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2021

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  2020 (Sunday)
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  2012 (Thursday)
  2011 (Tuesday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".August 23 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 130 days remain until the end of the year.

In ancient astrology, it is a cusp day between Virgo and Leo.

Events

  • 30 BC – After the successful invasion of Egypt, Octavian executes Marcus Antonius Antyllus, eldest son of Mark Antony, and Caesarion, the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt and only child of Julius Caesar and Cleopatra.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • 20 BCLudi Volcanalici are held within the temple precinct of Vulcan, and used by Augustus to mark the treaty with Parthia and the return of the legionary standards that had been lost at the Battle of Carrhae in 53 BC.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".
  • AD 79Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on the feast day of Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.[1]
  • 476Odoacer, chieftain of the Germanic tribes (Herulic - Scirian foederati), is proclaimed rex Italiae ("King of Italy") by his troops.
  • 1244Siege of Jerusalem: The city's citadel, the Tower of David, surrenders to Khwarezmian Empire.
  • 1268 – The Battle of Tagliacozzo marks the fall of the Hohenstaufen family from the Imperial and Sicilian thrones, and leading to the new chapter of Angevin domination in Southern Italy.
  • 1305Sir William Wallace is executed for high treason at Smithfield, London.
  • 1328Battle of Cassel: French troops stop an uprising of Flemish farmers.
  • 1382Siege of Moscow: The Golden Horde led by Tokhtamysh lays siege to the capital of the Grand Duchy of Moscow.
  • 1514 – The Battle of Chaldiran ends with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, founder of the Safavid dynasty.[2]
  • 1521Christian II of Denmark is deposed as king of Sweden and Gustav Vasa is elected regent.
  • 1541 – French explorer Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec City in his third voyage to Canada.
  • 1572French Wars of Religion: Mob violence against thousands of Huguenots in Paris results in the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre.
  • 1595Long Turkish War: Wallachian prince Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Călugăreni and achieves a tactical victory.
  • 1600Battle of Gifu Castle: The eastern forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu defeat the western Japanese clans loyal to Toyotomi Hideyori, leading to the destruction of Gifu Castle and serving as a prelude to the Battle of Sekigahara.
  • 1628George Villiers, the first Duke of Buckingham, is assassinated by John Felton.
  • 1655Battle of Sobota: The Swedish Empire led by Charles X Gustav defeats the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1703Edirne event: Sultan Mustafa II of the Ottoman Empire is dethroned.
  • 1775American Revolutionary War: King George III delivers his Proclamation of Rebellion to the Court of St James's stating that the American colonies have proceeded to a state of open and avowed rebellion.
  • 1784 – Western North Carolina (now eastern Tennessee) declares itself an independent state under the name of Franklin; it is not accepted into the United States, and only lasts for four years.
  • 1799Napoleon I of France leaves Egypt for France en route to seizing power.
  • 1813 – At the Battle of Großbeeren, the Prussians under Von Bülow repulse the French army.
  • 1831Nat Turner's slave rebellion is suppressed.
  • 1839 – The United Kingdom captures Hong Kong as a base as it prepares for the First Opium War with Qing China.
  • 1864American Civil War: The Union Navy captures Fort Morgan, Alabama, thus breaking Confederate dominance of all ports on the Gulf of Mexico except Galveston, Texas.
  • 1866Austro-Prussian War ends with the Treaty of Prague.
  • 1873Albert Bridge in Chelsea, London opens.
  • 1898 – The Southern Cross Expedition, the first British venture of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, departs from London.
  • 1904 – The automobile tire chain is patented.
  • 1914World War I: The British Expeditionary Force and the French Fifth Army begin their Great Retreat before the German Army.
  • 1914 – World War I: Japan declares war on Germany.
  • 1921 – British airship R-38 experiences structural failure over Hull in England and crashes in the Humber Estuary. Of her 49 British and American training crew, only four survive.
  • 1923Captain Lowell Smith and Lieutenant John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
  • 1927 – Italian anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti are executed after a lengthy, controversial trial.
  • 1929Hebron Massacre during the 1929 Palestine riots: Arab attack on the Jewish community in Hebron in the British Mandate of Palestine, continuing until the next day, resulted in the death of 65–68 Jews and the remaining Jews being forced to leave the city.
