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[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".August 12 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 141 days remain until the end of the year.

It is the peak of the Perseid meteor shower. It is also known as the "Glorious Twelfth" in the United Kingdom, as it marks the traditional start of the grouse shooting season.

Events

  • 1099First Crusade: Battle of Ascalon Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon defeat Fatimid forces led by Al-Afdal Shahanshah. This is considered the last engagement of the First Crusade.[1]
  • 1121Battle of Didgori: The Georgian army under King David IV wins a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi.
  • 1164Battle of Harim: Nur ad-Din Zangi defeats the Crusader armies of the County of Tripoli and the Principality of Antioch.[2]
  • 1323 – The Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and Novgorod Republic is signed, regulating the border between the two countries for the first time.[3]
  • 1492Christopher Columbus arrives in the Canary Islands on his first voyage to the New World.
  • 1499 – First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets.
  • 1624Charles de La Vieuville is arrested and replaced by Cardinal Richelieu as the French king's chief advisor.
  • 1676Praying Indian John Alderman shoots and kills Metacomet, the Wampanoag war chief, ending King Philip's War.
  • 1687Battle of Mohács: Charles of Lorraine defeats the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1765Treaty of Allahabad is signed. The Treaty marks the political and constitutional involvement and the beginning of Company rule in India.
  • 1793 – The Rhône and Loire départments are created when the former département of Rhône-et-Loire is split into two.
  • 1806Santiago de Liniers, 1st Count of Buenos Aires re-takes the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina after the first British invasion.
  • 1831 – French intervention forces William I of the Netherlands to abandon his attempt to suppress the Belgian Revolution.
  • 1851Isaac Singer is granted a patent for his sewing machine.[4]
  • 1865Joseph Lister, British surgeon and scientist, performs 1st antiseptic surgery.
  • 1883 – The last quagga dies at the Natura Artis Magistra, a zoo in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • 1898 – The Hawaiian flag is lowered from ʻIolani Palace in an elaborate annexation ceremony and replaced with the flag of the United States to signify the transfer of sovereignty from the Republic of Hawaii to the United States.
  • 1914World War I: The United Kingdom declares war on Austria-Hungary; the countries of the British Empire follow suit.
  • 1914 – World War I: The Battle of Halen a.k.a. Battle of the Silver Helmets a clash between large Belgian and German cavalry formations at Halen, Belgium.
  • 1944Waffen-SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema.
  • 1944 – Nazi German troops end the week-long Wola massacre, during which time at least 40,000 people are killed indiscriminately or in mass executions.
  • 1944 – Alençon is liberated by General Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, the first city in France to be liberated from the Nazis by French forces.
  • 1948Babrra massacre: About 600 unarmed members of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement are shot dead on the orders of the Chief Minister of the North-West Frontier Province, Abdul Qayyum Khan Kashmiri, on Babrra ground in the Hashtnagar region of Charsadda District, North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Pakistan.
  • 1950Korean War: Bloody Gulch massacre: 75 American POWs are massacred by North Korean Army.
  • 1952 – The Night of the Murdered Poets: Thirteen prominent Jewish intellectuals are murdered in Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union.
  • 1953 – A "layered" version of a thermonuclear weapon is tested by the Soviet Union. It is labeled Joe 4 by the Western powers.
  • 1953 – The 7.2 Template:M Ionian earthquake shakes the southern Ionian Islands with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme). Between 445 and 800 people are killed.
  • 1960Echo 1A, NASA's first successful communications satellite, is launched.[5]
  • 1964South Africa is banned from the Olympic Games due to the country's racist policies.
  • 1969 – Violence erupts after the Apprentice Boys of Derry march in Derry, Northern Ireland, resulting in a three-day communal riot known as the Battle of the Bogside.
  • 1976 – Between 1,000 and 3,500 Palestinians are killed in the Tel al-Zaatar massacre, one of the bloodiest events of the Lebanese Civil War.
  • 1977 – The first free flight of the Template:Ship.
