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2021

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  2020 (Thursday)
  2019 (Tuesday)
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  2011 (Saturday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".August 20 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 133 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • AD 14Agrippa Postumus, maternal grandson of the late Roman emperor Augustus, is executed by his guards under mysterious circumstances while in exile.
  • 636Battle of Yarmouk: Arab forces led by Khalid ibn al-Walid take control of the Levant away from the Byzantine Empire, marking the first great wave of Muslim conquests and the rapid advance of Islam outside Arabia.
  • 917Battle of Acheloos: Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria decisively defeats a Byzantine army.
  • 1083 – Canonization of the first King of Hungary, Saint Stephen and his son Saint Emeric celebrated as a National Day in Hungary.
  • 1191Richard I of England initiates the Massacre at Ayyadieh, leaving 2,600–3,000 Muslim hostages dead.
  • 1308Pope Clement V pardons Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, absolving him of charges of heresy.
  • 1391Konrad von Wallenrode becomes the 24th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order.
  • 1467 – The Second Battle of Olmedo takes places as part of a succession conflict between Henry IV of Castile and his half-brother Alfonso, Prince of Asturias.
  • 1519 – Philosopher and general Wang Yangming defeats Zhu Chenhao, ending the Prince of Ning rebellion against the reign of the Ming dynasty's Zhengde Emperor.
  • 1648 – A French victory over Spain at the Battle of Lens brings the Thirty Years' War to a close.
  • 1672 – Former Grand Pensionary Johan de Witt and his brother Cornelis are lynched by an angry mob in The Hague.
  • 1707 – The first Siege of Pensacola comes to an end with the failure of the British to capture Pensacola, Florida.
  • 1710War of the Spanish Succession: A multinational army led by the Austrian commander Guido Starhemberg defeats the Spanish-Bourbon army commanded by Alexandre Maître, Marquis de Bay in the Battle of Saragossa.
  • 1775 – The Spanish establish the Presidio San Augustin del Tucson in the town that became Tucson, Arizona.
  • 1794Northwest Indian War: United States troops force a confederacy of Shawnee, Mingo, Delaware, Wyandot, Miami, Ottawa, Chippewa, and Potawatomi warriors into a disorganized retreat at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
  • 1852 – Steamboat Atlantic sank on Lake Erie after a collision, with the loss of at least 150 lives.
  • 1858Charles Darwin first publishes his theory of evolution through natural selection in The Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, alongside Alfred Russel Wallace's same theory.
  • 1866President Andrew Johnson formally declares the American Civil War over.
  • 1882Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture debuts in Moscow, Russia.
  • 1905 – The United Allegiance Society, dedicated to overthrowing the Qing dynasty in Beijing, is founded by Chinese students in Tokyo.
  • 1910 – Extreme fire weather in the Inland Northwest of the United States causes many small wildfires to coalesce into the Great Fire of 1910, burning approximately Script error: No such module "convert". and killing 87 people.
  • 1914World War I: Brussels is captured during the German invasion of Belgium.
  • 1920 – The first commercial radio station, 8MK (now WWJ), begins operations in Detroit.[1]
  • 1920 – The National Football League is organized as the American Professional Football Conference in Canton, Ohio
  • 1926 – Japan's public broadcasting company, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai (NHK) is established.
  • 1938Lou Gehrig hits his 23rd career grand slam, a record that stood for 75 years until it was broken by Alex Rodriguez.
  • 1940 – In Mexico City, exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky is fatally wounded with an ice axe by Ramón Mercader. He dies the next day.
  • 1940 – World War II: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill makes the fourth of his famous wartime speeches, containing the line "Never was so much owed by so many to so few".
  • 1944 – World War II: One hundred sixty-eight captured allied airmen, including Phil Lamason, accused by the Gestapo of being "terror fliers", arrive at Buchenwald concentration camp.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Romania begins with a major Soviet Union offensive.
  • 1948 – Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob M. Lomakin is expelled by the United States, due to the Kasenkina Case.[2]
  • 1955Battle of Philippeville: In Morocco, a force of Berbers from the Atlas Mountains region of Algeria raid two rural settlements and kill 77 French nationals.
