Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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  2012 (Monday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".April 9 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 266 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 190Dong Zhuo has his troops evacuate the capital Luoyang and burn it to the ground.
  • 475Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.
  • 537Siege of Rome: The Byzantine general Belisarius receives his promised reinforcements, 1,600 cavalry, mostly of Hunnic or Slavic origin and expert bowmen. He starts, despite shortages, raids against the Gothic camps and Vitiges is forced into a stalemate.
  • 1241Battle of Liegnitz: Mongol forces defeat the Polish and German armies.
  • 1288Mongol invasions of Vietnam: Yuan forces are defeated by Trần forces in the Battle of Bach Dang in present-day northern Vietnam.
  • 1388 – Despite being outnumbered 16 to 1, forces of the Old Swiss Confederacy are victorious over the Archduchy of Austria in the Battle of Näfels.
  • 1413Henry V is crowned King of England.
  • 1440Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark.
  • 1454 – The Treaty of Lodi is signed, establishing a balance of power among northern Italian city-states for almost 50 years.
  • 1511St John's College, Cambridge, England, founded by Lady Margaret Beaufort, receives its charter.
  • 1585 – The expedition organised by Sir Walter Raleigh departs England for Roanoke Island (now in North Carolina) to establish the Roanoke Colony.
  • 1609Eighty Years' War: Spain and the Dutch Republic sign the Treaty of Antwerp to initiate twelve years of truce.
  • 1609 – Philip III of Spain issues the decree of the "Expulsion of the Moriscos".
  • 1682Robert Cavelier de La Salle discovers the mouth of the Mississippi River, claims it for France and names it Louisiana.
  • 1782American Revolutionary War: Battle of the Saintes begins.
  • 1784 – The Treaty of Paris, ratified by the United States Congress on January 14, 1784, is ratified by King George III of the Kingdom of Great Britain, ending the American Revolutionary War. Copies of the ratified documents are exchanged on May 12, 1784.[1]
  • 1860 – On his phonautograph machine, Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville makes the oldest known recording of an audible human voice.
  • 1865American Civil War: Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia (26,765 troops) to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively ending the war.
  • 1909 – The U.S. Congress passes the Payne–Aldrich Tariff Act.
  • 1914Mexican Revolution: One of the world's first naval/air skirmishes takes place off the coast of western Mexico.
  • 1916World War I: The Battle of Verdun: German forces launch their third offensive of the battle.
  • 1917 – World War I: The Battle of Arras: The battle begins with Canadian Corps executing a massive assault on Vimy Ridge.
  • 1918 – World War I: The Battle of the Lys: The Portuguese Expeditionary Corps is crushed by the German forces during what is called the Spring Offensive on the Belgian region of Flanders.
  • 1937 – The Kamikaze arrives at Croydon Airport in London. It is the first Japanese-built aircraft to fly to Europe.
  • 1939 – African-American singer Marian Anderson gives a concert at the Lincoln Memorial after being denied the use of Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution.
  • 1940World War II: Operation Weserübung: Germany invades Denmark and Norway.
  • 1940 – Vidkun Quisling seizes power in Norway.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Bataan ends. An Indian Ocean raid by Japan's 1st Air Fleet sinks the British aircraft carrier Template:HMS and the Australian destroyer Template:HMAS.
  • 1945 – Execution of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, anti-Nazi dissident and spy, by the Nazi regime.
  • 1945 – World War II: The German heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer is sunk by the Royal Air Force.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, in East Prussia, ends.
  • 1945 – The United States Atomic Energy Commission is formed.
  • 1947 – The Glazier–Higgins–Woodward tornadoes kill 181 and injure 970 in Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.
  • 1947 – The Journey of Reconciliation, the first interracial Freedom Ride begins through the upper South in violation of Jim Crow laws. The riders wanted enforcement of the United States Supreme Court's 1946 Irene Morgan decision that banned racial segregation in interstate travel.