  • 1977 – The Sri Lanka Riots: Targeting the minority Sri Lankan Tamils, begin, less than a month after the United National Party came to power. Over 300 Tamils are killed.
  • 1981 – The IBM Personal Computer is released.
  • 1985Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes into Osutaka ridge in Gunma Prefecture, Japan, killing 520, to become the worst single-plane air disaster.
  • 1990Sue, the largest and most complete Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton found to date, is discovered by Sue Hendrickson in South Dakota.
  • 1992 – Canada, Mexico and the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
  • 1994Major League Baseball players go on strike, forcing the cancellation of the 1994 World Series.
  • 2000 – The Russian Navy submarine Template:Ship explodes and sinks in the Barents Sea during a military exercise, killing her entire 118-man crew.
  • 2015 – At least two massive explosions kill 173 people and injure nearly 800 more in Tianjin, China.
  • 2018 – Thirty-nine civilians, including a dozen children, are killed in an explosion at a weapons depot in a rebel-held town in northwest Syria.[6]

Births

  • 1452Abraham Zacuto, Jewish astronomer, astrologer, mathematician, rabbi and historian (d. 1515)
  • 1503Christian III of Denmark (d. 1559)
  • 1506Franciscus Sonnius, Dutch counter-Reformation theologian (d. 1576)
  • 1591Louise de Marillac, co-founder of the Daughters of Charity (d. 1660)
  • 1599 – Sir William Curtius FRS, German magistrate, English baronet (d. 1678)
  • 1604Tokugawa Iemitsu, Japanese shōgun (d. 1651)
  • 1626Giovanni Legrenzi, Italian composer (d. 1690)
  • 1629Archduchess Isabella Clara of Austria, Austrian archduchess (d. 1685)
  • 1644Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber, Bohemian-Austrian violinist and composer (d. 1704)
  • 1686John Balguy, English philosopher and author (d. 1748)
  • 1696Maurice Greene, English organist and composer (d. 1755)
  • 1762George IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1830)
  • 1773Karl Faber, Prussian historian and academic (d. 1853)
  • 1774Robert Southey, English poet and author (d. 1843)
  • 1831Helena Blavatsky, Russian theosophist and scholar (d. 1891)
  • 1852Michael J. McGivney, American priest and founder of the Knights of Columbus (d. 1890)
  • 1856Diamond Jim Brady, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1917)
  • 1857Ernestine von Kirchsberg, Austrian painter and educator (d. 1924)
  • 1859Katharine Lee Bates, American poet and author (d. 1929)
  • 1860Klara Hitler, Austrian mother of Adolf Hitler (d. 1907)
  • 1866Jacinto Benavente, Spanish playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954)
  • 1866 – Henrik Sillem, Dutch target shooter, mountaineer, and jurist (d. 1907)
  • 1867Edith Hamilton, German-American author and educator (d. 1963)
  • 1870Henry Reuterdahl, Swedish-American artist (d. 1925)
  • 1871Gustavs Zemgals, Latvian politician, 2nd President of Latvia (d. 1939)
  • 1876Mary Roberts Rinehart, American author and playwright (d. 1958)
  • 1877Albert Bartha, Hungarian general and politician, Hungarian Minister of Defence (d. 1960)
  • 1880Radclyffe Hall, English poet, author, and activist (d. 1943)
  • 1880 – Christy Mathewson, American baseball player and manager (d. 1925)
  • 1881Cecil B. DeMille, American director and producer (d. 1959)
  • 1883Martha Hedman, Swedish-American actress and playwright (d. 1974)
  • 1883 – Marion Lorne, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1885Jean Cabannes, French physicist and academic (d. 1959)
  • 1885 – Keith Murdoch, Australian journalist (d. 1952)
  • 1885 – Juhan Simm, Estonian composer and conductor (d. 1959)
  • 1887Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1889Zerna Sharp, American author and educator (d. 1981)
  • 1891C. E. M. Joad, English philosopher and academic (d. 1953)
  • 1891 – John McDermott, American golfer (d. 1971)
  • 1892Alfred Lunt, American actor and director (d. 1977)
  • 1897Maurice Fernandes, Guyanese cricketer (d. 1981)
  • 1899Ben Sealey, Trinidadian cricketer (d. 1963)
  • 1902Mohammad Hatta, Indonesian politician, 1st Vice President of Indonesia (d. 1980)
  • 1904Idel Jakobson, Latvian-Estonian NKVD officer (d. 1997)
  • 1904 – Tamás Lossonczy, Hungarian painter (d. 2009)