  • 1960Senegal breaks from the Mali Federation, declaring its independence.
  • 1962 – The NS Savannah, the world's first nuclear-powered civilian ship, embarks on its maiden voyage.
  • 1968Cold War: Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia, crushing the Prague Spring. East German participation is limited to a few specialists due to memories of the recent war. Only Albania and Romania refuse to participate.
  • 1975Viking program: NASA launches the Viking 1 planetary probe toward Mars.
  • 1977Voyager program: NASA launches the Voyager 2 spacecraft.
  • 1986 – In Edmond, Oklahoma, U.S. Postal employee Patrick Sherrill guns down 14 of his co-workers and then commits suicide.
  • 1988 – "Black Saturday" of the Yellowstone fire in Yellowstone National Park
  • 1988 – Iran–Iraq War: A ceasefire is agreed after almost eight years of war.
  • 1988 – The Troubles: Eight British soldiers are killed and 28 wounded when their bus is hit by an IRA roadside bomb in Ballygawley, County Tyrone.
  • 1989 – The pleasure boat Marchioness sinks on the River Thames following a collision. Fifty-one people are killed.
  • 1991Dissolution of the Soviet Union, August Coup: More than 100,000 people rally outside the Soviet Union's parliament building protesting the coup aiming to depose President Mikhail Gorbachev.
  • 1991 – Estonia, occupied by and incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, issues a decision on the re-establishment of independence on the basis of legal continuity of its pre-occupation statehood.
  • 1993 – After rounds of secret negotiations in Norway, the Oslo Accords are signed, followed by a public ceremony in Washington, D.C. the following month.
  • 1995 – The Firozabad rail disaster claimed 358 lives in Firozabad, India.
  • 1997Souhane massacre in Algeria; over 60 people are killed and 15 kidnapped.
  • 1998 – The Supreme Court of Canada rules that Quebec cannot legally secede from Canada without the federal government's approval.
  • 1998 – U.S. embassy bombings: The United States launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaeda camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical weapons plant in Sudan in retaliation for the August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
  • 2002 – A group of Iraqis opposed to the regime of Saddam Hussein take over the Iraqi embassy in Berlin, Germany for five hours before releasing their hostages and surrendering.
  • 2006Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Tamil politician and former MP S. Sivamaharajah is shot dead at his home in Tellippalai.
  • 2007China Airlines Flight 120 caught fire and exploded after landing at Naha Airport in Okinawa, Japan.
  • 2008Spanair Flight 5022, from Madrid, Spain to Gran Canaria, skids off the runway and crashes at Barajas Airport. Of the 172 people on board, 146 die immediately, and eight more later die of injuries sustained in the crash.
  • 2012 – A prison riot in the Venezuelan capital, Caracas, kills at least 20 people.
  • 2014 – Seventy-two people are killed in Japan's Hiroshima Prefecture by a series of landslides caused by a month's worth of rain that fell in one day.
  • 2016Fifty-four people are killed when a suicide bomber detonates himself at a Kurdish wedding party in Gaziantep, Turkey.