  • 1939World War II: Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. In a secret addition to the pact, the Baltic states, Finland, Romania, and Poland are divided between the two nations.
  • 1942 – World War II: Beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad.
  • 1943 – World War II: Kharkiv is liberated by the Soviet Union after the Battle of Kursk.
  • 1944 – World War II: Marseille is liberated by the Allies.
  • 1944 – World War II: King Michael of Romania dismisses the pro-Nazi government of Marshal Antonescu, who is arrested. Romania switches sides from the Axis to the Allies.
  • 1944 – Freckleton Air Disaster: A United States Army Air Forces B-24 Liberator bomber crashes into a school in Freckleton, England, killing 61 people.
  • 1945 – World War II: Soviet–Japanese War: The USSR State Defense Committee issues Decree no. 9898cc "About Receiving, Accommodation, and Labor Utilization of the Japanese Army Prisoners of War".
  • 1946Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Länder (states) of Hanover and Schleswig-Holstein.
  • 1948World Council of Churches is formed by 147 churches from 44 countries.
  • 1954 – First flight of the Lockheed C-130 multi-role aircraft.
  • 1958Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait Crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
  • 1966Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first photograph of Earth from orbit around the Moon.
  • 1970 – Organized by Mexican American labor union leader César Chávez, the Salad Bowl strike, the largest farm worker strike in U.S. history, begins.
  • 1973 – A bank robbery gone wrong in Stockholm, Sweden, turns into a hostage crisis; over the next five days the hostages begin to sympathise with their captors, leading to the term "Stockholm syndrome".
  • 1975 – The start of the Wave Hill walk-off by Gurindji people in Australia, lasting eight years, a landmark event in the history of Indigenous land rights in Australia, commemorated in a 1991 Paul Kelly song and an annual celebration.[3]
  • 1975 – The Pontiac Silverdome opens in Pontiac, Michigan, Script error: No such module "convert". northwest of Detroit, Michigan
  • 1985Hans Tiedge, top counter-spy of West Germany, defects to East Germany.
  • 1989Singing Revolution: Two million people from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania stand on the VilniusTallinn road, holding hands. This is called the Baltic Way or Baltic Chain.
  • 1990Saddam Hussein appears on Iraqi state television with a number of Western "guests" (actually hostages) to try to prevent the Gulf War.
  • 1990 – Armenia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1990 – West and East Germany announce that they will reunite on October 3.
  • 1991 – The World Wide Web is opened to the public.
  • 1994Eugene Bullard, the only African American pilot in World War I, is posthumously commissioned as Second Lieutenant in the United States Air Force.
  • 2000Gulf Air Flight 072 crashes into the Persian Gulf near Manama, Bahrain, killing 143.
  • 2006Natascha Kampusch, who had been abducted at the age of ten, escapes from her captor Wolfgang Přiklopil, after eight years of captivity.
  • 2007 – The skeletal remains of Russia's last royal family members Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and his sister Grand Duchess Anastasia are discovered near Yekaterinburg, Russia.
  • 2011 – A magnitude 5.8 (class: moderate) earthquake occurs in Virginia. Damage occurs to monuments and structures in Washington D.C. and the resulted damage is estimated at $200 million–$300 million USD.
  • 2011 – Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is overthrown after the National Transitional Council forces take control of Bab al-Azizia compound during the Libyan Civil War.
  • 2012 – A hot-air balloon crashes near the Slovenian capital of Ljubljana, killing six people and injuring 28 others.
  • 2013 – A riot at the Palmasola prison complex in Santa Cruz, Bolivia kills 31 people.

