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1996 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1996
MCMXCVI
Ab urbe condita2749
Armenian calendar1445
ԹՎ ՌՆԽԵ
Assyrian calendar6746
Bahá'í calendar152–153
Balinese saka calendar1917–1918
Bengali calendar1403
Berber calendar2946
British Regnal year44 Eliz. 2 – 45 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2540
Burmese calendar1358
Byzantine calendar7504–7505
Chinese calendar乙亥(Wood Pig)
4692 or 4632
    — to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
4693 or 4633
Coptic calendar1712–1713
Discordian calendar3162
Ethiopian calendar1988–1989
Hebrew calendar5756–5757
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2052–2053
 - Shaka Samvat1917–1918
 - Kali Yuga5096–5097
Holocene calendar11996
Igbo calendar996–997
Iranian calendar1374–1375
Islamic calendar1416–1417
Japanese calendarHeisei 8
(平成8年)
Javanese calendar1928–1929
Juche calendar85
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4329
Minguo calendarROC 85
民國85年
Nanakshahi calendar528
Thai solar calendar2539
Tibetan calendar阴木猪年
(female Wood-Pig)
2122 or 1741 or 969
    — to —
阳火鼠年
(male Fire-Rat)
2123 or 1742 or 970
Unix time820454400 – 852076799

1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1996th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 996th year of the , the 96th year of the , and the 7th year of the decade.

1996 was designated as:

  • International Year for the Eradication of Poverty

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Events

January

  • January 1Fahd of Saudi Arabia temporarily gives power to Crown Prince Abdullah, his legal successor, due to illness.Template:Clarify
  • January 3Motorola introduces the Motorola StarTAC Wearable Cellular Telephone, the world's smallest and lightest mobile phone to date.
  • January 4Hosni Mubarak, the president of Egypt, appoints a new government in response to accusations of corruption in the parliamentary elections in late 1995.Template:Clarify
  • January 5Hamas operative Yahya Ayyash is assassinated by an Israeli Shabak-planted, bomb-laden cell phone.
  • January 7 – One of the worst blizzards in American history hits the eastern states, killing more than 150 people. Philadelphia receives a record 30.7 inches (78 cm) of snowfall, New York City's public schools close for the first time in 18 years and the federal government in Washington, D.C. is closed for days.
  • January 8 – A Zairean cargo plane crashes into a crowded market in the center of the capital Kinshasa, killing 300.
  • January 9January 20 – Serious fighting breaks out between Russian soldiers and rebel fighters in Chechnya.
  • January 11Ryutaro Hashimoto, leader of the Liberal Democratic Party, becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
  • January 13 – Italy's prime minister, Lamberto Dini, resigns after the failure of all-party talks to confirm him. New talks are initiated by president Oscar Luigi Scalfaro to form a new government.
  • January 14Jorge Sampaio is elected president of Portugal.
  • January 16 – President of Sierra Leone Valentine Strasser is deposed by the chief of defence, Julius Maada Bio. Bio promises to restore power following elections scheduled for February.
  • January 17Amber Hagerman, a 9-year-old American child victim and namesake for the AMBER Alert system, is murdered in Arlington, Texas
  • January 19
    • The North Cape oil spill occurs as an engine fire forces the tugboat Scandia ashore on Moonstone Beach in South Kingstown, Rhode Island. The North Cape Barge is pulled along with it and leaks 820,000 gallons of home heating oil.
    • An Indonesian ferry sinks off the northern tip of Sumatra, drowning more than 100 people.
  • January 20Yasser Arafat is re-elected president of the Palestinian Authority.
File:Yasser-arafat-1999.jpg

Yasser Arafat

  • January 21 – France undertakes its last nuclear weapon test.
  • January 22Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece, resigns due to health problems; a new government forms under Costas Simitis.
  • January 24 – Polish Premier Józef Oleksy resigns amid charges that he spied for Moscow. He is replaced by Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz.
  • January 26Whitewater scandal: U.S. First Lady Hillary Clinton testifies before a grand jury.
  • January 27 – Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane, in a military coup.
  • January 29
    • President Jacques Chirac announces a "definitive end" to French nuclear testing.
    • Fire destroys La Fenice, Venice's opera house.
  • January 30Irish National Liberation Army leader Gino Gallagher is killed in an internal feud.
  • January 30February 5Sarah Balabagan is caned in the United Arab Emirates.
  • January 31
    • Colombo Central Bank bombing: an explosives-filled truck rams into the gates of the Central Bank in Colombo, Sri Lanka, killing at least 86 and injuring 1,400.
    • An explosion in Shaoyang, China kills 122 and injures over 400 when 10 short tons (9.1 t) of dynamite in an illegal explosives warehouse underneath an apartment building detonate.
    • An amateur astronomer from southern Japan discovers Comet Hyakutake; it will pass very close to the Earth in March.

February

  • February 4 – The 6.6 Mw earthquake near Lijiang in southwest China kills up to 322 people, injures 17,000, and leaves three-hundred thousand homeless.
  • February 6Birgenair Flight 301, on an unauthorised charter flight from the Caribbean to Germany, crashes into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of the Dominican Republic, killing all 189 passengers and crew.
  • February 7René Préval succeeds Jean-Bertrand Aristide as president of Haiti, in the first peaceful handover of power since the nation achieved independence.
  • February 8
    • The Telecommunications Act of 1996 was signed into US law by President Bill Clinton, deregulating access to the telecommunications and broadcasting market, including the dissemination of media by internet. The bill was the first to be signed in cyberspace.
  • February 9
    • The element copernicium is created by fusing a 208Pb nucleus with a 70Zn nucleus, forming 278Cn. Given the placeholder name "ununbium", the element is not named until 2010.
    • An IRA ceasefire ends with the Docklands bombing in London's Canary Wharf District, killing 2 and causing over £85 million worth of damage.
  • February 10
    • Chess computer "Deep Blue" defeats world chess champion Garry Kasparov for the first time.
    • Bosnian Serbs break off contact with the Bosnian government and with representatives of Ifor, the NATO localised force, in reaction to the arrest of several Bosnian Serb war criminals.
  • February 14 – Violent clashes erupt between Filipino soldiers and Vietnamese boat people, as the Philippines government attempts to forcibly repatriate hundreds of Vietnamese asylum seekers.
  • February 15
    • In southwest Wales, the oil tanker Sea Empress runs aground, spilling 73,000 tonnes (72,000 long tons; 80,000 short tons) of crude oil, killing many birds.
    • The U.S. Embassy in Athens, Greece, comes under mortar fire.
    • Begum Khaleda Zia is reelected as prime minister of Bangladesh. The country's second democratic election is marred by low voter turnout, due to several boycotts and pre-election violence, which result in at least 13 deaths.
    • The UK government publishes the Scott Report.
File:Intelsat708.jpg

Feb.15: Long March rocket, with Intelsat 708 satellite, veers upon launch (images from Cox Commission report for U.S. Congress).

  • February 17
    • In Philadelphia, Garry Kasparov beats "Deep Blue" in a second chess match.
    • The 8.2 Mw Biak earthquake shakes the Papua province of eastern Indonesia with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). A large tsunami followed, leaving one-hundred sixty-six people dead or missing and 423 injured.
  • February 18 – An IRA briefcase bomb in a bus kills the bomber and injures 9 in the West End of London.
  • February 19 – A wooden ferry capsizes as it enters the port of Cadiz in the Philippines, killing 54 people.
  • February 21 – King Fahd of Saudi Arabia announces his medical recovery in the national press and assumes power again from his brother, Crown Prince Abdullah.
  • February 24Cuban fighter jets shoot down 2 American aircraft belonging to the Cuban exile group, Brothers to the Rescue. Cuban officials assert that they invaded Cuban airspace.
  • February 25 – Two suicide bombs in Israel kill 25 and injure 80; Hamas claims responsibility.
  • February 27Pokémon Red and Blue are released in Japan by Nintendo as Pocket Monsters: Red and Green, the first role-playing video game in the Pokémon series, developed by Game Freak.
  • February 28 – Canadian singer Alanis Morissette wins the top honor, Album of the Year award, at the 38th Annual Grammy Awards. At age 21, she is the youngest person to ever win this award, a record she will hold until 2010, when Taylor Swift wins.
  • February 29
    • In Lumberton, North Carolina, Daniel Green is convicted of the murder of James Jordan, the father of basketball star Michael Jordan.
    • Faucett Flight 251 en route from Lima to Rodriguez Ballon airport crashes into a mountain near Arequipa; all 123 people on board are killed.
    • At least 81 people drown when a boat capsizes 120 kilometres east of Kampala, Uganda.
    • The Bosnian government declares the end of the Siege of Sarajevo.