  • 2020Joe Biden gives his acceptance speech virtually for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination at the 2020 Democratic National Convention. [3]

Births

  • 1086Bolesław III Wrymouth, Prince of Poland (d. 1138)
  • 1377Shahrukh Mirza, ruler of Persia and Transoxiania (d. 1447)[4]
  • 1457Seongjong of Joseon, King of Joseon (d. 1494)
  • 1517Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, French cardinal and art collector (d. 1586)[5]
  • 1561Jacopo Peri, Italian singer and composer (d. 1633)[6]
  • 1625Thomas Corneille, French playwright and philologist (d. 1709)
  • 1632Louis Bourdaloue, French preacher and academic (d. 1704)
  • 1659Henry Every, English pirate (d. 1696)[7]
  • 1710Thomas Simpson, English mathematician and academic (d. 1761)
  • 1719Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer and educator (d. 1783)
  • 1720Bernard de Bury, French harpsichord player and composer (d. 1785)
  • 1778Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean general and politician, 2nd Supreme Director of Chile (d. 1842)
  • 1779Jöns Jacob Berzelius, Swedish chemist and academic (d. 1848)
  • 1789Abbas Mirza, Qajar crown prince of Persia (d. 1833)
  • 1799James Prinsep, English orientalist and scholar (d. 1840)
  • 1833Benjamin Harrison, American general, lawyer, and politician, 23rd President of the United States (d. 1901)
  • 1845Albert Chmielowski, Polish saint, founded the Albertine Brothers (d. 1916)
  • 1847Andrew Greenwood, English cricketer (d. 1889)
  • 1847 – Bolesław Prus, Polish journalist and author (d. 1912)
  • 1856Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, German poet and playwright (d. 1909)
  • 1860Raymond Poincaré, French lawyer and politician, 10th President of France (d. 1934)
  • 1865Bernard Tancred, South African cricketer and lawyer (d. 1911)
  • 1868Ellen Roosevelt, American tennis player (d. 1954)
  • 1873Eliel Saarinen, Finnish architect and academic, co-designed the National Museum of Finland (d. 1950)
  • 1881Edgar Guest, English-American poet and author (d. 1959)
  • 1881 – Aleksander Hellat, Estonian politician, 6th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1943)
  • 1884Rudolf Bultmann, German Lutheran theologian and professor of New Testament at the University of Marburg (d. 1976)
  • 1885Dino Campana, Italian poet and author (d. 1932)
  • 1886Paul Tillich, German-American philosopher and theologian (d. 1965)
  • 1887Phan Khôi, Vietnamese journalist and scholar (d. 1959)
  • 1888Tôn Đức Thắng, Vietnamese politician, 2nd President of Vietnam (d. 1980)
  • 1890H. P. Lovecraft, American short story writer, editor, novelist (d. 1937)
  • 1896Gostha Pal, Indian footballer (d. 1976)
  • 1897Tarjei Vesaas, Norwegian author and poet (d. 1970)
  • 1898Vilhelm Moberg, Swedish historian, journalist, author, and playwright (d. 1973)
  • 1901Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian novelist and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1905Jean Gebser, German linguist, poet, and philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1905 – Mikio Naruse, Japanese director and screenwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1905 – Jack Teagarden, American singer-songwriter and trombonist (d. 1964)
  • 1906 – Vidrik Rootare, Estonian chess player (d. 1981)
  • 1908Al López, American baseball player and manager (d. 2005)
  • 1909André Morell, English actor (d. 1978)[8]
  • 1909 – Alby Roberts, New Zealand cricketer and rugby player (d. 1978)
  • 1910Eero Saarinen, Finnish-American architect and furniture designer, designed the Gateway Arch (d. 1961)
  • 1912John H. Michaelis, American general (d. 1985)
  • 1913Roger Wolcott Sperry, American neuropsychologist and neurobiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1916Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian–German chess player and chemist (d. 1984)
  • 1917Terry Sanford, 65th Governor of North Carolina (d. 1998)[9]
  • 1918Jacqueline Susann, American actress and author (d. 1974)
  • 1919Walter Bernstein, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1919 – Adamantios Androutsopoulos, Greek lawyer, educator and politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2000)
  • 1921Keith Froome, Australian rugby league player (d. 1978)[10]
  • 1921 – Jack Wilson, Australian cricketer (d. 1985)
  • 1923Jim Reeves, American singer-songwriter (d. 1964)
  • 1924George Zuverink, American baseball player (d. 2014)
  • 1926Frank Rosolino, American jazz trombonist (d. 1978)
