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Events

  • 224 – The Battle of Hormozdgan is fought. Ardashir I defeats and kills Artabanus V effectively ending the Parthian Empire.
  • 357 – Emperor Constantius II enters Rome for the first time to celebrate his victory over Magnus Magnentius.
  • 1192 – Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne is confirmed by election. The killing is carried out by Hashshashin.
  • 1253Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Namu Myōhō Renge Kyō for the very first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
  • 1503 – The Battle of Cerignola is fought. It is noted as one of the first European battles in history won by small arms fire using gunpowder.
  • 1611 – Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, the largest Catholic university in the world.
  • 1758 – The Marathas defeat the Afghans in the Battle of Attock and capture the city.[1]
  • 1788Maryland becomes the seventh state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • 1789Mutiny on the Bounty: Lieutenant William Bligh and 18 sailors are set adrift and the rebel crew returns to Tahiti briefly and then sets sail for Pitcairn Island.
  • 1792 – France invades the Austrian Netherlands (present day Belgium and Luxembourg), beginning the French Revolutionary Wars.
  • 1794 – Sardinians, headed by Giovanni Maria Angioy, start a revolution against Savoy domination, expelling Viceroy Balbiano and his officials from Cagliari, the capital and largest city of the island.
  • 1796 – The Armistice of Cherasco is signed by Napoleon Bonaparte and Vittorio Amedeo III, King of Sardinia, expanding French territory along the Mediterranean coast.
  • 1869 – Chinese and Irish laborers for the Central Pacific Railroad working on the First Transcontinental Railroad lay ten miles of track in one day, a feat which has never been matched.
  • 1881Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.
  • 1887 – A week after being arrested by the Prussian Secret Police, French police inspector Guillaume Schnaebelé is released on order of William I, German Emperor, defusing a possible war.
  • 1910 – Frenchman Louis Paulhan wins the 1910 London to Manchester air race, the first long-distance aeroplane race in England.
  • 1920Azerbaijan is added to the Soviet Union.
  • 1923Wembley Stadium is opened, named initially as the Empire Stadium.
  • 1930 – The Independence Producers hosted the first night game in the history of Organized Baseball in Independence, Kansas.
  • 1941 – The Ustaše massacre nearly 200 Serbs in the village of Gudovac, the first massacre of their genocidal campaign against Serbs of the Independent State of Croatia.
  • 1944World War II: Nine German E-boats attacked US and UK units during Exercise Tiger, the rehearsal for the Normandy landings, killing 946.
  • 1945Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci are shot dead by Walter Audisio, a member of the Italian resistance movement.
  • 1947Thor Heyerdahl and five crew mates set out from Peru on the Kon-Tiki to demonstrate that Peruvian natives could have settled Polynesia.
  • 1948Igor Stravinsky conducted the premiere of his American ballet, Orpheus at the New York City Center.
  • 1949 – The Hukbalahap are accused of assassinating former First Lady of the Philippines Aurora Quezon, while she is en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and ten others are also killed.
  • 1952Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Allied Commander of NATO.
  • 1952 – The Treaty of San Francisco comes into effect, restoring Japanese sovereignty and ending its state of war with most of the Allies of World War II.
  • 1952 – The Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty (Treaty of Taipei) is signed in Taipei, Taiwan between Japan and the Republic of China to officially end the Second Sino-Japanese War.
  • 1965United States occupation of the Dominican Republic: American troops land in the Dominican Republic to "forestall establishment of a Communist dictatorship" and to evacuate U.S. Army troops.
  • 1967Vietnam War: Boxer Muhammad Ali refuses his induction into the United States Army and is subsequently stripped of his championship and license.
  • 1969Charles de Gaulle resigns as President of France.
  • 1970Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon formally authorizes American combat troops to take part in the Cambodian campaign.
  • 1973The Dark Side of the Moon by Pink Floyd, recorded in Abbey Road Studios goes to number one on the US Billboard chart, beginning a record-breaking 741-week chart run.
  • 1975 – General Cao Văn Viên, chief of the South Vietnamese military, departs for the US as the North Vietnamese Army closed in on victory.[2]
  • 1977 – The Red Army Faction trial ends, with Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe found guilty of four counts of murder and more than 30 counts of attempted murder.
