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Template:Navbar
2019 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar2019
MMXIX
Ab urbe condita2772
Armenian calendar1468
ԹՎ ՌՆԿԸ
Assyrian calendar6769
Bahá'í calendar175–176
Balinese saka calendar1940–1941
Bengali calendar1426
Berber calendar2969
British Regnal year67 Eliz. 2 – 68 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2563
Burmese calendar1381
Byzantine calendar7527–7528
Chinese calendar戊戌(Earth Dog)
4715 or 4655
    — to —
己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4716 or 4656
Coptic calendar1735–1736
Discordian calendar3185
Ethiopian calendar2011–2012
Hebrew calendar5779–5780
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2075–2076
 - Shaka Samvat1940–1941
 - Kali Yuga5119–5120
Holocene calendar12019
Igbo calendar1019–1020
Iranian calendar1397–1398
Islamic calendar1440–1441
Japanese calendarHeisei 31 / Reiwa 1
(令和元年)
Javanese calendar1952–1953
Juche calendar108
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4352
Minguo calendarROC 108
民國108年
Nanakshahi calendar551
Thai solar calendar2562
Tibetan calendar阳土狗年
(male Earth-Dog)
2145 or 1764 or 992
    — to —
阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
2146 or 1765 or 993
Unix time1546300800 – 1577836799

2019 (MMXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the , the 19th year of the , and the 10th and last year of the decade.

2019 was designated as International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements by the United Nations General Assembly[1] given that it coincides with the 150th anniversary of its creation by Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869.

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Events

January

File:Ultima Thule New Horizons CA06 vertical.png

Arrokoth by New Horizons

  • January 1
    • New Horizons makes a close approach of the Kuiper belt object (KBO) 486958 Arrokoth at 05:33 UTC.
    • Jair Bolsonaro begins his four-year term as President of Brazil.
    • Qatar withdraws from OPEC.
    • Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Austria.[2]
    • Works published by authors who died in 1948 enter the public domain in many countries. In the U.S., all works published in 1923 enter the public domain, the first entry of published works into the public domain since 1998.
  • January 3Chinese probe Chang'e 4 becomes the first artificial object to land on the far side of the Moon.[3]
  • January 5Bartholomew I of Constantinople issues a formal decree granting independence to the Orthodox Church of Ukraine from the Russian Orthodox Church.[4]
  • January 6Muhammad V of Kelantan abdicates the federal throne as the 15th monarch of Malaysia, the first Malaysian monarch to do so.[5]
  • January 7 – A faction of the Armed Forces of Gabon attempts a coup d'état.
  • January 10 – Venezuela enters a presidential crisis as Juan Guaidó and the National Assembly declare incumbent President Nicolás Maduro "illegitimate".[6]
  • January 18Fuel thieves rupture a pipeline in Tlahuelilpan, Mexico, and a subsequent explosion kills at least 137 people and injures dozens more.[7]
  • January 23 – Venezuelan presidential crisis: Thousands of people protest in favor of disputed interim President Juan Guaidó. Several people are killed, and President Maduro severs U.S. diplomatic ties.[8]
  • January 25 – A mine tailings dam breaks in Brumadinho, Minas Gerais, Brazil. At least 248 people are killed, with 22 missing.[9]
  • January 28 – The U.S. Justice Department charges Chinese tech firm Huawei with multiple counts of fraud, raising U.S.–China tensions.[10]

February

  • February 1U.S. President Donald Trump confirms that the U.S. will leave the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty of 1987, citing Russian non-compliance.[11] The next day, Russia follows suit with suspension of its obligations to the treaty.[12]
  • February 3Pope Francis arrives in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, becoming the first pope to visit the Arabian Peninsula.[13]
  • February 6 – The Freedom House declares that Hungary is no longer a free country, making it the first country in the EU to be labelled "partly free".[14] It also claims that Serbia is no longer free as well.[15]
  • February 72019 Haitian protests: Anti-government protests demanding the resignation of Haitian President Jovenel Moïse begin in several cities across the country.[16]
  • February 12 – The Republic of Macedonia renames itself the Republic of North Macedonia, officially ending a decades-old dispute with Greece and paving the way for the former's integration into NATO and the EU.[17]
  • February 21SpaceIL launches the Beresheet probe, the world's first privately financed mission to the Moon.[18]
  • February 23 – Venezuelan presidential crisis: President Maduro severs diplomatic ties with Colombia as humanitarian aid attempts to enter the country across the border.[19]
  • February 2627 – The Indian Air Force launches airstrikes on purported militant camps in Balakot, Pakistan. It precedes a series of events that lead to the 2019 India–Pakistan standoff.[20]
  • February 2728 – The 2019 North Korea–United States summit is held in Hanoi, Vietnam. It is the second summit between U.S. President Donald Trump and the North Korean Chairman Kim Jong-un.

March

File:Baghuz ISIL Families.png

Last ISIS holdout fell at the Battle of Baghuz Fawqani

  • March 3 – An unmanned demonstration flight of the new crew capable version of the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft, intended to carry American astronauts into space, achieves successful autonomous docking with the International Space Station.[21]
  • March 5 – A second case of sustained remission from HIV is reported, ten years after the Berlin Patient.[22][23]
  • March 6 – Venezuelan presidential crisis: Venezuela expels German ambassador Daniel Kriener for his alleged meddling in internal affairs.[24]
  • March 10Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302, a Boeing 737 MAX 8 bound for Nairobi, crashes shortly after takeoff from Addis Ababa, killing all 157 people on board.[25] All Boeing 737 MAX aircraft are subsequently grounded worldwide.[26]
  • March 13March 2019 North American blizzard: A winter storm completes its explosive intensification over the Southern Rocky Mountains region, which began the day before, becoming a powerful "bomb cyclone" and triggering severe blizzard conditions across much of the Southwestern and Central United States.[27][28]
  • March 15
    • Cyclone Idai makes landfall on Mozambique, causing at least 1,073 fatalities, as well as mass flooding and power outages in southern Africa.[29]
    • 51 people are killed and 50 others injured in terrorist attacks on two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand. It is the deadliest mass shooting and terrorist attack in New Zealand's history.[30]
  • March 19
    • Nursultan Nazarbayev resigns as President of Kazakhstan after 29 years in office and appoints Kassym-Jomart Tokayev as acting president.[31] Astana is renamed Nur-Sultan the following day in his honor.[32]
    • Karen Uhlenbeck becomes the first woman to win the Abel Prize for her outstanding contributions to mathematics.[33][34]
  • March 20Europe's antitrust regulators fine Google 1.49 billion (US$1.7 billion) for freezing out rivals in the online advertising business, bringing the total cost of EU fines against Google at nearly 8.76 billion.[35]
  • March 21A major explosion at a chemical plant in Xiangshui, Jiangsu, China, kills at least 78 people and injures more than 600 others. Its powerful impact registered as an artificial earthquake.[36]
  • March 23 – The final territory of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, located in Al-Baghuz Fawqani, Syria, is liberated.[37]
  • March 26 – The European Parliament votes by 348 to 278 in favour of the EU Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market, which expands legal liability for websites and includes the controversial Article 13.[38][39]
  • March 31Taiwan scrambles its fighter aircraft after two Chinese jets crossed the maritime border between the two nations. Just the day before, Japan had similarly scrambled its jets after Chinese jets flew between Miyako and Okinawa.[40]

