Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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2021

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On the Roman calendar, this was known as the day before the nones of April (Script error: No such module "lang".).

Events

  • 503 BCRoman consul Agrippa Menenius Lanatus celebrates a triumph for a military victory over the Sabines.
  • 1147Moscow is mentioned for the first time in the historical record, when it is named as a meeting place for two princes.[1]
  • 1268 – A five-year Byzantine–Venetian peace treaty is concluded between Venetian envoys and Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos.[2]
  • 1460Basel University is founded.
  • 1581Francis Drake is knighted for completing a circumnavigation of the world.
  • 1609Moriscos are expelled from the Kingdom of Valencia.
  • 1660Declaration of Breda by King Charles II of Great Britain promises, among other things, a general pardon to all royalists for crimes committed during the English Civil War and the Interregnum.[3]
  • 1721 – Sir Robert Walpole becomes the first British prime minister.
  • 1768 – In London, Philip Astley stages the first modern circus.
  • 1796Georges Cuvier delivers the first paleontological lecture.
  • 1814Napoleon abdicates for the first time and names his son Napoleon II as Emperor of the French.
  • 1818 – The United States Congress, affirming the Second Continental Congress, adopts the flag of the United States with 13 red and white stripes and one star for each state (20 at that time).
  • 1841William Henry Harrison dies of pneumonia, becoming the first President of the United States to die in office, and setting the record for the briefest administration. Vice President John Tyler succeeds Harrison as President.
  • 1850 – A large part of the English village of Cottenham burns to the ground in suspicious circumstances.
  • 1850 – Los Angeles is incorporated as a city.
  • 1859Bryant's Minstrels debut "Dixie" in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show.
  • 1865American Civil War: A day after Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln visits the Confederate capital.
  • 1866Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by Dmitry Karakozov in the city of Saint Petersburg.
  • 1873The Kennel Club is founded, the oldest and first official registry of purebred dogs in the world.
  • 1875Vltava, composed by Czech composer Bedřich Smetana and also known by its German name Die Moldau, premiered in Prague.
  • 1887Argonia, Kansas elects Susanna M. Salter as the first female mayor in the United States.
  • 1905 – In India, an earthquake hits the Kangra Valley, killing 20,000, and destroying most buildings in Kangra, McLeod Ganj and Dharamshala.
  • 1913First Balkan War: Greek aviator Emmanouil Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot to die in the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.
  • 1925 – The Schutzstaffel (SS) is founded under Adolf Hitler's Nazi party in Germany.
  • 1933 – U.S. Navy airship Template:Ship is wrecked off the New Jersey coast due to severe weather.
  • 1939Faisal II becomes King of Iraq.
  • 1944World War II: First bombardment of oil refineries in Bucharest by Anglo-American forces kills 3000 civilians.
  • 1945 – World War II: American troops liberate Ohrdruf forced labor camp in Germany.
  • 1945 – World War II: American troops capture Kassel.
  • 1945 – World War II: Soviet troops liberate Hungary from German occupation and occupy the country themselves.
  • 1949Cold War: Twelve nations sign the North Atlantic Treaty creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
  • 1958 – The CND peace symbol is displayed in public for the first time in London.
  • 1960France agrees to grant independence to the Mali Federation, a union of Senegal and French Sudan.
  • 1964The Beatles occupy the top five positions on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart.
  • 1965 – The first model of the new Saab Viggen fighter aircraft is unveiled.
  • 1967Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence" speech in New York City's Riverside Church.
  • 1968 – Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated by James Earl Ray at a motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • 1968 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 6.
  • 1968 – A.E.K. Athens B.C. becomes the first Greek team to win the European Basketball Cup.
  • 1969 – Dr. Denton Cooley implants the first temporary artificial heart.
  • 1973 – The Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City are officially dedicated.
  • 1973 – A Lockheed C-141 Starlifter, dubbed the Hanoi Taxi, makes the last flight of Operation Homecoming.
