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1995 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1995
MCMXCV
Ab urbe condita2748
Armenian calendar1444
ԹՎ ՌՆԽԴ
Assyrian calendar6745
Bahá'í calendar151–152
Balinese saka calendar1916–1917
Bengali calendar1402
Berber calendar2945
British Regnal year43 Eliz. 2 – 44 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2539
Burmese calendar1357
Byzantine calendar7503–7504
Chinese calendar甲戌(Wood Dog)
4691 or 4631
    — to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
4692 or 4632
Coptic calendar1711–1712
Discordian calendar3161
Ethiopian calendar1987–1988
Hebrew calendar5755–5756
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2051–2052
 - Shaka Samvat1916–1917
 - Kali Yuga5095–5096
Holocene calendar11995
Igbo calendar995–996
Iranian calendar1373–1374
Islamic calendar1415–1416
Japanese calendarHeisei 7
(平成7年)
Javanese calendar1927–1928
Juche calendar84
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4328
Minguo calendarROC 84
民國84年
Nanakshahi calendar527
Thai solar calendar2538
Tibetan calendar阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
2121 or 1740 or 968
    — to —
阴木猪年
(female Wood-Pig)
2122 or 1741 or 969
Unix time788918400 – 820454399

1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1995th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 995th year of the , the 95th year of the , and the 6th year of the decade.

This was the year that the Internet entered public consciousness and also the year it was completely privatized and the United States Government no longer funded it with public money - in April 1995 the NSFNET was retired.[1][2] America Online and Prodigy offered access to the World Wide Web system for the first time this year, releasing browsers that made it easily accessible to the general public.[3]

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Events

January

  • January 1
    • The World Trade Organization (WTO) is established to replace the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
    • Austria, Finland and Sweden join the European Union.
    • The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of rogue waves.
  • January 67 – A chemical fire occurs in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines. Policemen led by watch commander Aida Fariscal and investigators find a bomb factory and a laptop computer and disks that contain plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack. The mastermind, Ramzi Yousef, is arrested one month later.
  • January 9Valeri Polyakov completes 366 days in space while aboard the Mir space station, breaking a duration record.
  • January 16
    • An avalanche hits the village Súðavík in Iceland, killing 14 people.
    • The fourth Star Trek TV series, Voyager, premieres on UPN in the United States.
  • January 17
    • The 6.9 Mw Great Hanshin earthquake shakes the southern Hyōgo Prefecture with a maximum Shindo of VII, leaving 5,502–6,434 people dead, and 251,301–310,000 displaced.
    • Prodigy begins offering access to the World Wide Web.[3]
  • January 24 – Opening statements in the O. J. Simpson murder case trial in Los Angeles.
  • January 25Norwegian rocket incident: A rocket launched from the space exploration centre at Andøya, Norway is briefly interpreted by the Russians as an incoming attack.
  • January 30John Howard becomes leader of the Liberal Party of Australia to challenge Paul Keating for the 1996 Federal Election and the position of Prime Minister of Australia.
  • January 31 – U.S. President Bill Clinton invokes emergency powers, to extend a $20 billion loan to help Mexico avert financial collapse.

February

  • February 1 – Lyricist/guitarist Richey Edwards of the Welsh alternative rock band Manic Street Preachers goes missing from a hotel in Bayswater, London on the eve of a planned tour of the United States. His car is found two weeks later at Severn View services in Aust.
  • February 9STS-63: Dr. Bernard A. Harris, Jr. and Michael Foale became the second African American and Briton, respectively, to walk in space.
  • February 13 – A United Nations tribunal on human rights violations in the Balkans charges 21 Bosnian Serb commanders with genocide and crimes against humanity.
  • February 15Hacker Kevin Mitnick is arrested by the FBI and charged with penetrating some of the United States' most "secure" computer systems.
  • February 17
    • Colin Ferguson is convicted of six counts of murder for the December 1993 Long Island Rail Road shooting and later receives a 25-year sentence for each of the six murders.
  • February 21
    • Serkadji prison mutiny in Algeria: Four guards and 96 prisoners are killed in a day and a half.
    • Ibrahim Ali, a 17-year-old Comorian living in France, is murdered by 3 far-right National Front activists.
    • Steve Fossett lands in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada, becoming the first person to make a solo flight across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon.
  • February 23 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average gains 30.28 to close at 4,003.33 – the Dow's first ever close above 4,000.
  • February 25Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO) (Organización del Tratado de Cooperación Amazónica [OTCA]).
  • February 26 – The United Kingdom's oldest investment banking firm, Barings Bank, collapses after securities broker Nick Leeson loses $1.4 billion by speculating on the Tokyo Stock Exchange
  • February 27 – In Denver, Colorado, Stapleton Airport closes and is replaced by the new Denver International Airport, the largest in the United States.
  • February 28 – Members of the group Patriot's Council are convicted in Minnesota of manufacturing ricin.

