Culture Wikia
Advertisement
Culture Wikia

Script error: No such module "Protection banner". Script error: No such module "Pp-move-indef".

2021

01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28  
 
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31  
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30
 
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04 05
06 07 08 09 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30  
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31
 
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30  
 
01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  
 
  2020 (Tuesday)
  2019 (Sunday)
  2018 (Saturday)
  2017 (Friday)
  2016 (Thursday)
  2015 (Tuesday)
  2014 (Monday)
  2013 (Sunday)
  2012 (Saturday)
  2011 (Thursday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".August 11 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 142 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 3114 BC – The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, notably the Maya, begins.
  • 2492 BC – Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.
  • 106 – The south-western part of Dacia (modern Romania) becomes a Roman province: Roman Dacia.
  • 355Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
  • 490 – Battle of Adda: The Goths under Theodoric the Great and his ally Alaric II defeat the forces of Odoacer on the Adda River, near Milan.
  • 1332Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Dupplin Moor: Scots under Domhnall II, Earl of Mar are routed by Edward Balliol.
  • 1473 – The Battle of Otlukbeli: Mehmed the Conqueror of the Ottoman Empire decisively defeats Uzun Hassan of Aq Qoyunlu.
  • 1675Franco-Dutch War: Forces of the Holy Roman Empire defeat the French in the Battle of Konzer Brücke.
  • 1786 – Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia.
  • 1804Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria.
  • 1812Peninsular War: French troops engage British-Portuguese forces in the Battle of Majadahonda.
  • 1813 – In Colombia, Juan del Corral declares the independence of Antioquia.
  • 1858 – The Eiger in the Bernese Alps is ascended for the first time by Charles Barrington accompanied by Christian Almer and Peter Bohren.
  • 1898Spanish–American War: American troops enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • 1918World War I: The Battle of Amiens ends.
  • 1919 – Germany's Weimar Constitution is signed into law.[1]
  • 1920 – The Latvian–Soviet Peace Treaty, which relinquished Russia's authority and pretenses to Latvia, is signed, ending the Latvian War of Independence.
  • 1929Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • 1934 – The first civilian prisoners arrive at the Federal prison on Alcatraz Island.
  • 1942 – Actress Hedy Lamarr and composer George Antheil receive a patent for a Frequency-hopping spread spectrum communication system that later became the basis for modern technologies in wireless telephones, two-way radio communications, and Wi-Fi.
  • 1945 – Poles in Kraków engage in a pogrom against Jews in the city, killing one and wounding five.
  • 1952Hussein bin Talal is proclaimed King of Jordan.
  • 1959Sheremetyevo International Airport, the second-largest airport in Russia, opens.
  • 1960Chad declares independence.
  • 1961 – The former Portuguese territories in India of Dadra and Nagar Haveli are merged to create the Union Territory Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
  • 1962Vostok 3 launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome and cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev becomes the first person to float in microgravity.
  • 1965 – Race riots (the Watts Riots) begin in the Watts area of Los Angeles, California.
  • 1969 – The Apollo 11 astronauts are released from a three-week quarantine following their liftoff from the moon.[2]
  • 1972Vietnam War: The last United States ground combat unit leaves South Vietnam.
  • 1975East Timor: Governor Mário Lemos Pires of Portuguese Timor abandons the capital Dili, following a coup by the Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) and the outbreak of civil war between UDT and Fretilin.
  • 1979 – Two Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-134s collide over the Ukrainian city of Dniprodzerzhynsk and crash, killing all 178 aboard both airliners.
  • 1982 – A bomb explodes on Pan Am Flight 830, en route from Tokyo, Japan to Honolulu, Hawaii, killing one passenger and injuring 15 others.
  • 1984 – "We begin bombing in five minutes": United States President Ronald Reagan, while running for re-election, jokes while preparing to make his weekly Saturday address on National Public Radio.
  • 2000 – An air rage incident occurs on board Southwest Airlines Flight 1763 when 19-year-old Jonathan Burton attempts to storm the cockpit, but he is subdued by other passengers and dies from his injuries.[3]
  • 2003NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
  • 2003 – Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2006 – The oil tanker MT Solar 1 sinks off the coast of Guimaras and Negros Islands in the Philippines, causing the country's worst oil spill.
  • 2012 – At least 306 people are killed and 3,000 others injured in a pair of earthquakes near Tabriz, Iran.
  • 2017 – At least 41 people are killed and another 179 injured after two passenger trains collide in Alexandria, Egypt.