  • 1904 – Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1906Harry Hopman, Australian tennis player and coach (d. 1985)
  • 1906 – Tedd Pierce, American animator, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1972)
  • 1907Gladys Bentley, American blues singer (d. 1960)
  • 1907 – Joe Besser, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1907 – Boy Charlton, Australian swimmer (d. 1975)
  • 1907 – Benjamin Sheares, Singaporean physician and politician, 2nd President of Singapore (d. 1981)
  • 1909Bruce Matthews, Canadian general and businessman (d. 1991)
  • 1910Yusof bin Ishak, Singaporean journalist and politician, 1st President of Singapore (d. 1970)
  • 1910 – Jane Wyatt, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1911Cantinflas, Mexican actor, screenwriter, and producer (d. 1993)
  • 1912Samuel Fuller, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1913Richard L. Bare, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1914Gerd Buchdahl, German-English philosopher and author (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Ruth Lowe, Canadian pianist and songwriter (d. 1981)
  • 1915Michael Kidd, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2007)
  • 1916Ioan Dicezare, Romanian general and pilot (d. 2012)
  • 1916 – Edward Pinkowski, American writer, journalist and Polonia historian (d. 2020)
  • 1917Oliver Crawford, American screenwriter and author (d. 2008)
  • 1918Sid Bernstein, American record producer (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Guy Gibson, Anglo-Indian commander and pilot, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1944)
  • 1919Margaret Burbidge, English-American astrophysicist and academic (d. 2020)
  • 1919 – Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist and academic (d. 1971)
  • 1920Charles Gibson, American ethnohistorian (d. 1985)
  • 1920 – Percy Mayfield, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 1984)[7]
  • 1922Fulton Mackay, Scottish actor and playwright (d. 1987)
  • 1922 – Miloš Jakeš, Czech communist politician (d. 2020)
  • 1923John Holt, Jamaican cricketer (d. 1997)
  • 1924Derek Shackleton, English cricketer, coach, and umpire (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, Pakistani general and politician, 6th President of Pakistan (d. 1988)
  • 1925Dale Bumpers, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 38th Governor of Arkansas (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Guillermo Cano Isaza, Colombian journalist (d. 1986)
  • 1925 – Donald Justice, American poet and writing teacher (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Norris McWhirter, Scottish publisher and activist co-founded the Guinness World Records (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Ross McWhirter, Scottish publisher and activist, co-founded the Guinness World Records (d. 1975)
  • 1925 – George Wetherill, American physicist and academic (d. 2006)
  • 1926Douglas Croft, American child actor (d. 1963)[8]
  • 1926 – John Derek, American actor, director, and cinematographer (d. 1998)
  • 1926 – Joe Jones, American R&B singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1927Porter Wagoner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2007)
  • 1928Charles Blackman, Australian painter and illustrator (d. 2018)
  • 1928 – Bob Buhl, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Dan Curtis, American director and producer (d. 2006)
  • 1929Buck Owens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1930George Soros, Hungarian-American businessman and investor, founded the Soros Fund Management
  • 1930 – Kanagaratnam Sriskandan, Sri Lankan engineer and civil servant (d. 2010)
  • 1930 – Jacques Tits, Belgian-French mathematician and academic
  • 1931William Goldman, American author, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 2018)
  • 1932Dallin H. Oaks, American lawyer, jurist, and religious leader
  • 1932 – Charlie O'Donnell, American radio and television announcer (d. 2010)
  • 1932 – Sirikit, Queen mother of Thailand
  • 1933Parnelli Jones, American race car driver and businessman
  • 1933 – Frederic Lindsay, Scottish author and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1934Robin Nicholson, English metallurgist and academic
  • 1935John Cazale, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1936Kjell Grede, Swedish director and screenwriter (d. 2017)
