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  2021 (Thursday)
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  2013 (Monday)
  2012 (Sunday)

[[Category:Script error: No such module "pagetype". with short description]]Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.Script error: No such module "SDcat".April 22 is the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". day of the year (Script error: No such module "Ordinal". in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 253 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 238Year of the Six Emperors: The Roman Senate outlaws emperor Maximinus Thrax for his bloodthirsty proscriptions in Rome and nominates two of its members, Pupienus and Balbinus, to the throne.
  • 1500 – Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral lands in Brazil.
  • 1519 – Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés establishes a settlement at Veracruz, Mexico.
  • 1529Treaty of Zaragoza divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal along a line 297.5 leagues (Script error: No such module "convert".) east of the Moluccas.[1]
  • 1622 – The Capture of Ormuz by the East India Company ends Portuguese control of Hormuz Island.
  • 1809 – The second day of the Battle of Eckmühl: The Austrian army is defeated by the First French Empire army led by Napoleon and driven over the Danube in Regensburg.
  • 1836Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto, forces under Texas General Sam Houston identify Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna among the captives of the battle when some of his fellow soldiers mistakenly give away his identity.[2]
  • 1864 – The U.S. Congress passes the Coinage Act of 1864 that mandates that the inscription In God We Trust be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.
  • 1876 – The first game in the history of the National League was played at the Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia. This game is often pointed to as the beginning of Major League Baseball.
  • 1889 – At noon, thousands rush to claim land in the Land Rush of 1889. Within hours the cities of Oklahoma City and Guthrie are formed with populations of at least 10,000.
  • 1898Spanish–American War: The Template:Ship captures a Spanish merchant ship.
  • 1906 – The 1906 Intercalated Games, now recognized as part of the official Olympic Games, open in Athens.[3]
  • 1915 – The use of poison gas in World War I escalates when chlorine gas is released as a chemical weapon in the Second Battle of Ypres.
  • 1930 – The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
  • 1944 – The 1st Air Commando Group using Sikorsky R-4 helicopters stage the first use of helicopters in combat with combat search and rescue operations in the China Burma India Theater.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Persecution is initiated: Allied forces land in the Hollandia (currently known as Jayapura) area of New Guinea.
  • 1944 – World War II: In Greenland, the Allied Sledge Patrol attack the German Bassgeiger weather station.[4]
  • 1945 – World War II: Prisoners at the Jasenovac concentration camp revolt. Five hundred twenty are killed and around eighty escape.
  • 1948Arab–Israeli War: The port city of Haifa is captured by Jewish forces.
  • 1951Korean War: The Chinese People's Volunteer Army begin assaulting positions defended by the Royal Australian Regiment and the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry at the Battle of Kapyong.
  • 1954Red Scare: Witnesses begin testifying and live television coverage of the Army–McCarthy hearings begins.
  • 1969 – British yachtsman Sir Robin Knox-Johnston wins the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race and completes the first solo non-stop circumnavigation of the world.
  • 1969 – The formation of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) is announced at a mass rally in Calcutta.
  • 1970 – The first Earth Day is celebrated.[5]
  • 1972Increased American bombing in Vietnam prompts anti-war protests in Los Angeles, New York City, and San Francisco.
  • 1977Optical fiber is first used to carry live telephone traffic.
  • 1983 – The German magazine Stern claims the "Hitler Diaries" had been found in wreckage in East Germany; the diaries are subsequently revealed to be forgeries.
  • 1992 – In a series of explosions in Guadalajara, Mexico, 206 people are killed, nearly 500 injured and 15,000 left homeless.
  • 1993 – Eighteen-year-old Stephen Lawrence is murdered in a racially motivated attack while waiting for a bus in Well Hall, Eltham.
  • 1997Haouch Khemisti massacre in Algeria where 93 villagers are killed.
  • 2000 – In a pre-dawn raid, federal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives' home in Miami.
  • 2004 – Two fuel trains collide in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.
  • 2005 – Japan's Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi apologizes for Japan's war record.
  • 2008 – The United States Air Force retires the remaining F-117 Nighthawk aircraft in service.
  • 2013 – The Royal Canadian Mounted Police arrest and charge two men with plotting to disrupt a Toronto area train service in a plot claimed to be backed by Al-Qaeda elements.
  • 2014 – More than 60 people are killed and 80 are seriously injured in a train crash in the Democratic Republic of the Congo's Katanga Province.