Births

  • 1086Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1125)
  • 1384Yolande of Aragon (d. 1442)
  • 1472Nikolaus von Schönberg, Catholic cardinal (d. 1537)
  • 1510Margaret Paleologa, Sovereign Marchioness of Montferrat (d. 1566)
  • 1673Richard Mead, English physician and astrologer (d. 1754)
  • 1718Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-English general and politician, 22nd Governor of Quebec (d. 1791)
  • 1722Richard Brocklesby, English physician (d. 1797)
  • 1748Joseph Schuster, German composer (d. 1812)
  • 1778Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, Prussian gymnast, educator, and politician (d. 1852)
  • 1794James B. Longacre, American engraver (d. 1869)
  • 1807David Rice Atchison, American general, lawyer, and politician (d. 1886)
  • 1808William W. Chapman, American lawyer and politician (d. 1892)
  • 1816Frederick Innes, Scottish-Australian politician, 9th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1882)
  • 1833Robert G. Ingersoll, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 1899)
  • 1833 – Kido Takayoshi, Japanese samurai and politician (d. 1877)
  • 1836Warren Brown, American historian and politician (d. 1919)
  • 1837Marie François Sadi Carnot, French engineer and politician, 4th President of the French Republic (d. 1894)
  • 1855John Hodges, Australian cricketer (d. 1933)
  • 1858Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1860Ottó Bláthy, Hungarian engineer and chess player (d. 1939)
  • 1870Tom Richardson, English cricketer (d. 1912)
  • 1874Princess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg (d. 1953)
  • 1877Adolph M. Christianson, American lawyer and judge (d. 1954)
  • 1878Oliver W. F. Lodge, English poet and author (d. 1955)
  • 1881Aleksander Aberg, Estonian wrestler (d. 1920)
  • 1884Hermann Wlach, Austrian-Swiss actor (d. 1962)
  • 1885Stephen Butterworth, English physicist and engineer (d. 1958)
  • 1891Stancho Belkovski, Bulgarian architect and educator (d. 1962)
  • 1891 – Edgar Zilsel, Austrian historian and philosopher of science, linked to the Vienna Circle (d. 1944)
  • 1892Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish poet and linguist (d. 1978)
  • 1892 – Eiji Yoshikawa, Japanese author (d. 1962)
  • 1897Enid Blyton, English author, poet, and educator (d. 1968)
  • 1897 – Louise Bogan, American poet and critic (d. 1970)
  • 1898Peter Mohr Dam, Faroese educator and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (d. 1968)
  • 1900Charley Paddock, American sprinter (d. 1943)[4]
  • 1900 – Philip Phillips, American archaeologist and scholar (d. 1994)
  • 1902Alfredo Binda, Italian cyclist (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Lloyd Nolan, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1905Erwin Chargaff, Austrian-American biochemist and academic (d. 2002)
  • 1905 – Ernst Jaakson, Estonian diplomat (d. 1998)
  • 1907Ted a'Beckett, Australian cricketer and lawyer (d. 1989)
  • 1908Don Freeman, American author and illustrator (d. 1978)
  • 1908 – Torgny T:son Segerstedt, Swedish sociologist and philosopher (d. 1999)
  • 1909Yūji Koseki, Japanese composer (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Uku Masing, Estonian philosopher and theologian (d. 1985)
  • 1911Thanom Kittikachorn, Thai field marshal and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Thailand (d. 2004)
  • 1912Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer and academic (d. 1954)
  • 1912 – Raphael Blau, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1913Paul Dupuis, Canadian actor (d. 1976)
  • 1913 – Bob Scheffing, American baseball player and manager (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Angus Wilson, English author and academic (d. 1991)
  • 1915Morris Weiss, American author and illustrator (d. 2014)
  • 1916Johnny Claes, English-Belgian race car driver and trumpet player (d. 1956)
  • 1919Luis Olmo, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and manager (d. 2017)
  • 1920Mike Douglas, American singer and talk show host (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Chuck Rayner, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2002)