April

File:NotreDame20190415QuaideMontebello (cropped).jpg

Fire destroys spire and roof of Notre Dame de Paris

File:Black hole - Messier 87 crop max res.jpg

First image of a black hole (M87*) captured by the Event Horizon Telescope

  • April 2Abdelaziz Bouteflika resigns as President of Algeria amid widespread protests, after nearly two decades in office.[41]
  • April 4Second Libyan Civil War: The Libyan National Army (LNA) launches a surprise offensive in western Libya, moving units towards the Government of National Accord-held capital Tripoli and capturing Gharyan.[42][43]
  • April 10
    • Scientists from the Event Horizon Telescope project announce the first ever image of a black hole, located in the centre of the M87 galaxy.[44][45]
    • Fossil fragments found in the Callao Cave in the Philippines reveal the existence of a new species of human, the Homo luzonensis. The species is named after Luzon island, where the fossils were discovered.[46]
  • April 11
    • WikiLeaks co-founder Julian Assange is arrested after seven years in Ecuador's embassy in London.[47][48]
    • Amid mass protests, Omar al-Bashir is deposed as President of Sudan in a coup d'état, after nearly 30 years in office.[49]
  • April 15 – During Holy Week, a major fire engulfs Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris, resulting in the roof and main spire collapsing.[50][51]
  • April 16 – The Howse Peak avalanche kills three noted mountaineers: Austrians Hansjörg Auer and David Lama, and Canadian Jess Roskelley.[52]
  • April 18NepaliSat-1 is launched. It is Nepal's first ever research satellite to be sent into space.[53][54]
  • April 21
    • A series of bomb attacks occur at eight locations in Sri Lanka, including three churches, four hotels and one housing complex in Colombo, on Easter Sunday, leaving 259 people dead and over 500 injured. It is the first major terrorist attack in the country since the Sri Lankan Civil War ended in 2009.[55]
  • April 25North Korean leader Kim Jong-un visits Russia to hold a series of summits with Russian leaders, including President Vladimir Putin.[56]
  • April 26Avengers: Endgame is released in theaters, breaking many box-office records, including becoming the highest grossing movie of all time.
  • April 28Victor Vescovo achieves the deepest dive of any human in history, as he reaches Challenger Deep within the Mariana Trench, at a depth of 10,928 m (35,853 ft).[57]
  • April 29 – Elusive Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi appears in undated footage released by the group, his first appearance on video since 2014.[58]
  • April 30
    • Emperor Akihito of Japan abdicates from his throne, the first abdication by a Japanese monarch in almost two centuries. The abdication ends the Heisei era of Japan and ushers in the Reiwa era with new emperor Naruhito ascending the throne on May 1.[59][60]
    • Venezuelan presidential crisis: Venezuelan opposition leader and disputed interim President Juan Guaidó leads an attempted uprising against President Nicolás Maduro.[61]

May

File:Juramento-con-Juan-Guaido-Presidente-Interino-Venezuela-Marcha-Caracas-02-02-2019-Por-fotógrafo-Venezolano-AlexCocoPro Alex Cabello Leiva (840).jpg

Guaidó led a failed coup against Maduro in Venezuela

  • May 1
    • King Vajiralongkorn of Thailand marries his personal bodyguard Suthida Tidjai – a commoner – in a surprise ceremony, making her queen consort of Thailand.[62]
    • Russian President Vladimir Putin signs into law a controversial "sovereign internet" bill that allows Russian authorities to better monitor internet routing and to steer Russian internet traffic away from foreign servers.[63]
  • May 3 – The number of deaths from the Kivu Ebola outbreak exceeds 1,000. It is the second deadliest Ebola outbreak in history, only surpassed by the Western African Ebola virus epidemic of 2013–2016.[64]
  • May 36May 2019 Gaza–Israel clashes: The Gaza–Israel conflict escalates after the Israeli military launches airstrikes into Gaza killing more than 20 Palestinians including a pregnant woman and a toddler following the injury of two soldiers from Gazan sniper fire.
  • May 46Coronation of King Vajiralongkorn of Thailand.
  • May 5Aeroflot Flight 1492 crash-lands and bursts into flames at Sheremetyevo International Airport, Moscow, killing 41 of the 78 people on board.[65]
  • May 6
    • In its first report since 2005, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) warns that biodiversity loss is "accelerating", with over a million species now threatened with extinction; the decline of the natural living world is "unprecedented" and largely a result of human actions, according to the report.[66][67]
    • Syrian Civil War: The Syrian Army launches a major ground offensive against one of the last rebel strongholds in the country.[68]
  • May 8 – A British teenager, Isabelle Holdaway, 17, is reported to be the first patient ever to receive a genetically modified phage therapy to treat a drug-resistant infection.[69]
  • May 10 – Amid ongoing negotiations, the U.S.'s 25% tariff hike on US$200 billion worth of Chinese imports takes effect, escalating tensions between the two nations in the ongoing China–United States trade war.[70]
  • May 12May 2019 Gulf of Oman incident: Four commercial ships, including two Saudi Aramco oil tankers, are damaged near Fujairah in the Gulf of Oman.[71] The UAE claims it was a "sabotage attack", while an early U.S. assessment blames Iran. The incident occurs after increased U.S.-Iran tensions provoked by the deployment of U.S. military to the Persian Gulf in response to an alleged plot by Iran to attack U.S. forces.[72]
  • May 13 – Prosecutors in Sweden reopen the rape allegation investigation against WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange. Swedish prosecutors mention their intent to seek extradition of Assange from the U.K. after he has served his 50-week prison sentence for skipping bail.[73]
  • May 1418 – The Eurovision Song Contest 2019 takes place in Tel Aviv, Israel, and is won by Dutch entrant Duncan Laurence with the song "Arcade".
  • May 17Taiwan's parliament becomes the first in Asia to legalise same-sex marriage.[74]
  • May 19
    • Eleven people are killed in a shooting at a bar in Belém, Brazil.[75]
    • China–United States trade war: Google pulls Android update support for Huawei phones, as well as the Google Play Store and Gmail apps, after the company was blacklisted by the U.S. government.[76]
  • May 20 – The redefinition of the SI system of measurement adopted by the majority of countries in the world takes effect.[77]
  • May 232019 Indian general election: Narendra Modi secures a landslide victory, with his party BJP alone gaining 303 of the 543 seats in parliament, and his political alliance winning 353 seats of the 543.[78][79][80]
  • May 24
    • British Prime Minister Theresa May announces her resignation as Conservative leader, effective June 7, 2019.
    • A prison riot in Acarigua, Venezuela, leaves 29 prisoners dead and 19 guards injured.[81]
  • May 2627Amazonas prison massacres: More than 50 prisoners are killed in a series of riots at four different prisons in Amazonas, Brazil.[82]
  • May 27U.S. President Donald Trump, during an official state visit to Japan, becomes the first foreign leader to meet with Japanese emperor Naruhito.[83]
  • May 30July 14 – The 2019 Cricket World Cup is held in England and Wales, and is won by England.

