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Culture Wikia

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2012 by topic:
ArchitectureComicsFilmHome videoLiterature (Poetry) – Music (Country, Rock, Metal, UK, US) – RadioPhotoTelevision (UK, US) – Video gaming
Politics and government
ElectionsInternational leadersSovereign states
Sovereign state leadersTerritorial governors
Science and technology
ArchaeologyBiotechnologyComputingPalaeontologyQuantum computing and communicationSpace/AstronomySpaceflight
AviationRail transport
American footballAssociation footballAthletics (sport)BadmintonBaseballBasketballChessCombat sportsCricketCyclingGolfHandballIce hockeyRugby unionSwimmingTennisVolleyball
By place
AfghanistanAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAntarcticaArgentinaArmeniaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBangladeshThe BahamasBahrainBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBeninBhutanBoliviaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBrazilBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaColombiaCosta RicaComorosCroatiaCubaCyprusCzechiaDenmarkEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEstoniaEthiopiaEuropean UnionFijiFinlandFranceGabonGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGreeceGuatemalaGuineaGuyanaHaitiHondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsraelItalyIvory CoastJapanJordanKazakhstanKenyaKosovoKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLithuaniaLuxembourgMacauMadagascarMarshall IslandsMalawiMalaysiaMaliMaltaMauritaniaMexicoMicronesiaMoldovaMongoliaMontenegroMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNauruNamibiaNepalNetherlandsNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNorth KoreaNorth MacedoniaNorwayOmanPakistanPalauPalestinePanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPolandPortugalQatarRomaniaRussiaRwandaSamoaSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSomaliaSouth AfricaSolomon IslandsSouth KoreaSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTogoTongaTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuelaVietnamYemenZambiaZimbabwe
Other topics
Religious leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories
Works entering the public domain
2012 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar2012
Ab urbe condita2765
Armenian calendar1461
Assyrian calendar6762
Bahá'í calendar168–169
Balinese saka calendar1933–1934
Bengali calendar1419
Berber calendar2962
British Regnal year60 Eliz. 2 – 61 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2556
Burmese calendar1374
Byzantine calendar7520–7521
Chinese calendar辛卯(Metal Rabbit)
4708 or 4648
    — to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
4709 or 4649
Coptic calendar1728–1729
Discordian calendar3178
Ethiopian calendar2004–2005
Hebrew calendar5772–5773
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2068–2069
 - Shaka Samvat1933–1934
 - Kali Yuga5112–5113
Holocene calendar12012
Igbo calendar1012–1013
Iranian calendar1390–1391
Islamic calendar1433–1434
Japanese calendarHeisei 24
Javanese calendar1945–1946
Juche calendar101
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4345
Minguo calendarROC 101
Nanakshahi calendar544
Thai solar calendar2555
Tibetan calendar阴金兔年
(female Iron-Rabbit)
2138 or 1757 or 985
    — to —
(male Water-Dragon)
2139 or 1758 or 986
Unix time1325376000 – 1356998399

2012 (MMXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2012th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 12th year of the , the 12th year of the , and the 3rd year of the decade.

2012 was designated as:

  • International Year of Cooperatives[1]
  • International Year of Sustainable Energy for All[2]

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  • January 23Iran–European Union relations: The European Union adopts an embargo against Iran in protest of that nation's continued effort to enrich uranium.[3]


  • February 6 – The Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II marks the 60th anniversary of her accession to the thrones of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, and the 60th anniversary of her becoming Head of the Commonwealth.[4][5]
  • February 19Iran suspends oil exports to Britain and France, following sanctions put in place by the European Union and the United States in January.[6]
  • February 21Greek government-debt crisis: Eurozone finance ministers reach an agreement on a second, 130-billion Greek bailout.[7]
  • February 27Arab Spring: As a result of continuing protests, Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh is succeeded by his Vice President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi.[8]


  • March 13 – After 244 years since its first publication, the Encyclopædia Britannica discontinues its print edition.[9]
  • March 22 – The President of Mali, Amadou Toumani Touré, is ousted in a coup d'état after mutinous soldiers attack government offices.[10]