  • 1975Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
  • 1975 – Vietnam War: A United States Air Force Lockheed C-5A Galaxy transporting orphans, crashes near Saigon, South Vietnam shortly after takeoff, killing 172 people.
  • 1979 – Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan is executed.
  • 1981Iran–Iraq War: The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force mounts an attack on H-3 Airbase and destroys about 50 Iraqi aircraft.
  • 1983Space Shuttle program: Space Shuttle Challenger makes its maiden voyage into space.
  • 1984 – President Ronald Reagan calls for an international ban on chemical weapons.
  • 1988Governor Evan Mecham of Arizona is convicted in his impeachment trial and removed from office.
  • 1990 – The current flag of Hong Kong is adopted for post-colonial Hong Kong during the Third Session of the Seventh National People's Congress.[4]
  • 1991 – Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their airplane over an elementary school in Merion, Pennsylvania.
  • 1994Marc Andreessen and Jim Clark found Netscape Communications Corporation under the name Mosaic Communications Corporation.
  • 1996Comet Hyakutake is imaged by the USA Asteroid Orbiter Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous.
  • 2002 – The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign a peace treaty ending the Angolan Civil War.
  • 2009France announces its return to full participation of its military forces within NATO.
  • 2013 – More than 70 people are killed in a building collapse in Thane, India.
  • 2020 – China holds a National day of mourning for martyrs who died in the fight against the novel coronavirus disease outbreak.

Births

  • 188Caracalla, Roman emperor (d. 217)[5]
  • 1436Amalia of Saxony, Duchess of Bavaria-Landshut (d. 1501)
  • 1490Vojtěch I of Pernstein, Bohemian nobleman (d. 1534)
  • 1492Ambrosius Blarer, German-Swiss theologian and reformer (d. 1564)
  • 1572William Strachey, English author (d. 1621)
  • 1586Richard Saltonstall, English diplomat (d. 1661)
  • 1593Edward Nicholas, English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (d. 1669)
  • 1640Gaspar Sanz, Spanish guitarist, composer, and priest (d. 1710)
  • 1646Antoine Galland, French orientalist and archaeologist (d. 1715)[6]
  • 1648Grinling Gibbons, Dutch-English sculptor (d. 1721)
  • 1676Giuseppe Maria Orlandini, Italian composer (d. 1760)
  • 1688Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, French astronomer and cartographer (d. 1768)
  • 1718Benjamin Kennicott, English theologian and scholar (d. 1783)
  • 1752Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli, Italian composer (d. 1837)
  • 1760Juan Manuel Olivares, Venezuelan organist and composer (d. 1797)
  • 1762Stephen Storace, English actor and composer (d. 1796)
  • 1772Nachman of Breslov, Ukrainian founder of the Breslov Hasidic movement (d. 1810)
  • 1780Edward Hicks, American minister and painter (d. 1849)
  • 1785Bettina von Arnim, German author, illustrator, and composer (d. 1859)
  • 1792Thaddeus Stevens, American lawyer and politician (d. 1868)
  • 1802Dorothea Dix, American nurse and activist (d. 1887)
  • 1818Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American author and poet (d. 1883)
  • 1819Maria II of Portugal (d. 1853)
  • 1821Linus Yale, Jr., American engineer and businessman (d. 1868)
  • 1826Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer, invented the Gramme machine (d. 1901)
  • 1829Owen Suffolk, Australian bushranger, poet, confidence-man and author
  • 1835John Hughlings Jackson, English physician and neurologist (d. 1911)
  • 1842Édouard Lucas, French mathematician and theorist (d. 1891)
  • 1843William Henry Jackson, American painter and photographer (d. 1942)
  • 1846Comte de Lautréamont, Uruguayan-French poet and educator (d. 1870)
  • 1851James Campbell, 1st Baron Glenavy, Irish lawyer and politician (d. 1931)
  • 1853Remy de Gourmont, French poet, novelist, and critic (d. 1915)
  • 1868Philippa Fawcett, English mathematician and educator (d. 1948)
  • 1869Mary Colter, American architect, designed the Desert View Watchtower (d. 1958)
  • 1875Pierre Monteux, Sephardic Jewish French-American viola player and conductor (d. 1964)
  • 1876Maurice de Vlaminck, French painter and poet (d. 1958)
  • 1878Stylianos Lykoudis, Greek admiral and historian (d. 1958)
