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2021

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Events

  • 338 BC – A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.
  • 216 BC – The Carthaginian army led by Hannibal defeats a numerically superior Roman army at the Battle of Cannae.
  • 461Majorian is arrested near Tortona (northern Italy) and deposed by the Suebian general Ricimer as puppet emperor.
  • 1274Edward I of England returns from the Ninth Crusade and is crowned King seventeen days later.
  • 1343 – After the execution of her husband, Jeanne de Clisson sells her estates and raises a force of men with which to attack French shipping and ports.
  • 1377 – Russian troops are defeated by forces of the Blue Horde Khan Arapsha in the Battle on Pyana River.
  • 1415Thomas Grey is executed for participating in the Southampton Plot.
  • 1610 – During Henry Hudson's search for the Northwest Passage, he sails into what is now known as Hudson Bay.
  • 1776 – The signing of the United States Declaration of Independence took place.
  • 1790 – The first United States Census is conducted.
  • 1798French Revolutionary Wars: The Battle of the Nile concludes in a British victory.
  • 1830Charles X of France abdicates the throne in favor of his grandson Henri.
  • 1858 – The Government of India Act 1858 replaces Company rule in India with that of the British Raj.
  • 1869 – Japan's Edo society class system is abolished as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms.
  • 1870Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London, England, United Kingdom.
  • 1873 – The Clay Street Hill Railroad begins operating the first cable car in San Francisco's famous cable car system.
  • 1897Anglo-Afghan War: The Siege of Malakand ends when a relief column is able to reach the British garrison in the Malakand states.
  • 1903 – The Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising against the Ottoman Empire begins.
  • 1914 – The German occupation of Luxembourg during World War I begins.
  • 1916World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
  • 1918 – The first general strike in Canadian history takes place in Vancouver.
  • 1922A typhoon hits Shantou, Republic of China, killing more than 50,000 people.
  • 1923 – Vice President Calvin Coolidge becomes U.S. President upon the death of President Warren G. Harding.
  • 1932 – The positron (antiparticle of the electron) is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
  • 1934Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany following the death of President Paul von Hindenburg.
  • 1937 – The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, the effect of which is to render marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
  • 1939Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard write a letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, urging him to begin the Manhattan Project to develop a nuclear weapon.
  • 1943The Holocaust: Jewish prisoners stage a revolt at Treblinka, one of the deadliest of Nazi death camps where approximately 900,000 persons were murdered in less than 18 months.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109 is rammed by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri and sinks. Lt. John F. Kennedy, future U.S. president, saves all but two of his crew.
  • 1944ASNOM: Birth of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, celebrated as Day of the Republic in North Macedonia.
  • 1944 – World War II: The largest trade convoy of the world wars arrives safely in the Western Approaches.
  • 1945 – World War II: End of the Potsdam Conference.
  • 1947 – A British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian airliner crashes into a mountain during a flight from Buenos Aires, Argentina to Santiago, Chile. The wreckage would not be found until 1998.
  • 1968 – An earthquake hits Casiguran, Aurora, Philippines killing more than 270 people and wounding 261.
  • 1973 – A flash fire kills 51 people at the Summerland amusement centre at Douglas, Isle of Man.
  • 1980 – A bomb explodes at the railway station in Bologna, Italy, killing 85 people and wounding more than 200.
  • 1985Delta Air Lines Flight 191, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, crashes at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport killing 137.
  • 1989Pakistan is re-admitted to the Commonwealth of Nations after having restored democracy for the first time since 1972.
  • 1989 – A massacre is carried out by an Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka killing 64 ethnic Tamil civilians.
  • 1990Iraq invades Kuwait, eventually leading to the Gulf War.
  • 1999 – The Gaisal train disaster claims 285 lives in Assam, India.
  • 2005Air France Flight 358 lands at Toronto Pearson International Airport and runs off the runway, causing the plane to burst into flames leaving 12 injuries and no fatalities.
  • 2014 – At least 146 people were killed and more than 114 injured in a factory explosion in Kunshan, Jiangsu, China.

