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Events

  • 404 BC – Admiral Lysander and King Pausanias of Sparta blockade Athens and bring the Peloponnesian War to a successful conclusion.
  • 775 – The Battle of Bagrevand puts an end to an Armenian rebellion against the Abbasid Caliphate. Muslim control over Transcaucasia is solidified and its Islamization begins, while several major Armenian nakharar families lose power and their remnants flee to the Byzantine Empire.
  • 799 – After mistreatment and disfigurement by the citizens of Rome, pope Leo III flees to the Frankish court of king Charlemagne at Paderborn for protection.
  • 1134 – The name Zagreb was mentioned for the first time in the Felician Charter relating to the establishment of the Zagreb Bishopric around 1094.
  • 1607Eighty Years' War: The Dutch fleet destroys the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar.
  • 1644 – The Chongzhen Emperor, the last Emperor of Ming dynasty China, commits suicide during a peasant rebellion led by Li Zicheng.
  • 1707 – A coalition of Britain, the Netherlands and Portugal is defeated by a Franco-Spanish army at Almansa (Spain) in the War of the Spanish Succession.
  • 1792Highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier becomes the first person executed by guillotine.
  • 1792 – "La Marseillaise" (the French national anthem) is composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle.
  • 1804 – The western Georgian kingdom of Imereti accepts the suzerainty of the Russian Empire.
  • 1829Charles Fremantle arrives in HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.
  • 1846Thornton Affair: Open conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican–American War.
  • 1849 – The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.
  • 1859 – British and French engineers break ground for the Suez Canal.
  • 1862American Civil War: Forces under U.S. Admiral David Farragut demand the surrender of the Confederate city of New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Marks' Mills.
  • 1882French and Vietnamese troops clashed in Tonkin, when Commandant Henri Rivière seized the citadel of Hanoi with a small force of marine infantry.
  • 1898Spanish–American War: The United States declares war on Spain.
  • 1901 – New York becomes the first U.S. state to require automobile license plates.
  • 1915 – World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli begins: The invasion of the Turkish Gallipoli Peninsula by British, French, Indian, Newfoundland, Australian and New Zealand troops, begins with landings at Anzac Cove and Cape Helles.
  • 1916Anzac Day is commemorated for the first time on the first anniversary of the landing at ANZAC Cove.
  • 1920 – At the San Remo conference, the principal Allied Powers of World War I adopt a resolution to determine the allocation of Class "A" League of Nations mandates for administration of the former Ottoman-ruled lands of the Middle East.
  • 1938U.S. Supreme Court delivers its opinion in Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins and overturns a century of federal common law.
  • 1940Merkið, the flag of the Faroe Islands is approved by the British occupation government.
  • 1944 – The United Negro College Fund is incorporated.
  • 1945Elbe Day: United States and Soviet troops meet in Torgau along the River Elbe, cutting the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany in two.
  • 1945 – Liberation Day (Italy): The Nazi occupation army surrenders and leaves Northern Italy after a general partisan insurrection by the Italian resistance movement; the puppet fascist regime dissolves and Benito Mussolini is captured after trying to escape. This day was set as a public holiday to celebrate the Liberation of Italy.
  • 1945 – United Nations Conference on International Organization: Founding negotiations for the United Nations begin in San Francisco.
  • 1945 – The last German troops retreat from Finland's soil in Lapland, ending the Lapland War. Military acts of Second World War end in Finland.
  • 1951Korean War: Assaulting Chinese forces are forced to withdraw after heavy fighting with UN forces, primarily made up of Australian and Canadian troops, at the Battle of Kapyong.
  • 1953Francis Crick and James Watson publish "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid" describing the double helix structure of DNA.
  • 1954 – The first practical solar cell is publicly demonstrated by Bell Telephone Laboratories.
  • 1959 – The Saint Lawrence Seaway, linking the North American Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean, officially opens to shipping.
  • 1960 – The United States Navy submarine Template:Ship completes the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe.
  • 1961Robert Noyce is granted a patent for an integrated circuit.
