Culture Wikia

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2000 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar2000
Ab urbe condita2753
Armenian calendar1449
Assyrian calendar6750
Bahá'í calendar156–157
Balinese saka calendar1921–1922
Bengali calendar1407
Berber calendar2950
British Regnal year48 Eliz. 2 – 49 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2544
Burmese calendar1362
Byzantine calendar7508–7509
Chinese calendar己卯(Earth Rabbit)
4696 or 4636
    — to —
庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
4697 or 4637
Coptic calendar1716–1717
Discordian calendar3166
Ethiopian calendar1992–1993
Hebrew calendar5760–5761
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2056–2057
 - Shaka Samvat1921–1922
 - Kali Yuga5100–5101
Holocene calendar12000
Igbo calendar1000–1001
Iranian calendar1378–1379
Islamic calendar1420–1421
Japanese calendarHeisei 12
Javanese calendar1932–1933
Juche calendar89
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4333
Minguo calendarROC 89
Nanakshahi calendar532
Thai solar calendar2543
Tibetan calendar阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
2126 or 1745 or 973
    — to —
(male Iron-Dragon)
2127 or 1746 or 974
Unix time946684800 – 978307199

2000 (MM) was a century leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2000th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 1000th and last year of the , the 100th and last year of the , and the 1st year of the decade.

2000 was designated as:

  • International Year for the Culture of Peace[1]
  • World Mathematical Year[2]

Popular culture holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millennium due to a tendency of grouping the years according to decimal values, as if year zero were counted. According to the Gregorian Calendar, these distinctions fall to the year 2001 because the 1st century was retroactively said to start with year AD 1. Since the calendar does not have year zero, its first millennium spanned from years 1 to 1000 inclusively and its second millennium from years 1001 to 2000 (See more at Millennium).

The year 2000 is sometimes abbreviated as "Y2K" (the "Y" stands for "year", and the "K" stands for "kilo" which means "thousand").[3][4] The year 2000 was the subject of Y2K concerns, which are fears that computers would not shift from 1999 to 2000 correctly. However, by the end of 1999, many companies had already converted to new, or upgraded, existing software. Some even obtained Y2K certification. As a result of massive effort, relatively few problems occurred.

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  • January 1 – The piece Longplayer begins. It lasts 1,000 years, finishing on December 31, 2999.
  • January 310Israel and Syria hold inconclusive peace talks.
  • January 58 – The 2000 al-Qaeda Summit of several high-level al-Qaeda members (including 2 9/11 American Airlines hijackers) is held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • January 6 – The last natural Pyrenean ibex is found dead, apparently killed by a falling tree.
  • January 10America Online announces an agreement to purchase Time Warner for $162 billion (the largest-ever corporate merger).
  • January 11 – The armed wing of the Islamic Salvation Front concludes its negotiations with the government for an amnesty and disbands in Algeria (see Algerian Civil War#GIA destroyed, GSPC discontinues).
  • January 14
    • A United Nations tribunal sentences 5 Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years in prison for the 1993 killing of over 100 Bosnian Muslims in a Bosnian village.[5]
    • The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 11,722.98 (at the peak of the Dot-com bubble).
  • January 18 – The Tagish Lake meteorite impacts the Earth.
  • January 24God's Army, a Karen militia group led by twins Johnny and Luther Htoo, takes 700 hostages at a Thai hospital near the Burmese border.
  • January 30Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes off the coast of Ivory Coast into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.
  • January 31
    • Alaska Airlines Flight 261 crashes off the California coast into the Pacific Ocean, killing 88.
    • Dr. Harold Shipman is found guilty of murdering 15 patients between 1998 at Hyde, Greater Manchester, and sentenced to life imprisonment.


  • February 4 – German extortionist Klaus-Peter Sabotta is jailed for life for attempted murder and extortion, in connection with the sabotage of German railway lines.
  • February 6Tarja Halonen is elected the first female president of Finland.
  • February 7Stipe Mesić is elected president of Croatia.
  • February 8 – Radio broadcaster Bob Collins' plane collides with that of a student pilot over Zion, Illinois.
  • February 9 – Torrential rains in Africa lead to the worst flooding in Mozambique in 50 years, which lasts until March and kills 800 people.
  • February 13 – The final original Peanuts comic strip is published, following the death of its creator, Charles M. Schulz.
  • February 21UNESCO holds the inaugural celebration of International Mother Language Day.
  • February 29 – a rare century leap year date occurs. Usually, 00 years are not leap years due to not being exactly divisible by 400. 2000 is the first such year to have a February 29 since the year 1600, making it only the second such occasion since the Lilian rule was introduced in the late 16th century. The next such leap year will not occur until 2400.


