Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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Events

  • 215 BCA temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene.
  • 599 – Maya king Uneh Chan of Calakmul attacks rival city-state Palenque in southern Mexico, defeating queen Yohl Ik'nal and sacking the city.
  • 711Dagobert III succeeds his father King Childebert III as King of the Franks.
  • 1014Battle of Clontarf: High King of Ireland Brian Boru defeats Viking invaders, but is killed in battle.
  • 1016Edmund Ironside succeeds his father Æthelred the Unready as King of England.
  • 1343St. George's Night Uprising commences in the Duchy of Estonia.
  • 1348 – The founding of the Order of the Garter by King Edward III is announced on St. George's Day.
  • 1516 – The Munich Reinheitsgebot (regarding the ingredients of beer) takes effect in all of Bavaria.
  • 1521Battle of Villalar: King Charles I of Spain defeats the Comuneros.
  • 1635 – The first public school in the United States, Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston.
  • 1655 – The Siege of Santo Domingo begins during the Anglo-Spanish War, and fails seven days later.
  • 1660Treaty of Oliva is established between Sweden and Poland.
  • 1661 – King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland is crowned in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1815The Second Serbian Uprising: A second phase of the national revolution of the Serbs against the Ottoman Empire, erupts shortly after the annexation of the country to the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1879 – Fire burns down the second main building and dome of the University of Notre Dame, which prompts the construction of the third, and current, Main Building with its golden dome.
  • 1914 – First baseball game at Wrigley Field, then known as Weeghman Park, in Chicago.
  • 1918World War I: The British Royal Navy makes a raid in an attempt to neutralise the Belgian port of Bruges-Zeebrugge.
  • 1920 – The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) is founded in Ankara. The assembly denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces the preparation of a temporary constitution.
  • 1927Cardiff City defeat Arsenal in the FA Cup Final, the only time it has been won by a team not based in England.
  • 1935 – The Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted.
  • 1940 – The Rhythm Club fire at a dance hall in Natchez, Mississippi, kills 198 people.
  • 1941World War II: The Greek government and King George II evacuate Athens before the invading Wehrmacht.
  • 1942 – World War II: Baedeker Blitz: German bombers hit Exeter, Bath and York in retaliation for the British raid on Lübeck.
  • 1945 – World War II: Adolf Hitler's designated successor, Hermann Göring, sends him a telegram asking permission to take leadership of the Third Reich. Martin Bormann and Joseph Goebbels advise Hitler that the telegram is treasonous.
  • 1946Manuel Roxas is elected the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
  • 1949Chinese Civil War: Establishment of the People's Liberation Army Navy.
  • 1951Cold War: American journalist William N. Oatis is arrested for espionage by the Communist government of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1961Algiers putsch by French generals.
  • 1967Soviet space program: Soyuz 1 (Russian: Союз 1, Union 1) a manned spaceflight carrying cosmonaut Colonel Vladimir Komarov is launched into orbit.
  • 1968Vietnam War: Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university.
  • 1971Bangladesh Liberation War: The Pakistan Army and Razakars massacre approximately 3,000 Hindu emigrants in the Jathibhanga area of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
  • 1985Coca-Cola changes its formula and releases New Coke. The response is overwhelmingly negative, and the original formula is back on the market in less than three months.
  • 1990Namibia becomes the 160th member of the United Nations and the 50th member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1993Eritreans vote overwhelmingly for independence from Ethiopia in a United Nations-monitored referendum.
  • 1993 – Sri Lankan politician Lalith Athulathmudali is assassinated while addressing a gathering, approximately four weeks ahead of the Provincial Council elections for the Western Province.
  • 1999NATO bombs the headquarters of Radio Television of Serbia, as part of their aerial campaign against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • 2005 – The first ever YouTube video, titled "Me at the zoo", was published by co-founder Jawed Karim.[1]
  • 2013 – At least 28 people are killed and more than 70 are injured as violence breaks out in Hawija, Iraq.