  • 1879Gustav Goßler, German rower (d. 1940)
  • 1884James Alberione, Italian priest, founded the Society of St. Paul (d. 1971)
  • 1884 – Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral (d. 1943)
  • 1886Frank Luther Mott, American historian and journalist (d. 1964)
  • 1888Tris Speaker, American baseball player and manager (d. 1958)
  • 1888 – Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish historian and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1889Makhanlal Chaturvedi, Indian journalist, poet, and playwright (d. 1968)
  • 1892Italo Mus, Italian painter (d. 1967)
  • 1895Arthur Murray, American dancer and educator (d. 1991)
  • 1896Robert E. Sherwood, American playwright and screenwriter (d. 1955)
  • 1897Pierre Fresnay, French actor and screenwriter (d. 1975)
  • 1898Agnes Ayres, American actress (d. 1940)
  • 1899Hillel Oppenheimer, German-Israeli botanist and academic (d. 1971)
  • 1902Louise Lévêque de Vilmorin, French journalist and author (d. 1969)
  • 1902 – Stanley G. Weinbaum, American author and poet (d. 1935)
  • 1905Eugène Bozza, French composer and conductor (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Erika Nõva, Estonian architect and engineer (d. 1987)
  • 1906Bea Benaderet, Turkish-Jewish Irish-American television, radio, and voice actress (d. 1968)
  • 1906 – John Cameron Swayze, American journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1907Robert Askin, Australian sergeant and politician, 32nd Premier of New South Wales (d. 1981)
  • 1910Đặng Văn Ngữ, Vietnamese physician and academic (d. 1967)
  • 1911Max Dupain, Australian photographer (d. 1992)
  • 1913Dave Brown, Australian rugby league player (d. 1974)
  • 1913 – Rosemary Lane, American actress and singer (d. 1974)
  • 1913 – Frances Langford, American actress and singer (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Jules Léger, Canadian lawyer and politician, 21st Governor General of Canada (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – Muddy Waters, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1983)
  • 1914Richard Coogan, American actor (d. 2014)
  • 1914 – Marguerite Duras, French novelist, screenwriter, and director (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – David W. Goodall, Australian ecologist and botanist (d. 2018)
  • 1915Louis Archambault, Canadian sculptor (d. 2003)
  • 1916Nikola Ljubičić, Serbian general and politician, 10th President of Serbia (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Mickey Owen, American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – David White, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1918George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe, English soldier and politician, Leader of the House of Lords (d. 2007)
  • 1920Orunamamu, American-Canadian author and educator (d. 2014)
  • 1920 – Ignatius IV of Antioch, Greek patriarch (d. 2012)
  • 1921Elizabeth Wilson, American actress (d. 2015)
  • 1922Elmer Bernstein, American composer and conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1923Peter Vaughan, English actor (d. 2016)
  • 1923 – Gene Reynolds, American actor, director, producer and screenwriter (d. 2020)
  • 1924Bob Christie, American race car driver (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Gil Hodges, American baseball player and manager (d. 1972)
  • 1925Dettmar Cramer, German footballer and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Frank Truitt, American basketball player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1925 – Claude Wagner, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 1979)
  • 1925 – Emmett Williams, American poet and author (d. 2007)
  • 1926Mildred Fay Jefferson, American physician and activist (d. 2010)
  • 1926 – Ronnie Masterson, Irish actress (d. 2014)
  • 1927Joe Orlando, Italian-American author and illustrator (d. 1998)
  • 1928Maya Angelou, American memoirist and poet (d. 2014)
  • 1928 – Estelle Harris, American actress and comedian
  • 1928 – Jimmy Logan, Scottish actor, director, and producer (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Monty Norman, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1929Humbert Allen Astredo, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1930Netty Herawaty, Indonesian actress (d. 1989)
  • 1931James Dickens, English politician (d. 2013)