  • 1937Walter Dean Myers, American author and poet (d. 2014)
  • 1938Jean-Paul L'Allier, Canadian journalist and politician, 38th Mayor of Quebec City (d. 2016)
  • 1939George Hamilton, American actor
  • 1939 – Pam Kilborn, Australian track and field athlete
  • 1939 – David King, South African chemist and academic
  • 1939 – Sushil Koirala, Nepalese politician, 37th Prime Minister of Nepal (d. 2016)
  • 1939 – Roy Romanow, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Premier of Saskatchewan
  • 1939 – S. Jayakumar, Singaporean politician, 4th Senior Minister of Singapore[9]
  • 1940Eddie Barlow, South African cricketer and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1940 – John Waller, English historical European martial arts (HEMA) revival pioneer and fight director (d. 2018)[10]
  • 1941L. M. Kit Carson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1941 – Réjean Ducharme, Canadian author and playwright (d. 2017)
  • 1941 – Dana Ivey, American actress
  • 1942Hans-Wilhelm Müller-Wohlfahrt, German physician and author
  • 1945Dorothy E. Denning, American computer scientist and academic
  • 1945 – Ron Mael, American keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1946Terry Nutkins, English television host and author (d. 2012)
  • 1947John Nathan-Turner, English author and television director, producer, and writer (d. 2002)[11]
  • 1948Siddaramaiah, Indian lawyer and politician, 22nd Chief Minister of Karnataka
  • 1948 – Graham J. Zellick, English academic and jurist
  • 1949Panagiotis Chinofotis, Greek admiral and politician
  • 1949 – Mark Knopfler, Scottish-English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1949 – Lou Martin, Northern Irish pianist, songwriter, and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1949 – Alex Naumik, Lithuanian-Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1949 – Rick Ridgeway, American mountaineer and photographer
  • 1950Jim Beaver, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1950 – August "Kid Creole" Darnell, American musician, bandleader, singer-songwriter, and record producer
  • 1950 – George McGinnis, American basketball player[12]
  • 1951Klaus Toppmöller, German football manager and former player
  • 1952Daniel Biles, American associate justice of the Kansas Supreme Court
  • 1954Rob Borbidge, Australian politician, 35th Premier of Queensland
  • 1954 – Leung Chun-ying, Hong Kong businessman and politician, 3rd Chief Executive of Hong Kong
  • 1954 – Ibolya Dávid, Hungarian lawyer and politician, Minister of Justice of Hungary
  • 1954 – François Hollande, French lawyer and politician, 24th President of France
  • 1954 – Sam J. Jones, American actor[13]
  • 1954 – Pat Metheny, American jazz guitarist and composer
  • 1956Lee Freedman, Australian horse trainer
  • 1956 – Bruce Greenwood, Canadian actor and producer
  • 1956 – Sidath Wettimuny, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1957Friedhelm Schütte, German footballer
  • 1957 – Amanda Redman, English actress
  • 1958Jürgen Dehmel, German bass player and songwriter
  • 1959Kerry Boustead, Australian rugby league player
  • 1960Laurent Fignon, French cyclist and sportscaster (d. 2010)
  • 1960 – Greg Thomas, Welsh-English cricketer
  • 1961Roy Hay, English guitarist, keyboard player, and composer
  • 1961 – Mark Priest, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1963Kōji Kitao, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 60th Yokozuna
  • 1963 – Campbell Newman, Australian politician, 38th Premier of Queensland
  • 1963 – Sir Mix-a-Lot, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1964Txiki Begiristain, Spanish footballer
  • 1964 – Michael Hagan, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1965Peter Krause, American actor
  • 1966Tobias Ellwood, American-English captain and politician
  • 1967Andy Hui, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1967 – Andrey Plotnikov, Russian race walker
  • 1967 – Regilio Tuur, Dutch boxer
  • 1968Thorsten Boer, German footballer and manager
  • 1969Aga Muhlach, Filipino actor and politician
  • 1969 – Stuart Williams, Nevisian cricketer
  • 1970Aleksandar Đurić, Bosnian footballer
  • 1970 – Charles Mesure, English-Australian actor and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Toby Perkins, English businessman and politician