March

  • March 1Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraqi forces refuse UNSCOM inspection teams access to 5 sites designated for inspection. The teams enter the sites only after delays of up to 17 hours.
  • March 2
    • Ranabima Royal College is established in Sri Lanka.
    • The Australian federal election, 1996 is held; Labor's Paul Keating loses to Liberal leader John Howard.
  • March 3José María Aznar, leader of the Popular Party, is elected prime minister of Spain, replacing Felipe González.
  • March 3March 4 – Two more suicide bombs explode in Israel, killing 32. The Yahya Ayyash Units admit responsibility, and Palestinian president Yasser Arafat condemns the killings in a televised address. Israel warns of retaliation.
  • March 6
    • Mesut Yılmaz, of ANAP forms the new government of Turkey (53rd government).
    • A boat carrying market traders capsizes outside Freetown harbour, in Sierra Leone, killing at least 86.
    • Chechen rebels attack the Russian government headquarters in Grozny; 70 Russian soldiers and policemen and 130 Chechen fighters are killed.
  • March 8 – The People's Republic of China begins surface-to-surface missile testing and military exercises off Taiwanese coastal areas. The United States government condemns the act as provocation, and the Taiwanese government warns of retaliation.
  • March 9Jorge Sampaio is the new Portuguese president.
  • March 11John Howard is sworn in as the new Prime Minister of Australia.
  • March 13Dunblane massacre: Unemployed former shopkeeper Thomas Hamilton walks into the Dunblane Primary School in Scotland and opens fire, killing 16 infant school pupils and one teacher before fatally shooting himself.
  • March 14 – An international peace summit is held in Egypt, in response to escalating terrorist attacks in the Middle East.
  • March 16Robert Mugabe is reelected president of Zimbabwe, although only 32 percent of the electorate actually voted.
  • March 17Sri Lanka wins the Cricket World Cup by beating Australia in a disappointing final.
  • March 18 – The Ozone Disco Club fire in Quezon City, Philippines kills 163.
  • March 19Nelson Mandela is granted a divorce from Winnie Madikizela-Mandela.
  • March 20 – The British government announces that Bovine spongiform encephalopathy has been likely transmitted to people.
  • March 22Sweden's Finance Minister Göran Persson becomes his homeland's new Prime Minister.
  • March 23Taiwan (Republic of China) holds its first direct elections for president; Lee Teng-hui is re-elected.
  • March 24
    • Islamists clash with security forces in Kashmir, killing 11.
    • The devastating Marcopper mining disaster on the island of Marinduque, Philippines takes place.
  • March 25
    • An 81-day-long standoff begins between antigovernment Freemen and federal officers in Jordan, Montana.
    • The 68th Academy Awards, hosted by Whoopi Goldberg, are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles with Braveheart winning Best Picture.
    • Closest approach to Earth of Comet Hyakutake, one of the closest cometary approaches of the previous 200 years
  • March 26 – The International Monetary Fund approves a $10.2 billion loan to Russia for economic reform.
  • March 28
    • Fire breaks out at the Pasar Anyar shopping centre in Bogor, West Java. The first death toll estimate is 78 until rescuers notice that 68 of them are mannequins.
    • Three British soldiers are found guilty of the manslaughter of Danish tour guide Louise Jensen in Cyprus. Allan Ford, Justin Fowler and Geoffrey Pernell receive life sentences for the September 1994 rape/murder.

April

  • April 1 – The Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia is created.
  • April 3
    • A Boeing 737 military jet crashes into a mountain north of Dubrovnik, Croatia. All 35 people on board die, including United States Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown (see 1996 Croatia USAF CT-43 crash).
    • Suspected "Unabomber" Theodore Kaczynski is arrested at his Montana cabin.
    • Massacres of Hutus by Tutsis in Burundi take place, with more than 450 killed in a few days.
  • April 6
    • Fighting breaks out in Monrovia, Liberia, between various rebel factions struggling for power in the country's interrupted civil war. Several foreign nationals leave the nation.
    • Major League Soccer kicks off in front of an overflow crowd of 31,683 packed in Spartan Stadium, to witness the historic first game. San Jose Clash forward Eric Wynalda scores the league's first goal in a 1–0 victory over D.C. United.
    • Turkish authorities begin Operation Hawk, an army offensive against rebels from the Kurdish Worker's Party in southeastern Turkey.
  • April 9 – In a common statement, the European Union officially recognizes the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • April 11
    • The Israeli government launches Operation Grapes of Wrath, consisting of massive attacks on Lebanon, in retaliation for prior terrorist attacks, and sparking off a violent series of retaliations.
    • At Düsseldorf Airport, smouldering polystyrene evolves into a major fire, killing 17 people inside the terminal building.
  • April 18
    • Qana Massacre: Over 100 Lebanese civilians are killed after Israel shells the United Nations compound in Qana.
    • In reaction to the Qana Massacre, an Islamist group in Egypt open fire on a hotel, killing 18 Greek tourists and injuring 17 others.
  • April 21 – A general election in Italy proclaims a new center-left government headed by Romano Prodi, replacing Silvio Berlusconi.
  • April 24 – At the urging of Yasser Arafat, the Palestine Liberation Organization drops its clause calling for the removal of Israel. The Israeli government responds by dropping a similar clause concerning the existence of Palestine.
  • April 26 – A regional security treaty is signed by the "Shanghai Five".
  • April 28
    • Port Arthur massacre: Martin Bryant kills 35 people at the Port Arthur, Tasmania tourist site, Australia.
    • A bomb explodes in Bhaiperu, Pakistan, killing more than 60 people.

May

  • May – Iraq disarmament crisis: UNSCOM supervises the destruction of Al-Hakam, Iraq's main production facility of biological warfare agents.
  • May 4 – A Sudanese Federal Airlines jet crashes on a domestic flight in a severe dust storm, while making an emergency landing 325 kilometres northeast of Khartoum, killing all 53 passengers and crew.
  • May 8 – The Keck II telescope is dedicated in Hawaii.
  • May 9
    • South Africa's National Party pulls out of the 2-year-old coalition government, and the African National Congress assumes full political control.
    • Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni wins a landslide victory in the country's first direct presidential elections, securing 75% of the vote.
  • May 10
    • 1996 Everest disaster: A sudden storm engulfs Mount Everest with several climbing teams high on the mountain, leaving 8 dead. By the end of the month, at least 4 other climbers die in the worst season of fatalities on the mountain to date.
    • The Australian government introduces a nationwide ban on the private possession of both automatic and semi-automatic rifles, in response to the Port Arthur massacre.
    • Vietnamese Vietnamese boat people in Hong Kong, facing forced repatriation due to their classification as economic migrants rather than refugees, stage a protest at the Whitehead Detention Centre.
  • May 11 – After takeoff from Miami, a fire started by improperly handled oxygen canisters in the cargo hold of Atlanta-bound ValuJet Flight 592, causes the Douglas DC-9 to crash in the Florida Everglades, killing all 110 on board.
  • May 13 – Severe thunderstorms and a tornado in Bangladesh kill 600.
  • May 15 – Nine hostages held by the Free Papua Organization in Irian Jaya are rescued after an operation by the Indonesian military; 2 other hostages are later found dead.
  • May 1728Atal Bihari Vajpayee, leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party, is elected the new prime minister of India, replacing P. V. Narasimha Rao of the Indian National Congress. However, the party does not receive an overall majority and Vajpayee resigns 13 days later rather than face a no confidence vote, and is replaced by the United Front, led Deve Gowda.
  • May 18 – The X Prize Foundation launches the $10 million Ansari X Prize
  • May 20Gay rightsRomer v. Evans: The Supreme Court of the United States rules against a law that prevents any city, town or county in the state of Colorado from taking any legislative, executive, or judicial action to protect the rights of homosexuals.
  • May 21
    • The MV Bukoba sinks in Tanzanian waters in Lake Victoria, killing nearly 1,000 in one of Africa's worst maritime disasters.
    • The Trappist Martyrs of Atlas are executed.
    • The famous 1913 Liberty Head nickel owned by Louis E. Eliasberg becomes the first coin to top $1,000,000 in a U.S. auction.
  • May 23
    • Swede Göran Kropp reaches the Mount Everest summit alone without oxygen, after having bicycled there from Sweden.
    • Members of the Armed Islamic Group in Algeria kill 7 French Trappist monks, after talks with French government concerning the imprisonment of several GIA sympathisers break down.
  • May 27First Chechnya War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin meets with Chechnyan rebels for the first time and negotiates a cease-fire in the war.
  • May 28Albania's general election of May 26 is declared unfair by international monitors, and the ruling Democratic Party under President Sali Berisha is charged by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe with rigging the elections. Several hundred protestors gather in Tirana to demonstrate against the election result.
  • May 30
    • The Likud Party, led by Benjamin Netanyahu, wins a narrow victory in the Israeli general election.
    • The Hoover Institution releases an optimistic report that global warming will probably reduce mortality in the United States and provide Americans with valuable benefits.[1]
  • May 31FIFA decides to give the FIFA World Cup 2002, the first World Cup in Asia, to Japan and South Korea, becoming the first World Cup with co-host countries in the history of the event.