  • 1931 – Bobby Ray Inman, American admiral and intelligence officer
  • 1931 – Catherine Tizard, New Zealand politician, 16th Governor-General of New Zealand
  • 1932Clive Davis, American record producer, founded Arista Records and J Records
  • 1932 – Richard Lugar, American lieutenant and politician, 44th Mayor of Indianapolis (d. 2019)
  • 1932 – Anthony Perkins, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1932 – Johanna Reiss, Dutch-American author
  • 1932 – Andrei Tarkovsky, Russian director and producer (d. 1986)
  • 1933Bill France, Jr., American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Brian Hewson, English runner
  • 1933 – Bapu Nadkarni, Indian cricketer (d. 2020)
  • 1934Helen Hanft, American actress (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – Kronid Lyubarsky, Russian journalist and activist (d. 1996)
  • 1935Geoff Braybrooke, English-New Zealand soldier and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1935 – Kenneth Mars, American actor and comedian (d. 2011)
  • 1935 – Trevor Griffiths, English playwright and educator
  • 1938A. Bartlett Giamatti, American businessman and academic (d. 1989)
  • 1939JoAnne Carner, American golfer
  • 1939 – Darlene Hooley, American educator and politician
  • 1939 – Hugh Masekela, South African trumpeter, flugelhornist, cornetist, composer, and singer (d. 2018)
  • 1940Richard Attwood, English race car driver
  • 1940 – Sharon Sheeley, American singer-songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1942Jim Fregosi, American baseball player and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Kitty Kelley, American journalist and biographer
  • 1942 – Elizabeth Levy, American author
  • 1944Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician
  • 1944 – Mary Kenny, Irish journalist, author, and playwright
  • 1944 – Bob McDill, American country music songwriter
  • 1944 – Craig T. Nelson, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1944 – Nelson Prudêncio, Brazilian triple jumper and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1944 – Toktamış Ateş, Turkish academician, political commentator, columnist and writer (d. 2013)
  • 1945Daniel Cohn-Bendit, French-German educator and politician
  • 1945 – Caroline McWilliams, American actress (d. 2010)
  • 1946Colin Coates, Australian speed skater
  • 1946 – Dave Hill, English guitarist
  • 1946 – Katsuaki Satō, Japanese martial artist and coach
  • 1946 – György Spiró, Hungarian author and playwright
  • 1946 – Bubba Wyche, American football player and coach
  • 1947Wiranto, Indonesian general and politician
  • 1947 – Ray Fosse, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1947 – Eliseo Soriano, Filipino minister and television host
  • 1948Abdullah Öcalan, Turkish activist
  • 1948 – Berry Oakley, American bass player (d. 1972)
  • 1948 – Richard Parsons, American lawyer and businessman
  • 1948 – Dan Simmons, American author
  • 1948 – Derek Thompson, Northern Irish actor
  • 1948 – Pick Withers, English drummer
  • 1949Junior Braithwaite, Jamaican-American singer (d. 1999)
  • 1949 – Shing-Tung Yau, Chinese-American mathematician and academic
  • 1950Christine Lahti, American actress and director
  • 1951John Hannah, American football player and coach
  • 1952Rosemarie Ackermann, German high jumper
  • 1952 – Pat Burns, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2010)
  • 1952 – Gregg Hansford, Australian race car driver and motorcycle racer (d. 1995)
  • 1952 – Cherie Lunghi, English actress and dancer
  • 1952 – Karen Magnussen, Canadian figure skater and coach
  • 1952 – Gary Moore, Northern Irish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1952 – Villy Søvndal, Danish educator and politician, Danish Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1953Robert Bertrand, Canadian politician
  • 1953 – Henry Fotheringham, South African cricketer
  • 1953 – Simcha Jacobovici, Canadian director, producer, journalist, and author
  • 1953 – Sammy Wilson, Northern Irish politician, 31st Lord Mayor of Belfast
  • 1953 – Chen Yi, Chinese violinist and composer
  • 1956Evelyn Hart, Canadian ballerina
  • 1956 – Tom Herr, American baseball player and manager
  • 1956 – David E. Kelley, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1957Paul Downton, English cricketer
  • 1957 – Aki Kaurismäki, Finnish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Graeme Kelling, Scottish guitarist (d. 2004)
