanese footballer
  • 1989Reynaldo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1989 – Rocío Igarzábal, Argentinian actress and singer
  • 1990Juan Pedro Lanzani, Argentinian actor and singer
  • 1991Wang Zhen, Chinese race walker[27]
  • 1992Jemerson, Brazilian footballer
  • 1993Allen Robinson, American football player
  • 1995Lady Amelia Windsor, member of the British royal family[28]
  • 2001Mildred Maldonado, Mexican rhythmic gymnast[29]

Deaths

  • 691Fu Youyi, official of the Tang Dynasty
  • 842Saga, Japanese emperor (b. 786)
  • 895Guthred, king of Northumbria
  • 927Doulu Ge, chancellor of Later Tang
  • 927 – Wei Shuo, chancellor of Later Tang
  • 942Liu, empress dowager of Later Jin
  • 948Zhang Ye, Chinese general and chancellor
  • 1042Michael V Kalaphates, Byzantine emperor (b. 1015)
  • 1103Magnus Barefoot, Norwegian king (b. 1073)
  • 1217Eustace the Monk, French pirate (b. 1170)
  • 1313Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1275)
  • 1372Casimir III, Duke of Pomerania (b. 1348)
  • 1497Sophie of Pomerania, Duchess of Pomerania (b. 1435)
  • 1507Cecily of York, English princess (b. 1469)
  • 1540Parmigianino, Italian painter and etcher (b. 1503)
  • 1542Gasparo Contarini, Italian cardinal (b. 1483)
  • 1572Gaspard II de Coligny, French admiral (b. 1519)
  • 1572 – Charles de Téligny, French soldier and diplomat (b. 1535)
  • 1595Thomas Digges, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1546)
  • 1617Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (b. 1586)
  • 1647Nicholas Stone, English sculptor and architect (b. 1586)
  • 1679Jean François Paul de Gondi, French cardinal and author (b. 1614)
  • 1680Thomas Blood, Irish colonel (b. 1618)
  • 1680 – Ferdinand Bol, Dutch painter and etcher (b. 1616)
  • 1683John Owen, English theologian and academic (b. 1616)
  • 1759Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet and soldier (b. 1715)
  • 1770Thomas Chatterton, English poet and prodigy (b. 1752)
  • 1779Cosmas of Aetolia, Greek monk and saint (b. 1714)
  • 1798Thomas Alcock, English priest and author (b. 1709)
  • 1804Peggy Shippen, American wife of Benedict Arnold and American Revolutionary War spy (b. 1760)
  • 1818James Carr, American lawyer and politician (b. 1777)
  • 1821John William Polidori, English writer and physician (b. 1795)
  • 1832Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French physicist and engineer (b. 1796)
  • 1838Ferenc Kölcsey, Hungarian poet, critic, and politician (b. 1790)
  • 1841Theodore Hook, English civil servant and composer (b. 1788)
  • 1841 – John Ordronaux, French-American soldier (b. 1778)
  • 1888Rudolf Clausius, German physicist and mathematician (b. 1822)
  • 1895Albert F. Mummery, English mountaineer and author (b. 1855)
  • 1923Kate Douglas Wiggin, American author and educator (b. 1856)
  • 1930Tom Norman, English businessman and showman (b. 1860)
  • 1932Kate M. Gordon, American activist (b. 1861)
  • 1939Frederick Carl Frieseke, American painter and educator (b. 1874)
  • 1940Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, Polish-German technician and inventor, invented the Nipkow disk (b. 1860)
  • 1943Antonio Alice, Argentinian painter and educator (b. 1886)
  • 1943 – Simone Weil, French philosopher and activist (b. 1909)
  • 1946James Clark McReynolds, American lawyer and judge, 48th United States Attorney General (b. 1862)
  • 1954Getúlio Vargas, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 14th President of Brazil (b. 1882)
  • 1956Kenji Mizoguchi, Japanese director and screenwriter (b. 1898)
  • 1958Paul Henry, Irish painter and educator (b. 1876)
  • 1967Henry J. Kaiser, American businessman, founded Kaiser Shipyards and Kaiser Aluminum (b. 1882)
  • 1974Alexander P. de Seversky, Russian-American pilot and businessman, co-founded Republic Aviation (b. 1894)
  • 1977Buddy O'Connor, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1916)
  • 1978Louis Prima, American singer-songwriter, trumpet player, and actor (b. 1910)