March

  • March 1
    • Julio María Sanguinetti is sworn in as President of Uruguay for his second term.
    • Polish Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak resigns from Parliament and is replaced by ex-communist Józef Oleksy.
    • In Moscow, Russian anti-corruption journalist Vladislav Listyev is killed by a gunman.
    • The first Yahoo! Search interface is founded.
  • March 2Nick Leeson is arrested in Singapore for his role in the collapse of Barings Bank.
  • March 3 – In Somalia, the United Nations peacekeeping mission ends.
  • March 6 – On an episode of The Jenny Jones Show ("Same-Sex Crushes") in the United States, Scott Amedure reveals a crush on his heterosexual friend Jonathan Schmitz. Schmitz kills Amedure several days after the show.
  • March 12 – The Gazi Quarter riots occur in Sultangazi (then Gaziosmanpaşa), Istanbul, Turkey. A few days later, riots break out in Ümraniye, Istanbul and Kızılay, Ankara also.
  • March 13 – David Daliberti and William Barloon, Americans working for a military contractor in Kuwait, are arrested after straying into Iraq.
  • March 14 – Astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American to ride into space aboard a Russian launch vehicle (the Soyuz TM-21), lifting off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
  • March 16Mississippi ratifies the Thirteenth Amendment, becoming the last state to approve the abolition of slavery. The amendment was nationally ratified in 1865.
  • March 20Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway: Members of the Aum Shinrikyo religious cult release sarin gas on 5 subway trains in Tokyo, killing 13 and injuring 5,510.
  • March 22 – Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov returns after setting a record for 438 days in outer space.
  • March 24 – For the first time in 26 years, no British soldiers patrol the streets of Belfast, Northern Ireland.
  • March 26 – The Schengen Agreement, easing cross-border travel, goes into effect in several European countries.
  • March 30 – A police officer tries to assassinate Takaji Kunimatsu, chief of the National Police Agency of Japan.
  • March 31
    • Murder of Selena: Mexican American Tejano pop singer Selena is shot and killed at a Days Inn motel in Corpus Christi, Texas by her former employee, Yolanda Saldívar.
    • TAROM Flight 371 from Bucharest to Brussels crashes shortly after take off killing all 60 people on board.

April

File:Oklahomacitybombing-DF-ST-98-01356.jpg

April 19: A car bomb explodes outside a Federal building in Oklahoma City, killing 168

  • April 1Dialog Telekom launches Sri Lanka's first GSM mobile phone network.
  • April 2 – An explosion in Gaza kills 8, including a Hamas leader.
  • April 5 – The U.S. House of Representatives votes 246–188 to cut taxes for individuals and corporations.
  • April 7
    • First Chechen WarSamashki massacre: Russian paramilitary troops begin a massacre of at least 250 civilians in Samashki, Chechnya.
    • In the United States, House Republicans celebrate passage of most of the Contract with America.
  • April 19Oklahoma City bombing: 168 people, including 8 Federal Marshals and 19 children, are killed at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building and 680 wounded by a bomb set off by Timothy McVeigh and one of his accomplices, Terry Nichols.
  • April 24 – A Unabomber bomb kills lobbyist Gilbert Murray in Sacramento, California.
  • April 28 – In Daegu, South Korea, a gas explosion at a subway construction site kills 101 people, mostly teenage schoolboys.
  • April 30 – The United States government stops funding the NSFNET, making the Internet a wholly privatised system.[4]

May

  • May 1
    • Jacques Chirac is elected president of France.
    • Croatian forces launch Operation Flash against rebel Serb forces in western Slavonia.
    • Oriental Pearl Tower, a landmark spot in Shanghai, China, formally open.Template:Fix
  • May 7 – Finland wins the ice hockey world championship.
  • May 10 – At Vaal Reefs gold mine in Orkney, a runaway locomotive falls into a lift shaft onto an ascending cage and causes it to plunge 1,500 feet (460 m) to the bottom of the 6,900 feet (2,100 m) deep shaft, killing 104.[5][6]
  • May 11 – More than 170 countries agree to extend the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty indefinitely and without conditions.
  • May 13 – An earthquake hits the regions of Kozani and Grevena in Greece, with an intensity of 6.6 on the Richter scale.
  • May 14
    • The Dalai Lama proclaims 6-year-old Gedhun Choekyi Nyima as the 11th reincarnation of the Panchen Lama.
    • Team New Zealand wins the America's Cup in San Diego, beating Stars and Stripes 5–0.
  • May 16 – Japanese police besiege the headquarters of Aum Shinrikyo near Mount Fuji and arrest cult leader Shoko Asahara.
  • May 17Shawn Nelson, 35, goes on a tank rampage in San Diego.
  • May 20 – U.S. President Bill Clinton indefinitely closes part of the street in front of the White House, Pennsylvania Avenue, to vehicular traffic in response to the Oklahoma City bombing.
  • May 21Pope John Paul II canonizes John Sarkander during his visit to Olomouc, the Czech Republic.
  • May 24AFC Ajax wins the UEFA Champions League in the Ernst Happel Stadium in Vienna by defeating AC Milan 0–1 by a goal of Patrick Kluivert. This was the third consecutive win of AFC Ajax over AC Milan that season, ranking AFC Ajax on the 4th place on the list of European Cup and UEFA Champions League winners.
  • May 27
    • The 7.0 Mw Neftegorsk earthquake shakes northern Sakhalin Island in Russia with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), leaving 1,989 people dead and 750 injured.
    • In Culpeper, Virginia, actor Christopher Reeve is paralyzed from the neck down after falling from his horse in a riding competition.

