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Events

  • 451Attila the Hun sacks the town of Metz and attacks other cities in Gaul.
  • 529 – First draft of the Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I.
  • 611 – Maya king Uneh Chan of Calakmul sacks rival city-state Palenque in southern Mexico.
  • 1141Empress Matilda became the first female ruler of England, adopting the title 'Lady of the English'.
  • 1348Charles University is founded in Prague.
  • 1521Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Cebu.
  • 1541Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies.
  • 1724 – Premiere performance of Johann Sebastian Bach's St John Passion, BWV 245, at St. Nicholas Church, Leipzig.
  • 1767 – End of Burmese–Siamese War (1765–67).
  • 1776Captain John Barry and the Template:Ship captures the Edward.
  • 1788American pioneers to the Northwest Territory establish Marietta, Ohio as the first permanent American settlement in the Northwest Territory.
  • 1789Selim III became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.
  • 1798 – The Mississippi Territory is organized from disputed territory claimed by both the United States and Spain. It is expanded in 1804 and again in 1812.
  • 1805Lewis and Clark Expedition: The Corps of Discovery breaks camp among the Mandan tribe and resumes its journey West along the Missouri River.
  • 1805 – German composer Ludwig van Beethoven premiered his Third Symphony, at the Theater an der Wien in Vienna.
  • 1827John Walker, an English chemist, sells the first friction match that he had invented the previous year.
  • 1829Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, commences translation of the Book of Mormon, with Oliver Cowdery as his scribe.
  • 1831 – Emperor Pedro I of Brazil resigns. He goes to his native Portugal to become King Pedro IV.
  • 1862American Civil War: The Union's Army of the Tennessee and the Army of the Ohio defeat the Confederate Army of Mississippi near Shiloh, Tennessee.
  • 1868Thomas D'Arcy McGee, one of the Canadian Fathers of Confederation, is assassinated by a Fenian activist.
  • 1890 – Completion of the first Lake Biwa Canal.
  • 1906Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
  • 1906 – The Algeciras Conference gives France and Spain control over Morocco.
  • 1922 – The United States Secretary of the Interior leases federal petroleum reserves to private oil companies on excessively generous terms.
  • 1927 – The first long-distance public television broadcast (from Washington, D.C., to New York City, displaying the image of Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover).
  • 1933Prohibition in the United States is repealed for beer of no more than 3.2% alcohol by weight, eight months before the ratification of the XXI amendment. (Now celebrated as National Beer Day in the United States.)
  • 1940Booker T. Washington becomes the first African American to be depicted on a United States postage stamp.
  • 1943The Holocaust in Ukraine: In Terebovlia, Germans order 1,100 Jews to undress and march through the city to the nearby village of Plebanivka, where they are shot and buried in ditches.
  • 1943 – Ioannis Rallis becomes collaborationist Prime Minister of Greece during the Axis Occupation.
  • 1945World War II: The battleship Yamato, one of the two largest ever constructed, is sunk by American aircraft during Operation Ten-Go.
  • 1945 – World War II: Visoko is liberated by the 7th, 9th, and 17th Krajina brigades from the Tenth division of Yugoslav Partisan forces.
  • 1948 – The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations.
  • 1949 – The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical South Pacific opened on Broadway; it would run for 1,925 performances and win ten Tony Awards.
  • 1954 – United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower gives his "domino theory" speech during a news conference.
  • 1955Winston Churchill resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom amid indications of failing health.
  • 1964IBM announces the System/360.
  • 1964 – A bulldozer kills Rev. Bruce W. Klunder, a civil rights activist, during a school segregation protest in Cleveland, Ohio, sparking a riot.
  • 1965 – Representatives of the National Congress of American Indians testify before members of the US Senate against the termination of the Colville tribe in Washington DC.[1]
  • 1968 – Motor racing world champion Jim Clark is killed in an accident during a Formula Two race at Hockenheim.
  • 1969 – The Internet's symbolic birth date: Publication of RFC 1.