  • 1957 – Nobuyoshi Kuwano, Japanese singer and trumpet player
  • 1958Peter Baltes, German bass player
  • 1958 – Cazuza, Brazilian singer-songwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1958 – Rodney Eade, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1959Phil Morris, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1960Jonathan Agnew, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Jane Eaglen, English soprano
  • 1960 – Hugo Weaving, Nigerian-Australian actor and producer
  • 1960 – Godknows Igali, Nigerian diplomat, civil servant and technocrat
  • 1961Hildi Santo-Tomas, American interior decorator
  • 1962Craig Adams, English bass player and songwriter
  • 1962 – Kailasho Devi, Indian social worker and politician
  • 1963A. Michael Baldwin, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Jack Del Rio, American football player and coach
  • 1963 – Dale Hawerchuk, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1963 – Jane McDonald, English singer and broadcaster
  • 1963 – Graham Norton, Irish actor and talk show host
  • 1964Branco, Brazilian footballer and coach
  • 1964 – Dr. Chud, American drummer and singer
  • 1964 – Anthony Clark, American actor
  • 1964 – David Cross, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Paul Parker, England international footballer, right-back and TV pundit[7]
  • 1964 – Đặng Thân, Vietnamese writer and poet
  • 1965Vinny Burns, English guitarist and producer
  • 1965 – Robert Downey Jr., American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966Nancy McKeon, American actress
  • 1966 – Mike Starr, American bass player (d. 2011)
  • 1966 – Christos Tsekos, Greek basketball player
  • 1967Edith Masai, Kenyan-German runner
  • 1967 – George Mavrotas, Greek water polo player and politician
  • 1968Jesús Rollán, Spanish water polo player (d. 2006)
  • 1969Piotr Anderszewski, Polish pianist and composer
  • 1969 – Karren Brady, English journalist and businesswoman
  • 1970Georgios Amanatidis, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Greg Garcia, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Barry Pepper, Canadian actor and producer
  • 1970 – Jason Stoltenberg, Australian tennis player
  • 1970 – Josh Todd, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1970 – Yelena Yelesina, Russian high jumper
  • 1971Yanic Perreault, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1971 – Malik Yusef, American actor, producer, and poet
  • 1971 – John Zandig, American wrestler and promoter
  • 1972Jim Dymock, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1972 – Jill Scott, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1972 – Magnus Sveningsson, Swedish bass player
  • 1973Chris Banks, American football player (d. 2014)
  • 1973 – David Blaine, American magician and producer
  • 1973 – Loris Capirossi, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1973 – Peter Hoekstra, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1973 – Chris McCormack, Australian triathlete and coach
  • 1973 – Kelly Price, American singer-songwriter
  • 1975Delphine Arnault, French businesswoman
  • 1975 – Thobias Fredriksson, Swedish skier
  • 1975 – Joyce Giraud, Puerto Rican-American model, television actress and producer, Miss Puerto Rico 1994
  • 1975 – Pamela Ribon, American actress, screenwriter, and author
  • 1975 – Miranda Lee Richards, American singer-songwriter
  • 1975 – Scott Rolen, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Kevin Weekes, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1976Nathan Blacklock, Australian rugby player
  • 1976 – Sébastien Enjolras, French race car driver (d. 1997)
  • 1976 – Emerson Ferreira da Rosa, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – James Roday, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1977Stephan Bonnar, American mixed martial artist
  • 1977 – Keith Bulluck, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1977 – Adam Dutkiewicz, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1977 – Stephen Mulhern, English magician and television host
  • 1977 – Omarr Smith, American football player and coach
  • 1978Jason Ellison, American baseball player and scout
  • 1978 – Alan Mahon, Irish footballer
  • 1979Heath Ledger, Australian actor (d. 2008)
  • 1979 – Roberto Luongo, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Natasha Lyonne, American actress