June

  • June – Iraq disarmament crisis: As Iraq continues to refuse inspectors access to a number of sites, the U.S. fails in its attempt to build support for military action against Iraq in the UN Security Council.
  • June 1June 3 – The Czech Republic's first general election ends inconclusively. Prime Minister Václav Klaus and his incumbent Civic Democratic Party emerge as the winners, but are unable to form a majority government. President Václav Havel refuses to invite Klaus to form a coalition.
  • June 4 – The space rocket Ariane 5 explodes 40 seconds after takeoff in French Guiana. The project costs European governments 7.5 billion US dollars over 11 years.
  • June 6Leighton W. Smith, Jr. resigns as NATO commander in the face of increasing criticism.
  • June 7 – An IRA gang kills Detective Garda Jerry McCabe during a botched armed robbery in Adare, County Limerick.
  • June 8
    • The 10th European Football Championship (UEFA Euro 96) begins in England.
    • Steffi Graf defeats Arantxa Sánchez Vicario in the longest ever women's final at the French Open, to win her 19th Grand Slam title.
  • June 10
  • June 11
    • An explosion in a São Paulo suburban shopping centre kills 44 and injures more than 100.
    • A peace convoy carrying Chechen separatist leaders and international diplomats is targeted by a series of remotely controlled land mines; 8 are killed.
  • June 12 – In Philadelphia, a panel of federal judges blocks a law against indecency on the Internet. The panel says that the 1996 Communications Decency Act would infringe upon the free speech rights of adults.
  • June 13 – An 81-day standoff between the Montana Freemen and FBI agents ends with their surrender in Montana.
  • June 15 – In Manchester, UK, a massive IRA bomb injures over 200 people and devastates a large part of the city centre.
  • June 19Boris Yeltsin emerges as the winner in Russia's first round of presidential elections.
  • June 20 – Thousands of Megawati Sukarnoputri supporters clash with police in Jakarta, Indonesia.
  • June 23
    • The Nintendo 64 video game system is released in Japan.
    • Archbishop Desmond Tutu is given an official farewell at his retirement service.
  • June 25 – The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia kills 19 U.S. servicemen.
  • June 26 – Journalist Veronica Guerin is shot and killed in her car just outside Dublin.
  • June 28
    • A new government is formed in Turkey, with Necmettin Erbakan of Refah Partisi becoming prime minister of the coalition government, and deputy and foreign minister Tansu Çiller of the True Path Party succeeding him after 2 years.
    • The Constitution of Ukraine is signed into law.
  • June 29
    • The Prince's Trust concert is held in Hyde Park, London, and is attended by 150,000 people. The Who headlines the event in their first performance since 1989.
    • An explosion in a firecrackers factory in Sichuan Province, China kills at least 36 people and injures another 52.
  • June 30
    • Costas Simitis is elected president of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement of Greece.
    • Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadžić relinquishes power to his deputy, Biljana Plavšić.
    • Germany defeats the Czech Republic 2-1 after extra time in the final of the European Championships.

July

  • July
    • Iraq disarmament crisis: U.N. Inspector Scott Ritter attempts to conduct surprise inspections on the Republican Guard facility at the airport, but is blocked by Iraqi officials.
    • The Prague Manifesto declares the principles of the Esperanto movement.
    • Confrontations occur in Northern Ireland between police and Orange Order protestors at Drumcree Church (see Drumcree conflict).
    • The Indian government officially renames the city of Madras, restoring the name Chennai.Template:Fix
  • July 1
    • The Northern Territory in Australia legalises voluntary euthanasia.
    • German orthography reform of 1996 agreed internationally.
  • July 2 – In Los Angeles, Lyle and Erik Menendez are sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.
  • July 3Boris Yeltsin is reelected as President of Russia after the second round of elections.
  • July 5Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be successfully cloned from an adult cell, is born at the Roslin Institute in Midlothian, Scotland.
  • July 8Martina Hingis becomes the youngest person in history (age 15 years and 282 days) to win at Wimbledon in the Ladies' Doubles event.
  • July 10Harriet the Spy, the first movie made by Nickelodeon Movies, premieres in theaters.
  • July 11 – Arrest warrants are issued for Bosnian Serb war criminals Radovan Karadžić and Ratko Mladić by the Russell Tribunal in The Hague.
  • July 12Hurricane Bertha: made landfall in North Carolina as a Category 2 storm, causing $270 million in damage ($Template:Formatprice in present-day termsTemplate:Inflation-fn) to the United States and its possessions and many indirect deaths.
  • July 13 – A Republican Sinn Féin bomb explodes outside of a hotel in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, disrupting a wedding reception and injuring 17 people.
  • July 16 – An outbreak of E. coli food poisoning in Japan results in 6,000 children being ill, including two deaths, after a group of school children eat contaminated lunches.
  • July 17
    • The Community of Portuguese Language Countries (Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa) is constituted.
    • Paris and Rome-bound TWA Flight 800 (Boeing 747) explodes off the coast of Long Island, New York, killing all 230 on board.
    • Joe Klein admits that he is "Anonymous", the author of Primary Colors.
  • July 18 – Howard Hughes is sentenced to life imprisonment at Chester Crown Court for the rape and murder of 7-year-old Sophie Hook at Llandudno 12 months previously. The trial judge recommends that Hughes, 31, should never be released. However, the Home Secretary set his minimum term at 50 years in 2002, meaning he is eligible for parole in 2046.
  • July 19
    • An F3 tornado 5.5 miles (8.9 km) away from the Westminster, Maryland city center injures 3 people and causes $5 million in damages ($Template:Formatprice in present-day termsTemplate:Inflation-fn).[2]
    • The 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, United States, begin.
    • Bosnian Serb President Radovan Karadžić resigns from public office in Republika Srpska after being indicted for war crimes.
  • July 21 – The Saguenay Flood, one of Canada's most costly natural disasters, is caused by flooding on the Saguenay River in Quebec.
  • July 24 – The Dehiwala train bombing kills 56 commuters outside Colombo.
  • July 25 – The Tutsi-led Burundian army performs a coup and reinstalls previous president Pierre Buyoya, ousting current president Sylvestre Ntibantunganya.
  • July 27 – The Centennial Olympic Park bombing at the 1996 Summer Olympics kills 1 and injures 111.
  • July 29 – The child protection portion of the Communications Decency Act (1996) is struck down as too broad by a U.S. federal court.

August

File:ALH84001 structures.jpg

The electron microscope revealed chain structures in meteorite fragment ALH84001.

