Culture Wikia
Culture Wikia

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Events

  • 491 – Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine emperor, with the name of Anastasius I.[1]
  • 1241Batu Khan defeats Béla IV of Hungary at the Battle of Mohi.
  • 1512War of the League of Cambrai: French forces led by Gaston de Foix win the Battle of Ravenna.
  • 1544Italian War of 1542–46: A French army defeats Habsburg forces at the Battle of Ceresole, but fails to exploit its victory.
  • 1689William III and Mary II are crowned as joint sovereigns of Great Britain.
  • 1713War of the Spanish Succession (Queen Anne's War): Treaty of Utrecht.
  • 1727 – Premiere of Johann Sebastian Bach's St Matthew Passion BWV 244b at the St. Thomas Church, Leipzig
  • 1809 – An incomplete British victory over the French fleet at the Battle of the Basque Roads results in the court-martial of James, Lord Gambier.
  • 1814 – The Treaty of Fontainebleau ends the War of the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon Bonaparte, and forces him to abdicate unconditionally for the first time.
  • 1856Second Battle of Rivas: Juan Santamaría burns down the hostel where William Walker's filibusters are holed up.
  • 1868 – Former shōgun Tokugawa Yoshinobu surrenders Edo Castle to Imperial forces, marking the end of the Tokugawa shogunate.
  • 1876 – The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks is organized.
  • 1881Spelman College is founded in Atlanta, Georgia as the Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary, an institute of higher education for African-American women.
  • 1908Template:SMS, the last armored cruiser to be built by the Imperial German Navy, is launched.
  • 1909 – The city of Tel Aviv is founded.
  • 1921Emir Abdullah establishes the first centralised government in the newly created British protectorate of Transjordan.
  • 1945World War II: American forces liberate the Buchenwald concentration camp.
  • 1951Korean War: President Harry Truman relieves General of the Army Douglas MacArthur of overall command in Korea.
  • 1951 – The Stone of Scone, the stone upon which Scottish monarchs were traditionally crowned, is found on the site of the altar of Arbroath Abbey. It had been taken by Scottish nationalist students from its place in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1955 – The Air India Kashmir Princess is bombed and crashes in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.
  • 1957 – United Kingdom agrees to Singaporean self-rule.
  • 1961 – The trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem.
  • 1963Pope John XXIII issues Pacem in terris, the first encyclical addressed to all Christians instead of only Catholics, and which described the conditions for world peace in human terms.
  • 1964 – Brazilian Marshal Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco is elected President by the National Congress.
  • 1965 – The Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1965: Fifty-one tornadoes hit in six Midwestern states, killing 256 people.
  • 1968 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968, prohibiting discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing.
  • 1968 – Assassination attempt on Rudi Dutschke, leader of the German student movement.
  • 1970Apollo 13 is launched.
  • 1976 – The Apple I is created.[2]
  • 1977London Transport's Silver Jubilee AEC Routemaster buses are launched.
  • 1979Ugandan dictator Idi Amin is deposed.
  • 1981 – A massive riot in Brixton, south London results in almost 300 police injuries and 65 serious civilian injuries.
  • 1986FBI Miami Shootout: A gun battle in broad daylight in Dade County, Florida between two bank/armored car robbers and pursuing FBI agents. During the firefight, FBI agents Jerry L. Dove and Benjamin P. Grogan were killed, while five other agents were wounded. As a result, the popular .40 S&W cartridge was developed.
  • 1987 – The London Agreement is secretly signed between Israeli Foreign Affairs Minister Shimon Peres and King Hussein of Jordan.
  • 1990 – Customs officers in Middlesbrough, England, seize what they believe to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.
  • 1993 – Four hundred fifty prisoners rioted at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio, and continued to do so for ten days, citing grievances related to prison conditions, as well as the forced vaccination of Nation of Islam prisoners (for tuberculosis) against their religious beliefs.
  • 2001 – The detained crew of a United States EP-3E aircraft that landed in Hainan, China after a collision with a J-8 fighter, is released.
  • 2002 – The Ghriba synagogue bombing by al-Qaeda kills 21 in Tunisia.
  • 2002 – Over two hundred thousand people march in Caracas towards the Presidential palace to demand the resignation of president Hugo Chávez. Nineteen protesters are killed.
  • 2006Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces Iran's claim to have successfully enriched uranium.[3]
  • 2007Algiers bombings: Two bombings in Algiers kill 33 people and wound a further 222 others.
  • 2011 – An explosion in the Minsk Metro, Belarus kills 15 people and injures 204 others.
  • 2012 – A pair of great earthquakes occur in the Wharton Basin west of Sumatra in Indonesia. The maximum Mercalli intensity of this strike-slip doublet earthquake was VII (Very strong). Ten were killed, twelve were injured, and a non-destructive tsunami was observed on the island of Nias.
  • 2018 – An Ilyushin Il-76 which was owned and operated by the Algerian Air Force crashes near Boufarik, Algeria, killing 257.