June

  • June 2
    • Nearly five years after abdication, King Juan Carlos I of Spain retires from public life.[84]
    • 2019 San Marino referendum: Sammarinese voters vote to end discrimination based on sexual orientation and initiate a popular legislative initiative for the reform of the electoral system.[85]
  • June 3Khartoum massacre: More than 100 people are killed when Sudanese troops and Janjaweed militiamen storm and open fire on a protest camp outside of a military headquarters in Khartoum, Sudan.[86]
  • June 35U.S. President Donald Trump makes a state visit to the U.K., meeting with Queen Elizabeth II and outgoing Prime Minister Theresa May. It is the first official state visit to the U.K. by a sitting U.S. president since 2011. Trump also attends D-Day commemorative ceremonies.[87]
  • June 58Chinese President Xi Jinping makes a state visit to Russia, where he also attends the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.[88]
  • June 62018–19 Sudanese protests: The African Union suspends Sudan's membership "with immediate effect" after the Khartoum massacre.[89]
  • June 7British Prime Minister Theresa May resigns as leader of the Conservative Party.
  • June 7July 7 – The 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup is held in France and is won by the United States.
  • June 9
    • 2019–20 Hong Kong protests: Over 1 million people in Hong Kong protest against proposed legislation regarding extradition to mainland China. It is the largest protest in Hong Kong since the 1997 handover.[90]
    • A large explosive eruption of Mount Sinabung in Indonesia sends a 7,000-meter ash column into the air, generating a pyroclastic flow 3–3.5 kilometers long towards the south and southeast of the mountain.[91][92]
  • June 11Botswana decriminalizes homosexuality.[93]
  • June 12
    • The Supreme Court of Ecuador rules in favor of same-sex marriage, making it legal throughout the country.[94]
    • June 12, 2019 Hong Kong protest: The Hong Kong government and police controversially declare that the protest has "turned into a riot".[95][96][97]
  • June 13June 2019 Gulf of Oman incident: Two oil tankers are attacked near the Strait of Hormuz while transiting the Gulf of Oman amid heightened tension between Iran and the U.S., with the latter blaming the former for the incident.[98]
  • June 152019–20 Hong Kong protests: Hong Kong announces it will indefinitely suspend the controversial extradition bill, but protests continue, this time calling for the total withdrawal of the bill and the resignation of Chief Executive Carrie Lam.[99]
  • June 16 – A large-scale power outage hits Argentina, Uruguay and parts of Paraguay, affecting nearly 50 million people.[100]
  • June 17A triple suicide blast kills 30 and injures over 40 in Borno, Nigeria, at a hall where people were watching a football match.
  • June 18 – The U.S. sends an additional 1,000 troops to the Middle East as tensions build with Iran.[101]
  • June 19 – Four men are charged with murdering the 298 passengers and crew of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, an airliner shot down while flying over Eastern Ukraine in July 2014.[102]
  • June 2021Chinese President Xi Jinping makes a state visit to North Korea. It is his first visit to the country as president and the first visit to North Korea by a Chinese leader since Hu Jintao's visit 14 years prior.[103]
  • June 20June 2019 Iranian shoot-down of American drone: Iran shoots down a U.S. RQ-4 Global Hawk surveillance drone over the Strait of Hormuz after claiming it violated their airspace. The U.S. claims it was shot down in international airspace in an "unprovoked attack".[104]
  • June 222019 Amhara Region coup d'état attempt: In the Amhara Region of Ethiopia, regional president Ambachew Mekonnen and national-military chief of staff Se'are Mekonnen are assassinated.[105]
  • June 30 – During a trilateral gathering at the Panmunjom Truce Village between South Korean President Moon Jae-in, North Korean Leader Kim Jong-un and U.S. President Donald Trump, Trump becomes the first sitting U.S. president to cross the Korean Demilitarized Zone and enter North Korea. Trump and Kim also agree to restart stalled denuclearization negotiations.[106]

July

File:Cas9 Apo Structure.png

CRISPR gene editing was first used in July to experimentally treat a patient with a genetic disorder

  • July – The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reports, on August 15, that July 2019 was the hottest month on record globally, at 0.95 °C (1.71 °F) above the 20th-century average.[107][108][109]
  • July 1
    • Japan resumes commercial whaling after a 30-year moratorium, following its withdrawal from the International Whaling Commission.[110][111]
    • Japan announces tightening high-tech exports to South Korea, thus begin the trade dispute between the two countries.[112]
    • The International Atomic Energy Agency confirms that Iran has breached the limit on its stockpile of enriched uranium.[113]
    • 2019–20 Hong Kong protests: During the annual July 1 protests that mark the anniversary of the British handover of the city to China, a group of a few hundred protesters stormed the Legislative Council of Hong Kong, defacing various portraits and destroying furniture before being dispersed by police using tear gas.[114]
    • A fire on the Russian deep-diving submarine Losharik kills 14 crew members. Submarine commander Denis Dolonsky was among those killed.[115]
  • July 2 – A total solar eclipse occurs over South America. It is the 58th solar eclipse from Saros cycle 127.[116][117]
  • July 32019 Tajoura migrant center airstrike: An airstrike by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar's Libyan National Army hits the Tajoura Detention Center outside Tripoli, Libya, while hundreds of people are inside the facility, killing at least 53 of them and injures 130 others.[118]
  • July 10 – The last Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the line in Puebla, Mexico. The last of 5,961 "Special Edition" cars will be exhibited in a museum.[119]
  • July 12Asasey Hotel attack: A car bomb and a gun attack kill at least 26 people, including two prominent journalists and nine foreigners, in Kismayo, Somalia. Islamist group al-Shabaab claims responsibility.[120]
  • July 13Hurricane Barry strikes the Gulf Coast, killing one and causing over $500 million (2019 USD) in damages.
  • July 16 – The European Parliament elects Ursula von der Leyen as the new President of the European Commission. Succeeding Jean-Claude Juncker, she will be sworn in on December 1, 2019. She is the first female to be elected to this office in EU history.[121][122]
  • July 17
    • Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, former head of the Sinaloa Cartel, which became the biggest supplier of drugs to the U.S., is sentenced to life in prison plus 30 years.[123]
    • The World Health Organization (WHO) declares the Kivu Ebola epidemic to be a public health emergency of international concern.[124]
  • July 18 – 36 people are killed and more than 30 others injured after an arson attack at an animation company in Kyoto, Japan.[125] It is one of the deadliest massacres in the country's history since the end of World War II and the deadliest building fire in the country in 18 years, since the Myojo 56 building fire in 2001.[126]
  • July 19 – The Iranian Navy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps captures British tanker Stena Impero and temporarily seizes British-operated and Liberian-flagged tanker Mesdar in the Persian Gulf. The British Foreign Secretary, Jeremy Hunt, warns there will be "serious consequences" if Iran does not release the tanker.[127][128][129]
  • July 21 – A mob of over 100 suspected triad members dressed in white and armed with batons attack commuters indiscriminately at MTR Yuen Long station in Hong Kong, injuring 45, including a pro-democracy legislator and a pregnant woman. Hong Kong police have been accused of allowing the violence to happen due to their delayed response and decision to limit emergency services in the area. (The Guardian) (SCMP)
  • July 24Boris Johnson becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after defeating Jeremy Hunt in a leadership contest, succeeding Theresa May.[130]
  • July 26August 11 – The 2019 Pan American Games are held in Lima, Peru.
  • July 30 – India bans triple talaq.[131]