  • March 1
    • The Constitution of Finland is rewritten.
    • Jorge Batlle, a son, grandnephew and great-grandson of former presidents, is sworn in as President of Uruguay.
  • March 4 – The PlayStation 2 is released in Japan. Several months later, it becomes the best-selling game console of all time.
  • March 8Tokyo train disaster: A sideswipe collision of 2 Tokyo Metro trains kills 5 people.
  • March 10 – The NASDAQ Composite Index reaches an all-time high of 5,048.[6] Two weeks later, the NASDAQ-100, S&P 500, and Wilshire 5000 reach their peaks prior to the Dot-com bubble, ending a bull market run that lasted over 17 years.
  • March 12
    • Pope John Paul II apologizes for the wrongdoings by members of the Roman Catholic Church throughout the ages.
    • A Zenit-3SL launch fails due to a software bug.[7]
  • March 13 – The United States dollar becomes the official currency of Ecuador, replacing the Ecuadorian sucre.
  • March 21
    • Pope John Paul II begins the first official visit by a Roman Catholic pontiff to Israel.
    • The U.S. Supreme Court rules the FDA lacks authority to regulate tobacco as an addictive drug, throwing out the Clinton Administration's main anti-smoking initiative.
  • March 26
    • Vladimir Putin is elected President of Russia.
    • The Seattle Kingdome is demolished by implosion.
  • March 27 – The Phillips explosion of 2000 kills 1 and injures 71 in Pasadena, Texas.
  • March 28 – A tornado hits Fort Worth, Texas, damaging the downtown area.


  • April 1 – The 2000 United States Census begins. 281,421,906 residents are living in the United States.
  • April 3United States v. Microsoft Corp.: Microsoft is ruled to have violated United States antitrust laws by keeping "an oppressive thumb" on its competitors.
  • April 16 – An American anti-globalization protest is held in Washington, D.C.
  • April 17Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin becomes Raja of Perlis.
  • April 22 – In a predawn raid, federal agents seize 6-year-old Elián González from his relatives' home in Miami and fly him to his Cuban father in Washington, D.C., ending one of the most publicized custody battles in U.S. history.
  • April 30Canonization of Faustina Kowalska in the presence of 200,000 people and the first Divine Mercy Sunday celebrated worldwide.


  • May – Sierra Leone Civil War: The British Armed Forces launch Operation Palliser to support the Sierra Leone government to counter the Revolutionary United Front.
  • May 1 – A new class of composite material is fabricated, which has a combination of physical properties never before seen in a natural or man-made material.[8][9]
  • May 3 – In San Antonio, Texas, computer pioneer Datapoint files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
  • May 4
    • After originating in the Philippines, the ILOVEYOU computer virus spreads quickly throughout the world.
    • An earthquake hits Banggai, Indonesia, leaving 54 dead.
  • May 5 – A rare conjunction of 7 celestial bodies (Sun, Moon, planets MercurySaturn) occurs during the new moon.[10]
  • May 11
    • The billionth living person in India is born.[11][12]
    • Effective date of Canada's first modern-day treaty – The Nisga'a Final Agreement.
  • May 12 – The Tate Modern Gallery opens in London.
  • May 13
    • A fireworks factory disaster in Enschede, Netherlands, kills 23.
    • Millennium Force opens at Cedar Point amusement park in Sandusky, Ohio as the world's tallest and fastest roller coaster.
  • May 16 – The Grand National Assembly of Turkey elects Ahmet Necdet Sezer as the tenth President of Turkey.
  • May 17 – A bomb in Glorietta Mall in Makati City, Philippines injures 13.
  • May 20 – Taiwanese (ROC) president Chen Shui-bian makes the Four Noes and One Without pledge to Taiwan.
  • May 25Israel withdraws IDF forces from southern Lebanon after 22 years.