  • 1970 – Jim Schlossnagle, American baseball player and coach
  • 1970 – Anthony Swofford, American soldier and author
  • 1971Michael Ian Black, American comedian, actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Rebecca Gayheart, American actress
  • 1971 – Pete Sampras, American tennis player
  • 1972Demir Demirkan, Turkish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1972 – Mark Kinsella, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Takanohana Kōji, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 65th Yokozuna
  • 1972 – Gyanendra Pandey, Indian cricketer
  • 1973Jonathan Coachman, American basketball player, wrestler, and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Mark Iuliano, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Todd Marchant, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1974Matt Clement, American baseball player and coach
  • 1974 – Karl Stefanovic, Australian television host
  • 1975Casey Affleck, American actor
  • 1976Pedro Collins, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1976 – Mikko Lindström, Finnish guitarist
  • 1976 – Henry Tuilagi, Samoan rugby player
  • 1976 – Antoine Walker, American basketball player
  • 1977Plaxico Burress, American football player
  • 1977 – Jesper Grønkjær, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – Park Yong-ha, South Korean actor (d. 2010)
  • 1978Chris Chambers, American football player
  • 1978 – Hayley Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979D. J. Houlton, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Ian Hutchinson, English motorcycle racer
  • 1979 – Cindy Klassen, Canadian speed skater
  • 1979 – Austra Skujytė, Lithuanian pentathlete
  • 1980Javier Chevantón, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1980 – Maggie Lawson, American actress
  • 1980 – Dominique Swain, American actress
  • 1980 – Matt Thiessen, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1981Tony Capaldi, Norwegian-Northern Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Djibril Cissé, French footballer
  • 1982Boban Grnčarov, Macedonian footballer
  • 1982 – Alexandros Tzorvas, Greek footballer
  • 1983Klaas-Jan Huntelaar, Dutch footballer
  • 1983 – Kléber Giacomance de Souza Freitas, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Manoa Vosawai, Italian rugby player
  • 1984Bryan Pata, American football player (d. 2006)
  • 1985Danny Graham, English footballer
  • 1985 – Franck Moutsinga, German rugby player
  • 1986Andrei Agius, Maltese footballer
  • 1986 – Kyle Arrington, American football player
  • 1987Vanessa Watts, West Indian cricketer
  • 1988Tyson Fury, English boxer
  • 1988 – Matt Gillett, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989Tom Cleverley, English footballer
  • 1989 – Hong Jeong-ho, South Korean footballer
  • 1989 – Sunye, South Korean singer
  • 1990Mario Balotelli, Italian footballer
  • 1990 – Marvin Zeegelaar, Dutch footballer
  • 1990 – Martin Zurawsky, German footballer
  • 1991Jesinta Campbell, Australian model
  • 1991 – Sam Hoare, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992Cara Delevingne, English model and actress
  • 1992 – Isabella Escobar, Guatemalan tennis player
  • 1992 – Jacob Loko, Australian rugby player
  • 1992 – Teo Gheorghiu, Swiss pianist and actor
  • 1993Ewa Farna, Czech singer-songwriter
  • 1993 – Luna, South Korean singer, actress and presenter
  • 1996Julio Urías, Mexican baseball player
  • 1998Stefanos Tsitsipas, Greek tennis player
  • 1999Matthijs de Ligt, Dutch footballer
  • 2000Tristan Charpentier, French racing driver[14]

Deaths

  • 30 BCCleopatra, Egyptian queen (b. 69 BC)
  • 792Jænberht, archbishop of Canterbury
  • 875Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 825)
  • 960Li Gu, chancellor of Later Zhou (b. 903)
  • 961Yuan Zong, emperor of Southern Tang (b. 916)
  • 1222Vladislaus III, duke of Bohemia
  • 1295Charles Martel, king of Hungary (b. 1271)
  • 1319Rudolf I, duke of Bavaria (b. 1274)
  • 1315Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick, English nobleman
  • 1335Prince Moriyoshi, Japanese shōgun (b. 1308)
  • 1399Demetrius I Starshy, Prince of Trubczewsk (in battle) (b. 1327)
  • 1424Yongle, emperor of the Ming Empire (b. 1360)