  • 1921Alex Haley, American historian and author (d. 1992)
  • 1922John "Mule" Miles, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1923Stan Chambers, American journalist and actor (d. 2015)
  • 1925Floyd Curry, Canadian ice hockey player and manager (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Arlene Dahl, American actress, businesswoman and writer
  • 1926Aaron Klug, Lithuanian-English chemist and biophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2018)[5]
  • 1927Raymond Leppard, English harpsichord player and conductor (d. 2019)
  • 1927 – Stuart Rosenberg, American director and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1932Fernando Arrabal, Spanish actor, director, and playwright
  • 1932 – Izzy Asper, Canadian lawyer, businessman, and politician, founded Canwest (d. 2003)
  • 1932 – Geoffrey Cass, English businessman
  • 1932 – Peter Eisenman, American architect, designed the City of Culture of Galicia
  • 1932 – John Gorrie, English director and screenwriter
  • 1933Jerry Falwell, American minister and television host (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Jerzy Grotowski, Polish director and producer (d. 1999)
  • 1933 – Tamás Vásáry, Hungarian pianist and conductor
  • 1934Bob Hepple, South African lawyer and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1936Andre Dubus, American short story writer, essayist, and memoirist (d. 1999)
  • 1936 – Bill Monbouquette, American baseball player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1936 – Jonathan Spence, English-American historian and academic
  • 1937Anna Massey, English actress (d. 2011)
  • 1937 – Patrick Joseph McGovern, American businessman, founded International Data Group (d. 2014)
  • 1939James Mancham, first President of Seychelles (d. 2017)[6]
  • 1939 – Ronnie Dawson, American singer and guitarist (d. 2003)
  • 1940Glenys Page, New Zealand cricketer (d. 2012)
  • 1941John Ellison, American-Canadian musician and songwriter
  • 1942Mike Hugg, English drummer and keyboard player
  • 1943Jim Kale, Canadian bass player
  • 1943 – Pervez Musharraf, Pakistani general and politician, 10th President of Pakistan
  • 1943 – Denis Payton, English saxophonist (d. 2006)
  • 1944Martin Linton, Swedish-English journalist and politician
  • 1944 – Frederick W. Smith, American businessman, founded FedEx
  • 1944 – Ian McDiarmid, Scottish actor
  • 1946John Conlee, American singer-songwriter
  • 1946 – Marilyn vos Savant, American journalist and author
  • 1947Theo de Jong, Dutch footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1947 – Georgios Karatzaferis, Greek journalist and politician
  • 1948Don Boyd, Scottish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1949Eric Carmen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1949 – Tim Hutchinson, American lawyer and politician
  • 1949 – Ian Charleson, Scottish-English actor and singer (d. 1990)
  • 1950Erik Brann, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2003)
  • 1950 – Gennadiy Nikonov, Russian engineer, designed the AN-94 rifle (d. 2003)
  • 1950 – Steve Wozniak, American computer scientist and programmer, co-founded Apple Inc.[7]
  • 1952Reid Blackburn, American photographer (d. 1980)
  • 1952 – Bob Mothersbaugh, American singer, guitarist, and producer
  • 1953Hulk Hogan, American wrestler
  • 1953 – Wijda Mazereeuw, Dutch swimmer
  • 1954Bryan Bassett, American guitarist
  • 1954 – Vance Heafner, American golfer and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Joe Jackson, English singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1954 – Tarmo Rüütli, Estonian footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1954 – Yashpal Sharma, Indian cricketer and umpire
  • 1955Marc Bureau, Canadian politician, 16th Mayor of Gatineau
  • 1955 – Sylvia Hermon, Northern Irish academic and politician
  • 1956Pierre-Louis Lions, French mathematician and academic
  • 1957Ian Stuart Donaldson, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1958Steven Pokere, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1958 – Jah Wobble, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1959Gustavo Cerati, Argentinian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1959 – Yoshiaki Murakami, Japanese businessman