Births

  • 1482Jo Gwang-jo, Korean philosopher (d. 1520)
  • 1486Sigismund von Herberstein, Slovenian historian and diplomat (d. 1566)
  • 1498Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal (d. 1500)
  • 1524François Hotman, French lawyer and jurist (d. 1590)
  • 1579Thomas Dempster, Scottish scholar and historian (d. 1625)
  • 1623Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer, theologian, and historian (d. 1675)
  • 1724Abraham Yates, Jr., American lawyer and civil servant (d. 1796)
  • 1741Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse, French admiral and explorer (d. 1788)
  • 1754Louis XVI of France (d. 1793)
  • 1769Georges Cuvier, French biologist and academic (d. 1832)
  • 1783William Tierney Clark, English engineer, designed the Hammersmith Bridge (d. 1852)
  • 1785Oliver Hazard Perry, American commander (d. 1819)
  • 1805Anton von Schmerling, Austrian judge and politician (d. 1893)
  • 1814James Roosevelt Bayley, American archbishop (d. 1877)
  • 1829Moritz Cantor, German mathematician and historian (d. 1920)
  • 1843William Southam, Canadian publisher (d. 1932)
  • 1846Alexander Milne Calder, Scottish-American sculptor (d. 1923)
  • 1847Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer (d. 1927)
  • 1849William Ernest Henley, English poet and critic (d. 1903)
  • 1850John Cockburn, Scottish-Australian politician, 18th Premier of South Australia (d. 1929)
  • 1852Radha Gobinda Kar, Indian physician and philanthropist (d. 1918)
  • 1852 – Clímaco Calderón, Colombian lawyer and politician, 15th President of Colombia (d. 1913)
  • 1852 – Arnold Toynbee, English economist and historian (d. 1883)[4]
  • 1854Moritz Moszkowski, Polish-German pianist and composer (d. 1925)
  • 1864Eleftherios Venizelos, Greek lawyer, jurist, and politician, 93rd Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1936)
  • 1867Edgar de Wahl, Ukrainian-Estonian linguist and academic (d. 1948)
  • 1868Edgar Lee Masters, American lawyer, author, poet, and playwright (d. 1950)
  • 1872Tanguturi Prakasam, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Andhra (d. 1957)
  • 1875William Eccles, English physicist and engineer (d. 1966)
  • 1875 – Eugene Lanceray, Russian painter and sculptor (d. 1946)
  • 1877István Medgyaszay, Hungarian architect and academic (d. 1959)
  • 1880Alexander Grin, Russian sailor and author (d. 1932)
  • 1883Jonathan M. Wainwright, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1953)
  • 1884Will Cuppy, American author and critic (d. 1949)
  • 1884 – Ogden L. Mills, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 50th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1937)
  • 1890Harry Frank Guggenheim, American businessman and publisher, co-founded Newsday (d. 1971)
  • 1891Roy Agnew, Australian pianist and composer (d. 1944)
  • 1894John Auden, English solicitor, deputy coroner and a territorial soldier (d. 1959)
  • 1897Henry F. Pringle, American historian and journalist (d. 1958)
  • 1900Frances Adaskin, Canadian pianist (d. 2001)
  • 1900 – Ernst Krenek, Austrian-American composer and educator (d. 1991)
  • 1900 – Malvina Reynolds, American singer-songwriter and activist (d. 1978)
  • 1901Guy Bush, American baseball player and manager (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – John Sherman Cooper, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 2nd United States Ambassador to East Germany (d. 1991)
  • 1903William Primrose, Scottish viola player and educator (d. 1982)
  • 1905Ernie Bushmiller, American cartoonist (d. 1982)
  • 1905 – Constant Lambert, English composer and conductor (d. 1951)
  • 1906Zoltan Sarosy, Hungarian-Canadian chess master (d. 2017)
  • 1908Hannah Frank, Scottish sculptor and illustrator (d. 2008)
  • 1909Syd Buller, English cricketer and umpire (d. 1970)
  • 1910Lonny Frey, American baseball player and soldier (d. 2009)
  • 1910 – Giuseppe Meazza, Italian footballer and manager (d. 1979)
  • 1911Betty Robinson, American sprinter (d. 1999)[5]
  • 1912Gene Kelly, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Igor Troubetzkoy, Russian aristocrat and race car driver (d. 2008)
  • 1913Bob Crosby, American swing singer and bandleader (d. 1993)
  • 1917Tex Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1985)
  • 1919Vladimir Abramovich Rokhlin, Azerbaijani mathematician and theorist (d. 1984)
  • 1921Kenneth Arrow, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
  • 1921 – Sam Cook, English cricketer and umpire (d. 1996)