  • 1947 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 22 relating to Corfu Channel incident is adopted.
  • 1948Jorge Eliécer Gaitán's assassination provokes a violent riot in Bogotá (the Bogotazo), and a further ten years of violence in Colombia.
  • 1948 – Fighters from the Irgun and Lehi Zionist paramilitary groups attacked Deir Yassin near Jerusalem, killing over 100.
  • 1952Hugo Ballivián's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalization of tin mines
  • 1957 – The Suez Canal in Egypt is cleared and opens to shipping following the Suez Crisis.
  • 1959Project Mercury: NASA announces the selection of the United States' first seven astronauts, whom the news media quickly dub the "Mercury Seven".
  • 1960 – Dr Hendrik Verwoerd, Prime Minister of South Africa and architect of apartheid, narrowly survives an assassination attempt by a white farmer, David Pratt in Johannesburg.
  • 1961 – The Pacific Electric Railway in Los Angeles, once the largest electric railway in the world, ends operations.
  • 1965Astrodome opens. First indoor baseball game is played.
  • 1967 – The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight.
  • 1969 – The first British-built Concorde 002 makes its maiden flight from Filton to RAF Fairford.
  • 1975 – The first game of the Philippine Basketball Association, the second oldest professional basketball league in the world.
  • 1976 – The EMD F40PH diesel locomotive enters revenue service with Amtrak.
  • 1980 – The Iraqi regime of Saddam Hussein kills philosopher Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr and his sister Bint al-Huda after three days of torture.
  • 1981 – The U.S. Navy nuclear submarine Template:Ship accidentally collides with the Nissho Maru, a Japanese cargo ship, sinking it.
  • 1989Tbilisi massacre: an anti-Soviet peaceful demonstration and hunger strike in Tbilisi, demanding restoration of Georgian independence, is dispersed by the Soviet Army, resulting in 20 deaths and hundreds of injuries.
  • 1990 – An IRA bombing in County Down, Northern Ireland, kills three members of the UDR.[2]
  • 1990 – Thirteen thousand members of the Dene and Métis tribes sign a land claim agreement for Script error: No such module "convert". in the Mackenzie Valley of the western Arctic.[3]
  • 1991Georgia declares independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1992 – A U.S. Federal Court finds former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of drug and racketeering charges. He is sentenced to 30 years in prison.
  • 1999Kosovo War: The Battle of Košare begins.
  • 2003Iraq War: Baghdad falls to American forces.
  • 2005Charles, Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles in a civil ceremony at Windsor's Guildhall.
  • 2009 – In Tbilisi, Georgia, up to 60,000 people protest against the government of Mikheil Saakashvili.
  • 2013 – A 6.1–magnitude earthquake strikes Iran killing 32 people and injuring over 850 people.
  • 2013 – At least 13 people are killed and another three injured after a man goes on a spree shooting in the Serbian village of Velika Ivanča.
  • 2014 – A student stabs 20 people at Franklin Regional High School in Murrysville, Pennsylvania.
  • 2017 – The Palm Sunday church bombings at Coptic churches in Tanta and Alexandria, Egypt, take place.
  • 2017 – After refusing to give up his seat on an overbooked United Airlines flight, Dr. David Dao Duy Anh is forcibly dragged off the flight by aviation security officers, leading to major criticism of United Airlines.[4]

Births

  • 1285Ayurbarwada Buyantu Khan, Emperor Renzong of Yuan (d. 1320)
  • 1458Camilla Battista da Varano, Italian saint (d. 1524)
  • 1498Jean, Cardinal of Lorraine (d. 1550)
  • 1586Julius Henry, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1665)
  • 1597John Davenport, English minister, co-founded the New Haven Colony (d. 1670)
  • 1598Johann Crüger, Sorbian-German composer and theorist (d. 1662)
  • 1624Henrik Rysensteen, Dutch military engineer (d. 1679)
  • 1627Johann Caspar Kerll, German organist and composer (d. 1693)
  • 1634Countess Albertine Agnes of Nassau (d. 1696)
  • 1648Henri de Massue, Earl of Galway, French soldier and diplomat (d. 1720)
  • 1649James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire (d. 1685)
  • 1654Samuel Fritz, Czech Jesuit missionary to South America (d. 1725?)