  • 2016 – The Paris Agreement is signed, an agreement to help fight global warming.
  • 2019 – The 2019 Luzon earthquake kills at least 18 people in the Philippines.[6]

Births

  • 1412Reinhard III, Count of Hanau (1451–1452) (d. 1452)
  • 1444Elizabeth of York, Duchess of Suffolk (d. 1503)
  • 1451Isabella I of Castile (d. 1504)
  • 1518Antoine of Navarre (d. 1562)
  • 1592Wilhelm Schickard, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1635)
  • 1610Pope Alexander VIII (d. 1691)
  • 1658Giuseppe Torelli, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1709)
  • 1690John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English politician, Lord President of the Council (d. 1763)
  • 1707Henry Fielding, English novelist and playwright (d. 1754)
  • 1711Paul II Anton, Prince Esterházy, Austrian soldier (d. 1762)
  • 1724Immanuel Kant, German anthropologist, philosopher, and academic (d. 1804)
  • 1732John Johnson, English architect and surveyor (d. 1814)
  • 1744James Sullivan, American lawyer and politician, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1808)
  • 1757Alessandro Rolla, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1841)
  • 1766Germaine de Staël, French author and political philosopher (d. 1817)
  • 1812Solomon Caesar Malan, Swiss-English orientalist (d. 1894)
  • 1816Charles-Denis Bourbaki, French general (d. 1897)
  • 1830Emily Davies, British suffragist and educator, co-founder and an early Mistress of Girton College, Cambridge University[7]
  • 1832Julius Sterling Morton, American journalist and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of Agriculture (d. 1902)
  • 1844Lewis Powell, American soldier, attempted assassin of William H. Seward (d. 1865)
  • 1852William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (d. 1912)
  • 1858Ethel Smyth, English composer (d. 1944)[8]
  • 1854Henri La Fontaine, Belgian lawyer and author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1943)
  • 1860Ada Rehan, Irish-American actress (d. 1916)
  • 1870Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary and founder of Soviet Russia (d. 1924)
  • 1872Princess Margaret of Prussia (d. 1954)
  • 1873Ellen Glasgow, American author (d. 1945)
  • 1876Róbert Bárány, Austrian-Swedish otologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1876 – Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler and strongman (d. 1920)
  • 1879Bernhard Gregory, Estonian-German chess player (d. 1939)
  • 1884Otto Rank, Austrian-American psychologist and academic (d. 1939)
  • 1886Izidor Cankar, Slovenian historian, author, and diplomat (d. 1958)
  • 1887Harald Bohr, Danish mathematician and footballer (d. 1951)[9]
  • 1889Richard Glücks, German SS officer (d. 1945)
  • 1891Laura Gilpin, American photographer (d. 1979)
  • 1891 – Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (d. 1965)
  • 1891 – Harold Jeffreys, English mathematician, geophysicist, and astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1891 – Nicola Sacco, Italian-American anarchist (d. 1927)
  • 1892Vernon Johns, African-American minister and activist (d. 1965)
  • 1899Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born novelist and critic (d. 1977)
  • 1900Nellie Beer, British politician, Lord Mayor of Manchester from 1966–67 (d. 1988) [10]
  • 1904J. Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist and academic (d. 1967)
  • 1905Robert Choquette, American-Canadian author, poet, and diplomat (d. 1991)
  • 1906Eric Fenby, English composer and educator (d. 1997)
  • 1906 – Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten (d. 1947)
  • 1908Ivan Yefremov, Russian paleontologist and author (d. 1972)
  • 1909Rita Levi-Montalcini, Sephardic Jewish-Italian neurologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012)
  • 1909 – Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (d. 2001)
  • 1909 – Spyros Markezinis, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2000)
  • 1910Norman Steenrod, American mathematician and academic (d. 1971)
  • 1912Kathleen Ferrier, English operatic singer (d. 1953)
  • 1912 – Kaneto Shindo, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1914Baldev Raj Chopra, Indian director and producer (d. 2008)
  • 1914 – Jan de Hartog, Dutch-American author and playwright (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – José Quiñones Gonzales, Peruvian soldier and pilot (d. 1941)
  • 1914 – Michael Wittmann, German SS officer (d. 1944)
  • 1916Hanfried Lenz, German mathematician and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1916 – Yehudi Menuhin, American-Swiss violinist and conductor (d. 1999)
  • 1917Yvette Chauviré, French ballerina (d. 2016)
  • 1917 – Sidney Nolan, Australian painter (d. 1992)