  • 1979Hanna Reitsch, German soldier and pilot (b. 1912)
  • 1980Yootha Joyce, English actress (b. 1927)
  • 1982Félix-Antoine Savard, Canadian priest and author (b. 1896)
  • 1983Kalevi Kotkas, Estonian-Finnish high jumper and discus thrower (b. 1913)
  • 1983 – Scott Nearing, American economist, educator, and activist (b. 1883)
  • 1985Paul Creston, American composer and educator (b. 1906)
  • 1987Malcolm Kirk, English rugby player and wrestler (b. 1936)
  • 1990Sergei Dovlatov, Russian-American journalist and author (b. 1941)
  • 1990 – Gely Abdel Rahman, Sudanese-Egyptian poet and academic (b. 1931)
  • 1991Bernard Castro, Italian-American inventor (b. 1904)
  • 1992André Donner, Dutch academic and judge (b. 1918)
  • 1997Luigi Villoresi, Italian race car driver (b. 1907)
  • 1998E. G. Marshall, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1999Mary Jane Croft, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 1999 – Alexandre Lagoya, Egyptian guitarist and composer (b. 1929)
  • 2000Andy Hug, Swiss martial artist and kick-boxer (b. 1964)
  • 2001Jane Greer, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Roman Matsov, Estonian violinist, pianist, and conductor (b. 1917)
  • 2002Nikolay Guryanov, Russian priest and mystic (b. 1909)
  • 2003Wilfred Thesiger, Ethiopian-English explorer and author (b. 1910)
  • 2004Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-American psychiatrist and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2006Rocco Petrone, American soldier and engineer (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Léopold Simoneau, Canadian tenor and educator (b. 1916)
  • 2007Andrée Boucher, Canadian educator and politician, 39th Mayor of Quebec City (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Aaron Russo, American director and producer (b. 1943)
  • 2010Satoshi Kon, Japanese director and screenwriter (b. 1963)
  • 2011Seyhan Erözçelik, Turkish poet and author (b. 1962)
  • 2011 – Mike Flanagan, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1951)
  • 2012Dadullah, Pakistani Taliban leader (b. 1965)
  • 2012 – Pauli Ellefsen, Faroese surveyor and politician, 6th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (b. 1936)
  • 2012 – Steve Franken, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Félix Miélli Venerando, Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1937)
  • 2013Gerry Baker, American soccer player and manager (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Nílton de Sordi, Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Julie Harris, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Muriel Siebert, American businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2014Richard Attenborough, English actor, director, producer, and politician (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Antônio Ermírio de Moraes, Brazilian businessman (b. 1928)
  • 2015Charlie Coffey, American football player and coach (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Joseph F. Traub, German-American computer scientist and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Justin Wilson, English race car driver (b. 1978)
  • 2016Walter Scheel, German politician, 4th President of Germany (b. 1919)
  • 2017Jay Thomas, American actor, comedian, and radio talk show host (b. 1948)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Abbán of Ireland
    • Aurea of Ostia
    • Bartholomew the Apostle (Roman Catholic, Anglican)
    • Jeanne-Antide Thouret
    • Maria Micaela Desmaisieres
    • Massa Candida (Martyrs of Utica)
    • Owen (Audoin)
    • August 24 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Flag Day (Liberia)
  • Independence Day or Den' Nezalezhnosti, celebrates the independence of Ukraine from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • International Strange Music Day
  • National Waffle Day (United States)
  • Nostalgia Night (Uruguay)
  • Willka Raymi (Cusco, Peru)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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