Births

  • 145Septimius Severus, Roman emperor (probable;[4] d. 211)
  • 1184William of Winchester, Lord of Lüneburg (d. 1213)
  • 1348Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1385)
  • 1357John I of Portugal (d. 1433)[5]
  • 1370Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (d. 1428)[6]
  • 1374Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, heir to the throne of England (d. 1398)
  • 1493George I, Duke of Pomerania (d. 1531)
  • 1591Bartholomeus Strobel, Silezian painter (d. 1650)
  • 1592John Eliot, English lawyer and politician (d. 1632)
  • 1644Marie Jeanne Baptiste of Savoy-Nemours, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1724)
  • 1658James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish peer (d. 1712)
  • 1683Jean-Joseph Mouret, French composer and conductor (d. 1738)
  • 1715John Alcock, English organist and composer (d. 1806)
  • 1721David Zeisberger, Czech-American clergyman and missionary (d. 1808)
  • 1722Christopher Smart, English actor, playwright, and poet (d. 1771)
  • 1749Adélaïde Labille-Guiard, French miniaturist and portrait painter (d. 1803)[7]
  • 1755James Parkinson, English surgeon, geologist, and paleontologist (d. 1824)
  • 1770George Canning, Irish-English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1827)
  • 1794Edward Everett, English-American educator and politician, 15th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1865)
  • 1798Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist and academic (d. 1854)
  • 1819Charles Hallé, German-English pianist and conductor (d. 1895)
  • 1825Ferdinand Lassalle, German philosopher and jurist (d. 1864)
  • 1827Jyotirao Phule, Indian scholar, philosopher, and activist (d. 1890)
  • 1854Hugh Massie, Australian cricketer (d. 1938)
  • 1856Arthur Shrewsbury, English cricketer and rugby player (d. 1903)
  • 1859Stefanos Thomopoulos, Greek historian and author (d. 1939)
  • 1862William Wallace Campbell, American astronomer and academic (d. 1938)
  • 1862 – Charles Evans Hughes, American lawyer and politician, 44th United States Secretary of State (d. 1948)
  • 1864Johanna Elberskirchen, German author and activist (d. 1943)
  • 1866Bernard O'Dowd, Australian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1953)
  • 1867Mark Keppel, American educator (d. 1928)
  • 1869Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor, designed the Nobel Peace Prize medal (d. 1943)
  • 1871Gyula Kellner, Hungarian runner (d. 1940)
  • 1873Edward Lawson, English soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1955)
  • 1876Paul Henry, Irish painter (d. 1958)
  • 1876 – Ivane Javakhishvili, Georgian historian and academic (d. 1940)
  • 1879Bernhard Schmidt, Estonian-German astronomer and optician (d. 1935)
  • 1887Jamini Roy, Indian painter (d. 1972)
  • 1893Dean Acheson, American lawyer and politician, 51st United States Secretary of State (d. 1971)
  • 1896Léo-Paul Desrosiers, Canadian journalist and author (d. 1967)
  • 1899Percy Lavon Julian, African-American chemist and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1900Sándor Márai, Hungarian journalist and author (d. 1989)
  • 1903Misuzu Kaneko, Japanese poet (d. 1930)
  • 1904K. L. Saigal, Indian singer and actor (d. 1947)
  • 1905Attila József, Hungarian poet and educator (d. 1937)
  • 1906Dale Messick, American author and illustrator (d. 2005)
  • 1907Paul Douglas, American actor (d. 1959)
  • 1908Jane Bolin, American lawyer and judge (d. 2007)
  • 1908 – Masaru Ibuka, Japanese businessman, co-founded Sony (d. 1997)[8]
  • 1908 – Dan Maskell, English tennis player and sportscaster (d. 1992)
  • 1908 – Leo Rosten, Polish-American author and academic (d. 1997)
  • 1910António de Spínola, Portuguese general and politician, 14th President of Portugal (d. 1996)
  • 1912John Levy, American bassist and businessman (d. 2012)
  • 1913Oleg Cassini, French-American fashion designer (d. 2006)
  • 1914Norman McLaren, Scottish-Canadian animator, director, and producer (d. 1987)
  • 1914 – Robert Stanfield, Canadian economist, lawyer, and politician, 17th Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Dorothy Lewis Bernstein, American mathematician (d. 1988)[9]
  • 1916Alberto Ginastera, Argentinian-Swiss pianist and composer (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Howard W. Koch, American director and producer (d. 2001)
  • 1917David Westheimer, American soldier, journalist, and author (d. 2005)[10]