  • 1971 – President Richard Nixon announces his decision to quicken the pace of Vietnamization.
  • 1976 – Member of Parliament and suspected spy John Stonehouse resigns from the Labour Party (UK) after being arrested for faking his own death.
  • 1977 – German Federal prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by two Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light.
  • 1978 – Development of the neutron bomb is canceled by President Jimmy Carter.
  • 1980 – During the Iran hostage crisis, the United States severs relations with Iran.
  • 1983 – During STS-6, astronauts Story Musgrave and Don Peterson perform the first Space Shuttle spacewalk.
  • 1989Soviet submarine Komsomolets sinks in the Barents Sea off the coast of Norway killing 42 sailors.
  • 1990Iran–Contra affair: John Poindexter is found guilty of five charges for his part in the scandal (the conviction is later reversed on appeal).
  • 1990 – A fire breaks out on the passenger ferry Scandinavian Star, killing 159 people.
  • 1994Rwandan genocide: Massacres of Tutsis begin in Kigali, Rwanda.
  • 1994 – Auburn Calloway attempts to destroy Federal Express Flight 705 in order to allow his family to benefit from his life insurance policy.
  • 1995First Chechen War: Russian paramilitary troops begin a massacre of civilians in Samashki, Chechnya.
  • 1999 – The World Trade Organization rules in favor of the United States in its long-running trade dispute with the European Union over bananas.
  • 2001Mars Odyssey is launched.
  • 2003 – U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein's regime falls two days later.
  • 2009 – Former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori is sentenced to 25 years in prison for ordering killings and kidnappings by security forces.
  • 2009 – Mass protests begin across Moldova under the belief that results from the parliamentary election are fraudulent.
  • 2017 – A man deliberately drives a hijacked truck into a crowd of people, killing five people and injuring fifteen others.

Births

  • 1206Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1253)
  • 1330John, 3rd Earl of Kent, English nobleman (d. 1352)
  • 1470Edward Stafford, 2nd Earl of Wiltshire (d. 1498)
  • 1506Francis Xavier, Spanish missionary and saint, co-founded the Society of Jesus (d. 1552)
  • 1539Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter and illustrator (d. 1584)
  • 1613Gerrit Dou, Dutch painter (d. 1675)
  • 1644François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy, French general (d. 1730)
  • 1648John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English poet and politician, Lord President of the Council (d. 1721)
  • 1652Pope Clement XII (d. 1740)
  • 1713Nicola Sala, Italian composer and theorist (d. 1801)
  • 1718Hugh Blair, Scottish minister and author (d. 1800)
  • 1727Michel Adanson, French botanist, entomologist, and mycologist (d. 1806)
  • 1763Domenico Dragonetti, Italian bassist and composer (d. 1846)
  • 1770William Wordsworth, English poet (d. 1850)
  • 1772Charles Fourier, French philosopher and author (d. 1837)
  • 1780William Ellery Channing, American preacher and theologian (d. 1842)
  • 1803James Curtiss, American journalist and politician, 11th Mayor of Chicago (d. 1859)
  • 1803 – Flora Tristan, French author and activist (d. 1844)
  • 1811Hasan Tahsini, Albanian astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher (d. 1881)
  • 1817Francesco Selmi, Italian chemist and patriot (d. 1881)
  • 1848Randall Davidson, Scottish archbishop (d. 1930)
  • 1859Walter Camp, American football player and coach (d. 1925)
  • 1860Will Keith Kellogg, American businessman, founded the Kellogg Company (d. 1951)
  • 1867Holger Pedersen, Danish linguist and academic (d. 1953)
  • 1870Gustav Landauer, Jewish-German theorist and activist (d. 1919)
  • 1871Epifanio de los Santos, Filipino jurist, historian, and scholar (d. 1927)
  • 1873John McGraw, American baseball player and manager (d. 1934)
  • 1874Frederick Carl Frieseke, German-American painter (d. 1939)
  • 1876Fay Moulton, American sprinter, football player, coach, and lawyer (d. 1945)