  • 1979 – Andy McKee, American guitarist
  • 1979 – Maksim Opalev, Russian canoeist[8]
  • 1980Johnny Borrell, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980 – Trevor Moore, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1980 – Eric Steinbach, American football player
  • 1980 – Björn Wirdheim, Swedish race car driver
  • 1981Currensy, American rapper
  • 1981 – Eduardo Luís Carloto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Casey Daigle, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Anna Pyatykh, Russian triple jumper[9]
  • 1981 – Ned Vizzini, American author and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1982Justin Cook, American voice actor and producer
  • 1982 – Magnus Lindgren, Swedish chef (d. 2012)
  • 1983Evgeny Artyukhin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Eric Andre, American comedian[10]
  • 1983 – Ben Gordon, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Doug Lynch, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Natalie Pike, Scottish-English model and actress
  • 1983 – Amanda Righetti, American actress
  • 1984Sean May, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Arkady Vyatchanin, Russian swimmer
  • 1985Rudy Fernández, Spanish basketball player
  • 1985 – Dudi Sela, Israeli tennis player
  • 1985 – Ricardo Vilar, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986Eunhyuk, South Korean singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1986 – Cameron Barker, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Maurice Manificat, French skier
  • 1986 – Aiden McGeady, Scottish-born Irish footballer
  • 1986 – Alexander Tettey, Norwegian footballer
  • 1987Sami Khedira, German footballer
  • 1987 – McDonald Mariga, Kenyan footballer
  • 1987 – Cameron Maybin, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Marcos Vellidis, Greek footballer
  • 1987 – Sarah Gadon, Canadian actress
  • 1988Frank Fielding, English footballer
  • 1989Vurnon Anita, Dutch footballer
  • 1989 – Steven Finn, English cricketer
  • 1989 – Chris Herd, Australian footballer[11]
  • 1991Yui Koike, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1991 – Justin O'Neill, Australian rugby league player
  • 1991 – Jamie Lynn Spears, American actress and singer
  • 1991 – Marlon Stöckinger, Filipino race car driver[12]
  • 1992Lucy May Barker, English actress and singer
  • 1992 – Christina Metaxa, Cypriot singer-songwriter
  • 1992 – Ricky Dillon, American youtuber and singer
  • 1993Samir Carruthers, English footballer
  • 1993 – Frank Kaminsky, American basketball player
  • 1994Shunsuke Nishikawa, Japanese actor
  • 1994 – Risako Sugaya, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1996Austin Mahone, American singer-songwriter and actor

Deaths

  • 397Ambrose, Roman archbishop and saint (b. 338)
  • 636Isidore of Seville, Spanish archbishop and saint (b. 560)
  • 814Plato of Sakkoudion, Byzantine monk and saint (b. 735)
  • 896Formosus, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 816)
  • 911Liu Yin, Chinese warlord and governor (b. 874)
  • 931Kong Xun, Chinese official and governor (b. 884)
  • 968Abu Firas al-Hamdani, Arab prince and poet (b. 932)
  • 991Reginold, bishop of Eichstätt[13]
  • 1284Alfonso X, king of Castile and León (b. 1221)
  • 1292Nicholas IV, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1227)
  • 1406Robert III, king of Scotland (b.1337)
  • 1483Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex (b. c. 1405)
  • 1536Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (b. 1460)
  • 1538Elena Glinskaya, Grand Princess and regent of Russia
  • 1588Frederick II, king of Denmark and Norway (b. 1534)
  • 1596Philip II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen (b. 1533)
  • 1609Carolus Clusius, Flemish botanist, mycologist, and academic (b. 1526)
  • 1617John Napier, Scottish mathematician, physicist, and astronomer (b. 1550)
  • 1643Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian and academic (b. 1583)
  • 1661Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish field marshal (b. 1580)
  • 1743Daniel Neal, English historian and author (b. 1678)
  • 1761Théodore Gardelle, Swiss painter (b. 1722)
  • 1766John Taylor, English librarian and scholar (b. 1704)
  • 1774Oliver Goldsmith, Irish novelist, playwright and poet (b. 1728)