  • 1926Nobby Wirkowski, American-Canadian football player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1927John Boardman, English archaeologist and historian
  • 1927 – Yootha Joyce, English actress (d. 1980)
  • 1927 – Fred Kavli, Norwegian-American businessman and philanthropist, founded The Kavli Foundation (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Peter Oakley, English soldier and blogger (d. 2014)
  • 1929Kevin Heffernan, Irish footballer and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1930Mario Bernardi, Canadian pianist and conductor (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Peter Randall, English sergeant (d. 2007)
  • 1931Don King, American boxing promoter
  • 1932Anthony Ainley, English actor (d. 2004)[11]
  • 1932 – Vasily Aksyonov, Russian physician, author, and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1932 – Atholl McKinnon, South African cricketer (d. 1983)
  • 1933George J. Mitchell, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician
  • 1934Sneaky Pete Kleinow, American country-rock pedal-steel guitarist and songwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Tom Mangold, German-English journalist and author
  • 1935Ron Paul, American captain, physician, and politician
  • 1936Hideki Shirakawa, Japanese chemist, engineer, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937Stelvio Cipriani, Italian composer (d. 2018)
  • 1937 – Andrei Konchalovsky, Russian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1937 – Sky Saxon, American singer-songwriter and bassist (d. 2009)
  • 1938Peter Day, English chemist and academic (d. 2020)
  • 1938 – Alain Vivien, French politician
  • 1939Fernando Poe Jr., Filipino actor and politician (d. 2004)
  • 1939 – Mike Velarde, Filipino televangelist and religious leader
  • 1940Rubén Hinojosa, American businessman and politician
  • 1940 – Gus Macdonald, Scottish academic and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
  • 1940 – Rex Sellers, Indian-Australian cricketer
  • 1941Dave Brock, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – Rich Brooks, American football player and coach
  • 1941 – Anne Evans, English soprano and actress
  • 1941 – William H. Gray, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1941 – Slobodan Milošević, Serbian lawyer and politician, 1st President of Serbia (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Robin Oakley, English journalist and author
  • 1941 – Jo Ramírez, Mexican race car driver and manager
  • 1942Isaac Hayes, American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and actor (d. 2008)
  • 1942 – Fred Norman, American baseball player
  • 1943Roger Gale, English journalist and politician
  • 1943 – Sylvester McCoy, Scottish actor
  • 1944Rajiv Gandhi, Indian lawyer and politician, 6th Prime Minister of India (d. 1991)
  • 1944 – Graig Nettles, American baseball player and manager
  • 1944 – José Wilker, Brazilian actor and director (d. 2014)
  • 1945Roy Gardner, English businessman
  • 1946Mufaddal Saifuddin, 53rd Da'i al-Mutlaq of Fatimid Caliphate Script error: No such module "lang".
  • 1946 – Henryk Broder, Polish-German journalist and author
  • 1946 – Connie Chung, American journalist
  • 1946 – Laurent Fabius, French politician, 158th Prime Minister of France
  • 1946 – Ralf Hütter, German singer and keyboard player
  • 1946 – N. R. Narayana Murthy, Indian businessman, co-founded Infosys
  • 1947Alan Lee, English painter and illustrator
  • 1947 – Ray Wise, American actor
  • 1948John Noble, Australian actor and director
  • 1948 – Robert Plant, English singer-songwriter
  • 1949Nikolas Asimos, Greek singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1988)
  • 1949 – Phil Lynott, Irish singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (d. 1986)
  • 1951DeForest Soaries, American minister and politician, 30th Secretary of State of New Jersey
  • 1952John Emburey, English cricketer and coach
  • 1952 – Doug Fieger, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2010)
  • 1952 – John Hiatt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – Ric Menello, American director and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1953Gerry Bertier, American football player (d. 1981)
  • 1953 – Peter Horton, American actor and director
  • 1953 – Mike Jackson, American politician
  • 1953 – Jim Trenton, American radio host and actor
  • 1953 – Leroy Burgess, American singer, songwriter, keyboard player, recording artist, and record producer
  • 1954Quinn Buckner, American basketball player and coach