August

File:Hong Kong anti-extradition bill protest (48108527758).jpg

A Hong Kong anti-extradition law protest in June

  • August 1 – Danish polar research institution Polar Portal reports a large spike in Greenland ice loss, with 11 billion tons melted in one day and 197 gigatonnes during the month of July.[132]
  • August 2
    • The United States officially withdraws from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty established with Russia in 1987.[133]
    • 2019–2020 Japan–South Korea trade dispute: Japan announces the removal of South Korea from its list of most trusted trading partners, effective on August 28.[134]
  • August 3A mass shooting at a Walmart store in El Paso, Texas, United States, leaves 23 people dead and 23 others injured.[135][136]
  • August 4
    • 2019 Cairo bombing: A car crashes into three other cars causing an explosion outside the National Cancer Institute Egypt in Cairo, Egypt, killing at least 20 people and injuring 47 others.[137]
    • 2019 Dayton shooting: Ten people, including the perpetrator, are killed and 27 others injured in a mass shooting in Dayton, Ohio, United States, just 13 hours after the mass shooting in El Paso, Texas.[138]
  • August 5
    • Revocation of the special status of Jammu and Kashmir: India revokes the part of its constitution that gives Indian-administered Kashmir special status in an unprecedented move.[139][140]
    • 2019–20 Hong Kong protests: Amid ongoing protests, Hong Kong is hit by the first general strikes of their kind since 1967.[141]
  • August 7 – The Singapore Convention on Mediation, also known as the UN Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation, comes into effect with 46 countries ratifying it. States that have ratified the treaty will have to ensure that international commercial settlement agreements are enforced by their courts.[142]
  • August 8Nyonoksa radiation accident: Reports indicate that there may have been a nuclear explosion at the Nyonoksa weapons-testing site in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. At least five people were killed and three others injured in the blast, with radiation levels in Severodvinsk, 29 miles (47 km) away from the site, being 20 times above normal levels temporarily.[143]
  • August 10
    • Morogoro tanker explosion: A fuel tanker truck explodes in Morogoro, Tanzania, killing at least 89 people and injuring dozens more.[144][145]
    • 32 are killed and 1,000,000 evacuated as Typhoon Lekima makes landfall in Zhejiang, China. Earlier it had caused flooding in the Philippines.[146]
  • August 10252019 Canary Islands wildfires: A number of forest fires break out in the Canary Islands of Gran Canaria, Tenerife and Lanzarote. The fires on the island of Gran Canaria were the most severe, resulting in the loss of large areas of the island's forests and leading to the evacuation of thousands of residents from a number of towns and villages.[147][148]
  • August 112019 Indian floods: At least 114 people, including 57 in Kerala, 30 in Karnataka and 27 in Maharashtra, are reported to have died in monsoon-related floods in India. At least 227 died across India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.[149]
  • August 12
    • 2019–20 Hong Kong protests: Hong Kong International Airport is closed due to protests.[150]
    • 2019–2020 Japan–South Korea trade dispute: South Korea announces the removal of Japan from its list of most trusted trading partners, effective on September 18.[151][152][153]
    • The Trump administration announces it will delay its proposal for 10 percent tariffs slated to take effect from September 1 on certain consumer goods from China while exempting other products — less than two weeks after Trump announced the new proposed tariffs.[154]
  • August 13 – The main yield curve for U.S. Treasury bonds inverts, as the yield rate for 2-year bonds rises higher than the yield rate for 10-year bonds.[155]
  • August 14 – The Dow Jones plunges more than 500 points, due to concerns over the yield curve inversion.[156][157][158]
  • August 15 – The European Central Bank shuts down PNB Banka after ruling it had become insolvent; this bank, previously called Norvik Banka, was Latvia's sixth-largest lender, and was a critic of the Baltic country's financial authorities.[159]
  • August 16 – Russian airstrike kills 20 civilians in the Hass refugee camp[160]
  • August 18 – 100 activists, officials, and other concerned citizens in Iceland hold a funeral for Okjökull glacier, which has completely melted after once covering six square miles (15.5 km2).[161]
  • August 192019 Papua protests erupt, mainly across Indonesian Papua, in response to an incident in Surabaya where a group of Papuan students were arrested for alleged disrespect of the Indonesian flag. In Jayapura, Sorong, Fakfak, Timika and Manokwari, protests turned violent, with various private buildings and public facilities being damaged or burned. The protests and unrest were described by Reuters as "the most serious civil unrest in years over perceived racial and ethnic discrimination."[162]
  • August 21
    • 2019 Amazon rainforest wildfires: Brazil's National Institute for Space Research (INPE) reports fires burning in the Amazon rainforest at a record rate, with more than 36,000 in the year to date, while smoke reaches São Paulo more than 2,700 kilometres (1,700 mi) away.[163]
    • Giuseppe Conte offers his resignation as Prime Minister of Italy in order to avoid a no-confidence motion.[164]
  • August 23 – German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron describe the widespread Amazon fires as an international emergency, urging the matter to be discussed at the weekend's G7 summit.[165][166]
  • August 252019 Beirut drone crash: According to Lebanese officials, two Israeli drones attack Beirut, Lebanon. One crashed into the roof of the Hezbollah Media Center, about 45 minutes before the second exploded in the air and damaged the building.[167] It was the first such incident between Israel and Lebanon since the 2006 Lebanon War.[168]

September

File:Marche pour le climat 27-09-2019 (Montréal) 14.jpg

Greta Thunberg is the youngest TIME person of the year

  • September 1Hurricane Dorian makes landfall on The Bahamas as the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic basin outside the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico, with sustained wind speeds of 185 mph.[169] 43 deaths are reported.[170]
  • September 2
    • Sinking of MV Conception: 34 people are killed following a fire and subsequent sinking of a dive boat near Santa Cruz Island, California, United States.[171] It is the worst maritime disaster in California in more than 150 years.[172]
    • Iranian woman Sahar Khodayari sets herself on fire after being arrested for attending a soccer game in Iran. She dies a week later.[173]
  • September 42019–20 Hong Kong protests: Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam announces the official withdrawal of the controversial Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation (Amendment) Bill 2019, and setting up of an independent study to probe social and economic inequality within the territory.[174]
  • September 6Chandrayaan-2, India's second lunar probe, was successful to put the orbit in lunar orbit, but the lander Vikram crashes into the surface of the moon.[175]
  • September 7
    • Afghan peace process: U.S. President Donald Trump announces he "called off" planned peace talks with the Taliban at Camp David after they claimed responsibility for the September 2 and 5 bombings in Kabul which killed a U.S. soldier, among others.[176]
    • Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov and 66 others are released in a prisoner exchange between Ukraine and Russia.[177]
  • September 10 – The Parliament of the United Kingdom is prorogued amid unprecedented protests from opposition MPs, who hold up signs in the House of Commons and refuse to back the shutdown.[178]
  • September 11 – Astronomers announce the detection of water in the atmosphere of exoplanet K2-18b, the first such discovery for an exoplanet in the habitable zone around a star.[179]
  • September 142019 Abqaiq–Khurais attack: Two Saudi Aramco oil refineries in Abqaiq and Khurais, Saudi Arabia, are attacked by drones, resulting in fires. Houthi militants claim responsibility, saying that they used ten drones for the attack. Aramco's oil exports and production are disrupted by five million barrels a day, close to half of the entire Saudi Arabian oil exports.[180]
  • September 16 – A gas explosion in Koltsovo, Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia sets off a fire in a bioweapons plant that houses viruses including smallpox, ebola and anthrax.[181]
  • September 19 – 30 Afghan nut farmers are killed and 40 injured in a U.S. drone attack in Nangarhar Province.[182]
  • September 20 – An international strike and protest led by young people and adults is held three days before the latest UN Climate Summit, to demand action be taken to address the climate crisis. The event is one of the largest climate mobilizations in history.[183][184]
  • September 20November 2 – The 2019 Rugby Union World Cup is held in Japan; the South Africa Springboks defeat the England national rugby union team 32–12.[185]
  • September 21 – U.S. President Donald Trump approves deployment of several hundred troops and military equipment to Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates following the September 14 attack on Saudi oil refineries.[186][187] Both Saudi Arabia and Iran vow to defend themselves.[188]
  • September 22 – Nearly three weeks after Hurricane Dorian makes landfall on The Bahamas, the official death toll stands at 52 and 1,300 are reported missing. Rescuers report the widespread stench of rotting bodies in the rubble.[189]
  • September 23
    • One of the largest and oldest travel firms, Thomas Cook, goes bankrupt as last-minute rescue negotiations fail, stranding 600,000 tourists worldwide.[190]
    • Russia formally adopts the Paris climate agreement.[191]
  • September 24
    • The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom unanimously rules that the September 2019 prorogation of Parliament was unlawful and void.[192]
    • The Supreme Court of Spain unanimously rules in favour of the exhumation of the remains of Spanish dictator Francisco Franco from the Valle de los Caídos.[193] He was finally exhumed on October 24, being re-inhumed in a private crypt with his wife.[194]
    • U.S. Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi announces the start of a formal impeachment inquiry against President Donald Trump.[195]
  • September 27 – 500,000 people march in a climate change protest led by activist Greta Thunberg and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau in Montreal, Canada.[196] 4,000,000 go on strike around the world.[197]
  • September 30 – The Republic of Ireland promises to plant 440 million trees in twenty years to combat climate change.[198]