  • 1922Nazik Al-Malaika, Iraqi poet and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Jean Darling, American actress and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1922 – George Kell, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2009)
  • 1923Edgar F. Codd, English-American computer scientist and programmer (d. 2003)
  • 1924Ephraim Kishon, Israeli author, screenwriter, and director (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Robert Solow, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1925Robert Mulligan, American director and producer (d. 2008)
  • 1926Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist and academic (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Gyula Hernádi, Hungarian author and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1927Dick Bruna, Dutch author and illustrator (d. 2017)
  • 1927 – Allan Kaprow, American painter and author (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Martial Solal, Algerian-French pianist and composer
  • 1928Marian Seldes, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1929Vladimir Beekman, Estonian poet and translator (d. 2009)
  • 1929 – Zoltán Czibor, Hungarian footballer (d. 1997)
  • 1929 – Vera Miles, American actress
  • 1929 – Peter Thomson, Australian golfer (d. 2018)
  • 1930Michel Rocard, French civil servant and politician, 160th Prime Minister of France (d. 2016)
  • 1931Barbara Eden, American actress and singer
  • 1931 – Hamilton O. Smith, American microbiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932Houari Boumediene, Algerian colonel and politician, 2nd President of Algeria (d. 1978)
  • 1932 – Enos Nkala, Zimbabwean soldier and politician, Zimbabwean Minister of Defence (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Mark Russell, American comedian and pianist
  • 1933Robert Curl, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1933 – Don Talbot, Australian swim coach and administrator
  • 1933 – Pete Wilson, American commander and politician, 36th Governor of California
  • 1934Sonny Jurgensen, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1935Roy Strong, English historian, curator, and author
  • 1936Rudy Lewis, American R&B singer (d. 1964)
  • 1936 – Henry Lee Lucas, American murderer (d. 2001)
  • 1938Giacomo Bini, Italian priest and missionary (d. 2014)
  • 1938 – Roger Greenaway, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1940Galen Rowell, American mountaineer and photographer (d. 2002)
  • 1940 – Richard Sanders, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1941Onora O'Neill, Baroness O'Neill of Bengarve, British philosopher, academic, and politician
  • 1942Nancy Richey, American tennis player
  • 1943Dale Campbell-Savours, Baron Campbell-Savours, English businessman and politician
  • 1943 – Nelson DeMille, American lieutenant and author
  • 1943 – Peter Lilley, English politician, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
  • 1943 – Pino Presti, Italian bass player, composer, conductor, and producer
  • 1944Antonia Novello, Puerto Rican-American physician and admiral, 14th Surgeon General of the United States
  • 1945Rayfield Wright, American football player and coach
  • 1946Keith Moon, English drummer, songwriter, and producer (d. 1978)
  • 1947Willy Russell, English playwright and composer
  • 1947 – Linda Thompson, English folk-rock singer-songwriter
  • 1948Atef Bseiso, Palestinian intelligence officer (d. 1992)
  • 1948 – Andrei Pleșu, Romanian journalist and politician, 95th Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1948 – Rudy Ruettiger, American football player
  • 1948 – Lev Zeleny, Russian physicist and academic
  • 1949Vicky Leandros, Greek singer and politician
  • 1949 – Shelley Long, American actress
  • 1949 – Rick Springfield, Australian-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1950Luigi Delneri, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1951Jimi Jamison, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. 2014)
  • 1951 – Akhmad Kadyrov, Chechen cleric and politician, 1st President of the Chechen Republic (d. 2004)
  • 1951 – Queen Noor of Jordan[6]
  • 1952Santillana, Spanish footballer
  • 1952 – Georgios Paraschos, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1953Bobby G, English singer-songwriter
  • 1954Charles Busch, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1954 – Halimah Yacob, Singaporean unionist and politician, 9th Speaker and 8th President of Singapore
  • 1955David Learner, British actor
  • 1956Andreas Floer, German mathematician and academic (d. 1991)
  • 1956 – Valgerd Svarstad Haugland, Norwegian educator and politician, Norwegian Minister of Culture