  • June 4 – The 7.9 Mw Enggano earthquake shakes southwestern Sumatra with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). One-hundred and three people were killed and 2,174–2,585 were injured.
  • June 5405 The Movie, the first short film widely distributed on the Internet, is released.
  • June 13 – South Korean President Kim Dae-jung visits North Korea to participate in the first North-South presidential summit.
  • June 17 – A centennial earthquake (6.5 on the Richter scale) hits Iceland on its national day.
  • June 21Section 28, a law preventing the promotion of homosexuality, is repealed by the Scottish Parliament.
  • June 26 – A preliminary draft of genomes, as part of the Human Genome Project, is finished. It is announced at the White House by President Clinton.[13]
  • June 28Elián González returns to Cuba with his father, Juan Miguel González, ending a protracted custody battle.
  • June 30 – At the Roskilde Festival near Copenhagen, Denmark, 9 die and 26 are injured on a set while the rock group Pearl Jam performs.


  • July 1 – The Øresund Bridge between Denmark and Sweden is officially opened tor traffic.
  • July 2
    • France defeats Italy 2-1 after extra time in the final of the European Championships, becoming the first team to win the World Cup and European Championships consecutively.
    • Vicente Fox is elected President of Mexico, as candidate of the rightist PAN (National Action Party), ending 71 years of PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party) rule.
  • July 10
    • In southern Nigeria, a leaking petroleum pipeline explodes, killing about 250 villagers who were scavenging gasoline.
    • Bashar al-Assad is confirmed as Syria's leader in a national referendum following the death of his father, Hafez al-Assad.
  • July 1325 – Israel's prime minister Ehud Barak and PLO leader Yasser Arafat meet at Camp David, but fail to reach an agreement.
  • July 14 – A powerful solar flare, later named the Bastille Day event, causes a geomagnetic storm on Earth.
  • July 18Alex Salmond resigns as the leader of the Scottish National Party.
  • July 2123 – G-8 Nations hold their 26th Annual Summit; issues include AIDS, the 'digital divide', and halving world poverty by 2015.
  • July 25Air France Flight 4590, a Concorde aircraft, crashes into a hotel in Gonesse just after takeoff from Paris, killing all 109 aboard and 4 in the hotel.
  • July 30Venezuela's president Hugo Chávez is reelected with 59% of the vote.
  • July 31August 3 – The Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Governor of Texas George W. Bush for President of the United States and Dick Cheney for Vice President.


  • August 3 – Rioting erupts on the Paulsgrove estate in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, after more than 100 people besiege the home of a block of flats allegedly housing a convicted paedophile. This is the latest vigilante violence against suspected sex offenders since the beginning of the "naming and shaming" anti-paedophile campaign by the tabloid newspaper News of the World.
  • August 7DeviantART is launched.
  • August 8 – The Confederate submarine H. L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor.
  • August 12 – The Russian submarine Kursk sinks in the Barents Sea during one of the largest Russian naval exercises since the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union, resulting in the deaths of all 118 men on board.
  • August 14
    • Tsar Nicholas II and his family are canonized by the synod of the Russian Orthodox Church.
    • Dora the Explorer, one of Nickelodeon's most popular shows, debuts.
  • August 1417 – The Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles nominates U.S. Vice President Al Gore for President and Senator Joe Lieberman for Vice President.
  • August 23John Anthony Kaiser, a Roman Catholic priest, is murdered in Morendat, Kenya.
  • August 24 – The Nintendo GameCube is revealed.