  • 1918William Jay Smith, American poet and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1918 – Mickey Vernon, American baseball player and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1919Donald J. Cram, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – Carl Lindner, Jr., American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2011)
  • 1922Richard Diebenkorn, American soldier and painter (d. 1993)
  • 1922 – Charles Mingus, American bassist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1979)
  • 1922 – Wolf V. Vishniac, American microbiologist and academic (d. 1973)
  • 1923Peter Kane Dufault, American soldier, pilot, and poet (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Bettie Page, American model and actress (d. 2008)
  • 1923 – Aaron Spelling, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1924Nam Duck-woo, South Korean politician, 12th Prime Minister of South Korea (d. 2013)
  • 1926Charlotte Rae, American actress and singer (d. 2018)
  • 1926 – James Stirling, Scottish architect, designed the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart and Seeley Historical Library (d. 1992)
  • 1927Laurel Aitken, Cuban-Jamaican singer (d. 2005)
  • 1929Michael Atiyah, English-Lebanese mathematician and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1929 – Robert Wade-Gery, English diplomat, British High Commissioner to India (d. 2015)
  • 1930Enno Penno, Estonian politician, Prime Minister of Estonia in exile (d. 2016)
  • 1931John Buchanan, Canadian lawyer and politician, 20th Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 2019)
  • 1931 – Ronald Hynd, English dancer and choreographer
  • 1933Anthony Llewellyn, Welsh-American chemist and astronaut (d. 2013)
  • 1935Christopher Ball, English linguist and academic
  • 1935 – Paul Chambers, African-American bassist and composer (d. 1969)
  • 1935 – Bhama Srinivasan, Indian-American mathematician and academic
  • 1936Glen Campbell, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 2017)
  • 1936 – Pierre Hétu, Canadian pianist and conductor (d. 1998)
  • 1937Jack Nicholson, American actor and producer
  • 1937 – Jack Nitzsche, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and conductor (d. 2000)
  • 1938Alan Bond, English-Australian businessman (d. 2015)
  • 1938 – Gani Fawehinmi, Nigerian lawyer and activist (d. 2009)
  • 1938 – Issey Miyake, Japanese fashion designer
  • 1938 – Adam Raphael, English journalist and author
  • 1939Mel Carter, American singer and actor
  • 1939 – John Foley, English general and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey
  • 1939 – Ray Guy, Canadian journalist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1939 – Jason Miller, American actor and playwright (d. 2001)
  • 1939 – Theodor Waigel, German lawyer and politician, German Federal Minister of Finance
  • 1941Greville Howard, Baron Howard of Rising, English politician
  • 1942Giorgio Agamben, Italian philosopher and academic
  • 1942 – Mary Prior, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Bristol
  • 1943Keith Crisco, American businessman and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1943 – Janet Evanovich, American author
  • 1943 – Louise Glück, American poet
  • 1943 – John Maples, Baron Maples, English lawyer and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Defence (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Scott W. Williams, American mathematician and professor
  • 1944Steve Fossett, American businessman, pilot, and sailor (d. 2007)
  • 1944 – Doug Jarrett, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1944 – Joshua Rifkin, American conductor and musicologist
  • 1945Gopalkrishna Gandhi, Indian civil servant and politician, 22nd Governor of West Bengal
  • 1945 – Demetrio Stratos, Egyptian-Italian singer-songwriter (d. 1979)
  • 1946Steven L. Bennett, American captain and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1972)
  • 1946 – Paul Davies, English physicist and author
  • 1946 – Louise Harel, Canadian lawyer and politician
  • 1946 – Archy Kirkwood, Baron Kirkwood of Kirkhope, Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1946 – Nicholas Stern, Baron Stern of Brentford, English economist and academic
  • 1946 – John Waters, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1948John Pritchard, English bishop
  • 1949Spencer Haywood, American basketball player[11]
  • 1950Peter Frampton, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1950 – Jancis Robinson, English journalist and critic
  • 1951Paul Carrack, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Aivars Kalējs, Latvian organist, composer, and pianist
  • 1951 – Ana María Shua, Argentinian author and poet
  • 1952François Berléand, French actor