  • 1792James Sykes, American lawyer and politician (b. 1725)
  • 1807Jérôme Lalande, French astronomer and academic (b. 1732)
  • 1817André Masséna, French general (b. 1758)
  • 1841William Henry Harrison, American general and politician, 9th President of the United States (b. 1773)
  • 1846Solomon Sibley, American lawyer and politician, 1st Mayor of Detroit (b. 1769)
  • 1861John McLean, American jurist and politician, 6th United States Postmaster General (b. 1785)
  • 1863Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (b. 1790)
  • 1864Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American commander and paleontologist (b. 1808)
  • 1870Heinrich Gustav Magnus, German chemist and physicist (b. 1802)
  • 1874Charles Ernest Beulé, French archaeologist and politician (b. 1826)
  • 1875Karl Mauch, German geographer and explorer (b. 1837)
  • 1878Richard M. Brewer, American criminal (b. 1850)
  • 1879Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, German physicist and meteorologist (b. 1803)
  • 1883Peter Cooper, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Cooper Union (b. 1791)
  • 1890Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, Canadian lawyer and politician, 1st Premier of Quebec (b. 1820)
  • 1890 – Edmond Hébert, French geologist and academic (b. 1812)
  • 1912Charles Brantley Aycock, American lawyer and politician, 50th Governor of North Carolina (b. 1859)
  • 1912 – Isaac K. Funk, American minister, lexicographer, and publisher, co-founded Funk & Wagnalls (b. 1839)
  • 1919William Crookes, English chemist and physicist (b. 1832)
  • 1919 – Francisco Marto, Portuguese saint (b. 1908)
  • 1923John Venn, English mathematician and philosopher, created the Venn diagram (b. 1834)
  • 1929Karl Benz, German engineer and businessman, founded Mercedes-Benz (b. 1844)
  • 1931André Michelin, French businessman, co-founded the Michelin Tyre Company (b. 1853)
  • 1932Wilhelm Ostwald, Latvian-German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
  • 1933Elizabeth Bacon Custer, American author and educator (b. 1842)
  • 1941Emine Nazikedâ Kadınefendi, the first wife and chief consort of Sultan Mehmed VI (b. 1866)
  • 1944 - Morris H. Whitehouse, American architect (b. 1878)[14]
  • 1951George Albert Smith, American religious leader, 8th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1870)
  • 1953Carol II of Romania (b. 1893)
  • 1957E. Herbert Norman, Canadian historian and diplomat (b. 1909)
  • 1958Johnny Stompanato, American soldier and bodyguard (b. 1925)
  • 1961Harald Riipalu, Estonian military commander (b. 1912)
  • 1961 – Simion Stoilow, Romanian mathematician and academic (b. 1873)
  • 1967Al Lewis, American songwriter (b. 1901)
  • 1967 – Héctor Scarone, Uruguayan footballer and manager (b. 1898)
  • 1968Martin Luther King Jr., American minister and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (assassinated)(b. 1929)
  • 1972Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., American pastor and politician (b. 1908)
  • 1972 – Stefan Wolpe, German-American composer and academic (b. 1902)
  • 1976Harry Nyquist, Swedish engineer and theorist (b. 1889)
  • 1977Andrey Dikiy, Ukrainian-American journalist, historian, and politician (b. 1893)
  • 1979Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Pakistani lawyer and politician, 4th President of Pakistan (b. 1928)
  • 1979 – Edgar Buchanan, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1980Red Sovine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1917)
  • 1983Gloria Swanson, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1983 – Bernard Vukas, Croatian football player, played for 1953 FIFA's "Rest of the World" team against England at Wembley (b. 1927)
  • 1984Oleg Antonov, Russian-Ukrainian engineer and businessman, founded Antonov (b. 1906)
  • 1985Kate Roberts, Welsh author and activist (b. 1891)
  • 1987C. L. Moore, American author and academic (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Chögyam Trungpa, Tibetan guru, poet, and scholar (b. 1939)
  • 1987 – Sachchidananda Vatsyayan, Indian journalist and author (b. 1911)
  • 1991Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (b. 1920)
  • 1991 – Max Frisch, Swiss playwright and novelist (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – H. John Heinz III, American soldier and politician (b. 1938)
  • 1991 – Graham Ingels, American illustrator (b. 1915)