October

File:Hong Kong protests - IMG 20190818 204612.jpg

Hong Kong protests turned into widespread riots and civil disobedience

  • October 1
    • 2019–20 Hong Kong protests: A protester is shot in the chest with a live round of ammunition and critically injured.[199][200]
    • The Nanfang'ao Bridge, the only steel single-arch bridge in Taiwan, collapses, killing six people and injuring more than twenty others.[201]
  • October 2 – 25 soldiers are killed and 60 missing following attacks on two army camps in Boulkessi and Mondoro, Mali.[202]
  • October 3
    • Paris police headquarters stabbing: A man stabs five officers at the central police headquarters in Paris, France, killing four of them. The attacker, shot dead by other officers, was an administrative intelligence employee at the station.[203]
    • The European Court of Justice rules that Facebook must take down a post about Austrian politician Eva Glawischnig-Piesczek. The post originated in Ireland and the court ruled that the post defamed and insulted the politician and must be removed all over the world.[204]
    • European Commission spokesperson Daniel Rosario threatens retaliatory measures if the United States imposes a US$7.5-billion (approximately €6.8-billion) tariff on products such as olives, whiskey, wine, cheese, yogurt, and airplanes. The tariffs are scheduled to take place on October 18.[205]
  • October 42019–20 Hong Kong protests: Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam and the Chief Executive in Council invokes the Emergency Regulations Ordinance and banning the face mask in public gatherings with immediate effect.[206]
  • October 52019 Iraqi protests: 91 people are killed by police during a week of demonstrations in Iraq.[207]Template:Importance inline
  • October 8
    • 2019 Ecuadorian protests: The Government of Ecuador, headed by President Lenín Moreno, moves to Guayaquil as the Carondelet Palace in Quito is overtaken by protesters and chaos persists in the capital.[208]
    • About 200 Extinction Rebellion activists block the gates of Leinster House (parliament) in the Republic of Ireland.[209]
  • October 9
    • 2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria: President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of Turkey announces a military invasion of north-eastern Syria, targeting the SDF and other Kurdish militias.[210]
    • The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan and the U.N. Human Rights Office issue a report that says that U.S. bombings in Nimroz and Farah Province, Afghanistan, that killed 39 civilians are unlawful. The U.S. said the attacks were against drug labs that fund the Taliban.[211]
  • October 12Typhoon Hagibis makes landfall in Japan, the biggest storm to hit the region in decades, with over seven million people urged to evacuate.[212]
  • October 14
    • Trial of Catalonia independence leaders: The Supreme Court of Spain sentences nine Catalan independence movement leaders to 9 to 13 years of prison for sedition and misuse of public funds. Three others are disqualified for 1 year and 8 months for disobedience. Violent protests erupt across Catalonia.[213][214]
    • A New York Times investigation reveals that Russian planes have bombed at least 50 hospitals and clinics in opposition-held Idlib, Syria.[215]Template:Unreliable source?
  • October 17 – Shootouts erupt in Culiacán, Mexico, after the arrest of El Chapo's son, Ovidio Guzmán López, on an arrest warrant for drug dealing in the United States.[216] Eight people are killed and 56 convicts escape from prison; 7 are recaptured by October 18. Guzmán López is released in an effort to restore peace and to prevent more bloodshed.[217]
  • October 18
    • NASA astronauts Jessica Meir and Christina Koch conduct the first all-female spacewalk outside of the International Space Station.
    • Riots in Chilean capital city Santiago erupt as civil unrest escalated as a reaction to a series of economic measures and Government's declarations labeled as abuse by protesters[218][219]
  • October 19 – An estimated one million people march through London in a protest organised by People's Vote, to demand a second referendum on Brexit.[220]
  • October 23
    • The bodies of 39 people are found in a truck container in Essex, England. A 25-year-old man from Northern Ireland is arrested on suspicion of murder.[221]
    • Google announces that its 53-qubit "Sycamore" processor has achieved quantum supremacy.[222][223][224][225] IBM disputes the claim.[226]
  • October 25 – Tourists visit the summit of Uluru (also known as Ayers Rock) for the last time, as a ban on climbing the famous rock in Australia's Northern Territory comes into effect.[227]
  • October 26 – The Amazon Catholic bishops synod proposes that married men be ordained as priests, which would reverse the Church's centuries-old discipline of celibacy.[228]
  • October 27
    • U.S. President Donald Trump announces that the leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, was killed in a U.S. special forces operation. It was reported that al-Baghdadi detonated a suicide vest after being chased into a tunnel.[229][230]
  • October 30
    • Social media website Twitter bans all political advertising worldwide.[231]
    • An earthquake of 6.6. Mw rocks the Philippine island of Mindanao two days after an earthquake killed eight and left 12,000 people homeless.[232]Template:Unreliable source?Template:Importance inline
  • October 31
    • A fire destroys much of the 500-year-old Japanese Shuri Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[233]
    • A train catches fire near Rahim Yar Khan in Pakistan. The blaze, sparked by gas used by passengers cooking on board, kills at least 74 people.[234]
    • Heavy rain and flooding leave 3 dead and 200,000 people are homeless in Beledweyne, Somalia. Meanwhile, 29 are dead and 29,000 homeless due to flooding in nearby Kenya.[235]