  • 1954 – Tawn Mastrey, American radio host and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1954 – Al Roker, American news anchor, television personality, and author
  • 1955Agnes Chan, Hong Kong singer and author
  • 1955 – Janet Royall, Baroness Royall of Blaisdon, English politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
  • 1956Joan Allen, American actress
  • 1956 – Alvin Greenidge, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1956 – Desmond Swayne, English soldier and politician, Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
  • 1957Finlay Calder, Scottish rugby player
  • 1957 – Jim Calder, Scottish rugby player
  • 1957 – Simon Donaldson, English mathematician and academic
  • 1957 – Sorin Antohi, Romanian journalist and historian
  • 1957 – Paul Johnson, American football coach
  • 1958Nigel Dodds, Northern Irish lawyer and politician
  • 1958 – Patricia Rozema, Canadian director and screenwriter
  • 1958 – David O. Russell, American director and screenwriter
  • 1958 – John Stehr, American journalist
  • 1960Dom Duff, Breton singer-songwriter, guitarist, composer
  • 1960 – Mark Langston, American baseball player
  • 1961Amanda Sonia Berry, English businesswoman
  • 1962Sophie Aldred, English actress
  • 1962 – James Marsters, American actor
  • 1963Uwe Bialon, German footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Kal Daniels, American baseball player
  • 1963 – José Cecena, Mexican baseball player
  • 1964Azarias Ruberwa, Congolese lawyer and politician, Vice-President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • 1965KRS-One, American rapper and producer
  • 1966Miguel Albaladejo, Spanish director and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Dimebag Darrell, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1966 – Enrico Letta, Italian lawyer and politician, 55th Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1966 – Liu Chunyan, Chinese host and voice actress
  • 1967Andy Benes, American baseball player
  • 1968Brett Angell, English footballer and coach
  • 1968 – Abdelatif Benazzi, Moroccan-French rugby player
  • 1968 – Klas Ingesson, Swedish footballer and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1968 – Yuri Shiratori, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1968 – Bai Yansong, Chinese host
  • 1969Billy Gardell, American comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1969 – Mark Holzemer, American baseball player and scout
  • 1970Els Callens, Belgian tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Fred Durst, American singer-songwriter
  • 1971Nenad Bjelica, Croatian footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Matt Calland, English rugby player and coach
  • 1971 – Steve Stone, English footballer and coach
  • 1971 – David Walliams, English comedian, actor, and author
  • 1971 – Jonathan Ke Quan, Vietnamese actor
  • 1972Derrick Alston, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Melvin Booker, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Chaney Kley, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1972 – Scott Quinnell, Welsh rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Anna Umemiya, Japanese model and actress
  • 1973Alban Bushi, Albanian footballer
  • 1973 – Alexandre Finazzi, Brazilian footballer
  • 1973 – Scott Goodman, Australian swimmer
  • 1973 – Todd Helton, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Cameron Mather, New Zealand rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1973 – José Paniagua, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973 – Donn Swaby, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1973 – Juan Becerra Acosta, Mexican journalist
  • 1974Amy Adams, American actress and singer
  • 1974 – Misha Collins, American actor
  • 1974 – Szabolcs Sáfár, Hungarian footballer and coach
  • 1974 – Andy Strachan, Australian drummer and songwriter
  • 1974 – Maxim Vengerov, Russian violinist and conductor
  • 1975Marcin Adamski, Polish footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Marko Martin, Estonian pianist and educator
  • 1975 – Shaun Newton, English footballer
  • 1975 – Elijah Williams, American football player and coach
  • 1976Chris Drury, American ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Cornel Frăsineanu, Romanian footballer
  • 1976 – Tony Grant, Irish footballer
  • 1976 – Kristen Miller, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Marcel Podszus, German footballer
  • 1976 – Fabio Ulloa, Honduran footballer
  • 1977Paolo Bianco, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Wayne Brown, English footballer
  • 1977 – Felipe Contepomi, Argentine rugby player, coach, and physician