  • 1972Vietnam War: Nguyen Hue Offensive: The North Vietnamese 320th Division forces 5,000 South Vietnamese troops to retreat and traps about 2,500 others northwest of Kontum.
  • 1974Carnation Revolution: A leftist military coup in Portugal overthrows the authoritarian-conservative Estado Novo regime and establishes a democratic government.
  • 1975 – As North Vietnamese forces close in on the South Vietnamese capital Saigon, the Australian Embassy is closed and evacuated, almost ten years to the day since the first Australian troop commitment to South Vietnam.
  • 1981 – More than 100 workers are exposed to radiation during repairs of at the Tsuruga Nuclear Power Plant in Japan.
  • 1982Israel completes its withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula per the Camp David Accords.
  • 1983Cold War: American schoolgirl Samantha Smith is invited to visit the Soviet Union by its leader Yuri Andropov after he read her letter in which she expressed fears about nuclear war.
  • 1983 – Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto's orbit.
  • 1986Mswati III is crowned King of Swaziland, succeeding his father Sobhuza II.
  • 1988 – In Israel, John Demjanjuk is sentenced to death for war crimes committed in World War II.
  • 1990Violeta Chamorro takes office as the President of Nicaragua, the first woman to hold the position.
  • 2001Michele Alboreto is killed while testing an Audi R8 at the Lausitzring in Germany.
  • 2004 – The March for Women's Lives brings between 500,000 and 800,000 protesters, mostly pro-choice, to Washington D.C. to protest the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003, and other restrictions on abortion.
  • 2005 – The final piece of the Obelisk of Axum is returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading Italian army in 1937.
  • 2005 – Bulgaria and Romania sign accession treaties to join the European Union.
  • 2007Boris Yeltsin's funeral: The first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.
  • 2015 – Nearly 9,100 are killed after a massive 7.8 magnitude earthquake strikes Nepal.

Births

  • 1214Louis IX of France (d. 1270)[1]
  • 1228Conrad IV of Germany (d. 1254)[2]
  • 1284Edward II of England (d. 1327)[3]
  • 1287Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1330)
  • 1502Georg Major, German theologian and academic (d. 1574)
  • 1529Francesco Patrizi, Italian philosopher and scientist (d. 1597)
  • 1599Oliver Cromwell, English general and politician, Lord Protector of Great Britain (d. 1658)
  • 1621Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, English soldier and politician (d. 1679)
  • 1666Johann Heinrich Buttstett, German organist and composer (d. 1727)
  • 1694Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect and politician, Lord High Treasurer of Ireland (d. 1753)
  • 1710James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer and author (d. 1776)
  • 1723Giovanni Marco Rutini, Italian composer (d. 1797)
  • 1725Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, English admiral and politician (d. 1786)
  • 1767Nicolas Oudinot, French general (d. 1847)
  • 1770Georg Sverdrup, Norwegian philologist and academic (d. 1850)
  • 1776Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (d. 1857)
  • 1843Princess Alice of the United Kingdom (d. 1878)
  • 1849Felix Klein, German mathematician and academic (d. 1925)
  • 1850Luise Adolpha Le Beau, German composer and educator (d. 1927)
  • 1851Leopoldo Alas, Spanish author, critic, and academic (d. 1901)
  • 1854Charles Sumner Tainter, American engineer and inventor (d. 1940)
  • 1862Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, English ornithologist and politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (d. 1933)
  • 1868John Moisant, American pilot and engineer (d. 1910)
  • 1871Lorne Currie, French-English sailor (d. 1926)
  • 1872C. B. Fry, English cricketer, footballer, educator, and politician (d. 1956)
  • 1873Walter de la Mare, English poet, short story writer, and novelist (d. 1956)
  • 1873 – Howard Garis, American author, creator of the Uncle Wiggily series of children's stories (d. 1962)