  • April 6 – The National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad unilaterally declares the independence of Azawad from Mali.[11]
  • April 12Mutinous soldiers in Guinea-Bissau stage a coup d'état and take control of the capital city, Bissau. They arrest interim President Raimundo Pereira and leading presidential candidate Carlos Gomes Júnior in the midst of a presidential election campaign.[12]
  • April 13Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3, a North Korean Earth observation satellite, explodes shortly after launch. The United States and other countries had called the impending launch a violation of United Nations Security Council demands.[13] The launch was planned to mark the centenary of the birth of Kim Il-sung, the founder of the republic.[13]
  • April 26 – Former Liberian President Charles Taylor is found guilty on 11 counts of aiding and abetting war crimes and crimes against humanity during the Sierra Leone Civil War.[14]


  • May 2 – A pastel version of The Scream, by the Norwegian painter Edvard Munch, sells for US$120 million in a New York City auction, setting a new world record for an auctioned work of art.[15][16]
  • May 12August 12 – The 2012 World Expo takes place in Yeosu, South Korea.[17]
  • May 22Tokyo Skytree, the tallest self-supporting tower in the world at 634 metres high, is opened to the public.[18]


  • June 56 – The century's second and last solar transit of Venus occurs. The next pair are predicted to occur in 2117 and 2125.[19]
  • June 18Shenzhou 9, a Chinese spacecraft carrying three Chinese astronauts, including the first-ever female, docks manually with orbiting module Tiangong-1, making them the third country, after the United States and Russia, to successfully perform the mission.[20]
  • June 24Lonesome George, the last known individual of the Pinta Island tortoise subspecies, dies in Galápagos National Park, thus making the subspecies extinct.[21]


  • July 4CERN announces the discovery of a new particle with properties consistent with the Higgs boson after experiments at the Large Hadron Collider.[22][23][24][25][26]
  • July 27August 12 – The 2012 Summer Olympics are held in London, England, United Kingdom.[27]
  • July 3031 – In the worst power outage in world history, the 2012 India blackouts leave 620 million people without power.[28][29][30]


  • August 6Curiosity, the Mars Science Laboratory mission's rover, successfully lands on Mars.[31]
  • August 31
    • Researchers successfully perform the first implantation of an early prototype bionic eye with 24 electrodes.[32]
    • Armenia severs diplomatic relations with Hungary, following the extradition to Azerbaijan and subsequent pardoning of Ramil Safarov, who was convicted of killing an Armenian soldier in Hungary in 2004. The move is also met with fierce criticism from other countries.[33]


  • September 7 – Canada officially cuts diplomatic ties with Iran by closing its embassy in Tehran, and orders the expulsion of Iranian diplomats from Ottawa, over support for Syria, nuclear plans and human rights abuses.[34]
  • September 1127 – A series of terrorist attacks are directed against United States diplomatic missions worldwide, as well as diplomatic missions of Germany, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. In the US, opinions are divided over whether the attacks are a reaction to a YouTube trailer for the film Innocence of Muslims. In Libya, among the dead is US ambassador J. Christopher Stevens.[35][36][37][38][39]


  • October 14 – Austrian skydiver Felix Baumgartner becomes the first person to break the sound barrier without any machine assistance during a record space dive out of the Red Bull Stratos helium-filled balloon from 24 miles (39 kilometers) over Roswell, New Mexico in the United States.[40][41][42]
  • October 16 – Seven paintings worth $25 million are stolen from the Kunsthal in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.[43][44][45][46]
  • October 2430Hurricane Sandy kills at least 209 people in the Caribbean, Bahamas, United States and Canada. Considerable storm surge damage causes major disruption to the eastern seaboard of the United States.[47][48][49]


  • November 1421Israel launches Operation Pillar of Defense against the Palestinian-governed Gaza Strip, killing Hamas military chief Ahmed Jabari. In the following week 140 Palestinians and five Israelis are killed in an ensuing cycle of violence. A ceasefire between Israel and Hamas is announced by Egyptian Foreign Minister Mohamed Kamel Amr and US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton after the week-long escalation in hostilities in Southern Israel and the Gaza Strip.[50][51][52][53][54]
  • November 25December 9Typhoon Bopha, known as "Pablo" in the Philippines, kills at least 1,067 with around 838 people still missing. The typhoon causes considerable damage in the island of Mindanao.[55][56][57]
  • November 29 – The UN General Assembly approves a motion granting Palestine non-member observer state status.[58]


  • December 8 – In Qatar, the UN Climate Change Conference agrees to extend the Kyoto Protocol until 2020.[59]


  • January 24Princess Athena of Denmark
  • February 23Princess Estelle of Sweden, Duchess of Östergötland