June

  • June 1 – The busiest hurricane season in 62 years begins.
  • June 2
    • Mrkonjić Grad incident: A United States Air Force F-16 piloted by Captain Scott O'Grady is shot down over Bosnia and Herzegovina while patrolling the NATO no-fly zone. O'Grady is rescued by U.S. Marines six days later.
    • Waffen-SS Hauptsturmführer Erich Priebke is extradited from Argentina to Italy.
    • The Dimmitt, Texas Tornado strikes.
  • June 3Montreal Expos pitcher Pedro Martínez becomes the second Major League Baseball pitcher to pitch a "perfect game" leading into the 10th inning.
  • June 6
    • U.S. astronaut Norman Thagard breaks NASA's space endurance record of 14 days, 1 hour and 16 minutes, aboard the Russian space station Mir.
    • The Constitutional Court of South Africa abolishes capital punishment in South Africa in the case of S v Makwanyane and Another.
  • June 13 – French President Jacques Chirac announces the resumption of nuclear tests in French Polynesia.
  • June 15 – A powerful earthquake, registering a moment magnitude of 6.2, hits the city of Aigio, Greece, resulting in several deaths and significant damage to many buildings.
  • June 16 – The IOC selects Salt Lake City to host the 2002 Winter Olympics.
  • June 20 – Oil multinational Royal Dutch Shell caves in to international pressure and abandons plans to dump the Brent Spar oil rig at sea.
  • June 22 – Japanese police rescue 365 hostages from a hijacked All Nippon Airways Flight 857 (Boeing 747-200) at Hakodate airport. The hijacker was armed with a knife and demanded the release of Shoko Asahara.
  • June 24
    • The New Jersey Devils sweep the heavily favored Detroit Red Wings to win their first Stanley Cup in the lock-out shortened season.
    • South Africa wins the Rugby World Cup.
  • June 27Jodi Huisentruit, an Iowa television anchor, is reported missing after failing to show up for work. She is declared legally dead in 2001.
  • June 29
    • Lisa Clayton completes her 10-month solo circumnavigation from the Northern Hemisphere.
    • STS-71: Space Shuttle Atlantis docks with the Russian Mir space station for the first time.
    • The Sampoong Department Store collapses in the Seocho-gu district of Seoul, South Korea, killing 501 and injuring 937.
    • Iraq disarmament crisis: According to UNSCOM, the unity of the U.N. Security Council begins to fray, as a few countries, particularly France and Russia, become more interested in making financial deals with Iraq than in disarming the country.

July

File:Srebrenica Massacre - Exhumed Grave of Victims - Potocari 2007.jpg

Exhumed grave of victims of the July Srebrenica massacre.

  • July – Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq threatens to end all cooperation with UNSCOM and IAEA, if sanctions against the country are not lifted by August 31. Following the defection of his son-in-law, Hussein Kamel al-Majid, Saddam Hussein makes new revelations about the full extent of Iraq's biological and nuclear weapons programs. Iraq also withdraws its last U.N. declaration of prohibited biological weapons and turns over a large amount of new documents on its WMD programs.
  • July 1 – Iraq disarmament crisis: In response to UNSCOM's evidence, Iraq admits for first time the existence of an offensive biological weapons program, but denies weaponization.
  • July 4Prime Minister of the United Kingdom John Major wins his battle to remain leader of the Conservative Party.
  • July 9Sri Lankan Civil War: 125 civilians are killed in Navaly as result of bombing by the Sri Lanka Air Force.
  • July 10 – Burmese dissident Aung San Suu Kyi is freed from house arrest.
  • July 11
    • Srebrenica massacre: Units of the Army of Republika Srpska, under the command of General Ratko Mladić, enter Srebrenica with little resistance from Dutch peacekeepers of the United Nations Protection Force, going on to kill thousands of Bosniak men and boys and rape many women.
    • President Clinton announces the restoration of United States–Vietnam relations twenty years after the Vietnam War.
    • A Cubana de Aviación Antonov An-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba killing 44 people.
File:Taiwan Strait.png

The Taiwan Strait

  • July 17 – The Nasdaq Composite index closes above the 1,000 mark for the first time.
  • July 18 – A series of huge eruptions by the Soufrière Hills volcano sends lava flows and ash falls across a wide area of southern Montserrat.
  • July 21July 26Third Taiwan Strait Crisis: The Chinese People's Liberation Army fires missiles into the waters north of Taiwan.
  • July 23 – David Daliberti and William Barloon, 2 Americans held as spies by Iraq, are released by Saddam Hussein after negotiations with U.S. Congressman Bill Richardson.