  • 1952 – Dave Loveridge, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1952 – Phil Smith, American basketball player (d. 2002)
  • 1953Valeri Bondarenko, Estonian footballer and coach
  • 1953 – Richard Broadbent, English businessman
  • 1955David Collier, English businessman
  • 1957Donald Tusk, Polish journalist and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Poland
  • 1959Keith Boanas, English footballer and manager
  • 1959 – Terry Francona, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1959 – Catherine Mary Stewart, Canadian actress
  • 1959 – Ryan Stiles, American-Canadian actor and producer
  • 1960Lloyd Honeyghan, Jamaican-English boxer
  • 1960 – Mart Laar, Estonian historian and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1960 – Randall L. Stephenson, American businessman
  • 1961Alo Mattiisen, Estonian composer (d. 1996)
  • 1961 – Ann McKechin, Scottish lawyer and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland
  • 1961 – Dewey Nicks, American photographer and director
  • 1962Danièle Sauvageau, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1963Rosalind Gill, English sociologist and academic
  • 1963 – Magnús Ver Magnússon, Icelandic weightlifter and strongman
  • 1964Paul Baxter, English footballer
  • 1965Miguel Leal, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1965 – Peter Zezel, Canadian ice hockey and soccer player (d. 2009)
  • 1966Mickey Morandini, American baseball player and manager
  • 1966 – Jeffrey Dean Morgan, American actor
  • 1967David J. C. MacKay, English physicist, engineer, and academic
  • 1967 – Sherri Shepherd, American actress and talk show panelist
  • 1967 – Harvey Williams, American football player
  • 1968Jo Angel, Australian cricketer
  • 1968 – Bimbo Coles, American basketball player and coach
  • 1968 – Zarley Zalapski, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969Dion Dublin, English footballer and sportscaster
  • 1970Erkki Bahovski, Estonian journalist
  • 1971Eric Mabius, American actor
  • 1971 – Spencer Prior, English footballer
  • 1972Sabine Appelmans, Belgian tennis player
  • 1972 – Owen Finegan, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1972 – Milka Duno, Venezuelan race car driver and engineer
  • 1972 – Sergei Hohlov-Simson, Estonian footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Willie Robertson, American hunter and businessman
  • 1973Adem Poric, English-Australian footballer
  • 1973 – Ofer Talker, Israeli footballer and manager
  • 1974Shavo Odadjian, Armenian-American bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1975Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (d. 1999)
  • 1975 – Carlos Sastre, Spanish cyclist
  • 1975 – Anders Nyström, Swedish guitarist and songwriter
  • 1976Dan Cloutier, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1976 – Paul Henderson, Australian footballer
  • 1976 – Michał Żewłakow, Polish footballer
  • 1977Mark van Bommel, Dutch footballer
  • 1978Paul Malakwen Kosgei, Kenyan runner and coach
  • 1978 – David Masters, English cricketer
  • 1978 – Matt Orford, Australian rugby league player
  • 1978 – Jason Stollsteimer, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1978 – Esteban Tuero, Argentinian race car driver
  • 1979Zoltán Gera, Hungarian international footballer and manager[12]
  • 1979 – Daniel Johns, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980Igor Budan, Croatian footballer
  • 1980 – Clarke Dermody, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1980 – Nicolas Douchez, French footballer
  • 1980 – Courtney Friel, American journalist
  • 1980 – Carlos Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1980 – Quincy Timberlake, Kenyan-Australian activist, engineer, and politician
  • 1980 – Rutledge Wood, American racing analyst and television personality[13]
  • 1981Madis Kallas, Estonian decathlete and activist
  • 1981 – Rafael Sperafico, Brazilian race car driver (d. 2007)
  • 1981 – Jonathan Trott, South African-English cricketer
  • 1982Kaká, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Cassidy Freeman, American actress and musician
  • 1982 – Joel Monaghan, Australian rugby league player
  • 1982 – David Purcey, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Aidas Reklys, Lithuanian figure skater
  • 1982 – Aleksander Saharov, Estonian footballer
  • 1982 – Noriko Shitaya, Japanese voice actress
  • 1983Remi Ayodele, American football player
  • 1983 – Sam W. Heads, English-American entomologist and palaeontologist
  • 1983 – Jos Hooiveld, Dutch footballer
  • 1983 – Matt Jones, American football player
  • 1983 – Vangelis Mantzios, Greek footballer
  • 1984Amelle Berrabah, English singer-songwriter
  • 1985Kristin Fairlie, Canadian actress
  • 1986Amber Heard, American actress and producer