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File:Etta James.jpg

Etta James

File:Oscar Luigi Scalfaro 3.jpg

Oscar Luigi Scalfaro

  • January 1Kiro Gligorov, 1st President of the Republic of Macedonia (b. 1917)
  • January 3Josef Škvorecký, Czech writer (b. 1924)
  • January 9Malam Bacai Sanhá, 6th and 12th President of Guinea-Bissau (b. 1947)
  • January 13
    • Rauf Denktaş, Cypriot-born politician (b. 1924)
    • Miljan Miljanić, Yugoslavian-born footballer (b. 1930)
  • January 15Manuel Fraga Iribarne, Spanish politician (b. 1922)
  • January 20
  • January 24Theodoros Angelopoulos, Greek filmmaker (b. 1935)
  • January 29
    • François Migault, French racing driver (b. 1944)
    • Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, 9th President of Italy (b. 1918)


File:Renato Dulbecco crop.jpg

Renato Dulbecco


File:Chuck Kennedy - The Official White House Photostream - P060409CK-0199 (pd).jpg

Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria

File:USMC-110802-M-AI118-010 (cropped).jpg

George Tupou V

  • March 6Francisco Xavier do Amaral, 1st President of East Timor (b. 1937)
  • March 7Włodzimierz Smolarek, Polish footballer (b. 1957)
  • March 10
    • Jean Giraud, French comics artist (b. 1938)
    • Frank Sherwood Rowland, American Nobel chemist (b. 1927)
  • March 14Ċensu Tabone, 4th President of Malta (b. 1913)
  • March 16Estanislau Basora, Spanish footballer (b. 1926)
  • March 17
    • John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-American Nazi war crimes defendant (b. 1920)
    • Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria, (b. 1923)
  • March 18George Tupou V, King of Tonga (b. 1948)
  • March 21Tonino Guerra, Italian screenwriter (b. 1920)
  • March 23
    • Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, President of Somalia (2004–2008) (b. 1934)
    • Naji Talib, 52nd Prime Minister of Iraq (b. 1917)
  • March 25Antonio Tabucchi, Italian writer (b. 1943)
  • March 27Adrienne Rich, American writer and feminist (b. 1929)
  • March 28
    • Alexander Arutiunian, Armenian composer (b. 1920)
    • Earl Scruggs, American bluegrass musician (b. 1924)


File:Mike Wallace Interviews 1957 (4).jpg

Mike Wallace

File:Mærsk-McKinney-Møller m.jpg

Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller

File:Dick Clark American Bandstand 1961.JPG

Dick Clark

  • April 1
    • Miguel de la Madrid, 52nd President of Mexico (b. 1934)
    • Giorgio Chinaglia, Italian footballer (b. 1947)
  • April 5Bingu wa Mutharika, 3rd President of Malawi (b. 1934)
  • April 7
    • Takeshi Aono, Japanese voice actor (b. 1936)
    • Mike Wallace, American journalist (b. 1918)
  • April 11Ahmed Ben Bella, 1st President of Algeria (b. 1916)
  • April 15Murray Rose, Australian swimmer (b. 1939)
  • April 16Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Danish shipping magnate (b. 1913)
  • April 18Dick Clark, American television host and producer (b. 1929)
  • April 19Levon Helm, American musician (b. 1940)
  • April 20Valeri Vasiliev, Russian ice hockey player (b. 1949)
  • April 21Charles Colson, American evangelist (b. 1931)
  • April 28Ervin Zádor, Hungarian water polo player (b. 1935)
  • April 29
    • Shukri Ghanem, Prime Minister of Libya (2003–2006) (b. 1942)
    • Joel Goldsmith, American composer (b. 1957)
  • April 30Alexander Dale Oen, Norwegian swimmer (b. 1985)


File:Carlos Fuentes.jpg

Carlos Fuentes


File:Ray Bradbury (1975) -cropped-.jpg

Ray Bradbury

File:Yitzhak Shamir (1980).jpg

Yitzhak Shamir

  • June 2Kathryn Joosten, American actress (b. 1939)
  • June 3Roy Salvadori, British racing driver (b. 1922)
  • June 4Eduard Khil, Russian baritone (b. 1934)
  • June 5Ray Bradbury, American author (b. 1920)
  • June 11
    • Ann Rutherford, Canadian-born American actress (b. 1917)
    • Teófilo Stevenson, Cuban boxer (b. 1952)
  • June 12Elinor Ostrom, American Nobel economist (b. 1933)
  • June 13William Standish Knowles, American Nobel chemist (b. 1917)
  • June 16Nayef bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia (b. 1934)
  • June 17Rodney King, American criminal and victim of police brutality (b. 1965)
  • June 26Nora Ephron, American film director and screenwriter (b. 1941)
  • June 30Yitzhak Shamir, 7th Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1915)