  • 1874Guglielmo Marconi, Italian businessman and inventor, developed Marconi's law, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1937)
  • 1874 – Ernest Webb, English-Canadian race walker (d. 1937)
  • 1876Jacob Nicol, Canadian publisher, lawyer, and politician (d. 1958)
  • 1878William Merz, American gymnast and triathlete (d. 1946)
  • 1882Fred McLeod, Scottish golfer (d. 1976)
  • 1887Kojo Tovalou Houénou, Beninese lawyer and critic (d. 1936)
  • 1892Maud Hart Lovelace, American author (d. 1980)
  • 1896Fred Haney, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1977)
  • 1897Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood (d. 1965)
  • 1900Gladwyn Jebb, English politician and diplomat, Secretary-General of the United Nations (d. 1996)
  • 1900 – Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian-Swiss-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1902Werner Heyde, German psychiatrist and academic (d. 1964)
  • 1902 – Mary Miles Minter, American actress (d. 1984)
  • 1903Andrey Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 1987)
  • 1905George Nepia, New Zealand rugby player and referee (d. 1986)
  • 1906William J. Brennan Jr., American colonel and Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court (d. 1997)
  • 1908Edward R. Murrow, American journalist (d. 1965)
  • 1909William Pereira, American architect, designed the Transamerica Pyramid (d. 1985)
  • 1910Arapeta Awatere, New Zealand interpreter, military leader, politician, and murderer (d. 1976)
  • 1911Connie Marrero, Cuban baseball player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1912Earl Bostic, African-American saxophonist (d. 1965)
  • 1913Nikolaos Roussen, Greek captain (d. 1944)
  • 1914Ross Lockridge Jr., American author and academic (d. 1948)
  • 1915Mort Weisinger, American journalist and author (d. 1978)
  • 1916Jerry Barber, American golfer (d. 1994)
  • 1917Ella Fitzgerald, American singer (d. 1996)[4]
  • 1917 – Jean Lucas, French racing driver (d. 2003)
  • 1918Graham Payn, South African-born English actor and singer (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Gérard de Vaucouleurs, French-American astronomer and academic (d. 1995)
  • 1918 – Astrid Varnay, Swedish-American soprano and actress (d. 2006)
  • 1919Finn Helgesen, Norwegian speed skater (d. 2011)
  • 1921Karel Appel, Dutch painter and sculptor (d. 2006)
  • 1923Francis Graham-Smith, English astronomer and academic
  • 1923 – Melissa Hayden, Canadian ballerina (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Albert King, African-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1992)
  • 1924Ingemar Johansson, Swedish race walker (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Franco Mannino, Italian pianist, composer, director, and playwright (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Paulo Vanzolini, Brazilian singer-songwriter and zoologist (d. 2013)
  • 1925Tony Christopher, Baron Christopher, English trade union leader and businessman
  • 1925 – Sammy Drechsel, German comedian and journalist (d. 1986)
  • 1925 – Louis O'Neil, Canadian academic and politician (d. 2018)
  • 1926Johnny Craig, American author and illustrator (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Gertrude Fröhlich-Sandner, Austrian politician (d. 2008)
  • 1926 – Patricia Castell, Argentine actress (d. 2013)
  • 1927Corín Tellado, Spanish author (d. 2009)
  • 1927 – Albert Uderzo, French author and illustrator (d. 2020)
  • 1928Cy Twombly, American-Italian painter and sculptor (d. 2011)
  • 1929Yvette Williams, New Zealand long jumper, shot putter, and discus thrower (d. 2019)
  • 1930Paul Mazursky, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Godfrey Milton-Thompson, English admiral and surgeon (d. 2012)
  • 1930 – Peter Schulz, German lawyer and politician, Mayor of Hamburg (d. 2013)
  • 1931Felix Berezin, Russian mathematician and physicist (d. 1980)
  • 1931 – David Shepherd, English painter and author (d. 2017)
  • 1932Nikolai Kardashev, Russian astrophysicist (d. 2019)
  • 1932 – Meadowlark Lemon, African-American basketball player and minister (d. 2015)