  • 1957Tasos Mitropoulos, Greek footballer and politician
  • 1958Julio Franco, Dominican baseball player and manager
  • 1959Edwyn Collins, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959 – George Kalovelonis, Greek tennis player and coach
  • 1960Gary Hoey, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1961Dean DeLeo, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1961 – Alexandre Desplat, French composer and conductor
  • 1961 – Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, Iranian commander and politician, 54th Mayor of Tehran
  • 1961 – Gary Mabbutt, English footballer
  • 1961 – Hitomi Takahashi, Japanese actress
  • 1962Martin Cauchon, Canadian lawyer and politician, 46th Canadian Minister of Justice
  • 1962 – Shaun Ryder, English singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1963Park Chan-wook, South Korean director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Glória Pires, Brazilian actress
  • 1963 – Richard Illingworth, English cricketer and umpire
  • 1963 – Kenny Wallace, American race car driver
  • 1964Kong Hee, Founder & former senior pastor of City Harvest Church
  • 1965Roger Avary, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966Rik Smits, Dutch-American basketball player
  • 1967Jim Murphy, Scottish lawyer and politician, Minister of State for Europe
  • 1967 – Richard Petrie, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1968Laura Claycomb, American soprano
  • 1968 – Chris DiMarco, American golfer
  • 1969Tinus Linee, South African rugby player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1969 – Jack Lopresti, English soldier and politician
  • 1969 – Jeremy Schaap, American journalist and author
  • 1969 – Keith Tyson, English painter and illustrator
  • 1970Lawrence Frank, American basketball player and coach
  • 1970 – Jason Hetherington, Australian rugby league player
  • 1970 – Jay Mohr, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – River Phoenix, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1971Demetrio Albertini, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Tim Gutberlet, German footballer
  • 1971 – Gretchen Whitmer, 49th Governor of Michigan
  • 1972Mark Butcher, English cricketer and singer
  • 1972 – Raul Casanova, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1972 – Anthony Calvillo, Canadian football player
  • 1972 – Martin Grainger, English footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Manuel Vidrio, Mexican footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1973Casey Blake, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Kerry Walmsley, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1974Lexi Alexander, American film and television director
  • 1974 – Mark Bellhorn, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Benjamin Limo, Kenyan runner
  • 1974 – Konstantin Novoselov, Russian-English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1974 – Ray Park, Scottish actor and stuntman
  • 1975Sean Marks, New Zealand basketball player and manager
  • 1975 – Eliza Carthy, English folk musician
  • 1976Pat Garrity, American basketball player
  • 1977Douglas Sequeira, Costa Rican footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Jared Fogle, former spokesperson for chain restaurant Subway
  • 1978Kobe Bryant, American basketball player and businessman (d. 2020)
  • 1978 – Julian Casablancas, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1978 – Randal Tye Thomas, American journalist and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1978 – Andrew Rannells, American actor and singer
  • 1979Jessica Bibby, Australian basketball player
  • 1979 – Saskia Clark, English sailor
  • 1979 – Edgar Sosa, Mexican boxer
  • 1979 – Zuzana Váleková, Slovak tennis player
  • 1980Denny Bautista, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980 – Nadine Jolie Courtney, American journalist, reality personality and author
  • 1980 – Rex Grossman, American football player
  • 1980 – Nenad Vučković, Serbian handball player
  • 1981Carlos Cuéllar, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – Stephan Loboué, Ivorian footballer
  • 1982Natalie Coughlin, American swimmer
  • 1982 – Scott Palguta, American soccer player
  • 1982 – Cristian Tudor, Romanian footballer (d. 2012)
  • 1983James Collins, Welsh footballer
  • 1983 – Athena Farrokhzad, Iranian-Swedish poet, playwright, and critic
  • 1983 – Sun Mingming, Chinese basketball player
  • 1983 – Tony Moll, American football player
  • 1983 – Fiona Onasanya, British Labour Party politician and criminal[7]
  • 1983 – Bruno Spengler, Canadian race car driver