Ernest Borgnine


Maeve Binchy

  • July 1Alan G. Poindexter, American astronaut (b. 1961)
  • July 3
    • Andy Griffith, American actor (b. 1926)
    • Sergio Pininfarina, Italian automobile designer (b. 1926)
  • July 8Ernest Borgnine, American actor (b. 1917)
  • July 13Richard D. Zanuck, American film producer (b. 1934)
  • July 14Sixten Jernberg, Swedish cross-country skier (b. 1929)
  • July 15Celeste Holm, American actress (b. 1917)
  • July 16
    • Stephen Covey, American author (b. 1932)
    • Jon Lord, British musician and composer (b. 1941)
  • July 19Omar Suleiman, Egyptian general, diplomat and intelligence officer (b. 1936)
  • July 23Sally Ride, American astronaut and physicist (b. 1951)
  • July 24John Atta Mills, President of Ghana (b. 1944)
  • July 27Jack Taylor, English football referee (b. 1930)
  • July 29Chris Marker, French writer and documentary filmmaker (b. 1921)
  • July 30Maeve Binchy, Irish author (b. 1939)
  • July 31Gore Vidal, American author, playwright, screenwriter, and political activist (b. 1925)


File:Phyllis Diller Allan Warren.jpg

Phyllis Diller

File:Neil Armstrong pose.jpg

Neil Armstrong

  • August 5Chavela Vargas, Costa Rican-born Mexican singer (b. 1919)
  • August 6
    • Marvin Hamlisch, American composer and conductor (b. 1944)
    • Bernard Lovell, British physicist and astronomer (b. 1913)
  • August 14Svetozar Gligorić, Serbian chess grandmaster (b. 1923)
  • August 15Harry Harrison, American author (b. 1925)
  • August 18
  • August 19Tony Scott, British film director (b. 1944)
  • August 20
    • Phyllis Diller, American comedian (b. 1917)
    • Dom Mintoff, 8th Prime Minister of Malta (b. 1916)
    • Meles Zenawi, 3rd President and 10th Prime Minister of Ethiopia (b. 1955)
  • August 21William Thurston, American mathematician (b. 1946)
  • August 24Félix Miélli Venerando, Brazilian footballer (b. 1937)
  • August 25Neil Armstrong, American astronaut (b. 1930)
  • August 31
    • Carlo Maria Martini, Cardinal Archbishop of Milan (b. 1927)
    • Sergey Leonidovich Sokolov, Soviet military commander (b. 1911)