  • The first three parent baby is conceived in New Jersey through mitochondrial donation.[3]
  • August 1
    • Sarah Balabagan returns to the Philippines.
    • A pro-democracy demonstration supporting Megawati Sukarnoputri in Indonesia is broken up by riot police.
  • August 4 – The 1996 Summer Olympics conclude.
  • August 6
    • NASA announces that the Allan Hills 84001 meteorite, thought to originate from Mars, may contain evidence of primitive lifeforms.
    • The Australian census is conducted.
    • The American punk rock band the Ramones play their last show.
  • August 7 – Heavy rains kill more than 80 campers near Huesca, Spain.
  • August 9Boris Yeltsin is sworn in at the Kremlin for a second term as President of Russia.
  • August 11 – The British rock band Oasis plays the biggest free-standing concert in UK history at Knebworth, Hertfordshire.
  • August 13 – Data sent back by the Galileo space probe indicates there may be water on one of Jupiter's moons.
  • August 14 – A rocket ignited during a fireworks display in Arequipa, Peru knocks down a high-tension power cable into a dense crowd, electrocuting 35 people.
  • August 15Bob Dole is nominated for President of the United States, and Jack Kemp for Vice President, at the Republican National Convention in San Diego, California.
  • August 16
    • Brookfield Zoo, Chicago. After a 3-year-old boy falls into the 20-foot (6.1 m) deep gorilla enclosure, Binti Jua, a female lowland gorilla sits with the injured boy until his rescue.
    • After having spent 378 days in a Taliban prison, the crew of Russian Il-76TD manage to overpower their guards, board their aircraft and fly to freedom (see: 1995 Airstan incident).
  • August 18 The San Jose Mercury News publishes Gary Webb's three-part series on the Reagan CIA's role in crack cocaine importation to fund the Contras.[4]
  • August 20 – A thousands-large protest in Seoul, calling for reunification with North Korea, is broken up by riot police.
  • August 21
    • Former president of South Africa, F. W. de Klerk, makes an official apology for crimes committed under Apartheid to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Cape Town.
    • In Britain Queen Elizabeth II issues letters patent on divorced former wives of British princes, taking away from the ex-wives the attribute and style of Royal Highness. With that Sarah, Duchess of York as well as Diana, Princess of Wales legally cease to be Royals, but they remain as non-royal Duchess and Princess. Still they are allowed to keep these titles for their children are in line to the throne.
  • August 23Osama bin Laden writes "The Declaration of Jihad on the Americans Occupying the Country of the Two Sacred Places," a call for the removal of American military forces from Saudi Arabia.
  • August 26
    • Chun Doo-hwan is sentenced to death, after being found guilty of mutiny and treason.
    • Bill Clinton signs welfare reform into law.
    • Iraqi expatriates seeking refuge hijack a Sudanese airliner en route from Khartoum to Amman.
  • August 28 – Their Royal Highnesses, the Prince and Princess of Wales, are formally divorced at the High Court of Justice in London. Her Royal Highness The Princess of Wales is restyled Diana, Princess of Wales, due to the Queen's letters patent issued a week earlier.
  • August 29
    • U.S. President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore are renominated at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
    • A Russian Tupolev 154 jetliner crashes into a mountain as it approaches the airport at Spitsbergen, Norway, killing all 141 people on board.
  • August 30 – The attempted raising of a 15-tonne section of the Template:RMS fails, as 1,700 spectators, including survivors of the wreck, watch.
  • August 31
    • Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraqi forces launch an offensive into the northern No-Fly Zone and capture Arbil.
    • The Big 12 Conference is inaugurated with a football game between Kansas State University and Texas Tech University in Manhattan, Kansas.

September

  • September 2 – A permanent peace agreement is signed at the Malacañan Palace between the Government of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front.
  • September 2 - The television program Arthur premiered on PBS.
  • September 3 – The U.S. launches Operation Desert Strike against Iraq in reaction to the attack on Arbil.
  • September 4 – The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia attack a military base in Guaviare, Colombia, starting 3 weeks of guerrilla warfare that will claim the lives of at least 130 Colombians.
  • September 5Hurricane Fran makes landfall near Cape Fear, North Carolina as a Category 3 storm with 115 mph (185 km/h) sustained winds. Fran caused over $3 billion in damages ($Template:Formatprice in present-day termsTemplate:Inflation-fn) and killed 27 people, mainly in North Carolina. The name "Fran" was retired due to the extensive damage.
  • September 10Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) signed (it will be ratified 180 days after ratification by 44 Annex 2 countries).
  • September 11Union Pacific finalizes its purchase of Southern Pacific that was effectively started almost a century before in 1901.
  • September 12Ricardo López sends a package, containing an acid bomb, to Icelandic singer Björk with the intention to kill or disfigure her, and then commits suicide. The package is intercepted by the Scotland Yard four days later, before doing any harm.
  • September 13Alija Izetbegović is elected president of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the country's first election since the Bosnian War.
  • September 18 – A North Korean Sang-O class submarine runs aground in South Korea. The crew are described as spies by the South Korean government and killed by the South Korean military.
  • September 20 – Leader of Pakistani opposition party Pakistan Peoples Party Murtaza Bhutto is killed during a gun battle with police.
  • September 20Tiger Cave Kiln discovered at Hangzhou in the Chinese province of Zhejiang.
  • September 22 – The Panhellenic Socialist Movement under the leadership of Costas Simitis succeeds in the 1996 Greek legislative election.
  • September 24 – U.S. President Bill Clinton signs the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty at the United Nations.
  • September 25 – The last of the Magdalene asylums is closed in Ireland.
  • September 27 – In Afghanistan, the Taliban capture the capital city of Kabul, after driving out President Burhanuddin Rabbani and executing former leader Mohammad Najibullah.
  • September 30 – The United States Congress passes an amendment that bars anyone convicted of even misdemeanor level domestic violence from obtaining and possessing firearms.

October

  • October 2
    • The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by U.S. President Bill Clinton.
    • The former prime minister of Bulgaria, Andrey Lukanov, is assassinated.
    • Aeroperú Flight 603 crashes into the Pacific Ocean when the instruments fail just after takeoff from Lima Airport, killing all 70 on board.
  • October 6 – The government of New Zealand agrees to pay $130 million worth of compensation for the loss of land suffered by the Māori population between the years of 1844 and 1864.
  • October 7News Corporation launches the Fox News Channel as a 24-hour news channel to compete against CNN
  • October 15 – Several large strikes begin in various industries across Belgium in protest to the dismissal of the magistrate Jean-Marc Connerotte by the Supreme Court.
  • October 22 – A fire at La Planta prison in southwest Caracas, Venezuela, kills 30 prisoners.
  • October 23 – The O. J. Simpson civil trial begins in Santa Monica, California.
  • October 30 – Fighting erupts when Banyamulenga Tutsis of Laurent Kabila in Zaire seize Uvira and proceed to kill Hutu refugees.
  • October 31TAM Transportes Aéreos Regionais Flight 402 crashes into a densely populated area of São Paulo, killing all 96 people on board.

November

  • November – Iraq disarmament crisis: UNSCOM inspectors uncover buried prohibited missile parts. Iraq refuses to allow UNSCOM teams to remove remnants of missile engines for analysis outside of the country.
  • November 1Al Jazeera, as known well for multi-language news channel in the world, first regular service start in Doha, Qatar.Template:Fix
  • November 5
    • Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto's government is dismissed by President Farooq Leghari after widespread allegations of corruption.
    • United States presidential election, 1996: Incumbent Democratic President Bill Clinton defeats his Republican challenger, Bob Dole.
  • November 7
    • A devastating category 4 cyclone strikes Andhra Pradesh, India. The storm surge sweeps fishing villages out to sea, over 2,000 people die. 95 percent of the crops are completely destroyed.
    • NASA launches the Mars Global Surveyor.
  • November 8 – All 141 people on board a Nigerian-owned Boeing 727 die when the aircraft crashes into the Atlantic Ocean while approaching Lagos airport.
  • November 12Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 collides in mid-air with Kazakhstan Airlines Il-76 in New Delhi, India, resulting in the loss of 349 lives.
  • November 15State Street in Chicago is re-opened to pedestrian traffic.
  • November 16
    • Mother Teresa receives honorary U.S. citizenship.
    • The scoreboard at Buffalo's $127.5 million HSBC Arena falls to the ice just hours before a National Hockey League game; no one is injured.[5][6][7]
  • November 17
    • A bomb explosion in Kaspiysk, Russia, kills 32 people.
    • Emil Constantinescu is elected president of Romania.
  • November 18
    • World-renowned bird expert Tony Silva is sentenced to 7 years in prison without parole, for leading an illegal parrot smuggling ring.
    • Frederick Chiluba is reelected president of Zambia.
  • November 19
    • Martin Bryant is sentenced to 35 consecutive sentences of life imprisonment plus 1035 years without parole for murdering 35 people in a shooting spree in Tasmania earlier this year.
    • Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Organization (CTBTO) established.
    • STS-80: Space Shuttle Columbia conducts the longest mission of the Space Shuttle program.
  • November 20 – The 1996 Garley Building fire occurred in Hong Kong, resulting in 41 deaths and 81 injuries.
  • November 21
    • A propane explosion at the Humberto Vidal shoe store and office building in San Juan, Puerto Rico kills 33.
    • Demonstrators in Zagreb demand the survival of Radio 101.
  • November 23
    • The Republic of Angola officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Angola.
    • Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 is hijacked, then crashes into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 125.
  • November 25
    • An ice storm strikes the U.S., killing 26 directly, hundreds more from accidents. A powerful windstorm blasts Florida; winds gust to 90 mph.
    • The U.S. stock market, especially the Dow Jones Industrial Average, gains at an incredibly fast pace following the 1996 Presidential election. It gains 10 days in a row during the month.
    • The APEC Summit opens in the Philippines.
  • November 26 – The Sands Hotel in Las Vegas is imploded to make way for the Venetian Hotel.