Births

  • 1260Kyawswa of Pagan, last ruler of the Pagan Kingdom (d. 1299)
  • 1455John Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1499)
  • 1533Theodor Zwinger, Swiss physician and scholar (d. 1588)
  • 1549Mikołaj Krzysztof "the Orphan" Radziwiłł, Polish nobleman (d. 1616)
  • 1612Saskia van Uylenburgh, Dutch model and wife of Rembrandt van Rijn (d. 1642)
  • 1627Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Dutch painter (d. 1678)
  • 1630Estephan El Douaihy, Maronite patriarch (d. 1704)
  • 1646Jean-Baptiste du Casse, French admiral and buccaneer (d. 1715)
  • 1672Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss paleontologist and scholar (d. 1733)
  • 1674Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (d. 1723)
  • 1696Mahmud I, Ottoman sultan (d. 1754)
  • 1702Dietrich of Anhalt-Dessau (d. 1769)
  • 1703Lorenzo Ricci, Italian religious leader, 18th Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1775)
  • 1740Jean Baptiste Camille Canclaux, French general (d. 1817)
  • 1754Pierre Charles L'Enfant, French-American architect and engineer, designed Washington, D.C. (d. 1825)
  • 1788Leopold Gmelin, German chemist and academic (d. 1853)
  • 1815Adolf Friedrich von Schack, German poet and historian (d. 1894)
  • 1820John Tyndall, Irish-English physicist and mountaineer (d. 1893)
  • 1828Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general (d. 1895)
  • 1834Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor, designed the Statue of Liberty (d. 1904)
  • 1835Elisha Gray, American businessman, co-founded Western Electric (d. 1901)
  • 1861Prafulla Chandra Ray, Indian chemist and academic (d. 1944)
  • 1865Irving Babbitt, American academic and critic (d. 1933)
  • 1865 – John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist (d. 1955)
  • 1867Ernest Dowson, English poet, novelist, and short story writer (d. 1900)
  • 1868Constantine I of Greece (d. 1923)
  • 1870Marianne Weber, German sociologist and suffragist (d. 1954)[1]
  • 1871John French Sloan, American painter and illustrator (d. 1951)
  • 1872George E. Stewart, Australian-American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1946)
  • 1876Pingali Venkayya, Indian geologist, designed the Flag of India (d. 1963)
  • 1877Ravishankar Shukla, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh (d. 1956)
  • 1878Aino Kallas, Finnish-Estonian author (d. 1956)
  • 1880Arthur Dove, American painter and educator (d. 1946)
  • 1882Red Ames, American baseball player and manager (d. 1936)
  • 1882 – Albert Bloch, American painter and academic (d. 1961)
  • 1884Rómulo Gallegos, Venezuelan author and politician, 46th President of Venezuela (d. 1969)
  • 1886John Alexander Douglas McCurdy, Canadian pilot and politician, 20th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (d. 1961)
  • 1887Oskar Anderson, Bulgarian-German mathematician and statistician (d. 1960)
  • 1889Margaret Lawrence, American stage actress (d. 1929)
  • 1891Arthur Bliss, English composer and conductor (d. 1975)
  • 1891 – Viktor Zhirmunsky, Russian linguist and historian (d. 1971)
  • 1892Jack L. Warner, Canadian-born American production manager and producer, co-founded Warner Bros. (d. 1978)
  • 1894Bertha Lutz, Brazilian feminist and scientist (d.1976)
  • 1895Matt Henderson, New Zealand cricketer (d. 1970)
  • 1897Karl-Otto Koch, German SS officer (d. 1945)
  • 1897 – Max Weber, Swiss lawyer and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1898Ernő Nagy, Hungarian fencer (d. 1977)
  • 1899Charles Bennett, English director and screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1900Holling C. Holling, American author and illustrator (d. 1973)
  • 1900 – Helen Morgan, American actress and singer (d. 1941)
  • 1902Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria (d. 1971)
  • 1902 – Mina Rees, American mathematician (d.1997)[2]
  • 1905Karl Amadeus Hartmann, German composer (d. 1963)
  • 1905 – Myrna Loy, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1907Mary Hamman, American journalist and author (d. 1984)
  • 1910Roger MacDougall, Scottish director, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1993)
  • 1911Ann Dvorak, American actress (d. 1979)
  • 1912Palle Huld, Danish actor (d. 2010)
  • 1912 – Håkon Stenstadvold, Norwegian painter, illustrator, and critic (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Vladimir Žerjavić, Croatian economist and author (d. 2001)
  • 1913Xavier Thaninayagam, Sri Lankan scholar and academic (d. 1980)
  • 1914Félix Leclerc, Canadian singer-songwriter, actor, and poet (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – Big Walter Price, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2012)
  • 1914 – Beatrice Straight, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1915Gary Merrill, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1916Alfonso A. Ossorio, Filipino-American painter and sculptor (d. 1990)