  • 1680Philippe Néricault Destouches, French playwright (d. 1754)
  • 1686James Craggs the Younger, English politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (d. 1721)
  • 1691Johann Matthias Gesner, German scholar and academic (d. 1761)
  • 1717Georg Matthias Monn, Austrian organist, composer, and educator (d. 1750)
  • 1770Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist and academic (d. 1831)
  • 1773Étienne Aignan, French author and academic (d. 1824)
  • 1794Theobald Boehm, German flute player and composer (d. 1881)
  • 1802Elias Lönnrot, Finnish physician and philologist (d. 1884)
  • 1806Isambard Kingdom Brunel, English engineer, designed the Clifton Suspension Bridge (d. 1859)
  • 1807James Bannerman, Scottish theologian and academic (d. 1868)
  • 1821Charles Baudelaire, French poet and critic (d. 1867)
  • 1830Eadweard Muybridge, English photographer and cinematographer (d. 1904)
  • 1835Leopold II of Belgium (d. 1909)
  • 1835 – Somerset Lowry-Corry, 4th Earl Belmore (d. 1913)
  • 1846Paolo Tosti, Italian-English composer and educator (d. 1916)
  • 1848Ezequiél Moreno y Díaz, Spanish Augustinian Recollect priest and saint (d. 1906)
  • 1865Erich Ludendorff, German general and politician (d. 1937)
  • 1865 – Charles Proteus Steinmetz, Polish-American mathematician and engineer (d. 1923)
  • 1867Chris Watson, Chilean-Australian journalist and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1941)
  • 1867 – Charles Winckler, Danish tug of war competitor, discus thrower, and shot putter (d. 1932)
  • 1872Léon Blum, French lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1950)
  • 1875Jacques Futrelle, American journalist and author (d. 1912)
  • 1880Jan Letzel, Czech architect (d. 1925)
  • 1882Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 1946)
  • 1882 – Otz Tollen, German actor (d. 1965)
  • 1883Frank King, American cartoonist (d. 1969)
  • 1887Konrad Tom, Polish actor, writer, singer, and director (d. 1957)
  • 1888Sol Hurok, Ukrainian-American talent manager (d. 1974)
  • 1893Charles E. Burchfield, American painter (d.1967)
  • 1893 – Victor Gollancz, English publisher, founded Victor Gollancz Ltd (d. 1967)
  • 1893 – Rahul Sankrityayan, Indian linguist, author, and scholar (d. 1963)
  • 1895Mance Lipscomb, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1976)
  • 1895 – Michel Simon, Swiss-French actor (d. 1975)
  • 1897John B. Gambling, American radio host (d. 1974)
  • 1898Curly Lambeau, American football player and coach (d. 1965)
  • 1898 – Paul Robeson, American singer, actor, and activist (d. 1976)
  • 1900Allen Jenkins, American actor and singer (d. 1974)
  • 1901Jean Bruchési, Canadian historian and author (d. 1979)
  • 1901 – Paul Willis, American actor and director (d. 1960)
  • 1902Théodore Monod, French explorer and scholar (d. 2000)
  • 1903Ward Bond, American actor (d. 1960)[5]
  • 1904Sharkey Bonano, American singer, trumpet player, and bandleader (d. 1972)
  • 1905J. William Fulbright, American lawyer and politician (d. 1995)
  • 1906Rafaela Aparicio, Spanish actress (d. 1996)
  • 1906 – Antal Doráti, Hungarian-American conductor and composer (d. 1988)
  • 1906 – Hugh Gaitskell, British politician and leader of the Labour Party (d. 1963)
  • 1906 – Victor Vasarely, Hungarian-French painter (d. 1997)
  • 1908Joseph Krumgold, American author and screenwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1909Robert Helpmann, Australian dancer, actor, and choreographer (d. 1986)
  • 1910Abraham A. Ribicoff, American lawyer and politician, 4th United States Secretary of Health and Human Services (d. 1998)
  • 1912Lev Kopelev, Ukrainian-German author and academic (d. 1997)
  • 1915Daniel Johnson Sr., Canadian lawyer and politician, 20th Premier of Quebec (d. 1968)
  • 1916Julian Dash, American swing music jazz tenor saxophonist (d. 1974)
  • 1916 – Heinz Meyer, German Fallschirmjäger (paratrooper) during World War II (d. 1987)
  • 1916 – Bill Leonard, American journalist (d. 1994)