December

  • December 2
    • U.S. President Bill Clinton signs the Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments.
    • Widespread student pro-democracy protests are broken up in Burma.
  • December 5Federal Reserve Board Chairman Alan Greenspan gives a speech in which he suggests that "irrational exuberance" may have "unduly escalated asset values".
  • December 9Jerry Rawlings is reelected president of Ghana.
  • December 11Tung Chee-hwa is appointed to become the new leader of Hong Kong after it reverts to Chinese rule in 1997.
  • December 12Uday Hussein is seriously injured in an assassination attempt.
  • December 13Kofi Annan is elected by the United Nations Security Council the next Secretary-General of the United Nations.
  • December 17 – The Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement takes 72 hostages in the Japanese Embassy in Lima, Peru.
  • December 18 – The loi Carrez, or Carrez law governing property transactions, is enacted in France[8]
  • December 20Steve Jobs' company NeXT is bought by Apple Computer, the company co-founded by Jobs.
  • December 20 - Scream (1996) comes out in theaters.
  • December 25 – Six-year-old JonBenét Ramsey is murdered in the basement of her parents' home in Boulder, Colorado.
  • December 26 – The largest strike in South Korean history begins.
  • December 27Taliban forces retake the strategic Bagram Air Base, which solidifies their buffer zone around Kabul.
  • December 29Guatemala and the leaders of the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity sign a peace accord that ends the 36-year Guatemalan Civil War.
  • December 30
    • In the Indian state of Assam, a passenger train is bombed by Bodo separatists, killing 26.
    • Proposed budget cuts by Benjamin Netanyahu spark protests from 250,000 workers, who shut down services across Israel.
  • December 31
    • The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway is merged with the Burlington Northern Railroad to form the BNSF Railway, making it one of the largest railroad mergers in U.S. history.
    • The Hacienda in Las Vegas is imploded to make way for the Mandalay Bay.

Date unknown

  • The General Motors EV1, the first production electric car of the modern era, is launched and becomes available for lease.
  • The invasive species Asian long-horned beetle is found in New York.

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

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Oana Gregory

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Ella Henderson

File:Grishina at Jesolo 2012.png

Anastasia Grishina

File:Shake, Rattle and Roll XV Official Trailer - Khalil Ramos.jpg

Khalil Ramos

February

File:Kelli Berglund at Captain America Civil War premiere.jpg

Kelli Berglund

File:Sasha Pieterse at Pretty Little Liars PaleyFest 2014.jpg

Sasha Pieterse

File:Sophie Turner SDCC 2014 (cropped).jpg

Sophie Turner

  • February 1
    • Dionne Bromfield, English singer-songwriter and television personality
    • Gianluigi Quinzi, Italian tennis player
  • February 5Zeng Siqi, Chinese artistic gymnast
  • February 7
    • Mai Hagiwara, Japanese singer
    • Aaron Ekblad, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Jake Goldberg, American actor
  • February 8Kenedy, Brazilian footballer
  • February 9
    • Jimmy Bennett, American actor
    • Kelli Berglund, American actress
  • February 11Jonathan Tah, German footballer
  • February 14
    • Lucas Hernández, French footballer
    • Viktor Kovalenko, Ukrainian footballer
  • February 17
    • Erika Fasana, Italian artistic gymnast
    • Sasha Pieterse, South African/American actress
  • February 18Ikumi Hisamatsu, Japanese fashion model and actress
  • February 21Sophie Turner, English actress
  • February 23D'Angelo Russell, American basketball player
  • February 24Cristian Imparato, Italian singer
  • February 25Emel Dereli, Turkish shot putter
  • February 28Danilo Barbosa, Brazilian footballer

March

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Taylor Hill

File:Timo werner.jpg

Timo Werner

File:20140402 MCDAAG Myles Turner makes an outlet pass.JPG

Myles Turner

  • March 1
    • Ye Shiwen, Chinese swimmer
    • Sage Northcutt, American mixed martial artist
  • March 4
    • Timo Baumgartl, German footballer
    • Antonio Sanabria, Paraguayan footballer
  • March 5
    • Taylor Hill, American model
    • Emmanuel Mudiay, Congolese basketball player
  • March 6
    • Timo Werner, German footballer
    • Yan Han, Chinese figure skater
  • March 8
    • Emil Imre, Hungarian short track speed skater
    • Matthew Hammelmann, Australian rules footballer
  • March 9Giorgio Minisini, Italian synchronized swimmer
  • March 15Levin Öztunali, German footballer
  • March 16Anna Ovcharova, Russian/Swiss figure skater
  • March 18Madeline Carroll, American actress
  • March 19Feodosiy Efremenkov, Russian figure skater
  • March 22Gig Morton, Canadian actor
  • March 23Lauri Kivari, Finnish freestyle skier
  • March 24
    • Valentino Lazaro, Austrian footballer
    • Myles Turner - American basketball player
  • March 26Kathryn Bernardo, Filipina actress
  • March 27Rosabell Laurenti Sellers, Italian-American actress
  • March 28Xie Siyi, Chinese diver
  • March 29Wade Baldwin IV, American basketball player

April

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Loïc Nottet

File:Abigail Breslin by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Abigail Breslin

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Allisyn Ashley Arm

  • April 2
    • Polina Agafonova, Russian figure skater
    • Matheus Santana, Brazilian swimmer
  • April 3Sarah Jeffery, American actress
  • April 4Austin Mahone, American singer
  • April 8Lorna Fitzgerald, English actress
  • April 9Giovani Lo Celso, Argentinian footballer
  • April 10
    • Audrey Whitby, American teen actress
    • Thanasi Kokkinakis, Australian tennis player
    • Loïc Nottet, Belgian singer
    • Andreas Christensen, Danish footballer
  • April 11
    • Dele Alli, English footballer
    • Jake Browning, American football player
  • April 12
    • Polina Korobeynikova, Russian figure skater
    • Elizaveta Kulichkova, Russian tennis player
  • April 14Abigail Breslin, American actress
  • April 16Anya Taylor-Joy, American actress
  • April 21Tavi Gevinson, American fashion blogger
  • April 22Wendy Sulca, Peruvian singer
  • April 23Álex Márquez, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • April 24
    • Ashleigh Barty, Australian tennis player
    • D'Onta Foreman, American football player
  • April 26Allisyn Ashley Arm, American actress
  • April 28Tony Revolori, American actor
  • April 29Gustav Engvall, Swedish footballer

May

File:Noah Munck at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst 2.jpg

Noah Munck

File:Birdy-2450.jpg

Birdy

  • May 2Julian Brandt, German footballer
  • May 3
    • Mary Cain, American middle-distance runner
    • Alex Iwobi, Nigerian footballer
    • Noah Munck, American actor
    • Arden Key, American football player
  • May 4Arielle Gold, American snowboarder
  • May 5
    • Britney Simpson, American figure skater
    • Matheus Pereira, Brazilian footballer
  • May 6Dominic Scott Kay, American actor
  • May 9
    • Noah Centineo, American actor
    • Mary Mouser, American actress
  • May 10Tyus Jones, American basketball player
  • May 11Adrián Cubas, Argentinian footballer
  • May 14
    • Martin Garrix, Dutch DJ and producer
    • McKaley Miller, American actress
  • May 15Birdy, English singer and songwriter
  • May 17Ryan Ochoa, American actor
  • May 18Violett Beane, American actress
  • May 19Lakshmi Menon, Indian film actress
  • May 18Yuki Kadono, Japanese snowboarder
  • May 23Katharina Althaus, German ski jumper
  • May 29Frank Dolce, American actor
  • May 30
    • Kendall Sheffield, American football player
    • Aleksandr Golovin, Russian footballer

June

File:Tom Holland by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Tom Holland