  • 1918Richard Wainwright, English soldier and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1919Raymond Carr, English historian and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1920Emilio Colombo, Italian lawyer and politician, 40th Prime Minister of Italy (d. 2013)[11]
  • 1920 – William Royer, American soldier and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1921Jim Hearn, American baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Jack Rayner, Australian rugby league player and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1922Arved Viirlaid, Estonian-Canadian soldier and author (d. 2015)
  • 1923George J. Maloof, Sr., American businessman (d. 1980)
  • 1924Mohammad Naseem, Pakistani-English activist and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1925Yuriy Lituyev, Russian hurdler and commander (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – Viola Liuzzo, American civil rights activist (d. 1965)
  • 1925 – Viktor Masing, Estonian botanist and ecologist (d. 2001)
  • 1925 – Pierre Péladeau, Canadian businessman, founded Quebecor (d. 1997)
  • 1926David Manker Abshire, American commander and diplomat, United States Permanent Representative to NATO (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – Victor Bouchard, Canadian pianist and composer (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – Karl Rebane, Estonian physicist and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1927Lokesh Chandra, Indian historian
  • 1928Ethel Kennedy, American philanthropist
  • 1928 – Edwin Pope, American journalist and author (d. 2017)
  • 1928 – Tommy Tycho, Hungarian-Australian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2013)
  • 1930Nicholas F. Brady, American businessman and politician, 68th United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1930 – Walter Krüger, German javelin thrower (d. 2018)
  • 1930 – Anton LaVey, American occultist, founded the Church of Satan (d. 1997)
  • 1931Lewis Jones, Welsh rugby player and coach
  • 1932Joel Grey, American actor, singer, and dancer
  • 1933Tony Brown, American journalist and academic
  • 1934Mark Strand, Canadian-born American poet, essayist, and translator (d. 2014)
  • 1934 – Ron Pember, English actor, director and playwright
  • 1935Richard Berry, American singer-songwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1936Brian Noble, English bishop (d. 2019)
  • 1937Jill Gascoine, English actress and author
  • 1938Gerry Baker, American soccer player and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1938 – Michael Deaver, American politician, Deputy White House Chief of Staff (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Reatha King, American chemist and businesswoman[12]
  • 1939Luther Johnson, American singer and guitarist
  • 1939 – Louise Lasser, American actress
  • 1940Col Firmin, Australian politician (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Thomas Harris, American author and screenwriter
  • 1940 – Władysław Komar, Polish shot putter and actor (d. 1998)
  • 1941Ellen Goodman, American journalist and author
  • 1941 – Shirley Stelfox, English actress (d. 2015)
  • 1942Anatoly Berezovoy, Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Hattie Gossett, American writer[13]
  • 1942 – James Underwood, English pathologist and academic
  • 1943John Montagu, 11th Earl of Sandwich, English businessman and politician
  • 1943 – Harley Race, American wrestler and trainer (d. 2019)
  • 1944Peter Barfuß, German footballer
  • 1944 – John Milius, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1945John Krebs, Baron Krebs, English zoologist and academic
  • 1946Chris Burden, American sculptor, illustrator, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1946 – Bob Harris, English journalist and radio host
  • 1947Lev Bulat, Ukrainian-Russian physicist and academic (d. 2016)
  • 1947 – Uli Edel, German director and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Frank Mantooth, American pianist and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1947 – Peter Riegert, American actor, screenwriter and film director
  • 1947 – Michael T. Wright, English engineer and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1949Bernd Eichinger, German director and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1950Bill Irwin, American actor and clown
  • 1951Paul Fox, English singer and guitarist (d. 2007)
  • 1952Nancy Honeytree, American singer and guitarist
  • 1952 – Indira Samarasekera, Sri Lankan engineer and academic
  • 1952 – Peter Windsor, English-Australian journalist and sportscaster
  • 1953Guy Verhofstadt, Belgian politician, 47th Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1953 – Andrew Wiles, English mathematician and academic