  • 1917Wah Chang, Chinese-American artist and designer (d. 2003)[3]
  • 1919Nehemiah Persoff, Israeli-American actor
  • 1920Louis Pauwels, French journalist and author (d. 1997)
  • 1920 – Augustus Rowe, Canadian physician and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1921Alan Whicker, Egyptian-English journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1922Betsy Bloomingdale, American philanthropist and socialite (d. 2016)
  • 1922 – Geoffrey Dutton, Australian historian and author (d. 1998)
  • 1923Shimon Peres, Polish-Israeli lawyer and politician, 9th President of Israel (d. 2016)[4]
  • 1923 – Ike Williams, American boxer (d. 1994)
  • 1924James Baldwin, American novelist, poet, and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Joe Harnell, American pianist and composer (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Carroll O'Connor, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1925K. Arulanandan, Ceylon-American engineer and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – John Dexter, English director and producer (d. 1990)
  • 1925 – John McCormack, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2017)
  • 1925 – Jorge Rafael Videla, Argentinian general and politician, 43rd President of Argentina (d. 2013)
  • 1927Peter Swinnerton-Dyer, English mathematician and academic (d. 2018)
  • 1928Malcolm Hilton, English cricketer (d. 1990)
  • 1929Roy Crimmins, English trombonist and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – John Gale, English director and producer
  • 1929 – Vidya Charan Shukla, Indian politician, Indian Minister of External Affairs (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – David Waddington, Baron Waddington, English lawyer and politician, Governor of Bermuda (d. 2017)
  • 1930Vali Myers, Australian painter and dancer (d. 2003)
  • 1931Pierre DuMaine, American bishop and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1931 – Eddie Fuller, South African cricketer (d. 2008)
  • 1931 – Karl Miller, English journalist and critic (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Viliam Schrojf, Czech footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1932Lamar Hunt, American businessman, co-founded the American Football League and World Championship Tennis (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Peter O'Toole, British-Irish actor and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1933Ioannis Varvitsiotis, Greek politician, Greek Minister of Defence
  • 1934Valery Bykovsky, Russian general and astronaut (d. 2019)
  • 1935Hank Cochran, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2010)
  • 1936Anthony Payne, English composer and author
  • 1937Ron Brierley, New Zealand businessman
  • 1937 – Billy Cannon, American football player and dentist (d. 2018)
  • 1937 – María Duval, Mexican actress and singer[5]
  • 1937 – Garth Hudson, Canadian keyboard player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1938Dave Balon, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Pierre de Bané, Israeli-Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2019)[6]
  • 1938 – Terry Peck, Falkland Islander soldier (d. 2006)
  • 1939Benjamin Barber, American theorist, author, and academic (d. 2017)
  • 1939 – Wes Craven, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1939 – John W. Snow, American businessman and politician, 73rd United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1940Angel Lagdameo, Filipino archbishop
  • 1940 – Beko Ransome-Kuti, Nigerian physician and activist (d. 2006)
  • 1940 – Will Tura, Belgian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941Doris Coley, American singer (d. 2000)
  • 1941 – Jules A. Hoffmann, Luxembourgian-French biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1941 – François Weyergans, Belgian director and screenwriter
  • 1942Isabel Allende, Chilean-American novelist, essayist, essayist
  • 1942 – Leo Beenhakker, Dutch football manager
  • 1942 – Juan Formell, Cuban singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Nell Irvin Painter, American author and historian
  • 1943Herbert M. Allison, American lieutenant and businessman (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – Tom Burgmeier, American baseball player and coach
  • 1943 – Jon R. Cavaiani, English-American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Rose Tremain, English novelist and short story writer
  • 1944Jim Capaldi, English drummer and singer-songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1944 – Naná Vasconcelos, Brazilian singer and berimbau player (d. 2016)
  • 1945Joanna Cassidy, American actress
  • 1945 – Alex Jesaulenko, Austrian-Australian footballer and coach
  • 1945 – Bunker Roy, Indian educator and activist
  • 1945 – Eric Simms, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1946James Howe, American journalist and author
  • 1947Ruth Bakke, Norwegian organist and composer
  • 1947 – Lawrence Wright, American journalist, author, and screenwriter