  • 1992Yvette Brind'Amour, Canadian actress and director (b. 1918)
  • 1992 – Jack Hamilton, Australian footballer (b. 1928)
  • 1992 – Arthur Russell, American singer-songwriter and cellist (b. 1951)
  • 1993Alfred Mosher Butts, American game designer, invented Scrabble (b. 1899)
  • 1993 – Douglas Leopold, Canadian radio and television host (b. 1947)
  • 1995Kenny Everett, English radio and television host (b. 1944)
  • 1995 – Priscilla Lane, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 1996Barney Ewell, American runner and long jumper (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Boone Guyton, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1913)
  • 1997Leo Picard, German-Israeli geologist and academic (b. 1900)
  • 1997 – Alparslan Türkeş, Turkish colonel and politician, 39th Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1917)
  • 1999Lucille Lortel, American actress, artistic director and producer (b. 1900)
  • 1999 – Early Wynn, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1920)
  • 2001Liisi Oterma, Finnish astronomer (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Ed Roth, American illustrator and engineer (b. 1932)
  • 2001 – Maury Van Vliet, American-Canadian academic (b. 1913)
  • 2003Anthony Caruso, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2004Briek Schotte, Belgian cyclist and coach (b. 1919)
  • 2005Edward Bronfman, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1924)
  • 2007Bob Clark, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Karen Spärck Jones, English computer scientist and academic (b. 1935)
  • 2008Francis Tucker, South African race car driver (b. 1923)
  • 2009Maxine Cooper, American actress, activist and photographer (b. 1924)
  • 2011Scott Columbus, American drummer (b. 1956)
  • 2011 – Juliano Mer-Khamis, Israeli actor, director, and activist (b. 1958)
  • 2012A. Dean Byrd, American psychologist and academic (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Anne Karin Elstad, Norwegian author and educator (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Claude Miller, French director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2012 – Dubravko Pavličić, Croatian footballer (b. 1967)
  • 2012 – Roberto Rexach Benítez, American-Puerto Rican academic and politician, 10th President of the Senate of Puerto Rico (b. 1929)
  • 2013Bengt Blomgren, Swedish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Roger Ebert, American journalist, critic, and screenwriter (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Carmine Infantino, American illustrator (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Tommy Tycho, Hungarian-Australian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Ian Walsh, Australian rugby player and coach (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Noboru Yamaguchi, Japanese author (b. 1972)
  • 2014İsmet Atlı, Turkish wrestler and trainer (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Wayne Henderson, American trombonist and producer (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Kumba Ialá, Bissau-Guinean soldier and politician, President of Guinea-Bissau (b. 1953)
  • 2014 – Margo MacDonald, Scottish journalist and politician (b. 1943)
  • 2014 – Curtis Bill Pepper, American journalist and author (b. 1917)
  • 2014 – Muhammad Qutb, Egyptian author and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2015Jamaluddin Jarjis, Malaysian engineer and politician (b. 1951)
  • 2015 – Elmer Lach, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Donald N. Levine, American sociologist and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Klaus Rifbjerg, Danish author and poet (b. 1931)
  • 2016Chus Lampreave, Spanish actress (b. 1930)

Holidays and observances

  • Children's Day (Hong Kong, Taiwan)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Benedict the Moor
    • Gaetano Catanoso
    • Isidore of Seville
    • Martin Luther King Jr. (Episcopal Church (USA))
    • Reginald Heber (Anglican Church of Canada)
    • Tigernach of Clones
    • April 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Senegal from France (1960).
  • Peace Day (Angola)[15]
  • One of the possible days for Qingming Festival.

References

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External links

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