November

File:صورة جوية لجبل احد " المطعم التركي " و للمتظاهرين.jpg

Protesters in Baghdad during the October Revolution

  • November 4
    • LeBarón and Langford families massacre: Nine Americans are killed when Mexican gang members open fire on their vehicles while driving to a wedding about 110 kilometres (70 mi) south of the Mexico–United States border.[236]
    • Amnesty International alleges that Bangladesh killed 466 people in 2018 under the guise of an anti-drugs campaign in what appears to be a wave of extrajudicial executions.[237]
    • The United States formally begins process to pull out of the Paris Agreement on climate change.[238]
  • November 5
    • 11,000 scientists from around the world publish a study in the journal BioScience, warning "clearly and unequivocally that planet Earth is facing a climate emergency".[239][240][241]
    • Air pollution in parts of India hits record levels.[242]
  • November 62019 Fada N'gourma attack: At least 37 people are killed and 60 others injured when gunmen attack a Canadian gold mining company convoy on a road in Burkina Faso.[243]
  • November 7 – Former Congolese rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda is sentenced to 30 years in prison for war crimes and crimes against humanity, the longest sentence ever handed down by the International Criminal Court.[244]
  • November 9
    • The Supreme Court of India awards a holy site in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh to Hindus, rejecting a Muslim claim. The move is likely to spur sectarian disputes.[245]Template:Importance inline
    • Cyclone Bulbul kills seven in West Bengal, India and seven in Bangladesh. 2,000,000 people are evacuated.[246]
  • November 11
    • A transit of Mercury occurs.
    • 2019–20 Hong Kong protests: A traffic officer shot a youth in Sai Wan Ho during city-wide strike.[247] A man was also set on fire by protesters on the same day.[248]
  • November 13
    • Public impeachment hearings against U.S. President Donald Trump begin in the House of Representatives.[249][250]
    • 2019–20 Hong Kong protests: The Chinese University of Hong Kong officially announces a premature end to the semester as a result of large-scale protests and civil unrest. Besides CUHK, several Hong Kong universities switch to online learning and suspend on-campus class. The Education Bureau in Hong Kong officially announces to close all schools in Hong Kong due to the ongoing protests.[251][252]
  • November 14 – Italy declares a state of emergency in Venice following record flooding.[253]
  • November 172019–20 Hong Kong protests: Police use tear gas and water cannons against protesters who try to break through cordons and reach The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, which is at the center of a week-long standoff between demonstrators and law enforcement. Protesters fight back with Molotov cocktails, arrows, and bricks.[254]
  • November 19Google enters the video game market with the launch of Stadia.[255]
  • November 21 – Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is indicted on charges of bribery, fraud and breach of trust.[256]
  • November 23
    • An independence referendum begins in Bougainville, Papua New Guinea.[257] Voters overwhelmingly choose independence.[258]
    • The last known Sumatran rhinoceros in Malaysia dies.[259]
  • November 242019 Busy Bee crash: A plane crashes shortly after takeoff in a densely populated area of Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing all 19 people on board and at least 10 more on the ground.[260]
  • November 25
    • The World Meteorological Organization reports that levels of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have reached another new record high of 407.8 parts per million, with "no sign of a slowdown, let alone a decline."[261][262]
    • IPv4 address exhaustion: The RIPE NCC, which is the official regional Internet registry (RIR) for Europe, officially announces that it has run out of IPv4 addresses.[263]
  • November 26
    • 2019 Albania earthquake: 51 people are killed and around 2,000 others injured in a 6.4-magnitude earthquake in northwestern Albania.[264][265] The earthquake is the strongest to hit Albania in more than 40 years, and the world's deadliest earthquake in 2019.
    • 2019 Chilean protests: Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International issue reports on Chile's situation denouncing grave human rights violations, including excessive violence use and detention abuses by police forces.[266][267] Among police brutality acts there are records of police agents firing non-lethal ammunition to protesters' faces against provider's regulations, resulting in more than 200 people with severe eye trauma and more than 50 requiring prosthetic eyes.[268]
  • November 27 – The U.S. Government passes the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act.[269]
  • November 30 – 22 people (two civilians, four police officers and 16 drug dealers) are killed in a shootout in Villa Unión, Coahuila, Mexico, the largest such crime in the country's history.[270]
  • November 30December 11 – The 2019 Southeast Asian Games are held in the Philippines.

December

File:Marcha Mas Grande De Chile 2019 Plaza Baquedano Drone.jpg

Chilean protests

  • December – The COVID-19 pandemic begins in Wuhan, Hubei, China.[271]
  • December 2Typhoon Kammuri hits the Philippines, causing the evacuation of 200,000 people, but without reports of injuries or serious damage.[272]
  • December 213 – The 2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference takes place in Madrid, Spain, after Chilean President Sebastián Piñera announced in October that his country could not host the conference due to political unrest in the country.[273]
  • December 5
    • The 2019 Burundi landslide is reported to have caused at least 26 deaths.[274]
    • Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi asks the House Judiciary Committee to begin drafting the articles of impeachment against U.S. President Donald Trump.[275]
  • December 8A fire at a factory in Delhi, India, kills 43 people and injures at least 50 others.[276]
  • December 9
    • The World Anti-Doping Agency votes unanimously to ban Russia from international sport for four years for doping offences, meaning it will be excluded from the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing and the 2022 World Cup in Qatar.[277]
    • A volcano erupts on White Island in New Zealand, killing 20 people and injuring 27 others.[278][279]
    • 2019 Chilean Air Force C-130 crash: A Chilean military transport aircraft crashes while en route to Base Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva in Antarctica, killing all 38 people on board.[280] The crash site was located on December 12.[281]
  • December 10
    • Sanna Marin, at the age of 34, becomes the world's youngest serving prime minister after being selected to lead Finland's Social Democratic Party.[282]
    • Democrats in the United States House of Representatives announce formal charges against President Donald Trump, accusing him of abusing power and "obstructing Congress"; he becomes the fourth U.S. president in history to face impeachment.[283]
  • December 11 – The World Trade Organization is left unable to intervene in trade disputes after the U.S. blocks the appointment of new panel members.[284][285][286]
  • December 16Pope Francis abolishes pontifical secrecy in sex abuse cases; the move follows the Vatican's Meeting on the Protection of Minors in the Church months prior.[287] The Pope also raises the definition of "child pornography" from 14 to 18 years old.[288]
  • December 17Shandong, China's first fully domestically built aircraft carrier, enters naval service.Template:Fix
  • December 18
    • The CHEOPS space telescope, whose mission is to study the formation of extrasolar planets and determine their precise radius, likely density and internal structure, is launched.[289]
    • The U.S. House of Representatives approves two articles of impeachment against President Trump, making him the third president to be impeached in the nation's history.[290]
  • December 19
    • Libya's Government of National Accord activates a cooperation accord with Turkey, allowing for a potential Turkish military intervention in the Second Libyan Civil War.[291]
    • A locust plague devastates 173,000 acres (70,000 hectares) of crop and grazing land in Ethiopia and Somalia.[292]
    • A court in the Philippines convicts Andal Ampatuan Jr., his brother Zaldy Ampatuan and 31 others including three members of the Ampatuan clan, of 57 counts of murder and sentences them to life imprisonment without parole for their role in the Maguindanao massacre.[293][294]
  • December 20
    • The United States founds the United States Space Force, a branch of the United States Armed Forces dedicated to space warfare.[295]
    • The Dutch Supreme Court affirms that the Dutch government is responsible for management of carbon dioxide emissions for the country and is bound to protect human rights.[296] The ruling reiterated from the Court of Appeals is that "every country is responsible for its share" of emissions.
  • December 23
    • Five men are sentenced to death and another three face 24 years in prison for their roles in the murder of dissident journalist and Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.[297]
    • 28 people are killed and 13 others injured after a bus plunges into a ravine on a winding road in South Sumatra.[298]Template:Importance inline
File:House of Representatives Votes to Adopt the Articles of Impeachment Against Donald Trump.jpg

House of Representatives votes to adopt the articles of impeachment against Donald Trump

  • December 24 – Thousands of Muslims protest the December 20 burning of four mosques in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia.[299]
  • December 26 – An annular solar eclipse was visible from South Asia. This was a part of Saros 132.[300]
  • December 27 – Corporate defaults on corporate bonds in China reach a new record.[301][302]Template:Importance inline
  • December 28 – A truck bomb attributed to al-Shabaab kills at least 78 and wounds 125 in Mogadishu, Somalia.[303]
  • December 29
    • A report by the Multi-Sector Epidemic Response Committee (CMRE) indicates that 2,231 people have died so far in the 2018–20 Kivu Ebola epidemic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[304]
    • The Taliban's ruling council agrees to a temporary cease-fire in Afghanistan, opening a door to a peace agreement with the United States.[305]
  • December 30 – Chinese authorities announce that He Jiankui, who claimed to have created the world's first genetically edited human babies, has been sentenced to three years in prison and fined 3 million yuan (US$430,000) for his genetic research efforts.[306][307]
  • December 31
    • Iraqi militiamen and protesters breach the front gate checkpoint of the United States embassy in Baghdad following a U.S. military operation that targeted an Iraqi militia on December 29.[308]
    • China informs the World Health Organization of an outbreak of a novel coronavirus in Wuhan, the ninth most populous Chinese city.