  • 1959 – Taraki Sivaram, Sri Lankan journalist and author (d. 2005)
  • 1959 – Richard Scudamore, English businessman
  • 1959 – László Szlávics, Jr., Hungarian sculptor
  • 1961David Brooks, American journalist and author
  • 1961 – Craig Ehlo, American basketball player and coach
  • 1962Brian Azzarello, American author
  • 1962 – Charles Cecil, English video game designer and co-founded Revolution Software
  • 1962 – John Micklethwait, English journalist and author
  • 1962 – Rob Minkoff, American director and producer
  • 1963Hiromi Makihara, Japanese baseball player
  • 1964Jim Lee, South Korean-American author and illustrator
  • 1964 – Grant Waite, New Zealand golfer
  • 1965Marc Bergevin, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1965 – Embeth Davidtz, American actress
  • 1965 – Viola Davis, American actress
  • 1966Nigel Martyn, English footballer and coach
  • 1966 – Juan María Solare, Argentinian pianist and composer
  • 1967Massimiliano Allegri, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Enrique Bunbury, Spanish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967 – Joe Rogan, American actor, comedian, and television host
  • 1967 – Petter Wettre, Norwegian saxophonist and composer
  • 1968Sophie Okonedo, British actress
  • 1968 – Charlie Sexton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970Dirk Hannemann, German footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Gianluca Pessotto, Italian footballer
  • 1971Alejandra Barros, Mexican actress and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Tommy Mooney, English footballer
  • 1973Kristin Armstrong, American cyclist
  • 1974Marie-France Dubreuil, Canadian figure skater
  • 1974 – Hadiqa Kiani, Pakistani singer, songwriter and philanthropist
  • 1974 – Audrey Mestre, French biologist and diver (d. 2002)
  • 1974 – Carolyn Murphy, American model and actress
  • 1975Chris Cummings, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1976Iván Córdoba, Colombian footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Bubba Crosby, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Will Friedle, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Ben Gibbard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1976 – Ľubomír Višňovský, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1977Gemma Hayes, Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1977 – Dênio Martins, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978Spyros Gogolos, Greek footballer
  • 1978 – Charlotte Leslie, British politician
  • 1978 – Lillian Nakate, Ugandan politician
  • 1978 – Isy Suttie, English comedian, musician, actress, and writer
  • 1979Walter Ayoví, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1980Daniel Lloyd, English cyclist and sportscaster
  • 1980 – Lee Suggs, American football player
  • 1981Daniel Poohl, Swedish journalist
  • 1983Chris Hemsworth, Australian actor
  • 1983 – Luke Lewis, Australian rugby league player
  • 1983 – Pavel 183, Russian painter (d. 2013)
  • 1984Melky Cabrera, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Lucas di Grassi, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1985Jacqueline Fernandez, Sri Lankan actress
  • 1986Mokhtar Benmoussa, Algerian footballer
  • 1986 – Pablo Sandoval, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1987Dany N'Guessan, French footballer
  • 1987 – Drew Storen, American baseball player
  • 1988Rabeh Al-Hussaini, Filipino basketball player
  • 1988 – Patty Mills, Australian basketball player
  • 1988 – Mustafa Pektemek, Turkish footballer
  • 1989Junior Heffernan, Irish cyclist and triathlete (d. 2013)
  • 1989 – Sebastian Huke, German footballer
  • 1990Lenka Juríková, Slovak tennis player
  • 1991Cristian Tello, Spanish footballer
  • 1994Storm Sanders, Australian tennis player
  • 1994 – Anton Cooper, New Zealand cross-country cyclist
  • 1994 – Joseph Barbato, French footballer
  • 1997Sarah Clelland, Scottish footballer[8]