  • 1978President of Afghanistan, Mohammed Daoud Khan, is overthrown and assassinated in a coup led by pro-communist rebels.
  • 1986 – The United States Navy aircraft carrier Template:Ship becomes the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to transit the Suez Canal, navigating from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea to relieve the Template:Ship.
  • 1986 – High levels of radiation resulting from the Chernobyl disaster are detected at a nuclear power plant in Sweden, leading Soviet authorities to publicly announce the accident.
  • 1988 – Near Maui, Hawaii, flight attendant Clarabelle "C.B." Lansing is blown out of Aloha Airlines Flight 243, a Boeing 737, and falls to her death when part of the plane's fuselage rips open in mid-flight.
  • 1993 – A Zambia Air Force DHC-5 Buffalo crashes off the coast of Libreville, Gabon, killing all 30 passengers, which included the entire Zambia national football team.[3]
  • 1994 – Former Central Intelligence Agency counterintelligence officer and analyst Aldrich Ames pleads guilty to giving U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union and later Russia.
  • 1996Whitewater controversy: President Bill Clinton gives a 4½ hour videotaped testimony for the defense.
  • 1996 – Port Arthur massacre, Tasmania: A gunman, Martin Bryant, opens fire at the Broad Arrow Cafe in Port Arthur, Tasmania, killing 35 people and wounding 23 others.
  • 2004CBS News released evidence of the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse. The photographs show rape and abuse from the American troops over Iraqi detainees.

Births

  • AD 32Otho, Roman emperor (d. 69 AD)
  • 1402Nezahualcoyotl, Acolhuan philosopher, warrior, poet and ruler (d. 1472)
  • 1442Edward IV, king of England (d. 1483)
  • 1545Yi Sun-sin, Korean commander (d. 1598)
  • 1573Charles de Valois, Duke of Angoulême, son of Charles IX (d. 1650)
  • 1604Joris Jansen Rapelje, Dutch settler in colonial North America (d. 1662)
  • 1623Wilhelmus Beekman, Dutch politician (d. 1707)
  • 1630Charles Cotton, English poet and author (d. 1687)
  • 1676Frederick I, prince consort and king of Sweden (d. 1751)
  • 1715Franz Sparry, Austrian composer and educator (d. 1767)
  • 1758James Monroe, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 5th President of the United States (d. 1831)
  • 1761Marie Harel, French cheesemaker (d. 1844)
  • 1765Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician and academic (d. 1834)
  • 1819Ezra Abbot, American scholar and academic (d. 1884)
  • 1827William Hall, Canadian soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1904)
  • 1838Tobias Asser, Dutch lawyer and scholar, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1913)
  • 1848Ludvig Schytte, Danish pianist, composer, and educator (d. 1909)
  • 1854Hertha Marks Ayrton, Polish-British engineer, mathematician, and physicist. (d. 1923)
  • 1855José Malhoa, Portuguese painter (d. 1933)
  • 1863Josiah Thomas, English-Australian miner and politician, 7th Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs (d. 1933)
  • 1863 – Nikolai von Meck, Russian engineer (d. 1929)
  • 1865Charles W. Woodworth, American entomologist and academic (d. 1940)
  • 1868Lucy Booth, English composer (d. 1953)
  • 1868 – Georgy Voronoy, Ukrainian-Russian mathematician and academic (d. 1908)
  • 1874Karl Kraus, Austrian journalist and author (d. 1936)
  • 1874 – Sidney Toler, American actor and director (d. 1947)
  • 1876Nicola Romeo, Italian engineer and businessman (d. 1938)
  • 1878Lionel Barrymore, American actor and director (d. 1954)
  • 1886Erich Salomon, German-born news photographer (d. 1944)
  • 1886 – Art Shaw, American hurdler (d. 1955)
  • 1888Walter Tull, English footballer and soldier (d. 1918)
  • 1889António de Oliveira Salazar, Portuguese economist and politician, 100th Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1970)
  • 1896Na Hye-sok, South Korean journalist, poet, and painter (d. 1948)
  • 1896 – Tristan Tzara, Romanian-French poet and critic (d. 1963)[4]
  • 1897Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician, Head of State of the People's Republic of China (d. 1986)
  • 1900Alice Berry, Australian activist (d. 1978) [5]
  • 1900 – Heinrich Müller, German SS officer (d. 1945)
  • 1900 – Jan Oort, Dutch astronomer and academic (d. 1992)
  • 1901H. B. Stallard, English runner and surgeon (d. 1973)
  • 1902Johan Borgen, Norwegian author and critic (d. 1979)
  • 1906Kurt Gödel, Czech-American mathematician, philosopher, and academic (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – Paul Sacher, Swiss conductor and philanthropist (d. 1999)