File:2015 UEFA Super Cup 44 (cropped 2).jpg

Alen Halilović

File:Larisa2.jpg

Larisa Iordache

  • June 1Tom Holland, British actor
  • June 3Han Tianyu, Chinese short track speed skater
  • June 4Ruby Harrold, British artistic gymnast
  • June 7Christian McCaffrey, American football player
  • June 10Julian De La Celle, American actor
  • June 11Hakeeb Adelakun, English footballer
  • June 12
    • Anna Margaret Collins, American singer, songwriter and actress
    • Davinson Sánchez, Colombian footballer
  • June 13
    • Kingsley Coman, French footballer
    • Kodi Smit-McPhee, Australian actor
  • June 15Aurora, Norwegian singer
  • June 16Lily Zhang, American table tennis player
  • June 17Godfred Donsah, Ghanese footballer
  • June 18Alen Halilović, Croatian footballer
  • June 19Larisa Iordache, Romanian artistic gymnast
  • June 20
    • Sam Bennett, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Claudia Lee, American actress
    • Michael Dal Colle, Canadian ice hockey player
  • June 22
    • Kong Sangjeong, South Korean short track speed skater
    • Mikel Merino, Spanish footballer
  • June 17Akanksha Sharma, Indian singer and performer
  • June 28
    • Donna Vekić, Croatian tennis player
    • Milot Rashica, Kosovar footballer
  • June 29Bart Ramselaar, Dutch footballer

July

File:Adelina Sotnikova Sochi Medal Ceremony 05 (cropped).jpg

Adelina Sotnikova

File:Blake Michael at the Millie Thrasher's Sweet 16 Party (cropped).jpg

Blake Michael

  • July 1Adelina Sotnikova, Russian figure skater
  • July 3Kendji Girac, French singer
  • July 5
    • Munik Nunes, Brazilian actress and reality television personality
    • Risa Shoji, Japanese figure skater
  • July 8Marlon Humphrey, American football player
  • July 11
    • Alessia Cara, Canadian singer and songwriter
    • Andrija Živković, Serbian footballer
  • July 12Moussa Dembélé, French footballer
  • July 13Jena Irene, American singer
  • July 16Nicky Jones, American voice actor
  • July 18
    • Dzhamaldin Khodzhaniyazov, Russian footballer
    • Siebe Schrijvers, Belgian footballer
    • Yung Lean, Swedish rapper and record producer
  • July 20Ben Simmons, Australian basketball player
  • July 21Joey Bragg, American actor
  • July 22
    • Skyler Gisondo, American actor
    • Jane Oineza, Filipina actress
  • July 23
    • Danielle Bradbery, American singer
    • Rachel G. Fox, American actor
  • July 27Trenton Thompson, American football player
  • July 30Jacob Lofland, American actor
  • July 31Blake Michael, American actor

August

File:Brianna Hildebrand by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Brianna Hildebrand

  • August 1Cymphonique Miller, American actress and singer
  • August 2Simone Manuel, American swimmer
  • August 3Derwin James, American football player
  • August 5
    • Francesca Deagostini, Italian artistic gymnast
    • Mai Murakami, Japanese artistic gymnast
  • August 7
    • Liam James, Canadian actor
    • Dani Ceballos, Spanish footballer
  • August 10Jacob Latimore, American singer, actor and dancer
  • August 12Torri Webster, Canadian actress
  • August 13Antonia Lottner, German tennis player
  • August 14
    • Brianna Hildebrand, American actress
    • Neal Maupay, French footballer
  • August 19Laura Tesoro, Belgian singer and actress
  • August 22Jessica-Jane Applegate, British Paralympic swimmer
  • August 24Kenzo Shirai, Japanese gymnast
  • August 27
    • Ebru Topçu, Turkish footballer
    • Wang Jianan, Chinese long jumper
  • August 30
    • Chen Dequan, Chinese short track speed skater
    • Gabriel Barbosa, Brazilian footballer

September

File:Zendaya by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Zendaya

October

File:Bella Hadid 15 Advent 2015 02.jpg

Bella Hadid

  • October 3Kelechi Iheanacho, Nigerian footballer
  • October 4Ryan Lee, American actor
  • October 8Sara Takanashi, Japanese ski jumper
  • October 9Bella Hadid, American model
  • October 10Oscar Zia, Swedish singer
  • October 12Riechedly Bazoer, Dutch footballer
  • October 15
    • Zelo, Korean singer
    • Charly Musonda, Belgian footballer
  • October 24
    • Kyla Ross, American gymnast
    • Jaylen Brown, American basketball player
  • October 27Nadiem Amiri, German footballer
  • October 28
    • Jasmine Jessica Anthony, American actress
    • Lee June-hyoung, South Korean figure skater
    • Vincent Koziello, French footballer
    • Jack Eichel, American ice hockey player
  • October 30
    • Mizuki Fukumura, Japanese singer
    • Devin Booker, American basketball player

November

File:2012 World Junior FS Michael Christian Martinez3.jpg

Michael Christian Martinez

File:Lorde Laneway 7 (cropped).jpg

Lorde

File:SDCC 2015 - Tye Sheridan (19733874116).jpg

Tye Sheridan

File:Hailey Baldwin 2014.png

Hailey Baldwin

  • November 3Aria Wallace, American actress
  • November 4
    • Adelén, Norwegian-Spanish singer
    • Kaitlin Hawayek, American ice dancer
    • Michael Christian Martinez, Filipino figure skater
  • November 7
    • Lorde, New Zealand singer-songwriter
    • André Horta, Portuguese footballer
  • November 9Nguyễn Thị Ánh Viên, Vietnamese swimmer
  • November 11
    • Gianluca Gaudino, German footballer
    • Adam Ounas, French footballer
    • Tye Sheridan, American actor
  • November 15Malik Jefferson, American football player
  • November 14Borna Ćorić, Croatian tennis player
  • November 16Brendan Murray, Irish singer
  • November 17
    • Ruth Jebet, Bahraini long-distance runner
    • Raekwon McMillan, American football player
  • November 18
    • Noah Ringer, American actor
    • Christian Kirk, American football player
  • November 19Liliána Szilágyi, Hungarian swimmer
  • November 22
    • Madison Davenport, American actress and singer
    • JuJu Smith-Schuster, American football player
  • November 23
    • Lia Marie Johnson, American actress and Internet personality
    • Anna Yanovskaya, Russian ice dancer
  • November 26Louane Emera, French singer and actress
  • November 27Hailey Baldwin, American model and socialite
  • November 29Gonçalo Guedes, Portuguese footballer

December

File:Stefanie Scott, No Strings Attached Premiere crop.jpg

Stefanie Scott

File:Hailee Steinfeld (Berlin Film Festival 2011) (cropped).jpg

Hailee Steinfeld

  • December 4
    • Daria Svatkovskaya, Russian artistic gymnast
    • Diogo Jota, Portuguese footballer
  • December 6Stefanie Scott, American actress
  • December 10Jérémy Gabriel, French Canadian singer
  • December 11
    • Jack Griffo, American actor
    • Eliza McCartney, New Zealander track and field athlete
    • Hailee Steinfeld, American actress, model and singer
  • December 12Lucas Hedges, American actor
  • December 14Li Zijun, Chinese figure skater
  • December 17Elizaveta Tuktamysheva, Russian figure skater
  • December 21
    • Kaitlyn Dever, American actress
    • Atanas Kolev, Bulgarian basketball player and rapper
  • December 28Alfred Kipketer, Kenyan middle-distance runner
  • December 29
    • Dylan Minnette, American actor
    • Mayuren Naidoo, British filmmaker

Deaths

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Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