August

  • August 2 – The first cold front of the White Earthquake strikes Chile; during the rest of August several communities becomes isolated due to heavy snowfall and livestock is decimated.
  • August 3 – An Il-76TD piloted by a Russian crew is forced down by Taliban fighter planes. The crew escape with the aircraft on August 16, 1996.
  • August 4Croatian forces, with the cooperation of the ARBiH, launch Operation Storm against rebel Republic of Serbian Krajina forces, which subsequently ceases to exist as a political entity.
  • August 5 – Croatian forces liberate, Knin, and continue their advance into the Republic of Serbian Krajina.
  • August 6 – Hundreds in Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Washington, D.C., and Tokyo mark the 50th anniversary of the dropping of the atomic bomb.
  • August 7 – Operation Storm ends with a UN-brokered ceasefire; remaining Republic of Serbian Krajina forces start surrendering.
  • August 11 – The Russell Hill subway accident results in 3 deaths and 30 injuries in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
  • August 14 – An avalanche buries Alison Hargreaves, the first woman to climb Mt. Everest without oxygen; she is reported dead.
  • August 16Bermudans reject independence in a referendum.
  • August 24Microsoft releases Windows 95.
  • August 28 – A Bosnian Serb mortar bomb near a Sarajevo market square kills 37 civilians.
  • August 29Eduard Shevardnadze, the Georgian head of state, survives an assassination attempt in Tbilisi.
  • August 30 – The NATO bombing campaign against Bosnian Serb artillery positions begins in Bosnia and Herzegovina, continuing into September. At the same time, ARBiH forces begin an offensive against the Bosnian Serb Army around Sarajevo, central Bosnia, and Bosnian Krajina.

September

  • September
    • The DVD, an optical disc computer storage media format, is announced.
    • The European Parliament elects the first European Ombudsman, Jacob Söderman, who takes up office in September 1995.
  • September 3eBay is founded.
  • September 415 The Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing with over 4,750 delegates from 181 countries in attendance.
  • September 6NATO air strikes against Bosnian Serb forces continue, after repeated attempts at a solution to the Bosnian War fail.
  • September 19The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber's manifesto.
  • September 22 – American millionaire Steve Forbes announces his candidacy for the 1996 Republican presidential nomination.
  • September 23Argentine national Guillermo "Bill" Gaede is arrested in Phoenix, Arizona on charges of industrial espionage. His sales to Cuba, China, North Korea and Iran are believed to have involved Intel and AMD trade secrets worth US$10–20 million.
  • September 26 – The trial against former Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti, who is accused of Mafia connections, begins.
  • September 27September 28Bob Denard's mercenaries capture President Said Mohammed Djohor of the Comoros; the local army does not resist.
  • September 28Croatian forces massacre 9 elderly Croatian Serbs in the village of Varivode, Croatia

October

  • October 3O. J. Simpson is found not guilty of double murder for the deaths of former wife Nicole Simpson and Ronald Goldman.
  • October 4
    • France launches a counter-coup in the Comoros with 600 soldiers. They arrest Bob Denard and his mercenaries and take Denard to France; Caabi el-Yachroutu becomes the interim president.
    • Hurricane Opal makes landfall at Pensacola Beach, Florida as a Category 3 hurricane with 115 mph (185 km/h) winds.
  • October 5Tansu Çiller of DYP forms the new government of Turkey (51st government, a minority government which failed to receive the vote of confidence).
  • October 6Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz announce the discovery of 51 Pegasi b, the first confirmed extrasolar planet orbiting an ordinary main-sequence star.
  • October 91995 Palo Verde derailment: An Amtrak Sunset Limited train is derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona.
  • October 15 – The Carolina Panthers win their first-ever regular season game by defeating the New York Jets at Clemson Memorial Stadium in South Carolina.
  • October 16 – The Million Man March is held in Washington, D.C. The event was conceived by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.
  • October 17 – French woman Jeanne Calment reaches the confirmed age of 120 years and 238 days, making her the oldest person ever recorded.
  • October 23 – In Houston, Texas, Yolanda Saldívar is convicted of first degree murder in the shooting death of Selena Quintanilla Perez, and 3 days later is sentenced to life in prison.
  • October 24 – A total solar eclipse is visible from Iran, India, Thailand, and Southeast Asia.[7]
  • October 25 – A Metra commuter train slams into a school bus in Fox River Grove, Illinois, killing seven students.
  • October 26 – An avalanche hits the village Flateyri in Iceland, killing 20 people.
  • October 28 – A fire in Baku Metro, Azerbaijan, kills 289 passengers (the world's worst subway disaster).
  • October 30
    • Quebec independentists narrowly lose a referendum for a mandate to negotiate independence from Canada.
    • Tansu Çiller of DYP forms the new government of Turkey.