  • 1882Bert Ironmonger, Australian cricketer (d. 1971)
  • 1882 – Kurt von Schleicher, German general and politician, 23rd Chancellor of Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1883Gino Severini, Italian-French painter and author (d. 1966)
  • 1884Clement Smoot, American golfer (d. 1963)
  • 1886Ed Lafitte, American baseball player and soldier (d. 1971)
  • 1889Gabriela Mistral, Chilean poet and educator, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1890Paul Berth, Danish footballer (d. 1969)
  • 1890 – Marjory Stoneman Douglas, American journalist and activist (d. 1998)
  • 1891Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish businessman, founded the Lego Group (d. 1958)
  • 1893Allen Dulles, American lawyer and diplomat, 5th Director of Central Intelligence (d. 1969)
  • 1895John Flannagan, American soldier and sculptor (d. 1942)
  • 1895 – Margarete Schön, German actress (d. 1985)
  • 1896Frits Peutz, Dutch architect, designed the Glaspaleis (d. 1974)
  • 1897Erich Löwenhardt, Polish-German lieutenant and pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1897Walter Winchell, American journalist and radio host (d. 1972)
  • 1899Robert Casadesus, French pianist and composer (d. 1972)
  • 1900Adolf Dymsza, Polish actor (d. 1975)
  • 1900 – Tebbs Lloyd Johnson, English race walker (d. 1984)
  • 1902Eduard Eelma, Estonian footballer (d. 1941)
  • 1903M. Balasundaram, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. 1965)
  • 1903 – Edwin T. Layton, American admiral (d. 1984)
  • 1904Roland Wilson, Australian economist and statistician (d. 1996)
  • 1908Percy Faith, Canadian composer, conductor, and bandleader (d. 1976)
  • 1908 – Pete Zaremba, American hammer thrower (d. 1994)
  • 1909Robert Charroux, French author and critic (d. 1978)
  • 1913Louise Currie, American actress (d. 2013)
  • 1913 – Charles Vanik, American soldier, judge, and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1914Ralph Flanagan, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1995)
  • 1915Stanley Adams, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1977)
  • 1915 – Billie Holiday, American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 1959)
  • 1915 – Henry Kuttner, American author (d. 1958)
  • 1916Anthony Caruso, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1917R. G. Armstrong, American actor and playwright (d. 2012)
  • 1918Bobby Doerr, American baseball player and coach (d. 2017)
  • 1919Roger Lemelin, Canadian author and screenwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Edoardo Mangiarotti, Italian fencer (d. 2012)
  • 1920Ravi Shankar, Indian-American sitar player and composer (d. 2012)
  • 1921Feza Gürsey, Turkish mathematician and physicist (d. 1992)
  • 1922Mongo Santamaría, Cuban-American drummer (d. 2003)
  • 1924Johannes Mario Simmel, Austrian-English author and screenwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1925Chaturanan Mishra, Indian trade union leader and politician (d. 2011)
  • 1925 – Jan van Roessel, Dutch footballer (d. 2011)
  • 1927Babatunde Olatunji, Nigerian-American drummer, educator, and activist (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Leonid Shcherbakov, Russian triple jumper
  • 1928James Garner, American actor, singer, and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Alan J. Pakula, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1928 – James White, Northern Irish author and educator (d. 1999)
  • 1929Bob Denard, French soldier (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Joe Gallo, American gangster (d. 1972)
  • 1930Jane Priestman, English interior designer
  • 1930 – Yves Rocher, French businessman, founded the Yves Rocher Company (d. 2009)
  • 1930 – Andrew Sachs, German-English actor and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1930 – Roger Vergé, French chef and restaurateur (d. 2015)
  • 1931Donald Barthelme, American short story writer and novelist (d. 1989)
  • 1931 – Daniel Ellsberg, American activist and author
  • 1932Cal Smith, American singer and guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1933Wayne Rogers, American actor, investor, and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1933 – Sakıp Sabancı, Turkish businessman and philanthropist (d. 2004)