  • 1977 – Manuel Contepomi, Argentine rugby player
  • 1977 – Shockmain Davis, American football player
  • 1977 – A. M. Esmonde, Welsh author, director, and producer
  • 1977 – Stéphane Gillet, Luxembourgian footballer
  • 1977 – Aaron Hamill, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1977 – Ívar Ingimarsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1977 – James Ormond, English cricketer
  • 1977 – Josh Pearce, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Aaron Taylor, American baseball player
  • 1978Alberto Martín, Spanish tennis player
  • 1978 – Emir Mkademi, Tunisian footballer
  • 1978 – Chris Schroder, American baseball player
  • 1979Sarah Borwell, English tennis player
  • 1979 – Jamie Cullum, English singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1979 – Cory Sullivan, American baseball player
  • 1981Ben Barnes, English actor
  • 1981 – Brett Finch, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1981 – Artur Kotenko, Estonian footballer
  • 1981 – Bernard Mendy, French footballer
  • 1981 – Craig Ochs, American football player
  • 1981 – Byron Saxton, American wrestler, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1982Cléber Luis Alberti, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Aleksandr Amisulashvili, Georgian footballer
  • 1982 – Monty Dumond, South African rugby player
  • 1982 – Youssouf Hersi, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1982 – Joshua Kennedy, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – Mijaín López, Cuban wrestler
  • 1982 – Richard Petiot, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Barney Rogers, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982 – Enyelbert Soto, Venezuelan-Japanese baseball player
  • 1983Hamza Abdullah, American football player
  • 1983 – Paulo André Cren Benini, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Andrew Garfield, American-English actor
  • 1983 – Héctor Landazuri, Colombian footballer
  • 1983 – Mladen Pelaić, Croatian footballer
  • 1983 – Brian Schaefering, American football player
  • 1983 – Yuri Zhirkov, Russian footballer
  • 1984Aílton José Almeida, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984 – Pavel Eismann, Czech footballer
  • 1984 – Laura Georges, French footballer
  • 1984 – Jamie Hoffmann, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Ingrid Lukas, Estonian-Swiss singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1985Brant Daugherty, American actor
  • 1985 – Glen Buttriss, Australian rugby league player
  • 1985 – Blake DeWitt, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Thomas Domingo, French rugby player
  • 1985 – Matt Hague, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Jack King, English footballer
  • 1985 – Álvaro Negredo, Spanish footballer
  • 1985 – Willie Ripia, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1985 – Joe Vitale, American ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Stephen Ward, Irish footballer
  • 1985 – Mark Washington, American football player
  • 1986Andrew Surman, South African-English footballer
  • 1986 – Steven Zalewski, American ice hockey player
  • 1987Stefan Aigner, German footballer
  • 1987 – Vedran Janjetović, Croatian-Australian footballer
  • 1987 – Sido Jombati, Portuguese footballer
  • 1987 – Egon Kaur, Estonian race car driver
  • 1988Jerryd Bayless, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Sarah R, Lotfi, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1988 – José Zamora, Spanish footballer
  • 1989Kirko Bangz, American rapper and producer
  • 1989 – Nebil Gahwagi, Hungarian footballer
  • 1989 – Silas Kiplagat, Kenyan runner
  • 1989 – Slavcho Shokolarov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1989 – Judd Trump, English snooker player
  • 1989 – Dean Winnard, English footballer
  • 1990Macauley Chrisantus, Nigerian footballer
  • 1990 – Culoe De Song, South African music producer and DJ
  • 1990 – Venelin Filipov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1990 – Leigh Griffiths, Scottish footballer
  • 1990 – Fabien Jarsalé, French footballer
  • 1990 – Bradley Klahn, American tennis player
  • 1990 – Ranomi Kromowidjojo, Dutch swimmer[12]
  • 1991Marko Djokovic, Serbian tennis player
  • 1991 – Jyrki Jokipakka, Finnish hockey player
  • 1992Matt Eisenhuth, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992 – Carolina Horta, Brazilian beach volleyball player[13]
  • 1992 – Demi Lovato, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1992 – Deniss Rakels, Latvian footballer