November

  • November – The Indian government officially renames the city of Bombay, restoring the name Mumbai.
  • November 1
    • NASA loses contact with the Pioneer 11 probe.
    • Participants in the Yugoslav Wars begin negotiations at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio.
    • The U.S. House of Representatives votes to ban partial birth abortions by a vote of 288–139.
  • November 2 – The Supreme Court of Argentina orders the extradition of Erich Priebke, ex-S.S. captain.
  • November 3 – At Arlington National Cemetery, U.S. President Bill Clinton dedicates a memorial to the victims of the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing.
  • November 4 – Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated at a peace rally in Tel Aviv.
  • November 7Typhoon Angela leaves the Philippines and Vietnam devastated, with 882 deaths and damage of P 10,829,000,000. The typhoon was the strongest ever to strike the Philippines in 25 years, with wind speeds of 130 mph (210 km/h) and gusts of 180 mph (290 km/h).
  • November 10
    • Iraq disarmament crisis: With help from Israel and Jordan, UNSCOM inspector Scott Ritter intercepts 240 Russian gyroscopes and accelerometers on their way to Iraq from Russia.
    • In Nigeria, playwright and environmental activist Ken Saro-Wiwa, along with 8 others from the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People, are hanged by government forces.
  • November 12 – The Millbrook Commonwealth Action Programme, a programme to implement the Harare Declaration, is announced by the Commonwealth Heads of Government.
  • November 14 – A budget standoff between Democrats and Republicans in the Congress of the United States, forces the federal government to temporarily close national parks and museums, and run most government offices with skeleton staff.
  • November 16 – A United Nations tribunal charges Radovan Karadžić and Ratko Mladić with genocide during the Bosnian War.
  • November 21
    • The Dow Jones Industrial Average gains 40.46 to close at 5,023.55, its first close above 5,000. This makes 1995 the first year where the Dow surpasses two millennium marks in a single year.
    • The Dayton Agreement to end the Bosnian War is reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio (signed December 14).
  • November 22
    • Rosemary West is sentenced to life for killing 10 women and girls, including her daughter and stepdaughter, after the jury returns a guilty verdict at Winchester Crown Court. The trial judge recommends that she should never be released from prison, making her only the second woman in British legal history to be subjected to a whole life tariff (the other was Myra Hindley).
    • Six-year-old Elisa Izquierdo's child abuse-related death at the hands of her mother makes headlines, and instigates major reform in New York City's child welfare system.
    • The 7.3 Mw Gulf of Aqaba earthquake shakes the Sinai Peninsula and Saudi Arabia region with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing eight and injuring 30, and generating a non-destructive tsunami.
    • The first-ever full length computer animated feature film, Toy Story, is released by Pixar Animation Studios and Walt Disney Pictures.
  • November 28
    • The Barcelona Treaty is signed by 27 attending nations.
    • U.S. President Bill Clinton signs the National Highway System Designation Act of 1995, which ends the federal 55 mph (89 km/h) speed limit.
  • November 30Javier Solana becomes the new NATO General Secretary; Operation Desert Storm officially ends.

December

  • December 3Strikes paralyze France's public sector.
  • December 7 – NASA's Galileo Probe enters Jupiter's atmosphere.
  • December 8
    • Jean-Dominique Bauby, editor-in-chief of Elle magazine, suffers a massive stroke and lapses into a coma.
    • 6-year-old Gyaincain Norbu is enthroned as the 11th reincarnation of the Panchen Lama at Tashilhunpo Monastery.
  • December 14 – The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris.
  • December 15
    • The European Court of Justice rules that all EU football players have the right to a free transfer among member states at the end of their contracts.
    • Because of the "quadruple-witching" option expiration, volume on the New York Stock Exchange hits 638 million shares, the highest single-day volume since October 20, 1987, when the Dow staged a stunning recovery a day after Black Monday.
  • December 16 – Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraqi scuba divers, under the direction of the United Nations Special Commission, dredge the Tigris near Baghdad. The divers find over 200 prohibited Russian-made missile instruments and components.
  • December 20
    • American Airlines Flight 965 (Boeing 757) crashes into a mountain near Buga, Valle del Cauca, Colombia after veering off its course en route to Cali, Colombia. Of the 164 people on board, 4 passengers are the only survivors.
    • HM The Queen advises "an early divorce" to Lady Diana Spencer and Charles, Prince of Wales. The divorce is finalized on 28 August 1996.
  • December 30
    • The lowest ever United Kingdom temperature of −27.2 °C (−17.0 °F) is recorded at Altnaharra in the Scottish Highlands. This equals the record set at Braemar, Aberdeenshire in 1895 and 1982.
    • The Republic of Texas group claims to have formed a provisional government in Texas.
  • December 31 – The final original Calvin and Hobbes comic strip is published.