  • 1934Ian Richardson, Scottish-English actor (d. 2007)
  • 1935Bobby Bare, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1935 – Hodding Carter III, American journalist and politician, Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs
  • 1937Charlie Thomas, American singer
  • 1938Jerry Brown, American lawyer and politician, 34th and 39th Governor of California
  • 1938 – Spencer Dryden, American drummer (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Freddie Hubbard, American trumpet player and composer (d. 2008)
  • 1938 – Iris Johansen, American author
  • 1939Francis Ford Coppola, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1939 – David Frost, English journalist and game show host (d. 2013)
  • 1939 – Gary Kellgren, American record producer, co-founded Record Plant (d. 1977)
  • 1939 – Brett Whiteley, Australian painter (d. 1992)
  • 1940Marju Lauristin, Estonian academic and politician, 1st Estonian Minister of Social Affairs
  • 1941James Di Pasquale, American composer
  • 1941 – Peter Fluck, English puppet maker and illustrator
  • 1941 – Cornelia Frances, English-Australian actress (d. 2018)
  • 1941 – Gorden Kaye, English actor (d. 2017)
  • 1942Jeetendra, Indian actor, TV and film producer
  • 1943Mick Abrahams, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – Dennis Amiss, English cricketer and manager
  • 1944Shel Bachrach, American insurance broker, investor, businessman and philanthropist
  • 1944 – Warner Fusselle, American sportscaster (d. 2012)
  • 1944 – Oshik Levi, Israeli singer and actor
  • 1944 – Julia Phillips, American film producer and author (d. 2002)
  • 1944 – Gerhard Schröder, German lawyer and politician, 7th Chancellor of Germany
  • 1944 – Bill Stoneman, American baseball player and manager
  • 1945Megas, Icelandic singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – Gerry Cottle, English businessman
  • 1945 – Marilyn Friedman, American philosopher and academic
  • 1945 – Martyn Lewis, Welsh journalist and author
  • 1945 – Joël Robuchon, French chef and author (d. 2018)
  • 1945 – Werner Schroeter, German director and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1945 – Hans van Hemert, Dutch songwriter and producer
  • 1946Zaid Abdul-Aziz, American basketball player
  • 1946 – Colette Besson, French runner and educator (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Herménégilde Chiasson, Canadian poet, playwright, and politician, 29th Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick
  • 1946 – Dimitrij Rupel, Slovenian politician and diplomate
  • 1946 – Stan Winston, American special effects designer and makeup artist (d. 2008)
  • 1947Patricia Bennett, American singer
  • 1947 – Florian Schneider, German singer and drummer (d. 2020)
  • 1947 – Michèle Torr, French singer and author
  • 1948John Oates, American singer-songwriter guitarist, and producer
  • 1949Mitch Daniels, American academic and politician, 49th Governor of Indiana
  • 1950Brian J. Doyle, American press secretary
  • 1951Bruce Gary, American drummer (d. 2006)
  • 1951 – Janis Ian, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952David Baulcombe, English geneticist and academic
  • 1952 – Jane Frederick, American hurdler and heptathlete
  • 1952 – Gilles Valiquette, Canadian actor, singer, and producer
  • 1952 – Dennis Hayden, American actor
  • 1953Santa Barraza, American mixed media artist[2]
  • 1953 – Douglas Kell, English biochemist and academic
  • 1954Jackie Chan, Hong Kong martial artist, actor, stuntman, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1954 – Tony Dorsett, American football player
  • 1955Tim Cochran, American mathematician and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1955 – Gregg Jarrett, American lawyer and journalist
  • 1956Annika Billström, Swedish businesswoman and politician, 16th Mayor of Stockholm
  • 1956 – Christopher Darden, American lawyer and author
  • 1956 – Georg Werthner, Austrian decathlete
  • 1957Kim Kap-soo, South Korean actor