  • 2018 – A vehicle-ramming attack kills 10 people and injures 16 in Toronto. A 25-year-old suspect, Alek Minassian, is arrested.[2]
  • 2019 – The 2019 Hpakant jade mine collapse in Myanmar kills four miners and two rescuers.[3]

Births

  • 1141 (probable)[4]Malcolm IV of Scotland (d. 1165)
  • 1185Afonso II of Portugal (d. 1223)[5]
  • 1408John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford (d. 1462)[6]
  • 1420George of Poděbrady, King of Bohemia (d. 1471)
  • 1464Joan of France, Duchess of Berry (d. 1505)
  • 1464 – Robert Fayrfax, English Renaissance composer (d. 1521)
  • 1484Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italian physician and scholar (d. 1558)
  • 1500Alexander Ales, Scottish theologian and academic (d. 1565)
  • 1500 – Johann Stumpf, Swiss writer (d. 1576)
  • 1512Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel, Chancellor of the University of Oxford (d. 1580)
  • 1516Georg Fabricius, German poet, historian, and archaeologist (d. 1571)
  • 1598Maarten Tromp, Dutch admiral (d. 1653)
  • 1621William Penn, English admiral and politician (d. 1670)
  • 1628Johannes Hudde, Dutch mathematician and politician (d. 1704)
  • 1661Issachar Berend Lehmann, German-Jewish banker, merchant and diplomat (d. 1730)
  • 1715Johann Friedrich Doles, German composer and conductor (d. 1797)
  • 1720Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi and author (d. 1797)
  • 1744Princess Charlotte Amalie Wilhelmine of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön (d. 1770)
  • 1748Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (d. 1794)
  • 1791James Buchanan, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 15th President of the United States (d. 1868)
  • 1792Thomas Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist (d. 1882)
  • 1794Wei Yuan, Chinese scholar and author (d. 1856)
  • 1805Johann Karl Friedrich Rosenkranz, German philosopher and academic (d. 1879)
  • 1812Frederick Whitaker, English-New Zealand lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1891)
  • 1813Stephen A. Douglas, American educator and politician, 7th Illinois Secretary of State (d. 1861)
  • 1813 – Frédéric Ozanam, Italian-French historian and scholar (d. 1853)
  • 1818James Anthony Froude, English historian, novelist, biographer and editor (d. 1894)
  • 1819Edward Stafford, Scottish-New Zealand educator and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1901)
  • 1853Winthrop M. Crane, American businessman and politician, 40th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1920)
  • 1856Granville Woods, American inventor and engineer (d. 1910)
  • 1857Ruggero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (d. 1919)
  • 1858Max Planck, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1947)
  • 1860Justinian Oxenham, Australian public servant (d. 1932)
  • 1861Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, English field marshal and diplomat, British High Commissioner in Egypt (d. 1936)
  • 1861 – John Peltz, American baseball player and manager (d. 1906)
  • 1865Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general (d. 1943)
  • 1867Johannes Fibiger, Danish physician and pathologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)
  • 1876Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian and author (d. 1925)
  • 1880Michel Fokine, Russian dancer and choreographer (d. 1942)
  • 1882Albert Coates, English composer and conductor (d. 1953)
  • 1888Georges Vanier, Canadian general and politician, 19th Governor General of Canada (d. 1967)
  • 1889Karel Doorman, Dutch admiral (d. 1942)
  • 1893Frank Borzage, American actor and director (d. 1952)
  • 1895Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand author and director (d. 1982)[7]