Date unknown

  • Sudden oak death, the tree disease caused by the plant pathogen Phytophthora ramorum, is first observed, in California.

World population

World population
1995 1990 2000
50px  World 5,674,380,000 5,263,593,000 10px 410,787,000 6,070,581,000 10px 396,201,000
50px  Africa 707,462,000 622,443,000 10px 85,019,000 795,671,000 10px 88,209,000
50px  Asia 3,430,052,000 3,167,807,000 10px 262,245,000 3,679,737,000 10px 249,685,000
50px  Europe 725,405,000 721,582,000 10px 5,823,000 730,986,000 10px 5,581,000
50px  Latin America
& Caribbean
481,099,000 441,525,000 10px 39,574,000 520,229,000 10px 39,130,000
50px   Northern
America
299,438,000 283,549,000 10px 15,889,000 315,915,000 10px 16,477,000
50px  Oceania 28,924,000 26,687,000 10px 2,237,000 31,043,000 10px 2,119,000

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

File:Ros-Ufa (4).jpg

Sardar Azmoun

File:20150518 ESC 2015 Nina Sublatti 1991.jpg

Nina Sublatti

File:Victoria Komova.jpg

Viktoria Komova

  • January 1Sardar Azmoun, Iranian footballer
  • January 3
    • Muhammed Demirci, Turkish footballer
    • Victoria Duffield, Canadian pop singer
    • Kim Seolhyun, South Korean singer
  • January 4
    • Maddie Hasson, American actress
    • María Isabel, Spanish singer
  • January 9Nicola Peltz, American actress
  • January 12Alessio Romagnoli, Italian footballer
  • January 17Ann Li, Taiwanese-Filipino blogger and television personality
  • January 18Leonard Fournette, American football player
  • January 20
    • Joey Badass, American rapper
    • Calum Chambers, English footballer
    • José Giménez, Uruguayan footballer
  • January 24
    • Callan McAuliffe, Australian actor
    • Dylan Everett, Canadian actor
  • January 26Kyle Chavarria, American actress
  • January 30
    • Danielle Campbell, American actress
    • Viktoria Komova, Russian artistic gymnast
    • Thia Megia, American singer
  • January 31Nina Sublatti, Georgian singer and model

February

File:Adnan Januzaj (cropped).JPG

Adnan Januzaj

  • February 5
    • Rouguy Diallo, French triple jumper
    • Adnan Januzaj, Belgian footballer
  • February 6
    • Moon Jong-up, South Korean singer and dancer
    • Justs Sirmais, Latvian singer
    • Nyck de Vries, Dutch kart racer
  • February 8
    • Joshua Kimmich, German footballer
    • Jordan Todosey, Canadian actress
  • February 13
    • Marsel Efroimski, Israeli chess player
    • Ayame Koike, Japanese actress
  • February 14Diego Fagúndez, American footballer
  • February 23Andrew Wiggins, Canadian basketball player
  • February 26Liam Fairhurst, British charity fundraiser (d. 2009)
  • February 28Madisen Beaty, American actress

March

File:Cierra Ramirez 7th Annual Television Academy Honors (cropped).jpg

Cierra Ramirez

  • March 2Mats Møller Dæhli, Norwegian footballer
  • March 3Maine Mendoza, Filipino actress and comedian
  • March 7Hailey Clauson, American model
  • March 8Luca Brecel, Belgian snooker player
  • March 9Cierra Ramirez, American actress and singer
  • March 10Zach LaVine, American basketball player
  • March 12Kanon Fukuda, Japanese pop singer and voice actress
  • March 13Mikaela Shiffrin, American skier
  • March 15Jabari Parker, American basketball player
  • March 16Shy Carlos, Filipino actress
  • March 19
    • Philip Daniel Bolden, American actor
    • Héctor Bellerín, Spanish footballer
  • March 21Diggy Simmons, American rapper
  • March 22Nick Robinson, American actor
  • March 27Taylor Atelian, American actress
  • March 28
    • Jonathan Drouin, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Aleksi Mustonen, Finnish ice hockey player
    • Daniela Schippers, Guatemalan tennis player