  • 1984Glen Johnson, English footballer
  • 1984 – Eric Tai, New Zealand rugby player and actor
  • 1985Valeria Lukyanova, Moldovan-Ukrainian model and singer
  • 1986Neil Cicierega, American comedian and musician
  • 1986 – Brett Morris, Australian rugby league player
  • 1986 – Josh Morris, Australian rugby league player
  • 1988Olga Govortsova, Belarusian tennis player
  • 1988 – Carl Hagelin, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1988 – Jeremy Lin, American basketball player
  • 1989Trixie Mattel, American drag queen, actor, and country singer[8]
  • 1989 – Heiko Schwarz, German footballer
  • 1989 – Lianne La Havas, British singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist
  • 1990Seth Curry, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Mike Yastrzemski, American baseball player[9]
  • 1992Nicola Docherty, Scottish footballer[10]
  • 1993Iván López, Spanish professional footballer
  • 1994August Ames, Canadian pornographic actress (d. 2017)
  • 1997Lil Yachty, American rapper and singer[11]

Deaths

  • 30 BCCaesarion, Egyptian king (b. 47 BC)
  • 30 BC – Marcus Antonius Antyllus, Roman soldier (b. 47 BC)
  • AD 93Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and politician (b. AD 40)
  • 406Radagaisus, Gothic king
  • 634Abu Bakr, Arabian caliph (b. 573)
  • 818Ali al-Ridha, Iranian 8th of the Twelve Imams (b. 765)
  • 992Volkold, bishop of Meissen[12]
  • 1106Magnus, Duke of Saxony (b. 1045)
  • 1176Emperor Rokujō of Japan (b. 1164)
  • 1305William Wallace, Scottish rebel commander (b. 1272)
  • 1328Nicolaas Zannekin, Flemish peasant leader (in the battle of Cassel)
  • 1329Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1282)
  • 1335Heilwige Bloemardinne, Christian mystic (b. c. 1265)
  • 1348John de Stratford, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1363Chen Youliang, founder of the Dahan regime (b. 1320)
  • 1367Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz, Spanish cardinal (b. 1310)
  • 1387Olaf II of Denmark (b. 1370)
  • 1478Johannes Pullois, Franco-Flemish composer (b. c. 1420?)
  • 1481Thomas de Littleton, English judge and legal author (b. c. 1407)
  • 1498Isabella of Aragon, Queen of Portugal, eldest daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1470)
  • 1507Jean Molinet, French poet and composer (b. 1435)
  • 1519Philibert Berthelier, Swiss soldier (b. 1465)
  • 1540Guillaume Budé, French philosopher and scholar (b. 1467)
  • 1568Thomas Wharton, 1st Baron Wharton (b. 1495)
  • 1574Ebussuud Efendi, Turkish lawyer and jurist (b. 1490)
  • 1591Luis de León, Spanish poet and academic (b. 1527)
  • 1618Gerbrand Adriaenszoon Bredero, Dutch poet and playwright (b. 1585)
  • 1628George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire (b. 1592)
  • 1652John Byron, 1st Baron Byron, English soldier and politician (b. 1600)
  • 1706Edward Nott, English politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1654)
  • 1723Increase Mather, American minister and author (b. 1639)
  • 1806Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, French physicist and engineer (b. 1736)
  • 1813Alexander Wilson (ornithologist), Scottish-American poet, ornithologist, and illustrator (b. 1766)
  • 1819Oliver Hazard Perry, American commander (b. 1785)
  • 1831Ferenc Kazinczy, Hungarian author and poet (b. 1759)
  • 1831 – August Neidhardt von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal (b. 1760)
  • 1853Alexander Calder, American lawyer and politician (b. 1806)
  • 1867Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy, French poet and author (b. 1796)
  • 1892Deodoro da Fonseca, Brazilian field marshal and politician, 1st President of Brazil (b. 1827)
  • 1900Kuroda Kiyotaka, Japanese general and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1840)
  • 1924Heinrich Berté, Slovak-Austrian composer (b. 1856)
  • 1926Rudolph Valentino, Italian actor (b. 1895)
  • 1927Nicola Sacco, Italian anarchist convicted of murder (b. 1891)
  • 1927 – Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist convicted of murder (b. 1888)
  • 1933Adolf Loos, Austrian architect and theoretician, designed Villa Müller (b. 1870)
  • 1937Albert Roussel, French composer and educator (b. 1869)
  • 1944Abdülmecid II, Ottoman sultan (b. 1868)
  • 1944 – Stefan Filipkiewicz, Polish painter and illustrator (b. 1879)
  • 1949Helen Churchill Candee, American geographer, journalist, and author (b. 1858)
  • 1954Jaan Sarv, Estonian mathematician and scholar (b. 1877)
  • 1960Oscar Hammerstein II, American director, producer, and composer (b. 1895)[13]