  • 1908Ethel Catherwood, American-Canadian high jumper and javelin thrower (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Jack Fingleton, Australian cricketer, journalist, and sportscaster (d. 1981)
  • 1908 – Oskar Schindler, Czech-German businessman (d. 1974)
  • 1909Arthur Võõbus, Estonian-American theologist and orientalist (d. 1988)
  • 1910Sam Merwin, Jr., American author (d. 1996)
  • 1911Lee Falk, American director, producer, and playwright (d. 1999)
  • 1912Odette Hallowes, French soldier and spy (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Kaneto Shindō, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1913Rose Murphy, American singer (d. 1989)
  • 1914Michel Mohrt, French author, historian (d. 2011)
  • 1916Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian businessman, created Lamborghini (d. 1993)
  • 1917Robert Cornthwaite, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1921Rowland Evans, American soldier, journalist, and author (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Simin Daneshvar, Iranian author and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1923Carolyn Cassady, American author (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – William Guarnere, American sergeant (d. 2014)
  • 1924Dick Ayers, American author and illustrator (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Blossom Dearie, American singer and pianist (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Kenneth Kaunda, Zambian educator and politician, 1st President of Zambia
  • 1925T. John Lesinski, American judge and politician, 51st Lieutenant Governor of Michigan (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – John Leonard Thorn, English lieutenant, author, and academic
  • 1926James Bama, American artist and illustrator
  • 1926 – Bill Blackbeard, American historian and author (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – Harper Lee, American novelist (d. 2016)
  • 1926 – Hulusi Sayın, Turkish general (d. 1991)
  • 1928Yves Klein, French painter (d. 1962)
  • 1928 – Eugene Merle Shoemaker, American geologist and astronomer (d. 1997)
  • 1930James Baker, American lawyer and politician, 61st United States Secretary of State
  • 1930 – Carolyn Jones, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1933Miodrag Radulovacki, Serbian-American neuropharmacologist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1934Lois Duncan, American journalist and author (d. 2016)
  • 1935Pedro Ramos, Cuban baseball player
  • 1935 – Jimmy Wray, Scottish boxer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1936Tariq Aziz, Iraqi journalist and politician, Iraqi Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 2015)
  • 1937Saddam Hussein, Iraqi general and politician, 5th President of Iraq (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – Jean Redpath, Scottish singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1937 – John White, Scottish international footballer(d. 1964)[6]
  • 1938Madge Sinclair, Jamaican-American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1941Ann-Margret, Swedish-American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1941 – Lucien Aimar, French cyclist
  • 1941 – John Madejski, English businessman and academic
  • 1941 – Karl Barry Sharpless, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1941 – Iryna Zhylenko, Ukrainian poet and author (d. 2013)
  • 1942Mike Brearley, English cricketer and psychoanalyst
  • 1943Aryeh Bibi, Iraqi-born Israeli politician
  • 1944Elizabeth LeCompte, American director and producer
  • 1944 – Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician, 10th Minister-President of the Walloon Region
  • 1944 – Alice Waters, American chef and author
  • 1946Nour El-Sherif, Egyptian actor and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1946 – Ginette Reno, Canadian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1946 – Larissa Grunig, American theorist and activist
  • 1947Christian Jacq, French historian and author
  • 1947 – Nicola LeFanu, English composer and academic
  • 1947 – Steve Khan, American jazz guitarist
  • 1948Terry Pratchett, English journalist, author, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1948 – Marcia Strassman, American actress and singer (d. 2014)
  • 1949Jeremy Cooke, English lawyer and judge
  • 1949 – Paul Guilfoyle, American actor
  • 1949 – Bruno Kirby, American actor and director (d. 2006)
  • 1950Willie Colón, Puerto Rican-American trombonist and producer