Deaths

  • 480 BCLeonidas I, Agiad King of Sparta
  • 223Jia Xu, Chinese politician (b. 147)
  • 353Magnentius, Roman usurper (b. 303)
  • 449Archbishop Flavian of Constantinople
  • 919Dhuka al-Rumi, Abbasid governor of Egypt[9]
  • 979Gero, Count of Alsleben
  • 991Byrhtnoth, English soldier (b. 956)
  • 1044Sokkate, king of the Pagan dynasty of Burma (b. 1001)
  • 1204Guttorm of Norway (b. 1199)
  • 1253Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (b. 1194)
  • 1259Möngke Khan, Mongolian emperor (b. 1208)
  • 1268Agnes of Faucigny, Dame ruler of Faucigny, Countess consort of Savoy
  • 1332Domhnall II, Earl of Mar
  • 1332 – Robert II Keith, Marischal of Scotland
  • 1332 – Thomas Randolph, 2nd Earl of Moray
  • 1332 – Murdoch III, Earl of Menteith
  • 1332 – Robert Bruce, Lord of Liddesdale
  • 1456John Hunyadi, Hungarian general and politician (b. 1387)
  • 1464Nicholas of Cusa, German cardinal and mystic (b. 1401)
  • 1465Kettil Karlsson, regent of Sweden and Bishop of Linköping (b. 1433)
  • 1486William Waynflete, English Lord Chancellor and bishop of Winchester (b. c. 1398)
  • 1494Hans Memling, German-Belgian painter (b. 1430)
  • 1519Johann Tetzel, German preacher (b. 1465)
  • 1556John Bell, English bishop
  • 1563Bartolomé de Escobedo, Spanish composer and educator (b. 1500)
  • 1578Pedro Nunes, Portuguese mathematician and academic (b. 1502)
  • 1596Hamnet Shakespeare, son of William Shakespeare (b. 1585)
  • 1614Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter (b. 1552)
  • 1656Ottavio Piccolomini, Austrian-Italian field marshal (b. 1599)
  • 1725Prince Vittorio Amedeo Theodore of Savoy (b. 1723)
  • 1774Charles-François Tiphaigne de la Roche, French physician and author (b. 1722)
  • 1813Henry James Pye, English poet and politician (b. 1745)
  • 1851Lorenz Oken, German botanist, biologist, and ornithologist (b. 1779)
  • 1854Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist and academic (b. 1798)
  • 1868Halfdan Kjerulf, Norwegian pianist and composer (b. 1815)
  • 1886Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet and playwright (b. 1843)
  • 1890John Henry Newman, English cardinal and theologian (b. 1801)
  • 1892Enrico Betti, Italian mathematician and academic (b. 1813)
  • 1903Eugenio María de Hostos, Puerto Rican-American sociologist, philosopher, and lawyer (b. 1839)
  • 1908Khudiram Bose, Indian Bengali revolutionary (b. 1889)
  • 1919Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Carnegie Steel Company and Carnegie Hall (b. 1835)
  • 1921Mary Sumner, English philanthropist, founded the Mothers' Union (b. 1828)
  • 1936Blas Infante, Spanish historian and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1937Edith Wharton, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1862)
  • 1939Jean Bugatti, German-Italian engineer (b. 1909)
  • 1939 – Siegfried Flesch, Austrian fencer (b. 1872)
  • 1945Stefan Jaracz, Polish actor and theater producer (b. 1883)
  • 1953Tazio Nuvolari, Italian race car driver and motorcycle racer (b. 1892)
  • 1956Jackson Pollock, American painter (b. 1912)
  • 1961Antanas Škėma, Lithuanian-American author, playwright, actor, and director (b. 1910)
  • 1963Otto Wahle, Austrian-American swimmer and coach (b. 1879)
  • 1965Bill Woodfull, Australian cricketer and educator (b. 1897)
  • 1969Miriam Licette, English soprano and educator (b. 1885)
  • 1972Max Theiler, South African-American virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1974Vicente Emilio Sojo, Venezuelan conductor and composer (b. 1887)
  • 1977Frederic Calland Williams, British co-inventor of the Williams-Kilborn tube, used for memory in early computer systems (b. 1911)
  • 1978Berta Ruck, Indian-born Welsh romance novelist (b. 1878)[10]
  • 1979J. G. Farrell, English author (b. 1935)
  • 1980Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (b. 1910)
  • 1982Tom Drake, American actor and singer (b. 1918)
  • 1984Alfred A. Knopf Sr., American publisher, founded Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian–American chemist and chess player (b. 1916)
  • 1986János Drapál, Hungarian motorcycle racer (b. 1948)
  • 1988Anne Ramsey, American actress (b. 1929)