  • 1954Abdullah Atalar, Turkish engineer and academic
  • 1954 – Aleksandr Averin, Azerbaijani cyclist and coach
  • 1954 – Francis Lickerish, English guitarist and composer
  • 1954 – David Perrett, Scottish psychologist and academic
  • 1954 – Ian Redmond, English biologist and conservationist
  • 1954 – Willie Royster, American baseball player (d. 2015)
  • 1955Kevin Brady, American lawyer and politician
  • 1955 – Michael Callen, American singer-songwriter and AIDS activist (d. 1993)
  • 1955 – Micheal Ray Richardson, American basketball player and coach
  • 1958Stuart Adamson, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2001)
  • 1958 – Lyudmila Kondratyeva, Russian sprinter
  • 1959Pierre Lacroix, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1959 – Ana María Polo, Cuban-American lawyer and judge
  • 1959 – Zahid Maleque, Bangladeshi politician
  • 1960Jeremy Clarkson, English journalist and television presenter
  • 1961Vincent Gallo, American actor, director, producer, and musician
  • 1961 – Doug Hopkins, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1993)
  • 1961 – Nobuaki Kakuda, Japanese martial artist
  • 1962Franck Ducheix, French fencer
  • 1962 – Mark Lawson, English journalist and author
  • 1963Billy Bowden, New Zealand cricketer and umpire
  • 1963 – Waldemar Fornalik, Polish footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Elizabeth Smylie, Australian tennis player
  • 1964Steve Azar, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1964 – John Cryer, English journalist and politician
  • 1964 – Johann Sebastian Paetsch, American cellist
  • 1964 – Bret Saberhagen, American baseball player and coach
  • 1964 – Patrick Sang, Kenyan runner
  • 1966Steve Scarsone, American baseball player and manager
  • 1966 – Shin Seung-hun, South Korean singer-songwriter
  • 1966 – Lisa Stansfield, English singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1968Sergei Lukyanenko, Kazakh-Russian journalist and author
  • 1969Cerys Matthews, Welsh singer-songwriter[14]
  • 1969 – Michael von Grünigen, Swiss skier
  • 1970Trevor Linden, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1971Oliver Riedel, German bass player[15]
  • 1972Balls Mahoney, American wrestler (d. 2016)[16]
  • 1972 – Allan Théo, French singer
  • 1972 – Jason Varitek, American baseball player and manager
  • 1972 – Jennifer Esposito, American actress and writer[17]
  • 1973Olivier Magne, French rugby player
  • 1974Àlex Corretja, Spanish tennis player and coach
  • 1974 – Ashot Danielyan, Armenian weightlifter
  • 1974 – David Jassy, Swedish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1974 – Tom Thacker, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1974 – Trot Nixon, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1976Kelvim Escobar, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1977Ivonne Teichmann, German runner
  • 1978Josh Hancock, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1979Malcolm Christie, English footballer
  • 1979 – Sebastien Grainger, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1979 – Michel Riesen, Swiss ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Josh Server, American actor
  • 1980Keiji Tamada, Japanese footballer
  • 1980 – Mark Teixeira, American baseball player
  • 1981Alessandra Ambrosio, Brazilian model
  • 1981 – Alexandre Burrows, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Veronica Pyke, Australian cricketer
  • 1982Ian Bell, English cricketer
  • 1982 – Peeter Kümmel, Estonian skier
  • 1983Jennifer Heil, Canadian skier
  • 1983 – Rubén Palazuelos, Spanish footballer
  • 1983 – Nicky Pastorelli, Dutch race car driver
  • 1984Kelli Garner, American actress
  • 1984 – Nikola Karabatić, French handball player
  • 1985Pablo Hernández Domínguez, Spanish footballer
  • 1985 – Will Minson, Australian footballer
  • 1986Sarodj Bertin, Haitian model and human rights lawyer[18]
  • 1986 – Lena Schöneborn, German pentathlete
  • 1987Joss Stone, English singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1987 – Lights, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1988Leland Irving, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989 – Torrin Lawrence, American sprinter (d. 2014)
  • 1990Dimitrios Anastasopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1990 – Thulani Serero, South African footballer
  • 1991Thiago Alcântara, Spanish footballer
  • 1991 – Brennan Poole, American racing driver[19]
  • 1996Dele Alli, English international footballer[20]