File:2000 Summer Olympics logo.svg

2000 Summer Olympics

  • September 5Tuvalu joins the United Nations.
  • September 6 – The last wholly Swedish-owned arms manufacturer, Bofors, is sold to American arms manufacturer United Defense.
  • September 68 – World leaders attend the Millennium Summit at U.N. Headquarters.
  • September 714 – The UK fuel protests take place, with refineries blockaded, and supply to the country's network of petrol stations halted.
  • September 8
    • Albania officially joins the World Trade Organization.
    • The United Nations Millennium Declaration is made in New York.
  • September 13Steve Jobs introduces the public beta of Mac OS X for US$29.95.
  • September 15October 1 – The 2000 Summer Olympics are held in Sydney, Australia is the last Olympic Games of the 20th Century.
  • September 16
    • Ukrainian journalist Georgiy Gongadze is last seen alive; this day is taken as the commemoration date of his death.
    • Peru's president Alberto Fujimori calls for new elections in which he will not run.
  • September 26
    • The Greek ferry Express Samina sinks off the coast of the island of Paros; 80 out of a total of over 500 passengers perish in one of Greece's worst sea disasters.
    • Anti-globalization protests in Prague (some 15,000 protesters) turn violent during the IMF and World Bank summits.
  • September 28 – Israeli opposition leader Ariel Sharon visits the Temple Mount, protected by a several-hundred-strong Israeli police force. Palestinian riots erupt, leading to a full-fledged armed uprising (called the Al-Aqsa Intifada by sympathizers and the Oslo War by opponents).
  • September 29 – The HM Prison Maze in Northern Ireland is closed.


  • October 1 – The 2000 Summer Olympics close in Sydney, Australia.
  • October 5 – President Slobodan Milošević leaves office after widespread demonstrations throughout Serbia.
  • October 6 – The last Mini is produced in Longbridge.
  • October 11
    • Jim Wallace becomes Acting First Minister of Scotland.
    • 250 million US gallons (950,000 m3) of coal sludge spill in Martin County, Kentucky (considered a greater environmental disaster than the Exxon Valdez oil spill).
  • October 12 – In Aden, Yemen, USS Cole is badly damaged by two Al-Qaeda suicide bombers, who place a small boat laden with explosives alongside the United States Navy destroyer, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39.
  • October 21 – Fifteen Arab leaders convene in Cairo, Egypt, for their first summit in 4 years; the Libyan delegation walks out, angry over signs the summit will stop short of calling for breaking ties with Israel.
  • October 22 – The Mainichi Shimbun newspaper exposes Japanese archeologist Shinichi Fujimura as a fraud; Japanese archaeologists had based their treatises on his findings.
  • October 23Madeleine Albright holds talks with North Korean dictator Kim Jong-il.
  • October 26 – Pakistani authorities announce that their police have found an apparently ancient mummy of a Persian Princess in the province of Balochistan. Iran, Pakistan and the Taliban all claim the mummy until Pakistan announces it is a modern-day fake on April 17, 2001.
  • October 27
    • Pacific Islands Forum (PIF).
    • Henry McLeish becomes First Minister of Scotland.
  • October 30 – This is the final date during which there is no human presence in space; on October 31, Soyuz TM-31 launches, carrying the first resident crew to the International Space Station. The ISS has been continuously crewed since.
  • October 31Singapore Airlines Flight 006 collides with construction equipment in the Chiang Kai Shek International Airport, resulting in 83 deaths.


  • November – Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq rejects new U.N. Security Council weapons inspections proposals.
  • November 1 - Serbia is admitted to the United Nations as the 190th member.
  • November 2 – The first resident crew enters the International Space Station.
  • November 3 – Widespread flooding occurs throughout England and Wales after days of heavy rain.
  • November 7
    • In London, a criminal gang raids the Millennium Dome to steal the Millennium Star diamond, but police surveillance catches them in the act.
    • Hillary Clinton is elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first First Lady of the United States to win public office.
    • United States presidential election, 2000: Republican Governor of Texas George W. Bush defeats Democratic Vice President Al Gore in the U.S. presidential election but there is a miscount in Florida resulting in a recount of the votes.
  • November 11Kaprun disaster, Austria: A funicular fire in an Alpine tunnel kills 155 skiers and snowboarders.
  • November 15 – A new Indian state called Jharkhand is formed, carving out the South Chhota Nagpur area from Bihar in India.
  • November 16Bill Clinton becomes the first sitting U.S. President to visit Vietnam since the end of the Vietnam War in 1975.
  • November 17
    • A catastrophic landslide in Log pod Mangartom, Slovenia, kills 7, and causes millions of SIT of damage. It is one of the worst catastrophes in Slovenia in the past 100 years.
    • Alberto Fujimori is removed from office as president of Peru.
  • November 27Jean Chrétien is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada, as the Liberal Party of Canada increases its majority in the House of Commons of Canada.
  • November 28Ukrainian politician Oleksandr Moroz touches off the Cassette Scandal by publicly accusing President Leonid Kuchma of involvement in the murder of journalist Georgiy Gongadze. The accusation creates the Orange Revolution in 2004.