  • 1917Johannes Bobrowski, German songwriter and poet (d. 1965)
  • 1917 – Ronnie Burgess, Welsh international footballer left-half and manager (d. 2005)[6]
  • 1917 – Brad Dexter, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Henry Hewes, American theater writer (d. 2006)[7]
  • 1918Jørn Utzon, Danish architect, designed the Sydney Opera House (d. 2008)
  • 1919J. Presper Eckert, American engineer, invented the ENIAC (d. 1995)
  • 1921Jean-Marie Balestre, French businessman (d. 2008)
  • 1921 – Yitzhak Navon, Israeli politician (d. 2015)
  • 1921 – Frankie Thomas, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Mary Jackson, African-American mathematician and aerospace engineer (d. 2005)
  • 1922Carl Amery, German author and activist (d. 2005)
  • 1923Leonard Levy, American historian and author (d. 2006)
  • 1924Arthur Shaw, English professional footballer (d. 2015)
  • 1925Virginia Gibson, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Art Kane, American photographer (d. 1995)
  • 1926Gerry Fitt, Northern Irish soldier and politician; British life peer (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Hugh Hefner, American publisher, founded Playboy Enterprises (d. 2017)
  • 1926 – Harris Wofford, American politician, author and civil rights activist (d. 2019)[8]
  • 1927Tiny Hill, New Zealand rugby player (d. 2019)
  • 1928Paul Arizin, American basketball player (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Tom Lehrer, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and mathematician
  • 1929Sharan Rani Backliwal, Indian sarod player and scholar (d. 2008)
  • 1929 – Fred Hollows, New Zealand-Australian ophthalmologist (d. 1993)
  • 1929 – Paule Marshall, American author and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1930Nathaniel Branden, Canadian-American psychotherapist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – F. Albert Cotton, American chemist and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Jim Fowler, American zoologist and television host (d. 2019)
  • 1930 – Wallace McCain, Canadian businessman, founded McCain Foods (d. 2011)
  • 1931Richard Hatfield, Canadian lawyer and politician, 26th Premier of New Brunswick (d. 1991)
  • 1932Armin Jordan, Swiss conductor (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Peter Moores, English businessman and philanthropist (d. 2016)
  • 1932 – Carl Perkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1998)
  • 1933Jean-Paul Belmondo, French actor and producer
  • 1933 – René Burri, Swiss photographer and journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1933 – Fern Michaels, American author
  • 1933 – Richard Rose, American political scientist and academic
  • 1933 – Gian Maria Volonté, Italian actor (d. 1994)
  • 1934Bill Birch, New Zealand surveyor and politician, 38th New Zealand Minister of Finance
  • 1934 – Tom Phillis, Australian motorcycle racer (d. 1962)
  • 1934 – Mariya Pisareva, Russian high jumper
  • 1935Aulis Sallinen, Finnish composer and academic
  • 1935 – Avery Schreiber, American actor and comedian (d. 2002)
  • 1936Jerzy Maksymiuk, Polish pianist, composer, and conductor
  • 1936 – Valerie Solanas, American radical feminist author, attempted murderer (d. 1988)
  • 1937Simon Brown, Baron Brown of Eaton-under-Heywood, English lieutenant, lawyer, and judge
  • 1937 – Marty Krofft, Canadian screenwriter and producer
  • 1937 – Valerie Singleton, English television and radio host
  • 1938Viktor Chernomyrdin, Russian businessman and politician, 30th Prime Minister of Russia (d. 2010)
  • 1939Michael Learned, American actress
  • 1940Hans-Joachim Reske, German sprinter
  • 1940 – Jim Roberts, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1941Kay Adams, American singer-songwriter
  • 1942Brandon deWilde, American actor (d. 1972)
  • 1942 – Margo Smith, American singer-songwriter
  • 1943Leila Khaled, Palestinian activist