  • 1948Andy Fairweather Low, Welsh singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1948 – Dennis Prager, American radio host and author
  • 1948 – James Street, American football and baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1948 – Snoo Wilson, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1949James Fallows, American journalist and author
  • 1949 – Bertalan Farkas, Hungarian general and astronaut
  • 1950Jussi Adler-Olsen, Danish author and publisher
  • 1950 – Ted Turner, British guitarist
  • 1951Andrew Gold, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1951 – Steve Hillage, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Joe Lynn Turner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Per Westerberg, Swedish businessman and politician, Speaker of the Parliament of Sweden
  • 1952Alain Giresse, French footballer and manager[7]
  • 1953Donnie Munro, Scottish singer and guitarist
  • 1953 – Butch Patrick, American actor[8]
  • 1953 – Anthony Seldon, English historian and author
  • 1954Sammy McIlroy, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  • 1955Caleb Carr, American historian and author
  • 1955 – Tony Godden, English footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Butch Vig, American drummer, songwriter, and record producer
  • 1956Fulvio Melia, Italian-American physicist, astrophysicist, and author
  • 1957Jacky Rosen, United States senator [9]
  • 1959Victoria Jackson, American actress and singer
  • 1959 – Johnny Kemp, Bahamian singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1959 – Apollonia Kotero, American singer and actress
  • 1960Linda Fratianne, American figure skater
  • 1960 – Neal Morse, American singer and keyboard player
  • 1960 – David Yow, American singer-songwriter
  • 1961Pete de Freitas, Trinidadian-British drummer and producer (d. 1989)
  • 1962Lee Mavers, English singer, songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963Laura Bennett, American architect and fashion designer
  • 1963 – Uğur Tütüneker, Turkish footballer and manager
  • 1964Frank Biela, German race car driver
  • 1964 – Mary-Louise Parker, American actress
  • 1965Joe Hockey, Australian lawyer and politician, 38th Treasurer of Australia
  • 1965 – Hisanobu Watanabe, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • 1966Takashi Iizuka, Japanese wrestler
  • 1966 – Grainne Leahy, Irish cricketer
  • 1966 – Tim Wakefield, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1967Aaron Krickstein, American tennis player
  • 1967 – Aline Brosh McKenna, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1968Stefan Effenberg, German footballer and sportscaster
  • 1969Cedric Ceballos, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Fernando Couto, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1970Tony Amonte, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1970 – Kevin Smith, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter[10]
  • 1970 – Philo Wallace, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1971Jason Bell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1971 – Michael Hughes, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1972Mohamed Al-Deayea, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • 1973Danie Keulder, Namibian cricketer
  • 1973 – Miguel Mendonca, Zimbabwean journalist and author
  • 1973 – Susie O'Neill, Australian swimmer
  • 1974Phil Williams, English journalist and radio host
  • 1975Mineiro, Brazilian footballer
  • 1975 – Xu Huaiwen, Chinese-German badminton player and coach
  • 1975 – Tamás Molnár, Hungarian water polo player
  • 1976Reyes Estévez, Spanish runner
  • 1976 – Jay Heaps, American soccer player and coach
  • 1976 – Michael Weiss, American figure skater
  • 1976 – Sam Worthington, English-Australian actor and producer[11]
  • 1976 – Mohammad Zahid, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1977Edward Furlong, American actor[11]
  • 1978Goran Gavrančić, Serbian footballer
  • 1978 – Matt Guerrier, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Deividas Šemberas, Lithuanian footballer
  • 1978 – Dragan Vukmir, Serbian footballer
  • 1979Marco Bonura, Italian footballer
  • 1979 – Reuben Kosgei, Kenyan runner
  • 1980Ivica Banović, Croatian footballer
  • 1981Alexander Emelianenko, Russian mixed martial artist and boxer
  • 1981 – Tim Murtagh, Irish-English cricketer
  • 1982Hélder Postiga, Portuguese footballer
  • 1982 – Kerry Rhodes, American football player
  • 1982 – Grady Sizemore, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Cynthia Stevenson, American actress[11]
  • 1983Michel Bastos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984Giampaolo Pazzini, Italian footballer
  • 1985Stephen Ferris, Irish rugby player
  • 1985 – David Hart Smith, Canadian wrestler
  • 1985 – Britt Nicole, American Christian pop artist
  • 1986Mathieu Razanakolona, Canadian skier