  • 1950 – Jay Leno, American comedian, talk show host, and producer
  • 1950 – Steve Rider, English journalist and sportscaster
  • 1951Tim Congdon, English economist and politician
  • 1951 – Larry Smith, Canadian football player and politician
  • 1952Chuck Leavell, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1952 – Mary McDonnell, American actress
  • 1953Roberto Bolaño, Chilean novelist, short-story writer, poet, and essayist (d. 2003)
  • 1953 – Kim Gordon, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1953 – Brian Greenhoff, English footballer and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1954Timothy Curley, American educator
  • 1954 – Michael P. Jackson, American politician, 3rd Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security
  • 1954 – Vic Sotto, Filipino actor-producer, singer-songwriter, comedian and television personality
  • 1954 – Ron Zook, American football player and coach
  • 1955Eddie Jobson, English keyboard player and violinist
  • 1955 – Dieter Rubach, German bass player
  • 1956Jimmy Barnes, Scottish-Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1957Wilma Landkroon, Dutch singer
  • 1958Hal Sutton, American golfer
  • 1960Tom Browning, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Elena Kagan, American lawyer and jurist, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
  • 1960 – Phil King, English bass player
  • 1960 – Ian Rankin, Scottish author
  • 1960 – Jón Páll Sigmarsson, Icelandic strongman and weightlifter (d. 1993)
  • 1960 – Walter Zenga, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1963Sandrine Dumas, French actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Lloyd Eisler, Canadian figure skater and coach
  • 1963 – Marc Lacroix, Belgian biochemist and academic
  • 1964Stephen Ames, Trinidadian golfer
  • 1964 – Noriyuki Iwadare, Japanese composer
  • 1964 – Ajay Kakkar, Baron Kakkar, English surgeon and academic
  • 1964 – Barry Larkin, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1964 – L'Wren Scott, American model and fashion designer (d. 2014)
  • 1965Jennifer Rardin, American author (d. 2010)
  • 1966John Daly, American golfer
  • 1966 – Too Short, American rapper, producer and actor
  • 1967Chris White, English engineer and politician
  • 1968Howard Donald, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1968 – Andy Flower, South-African-Zimbabwean cricketer and coach
  • 1969LeRon Perry Ellis, American basketball player
  • 1970Richard Fromberg, Australian tennis player
  • 1970 – Nicklas Lidström, Swedish ice hockey player and scout
  • 1970 – Diego Simeone, Argentinian footballer and manager
  • 1971Brad McEwan, Australian journalist
  • 1972Violent J, American rapper
  • 1972 – Helena Tulve, Estonian composer
  • 1972 – Jean-Paul van Gastel, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1973Jorge Garcia, American actor and producer
  • 1973 – Earl Holmes, American football player and coach
  • 1973 – Andrew Mehrtens, South African-New Zealand rugby player
  • 1974Penélope Cruz, Spanish actress and producer
  • 1974 – Margo Dydek, Polish basketball player and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1974 – Richel Hersisia, Dutch boxer
  • 1974 – Vernon Kay, English radio and television host
  • 1974 – Dominic Matteo, Scottish footballer and journalist
  • 1975Michael Walchhofer, Austrian skier
  • 1976Shane Jurgensen, Australian cricketer
  • 1978Lauren Laverne, English singer and television host
  • 1978 – Robert Oliveri, American actor
  • 1978 – Nate Richert, American actor
  • 1979Scott Fujita, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1980Bradley Wiggins, English cyclist
  • 1981Jessica Alba, American model and actress
  • 1981 – Pietro Travagli, Italian rugby player
  • 1982Nikki Grahame, English model and journalist
  • 1982 – Chris Kaman, American basketball player
  • 1983Josh Brookes, Australian motorcycle racer
  • 1983 – David Freese, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Roger Johnson, English footballer
  • 1983 – Graham Wagg, English cricketer
  • 1983 – Thomas Waldrom, New Zealand-English rugby player
  • 1984Dmitri Torbinski, Russian footballer
  • 1985Lucas Jakubczyk, German sprinter and long jumper
  • 1985 – Deividas Stagniūnas, Lithuanian ice dancer
  • 1986Roman Polák, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Jenna Ushkowitz, Korean-American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1987Ryan Conroy, Scottish footballer
  • 1987 – Samantha Akkineni, Indian actress and model
  • 1987 – Bradley Johnson, English footballer