Deaths

  • 618Yang Guang, Chinese emperor of the Sui Dynasty (b. 569)
  • 678Donus, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 610)
  • 924Herman I, chancellor and archbishop of Cologne
  • 1034Romanos III Argyros, Byzantine emperor (b. 968)
  • 1077Anawrahta, king of Burma and founder of the Pagan Empire (b. 1014)
  • 1079Stanislaus of Szczepanów, bishop of Kraków (b. 1030)
  • 1165Stephen IV, king of Hungary and Croatia[21]
  • 1240Llywelyn the Great, Welsh prince (b. 1172)[22]
  • 1349Ramadan ibn Alauddin, first known Muslim from Korea[23]
  • 1447Henry Beaufort, Cardinal, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1377)
  • 1512Gaston de Foix, French military commander (b. 1489)
  • 1554Thomas Wyatt the Younger, English rebel leader (b. 1521)[24]
  • 1587Thomas Bromley, English lord chancellor (b. 1530)
  • 1609John Lumley, 1st Baron Lumley, English noble (b. 1533)
  • 1612Emanuel van Meteren, Flemish historian and author (b. 1535)
  • 1612 – Edward Wightman, English minister and martyr (b. 1566)
  • 1626Marino Ghetaldi, Ragusan mathematician and physicist (b. 1568)
  • 1712Richard Simon, French priest and critic (b. 1638)
  • 1723John Robinson, English bishop and diplomat (b. 1650)
  • 1783Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Polish-Russian politician, Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1718)
  • 1798Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet and academic (b. 1725)
  • 1856Juan Santamaría, Costa Rican soldier (b. 1831)
  • 1861Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet and composer (b. 1824)
  • 1873Edward Canby, American general (b. 1817)
  • 1890David de Jahacob Lopez Cardozo, Dutch Talmudist (b. 1808)
  • 1890 – Joseph Merrick, English man with severe deformities (b. 1862)[25]
  • 1894Constantin Lipsius, German architect and theorist (b. 1832)
  • 1895Julius Lothar Meyer, German chemist (b. 1830)
  • 1902Wade Hampton III, American general and politician, 77th Governor of South Carolina (b. 1818)
  • 1903Gemma Galgani, Italian mystic and saint (b. 1878)
  • 1906James Anthony Bailey, American businessman, co-founded Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus (b. 1847)
  • 1906 – Francis Pharcellus Church, American journalist and publisher, co-founded Armed Forces Journal and The Galaxy Magazine (b. 1839)
  • 1908Henry Bird, English chess player and author (b. 1829)
  • 1916Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (b. 1864)
  • 1918Otto Wagner, Austrian architect and urban planner (b. 1841)
  • 1926Luther Burbank, American botanist and academic (b. 1849)
  • 1939Kurtdereli Mehmet, Turkish wrestler (b. 1864)
  • 1953Kid Nichols, American baseball player and manager (b. 1869)
  • 1954Paul Specht, American violinist and bandleader (b. 1895)
  • 1958Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter and educator (b. 1875)
  • 1960Rosa Grünberg, Swedish actress (b. 1878)
  • 1962Ukichiro Nakaya, Japanese physicist and academic (b. 1900)
  • 1962 – George Poage, American hurdler and educator (b. 1880)
  • 1967Thomas Farrell, American general (b. 1891)
  • 1967 – Donald Sangster, Jamaican lawyer and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1911)
  • 1970Cathy O'Donnell, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1970 – John O'Hara, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1905)
  • 1974Ernst Ziegler, German actor (b. 1894)
  • 1977Jacques Prévert, French poet and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1977 – Phanishwar Nath 'Renu', Indian author and activist (b. 1921)
  • 1980Ümit Kaftancıoğlu, Turkish journalist and producer (b. 1935)
  • 1981Caroline Gordon, American author and critic (b. 1895)
  • 1983Dolores del Río, Mexican actress (b. 1904)[26]
  • 1984Edgar V. Saks, Estonian historian and politician, Estonian Minister of Education (b. 1910)
  • 1985Bunny Ahearne, Irish-born English businessman (b. 1900)
  • 1985 – John Gilroy, English artist and illustrator (b. 1898)
  • 1985 – Enver Hoxha, Albanian educator and politician, 21st Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1908)
  • 1987Erskine Caldwell, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1903)
  • 1987 – Primo Levi, Italian chemist and author (b. 1919)
  • 1990Harold Ballard, Canadian businessman (b. 1903)
  • 1991Walker Cooper, American baseball player and manager (b. 1915)
  • 1991 – Bruno Hoffmann. German glass harp player (b. 1913)
  • 1992James Brown, American actor and singer (b. 1920)
  • 1992 – Eve Merriam, American author and poet (b. 1916)
  • 1992 – Alejandro Obregón, Colombian painter, sculptor, and engraver (b. 1920)
  • 1996Jessica Dubroff, American pilot (b. 1988)