  • 1897Folke Jansson, American general (d. 1965)
  • 1897 – Lester B. Pearson, Canadian historian and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Canada, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1972)
  • 1898Lucius D. Clay, American general (d. 1978)
  • 1899Bertil Ohlin, Swedish economist and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1899 – Minoru Shirota, Japanese physician and microbiologist, invented Yakult (d. 1982)
  • 1900Jim Bottomley, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1959)
  • 1900 – Joseph Green, Polish-American actor and director (d. 1996)
  • 1901E. B. Ford, English biologist and geneticist (d. 1988)
  • 1902Halldór Laxness, Icelandic author and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1903Guy Simonds, English-Canadian general (d. 1974)
  • 1904Clifford Bricker, Canadian long-distance runner (d. 1980)
  • 1904 – Louis Muhlstock, Polish-Canadian painter (d. 2001)
  • 1904 – Duncan Renaldo, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1907Lee Miller, American model and photographer (d. 1977)
  • 1907 – Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor, designed the Wotruba Church (d. 1975)
  • 1908Myron Waldman, American animator and director (d. 2006)
  • 1910Sheila Scott Macintyre, Scottish mathematician (d. 1960)[8]
  • 1910 – Simone Simon, French actress (d. 2005)[9]
  • 1911Ronald Neame, English-American director, cinematographer, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1913Diosa Costello, Puerto Rican-American entertainer, producer and club owner (d. 2013)
  • 1915Arnold Alexander Hall, English engineer, academic, and businessman (d. 2000)
  • 1916Yiannis Moralis, Greek painter and educator (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Sinah Estelle Kelley, American chemist (d. 1982)
  • 1917Dorian Leigh, American model (d. 2008)
  • 1917 – Tony Lupien, American baseball player and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1918Maurice Druon, French author and screenwriter (d. 2009)[10]
  • 1919Oleg Penkovsky, Russian colonel (d. 1963)
  • 1920Eric Grant Yarrow, 3rd Baronet, English businessman (d. 2018)
  • 1921Judy Agnew, Second Lady of the United States (d. 2012)[11]
  • 1921 – Cleto Bellucci, Italian archbishop (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Janet Blair, American actress and singer (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Warren Spahn, American baseball player and coach (d. 2003)
  • 1923Dolph Briscoe, American lieutenant and politician, 41st Governor of Texas (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – Avram Davidson, American soldier and author (d. 1993)
  • 1924Chuck Harmon, American baseball player and scout (d. 2019)
  • 1924 – Bobby Rosengarden, American drummer and bandleader (d. 2007)
  • 1926J.P. Donleavy, American-Irish novelist and playwright (d. 2017)
  • 1926 – Rifaat el-Mahgoub, Egyptian politician (d. 1990)
  • 1928Shirley Temple, American actress, singer, dancer, and diplomat (d. 2014)[12]
  • 1929George Steiner, French-American philosopher, author, and critic (d. 2020)[13]
  • 1932Halston, American fashion designer (d. 1990)
  • 1932 – Jim Fixx, American runner and author (d. 1984)
  • 1933Annie Easley, American computer scientist, mathematician, and engineer (d. 2011)
  • 1934George Canseco, Filipino composer and producer (d. 2004)
  • 1936Roy Orbison, American singer-songwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1937Victoria Glendinning, English author and critic
  • 1937 – David Mills, English cricketer (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Barry Shepherd, Australian cricketer (d. 2001)
  • 1939Jorge Fons, Mexican director and screenwriter
  • 1939 – Bill Hagerty, English journalist
  • 1939 – Lee Majors, American actor