  • 1987 – Zoran Tošić, Serbian footballer
  • 1988Jonathan Biabiany, French footballer
  • 1988 – Juan Manuel Mata, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Katariina Tuohimaa, Finnish tennis player
  • 1989Emil Salomonsson, Swedish footballer
  • 1989 – Kim Sung-kyu, South Korean singer
  • 1990Niels-Peter Mørck, Danish footballer
  • 1992Blake Bortles, American football player
  • 1992 – DeMarcus Lawrence, American football player
  • 1993Craig Garvey, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993 – Eva Samková, Czech snowboarder
  • 1995Jonathan Benteke, Belgian footballer
  • 1995 – Melanie Martinez, American singer

Deaths

  • 224Artabanus V of Parthia (b. 191)
  • 948Hu Jinsi, Chinese general and prefect
  • 988Adaldag, archbishop of Bremen[7]
  • 1109 – Abbot Hugh of Cluny (b. 1024)[8]
  • 1192Conrad of Montferrat (b. 1140)
  • 1197Rhys ap Gruffydd, prince of Deheubarth (b. 1132)
  • 1257Shajar al-Durr, sovereign sultana of Egypt
  • 1260Luchesius Modestini, founding member of the Third Order of St. Francis
  • 1400Baldus de Ubaldis, Italian jurist (b. 1327)
  • 1489Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, English politician (b. 1449)
  • 1533Nicholas West, English bishop and diplomat (b. 1461)
  • 1643Francisco de Lucena, Portuguese politician (b. 1578)
  • 1710Thomas Betterton, English actor and manager (b. 1630)
  • 1716Louis de Montfort, French priest and saint (b. 1673)
  • 1726Thomas Pitt, English merchant and politician (b. 1653)
  • 1741Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish general and politician (b. 1668)
  • 1772Johann Friedrich Struensee, German physician and politician (b. 1737)
  • 1781Cornelius Harnett, American merchant, farmer, and politician (b. 1723)
  • 1813Mikhail Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (b. 1745)
  • 1816Johann Heinrich Abicht, German philosopher, author, and academic (b. 1762)
  • 1841Peter Chanel, French priest, missionary, and martyr (b. 1803)
  • 1853Ludwig Tieck, German author and poet (b. 1773)
  • 1858Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist and anatomist (b. 1801)
  • 1865Samuel Cunard, Canadian-English businessman, founded Cunard Line (b. 1787)
  • 1881Antoine Samuel Adam-Salomon, French sculptor and photographer (b. 1818)
  • 1883John Russell, English hunter and dog breeder (b. 1795)
  • 1902Cyprien Tanguay, Canadian priest and historian (b. 1819)
  • 1903Josiah Willard Gibbs, American scientist (b. 1839)[9]
  • 1905Fitzhugh Lee, American general and politician, 40th Governor of Virginia (b. 1835)
  • 1925Richard Butler, English-Australian politician, 23rd Premier of South Australia (b. 1850)
  • 1928May Jordan McConnel, Australian trade unionist and suffragist (b. 1860)[10]
  • 1929Hendrik van Heuckelum, Dutch footballer (b. 1879)
  • 1936Fuad I of Egypt (b. 1868)
  • 1944Mohammed Alim Khan, Manghud ruler (b. 1880)
  • 1944 – Frank Knox, American journalist and politician, 46th United States Secretary of the Navy (b. 1874)
  • 1945Roberto Farinacci, Italian soldier and politician (b. 1892)
  • 1945 – Hermann Fegelein, German general (b. 1906)
  • 1945 – Benito Mussolini, Italian journalist and politician, 27th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1883)
  • 1946Louis Bachelier, French mathematician and academic (b. 1870)
  • 1954Léon Jouhaux, French union leader, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879)
  • 1956Fred Marriott, American race car driver (b. 1872)
  • 1957Heinrich Bär, German colonel and pilot (b. 1913)
  • 1962Bennie Osler, South African rugby player (b. 1901)
  • 1963Wilhelm Weber, German gymnast (b. 1880)
  • 1970Ed Begley, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1973Clas Thunberg, Finnish speed skater (b. 1893)
  • 1976Richard Hughes, American author and poet (b. 1900)
  • 1977Ricardo Cortez, American actor (b. 1900)
  • 1977 – Sepp Herberger, German footballer and coach (b. 1897)
  • 1978Mohammed Daoud Khan, Afghan commander and politician, 1st President of Afghanistan (b. 1909)
  • 1980Tommy Caldwell, American bass player (b. 1949)
  • 1987Ben Linder, American engineer and activist (b. 1959)
  • 1991Steve Broidy, American film producer (b. 1905)
  • 1992Francis Bacon, Irish painter (b. 1909)
  • 1993Diva Diniz Corrêa, Brazilian zoologist (b. 1918)
  • 1993 – Jim Valvano, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1946)
  • 1994Berton Roueché, American journalist and author (b. 1910)
  • 1996Lester Sumrall, American minister, founded LeSEA (b. 1913)
  • 1997Ann Petry, American novelist (b. 1908)