  • 1997Muriel McQueen Fergusson, Canadian lawyer and politician, Canadian Speaker of the Senate (b. 1899)
  • 1997 – Wang Xiaobo, contemporary Chinese novelist and essayist (b. 1952)
  • 1999William H. Armstrong, American author and educator (b. 1911)
  • 2000Diana Darvey, English actress, singer and dancer (b. 1945)
  • 2001Harry Secombe, Welsh-English actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003Cecil Howard Green, English-American geophysicist and businessman, founded Texas Instruments (b. 1900)
  • 2005André François, Romanian-French cartoonist, painter, and sculptor (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Lucien Laurent, French footballer and coach (b. 1907)
  • 2006June Pointer, American singer (b. 1953)
  • 2006 – DeShaun Holton, American rapper and actor (b. 1973)
  • 2007Roscoe Lee Browne, American actor and director (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Loïc Leferme, French diver (b. 1970)
  • 2007 – Janet McDonald, American lawyer and author (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – Ronald Speirs, Scottish-American colonel (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright (b. 1922)[27]
  • 2008Merlin German, American sergeant (b. 1985)
  • 2009Gerda Gilboe, Danish actress and singer (b. 1914)
  • 2009 – Vishnu Prabhakar, Indian author and playwright (b. 1912)
  • 2009 – Corín Tellado, Spanish author (b. 1927)
  • 2010Julia Tsenova, Bulgarian pianist and composer (b. 1948)
  • 2011Larry Sweeney, American wrestler and manager (b. 1981)
  • 2012Ahmed Ben Bella, Algerian soldier and politician, 1st President of Algeria (b. 1916)
  • 2012 – Roger Caron, Canadian criminal and author (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Tippy Dye, American basketball player and coach (b. 1915)
  • 2012 – Hal McKusick, American saxophonist, clarinet player, and flute player (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Agustin Roman, American bishop (b. 1928)
  • 2013Don Blackman, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1953)
  • 2013 – Grady Hatton, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Thomas Hemsley, English actor and singer (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Hilary Koprowski, Polish-American virologist and immunologist (b. 1916)
  • 2013 – Gilles Marchal, French singer-songwriter (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Maria Tallchief, American ballerina (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Clorindo Testa, Italian-Argentinian architect (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Jonathan Winters, American comedian, actor and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2014Rolf Brem, Swiss sculptor and illustrator (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Edna Doré, English actress (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Bill Henry, American baseball player (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Lou Hudson, American basketball player and sportscaster (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Myer S. Kripke, American rabbi and scholar (b. 1914)
  • 2014 – Sergey Nepobedimy, Russian engineer (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Jesse Winchester, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1944)
  • 2015Jimmy Gunn, American football player (b. 1948)
  • 2015 – Muhammad Kamaruzzaman, Bangladeshi journalist and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2015 – François Maspero, French journalist and author (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Hanut Singh, Indian general (b. 1933)
  • 2015 – Tekena Tamuno, Nigerian historian and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2017J. Geils, American singer and guitarist (b. 1946)
  • 2017 – Mark Wainberg, Canadian researcher and HIV/AIDS activist (b. 1945)
  • 2020John Horton Conway, English mathematician (b. 1937)[28]

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Antipas of Pergamum (Greek Orthodox Church)
    • Gemma Galgani
    • Godeberta
    • Guthlac of Crowland
    • George Selwyn (Anglicanism)
    • Stanislaus of Szczepanów
    • April 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Juan Santamaría Day, anniversary of his death in the Second Battle of Rivas. (Costa Rica)
  • International Louie Louie Day
  • World Parkinson's Day

References

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  3. Iran says it joins 'countries with nuclear technology'.[1]
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  28. John Horton Conway, a ‘Magical Genius’ in Math, Dies at 82

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External links

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