  • 1988Rob Kwiet, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989Nacer Chadli, Belgian footballer
  • 1990Ima Bohush, Belarusian tennis player
  • 1994Laura Pigossi, Brazilian tennis player
  • 1994 – Laremy Tunsil, American football player
  • 1995Kristaps Porziņģis, Latvian basketball player
  • 1996Keston Hiura, American baseball player[12]
  • 1996 – Simone Manuel, American swimmer[13]
  • 1999Mark Lee, Korean-Canadian singer[14]

Deaths

  • 216 BCGnaeus Servilius Geminus, Roman consul
  • 216 BC – Lucius Aemilius Paullus, Roman consul and general
  • 216 BC – Marcus Minucius Rufus, Roman consul
  • 257Pope Stephen I
  • 640Pope Severinus
  • 686Pope John V (b. 635)
  • 855Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Arab theologian and jurist (b. 780)
  • 924Ælfweard of Wessex (b. 904)
  • 1075 – Patriarch John VIII of Constantinople
  • 1100William II of England (b. 1056)[15]
  • 1222Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse (b. 1156)
  • 1277Mu'in al-Din Sulaiman Pervane, Chancellor and Regent of the Sultanate of Rum
  • 1316Louis of Burgundy (b. 1297)
  • 1330Yolande of Dreux, Queen consort of Scotland and Duchess consort of Brittany (b. 1263)[16]
  • 1332 – King Christopher II of Denmark (b. 1276)
  • 1415Thomas Grey, English conspirator (b. 1384)
  • 1445Oswald von Wolkenstein, Austrian poet and composer (b. 1376)
  • 1451Elizabeth of Görlitz (b. 1390)
  • 1511Andrew Barton, Scottish admiral (b. 1466)
  • 1512Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician and philosopher (b. 1463)
  • 1589Henry III of France (b. 1551)
  • 1605Richard Leveson, English admiral (b. c. 1570)
  • 1611Katō Kiyomasa, Japanese daimyō (b. 1562)
  • 1667Francesco Borromini, Swiss architect, designed San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane and Sant'Agnese in Agone (b. 1599)
  • 1696Robert Campbell of Glenlyon (b. 1630)
  • 1769Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, English politician, Lord President of the Council (b. 1689)
  • 1788Thomas Gainsborough, English painter (b. 1727)
  • 1799Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, French inventor, co-invented the hot air balloon (b. 1745)
  • 1815Guillaume Brune, French general and politician (b. 1763)
  • 1823Lazare Carnot, French mathematician, general, and politician, President of the National Convention (b. 1753)
  • 1834Harriet Arbuthnot, English diarist (b. 1793)
  • 1849Muhammad Ali of Egypt, Ottoman Albanian commander (b. 1769)
  • 1854Heinrich Clauren, German author (b. 1771)
  • 1859Horace Mann, American educator and politician (b. 1796)
  • 1876"Wild Bill" Hickok, American sheriff (b. 1837)
  • 1889Eduardo Gutiérrez, Argentinian author (b. 1851)
  • 1890Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet and author (b. 1813)
  • 1903Eduard Magnus Jakobson, Estonian missionary and engraver (b. 1847)
  • 1903 – Edmond Nocard, French veterinarian and microbiologist (b. 1850)
  • 1913Ferenc Pfaff, Hungarian architect and academic, designed Zagreb Central Station (b. 1851)
  • 1915John Downer, Australian politician, 16th Premier of South Australia (b. 1843)
  • 1917Jaan Mahlapuu, Estonian military pilot (b. 1894)
  • 1921Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor and actor (b. 1873)
  • 1922Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-Canadian engineer, invented the telephone (b. 1847)
  • 1923Warren G. Harding, American journalist and politician, 29th President of the United States (b. 1865)
  • 1934Paul von Hindenburg, German field marshal and politician, 2nd President of Germany (b. 1847)
  • 1937Artur Sirk, Estonian soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1900)
  • 1939Harvey Spencer Lewis, American mystic and author (b. 1883)
  • 1945Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer and educator (b. 1863)
  • 1955Alfred Lépine, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1901)
  • 1955 – Wallace Stevens, American poet and educator (b. 1879)
  • 1963Oliver La Farge, American anthropologist and author (b. 1901)
  • 1967Walter Terence Stace, English-American epistemologist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1886)
  • 1970Angus MacFarlane-Grieve, English academic, mathematician, rower, and soldier (b. 1891)
  • 1972Brian Cole, American bass player (b. 1942)
  • 1972 – Paul Goodman, American psychotherapist and author (b. 1911)
  • 1972 – Helen Hoyt, American poet and author (b. 1887)
  • 1973Jean-Pierre Melville, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 1974Douglas Hawkes, English race car driver and businessman (b. 1893)
  • 1976László Kalmár, Hungarian mathematician and academic (b. 1905)
  • 1976 – Fritz Lang, Austrian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1890)
  • 1978Carlos Chávez, Mexican composer and conductor (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Antony Noghès, French businessman, founded the Monaco Grand Prix (b. 1890)
  • 1979Thurman Munson, American baseball player (b. 1947)[17]