  • 1986 – Marshawn Lynch, American football player
  • 1986 – Dušan Šakota, Serbian-Greek basketball player
  • 1987David Luiz, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – David Mateos, Spanish footballer
  • 1988Dee Gordon, American baseball player
  • 1989DeJuan Blair, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Jasper Cillessen, Dutch footballer
  • 1989 – Aron Gunnarsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1990Óscar González, Mexican boxer (d. 2014)
  • 1990 – Machine Gun Kelly, American rapper and actor[14]
  • 1991Jordi Murphy, Irish international rugby player
  • 1991 – Braydon Smith, Australian boxer (d. 2015)
  • 1992Kenny Stills, American football player
  • 1992 – Joonas Vaino, Estonian basketball player
  • 1993Anthony McDonald-Tipungwuti, Australian footballer
  • 1993 – Ngani Laumape, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1993 – Marcel Ritzmaier, Austrian footballer

Deaths

  • 296Pope Caius
  • 536Pope Agapetus I
  • 591Peter III of Raqqa
  • 613Saint Theodore of Sykeon
  • 835Kūkai, Japanese Buddhist monk, founder of Esoteric (Shingon) Buddhism (b. 774)[15]
  • 846Wuzong, Chinese emperor (b. 814)
  • 1208Philip of Poitou, Prince-Bishop of Durham
  • 1322Francis of Fabriano, Italian writer (b. 1251)
  • 1355Eleanor of Woodstock, countess regent of Guelders, eldest daughter of King Edward II of England (b. 1318)[16]
  • 1585Henry of Saxe-Lauenburg, Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück and Paderborn (b. 1550)
  • 1616Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright (b. 1547)
  • 1672Georg Stiernhielm, Swedish linguist and poet (b. 1598)
  • 1699Hans Erasmus Aßmann, German poet (b. 1646)
  • 1758Antoine de Jussieu, French botanist and physician (b. 1686)
  • 1778James Hargreaves, British inventor (b. 1720)
  • 1806Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (b. 1763)
  • 1821Gregory V of Constantinople, Greek patriarch and saint (b. 1746)
  • 1833Richard Trevithick, English engineer and explorer (b. 1771)
  • 1850Friedrich Robert Faehlmann, Estonian philologist and physician (b. 1798)
  • 1854Nicolás Bravo, Mexican general and politician, 11th President of Mexico (b. 1786)
  • 1871Martín Carrera, Mexican general and president (1855) (b. 1806)[17]
  • 1877James P. Kirkwood, Scottish-American engineer (b. 1807)
  • 1892Édouard Lalo, French violinist and composer (b. 1823)
  • 1893Chaim Aronson, Lithuanian businessman and author (b. 1825)
  • 1894Kostas Krystallis, Greek author and poet (b. 1868)
  • 1896Thomas Meik, English engineer, founded Halcrow Group (b. 1812)
  • 1908Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Scottish-English merchant and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1836)
  • 1925André Caplet, French composer and conductor (b. 1878)
  • 1929Henry Lerolle, French painter and art collector (b. 1848)
  • 1932Ferenc Oslay, Hungarian-Slovene historian and author (b. 1883)
  • 1933Henry Royce, English engineer and businessman, co-founded Rolls-Royce Limited (b. 1863)
  • 1944Nikolaos Roussen, Greek captain (b. 1913)
  • 1945Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician and academic (b. 1900)
  • 1945 – Käthe Kollwitz, German painter and sculptor (b. 1867)
  • 1946Lionel Atwill, English-American actor (b. 1885)
  • 1946 – Harlan F. Stone, American lawyer and jurist, 12th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1872)
  • 1949Charles Middleton, American actor (b. 1874)
  • 1950Charles Hamilton Houston, American lawyer and academic (b. 1895)
  • 1951Horace Donisthorpe, English myrmecologist and coleopterist (b. 1870)
  • 1956Walt Faulkner, American race car driver (b. 1918)
  • 1968Stephen H. Sholes, American record producer (b. 1911)
  • 1978Will Geer, American actor (b. 1902)[18]
  • 1980Jane Froman, American actress and singer (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Fritz Strassmann, German chemist and physicist (b. 1902)
  • 1983Earl Hines, American pianist and bandleader (b. 1903)
  • 1984Ansel Adams, American photographer and environmentalist (b. 1902)
  • 1985Paul Hugh Emmett, American chemist and academic (b. 1900)
  • 1985 – Jacques Ferron, Canadian physician and author (b. 1921)
  • 1986Mircea Eliade, Romanian historian and author (b. 1907)
  • 1987Erika Nõva, Estonian architect (b. 1905)
  • 1988Grigori Kuzmin, Russian-Estonian astronomer and academic (b. 1917)
  • 1988 – Irene Rich, American actress (b. 1891)
  • 1989Emilio G. Segrè, Italian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1990Albert Salmi, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1994Richard Nixon, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 37th President of the United States (b. 1913)
  • 1995Jane Kenyon, American poet and author (b. 1947)