  • 1957 – Thelma Walker, British politician
  • 1958Brian Haner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958 – Hindrek Kesler, Estonian architect
  • 1960Buster Douglas, American boxer and actor
  • 1960 – Sandy Powell, English costume designer
  • 1961Thurl Bailey, American basketball player and actor
  • 1961 – Pascal Olmeta, French footballer
  • 1961 – Brigitte van der Burg, Tanzanian-Dutch geographer and politician
  • 1962Jon Cruddas, English lawyer and politician
  • 1962 – Andrew Hampsten, American cyclist
  • 1963Jaime de Marichalar, Spanish businessman
  • 1963 – Nick Herbert, English businessman and politician, Minister for Policing
  • 1963 – Dave Johnson, American decathlete and educator
  • 1964Jace Alexander, American actor and director
  • 1964 – Russell Crowe, New Zealand-Australian actor
  • 1964 – Steve Graves, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965Bill Bellamy, American comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1965 – Rozalie Hirs, Dutch composer and poet
  • 1965 – Alison Lapper, English painter and photographer
  • 1965 – Nenad Vučinić, Serbian-New Zealand basketball player and coach
  • 1966Richard Gomez, Filipino actor and politician
  • 1966 – Zvika Hadar, Israeli entertainer
  • 1966 – Béla Mavrák, Hungarian tenor singer
  • 1966 – Gary Wilkinson, English snooker player
  • 1967Artemis Gounaki, Greek-German singer-songwriter
  • 1967 – Bodo Illgner, German footballer
  • 1967 – Simone Schilder, Dutch tennis player
  • 1968Duncan Armstrong, Australian swimmer and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Jennifer Lynch, American actress, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Jože Možina, Slovenian historian, sociologist and journalist
  • 1968 – Vasiliy Sokov, Russian triple jumper
  • 1969Ricky Watters, American football player
  • 1970Leif Ove Andsnes, Norwegian pianist and educator
  • 1971Guillaume Depardieu, French actor (d. 2008)
  • 1971 – Victor Kraatz, German-Canadian figure skater
  • 1972Tim Peake, British astronaut
  • 1973Marco Delvecchio, Italian footballer
  • 1973 – Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, Dutch lawyer and politician, Dutch Minister of Defence
  • 1973 – Carole Montillet, French skier
  • 1973 – Christian O'Connell, British radio DJ and presenter
  • 1973 – Brett Tomko, American baseball player
  • 1975Karin Dreijer Andersson, Swedish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1975 – Ronde Barber, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1975 – Tiki Barber, American football player and journalist
  • 1975 – Ronnie Belliard, American baseball player
  • 1975 – John Cooper, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1975 – Simon Woolford, Australian rugby league player
  • 1976Kevin Alejandro, American actor and producer
  • 1976 – Martin Buß, German high jumper
  • 1976 – Jessica Lee, English lawyer and politician
  • 1976 – Aaron Lohr, American actor
  • 1976 – Barbara Jane Reams, American actress
  • 1976 – Gang Qiang, Chinese anchor
  • 1978Jo Appleby, English soprano
  • 1978 – Duncan James, English singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1978 – Lilia Osterloh, American tennis player
  • 1979Adrián Beltré, Dominican-American baseball player
  • 1979 – Patrick Crayton, American football player
  • 1979 – Pascal Dupuis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Danny Sandoval, Venezuelan-American baseball player
  • 1980Dragan Bogavac, Montenegrin footballer
  • 1980 – Tetsuji Tamayama, Japanese actor
  • 1981Hitoe Arakaki, Japanese singer
  • 1981Kazuki Watanabe, Japanese songwriter and guitarist (d. 2000)
  • 1981 – Vanessa Olivarez, American singer-songwriter, and actress
  • 1981 – Suzann Pettersen, Norwegian golfer
  • 1982Silvana Arias, Peruvian actress
  • 1982 – Sonjay Dutt, American wrestler
  • 1982 – Kelli Young, English singer
  • 1983Hamish Davidson, Australian musician
  • 1983 – Franck Ribéry, French footballer
  • 1983 – Jon Stead, English footballer
  • 1983 – Jakub Smrž, Czech motorcycle rider
  • 1983 – Janar Talts, Estonian basketball player
  • 1984Hiroko Shimabukuro, Japanese singer