  • 1939 – Ray Peterson, American pop singer (d. 2005)
  • 1940Michael Copps, American academic and politician
  • 1940 – Dale Houston, American singer-songwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – Michael Kadosh, Israeli footballer and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1941Jacqueline Boyer, French singer and actress
  • 1941 – Arie den Hartog, Dutch road bicycle racer (d. 2018)
  • 1941 – Paavo Lipponen, Finnish journalist and politician, 38th Prime Minister of Finland
  • 1941 – Michael Lynne, American film producer, co-founded New Line Cinema
  • 1941 – Ed Stewart, English radio and television host (d. 2016)
  • 1941 – Ray Tomlinson, American computer programmer and engineer (d. 2016)
  • 1942Sandra Dee, American model and actress (d. 2005)
  • 1943Gail Goodrich, American basketball player and coach
  • 1943 – Tony Esposito, Canadian-American ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1943 – Frans Koppelaar, Dutch painter
  • 1943 – Hervé Villechaize, French actor (d. 1993)
  • 1944Jean-François Stévenin, French actor and director
  • 1946Blair Brown, American actress
  • 1946 – Carlton Sherwood, American soldier and journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1947Robert Burgess, English sociologist and academic
  • 1947 – Glenn Cornick, English bass player (d. 2014)
  • 1947 – Bernadette Devlin McAliskey, Irish civil rights leader and politician
  • 1948Pascal Quignard, French author and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Serge Thériault, Canadian actor
  • 1949Paul Collier, English economist and academic
  • 1949 – David Cross, English violinist
  • 1949 – John Miles, British rock singer, songwriter, and guitarist
  • 1950Rowley Leigh, English chef and journalist
  • 1950 – Barbara McIlvaine Smith, Sac and Fox Nation Native American politician
  • 1951Martin Bayerle, American treasure hunter
  • 1952Narada Michael Walden, American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1953James Russo, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1954Stephen Dalton, English air marshal
  • 1954 – Michael Moore, American director, producer, and activist
  • 1955Judy Davis, Australian actress
  • 1955 – Tony Miles, English chess player (d. 2001)
  • 1955 – Urmas Ott, Estonian journalist and author (d. 2008)
  • 1957Neville Brody, English graphic designer, typographer, and art director
  • 1957 – Jan Hooks, American actress and comedian (d. 2014)
  • 1958Hilmar Örn Hilmarsson, Icelandic composer and producer
  • 1958 – Ryan Walter, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1959Unity Dow, Botswanan judge, author, and rights activist[14]
  • 1960Valerie Bertinelli, American actress
  • 1960 – Steve Clark, English guitarist and songwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1960 – Barry Douglas, Irish pianist and conductor
  • 1960 – Léo Jaime, Brazilian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1960 – Claude Julien, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1961George Lopez, American comedian, actor, and talk show host
  • 1961 – Pierluigi Martini, Italian race car driver
  • 1962John Hannah, Scottish actor and producer
  • 1962 – Shaun Spiers, English businessman and politician
  • 1963Paul Belmondo, French race car driver
  • 1963 – Robby Naish, American windsurfer
  • 1964Gianandrea Noseda, Italian pianist and conductor
  • 1965Leni Robredo, Filipina human rights lawyer, 14th Vice President of the Philippines
  • 1966Jörg Deisinger, German bass player
  • 1966 – Matt Freeman, American bass player
  • 1966 – Lembit Oll, Estonian chess Grandmaster (d. 1999)
  • 1967Rheal Cormier, Canadian baseball player
  • 1967 – Melina Kanakaredes, American actress
  • 1968Bas Haring, Dutch philosopher, writer, television presenter and professor.