  • 1943 – Terry Knight, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2004)
  • 1944Joe Brinkman, American baseball player and umpire
  • 1944 – Heinz-Joachim Rothenburg, German shot putter
  • 1945Steve Gadd, American drummer and percussionist[9]
  • 1946Nate Colbert, American baseball player[10]
  • 1946 – Alan Knott, English cricketer[11]
  • 1946 – Sara Parkin, Scottish activist and politician[12]
  • 1946 – David Webb, English footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1947Giovanni Andrea Cornia, Italian economist and academic
  • 1948Jaya Bachchan, Indian actress and politician
  • 1948 – Michel Parizeau, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1948 – Patty Pravo, Italian singer
  • 1949Tony Cragg, English sculptor
  • 1952Robert Clark, American author
  • 1952 – Bruce Robertson, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1952 – Tania Tsanaklidou, Greek singer and actress
  • 1953John Howard, English singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1953 – Hal Ketchum, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1953 – Stephen Paddock, American mass murderer responsible for the 2017 Las Vegas shooting (d. 2017)
  • 1954Ken Kalfus, American journalist and author
  • 1954 – Dennis Quaid, American actor
  • 1954 – Iain Duncan Smith, British soldier and politician, Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
  • 1955Yamina Benguigui, Algerian-French director and politician
  • 1955 – Joolz Denby, English poet and author
  • 1956Miguel Ángel Russo, Argentinian footballer and coach
  • 1956 – Nigel Shadbolt, English computer scientist and academic
  • 1956 – Vahur Sova, Estonian architect
  • 1956 – Marina Zoueva, Russian ice dancer and coach
  • 1957Seve Ballesteros, Spanish golfer and architect (d. 2011)
  • 1957 – Martin Margiela, Belgian fashion designer
  • 1957 – Jamie Redfern, English-born Australian television presenter and pop singer
  • 1958Tony Sibson, English boxer
  • 1958 – Nigel Slater, English food writer and author
  • 1959Bernard Jenkin, English businessman and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Defence
  • 1960Jaak Aab, Estonian educator and politician, Minister of Social Affairs of Estonia
  • 1961Mark Kelly, Irish keyboard player
  • 1961 – Kirk McCaskill, Canadian-American baseball and hockey player
  • 1962John Eaves, American production designer and illustrator
  • 1962 – Ihor Podolchak, Ukrainian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Imran Sherwani, English field hockey player
  • 1962 – Jeff Turner, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1963Marc Jacobs, American-French fashion designer
  • 1963 – Joe Scarborough, American journalist, lawyer, and politician
  • 1964Rob Awalt, German-American football player
  • 1964 – Juliet Cuthbert, Jamaican sprinter
  • 1964 – Peter Penashue, Canadian businessman and politician, 9th Canadian Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs
  • 1964 – Margaret Peterson Haddix, American author
  • 1964 – Rick Tocchet, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965Helen Alfredsson, Swedish golfer
  • 1965 – Paulina Porizkova, Czech-born Swedish-American model and actress
  • 1965 – Jeff Zucker, American businessman
  • 1966John Hammond, English weather forecaster
  • 1966 – Cynthia Nixon, American actress
  • 1967Natascha Engel, German-English translator and politician
  • 1967 – Sam Harris, American author, philosopher, and neuroscientist
  • 1968Jay Chandrasekhar, American actor, comedian, writer and director
  • 1969Barnaby Kay, English actor
  • 1969 – Linda Kisabaka, German runner
  • 1970Chorão, Brazilian singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1971Peter Canavan, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Leo Fortune-West, English footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Austin Peck, American actor
  • 1971 – Jacques Villeneuve, Canadian race car driver
  • 1972Bernard Ackah, German-Japanese martial artist and kick-boxer