  • 1985KC Concepcion, Filipino actress and singer
  • 1985 – Humza Yousaf, Scottish politician
  • 1986Brooke Brodack, American comedian
  • 1986 – Jack Duarte, Mexican actor, singer, and guitarist
  • 1986 – Andi Fraggs, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1986 – Christian Fuchs, Austrian footballer
  • 1987Martín Cáceres, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1987 – Eelco Sintnicolaas, Dutch decathlete
  • 1987 – Jamar Smith, American football player
  • 1988Antonio Piccolo, Italian footballer
  • 1988 – Ed Speleers, English actor and producer
  • 1989Alexa Demara, American actress, model and writer[3]
  • 1989 – Franco Di Santo, Argentinian footballer
  • 1989 – Mitchell Pearce, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Teddy Riner, French judoka
  • 1990Nickel Ashmeade, Jamaican sprinter[4]
  • 1990 – Anna Bogomazova, Russian-American kick-boxer, martial artist, and wrestler
  • 1990 – Sorana Cîrstea, Romanian tennis player
  • 1990 – Trent Cotchin, Australian footballer
  • 1991Luka Milivojević, Serbian footballer
  • 1991 – Anne-Marie, English singer-songwriter
  • 1992Andreea Acatrinei, Romanian gymnast
  • 1992 – Guilherme Negueba, Brazilian footballer
  • 1993Ichinojō Takashi, Mongolian sumo wrestler
  • 1994Johanna Allik, Estonian figure skater
  • 1994 – Aaron Gray, Australian rugby league player
  • 1996Emerson Hyndman, American international soccer player[5]
  • 1997Rafaela Gómez, Ecuadorian tennis player

Deaths

  • AD 30Jesus Christ, (possible date of the crucifixion)[6][7][8] (b. circa 4 BC)
  • 821George the Standard-Bearer, archbishop of Mytilene (b. c. 776)
  • 924Berengar I of Italy (b. 845)
  • 1206Frederick I, Duke of Lorraine
  • 1340Bolesław Jerzy II of Mazovia (b. 1308)
  • 1498Charles VIII of France (b. 1470)
  • 1499Galeotto I Pico, Duke of Mirandola (b. 1442)
  • 1501Minkhaung II, king of Ava (b. 1446)
  • 1606Edward Oldcorne, English martyr (b. 1561)
  • 1614El Greco, Greek-Spanish painter and sculptor (b. 1541)
  • 1638Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese daimyō (b. 1576)
  • 1651Lennart Torstensson, Swedish field marshal and engineer (b. 1603)
  • 1658Juan Eusebio Nieremberg, Spanish mystic and philosopher (b. 1595)
  • 1661Sir William Brereton, 1st Baronet, English commander and politician (b. 1604)
  • 1663Francis Cooke, English-American settler (b. 1583)
  • 1668William Davenant, English poet and playwright (b. 1606)
  • 1719Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, French priest and saint, founded the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (b. 1651)
  • 1739Dick Turpin, English criminal (b. 1705)
  • 1747Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (b. 1676)
  • 1761Thomas Bayes, English minister and mathematician (b. 1701)
  • 1766Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch philologist and critic (b. 1685)
  • 1767Franz Sparry, Austrian composer and director (b. 1715)
  • 1782Taksin, Thai king (b. 1734)
  • 1789Abdul Hamid I, Ottoman sultan (b. 1725)
  • 1789Petrus Camper, Dutch physician, anatomist, and physiologist (b. 1722)
  • 1801Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer and author (b. 1724)
  • 1804Toussaint Louverture, Haitian general (b. 1743)
  • 1811Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (b. 1757)
  • 1823Jacques Charles, French physicist and mathematician (b. 1746)
  • 1833Antoni Radziwiłł, Lithuanian composer and politician (b. 1775)
  • 1836William Godwin, English journalist and author (b. 1756)
  • 1849Pedro Ignacio de Castro Barros, Argentinian priest and politician (b. 1777)
  • 1850William Lisle Bowles, English poet and critic (b. 1762)
  • 1858Anton Diabelli, Austrian composer and publisher (b. 1781)
  • 1868Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Irish-Canadian journalist, activist, and politician (b. 1825)
  • 1879Begum Hazrat Mahal, Begum of Awadh, was the second wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah (b. 1820)
  • 1885Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist and zoologist (b. 1804)
  • 1889Youssef Bey Karam,[9] Lebanese soldier and politician (b. 1823)