  • 1932 – Lia Manoliu, Romanian discus thrower and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1933Jerry Leiber, American songwriter and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1933 – Joyce Ricketts, American baseball player (d. 1992)
  • 1934Peter McParland, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  • 1935Bob Gutowski, American pole vaulter (d. 1960)
  • 1935 – Reinier Kreijermaat, Dutch footballer (d. 2018)
  • 1936Henck Arron, Surinamese banker and politician, 1st Prime Minister of the Republic of Suriname (d. 2000)
  • 1938Roger Boisjoly, American aerodynamicist and engineer (d. 2012)
  • 1938 – Ton Schulten, Dutch painter and graphic designer
  • 1939Tarcisio Burgnich, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1939 – Michael Llewellyn-Smith, English academic and diplomat
  • 1939 – Robert Skidelsky, Baron Skidelsky, English historian and academic
  • 1939 – Veronica Sutherland, English academic and British diplomat
  • 1940Al Pacino, American actor and director
  • 1941Bertrand Tavernier, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1942Jon Kyl, American lawyer and politician
  • 1943Tony Christie, English singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1944Len Goodman, English dancer
  • 1944 – Mike Kogel, German singer-songwriter
  • 1944 – Stephen Nickell, English economist and academic
  • 1944 – Bruce Ponder, English geneticist and cancer researcher
  • 1945Stu Cook, American bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1945 – Richard C. Hoagland, American theorist and author
  • 1945 – Björn Ulvaeus, Swedish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1946Talia Shire, American actress
  • 1946 – Peter Sutherland, Irish lawyer and politician, Attorney General of Ireland
  • 1946 – Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Russian colonel, lawyer, and politician
  • 1947Johan Cruyff, Dutch footballer and manager (d. 2016)
  • 1947 – Jeffrey DeMunn, American actor
  • 1948Mike Selvey, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1948 – Yu Shyi-kun, Taiwanese politician, 39th Premier of the Republic of China
  • 1949Vicente Pernía, Argentinian footballer and race car driver
  • 1949 – Dominique Strauss-Kahn, French economist, lawyer, and politician, French Minister of Finance
  • 1949 – James Fenton, English poet, journalist and literary critic
  • 1950Donnell Deeny, Northern Irish lawyer and judge
  • 1950 – Steve Ferrone, English drummer
  • 1950 – Peter Hintze, German politician (d. 2016)
  • 1950 – Valentyna Kozyr, Ukrainian high jumper
  • 1951Ian McCartney, Scottish politician, Minister of State for Trade
  • 1952Ketil Bjørnstad, Norwegian pianist and composer
  • 1952 – Vladislav Tretiak, Russian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1952 – Jacques Santini, French footballer and coach
  • 1953Ron Clements, American animator, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1953 – Gary Cosier, Australian cricketer
  • 1953 – Anthony Venables, English economist, author, and academic
  • 1954Melvin Burgess, English author
  • 1954 – Randy Cross, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1954 – Róisín Shortall, Irish educator and politician
  • 1955Américo Gallego, Argentinian footballer and coach
  • 1955 – Parviz Parastui, Iranian actor and singer
  • 1955 – Zev Siegl, American businessman, co-founded Starbucks
  • 1956Dominique Blanc, French actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Abdalla Uba Adamu, Nigerian professor, media scholar
  • 1957Theo de Rooij, Dutch cyclist and manager
  • 1958Fish, Scottish singer-songwriter
  • 1958 – Misha Glenny, British journalist
  • 1959Paul Madden, English diplomat, British High Commissioner to Australia
  • 1959 – Daniel Kash, Canadian actor and director
  • 1959 – Tony Phillips, American baseball player (d. 2016)
  • 1960Paul Baloff, American singer (d. 2002)
  • 1960 – Robert Peston, English journalist
  • 1960 – Bruce Redman, Australian director, producer, and critic
  • 1961Dinesh D'Souza, Indian-American journalist and author
  • 1961 – Miran Tepeš, Slovenian ski jumper
  • 1962Foeke Booy, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1963Joy Covey, American businesswoman (d. 2013)
  • 1963 – Dave Martin, English footballer