  • 1972 – Siiri Vallner, Estonian architect
  • 1974Megan Connolly, Australian actress (d. 2001)
  • 1974 – Jenna Jameson, American actress and pornographic performer
  • 1975Robbie Fowler, English footballer and manager
  • 1975 – David Gordon Green, American director and screenwriter
  • 1976Kyle Peterson, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1977Gerard Way, American singer-songwriter and comic book writer
  • 1978Kousei Amano, Japanese actor
  • 1978 – Jorge Andrade, Portuguese footballer
  • 1978 – Rachel Stevens, English singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1979Jeff Reed, American football player
  • 1979 – Keshia Knight Pulliam, American actress
  • 1980Sarah Ayton, English sailor
  • 1980 – Luciano Galletti, Argentinian footballer
  • 1980 – Albert Hammond Jr., American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1981Milan Bartovič, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1981 – A. J. Ellis, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Ireneusz Jeleń, Polish footballer
  • 1981 – Dennis Sarfate, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Eric Harris, American mass murderer, responsible for the Columbine High School massacre (d. 1999)
  • 1982Jay Baruchel, Canadian actor
  • 1982 – Carlos Hernández, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1982 – Kathleen Munroe, Canadian-American actress
  • 1983Ryan Clark, Australian actor
  • 1984Habiba Ghribi, Tunisian runner[13]
  • 1984 – Adam Loewen, Canadian baseball player
  • 1984 – Óscar Razo, Mexican footballer
  • 1985Antonio Nocerino, Italian footballer
  • 1985 – David Robertson, American baseball player
  • 1986Mike Hart, American football player
  • 1986 – Leighton Meester, American actress
  • 1987Kassim Abdallah, French-Comorian footballer
  • 1987 – Graham Gano, American football player
  • 1987 – Craig Mabbitt, American singer
  • 1987 – Jesse McCartney, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1987 – Jarrod Mullen, Australian rugby league player
  • 1987 – Jazmine Sullivan, American singer-songwriter
  • 1988Michel Alves Baroni, Brazilian footballer
  • 1988 – Jeremy Metcalfe, English racing driver
  • 1989Danielle Kahle, American figure skater
  • 1990Kristen Stewart, American actress
  • 1990 – Ryan Williams, American football player
  • 1991Gai Assulin, Israeli footballer[14]
  • 1991 – Ryan Kelly, American basketball player
  • 1991 – Mary Killman, American synchronized swimmer
  • 1992Joshua Ledet, American singer
  • 1994Joey Pollari, American actor
  • 1995Domagoj Bošnjak, Croatian basketball player
  • 1995 – Robert Bauer, German-Kazakhstani footballer
  • 1995 – Demi Vermeulen, Dutch Paralympic equestrian[15]
  • 1996Jayden Brailey, Australian rugby league player[16]
  • 1996 – Giovani Lo Celso, Argentinian international footballer, midfielder[17]
  • 1998Elle Fanning, American actress[18]
  • 1999Montero Lamar Hill, American rapper[19]
  • 2000Jackie Evancho, American singer[20]

Deaths

  • 585 BCJimmu, emperor of Japan (b. 711 BC)
  • AD 93Yuan An, Chinese scholar and politician
  • 436Tan Daoji, Chinese general and politician
  • 491Zeno, emperor of the Byzantine Empire (b. 425)
  • 682Maslama ibn Mukhallad al-Ansari, Egyptian politician, Governor of Egypt (b. 616)
  • 715Constantine, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 664)
  • 1024Benedict VIII, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 980)
  • 1137William X, duke of Aquitaine (b. 1099)
  • 1241Henry II, High Duke of Poland (b. 1196)
  • 1283Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway (b. 1261)
  • 1327Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland, Scottish nobleman (ca. 1296)
  • 1483Edward IV, king of England (b. 1442)
  • 1484Edward of Middleheim, prince of Wales (b. 1473)
  • 1550Alqas Mirza, Safavid prince (b. 1516)[21]
  • 1553François Rabelais, French monk and scholar (b. 1494)
  • 1557Mikael Agricola, Finnish priest and scholar (b. 1510)