File:Arleigh Burke 1951.jpg

Arleigh Burke

File:Reagan Mitterrand 1984 (cropped).jpg

François Mitterrand

File:Moshoeshoe II van Lesotho.jpg

King Moshoeshoe II

  • January 1
    • Malladihalli Sri Raghavendra Swamiji, Indian yogi (b. 1890)
    • Moshe Aryeh Freund, Israeli rabbi (b. 1894)
    • Arleigh Burke, American naval officer (b. 1901)
    • Arthur Rudolph, German rocket engineer (b. 1906)
  • January 2Karl Targownik, Hungarian psychiatrist and Holocaust survivor (b. 1915)
  • January 5
    • Yahya Ayyash, Palestinian shaheed (b. 1966)
    • Lincoln Kirstein, American writer and impresario (b. 1907)
    • Richard Versalle, American operatic tenor (b. 1932)
  • January 7Tarō Okamoto, Japanese artist (b. 1911)
  • January 8François Mitterrand, President of France (b. 1916)
  • January 9
    • Fearless Nadia, Indian actress and stuntwoman (b. 1908)
    • Sultan Rahi, Pakistani film actor (b. 1938)
  • January 11
    • Harold Walter Bailey, English scholar (b. 1899)
    • Eric Hebborn, British art forger (b. 1934)
  • January 15
    • Les Baxter, American musician and composer (b. 1922)
    • Moshoeshoe II, King of Lesotho (b. 1938)
  • January 17Barbara Jordan, American politician (b. 1936)
  • January 18
    • Leonor Fini, Argentine artist (b. 1908)
    • Endel Puusepp, Estonian pilot (b. 1909)
    • Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, Indian film actor (b. 1923)
    • Rudolf Wanderone, American billiards player (b. 1913)
  • January 19
    • A. G. Gaston, American businessman (b. 1892)
    • Don Simpson, American film producer (b. 1943)
  • January 20Gerry Mulligan, American musician (b. 1927)
  • January 25Jonathan Larson, American composer and playwright (b. 1960)
  • January 26Georg Alexander, Duke of Mecklenburg (b. 1921)
  • January 28
    • Joseph Brodsky, Russian-born American Nobel poet (b. 1940)
    • Jerry Siegel, American cartoonist (b. 1914)
  • January 31Gustave Solomon, American mathematician and engineer (b. 1930)

February

File:Gene Kelly - USN.jpg

Gene Kelly

File:Audrey Meadows 1959.JPG

Audrey Meadows

File:Martin-balsam-trailer.jpg

Martin Balsam

File:Governor Edmund G. "Pat" Brown.jpg

Pat Brown

File:StarASC.jpg

Audrey Munson

  • February 2
    • Fred S. Keller, American psychologist (b. 1899)
    • Gene Kelly, American actor and dancer (b. 1912)
  • February 3Audrey Meadows, American actress (b. 1926)
  • February 6Guy Madison, American actor (b. 1922)
  • February 7Boris Tchaikovsky, Russian composer (b. 1925)
  • February 9
    • Adolf Galland, German general (b. 1912)
    • Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish rabbi, businessman, lawyer and social activist (b. 1889)
  • February 11
    • Kebby Musokotwane, Prime Minister of Zambia (b. 1946)
    • Cyril Poole, English cricketer (b. 1921)
    • Phil Regan, American actor (b. 1906)
    • Amelia Rosselli, Italian poet (b. 1930)
  • February 12
    • Bob Shaw, Irish science fiction writer (b. 1931)
    • Ryōtarō Shiba, Japanese novelist (b. 1923)
  • February 13Martin Balsam, American actor (b. 1919)
  • February 14
    • Eva Hart, British Titanic survivor (b. 1905)
    • Bob Paisley, English football manager (b. 1919)
  • February 15
    • Tommy Rettig, American actor (b. 1941)
    • McLean Stevenson, American actor (b. 1929)
  • February 16
    • Roger Bowen, American actor (b. 1932)
    • Pat Brown, American politician (b. 1905)
    • Brownie McGhee, American musician (b. 1915)
  • February 17Evelyn Laye, British actress (b. 1900)
  • February 20
    • Audrey Munson, American model and actress (b. 1891)
    • Tōru Takemitsu, Japanese composer (b. 1930)
  • February 21Morton Gould, American musician and composer (b. 1913)
  • February 23Helmut Schön, German football player and manager (b. 1915)
  • February 25Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian actor (b. 1940)
  • February 26Mieczysław Weinberg, Polish composer (b. 1919)
  • February 27
    • Sarah Palfrey Cooke, American tennis player (b. 1912)
    • Pat Smythe, British showjumper and author (b. 1928)

March

File:George Burns 1961.JPG

George Burns

File:Vincent Edwards Ben Casey 1963.JPG

Vince Edwards

File:Edmund Muskie.jpg

Edmund Muskie

  • March 2Lyle Talbot, American actor (b. 1902)
  • March 3Marguerite Duras, French author and director (b. 1914)
  • March 4Minnie Pearl, American comedian (b. 1912)
  • March 5Whit Bissell, American actor (b. 1909)
  • March 9George Burns, American actor and singer (b. 1896)
  • March 10
    • Ross Hunter, American film producer (b. 1926)
    • Butch Laswell, American motorcycle stunt rider (b. 1958)
  • March 11Vince Edwards, American actor (b. 1928)
  • March 13Krzysztof Kieślowski, Polish film director (b. 1941)
  • March 14Sophie Sooäär, Estonian actress and singer (b. 1914)
  • March 15Olga Rudge, American violinist (b. 1895)
  • March 17
    • René Clément, French film director (b. 1913)
    • Elsa Respighi, Italian composer (b. 1894)
  • March 18Odysseas Elytis, Greek writer (b. 1911)
  • March 19
    • Virginia Henderson, American nurse and theorist (b. 1897)
    • Chen Jingrun, Chinese mathematician (b. 1933)
  • March 25John Snagge, British radio personality (b. 1904)
  • March 26
    • Edmund Muskie, American politician (b. 1914)
    • David Packard, American engineer (b. 1912)
  • March 28Siegfried Mynhardt, South African actor (b. 1906)
  • March 29Frank Daniel, Czech writer, director and producer (b. 1926)
  • March 31Jeffrey Lee Pierce, American musician (b. 1958)

April

File:Greer Garson in Pride and Prejudice2.jpg

Greer Garson

File:PL Travers.jpg

P. L. Travers

  • April 3
    • Herk Harvey, American film director (b. 1924)
    • Carl Stokes, American politician (b. 1927)
  • April 4Barney Ewell, American athlete (b. 1918)
  • April 6
    • John D. Bulkeley, American naval officer (b. 1911)
    • Greer Garson, British-American actress (b. 1904)
  • April 7Colleen Clifford, Australian actress (b. 1898)
  • April 8
    • Donald Adams, British actor and opera singer (b. 1928)
    • George W. Jenkins, American businessman (b. 1907)
  • April 11Jessica Dubroff, American aviation accident victim (b. 1988)
  • April 12Fred Alexander, Australian historian (b. 1899)
  • April 16Lucille Bremer, American actress and dancer (b. 1917)
  • April 18Ronald Davies, American judge (b. 1904)
  • April 20Christopher Robin Milne, English author and bookseller (b. 1920)
  • April 21Dzhokhar Dudayev, Chechen politician and President of Ichkeria (b. 1944)
  • April 22Erma Bombeck, American humorist and writer (b. 1927)
  • April 23P. L. Travers, British actress, journalist, novelist and writer (b. 1899)
  • April 25Saul Bass, American graphic designer (b. 1920)
  • April 26
    • Milt Gaston, American baseball player (b. 1896)
    • Stirling Silliphant, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1918)
  • April 28T. H. Clark, Canadian geologist (b. 1893)

May

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Timothy Leary

  • May 2Queen Mother Moore, American civil rights leader (b. 1898)
  • May 3Jack Weston, American actor (b. 1924)
  • May 11
    • Nnamdi Azikiwe, 1st President of Nigeria (b. 1904)
    • Rob Hall, New Zealand mountaineer (b. 1961)
  • May 15
    • Charles B. Fulton, American judge (b. 1910)
    • Virgil Ross, American animator (b. 1907)
  • May 17Scott Brayton, American race car driver (b. 1959)
  • May 19John Beradino, American baseball player and actor (b. 1917)
  • May 20Jon Pertwee, British actor (b. 1919)
  • May 21
    • Paul Delph, American musician and producer (b. 1957)
    • Lash LaRue, American actor (b. 1917)
  • May 22Seymour H. Knox III, American businessman (b. 1926)
  • May 24
    • Jacob Druckman, American composer (b. 1928)
    • Joseph Mitchell, American writer (b. 1908)
    • Enrique Álvarez Félix, Mexican actor (b. 1934)
  • May 25Bradley Nowell, American musician (b. 1968)
  • May 29Tamara Toumanova, Russian dancer and actress (b. 1919)
  • May 31Timothy Leary, American writer and social activist (b. 1920)

June

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Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy

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Ella Fitzgerald

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Andreas Papandreou

  • June 1Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, 6th President of India (b. 1913)
  • June 2
    • John Alton, American cinematographer (b. 1901)
    • Ray Combs, American game show host and comedian (b. 1956)
    • Leon Garfield, English author (b. 1921)
    • Pilar Lorengar, Spanish soprano (b. 1928)
  • June 3Peter Glenville, English film director (b. 1913)
  • June 5Vito Scotti, American character actor (b. 1918)
  • June 6
    • Kusuo Kitamura, Japanese Olympic swimmer (b. 1917)
    • George Davis Snell, American Nobel geneticist (b. 1903)
    • Merle Curti, American historian (b. 1897)
  • June 09Salme Reek, Estonian actress (b 1907)
  • June 10
    • Marie-Louise von Motesiczky, Austrian painter (b. 1906)
    • Jo Van Fleet, American actress (b. 1914)
  • June 11
    • Brigitte Helm, German actress (b. 1908)
  • June 15Ella Fitzgerald, American singer (b. 1917)
  • June 16Mel Allen, American sportscaster (b. 1913)
  • June 19
    • Vivian Ellis, English composer (b. 1903)
    • G. David Schine, American businessman (b. 1927)
    • Edvin Wide, Swedish middle-distance and long-distance runner (b. 1896)
    • Hillevi Rombin, Swedish actress and beauty queen (b. 1933)
  • June 23Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1919)
  • June 26Veronica Guerin, Irish journalist (b. 1958)
  • June 27Albert R. Broccoli, American film producer (b. 1909)

July

File:Claudette Colbert 1931.jpg

Claudette Colbert

  • July 1
    • William T. Cahill, American politician (b. 1912)
    • Margaux Hemingway, American fashion model and actress (b. 1954)
  • July 3Raaj Kumar, Indian film actor (b. 1926)
  • July 5Erik Wickberg, Swedish Salvation Army general (b. 1904)
  • July 9Eno Raud, Estonian writer (b. 1928)
  • July 12
    • John Chancellor, American journalist (b. 1927)
    • Jonathan Melvoin, American musician (b. 1961)
  • July 13Pandro S. Berman, American film producer (b. 1905)
  • July 14Jeff Krosnoff, American race car driver (b. 1964)
  • July 15Dana Hill, American actress (b. 1964)
  • July 16John Panozzo, American drummer (b. 1948)
  • July 17
    • Paul Touvier, French Nazi collaborator (b. 1915)
    • Victims of TWA Flight 800
      • Michel Breistroff, NHL ice hockey player (b. 1971)
      • Marcel Dadi, French guitarist (b. 1951)
      • David Hogan, American composer (b. 1949)
      • Jed Johnson, American interior designer and director (b. 1948)
  • July 20
    • Stuart Clarence Graham, Australian army general (b. 1920)
    • František Plánička, Czech footballer (b. 1904)
  • July 21Herb Edelman, American actor (b. 1933)
  • July 22Jessica Mitford, American author, journalist and political campaigner (b. 1917)
  • July 23Aliki Vougiouklaki, Greek actress (b. 1933)
  • July 25Howard Vernom, Swiss actor (b. 1914)
  • July 28Roger Tory Peterson, American naturalist and artist (b. 1908)
  • July 30
    • Claudette Colbert, American actress (b. 1903)
    • Arihiro Hase, Japanese actor and voice actor (b. 1965)

August

File:Thadeus Reichstein ETH-Bib Portr 10137.jpg

Tadeusz Reichstein

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Alejandro Agustín Lanusse

  • August 1Tadeusz Reichstein, Polish-Swiss Nobel chemist (b. 1897)
  • August 2
    • Mohamed Farrah Aidid, Somali military commander and politician (b. 1934)
    • Obdulio Varela, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1917)
  • August 8Nevill Francis Mott, English Nobel physicist (b. 1905)
  • August 11
    • Rafael Kubelík, Czech-born Swiss conductor (b. 1914)
    • Vanga, Bulgarian mystic and herbalist (b. 1911)
  • August 12Viktor Hambardzumyan, Armenian scientist (b. 1908)
  • August 13David Tudor, American pianist and composer (b. 1926)
  • August 14Camilla Horn, German actress (b. 1903)
  • August 18Geoffrey Dearmer, British poet (b. 1893)
  • August 20Rio Reiser, German musician and singer (b. 1950)
  • August 26Alejandro Agustín Lanusse, 37th President of Argentina (b. 1918)
  • August 27
    • Abram Games, British graphic designer (b. 1914)
    • Greg Morris, American actor (b. 1933)

September

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Ernesto Geisel

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Spiro Agnew

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Paul Erdős

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Dorothy Lamour

  • September 1
    • Vagn Holmboe, Danish composer (b. 1909)
    • Karl Kehrle, Benedictine monk and beekeeper (b. 1898)
  • September 7
    • Bibi Besch, American actress (b. 1940)
    • Arda Bowser, professional football player (b. 1899)
  • September 8Eyre de Lanux, American artist, writer and art deco designer (b. 1894)
  • September 9Bill Monroe, American musician (b. 1911)
  • September 10
    • Joanne Dru, American actress (b. 1922)
    • Hans List, Austrian inventor and automotive pioneer (b. 1896)
    • Juanita Wright, American professional wrestler (b. 1934)
  • September 11Deane Waldo Malott, American academic and administrator (b. 1898)
  • September 12Ernesto Geisel, Brazilian general, 29th President of Brazil (b. 1907)
  • September 13Tupac Shakur, American rapper and actor (b. 1971)
  • September 14
    • Helen Cohan, American dancer and actress (b. 1910)
    • Juliet Prowse, American dancer and actress (b. 1936)
  • September 16Gene Nelson, American dancer and actor (b. 1920)
  • September 17Spiro Agnew, American politician (b. 1918)
  • September 18Annabella, French actress (b. 1907)
  • September 20
    • Paul Erdős, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1913)
    • Max Manus, Norwegian resistance fighter (b. 1914)
  • September 21
    • Henri Nouwen, Dutch priest and author (b. 1932)
    • Sabine Zlatin, Polish-born French resistance fighter (b. 1907)
  • September 22Dorothy Lamour, American actress (b. 1914)
  • September 23Fujiko Fujio, Japanese cartoonist (b. 1933)
  • September 26
    • Nicu Ceaușescu, Romanian politician (b. 1951)
    • Geoffrey Wilkinson, English Nobel chemist (b. 1921)
  • September 27Mohammad Najibullah, President of Afghanistan (b. 1947)
  • September 29Leslie Crowther, British comedian and game show host (b. 1933)

October

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Morey Amsterdam

November

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Jean-Bédel Bokassa/Bokassa I

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Tiny Tim

December

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Marcello Mastroianni

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Carl Sagan

  • December 3Babrak Karmal, President of Afghanistan (b. 1929)
  • December 6Pete Rozelle, American football official (b. 1926)
  • December 8Howard Rollins, American actor (b. 1950)
  • December 9
    • Mary Leakey, British archaeologist (b. 1913)
    • Diana Morgan, British playwright and screenwriter (b. 1908)
    • James Basil Wilkie Roberton, New Zealand soldier, doctor, historian and writer (b. 1896)
  • December 10Faron Young, American singer (b. 1932)
  • December 11Willie Rushton, English comedian, actor and cartoonist (b. 1937)
  • December 13
    • Edward Blishen, English author (b. 1920)
    • Clarence Wijewardena, Sri Lankan musician (b. 1943)
  • December 16
    • Quentin Bell, English biographer and art historian (b. 1910)
    • Laurens van der Post, South African author (b. 1906)
  • December 17Stanko Todorov, Bulgarian communist politician (b. 1920)
  • December 18Irving Caesar, American lyricist (b. 1895)
  • December 19Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (b. 1924)
  • December 20Carl Sagan, American astronomer (b. 1934)
  • December 21Margret Rey, American author and illustrator (b. 1906)
  • December 25JonBenet Ramsey, American beauty pageant contestant (b. 1990)
  • December 29Mireille Hartuch, French singer (b. 1906)
  • December 30
    • Lew Ayres, American actor (b. 1908)
    • Jack Nance, American actor (b. 1943)

Nobel Prizes

  • PhysicsDavid M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff, Robert C. Richardson
  • ChemistryRobert Curl, Sir Harold Kroto, Richard Smalley
  • MedicinePeter C. Doherty, Rolf M. Zinkernagel
  • LiteratureWisława Szymborska
  • PeaceCarlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta
  • Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred NobelJames Mirrlees, William Vickrey

Right Livelihood Award

  • Herman Daly, The Committee of Soldiers' Mothers of Russia, Kerala Sasthra Sahithya Parishad and George Vithoulkas

References

Introductions

  1. .ad

Literature

  1. A Game of Thrones by George R. R. Martin

Television

  1. Buffy the Vampire Slayer
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