  • 1981Stefanie Clausen, Danish diver (b. 1900)
  • 1983James Jamerson, American bass player[18] (b. 1936)
  • 1986Roy Cohn, American lawyer and politician (b. 1927)
  • 1988Joe Carcione, American activist and author (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Raymond Carver, American short story writer and poet (b. 1938)
  • 1990Norman Maclean, American short story writer and essayist (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – Edwin Richfield, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 1992Michel Berger, French singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1947)
  • 1996Michel Debré, French lawyer and politician, 150th Prime Minister of France (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Obdulio Varela, Uruguayan footballer and manager (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – Mohamed Farrah Aidid, Somalian general and politician, 5th President of Somalia (b. 1934)[19]
  • 1997William S. Burroughs, American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Fela Kuti, Nigerian singer-songwriter and activist (b. 1938)
  • 1998Shari Lewis, American television host and puppeteer (b. 1933)
  • 1999Willie Morris, American writer (b. 1934)
  • 2003Peter Safar, Austrian-American physician and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2004Ferenc Berényi, Hungarian painter and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – François Craenhals, Belgian illustrator (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – Heinrich Mark, Estonian lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Estonia in exile (b. 1911)
  • 2005Steven Vincent, American journalist and author (b. 1955)
  • 2007Chauncey Bailey, American journalist (b. 1950)
  • 2008Fujio Akatsuka, Japanese illustrator (b. 1935)
  • 2011José Sanchis Grau, Spanish author and illustrator (b. 1932)
  • 2012Gabriel Horn, English biologist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Magnus Isacsson, Canadian director and producer (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Jimmy Jones, American singer-songwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – John Keegan, English historian and journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Bernd Meier, German footballer (b. 1972)
  • 2012 – Marguerite Piazza, American soprano (b. 1920)
  • 2013Julius L. Chambers, American lawyer and activist (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Richard E. Dauch, American businessman, co-founded American Axle (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Alla Kushnir, Russian–Israeli chess player (b. 1941)
  • 2014Ed Joyce, American journalist (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Billie Letts, American author and educator (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Barbara Prammer, Austrian social worker and politician (b. 1954)
  • 2014 – James Thompson, American-Finnish author (b. 1964)
  • 2015Forrest Bird, American pilot and engineer (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Giovanni Conso, Italian jurist and politician, Italian Minister of Justice (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Piet Fransen, Dutch footballer (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Jack Spring, American baseball player (b. 1933)
  • 2016Terence Bayler, New Zealand actor (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – David Huddleston, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – Franciszek Macharski, Polish cardinal (b. 1927)
  • 2016 – Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1946)
  • 2017Judith Jones, American literary and cookbook editor (b. 1924)[20]
  • 2020Zhaksylyk Ushkempirov, Kazakh Greco-Roman light-flyweight wrestler (b. 1951)[21]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Basil Fool for Christ (Russian Orthodox Church)
    • Blessed Justin Russolillo
    • Eusebius of Vercelli
    • Peter Faber
    • Peter Julian Eymard
    • Pope Stephen I
    • Our Lady of the Angels of the Porziuncola (Franciscan Order)
    • "Perdono di Assisi" (Pardon of Assisi), the plenary indulgence related to St.Francis of Assisi originated in the church of Porziuncola (Catholic Church) [22]
    • Samuel David Ferguson (Episcopal Church)
    • August 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Day of Azerbaijani cinema (Azerbaijan)
  • Our Lady of the Angels Day (Costa Rica)
  • Paratroopers Day (Russia)
  • Republic Day (North Macedonia)
  • Romani genocide-related observances, including:
    • Roma Holocaust Memorial Day (Council of Europe, European Parliament)
    • Genocide Remembrance Day of the Roma and Sinti (Poland)
    • International Remembrance Day of the Holocaust of the Roma (Ukraine)

References

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  22. http://www.shrinesf.org/pardon-of-assisi.html

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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