  • 1992 – Callum Skinner, Scottish track cyclist
  • 1996Bunty Afoa, New Zealand rugby league player[14]

Deaths

  • AD 14Agrippa Postumus, Roman son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (b. 12 BC)
  • 535Mochta, Irish missionary and saint
  • 651Oswine of Deira
  • 768Eadberht of Northumbria
  • 917Constantine Lips, Byzantine admiral
  • 984Pope John XIV
  • 1153Bernard of Clairvaux, French theologian and saint (b. 1090)
  • 1158Rögnvald Kali Kolsson (b. 1100), Earl of Orkney and Saint
  • 1297William Fraser, bishop and Guardian of Scotland
  • 1348Laurence Hastings, 1st Earl of Pembroke (b. 1319)
  • 1384Geert Groote, Dutch preacher, founded the Brethren of the Common Life (b. 1340)
  • 1386Bo Jonsson, royal marshal of Sweden
  • 1471Borso d'Este, Duke of Ferrara (b. 1413)
  • 1528Georg von Frundsberg, German knight and landowner (b. 1473)
  • 1572Miguel López de Legazpi, Spanish navigator and politician, 1st Governor-General of the Philippines (b. 1502)
  • 1580Jerónimo Osório, Portuguese historian and author (b. 1506)
  • 1611Tomás Luis de Victoria, Spanish priest and composer (b. 1548)
  • 1639Martin Opitz, German poet and hymnwriter (b. 1597)
  • 1648Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, English soldier and diplomat (b. 1583)
  • 1651Jeremi Wiśniowiecki, Polish nobleman (b. 1612)
  • 1672Cornelis de Witt, Dutch lawyer and politician (b. 1623)
  • 1672 – Johan de Witt, Dutch mathematician and politician (b. 1625)
  • 1680William Bedloe, English spy (b. 1650)
  • 1701Sir Charles Sedley, 5th Baronet, English playwright and politician, Speaker of the British House of Commons (b. 1639)
  • 1707Nicolas Gigault, French organist and composer (b. 1627)
  • 1773Enrique Flórez, Spanish historian and author (b. 1701)
  • 1785Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (b. 1714)
  • 1823Pope Pius VII (b. 1740)
  • 1825William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, English admiral and politician, Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1753)
  • 1835Agnes Bulmer, English merchant and poet (b. 1775)
  • 1854Shiranui Dakuemon, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 8th Yokozuna (b. 1801)
  • 1859Juan Bautista Ceballos, President of Mexico (1853) (b. 1811)[15]
  • 1882James Whyte, Scottish-Australian politician, 6th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1820)
  • 1887Jules Laforgue, French poet and author (b. 1860)
  • 1893Alexander Wassilko von Serecki, Austrian lawyer and politician (b. 1827)
  • 1897Charles Lilley, English-Australian politician, 4th Premier of Queensland (b. 1827)
  • 1912William Booth, English preacher, co-founded The Salvation Army (b. 1829)
  • 1914Pope Pius X (b. 1835)
  • 1915Paul Ehrlich, German physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1854)
  • 1917Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1835)
  • 1919Greg MacGregor, Scottish cricketer and rugby player (b. 1869)
  • 1930Charles Bannerman, Australian cricketer and umpire (b. 1851)
  • 1936Edward Weston, English-American chemist (b. 1850)
  • 1939Agnes Giberne, Indian-English astronomer and author (b. 1845)
  • 1942István Horthy, Hungarian admiral and pilot (b. 1904)
  • 1943William Irvine, Irish-Australian politician, 21st Premier of Victoria (b. 1858)
  • 1951İzzettin Çalışlar, Turkish general (b. 1882)
  • 1961Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1882)
  • 1963Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer (b. 1879)
  • 1965Jonathan Daniels, American seminarian and civil rights activist (b. 1939)
  • 1971Rashid Minhas, Pakistani lieutenant and pilot (b. 1951)
  • 1979Christian Dotremont, Belgian painter and poet (b. 1922)
  • 1980Joe Dassin, American-French singer-songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 1982Ulla Jacobsson, Swedish actress (b. 1929)
  • 1985Donald O. Hebb, Canadian psychologist and academic (b. 1904)
  • 1985 – Wilhelm Meendsen-Bohlken, German admiral (b. 1897)
  • 1986Milton Acorn, Canadian poet and playwright (b. 1923)
  • 1987Walenty Kłyszejko, Estonian–Polish basketball player and coach (b. 1909)
  • 1993Bernard Delfgaauw, Dutch philosopher and academic (b. 1912)
  • 1995Hugo Pratt, Italian author and illustrator (b. 1927)
  • 1996Rio Reiser, German singer-songwriter (b. 1950)
  • 1997Norris Bradbury, American soldier, physicist, and academic (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Léon Dion, Canadian political scientist and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2001Fred Hoyle, English astronomer and author (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Kim Stanley, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 2005Thomas Herrion, American football player (b. 1981)