  • 1626Francis Bacon, English jurist and politician, Attorney General for England and Wales (b. 1561)
  • 1654Matei Basarab, Romanian prince (b. 1588)
  • 1693Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French author (b. 1618)
  • 1747Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat, Scottish soldier and politician (b. 1667)
  • 1754Christian Wolff, German philosopher and academic (b. 1679)
  • 1761William Law, English priest and theologian (b. 1686)
  • 1768Sarah Fielding, English author (b. 1710)
  • 1804Jacques Necker, Swiss-French politician, Chief Minister to the French Monarch (b. 1732)
  • 1806William V, stadtholder of the Dutch Republic (b. 1748)
  • 1872Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (b. 1794)
  • 1876Charles Goodyear, American lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1804)
  • 1882Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English poet and painter (b. 1828)
  • 1889Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist and academic (b. 1786)
  • 1909Helena Modjeska, Polish-American actress (b. 1840)
  • 1915Raymond Whittindale, English rugby player (b. 1883)
  • 1917James Hope Moulton, English philologist and scholar (b. 1863)
  • 1922Hans Fruhstorfer, German entomologist and explorer (b. 1866)
  • 1926Zip the Pinhead, American freak show performer (b. 1857)
  • 1936Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1855)
  • 1940Mrs Patrick Campbell, English actress (b. 1865)
  • 1944Yevgeniya Rudneva, Ukrainian lieutenant and pilot (b. 1920)
  • 1945Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German pastor and theologian (b. 1906)
  • 1945 – Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral (b. 1887)
  • 1945 – Johann Georg Elser, German carpenter (b. 1903)
  • 1945 – Hans Oster, German general (b. 1887)
  • 1945 – Karl Sack, German lawyer and jurist (b. 1896)
  • 1945 – Hans von Dohnányi, Austrian-German lawyer and jurist (b. 1902)
  • 1948George Carpenter, Australian 5th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1872)
  • 1948 – Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian lawyer and politician, 16th Colombian Minister of National Education (b. 1903)
  • 1951Vilhelm Bjerknes, Norwegian physicist and meteorologist (b. 1862)
  • 1953Eddie Cochems, American football player and coach (b. 1877)
  • 1953 – C. E. M. Joad, English philosopher and television host (b. 1891)
  • 1953 – Hans Reichenbach, German philosopher from the Vienna Circle (b. 1891)
  • 1959Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect, designed the Price Tower and Fallingwater (b. 1867)
  • 1961Zog I of Albania (b. 1895)
  • 1963Eddie Edwards, American trombonist (b. 1891)
  • 1963 – Xul Solar, Argentinian painter and sculptor (b. 1887)
  • 1970Gustaf Tenggren, Swedish-American illustrator and animator (b. 1896)
  • 1976Dagmar Nordstrom, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1976 – Phil Ochs, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1940)
  • 1976 – Renato Petronio, Italian rower (b. 1891)
  • 1978Clough Williams-Ellis, English-Welsh architect, designed Portmeirion (b. 1883)
  • 1980Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr, Iraqi cleric and philosopher (b. 1935)
  • 1982Wilfrid Pelletier, Canadian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1896)
  • 1988Brook Benton, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1931)
  • 1988 – Hans Berndt, German footballer (b. 1913)
  • 1988 – Dave Prater, American singer (b. 1937)
  • 1991Forrest Towns, American hurdler and coach (b. 1914)
  • 1993Joseph B. Soloveitchik, American rabbi and philosopher (b. 1903)
  • 1996Richard Condon, American author and publicist (b. 1915)
  • 1997Mae Boren Axton, American singer-songwriter (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Helene Hanff, American author and screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 1998Tom Cora, American cellist and composer (b. 1953)