  • 1968 – Ken McRae, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1968 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist, Oklahoma City bombing co-perpetrator (d. 2001)
  • 1969Martín López-Zubero, American-Spanish swimmer and coach
  • 1969 – Yelena Shushunova, Russian gymnast
  • 1970Egemen Bağış, Turkish politician, 1st Minister of European Union Affairs
  • 1970 – Dennis Culp, American singer-songwriter and trombonist
  • 1970 – Andrew Gee, Australian rugby league player and manager
  • 1970 – Hans Välimäki, Finnish chef and author
  • 1970 – Tayfur Havutçu, Turkish international footballer and manager
  • 1971Uli Herzner, German-American fashion designer
  • 1972Pierre Labrie, Canadian poet and playwright
  • 1972 – Peter Dench, English photographer and journalist
  • 1972 – Amira Medunjanin, singer from Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 1973Patrick Poulin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974Carlos Dengler, American bass player
  • 1974 – Michael Kerr, New Zealand-German rugby player
  • 1975Bobby Shaw, American football player
  • 1976Aaron Dessner, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1977John Cena, American professional wrestler and actor
  • 1977 – David Kidwell, New Zealand rugby league player and coach
  • 1977 – Willie Mitchell, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – John Oliver, English comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1977 – Kal Penn, Indian-American actor
  • 1977 – Bram Schmitz, Dutch cyclist
  • 1977 – Lee Young-pyo, South Korean international footballer[15]
  • 1978Gezahegne Abera, Ethiopian runner
  • 1979Barry Hawkins, English snooker player
  • 1979 – Jaime King, American actress and model
  • 1979 – Joanna Krupa, Polish-American model and television personality
  • 1979 – Samppa Lajunen, Finnish skier
  • 1980Nicole den Dulk, Dutch Paralympic equestrian[16]
  • 1982Kyle Beckerman, American footballer[17]
  • 1982 – Tony Sunshine, American singer-songwriter
  • 1983Leon Andreasen, Danish international footballer[18]
  • 1983 – Daniela Hantuchová, Slovak tennis player
  • 1983 – Ian Henderson, English rugby league player
  • 1984Alexandra Kosteniuk, Russian chess player
  • 1984 – Jesse Lee Soffer, American actor
  • 1985Angel Locsin, Filipino actress, producer, and fashion designer
  • 1986Sven Kramer, Dutch speed skater
  • 1986 – Alysia Montaño, American runner
  • 1986 – Rafael Fernandes, Brazilian baseball player
  • 1987Michael Arroyo, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1987 – John Boye, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1987 – Emily Fox, American basketball player
  • 1988Victor Anichebe, Nigerian footballer
  • 1988 – Alistair Brownlee, English triathlete
  • 1988 – Signe Ronka, Canadian figure skater
  • 1988 – Lenka Wienerová, Slovak tennis player
  • 1989Nicole Vaidišová, Czech tennis player
  • 1990Rui Fonte, Portuguese footballer, winger[19]
  • 1990 – Dev Patel, English actor
  • 1991Nathan Baker, English footballer
  • 1991 – Caleb Johnson, American singer-songwriter
  • 1991 – Paul Vaughan, Australian-Italian rugby league player
  • 1994Patrick Olsen, Danish footballer
  • 1994 – Song Kang, South Korean actor
  • 1995Gigi Hadid, American fashion model and television personality
  • 1997Zach Apple, American swimmer[20]

Deaths

  • 303Saint George, Roman soldier and martyr (b. 275)
  • 711Childebert III, Frankish king (b. 670)
  • 725Wihtred of Kent (b. 670)
  • 871Æthelred of Wessex (b. 837)
  • 915Yang Shihou, Chinese general
  • 944Wichmann the Elder, Saxon nobleman
  • 990Ekkehard II, Swiss monk and abbot[21]
  • 997Adalbert of Prague, Czech bishop, missionary, and saint (b. 956)
  • 1014Brian Boru, Irish king (b. 941)
  • 1014Domnall mac Eimín, Mormaer of Mar
  • 1016Æthelred the Unready, English son of Edgar the Peaceful (b. 968)
  • 1124Alexander I of Scotland (b. 1078)
  • 1151Adeliza of Louvain (b. 1103)
  • 1170Minamoto no Tametomo, Japanese samurai (b. 1139)
  • 1196Béla III of Hungary (b. c.1148)
  • 1200Zhu Xi, Chinese philosopher (b. 1130)
  • 1217Inge II of Norway (b. 1185)
  • 1262Aegidius of Assisi, companion of Saint Francis of Assisi
  • 1307Joan of Acre (b. 1272)
  • 1400Aubrey de Vere, 10th Earl of Oxford, English politician and nobleman (b. c. 1338)
  • 1407Olivier de Clisson, French soldier (b. 1326)