Births

  • May 6Archie Mountbatten-Windsor, first child of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex and seventh in the line of succession to the British throne[309]

Deaths

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December
Further information: Category:2019 deaths

January

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Bob Einstein

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Michael Atiyah

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Carol Channing

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Henry Sy

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Tibor Baranski

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Henri, Count of Paris

February

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Julie Adams

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Albert Finney

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Bruno Ganz

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Karl Lagerfeld

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Peter Tork

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André Previn

March

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Zhores Alferov

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Keith Flint

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Luke Perry

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Vladimir Etush

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Dick Dale

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Scott Walker

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Agnès Varda

  • March 1
    • Zhores Alferov, Soviet and Russian Nobel physicist (b. 1930)[392]
    • Kumar Bhattacharyya, British-Indian engineer, educator, and government advisor (b. 1940)[393]
    • Eusebio Pedroza, Panamanian boxer (b. 1956)[394]
    • Kevin Roche, Irish-born American architect (b. 1922)[395]
  • March 2
    • Yannis Behrakis, Greek photojournalist (b. 1960)[396]
    • Med Hondo, Mauritanian film director, producer, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1936)[397]
  • March 4
    • King Kong Bundy, American professional wrestler (b. 1957)[398]
    • Juan Corona, Mexican serial killer (b. 1934)[399]
    • Keith Flint, English musician, singer, and dancer (b. 1969)[400]
    • Klaus Kinkel, German politician (b. 1936)[401]
    • Ted Lindsay, Canadian professional ice hockey player (b. 1925)[402]
    • Luke Perry, American actor (b. 1966)[403]
  • March 5Jacques Loussier, French pianist and composer (b. 1934)[404]
  • March 6
    • José Pedro Pérez-Llorca, Spanish politician and diplomat (b. 1940)[405]
    • Carolee Schneemann, American visual artist (b. 1939)[406]
  • March 7
    • Guillaume Faye, French journalist and writer (b. 1949)[407]
    • Carmine Persico, American mob boss (b. 1933)[408]Template:Importance inline
  • March 8Michael Gielen, Austrian conductor and composer (b. 1927)[409]
  • March 9
    • Bernard Binlin Dadié, Ivorian novelist and playwright (b. 1916)[410]
    • Vladimir Etush, Soviet and Russian actor (b. 1922)[411]
  • March 10
    • İrsen Küçük, 6th Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus (b. 1940)[412]
    • Victims of Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 plane crash:
      • Pius Adesanmi, Nigerian-Canadian professor and writer (b. 1972)[413]
      • Sebastiano Tusa, Italian archaeologist and politician (b. 1952)[414]
  • March 11Hal Blaine, American drummer (b. 1929)[415]
  • March 13Andrea Pollack, German swimmer (b. 1961)[416]
  • March 14
    • Godfried Danneels, Belgian cardinal (b. 1933)[417]
    • Charlie Whiting, British motorsports director (b. 1952)[418]
  • March 15
    • W. S. Merwin, American poet (b. 1927)[419]
    • Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Louly, 3rd Head of State of Mauritania (b. 1943)[420]
  • March 16
  • March 17Tunku Puan Zanariah, Malaysian royal, Raja Permaisuri Agong (b. 1940)[424]
  • March 19Marlen Khutsiev, Georgian-born Soviet and Russian filmmaker (b. 1925)[425]
  • March 20
    • Donald Kalpokas, 2nd Prime Minister of Vanuatu (b. 1943)[426]
    • Mary Warnock, British philosopher (b. 1924)[427]
  • March 22
    • Frans Andriessen, Dutch politician (b. 1929)[428]
    • Scott Walker, American-born British singer-songwriter (b. 1943)[429]
  • March 23
    • Larry Cohen, American film director and screenwriter (b. 1936)[430]
    • Rafi Eitan, Israeli intelligence officer and politician (b. 1926)[431]
  • March 24Nancy Gates, American actress (b. 1926)[432]
  • March 27
    • Valery Bykovsky, Soviet and Russian cosmonaut (b. 1934)[433]
    • Abdul Latif Dayfallah, 2nd Prime Minister of Yemen Arab Republic (b. 1930)[434]
    • Bruce Yardley, Australian cricketer (b. 1947)[435]
  • March 29Agnès Varda, Belgian-born French filmmaker (b. 1928)[436]
  • March 31Nipsey Hussle, American rapper (b. 1985)[437]

April

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David J. Thouless

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Bibi Andersson

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Alan García

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Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

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Jean-Pierre Marielle

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Peter Mayhew

May

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Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba

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Doris Day

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Bob Hawke

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Murray Gell-Mann

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Prem Tinsulanonda

  • May 2
    • Red Kelly, Canadian professional ice hockey player and coach (b. 1927)[482]
    • Ali Mroudjaé, 9th Prime Minister of the Comoros (b. 1939)[483]
  • May 3Goro Shimura, Japanese mathematician (b. 1930)[484]
  • May 5Norma Miller, American dancer, actress and author (b. 1919)[485]
  • May 6
    • John Lukacs, Hungarian-American historian (b. 1924)[486]
    • Seymour Nurse, Barbadian cricketer (b. 1933)[487]
  • May 7Jean Vanier, Canadian Catholic philosopher (b. 1928)[488]
  • May 8
    • Sprent Dabwido, 13th President of Nauru (b. 1972)[489]
    • Yevgeny Krylatov, Soviet and Russian composer (b. 1934)[490]
  • May 9Alvin Sargent, American screenwriter (b. 1927)[491]
  • May 10Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, Spanish politician (b. 1951)[492]
  • May 11
    • Peggy Lipton, American actress and model (b. 1946)[493]
    • Silver King, Mexican professional wrestler (b. 1968)[494]
  • May 12
    • Machiko Kyō, Japanese actress (b. 1924)[495]
    • Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir, Lebanese cardinal and Patriarch (b. 1920)[496]
  • May 13
  • May 14
    • Tim Conway, American actor and comedian (b. 1933)[499]
    • Grumpy Cat, American Internet celebrity cat (b. 2012)[500]
    • Sven Lindqvist, Swedish author (b. 1932)[501]
  • May 16
    • Bob Hawke, 23rd Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1929)[502]
    • Ashley Massaro, American professional wrestler, television host and model (b. 1979)[503]
    • I. M. Pei, Chinese-American architect (b. 1917)[504]
  • May 17Herman Wouk, American author (b. 1915)[505]
  • May 19
    • Carlos Altamirano, Chilean lawyer and politician (b. 1922)[506]
    • Nickey Iyambo, Namibian politician, 1st Vice-President of Namibia (b. 1936)[507]
  • May 20Niki Lauda, Austrian racing driver (b. 1949)[508]
  • May 21Glauco Sansovini, Captain Regent of San Marino (b. 1938)[509]
  • May 22
    • Judith Kerr, German-born British author and illustrator (b. 1923)[510]
    • Eduard Punset, Spanish politician and science popularizer (b. 1936)[511]
    • Ahmad Shah of Pahang, Malaysian royal (b. 1930)[512]
  • May 24Murray Gell-Mann, American Nobel physicist (b. 1929)[513]
  • May 25Claus von Bülow, Danish-British socialite (b. 1926)[514]
  • May 26
    • Bart Starr, American football player and coach (b. 1934)[515]
    • Prem Tinsulanonda, Thai politician, 16th Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1920)[516]
  • May 27Bill Buckner, American baseball player (b. 1949)[517]
  • May 28
    • Apolo Nsibambi, Ugandan politician, 8th Prime Minister of Uganda (b. 1940)[518]
    • Edward Seaga, Jamaican politician, 5th Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1930)[519]
  • May 30Leon Redbone, Cypriot-American singer-songwriter, guitarist and actor (b. 1949)[520]
  • May 31Roky Erickson, American singer-songwriter (b. 1947)[521]