  • December 1Vicente Fox takes office as President of Mexico.
  • December 7Kadisoka temple discovered in Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
  • December 12Bush v. Gore: The U.S. Supreme Court stops the Florida presidential recount, effectively giving the state, and the Presidency, to George W. Bush.
  • December 15
    • Disney's Paradise Pier Hotel opens at the Disneyland Resort.
    • The third and final reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant is shut down and the station is shut down completely.
  • December 24Christmas Eve 2000 Indonesia bombings: 18 people are killed in multiple Islamist bomb attacks on churches across Indonesia.
  • December 25 – A shopping center fire at Luoyang, Henan, China, kills 309.
  • December 30Rizal Day bombings: A series of bombs explode in various places in Metro Manila, Philippines, within a span of a few hours, killing 22 and injuring about 100.

World population[]

World population[14]
2000 1995 2005
World 6,070,581,000 5,674,380,000 +396,201,000 +6,98% 6,453,628,000 +383,047,000 +6,31%
Africa 795,671,000 707,462,000 +88,209,000 +12,47% 887,964,000 +92,293,000 +11,60%
Asia 3,679,737,000 3,430,052,000 +249,685,000 +7,28% 3,917,508,000 +237,771,000 +6,46%
Europe 727,986,000 727,405,000 +581,000 +0,08% 724,722,000 -3,264,000 -0,45%
Latin America 520,229,000 481,099,000 +39,130,000 +8,13% 558,281,000 +38,052,000 +7,31%
Northern America 315,915,000 299,438,000 +16,477,000 +5,50% 332,156,000 +16,241,000 +5,14%
Oceania 31,043,000 28,924,000 +2,119,000 +7,33% 32,998,000 +1,955,000 +6,30%



  • January 8Noah Cyrus, American actress
  • January 11
    • Cho Hee-soo, South Korean figure skater
    • Marrit Steenbergen, Dutch swimmer
  • January 26
    • Piper Mackenzie Harris, American actress and model
    • Angélique Abachkina, French dancer


  • February 5Jordan Nagai, American actor
  • February 10 - Yara Shahidi, American actress
  • February 21
    • Cho I-hsuan, Taiwanese professional tennis player
    • Yuto Miyazawa, Japanese singer
  • February 25
    • Laura Ann Kesling, American actress
    • Tucker Albrizzi, American actor
  • February 26Alexa Ilacad, Filipina actress
  • February 28Moise Kean, Italian footballer


  • March 1Ava Allan, American actress
  • March 2
    • Nahida Akter, Bangladeshi cricketer
    • Julia Kedhammar, Swedish Singer
  • March 5Jack Aitchison, Scottish footballer
  • March 6Jacob Bertrand, American actor
  • March 10Norah Flatley, American artistic gymnast
  • March 21Jace Norman, American actor
  • March 25Christian Traeumer, American actor
  • March 27Sophie Nélisse, Canadian actress
  • March 31Anu Anand, Indian actress


File:Jackie Evancho in Black Dress at Mandalay Bay (crop).jpg

Jackie Evancho

  • April 1 - Barbora Seemanová, Czech swimmer
  • April 6CJ Adams, American actor
  • April 7 - Ivan Ivanov, Bulgarian singer and songwriter
  • April 9Jackie Evancho, American soprano
  • April 14Miu Hirano, Japanese table tennis player
  • April 11Morgan Lily, American actress
  • April 23 - Chloe Kim, American snowboarder
  • April 28Ellie Carpenter, Australian footballer
File:Evan Bird Cannes 2014.jpg

Evan Bird


  • May 7Maxwell Perry Cotton, American actor
  • May 15Jacob Bragg, Australian runner
  • May 18 - Ryan Sessegnon, English footballer
  • May 23Evan Bird, Canadian actor
  • May 24 - Anja Crevar, Serbian swimmer
  • May 28 - Taylor Ruck, Canadian swimmer
  • May 30Jared S. Gilmore, American actor


File:Willow Shields by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Willow Shields