  • 1963 – David Moyes, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Bernd Müller, German footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Paul Wassif, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1964Hank Azaria, American actor, voice artist, comedian and producer
  • 1964 – Andy Bell, English singer-songwriter
  • 1965Eric Avery, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1965 – Mark Bryant, American basketball player and coach
  • 1965 – John Henson, American puppeteer and voice actor (d. 2014)
  • 1966Diego Domínguez, Argentinian-Italian rugby player
  • 1966 – Femke Halsema, Dutch sociologist, academic, and politician
  • 1966 – Darren Holmes, American baseball player and coach
  • 1966 – Erik Pappas, American baseball player and coach
  • 1967Angel Martino, American swimmer
  • 1968Vitaliy Kyrylenko, Ukrainian long jumper
  • 1968 – Thomas Strunz, German footballer
  • 1969Joe Buck, American sportscaster
  • 1969 – Martin Koolhoven, Dutch director and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Jon Olsen, American swimmer[5]
  • 1969 – Darren Woodson, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Renée Zellweger, American actress and producer
  • 1970Jason Lee, American skateboarder, actor, comedian and producer
  • 1971Sara Baras, Spanish dancer
  • 1971 – Brad Clontz, American baseball player
  • 1973Carlota Castrejana, Spanish triple jumper
  • 1973 – Fredrik Larzon, Swedish drummer
  • 1973 – Barbara Rittner, German tennis player
  • 1975Jacque Jones, American baseball player and coach
  • 1976Gilberto da Silva Melo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – Tim Duncan, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Breyton Paulse, South African rugby player
  • 1976 – Rainer Schüttler, German tennis player and coach
  • 1977Constantinos Christoforou, Cypriot singer-songwriter
  • 1977 – Ilias Kotsios, Greek footballer
  • 1977 – Marguerite Moreau, American actress and producer
  • 1977 – Matthew West, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1978Matt Walker, English swimmer
  • 1980Ben Johnston, Scottish drummer and songwriter
  • 1980 – James Johnston, Scottish bass player and songwriter
  • 1980 – Daniel MacPherson, Australian actor and television host
  • 1980 – Bruce Martin, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1980 – Kazuhito Tadano, Japanese baseball player
  • 1980 – Alejandro Valverde, Spanish cyclist
  • 1981Dwone Hicks, American football player
  • 1981 – Felipe Massa, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1981 – John McFall, English sprinter
  • 1981 – Anja Pärson, Swedish skier[6]
  • 1982Brian Barton, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Monty Panesar, English cricketer
  • 1982 – Marco Russo, Italian footballer
  • 1983Johnathan Thurston, Australian rugby league player
  • 1983 – DeAngelo Williams, American football player
  • 1984Robert Andino, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Isaac Kiprono Songok, Kenyan runner
  • 1985Giedo van der Garde, Dutch racing driver
  • 1986Alexei Emelin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Thin Seng Hon, Cambodian Paralympic athlete
  • 1986 – Gwen Jorgensen, American triathlete[7]
  • 1986 – Claudia Rath, German heptathlete
  • 1987Razak Boukari, Togolese footballer
  • 1987 – Jay Park, American-South Korean singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1987 – Johann Smith, American soccer player
  • 1988James Sheppard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989Marie-Michèle Gagnon, Canadian skier[8]
  • 1989 – Michael van Gerwen, Dutch darts player
  • 1989 – Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, the 11th Panchen Lama, one of the highest-ranking spiritual leaders in Tibet
  • 1990Jean-Éric Vergne, French racing driver
  • 1990 – Taylor Walker, Australian footballer
  • 1991Alex Shibutani, American ice dancer
  • 1993Alex Bowman, American race car driver
  • 1993 – Daniel Norris, American baseball player
  • 1994Omar McLeod, Jamaican hurdler[9]
  • 1995Lewis Baker, English footballer
  • 1996Mack Horton, Australian swimmer
  • 1997Julius Ertlthaler, Austrian footballer

Deaths

  • 501Rusticus, saint and archbishop of Lyon (b. 455)