  • 1962Walter Anderson, Russian-German ethnologist and academic (b. 1885)
  • 1962 – Hoot Gibson, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1892)
  • 1964Edmond Hogan, Australian politician, 30th Premier of Victoria (b. 1883)
  • 1966Francis X. Bushman, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1883)[14]
  • 1967Georges Berger, Belgian race car driver (b. 1918)
  • 1967 – Nathaniel Cartmell, American runner and coach (b. 1883)
  • 1974Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist and author (b. 1888)
  • 1975Faruk Gürler, Turkish general (b. 1913)
  • 1977Naum Gabo, Russian sculptor and academic (b. 1890)
  • 1982Stanford Moore, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)
  • 1987Didier Pironi, French race car and boat driver (b. 1952)[15]
  • 1989Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese poet and academic (b. 1944)
  • 1989 – R. D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist and author (b. 1927)[16]
  • 1990David Rose, American pianist and composer (b. 1910)
  • 1994Zoltán Fábri, Hungarian director and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 1995Alfred Eisenstaedt, German-American photographer and journalist (b. 1898)
  • 1996Margaret Tucker, Australian author and activist (b. 1904)
  • 1997Eric Gairy, Grenadian educator and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1922)[17]
  • 1997 – John Kendrew, English biochemist and crystallographer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1999Norman Wexler, American screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2000John Anthony Kaiser, American priest and missionary (b. 1932)
  • 2001Kathleen Freeman, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2001 – Peter Maas, American journalist and author (b. 1929)
  • 2002Hoyt Wilhelm, American baseball player and coach (b. 1922)
  • 2003Bobby Bonds, American baseball player and manager (b. 1946)
  • 2003 – Jack Dyer, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Jan Sedivka, Czech-Australian violinist and educator (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Michael Kijana Wamalwa, Kenyan lawyer and politician, 8th Vice President of Kenya (b. 1944)
  • 2005Brock Peters, American actor (b. 1927)[18]
  • 2006Maynard Ferguson, Canadian trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1928)
  • 2008John Russell, English-American author and critic (b. 1919)
  • 2012Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer and voice actor (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Josepha Sherman, American anthologist and author (b. 1946)
  • 2013Richard J. Corman, American businessman, founded the R.J. Corman Railroad Group (b. 1955)
  • 2013 – William Glasser, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Charles Lisanby, American production designer and set director (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Konstanty Miodowicz, Polish ethnographer and politician (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Vesna Rožič, Slovenian chess player (b. 1987)
  • 2013 – Tatyana Zaslavskaya, Russian sociologist and economist (b. 1927)
  • 2014Albert Ebossé Bodjongo, Cameroonian footballer (b. 1989)
  • 2014 – Annefleur Kalvenhaar, Dutch cyclist (b. 1994)
  • 2014 – Birgitta Stenberg, Swedish author and illustrator (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Jaume Vallcorba Plana, Spanish philologist and publisher (b. 1949)
  • 2015Augusta Chiwy, Congolese-Belgian nurse (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Guy Ligier, French rugby player and race car driver (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Enrique Reneau, Honduran footballer (b. 1971)[19]
  • 2015 – Paul Royle, Australian lieutenant and pilot (b. 1914)

Holidays and observances

  • Battle of Kursk Day (Russia)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Ascelina
    • Asterius, Claudius, and Neon
    • Éogan of Ardstraw
    • Lupus (Luppus) of Novae
    • Philip Benitius
    • Quiriacus and companions, of Ostia
    • Rose of Lima
    • Tydfil
    • Zacchaeus of Jerusalem
    • August 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of the National Flag (Ukraine)
  • European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism or Black Ribbon Day (European Union and other countries), and related observances:
    • Liberation from Fascist Occupation Day (Romania)
  • International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition
  • National Day for Physicians (Iran)
  • Umhlanga Day (Swaziland)

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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