  • 1989John Meillon, Australian actor (b. 1934)
  • 1991J. D. McDuffie, American race car driver (b. 1938)
  • 1994Peter Cushing, English actor (b. 1913)
  • 1995Phil Harris, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1904)
  • 1996Rafael Kubelík, Czech conductor and composer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – Ambrosio Padilla, Filipino basketball player and politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000Jean Papineau-Couture, Canadian composer and academic (b. 1916)
  • 2001Percy Stallard, English cyclist and coach (b. 1909)
  • 2002Galen Rowell, American photographer and mountaineer (b. 1940)
  • 2003Armand Borel, Swiss-American mathematician and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Herb Brooks, American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1937)
  • 2006Mike Douglas, American singer and talk show host (b. 1920)
  • 2008George Furth, American actor and playwright (b. 1932)
  • 2008 – Dursun Karataş, founding leader of the Revolutionary People's Liberation Party–Front (DHKP-C) in Turkey (b. 1952)
  • 2009Eunice Kennedy Shriver, American activist, founded the Special Olympics (b. 1921)
  • 2012Red Bastien, American wrestler, trainer, and promoter (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Michael Dokes, American boxer (b. 1958)
  • 2012 – Lucy Gallardo, Argentinian-Mexican actress and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 2013Raymond Delisle, French cyclist (b. 1943)
  • 2013 – Zafar Futehally, Indian ornithologist and author (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – David Howard, English ballet dancer and educator (b. 1937)
  • 2014Vladimir Beara, Croatian footballer and manager (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Raymond Gravel, Canadian priest and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2014 – Kika Szaszkiewiczowa, Polish author and blogger (b. 1917)
  • 2014 – Robin Williams, American actor and comedian (b. 1951)
  • 2015Serge Collot, French viola player and educator (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Harald Nielsen, Danish footballer and manager (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Richard Oriani, Salvadoran-American metallurgist and engineer (b. 1920)
  • 2017Yisrael Kristal, Polish-Israeli supercentenarian; oldest living Holocaust survivor and one of the ten oldest men ever (b. 1903)
  • 2017 – Segun Bucknor, Nigerian musician and journalist (b. 1946)
  • 2018V S Naipaul, British writer (b. 1932) [11]
  • 2019Sergio Obeso Rivera, Mexican Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1931)[12]
  • 2020Trini Lopez, Mexican American singer and guitarist (b. 1937) [13]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian Feast Day:
    • Athracht
    • Clare of Assisi
    • Fiacre
    • Gaugericus
    • John Henry Newman (Church of England)
    • Philomena
    • Susanna
    • Taurinus of Évreux
    • Tiburtius and Chromatius
    • August 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Flag Day (Pakistan)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Chad from France in 1960.
  • Mountain Day (Japan)

References

  1. Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN: 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  3. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  4. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  5. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  6. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  7. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  8. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  9. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  10. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  11. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  12. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  13. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".

Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".

External links

Script error: No such module "Side box".

  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  • Template:NYT On this day
  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".
  • Script error: No such module "citation/CS1".


{{{header}}}
{{{body}}}