  • 1501Domenico della Rovere, Catholic cardinal (b. 1442)
  • 1554Gaspara Stampa, Italian poet (b. 1523)
  • 1605Boris Godunov, Russian ruler (b. 1551)
  • 1616William Shakespeare, English playwright and poet (b. 1564)
  • 1625Maurice, Prince of Orange (b. 1567)
  • 1695Henry Vaughan, Welsh poet and author (b. 1621)
  • 1702Margaret Fell, English religious leader, founded the Religious Society of Friends (b. 1614)
  • 1781James Abercrombie, Scottish general and politician (b. 1706)
  • 1784Solomon I of Imereti (b. 1735)
  • 1792Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and author (b. 1741)
  • 1794Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French lawyer and politician (b. 1721)
  • 1827Georgios Karaiskakis, Greek general (b. 1780)
  • 1839Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French admiral and explorer (b. 1768)
  • 1850William Wordsworth, English poet and author (b. 1770)
  • 1889Jules Amédée Barbey d'Aurevilly, French author and critic (b. 1808)
  • 1895Carl Ludwig, German physician and physiologist (b. 1815)
  • 1905Gédéon Ouimet, Canadian politician, 2nd Premier of Quebec (b. 1823)
  • 1907Alferd Packer, American prospector (b. 1842)
  • 1915Rupert Brooke, English poet (b. 1887)
  • 1936Teresa de la Parra, French-Venezuelan author (b. 1889)
  • 1951Jules Berry, French actor and director (b. 1883)
  • 1951 – Charles G. Dawes, American banker and politician, 30th Vice President of the United States, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1959Bak Jungyang, Korean politician
  • 1965George Adamski, Polish-American ufologist and author (b. 1891)
  • 1966George Ohsawa, Japanese founder of the Macrobiotic diet (b. 1893)
  • 1981Josep Pla, Catalan journalist and author (b. 1897)
  • 1983Buster Crabbe, American swimmer and actor (b. 1908)
  • 1984Red Garland, American pianist (b. 1923)
  • 1985Sam Ervin, American lawyer and politician (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Frank Farrell, Australian rugby league player and policeman (b. 1916)
  • 1986Harold Arlen, American composer (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Jim Laker, English cricketer and sportscaster (b. 1922)
  • 1986 – Otto Preminger, Ukrainian-American actor, director, and producer (b. 1906)
  • 1990Paulette Goddard, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 1991Johnny Thunders, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1952)
  • 1992Satyajit Ray, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 1992 – Tanka Prasad Acharya, Nepalese politician, 27th Prime Minister of Nepal (b. 1912)
  • 1993Cesar Chavez, American activist, co-founded the United Farm Workers (b. 1927)
  • 1995Douglas Lloyd Campbell, Canadian farmer and politician, 13th Premier of Manitoba (b. 1895)
  • 1995 – Howard Cosell, American lawyer and journalist (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – Riho Lahi, Estonian journalist (b. 1904)
  • 1995 – John C. Stennis, American lawyer and politician (b. 1904)
  • 1996Jean Victor Allard, Canadian general (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – P. L. Travers, Australian-English author and actress (b. 1899)
  • 1997Denis Compton, English cricketer and footballer (b. 1918)
  • 1998Konstantinos Karamanlis, Greek lawyer and politician, 172nd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – James Earl Ray, American assassin of Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. 1928)
  • 1998 – Thanassis Skordalos, Greek singer-songwriter and lyra player (b. 1920)
  • 2003Fernand Fonssagrives, French-American photographer (b. 1910)
  • 2004Herman Veenstra, Dutch water polo player (b. 1911)
  • 2005Joh Bjelke-Petersen, New Zealand-Australian politician, 31st Premier of Queensland (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Robert Farnon, Canadian-English trumpet player, composer and conductor (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Al Grassby, Australian journalist and politician (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – John Mills, English actor (b. 1908)
  • 2005 – Romano Scarpa, Italian author and illustrator (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Earl Wilson, American baseball player, coach and educator (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Phil Walden, American record producer and manager, co-founder of Capricorn Records (b. 1940)