  • 1999Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, Nigerien general and politician, President of Niger (b. 1949)
  • 2001Willie Stargell, American baseball player and coach (b. 1940)
  • 2002Pat Flaherty, American race car driver (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Leopold Vietoris, Austrian soldier, mathematician, and academic (b. 1891)
  • 2003Jerry Bittle, American cartoonist (b. 1949)
  • 2006Billy Hitchcock, American baseball player, coach, manager (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Vilgot Sjöman, Swedish director and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2007Egon Bondy, Czech philosopher and poet (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer and academic (b. 1907)
  • 2009Nick Adenhart, American baseball player (b. 1986)
  • 2010Zoltán Varga, Hungarian footballer and manager (b. 1945)
  • 2011Zakariya Rashid Hassan al-Ashiri, Bahraini journalist (b. 1971)
  • 2011 – Sidney Lumet, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2012Malcolm Thomas, Welsh rugby player and cricketer (b. 1929)
  • 2013David Hayes, American sculptor and painter (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Greg McCrary, American football player (b. 1952)
  • 2013 – Mordechai Mishani, Israeli lawyer and politician (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – McCandlish Phillips, American journalist and author (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Paolo Soleri, Italian-American architect, designed the Cosanti (b. 1919)
  • 2014Gil Askey, American trumpet player, composer, and producer (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Chris Banks, American football player (b. 1973)
  • 2014 – Rory Ellinger, American lawyer and politician (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Norman Girvan, Jamaican economist, academic, and politician (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Aelay Narendra, Indian politician (b. 1946)
  • 2014 – A. N. R. Robinson, Trinbagonian politician, 3rd President of Trinidad and Tobago (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Svetlana Velmar-Janković, Serbian author (b. 1933)
  • 2015Paul Almond, Canadian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Margaret Rule, British marine archaeologist (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Nina Companeez, French director and screenwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Alexander Dalgarno, English physicist and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Ivan Doig, American journalist and author (b. 1939)
  • 2015 – Tsien Tsuen-hsuin, Chinese-American academic (b. 1909)
  • 2016Duane Clarridge, American spy (b. 1932)
  • 2016 – Will Smith, American football player (b. 1981)
  • 2017John Clarke, New Zealand-Australian comedian, writer, and satirist (b. 1948)

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Dietrich Bonhoeffer (Anglicanism, Lutheranism)
    • Gaucherius
    • Materiana
    • Waltrude
    • April 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Anniversary of the German Invasion of Denmark (Denmark)
  • Baghdad Liberation Day (Iraqi Kurdistan)
  • Bataan Day or Araw ng Kagitingan (Philippines)
  • Constitution Day (Kosovo)
  • Day of National Unity (Georgia)
  • Day of the Finnish Language (Finland)
  • Feast of the Second Day of the Writing of the Book of the Law (Thelema)
  • Martyr's Day (Tunisia)
  • National Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day (United States)
  • Remembrance for Haakon Sigurdsson (The Troth)
  • Vimy Ridge Day (Canada)

References

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  8. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/obituaries/harris-wofford-civil-rights-activist-who-helped-kennedy-win-the-white-house-dies-at-92/2019/01/22/026fe870-1e09-11e9-9145-3f74070bbdb9_story.html
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External links

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