  • 1889 – Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada, Mexican politician and president, 1872-1876 (b. 1823)[10]
  • 1891P. T. Barnum, American businessman and politician, co-founded The Barnum & Bailey Circus (b. 1810)
  • 1917Spyridon Samaras, Greek composer and playwright (b. 1861)
  • 1918David Kolehmainen, Finnish wrestler (b. 1885)
  • 1918 – George E. Ohr, American potter (b. 1857)
  • 1920Karl Binding, German lawyer and jurist (b. 1841)
  • 1922James McGowen, Australian politician, 18th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1855)
  • 1928Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician, philosopher, and author (b. 1873)
  • 1932Grigore Constantinescu, Romanian priest and journalist (b. 1875)
  • 1938Suzanne Valadon, French painter (b. 1865)
  • 1939Joseph Lyons, Australian educator and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1879)
  • 1943Jovan Dučić, Serbian-American poet and diplomat (b. 1871)
  • 1943 – Alexandre Millerand, French lawyer and politician, 12th President of France (b. 1859)
  • 1947Henry Ford, American engineer and businessman, founded the Ford Motor Company (b. 1863)[11]
  • 1949John Gourlay, Canadian soccer player (b. 1872)
  • 1950Walter Huston, Canadian-American actor and singer (b. 1883)
  • 1955Theda Bara, American actress (b. 1885)
  • 1956Fred Appleby, English runner (b. 1879)
  • 1960Henri Guisan, Swiss general (b. 1874)
  • 1965Roger Leger, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1919)
  • 1966Walt Hansgen, American race car driver (b. 1919)
  • 1968Edwin Baker, Canadian co-founder of the Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB) (b. 1893)
  • 1968 – Jim Clark, Scottish race car driver (b. 1936)
  • 1972Joe Gallo, American gangster (b. 1929)
  • 1972 – Abeid Karume, Tanzanian politician, 1st President of Zanzibar (b. 1905)
  • 1981Kit Lambert, English record producer and manager (b. 1935)
  • 1981 – Norman Taurog, American director and screenwriter (b. 1899)
  • 1982Harald Ertl, Austrian race car driver and journalist (b. 1948)
  • 1984Frank Church, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1924)
  • 1985Carl Schmitt, German philosopher and jurist (b. 1888)
  • 1986Leonid Kantorovich, Russian mathematician and economist (b. 1912)
  • 1990Ronald Evans, American captain, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1933)
  • 1991Memduh Ünlütürk, Turkish general (b. 1913)
  • 1992Ace Bailey, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Antonis Tritsis, Greek high jumper and politician, 71st Mayor of Athens (b. 1937)
  • 1994Lee Brilleaux, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1952)
  • 1994 – Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic footballer, manager, and politician (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Golo Mann, German historian and author (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – Agathe Uwilingiyimana, Rwandan chemist, academic, and politician, Prime Minister of Rwanda (b. 1953)
  • 1995Philip Jebb, English architect and politician (b. 1927)
  • 1997Luis Aloma, Cuban-American baseball player (b. 1923)
  • 1997 – Georgy Shonin, Ukrainian-Russian general, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1935)
  • 1998Alex Schomburg, Puerto Rican-American painter and illustrator (b. 1905)
  • 1999Heinz Lehmann, German-Canadian psychiatrist and academic (b. 1911)
  • 2001David Graf, American actor (b. 1950)
  • 2001 – Beatrice Straight, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 2002John Agar, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003Cecile de Brunhoff, French pianist and author (b. 1903)
  • 2003 – David Greene, English-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2004Victor Argo, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – Konstantinos Kallias, Greek politician (b. 1901)
  • 2005Cliff Allison, English race car driver (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Grigoris Bithikotsis, Greek singer-songwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Bob Kennedy, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Melih Kibar, Turkish composer and educator (b. 1951)