April

File:Gigi Hadid 2016.jpg

Gigi Hadid

  • April 3Adrien Rabiot, French footballer
  • April 14Yukiko Fujisawa, Japanese figure skater
  • April 15Kiri Baga, American figure skater
  • April 17Kirk Knight, American rapper and record producer
  • April 18Divock Origi, Belgian footballer
  • April 23Gigi Hadid, American model
  • April 24
    • Axel Chapelle, French pole vaulter
    • Kehlani, American singer-songwriter
  • April 26Daniel Padilla, Filipino actor
  • April 28Yulia Gurska, Ukrainian singer-songwriter

May

File:Missy Franklin.JPG

Missy Franklin

  • May 1Radhika Madan, Indian actress and dancer
  • May 2Skye Bennett, English actress
  • May 3Celeste Buckingham, Slovak singer-songwriter
  • May 4Martin Santiago Augusto Castillo, Argentine boxer
  • May 5Devon Gearhart, American actor
  • May 10Missy Franklin, American swimmer
  • May 12
    • Luke Benward, American actor and singer
    • Kenton Duty, American actor
    • Sawyer Sweeten, American actor (d. 2015)
  • May 14Kelly Gale, Swedish model
  • May 15Ksenia Sitnik, Belarusian singer
  • May 23Jillian Janson, American pornographic actress and model
  • May 25Greg Grossman, American chef
  • May 28Jacob Kogan, American actor

June

File:Troye Sivan July 2015.jpg

Troye Sivan

  • June 2Sterling Beaumon, American actor
  • June 3Vernon Hargreaves, American football player
  • June 4Jerome Ponce, Filipino actor
  • June 5
    • Beckii Cruel, British pop dancer
    • Trentavis Friday, American sprinter
    • Troye Sivan, Australian actor
  • June 8
    • Bessie Cursons, English actress
    • Akari Saho, Japanese musician
  • June 9
    • Alina Grosu, Ukrainian singer
    • Belle Knox, American former pornographic actress
  • June 14Laquon Treadwell, American football player
  • June 22Wilhem Belocian, French sprinter
  • June 23Eva Lazzaro, Australian actress
  • June 27Eirik Gjen, Norwegian artist
  • June 28Kåre Hedebrant, Swedish actor

July

File:Jordyn Wieber Detroit.jpg

Jordyn Wieber

File:2015 European Artistic Gymnastics Championships - Vault - Maria Paseka 01.jpg

Maria Paseka

  • July 2Zaid Ali, Pakistani-Canadian YouTuber
  • July 7
  • July 9Georgie Henley, English actress
  • July 10
    • Trayvon Bromell, American sprinter
    • Edymar Martínez, Venezuelan model
  • July 12
    • Luke Shaw, English footballer
    • Jordyn Wieber, American gymnast
  • July 14Serge Gnabry, German footballer
  • July 15Elyar Fox, British singer
  • July 19
    • María José Alvarado, Honduran model (d. 2014)
    • Maria Paseka, Russian artistic gymnast
  • July 22
    • Armaan Malik, Indian Bollywood playback singer
    • Ezekiel Elliott, American football player
  • July 26Holly Bodimeade, British actress
  • July 29Kiray, Filipina actress

August

File:Bruna Marquezine.jpg

Bruna Marquezine

  • August 1Derrick Monasterio, Filipino actor, dancer and singer
  • August 4
    • Bruna Marquezine, Brazilian actress
    • Jessica Sanchez, American singer
  • August 15Chief Keef, American rapper
  • August 20Liana Liberato, American actress
  • August 22Dua Lipa, English singer
  • August 23Tommy Batchelor, American dancer

September

File:Caroline Sunshine 2012.jpg

Caroline Sunshine

October

File:Claudio Encarnacion Montero 2016.jpg

Claudio Encarnacion Montero

  • October 8
    • Courtney Taylor Burness, American actress
    • G Herbo, American rapper
  • October 12Claudio Encarnacion Montero, English actor
  • October 15Billy Unger, American actor and martial artist
  • October 20Wang Zhenwei, Chinese actor and martial artist
  • October 21Antoinette Guedia Mouafo, Cameroonian swimmer
  • October 23Ireland Baldwin, American model
  • October 25Conchita Campbell, Canadian actress

November

File:Kendall Jenner Cannes 2014 (cropped).jpg

Kendall Jenner

  • November 1
    • Nick D'Aloisio, British computer programmer
    • Nour El Sherbini, Egyptian squash player
  • November 3Kendall Jenner, American socialite
  • November 7Michael Dameski, Australian dancer and actor
  • November 13Oliver Stummvoll, Austrian model
  • November 15Karl-Anthony Towns, Dominican-American basketball player
  • November 16
    • Noah Gray-Cabey, American actor and pianist
    • Changjo, South Korean dancer, singer and actor
  • November 19
    • Abella Danger, American pornographic actress
    • Asuka Teramoto, Japanese artistic gymnast
  • November 27Noel van Klaveren, Dutch artistic gymnast
  • November 29Laura Marano, American actress and singer