  • 775Smbat VII Bagratuni, Armenian prince
  • 775 – Mushegh VI Mamikonian, Armenian prince
  • 908Zhang Wenwei, Chinese chancellor
  • 1074Herman I, Margrave of Baden
  • 1077Géza I of Hungary (b. 1040)
  • 1185Emperor Antoku of Japan (b. 1178)
  • 1217Hermann I, Landgrave of Thuringia
  • 1228 – Queen Isabella II of Jerusalem (b. 1212)
  • 1243Boniface of Valperga, Bishop of Aosta[10]
  • 1264Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, medieval English nobleman; Earl of Winchester (b. 1195)
  • 1295Sancho IV of Castile (b. 1258)
  • 1342Pope Benedict XII (b. 1285)
  • 1397Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, English nobleman
  • 1472Leon Battista Alberti, Italian author, poet, and philosopher (b. 1404)
  • 1516John Yonge, English diplomat (b. 1467)
  • 1566Louise Labé, French poet and author (b. 1520)
  • 1566 – Diane de Poitiers, mistress of King Henry II of France (b. 1499)
  • 1595Torquato Tasso, Italian poet and songwriter (b. 1544)
  • 1605Naresuan, Siamese King of Ayutthaya Kingdom (b. c. 1555)
  • 1644Chongzhen Emperor of China (b. 1611)
  • 1660Henry Hammond, English cleric and theologian (b. 1605)
  • 1690David Teniers the Younger, Flemish painter and educator (b. 1610)
  • 1744Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer, physicist, and mathematician (b. 1701)
  • 1770Jean-Antoine Nollet, French minister, physicist, and academic (b. 1700)
  • 1800William Cowper, English poet (b. 1731)
  • 1840Siméon Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (b. 1781)
  • 1873Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian painter and sculptor (b. 1783)
  • 187512th Dalai Lama (b. 1857)
  • 1878Anna Sewell, English author (b. 1820)
  • 1890Crowfoot, Canadian tribal chief (b. 1830)
  • 1891Nathaniel Woodard, English priest and educator (b. 1811)
  • 1892Henri Duveyrier, French explorer (b. 1840)
  • 1892 – Karl von Ditmar, Estonian-German geologist and explorer (b. 1822)
  • 1906John Knowles Paine, American composer and educator (b. 1839)
  • 1911Emilio Salgari, Italian journalist and author (b. 1862)
  • 1913Joseph-Alfred Archambeault, Canadian bishop (b. 1859)
  • 1915Frederick W. Seward, American journalist, lawyer, and politician, 6th United States Assistant Secretary of State (b. 1830)
  • 1919Augustus D. Juilliard, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1836)
  • 1923Louis-Olivier Taillon, Canadian lawyer and politician, 8th Premier of Quebec (b. 1840)
  • 1928Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel, Russian general (b. 1878)
  • 1941Salih Bozok, Turkish commander and politician (b. 1881)
  • 1943Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Russian director, producer, and playwright (b. 1858)
  • 1944George Herriman, American cartoonist (b. 1880)
  • 1944 – Tony Mullane, Irish-American baseball player (b. 1859)
  • 1944 – William Stephens, American engineer and politician, 24th Governor of California (b. 1859)
  • 1945Huldreich Georg Früh, Swiss composer (b. 1903)
  • 1961Robert Garrett, American discus thrower and shot putter (b. 1875)
  • 1970Anita Louise, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 1972George Sanders, English actor (b. 1906)
  • 1973Olga Grey, Hungarian-American actress (b. 1896)
  • 1974Gustavo R. Vincenti, Maltese architect and developer (b. 1888)[11]
  • 1975Mike Brant, Israeli singer and songwriter (b.1947)
  • 1976Carol Reed, English director and producer (b. 1906)
  • 1976 – Markus Reiner, Israeli engineer and educator (b. 1886)
  • 1982John Cody, American cardinal (b. 1907)
  • 1983William S. Bowdern, American priest and author (b. 1897)
  • 1988Carolyn Franklin, American singer-songwriter (b. 1944)
  • 1988 – Clifford D. Simak, American journalist and author (b. 1904)
  • 1990Dexter Gordon, American saxophonist, composer, and actor (b. 1923)
  • 1992Yutaka Ozaki, Japanese singer-songwriter (b. 1965)
  • 1995Art Fleming, American game show host (b. 1925)
  • 1995 – Ginger Rogers, American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1911)
  • 1995 – Lev Shankovsky, Ukrainian military historian (b. 1903)
  • 1996Saul Bass, American graphic designer and director (b. 1920)