June

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File:Sevillia-Zenit (2) (cropped).jpg

José Antonio Reyes

File:Dr. John at Rudolstadt.JPG

Dr. John

File:Zeffirelli (cropped).jpg

Franco Zeffirelli

File:Mohamed Morsi-05-2013.jpg

Mohamed Morsi

File:Gloria Vanderbilt 1959.JPG

Gloria Vanderbilt

  • June 1
    • José Antonio Reyes, Spanish footballer (b. 1983)[522][523]
    • Michel Serres, French philosopher, theorist and writer (b. 1930)[524]
    • Ani Yudhoyono, 6th First Lady of Indonesia (b. 1952)[525]
  • June 2Ken Matthews, English race walker (b. 1934)[526]
  • June 3
    • Atsushi Aoki, Japanese professional wrestler (b. 1977)[527]
    • Jurica Jerković, Croatian footballer (b. 1950)[528]
  • June 4
    • Lennart Johansson, Swedish sports official (b. 1929)[529]
    • Nechama Rivlin, Israeli socialite, 10th First Lady of Israel (b. 1945)[530]
  • June 5Elio Sgreccia, Italian cardinal (b. 1928)[531]
  • June 6Dr. John, American musician (b. 1941)[532]
  • June 8André Matos, Brazilian vocalist, pianist and composer (b. 1971)[533]
  • June 9Bushwick Bill, Jamaican-American rapper (b. 1966)[534]
  • June 10
    • Girish Karnad, Indian actor, screenwriter and playwright (b. 1938)[535]
    • Lee Hee-ho, South Korean peace activist, 15th First Lady of South Korea (b. 1922)[536]
  • June 11
    • Gabriele Grunewald, American track-and-field athlete (b. 1986)
    • Billy McKee, Founder of the Provisional IRA (b. 1921)[537]
  • June 12Sylvia Miles, American actress (b. 1924)[538]
  • June 13Edith González, Mexican actress and dancer (b. 1964)[539]
  • June 15Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film director (b. 1923)[540]
  • June 16Erzsébet Gulyás-Köteles, Hungarian gymnast (b. 1924)[541]Template:Importance inline
  • June 17
    • Mohamed Morsi, 5th President of Egypt (b. 1951)[542]
    • Gloria Vanderbilt, American socialite (b. 1924)[543]
  • June 19Etika, American YouTuber (b. 1990)[544]
  • June 20Eddie Garcia, Filipino actor, director and television personality (b. 1929)[545]
  • June 21Demetris Christofias, 6th President of Cyprus (b. 1946)[546]
  • June 22
    • Miguel Ángel Falasca, Argentine-born Spanish volleyball player and coach (b. 1973)[547]
    • Thalles, Brazilian footballer (b. 1995)[548]
  • June 23
    • Dave Bartholomew, American musician, bandleader, composer, arranger and record producer (b. 1918)[549]
    • George Rosenkranz, Hungarian-Mexican chemist (b. 1916)[550]
  • June 24Billy Drago, American actor (b. 1945)[551]
  • June 25Isabel Sarli, Argentine actress and model (b. 1929)[552]
  • June 26
    • Beth Chapman, American bounty hunter and reality star (b. 1967)[553]
    • Édith Scob, French film and theatre actress (b. 1937)[554]
    • Max Wright, American actor (b. 1943)[555]
  • June 29
    • Jeon Mi-seon, South Korean actress (b. 1970)[556]
    • Guillermo Mordillo, Argentine cartoonist (b. 1932)[557]
  • June 30
    • Momir Bulatović, 1st President of the Republic of Montenegro (b. 1956)[558]
    • Mitchell Feigenbaum, American mathematical physicist (b. 1944)[559]

July

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File:João Gilberto.jpg

João Gilberto

File:Fernando de la Rúa con bastón y banda de presidente.jpg

Fernando de la Rúa

File:Rutger Hauer (2018).jpg

Rutger Hauer

File:Beji Caid el Sebsi at the 37th G8 Summit in Deauville 006.jpg

Beji Caid Essebsi

August

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File:Nuon Chea on 31 October 2013.jpg

Nuon Chea

File:Toni Morrison.jpg

Toni Morrison

File:Peter Fonda 2009.jpg

Peter Fonda

File:Dawda Jawara 1979-09-13.jpg

Dawda Jawara

File:Valerie Harper 1974.JPG

Valerie Harper

September

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File:Mugabe 1979 a.jpg

Robert Mugabe

File:Foto Presiden Habibie 1998.jpg

B. J. Habibie

File:Ric-Ocasek.jpg

Ric Ocasek

File:Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (cropped).jpg

Zine El Abidine Ben Ali

File:Jacques Chirac (1997) (cropped).jpg

Jacques Chirac

October

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File:Karel Gott 2018.jpg

Karel Gott

File:Diahann Carroll 1976.JPG

Diahann Carroll

File:Alexei Leonov.jpg

Alexei Leonov

File:Sadako Ogata (cropped).jpg

Sadako Ogata

File:Mugshot of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, 2004.jpg

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

November

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File:Strasky.jpg

Jan Stráský

File:Raymond Poulidor - IMG 1906 (cropped) (cropped).JPG

Raymond Poulidor

File:Harrison Dillard 1952.jpg

Harrison Dillard

File:"어딜 봐도 예쁘네" 구하라, 갈수록 예뻐지는 여신 미모 (1).jpg

Goo Hara

File:Yasuhiro Nakasone.jpg

Yasuhiro Nakasone

December

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File:Rene-Auberjonois-by-kyle-cassidy-DSC 8245.jpg

René Auberjonois

File:Carroll Spinney and Oscar the Grouch 2014.jpg

Caroll Spinney

File:Marie Fredriksson-Roxette at Bospop festival The Netherlands 2011.jpg

Marie Fredriksson

File:Aankomst Franse filmster Anna Karina op Schiphol, Anna Karina tijdens persconfer, Bestanddeelnr 921-0593.jpg

Anna Karina

File:Ari Behn.jpg

Ari Behn

File:Cardinal Grech 2014.jpg

Prosper Grech

Nobel Prizes

See also

  • List of international years

Overviews

  • 2019 national electoral calendar
  • 2019 United States elections

Specific events and situations

  • 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis
  • Brexit
  • Impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump
  • 2019 British prorogation controversy
  • 2019 Italian government crisis
  • Conte II Cabinet

Categories

Template:Portal bar

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