File:Laurie Hernandez Rio 2016.jpg

Laurie Hernandez

  • June 1Willow Shields, American actress
  • June 2Lilimar Hernandez, Venezuelan teen actress
  • June 5Eliias, Swedish singer
  • June 9 - Laurie Hernandez, American artistic gymnast
  • June 13Penny Oleksiak, Canadian swimmer
  • June 16Bianca Andreescu, Canadian tennis player
  • June 23
    • Brandon Weaver, American auto racer
    • Kim Hyun-soo, South Korean actress


  • July 4 - Rikako Ikee, Japanese swimmer
  • July 8Benjamin Stockham, American actor
  • July 16Jonathan Morgan Heit, American actor
  • July 17
    • Nico Liersch, German actor
    • Maria Aragon, Canadian singer
  • July 18 - Angelina Melnikova, Russian artistic gymnast
  • July 24 - Marko Calasan, Macedonian computer systems prodigy
  • July 25
    • Preston Bailey, American actor
    • Mason Cook, American actor
  • July 27Troy Glass, American actor
  • July 28Emily Hahn, American actress
  • July 29Lino Facioli, Brazilian actor


  • August 3Landry Bender, American actress
  • August 5Augie Isaac, American actor
  • August 8Félix Auger-Aliassime, Canadian tennis player
  • August 10Domina Butic, Croatian water polo player
  • August 24Griffin Gluck, American actor
  • August 25Vincenzo Cantiello, Italian singer
  • August 26Noah Ryan Scott, Canadian actor
  • August 27 - Tatsuomi Hamada, Japanese actor and model
  • August 28Jaylen Arnold, American activist, philanthropist, and actor
  • August 31 - Oreane Lechenault, French artistic gymnast


File:Frankie Jonas.jpg

Frankie Jonas

  • September 5- Ceren Akkaya, Turkish footballer
  • September 28
    • Frankie Jonas, American actor
    • Ahn Do-gyu, South Korean actor


File:Willow Smith 2011.jpg

Willow Smith

  • October 6Isobelle Molloy, British actress
  • October 10
    • Aedin Mincks, American actor
    • Dima Bashar, Palestinian-Jordanian singer
  • October 11Hayden Byerly, American actor
  • October 15 - David Rawle, Irish actor
  • October 31Willow Smith, American actress and singer



Connie Talbot



Main article: Category:2000 deaths

Nobel Prizes[]

  • ChemistryAlan J. Heeger, Alan MacDiarmid, and Hideki Shirakawa
  • EconomicsJames Heckman and Daniel McFadden
  • LiteratureGao Xingjian
  • PeaceKim Dae-jung
  • PhysicsZhores Alferov, Herbert Kroemer, and Jack Kilby
  • Physiology or MedicineArvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard, and Eric Kandel

See also[]

Lua error: bad argument #2 to '' (unrecognized namespace name 'Portal').

  • Y2K (disambiguation)
  • Year 2000 problem


  2. "Isaac Newton Maths posters in the London Underground".
  3. "Y2K, After the Hype". Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  4. TINA KELLEYPublished: December 27, 1999 (December 27, 1999). "'Y2K' Stands for the Year 2000. Now That Wasn't Really Difficult, Was It? - New York Times". Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  5. – World – War crimes tribunal hands Croat general lengthy sentence – March 3, 2000. Retrieved 19 November 2007.
  6. Fifth Anniversary: Nasdaq's record all-time closing high 5,048.62. Retrieved 19 November 2007.
  7. "Spaceflight Now - Breaking News - Sea Launch malfunction blamed on software glitch".
  8. Smith, D. R.; Padilla, WJ; Vier, DC; Nemat-Nasser, SC; Schultz, S (2000). "Composite Medium with Simultaneously Negative Permeability and Permittivity" (PDF). Physical Review Letters. 84 (18): 4184–7. Bibcode:2000PhRvL..84.4184S. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.4184. PMID 10990641.
  9. McDonald, Kim (March 21, 2000). "UCSD Physicists Develop a New Class of Composite Material with 'Reverse' Physical Properties Never Before Seen". UCSD Science and Engineering. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  10. "Planetary Alignment of 5 May 2000". Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  11. "Lakeland Ledger - Google News Archive Search".
  12. "Ludington Daily News - Google News Archive Search".
  14. World Population Prospects Archived December 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 19 November 2007.

External links[]