  • 1998Wright Morris, American author and photographer (b. 1910)
  • 1999Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin, Irish journalist and author (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Roger Troutman, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1951)
  • 2000Lucien Le Cam, French mathematician and statistician (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – David Merrick, American director and producer (b. 1911)
  • 2001Michele Alboreto, Italian racing driver (b. 1956)
  • 2002Lisa Lopes, American rapper and dancer (b. 1971)
  • 2003Samson Kitur, Kenyan runner (b. 1966)
  • 2004Thom Gunn, English-American poet and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2005Jim Barker, American politician (b. 1935)
  • 2005 – Swami Ranganathananda, Indian monk and educator (b. 1908)
  • 2006Jane Jacobs, American-Canadian journalist, author, and activist (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Peter Law, Welsh politician and independent member of parliament (b. 1948)[12]
  • 2007Alan Ball Jr., English footballer and manager (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Arthur Milton, English footballer and cricketer (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Bobby Pickett, American singer-songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2008Humphrey Lyttelton, English trumpet player, composer, and radio host (b. 1921)
  • 2009Bea Arthur, American actress and singer (b. 1922)
  • 2010Dorothy Provine, American actress and singer (b. 1935)
  • 2010 – Alan Sillitoe, English novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet (b. 1928)
  • 2011Poly Styrene, British musician (b. 1957)
  • 2012Gerry Bahen, Australian footballer (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Denny Jones, American rancher and politician (b. 1910)
  • 2012 – Moscelyne Larkin, American ballerina and educator (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Louis le Brocquy, Irish painter and illustrator (b. 1916)
  • 2013Brian Adam, Scottish biochemist and politician (b. 1948)
  • 2013 – Jacob Avshalomov, American composer and conductor (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – György Berencsi, Hungarian virologist and academic (b. 1941)
  • 2013 – Rick Camp, American baseball player (b. 1953)
  • 2014Dan Heap, Canadian priest and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – William Judson Holloway Jr., American soldier, lawyer, and judge (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Earl Morrall, American football player and coach (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Tito Vilanova, Spanish footballer and manager (b. 1968)
  • 2014 – Stefanie Zweig, German journalist and author (b. 1932)
  • 2015Jim Fanning, American-Canadian baseball player and manager (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Matthias Kuhle, German geographer and academic (b. 1948)
  • 2015 – Don Mankiewicz, American screenwriter and novelist (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Mike Phillips, American basketball player (b. 1956)
  • 2016Tom Lewis, Australian politician, 33rd Premier of New South Wales (b. 1922)
  • 2018Madeeha Gauhar, Pakistani actress, playwright and director of social theater, and women's rights activist (b. 1956)
  • 2019John Havlicek, American basketball player (b. 1940)[13]

Holidays and observances

  • Anniversary of the First Cabinet of Kurdish Government (Iraqi Kurdistan)
  • Anzac Day (Australia, New Zealand)
  • Arbor Day (Germany)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Giovanni Battista Piamarta
    • Major Rogation (Western Christianity)
    • Mark the Evangelist
    • Maughold
    • Philo and Agathopodes
    • Anianus of Alexandria
    • April 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • DNA Day
  • Flag Day (Faroe Islands)
  • Freedom Day (Portugal)
  • Liberation Day (Italy)
  • Liberation Day (South Georgia)
  • Military Foundation Day (North Korea)
  • Parental Alienation Awareness Day
  • Red Hat Society Day
  • Sinai Liberation Day (Egypt)
  • World Malaria Day


References

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External links

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