  • 1484Sixtus IV, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1414)[15]
  • 1546Francisco de Vitoria, Spanish theologian (b. 1492)
  • 1577Thomas Smith, English scholar and diplomat (b. 1513)
  • 1588Alfonso Ferrabosco the elder, Italian-English composer (b. 1543)
  • 1602Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, Mughal vizier and historian (b. 1551)
  • 1612Giovanni Gabrieli, Italian organist and composer (b. 1557)
  • 1638Johannes Althusius, German jurist and philosopher (b. 1557)
  • 1674Philippe de Champaigne, Belgian-French painter and educator (b. 1602)
  • 1689Pope Innocent XI (b. 1611)
  • 1778Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire (b. 1714)
  • 1809Mikhail Kamensky, Russian field marshal (b. 1738)
  • 1810Étienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (b. 1725)
  • 1822Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, Irish-English politician, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (b. 1769)
  • 1827William Blake, English poet and painter (b. 1757)
  • 1829Charles Sapinaud de La Rairie, French general (b. 1760)
  • 1848George Stephenson, English engineer and academic (b. 1781)
  • 1849Albert Gallatin, Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, and politician, 4th United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1761)
  • 1861Eliphalet Remington, American inventor and businessman, founded Remington Arms (b. 1793)
  • 1864Sakuma Shōzan, Japanese scholar and politician (b. 1811)
  • 1865William Jackson Hooker, English botanist and academic (b. 1785)
  • 1891James Russell Lowell, American poet and critic (b. 1819)
  • 1896Thomas Chamberlain, American colonel (b. 1841)
  • 1900Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian chess player and theoretician (b. 1836)
  • 1901Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish botanist, geologist, mineralogist, and explorer (b. 1832)
  • 1904William Renshaw, English tennis player (b. 1861)
  • 1914John Philip Holland, Irish engineer, designed Template:HMS (b. 1840)
  • 1918William Thompson, American archer (b. 1848)
  • 1921Pyotr Boborykin, Russian playwright and journalist (b. 1836)
  • 1922Arthur Griffith, Irish journalist and politician, 3rd President of Dáil Éireann (b. 1871)
  • 1924Sándor Bródy, Hungarian journalist and author (b. 1863)
  • 1928Leoš Janáček, Czech composer and educator (b. 1854)
  • 1934Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Dutch architect, designed the Beurs van Berlage (b. 1856)
  • 1935Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician and academic (b. 1851)
  • 1940Nikolai Triik, Estonian painter, illustrator, and academic (b. 1884)
  • 1941Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon, English soldier and politician, 56th Governor General of Canada (b. 1866)
  • 1941 – Bobby Peel, English cricketer and umpire (b. 1857)
  • 1943Vittorio Sella, Italian photographer and mountaineer (b. 1859)
  • 1944Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1952David Bergelson, Ukrainian author and playwright (b. 1884)
  • 1955Thomas Mann, German author and critic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1875)
  • 1955 – James B. Sumner, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1959Mike O'Neill, Irish-American baseball player and manager (b. 1877)
  • 1964Ian Fleming, English spy, journalist, and author (b. 1908)
  • 1966Artur Alliksaar, Estonian poet and author (b. 1923)
  • 1967Esther Forbes, American historian and author (b. 1891)
  • 1973Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1973 – Karl Ziegler, German chemist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1898)
  • 1978John Williams, English motorcycle racer (b. 1946)
  • 1979Ernst Boris Chain, German-Irish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1982Henry Fonda, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Salvador Sánchez, Mexican boxer (b. 1959)
  • 1983Theodor Burchardi, German admiral (b. 1892)
  • 1984Ladi Kwali, Nigerian potter (b. 1925)[16]
  • 1985Kyu Sakamoto, Japanese singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
  • 1985 – Manfred Winkelhock, German race car driver (b. 1951)
  • 1986Evaline Ness, American author and illustrator (b. 1911)
  • 1988Jean-Michel Basquiat, American painter (b. 1960)