  • 1996Erma Bombeck, American journalist and author (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Jug McSpaden, American golfer and architect (b. 1908)
  • 1998Kitch Christie, South African rugby player and coach (b. 1940)
  • 1999Chan Canasta, Polish-English magician (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Munir Ahmad Khan, Pakistani nuclear engineer (b. 1926)
  • 2002Linda Lovelace, American porn actress and activist (b. 1949)
  • 2003Felice Bryant, American songwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – James H. Critchfield, American CIA officer (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Martha Griffiths, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 58th Lieutenant Governor of Michigan (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Mike Larrabee, American runner (b. 1933)
  • 2004Jason Dunham, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)
  • 2004 – Pat Tillman, American football player and soldier (b. 1976)
  • 2005Erika Fuchs, German translator (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Philip Morrison, American physicist and academic (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Eduardo Paolozzi, Scottish sculptor and artist (b. 1924)
  • 2006Henriette Avram, American computer scientist and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – D'Iberville Fortier, Canadian diplomat (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Alida Valli, Italian actress (b. 1921)
  • 2007Juanita Millender-McDonald, American educator and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2008Cameron Argetsinger, American race car driver and lawyer (b. 1921)
  • 2008 – Ed Chynoweth, Canadian businessman (b. 1941)
  • 2009Jack Cardiff, British cinematographer, director and photographer (b. 1914)
  • 2010Richard Barrett, American lawyer and activist (b. 1943)
  • 2011Hazel Dickens, American singer-songwriter, bassist and guitarist (b. 1935)
  • 2012John Amabile, American football player and coach (b. 1939)
  • 2012 – Bill Granger, American author (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – Buzz Potamkin, American director and producer (b. 1945)
  • 2012 – George Rathmann, American chemist, biologist, and businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2013Dave Gold, American businessman, founded 99 Cents Only Stores (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – George Stanley Gordon, American businessman (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Richie Havens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1941)
  • 2013 – Lalgudi Jayaraman, Indian violinist and composer (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Mike Smith, English footballer (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Robert Suderburg, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – J. S. Verma, Indian judge, 27th Chief Justice of India (b. 1933)
  • 2014Allen Jacobs, American football player and coach (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Jovan Krkobabić, Serbian politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Mohammad Naseem, Pakistani-English activist (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Werner Potzernheim, German cyclist (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Oswaldo Vigas, Venezuelan painter (b. 1926)
  • 2015Dick Balharry, Scottish environmentalist and photographer (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Gennadi Vengerov, Belarusian-Russian actor (b. 1959)
  • 2017Erin Moran, American actress (b. 1960)
  • 2017 – Donna Leanne Williams, Australian writer, artist, activist (b. 1963)[19]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Acepsimas of Hnaita and companions (Catholic Church)
    • Arwald
    • Epipodius and Alexander
    • Hudson Stuck (Episcopal Church)
    • John Muir (Episcopal Church)
    • Opportuna of Montreuil
    • Pope Caius[20]
    • Pope Soter[21]
    • St Senorina[22]
    • April 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Discovery Day (Brazil)[23]
  • Earth Day (International observance)[24] and its related observance:
    • International Mother Earth Day[25]
  • Holocaust Remembrance Day (Serbia)[26]
  • From 2018 onwards, a national day of commemoration for the murdered teenager Stephen Lawrence (United Kingdom)[27]

References

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  8. Template:Cite ODNB
  9. Jagdish Mehra, Helmut Rechenberg (2000). The Historical Development of Quantum Theory
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  21. liturgialatina.blogspot.co.uk/2011/04/22nd-april-ss-soter-and-caius-popes-and.html
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External links

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