  • 1998Jerome Bixby, American author and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 1999Rory Calhoun, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 1999 – Rolf Landauer, German-American physicist and engineer (b. 1927)
  • 1999 – Alf Ramsey, English footballer and manager (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1921)
  • 2000Jerzy Einhorn, Polish-Swedish physician and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Penelope Fitzgerald, English author and poet (b. 1916)
  • 2002Alexander Lebed, Russian general and politician (b. 1950)
  • 2002 – Lou Thesz, American wrestler and trainer (b. 1916)
  • 2005Percy Heath, American bassist (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Chris Candido, American wrestler (b. 1971)
  • 2005 – Taraki Sivaram, Sri Lankan journalist and author (b. 1959)
  • 2006Steve Howe, American baseball player (b. 1958)
  • 2007Dabbs Greer, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – René Mailhot, Canadian journalist (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Tommy Newsom, American saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist and philosopher (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Bertha Wilson, Scottish-Canadian lawyer and jurist (b. 1923)
  • 2009Ekaterina Maximova, Russian ballerina and actress (b. 1939)
  • 2009 – Richard Pratt, Polish-Australian businessman (b. 1934)
  • 2011Erhard Loretan, Swiss mountaineer (b. 1959)
  • 2012Fred Allen, New Zealand rugby player and coach (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – Matilde Camus, Spanish poet and author (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Al Ecuyer, American football player (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Patricia Medina, English actress (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Milan N. Popović, Serbian psychiatrist and author (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Aberdeen Shikoyi, Kenyan rugby player (b. 1985)
  • 2013Brad Lesley, American baseball player (b. 1958)
  • 2013 – Fredrick McKissack, American author (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – John C. Reynolds, American computer scientist and academic (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Jack Shea, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – János Starker, Hungarian-American cellist and educator (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Paulo Vanzolini, Brazilian singer-songwriter and zoologist (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Bernie Wood, New Zealand journalist and author (b. 1939)
  • 2014Barbara Fiske Calhoun, American cartoonist and painter (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – William Honan, American journalist and author (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Dennis Kamakahi, American guitarist and composer (b. 1953)
  • 2014 – Edgar Laprade, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Jack Ramsay, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Idris Sardi, Indonesian violinist and composer (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Frederic Schwartz, American architect, co-designed Empty Sky (b. 1951)
  • 2014 – Ryan Tandy, Australian rugby player (b. 1981)
  • 2015Antônio Abujamra, Brazilian actor and director (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Marcia Brown, American author and illustrator (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Michael J. Ingelido, American general (b. 1916)
  • 2016Jenny Diski, English author and screenwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2017Mariano Gagnon, American Catholic priest and author (b. 1929)
  • 2018James Hylton, American race car driver (b. 1934)
  • 2019Richard Lugar, American politician (b.1932)[11]
  • 2019 – John Singleton, American film director (b. 1968)[12]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Aphrodisius and companions
    • Gianna Beretta Molla
    • Kirill of Turov (Orthodox, added to Roman Martyrology in 1969)
    • Louis de Montfort
    • Pamphilus of Sulmona
    • Peter Chanel
    • Vitalis and Valeria of Milan
    • April 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Lawyers' Day (Odisha, India)
  • Mujahideen Victory Day (Afghanistan)
  • National Heroes Day (Barbados)
  • Restoration of Sovereignty Day (Japan)
  • Sardinia Day (Sardinia)
  • Workers' Memorial Day and World Day for Safety and Health at Work (international)
    • National Day of Mourning (Canada)

References

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External links

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