  • 2005 – Krzysztof Raczkowski, Polish drummer and songwriter (b. 1970)
  • 2006Bryan Budd, Northern Ireland-born English soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1977)
  • 2006 – Joe Rosenthal, American photographer and journalist (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – S. Sivamaharajah, Sri Lankan Tamil newspaper publisher and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2007Leona Helmsley, American businesswoman (b. 1920)[16]
  • 2008Ed Freeman, American soldier and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1927)
  • 2008 – Hua Guofeng, Chinese politician, 2nd Premier of the People's Republic of China (b. 1921)
  • 2008 – Stephanie Tubbs Jones, American lawyer and politician (b. 1949)
  • 2008 – Gene Upshaw, American football player (b. 1945)
  • 2009Larry Knechtel, American keyboardist and bass player (b. 1940)
  • 2009 – Karla Kuskin, American author and illustrator (b. 1932)
  • 2010Đặng Phong, Vietnamese economist and historian (b. 1937)
  • 2011Ram Sharan Sharma, Indian historian and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2012Phyllis Diller, American actress and comedian (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Daryl Hine, Canadian-American poet and academic (b. 1936)
  • 2012 – Dom Mintoff, Maltese journalist and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Malta (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Len Quested, English footballer and manager (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Mika Yamamoto, Japanese journalist (b. 1967)
  • 2012 – Meles Zenawi, Ethiopian soldier and politician, Prime Minister of Ethiopia (b. 1955)
  • 2013Sathima Bea Benjamin, South African singer-songwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Narendra Dabholkar, Indian author and activist (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – Don Hassler, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Elmore Leonard, American novelist, short story writer, and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Marian McPartland, English-American pianist and composer (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – John W. Morris, American general (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Ted Post, American director and screenwriter (b. 1918)
  • 2014Anton Buslov, Russian astrophysicist and journalist (b. 1983)
  • 2014 – Lois Mai Chan, Taiwanese-American librarian, author, and academic (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Boris Dubin, Russian sociologist and academic (b. 1946)
  • 2014 – B. K. S. Iyengar, Indian yoga instructor and author, founded Iyengar Yoga (b. 1918)
  • 2014 – Buddy MacMaster, Canadian singer-songwriter and fiddler (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Sava Stojkov, Serbian painter and educator (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Edmund Szoka, American cardinal (b. 1927)
  • 2015Egon Bahr, German journalist and politician, Federal Minister for Special Affairs of Germany (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Paul Kibblewhite, New Zealand chemist and engineer (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Frank Wilkes, Australian soldier and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2017Jerry Lewis, American actor and comedian (b. 1926)
  • 2018Uri Avnery, Israeli writer, politician and peace activist[17] (b. 1923)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Amadour
    • Bernard of Clairvaux
    • Blessed Georg Häfner
    • Heliodorus of Bet Zabdai
    • Maria De Mattias
    • Oswine of Deira
    • Philibert of Jumièges
    • Samuel (prophet)
    • William and Catherine Booth
    • August 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Feast of Asmá’ (Bahá'í Faith, only if Bahá'í Naw-Rúz falls on March 21)
  • Indian Akshay Urja Day (India)
  • Restoration of Independence Day, re-declaration of the independence of Estonia from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Revolution of the King and People (Morocco)
  • Saint Stephen's Day (Hungary)
  • World Mosquito Day

References

  1. Of Me I Sing by Malcolm W. Bingay, 1949, page 224.
  2. The Department of State to the Embassy of the Soviet Union
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  10. Keith Froome at rugbyleagueproject.org
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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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