  • 2007Paul Erdman, Canadian-American economist and author (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – David Halberstam, American journalist, historian and author (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Peter Randall, English sergeant (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Boris Yeltsin, Russian politician, 1st President of Russia (b. 1931)
  • 2010Peter Porter, Australian-born British poet (b. 1929)
  • 2011James Casey, English comedian, radio scriptwriter and producer (b. 1922)
  • 2011 – Tom King, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2011 – Geoffrey Russell, 4th Baron Ampthill, English businessman and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2011 – Max van der Stoel, Dutch politician and Minister of State (b. 1924)
  • 2011 – John Sullivan, English screenwriter and producer (b. 1946)
  • 2012Lillemor Arvidsson, Swedish trade union leader and politician, 34th Governor of Gotland (b. 1943)
  • 2012 – Billy Bryans, Canadian drummer, songwriter and producer (b. 1947)
  • 2012 – Chris Ethridge, American bass player and songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2012 – Raymond Thorsteinsson, Canadian geologist and paleontologist (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – LeRoy T. Walker, American football player and coach (b. 1918)
  • 2013Bob Brozman, American guitarist (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Robert W. Edgar, American educator and politician (b. 1943)
  • 2013 – Tony Grealish, English footballer (b. 1956)
  • 2013 – Antonio Maccanico, Italian banker and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Frank W. J. Olver, English-American mathematician and academic (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Kathryn Wasserman Davis, American philanthropist and scholar (b. 1907)
  • 2014Benjamín Brea, Spanish-Venezuelan saxophonist, clarinet player, and conductor (b. 1946)
  • 2014 – Michael Glawogger, Austrian director, screenwriter, and cinematographer (b. 1959)
  • 2014 – Jaap Havekotte, Dutch speed skater and producer of ice skates (b. 1912)
  • 2014 – Connie Marrero, Cuban baseball player and coach (b. 1911)
  • 2014 – F. Michael Rogers, American general (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Mark Shand, English conservationist and author (b. 1951)
  • 2014 – Patric Standford, English composer and educator (b. 1939)
  • 2015Richard Corliss, American journalist and critic (b. 1944)
  • 2015 – Ray Jackson, Australian activist (b. 1941)
  • 2015 – Pierre Claude Nolin, Canadian lawyer and politician, Speaker of the Canadian Senate (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Jim Steffen, American football player (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Francis Tsai, American author and illustrator (b. 1967)
  • 2016Inge King, German-born Australian sculptor (b. 1915)
  • 2016 – Banharn Silpa-archa, Thai politician, Prime Minister from 1995–1996 (b. 1932)
  • 2019Charity Sunshine Tillemann-Dick, American soprano singer and presenter (b.1983) [22]

Holidays and observances

  • Castile and León Day (Castile and León)
  • Christian feast day:
    • Adalbert of Prague
    • Felix, Fortunatus, and Achilleus
    • George
    • Blessed Giles of Assisi
    • Gerard of Toul
    • Ibar of Beggerin (Meath)
    • Toyohiko Kagawa (Episcopal and Lutheran Church)
    • April 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Earliest day on which the first day of Children's Day can fall, while April 29 is the latest; celebrated on the last Saturday of April. (Colombia)
  • Independence Day (Conch Republic, Key West, Florida)
  • International Pixel-Stained Technopeasant Day
  • Khongjom Day (Manipur)
  • National Sovereignty and Children's Day (Turkey and Northern Cyprus)
  • Navy Day (China)
  • St George's Day (England) and its related observances:
    • Canada Book Day (Canada)
    • La Diada de Sant Jordi (Catalonia, Spain)
    • World Book Day
  • UN English Language Day (United Nations)

References

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  17. Tony Hendroyono. Fifa World Cup 2010: Laga Akbar Tim Sepak Bola Dunia
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  22. Template:Cite website

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External links

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