  • 1989William Shockley, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1990Dorothy Mackaill, English-American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1992John Cage, American composer and theorist (b. 1912)
  • 1996Victor Ambartsumian, Georgian-Armenian astrophysicist and academic (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Mark Gruenwald, American author and illustrator (b. 1953)
  • 1997Jack Delano, American photographer and composer (b. 1914)
  • 1999Jean Drapeau, Canadian lawyer and politician, 37th Mayor of Montreal (b. 1916)
  • 2000Gennady Lyachin, Russian captain (b. 1955)
  • 2000 – Loretta Young, American actress (b. 1913)[17]
  • 2002Enos Slaughter, American baseball player and manager (b. 1916)
  • 2004Godfrey Hounsfield, English biophysicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1919)
  • 2005John Loder, English sound engineer and producer, founded Southern Studios (b. 1946)
  • 2006Victoria Gray Adams, American civil rights activist (b. 1926)
  • 2007Merv Griffin, American actor, singer, and producer, created Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Mike Wieringo, American author and illustrator (b. 1963)
  • 2008Christie Allen, English-Australian singer (b. 1954)
  • 2008 – Helge Hagerup, Norwegian playwright, poet and novelist (b. 1933)
  • 2009Les Paul, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2010Isaac Bonewits, American Druid, author, and activist; founded Ár nDraíocht Féin (b. 1949)
  • 2010 – Guido de Marco, Maltese lawyer and politician, 6th President of Malta (b. 1931)
  • 2010 – Richie Hayward, American drummer and songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2010 – André Kim, South Korean fashion designer (b. 1935)
  • 2011Robert Robinson, English journalist and author (b. 1927)
  • 2012Jimmy Carr, American football player and coach (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Jerry Grant, American race car driver (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Joe Kubert, Polish-American illustrator, founded The Kubert School (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Édgar Morales Pérez, Mexican engineer and politician
  • 2012 – Alf Morris, English politician and activist (b. 1928)
  • 2013Tereza de Arriaga, Portuguese painter (b. 1915)
  • 2013 – Hans-Ekkehard Bob, German soldier and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Pauline Maier, American historian and academic (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – David McLetchie, Scottish lawyer and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2013 – Vasiliy Mihaylovich Peskov, Russian ecologist and journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2014Lauren Bacall, American model, actress, and singer (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Futatsuryū Jun'ichi, Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1950)
  • 2014 – Kongō Masahiro, Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1948)
  • 2015Jaakko Hintikka, Finnish philosopher and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Stephen Lewis, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Meshulim Feish Lowy, Hungarian-Canadian rabbi and author (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – John Scott, English organist and conductor (b. 1956)
  • 2016Juan Pedro de Miguel, Spanish handball player (b. 1958)
  • 2017Bryan Murray, Canadian ice hockey coach (b. 1942)
  • 2019DJ Arafat, Ivorian DJ and singer (b. 1986)
  • 2020Bill Yeoman, American college football player and coach (b. 1927)[18]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Euplius
    • Eusebius of Milan
    • Herculanus of Brescia
    • Pope Innocent XI
    • Jænberht
    • Jane Frances de Chantal
    • Muiredach (or Murtagh)
    • Porcarius
    • August 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Glorious Twelfth (United Kingdom)
  • HM the Queen Mother's Birthday and National Mother's Day (Thailand)
  • International Youth Day (United Nations)
  • Russian Air Force Day (Russia)
  • Russian Railway Troops Day (Russia)
  • Sea Org Day (Scientology)
  • World Elephant Day (International)[19]

References

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External links

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  • Template:NYT On this day
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