  • 2007Johnny Hart, American author and illustrator (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Barry Nelson, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 2008Ludu Daw Amar, Burmese journalist and author (b. 1915)
  • 2009Dave Arneson, American game designer, co-created Dungeons & Dragons (b. 1947)
  • 2011Pierre Gauvreau, Canadian painter (b. 1922)
  • 2012Steven Kanumba, Tanzanian actor and director (b. 1984)
  • 2012 – Satsue Mito, Japanese zoologist and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2012 – Ignatius Moses I Daoud, Syrian cardinal (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – David E. Pergrin, American colonel and engineer (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Bashir Ahmed Qureshi, Pakistani politician (b. 1959)
  • 2012 – Mike Wallace, American television news journalist (b. 1918)
  • 2013Marty Blake, American businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Les Blank, American director and producer (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Andy Johns, English-American record producer (b. 1950)
  • 2013 – Lilly Pulitzer, American fashion designer (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Irma Ravinale, Italian composer and educator (b. 1937)
  • 2013 – Mickey Rose, American screenwriter (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Carl Williams, American boxer (b. 1959)
  • 2014George Dureau, American painter and photographer (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – James Alexander Green, American-English mathematician and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – V. K. Murthy, Indian cinematographer (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Zeituni Onyango, Kenyan-American computer programmer (b. 1952)
  • 2014 – John Shirley-Quirk, English opera singer (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – George Shuffler, American guitarist (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Josep Maria Subirachs, Spanish sculptor and painter (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Royce Waltman, American basketball player and coach (b. 1942)
  • 2015Tim Babcock, American soldier and politician, 16th Governor of Montana (b. 1919)
  • 2015 – José Capellán, Dominican-American baseball player (b. 1981)
  • 2015 – Stan Freberg, American puppeteer, voice actor, and singer (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Richard Henyekane, South African footballer (b. 1983)
  • 2015 – Geoffrey Lewis, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 2016Blackjack Mulligan, American professional wrestler (b. 1942)
  • 2019Seymour Cassel, American actor (b. 1935)[12]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast days:
    • Aibert of Crespin
    • Blessed Alexander Rawlins
    • Blessed Edward Oldcorne and Blessed Ralph Ashley
    • Blessed Notker the Stammerer
    • Brynach
    • Hegesippus
    • Henry Walpole
    • Hermann Joseph
    • Jean-Baptiste de La Salle
    • Patriarch Tikhon of Moscow (Eastern Orthodox Church, Episcopal Church (USA))
    • April 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Flag Day (Slovenia)
  • Genocide Memorial Day (Rwanda), and its related observance:
    • International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Rwanda Genocide (United Nations)
  • Motherhood and Beauty Day (Armenia)
  • National Beer Day (United States)
  • Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume Day (Tanzania)
  • Women's Day (Mozambique)
  • World Health Day (International observance)

References

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  6. Colin J. Humphreys and W. G. Waddington, "Dating the Crucifixion ," Nature 306 (December 22/29, 1983), pp. 743-46. [1]
  7. Colin Humphreys, The Mystery of the Last Supper Cambridge University Press 2011 ISBN: 978-0-521-73200-0, page 194
  8. Blinzler, J. Der Prozess Jesu, fourth edition, Regensburg, Pustet, 1969, pp101-126
  9. Youssef Bey Karam on Ehden Family Tree website
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External links

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