Template:Double image

File:Santiago Carrillo firmando en la Feria del Libro de Madrid en 2006.jpg

Santiago Carrillo


File:Eric Hobsbawm.jpg

Eric Hobsbawm


File:Larry Hagman 2010.jpg

Larry Hagman


File:Oscar Niemeyer 1968.jpg

Oscar Niemeyer

File:Daniel Inouye Official Photo 2009.jpg

Daniel Inouye

Nobel Prizes

In fiction

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See also

  • 2012 phenomenon

Template:Clear right


  1. "2012 - International Year of Cooperatives". United Nations. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  2. "2012 - International Year of Sustainable Energy for All". United Nations. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  3. Jonathan Marcus (January 23, 2012). "''BBC News''". BBC News. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
  4. The Government of Canada (January 23, 2012). "Official Canadian website for the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II". Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  5. "Diamond Jubilee: Queen celebrating 60-year reign". BBC News UK. February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  6. CNN Wire Staff (February 19, 2012). "Iran suspends oil exports to Britain and France". CNN News. Retrieved February 19, 2012.
  7. "Euro zone strikes deal on Greece bailout". Reuters. February 21, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2012.
  8. "Obama hails 'new beginning' for Yemen". BBC News. February 25, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
  9. McCarthy, Tom (March 13, 2012). "Encyclopedia Britannica halts print publication after 244 years". The Guardian. London. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
  10. Adam Nossiter (March 22, 2012). "Soldiers Declare Coup in Mali". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  11. "Tuareg rebels declare independence in north Mali". France 24. April 6, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
  12. "Guinea-Bissau prime minister arrested". Associated Press. April 13, 2012. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Choe, Sang-hun (March 16, 2012). "North Korea Says It Will Launch Satellite Into Orbit". The New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
  14. "'Taylor Sierra Leone war crimes verdiact welcomed'". BBC. April 26, 2012. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
  15. "Edvard Munch's iconic artwork The Scream sold for $120m". BBC News. BBC. May 3, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
  16. Michaud, Chris (May 3, 2012). ""The Scream" sells for record $120 million at auction". Reuters. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
  17. 2012 World Expo (English) Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  18. "High winds mar opening of Tokyo's Skytree tower". BBC News. May 22, 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2012.
  19. NASA. "NASA Transit of Venus". Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  20. Barbosa, Rui. "China's Shenzhou-9 successfully docks with Tiangong-1". Retrieved April 29, 2015.
  21. "Famed Galapagos tortoise dies". USA Today. June 24, 2012.
  22. "CERN experiments observe particle consistent with long-sought Higgs boson" (Press release). CERN. July 4, 2012. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
  23. Taylor, Lucas (July 4, 2012). "Observation of a New Particle with a Mass of 125 GeV". CMS Public Website. CERN.
  24. "Latest Results from ATLAS Higgs Search". ATLAS. July 4, 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2012.
  25. Video (04:38) – CERN Announcement (4 July 2012) Of Higgs Boson Discovery.
  26. Overbye, Dennis (July 4, 2012). "A New Particle Could Be Physics' Holy Grail". New York Times. Retrieved July 4, 2012.
  27. "London 2012". Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  28. Helen Pidd (July 31, 2012). "India blackouts leave 700 million without power". The Guardian. London. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
  29. Hriday Sarma and Ruby Russell (July 31, 2012). "620 million without power in India after 3 power grids fail". USA Today. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
  30. "India's Mass Power Failure Worst Ever in World History". Outlook. Press Trust of India. August 1, 2012. Retrieved August 1, 2012.
  31. "NASA's Next Mars Rover Hoisted Atop Rocket". Retrieved November 4, 2011.
  32. "First implantation of prototype bionic eye with 24 electrodes: 'All of a sudden I could see a little flash of light'". Science Daily. August 31, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
  33. Gorondi, Pablo (August 31, 2012). "Azerbaijani military officer serving life for murder in Hungary is freed when sent home". Montreal Gazette. Archived from the original on November 11, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-29. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  34. "Canada cuts diplomatic ties with Iran". The Guardian. London. September 7, 2012. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
  35. "U.S., Libyan Versions Of Consulate Attack Diverge". NPR. September 20, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
  36. "Consulate attack in Libya". Baltimore Sun. October 12, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
  37. Arrabyee, Nasser; Cowell, Alan; Gladstone, Rick (September 13, 2012). "Turmoil Over Contentious Video Spreads to Yemen and Iran". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  38. "Widespread protests against U.S. over anti-Muslim film". CBS News. September 14, 2012. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
  39. Sanchez, Raf (September 14, 2012). "Middle East protests against US embassies - live". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
  40. (CNN). Retrieved October 14, 2012.
  41. NYDaily News:Red Bull Stratos Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  42. "Felix Baumgartner's jump from space's edge watched by millions". Associated Press. October 15, 2012. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  43. Kreijger, Gilbert (October 16, 2012). "Dutch art heist nets works by Monet, Picasso, Matisse". Reuters.
  44. Monet and Picasso among works stolen from Dutch museum. BBC News. 16 October 2012
  45. Thieves grab Picasso, Monets from Dutch museum in early-hours heist. The Washington Post. 16 October 2012.
  46. Stolen Paintings Include Picasso And Freud. Sky News. 16 October 2012.
  47. CNN Report: Superstorm Sandy. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
  48. Cleveland News Superstorm Sandy. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
  49. News Report. October 30, 2012.
  50. "Hamas military chief killed in Israeli attack". Al Jazeera English. November 14, 2012. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  51. "Hamas remain defiant as Israeli strikes hit Gaza". Euronews. November 15, 2012. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  52. USA Today News Report on Conflict Treaty. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  53. The New York Times Report on Conflict Treaty. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  54. CNN Report Report on Conflict Treaty. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  55. "Philippine typhoon toll continues to climb". Al Jazeera. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  56. "Philippines, leftist rebels declare truces in disaster areas". Reuters. December 10, 2012. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  57. "'Pablo:' 890 missing, 714 dead - NDRRMC". Rappler. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
  58. Vick, Karl (November 22, 2012). "Why Palestine Will Win Big at the UN". Time. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
  59. "Climate talks: UN forum extends Kyoto Protocol to 2020". BBC News. December 8, 2012.