December

File:Ross Lynch Paparazzo Photography.jpg

Ross Lynch

File:GabbyDouglasAtMetsGame.jpg

Gabby Douglas

Deaths

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

File:Wigner.jpg

Eugene Wigner

File:Siabar 003.jpg

Siad Barre

File:A. Butenandt 1921.jpg

Adolf Butenandt

  • January 1
    • Fred West, English serial killer (b. 1941)
    • Eugene Wigner, Hungarian physicist (b. 1902)
  • January 2
    • Siad Barre, Military dictator of Somalia (b. 1919)
    • Nancy Kelly, American actress (b. 1921)
    • Ephraim Amu, Ghanaian composer, musicologist and teacher (b. 1899)
  • January 4Sol Tax, American anthropologist (b. 1907)
  • January 7
    • Murray Rothbard, American economist (b. 1926)
    • Larry Grayson, British comedian and game show host (b. 1923)
  • January 9Peter Cook, English comedian and writer (b. 1937)
  • January 11Onat Kutlar, Turkish writer and poet (b. 1936)
  • January 15Frederick J. Schlink, American activist (b. 1891)
  • January 18
    • Adolf Butenandt, German chemist, (b. 1903)
    • Ron Luciano, American baseball umpire (b. 1937)
  • January 22
    • Jerry Blackwell, American professional wrestler (b. 1949)
    • Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, American philanthropist (b. 1890)
  • January 24David Cole, American record producer and songwriter (b. 1962)
  • January 26Geoffrey Parsons, Australian pianist (b. 1929)
  • January 29Song Sung-il, South Korean wrestler (b. 1969)
  • January 30Gerald Durrell, British naturalist, author, and television presenter (b. 1925)
  • January 31George Abbott, American writer, director, and producer (b. 1887)

February

File:Donald Pleasence in Eye of the Devil trailer 1.jpg

Donald Pleasence

File:David Wayne in Adams Rib trailer.jpg

David Wayne

March

File:Eazy-E.jpg

Eazy-E

  • March 1Vladislav Listyev, Russian journalist (b. 1956)
  • March 2Sasha Krasny, Russian poet and songwriter (b. 1882)
  • March 3Howard W. Hunter, American Mormon leader (b. 1907)
  • March 5Vivian Stanshall, English comedian, writer, artist, broadcaster, and musician (b. 1943)
  • March 7Georges J. F. Köhler, German biologist (b. 1946)
  • March 8Ingo Schwichtenberg, German drummer (b. 1965)
  • March 9Edward Bernays, Austrian-American propagandist (b. 1891)
  • March 11
    • Alf Goullet, Australian cyclist (b. 1891)
    • Isabel Letham, Australian surfboard rider (b. 1899)
  • March 12Juanin Clay, American actress (b. 1949)
  • March 13
    • Leon Day, American baseball player (b. 1916)
    • Odette Hallowes, French intelligence officer (b. 1912)
  • March 14William Alfred Fowler, American physicist (b. 1911)
  • March 16Albert Hackett, American dramatist and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • March 17
    • Rick Aviles, American actor (b. 1952)
    • Ronald Kray, British organised crime leader (b. 1933)
  • March 18Robin Jacques, English illustrator (b. 1920)
  • March 19
    • Nike Ardilla, Indonesian singer (b. 1975)
    • Yasuo Yamada, Japanese voice actor (b. 1932)
  • March 20
    • Sidney Kingsley, American dramatist (b. 1906)
    • John William Minton, American professional wrestler (b. 1948)
  • March 22Peter Woods, British journalist, reporter and newsreader (b. 1930)
  • March 23Davie Cooper, Scottish footballer (b. 1956)
  • March 26Eazy-E, American rapper and record producer (b. 1964)
  • March 27Maurizio Gucci, Italian businessman (b. 1948)
  • March 28
    • Hugh O'Connor, American actor (b. 1962)
    • Hanns-Joachim Friedrichs, German journalist (b. 1927)
  • March 29
    • Charles Fern, American aviator and newspaper pioneer (b. 1892)
    • Tony Lock, English cricketer (b. 1929)
    • Jimmy McShane, Northern Irish dancer (b. 1957)
  • March 31Selena, Mexican American singer (b. 1971)

April

File:Lang Jingshan 2.jpg

Lang Jingshan

File:Arturo Frondizi 2.jpg

Arturo Frondizi

File:Ginger Rogers picture.jpg

Ginger Rogers

  • April 2
    • Hannes Alfvén, Swedish chemist (b.1908)
    • Harvey Penick, American golfer (b. 1904)
  • April 3Lang Jingshan, Chinese photographer (b. 1892)
  • April 4
    • Kenny Everett, British comedian (b. 1944)
    • Priscilla Lane, American actress (b. 1915)
    • Wang Baosen, Chinese politician (b. 1935)
  • April 10
    • Morarji Desai, Indian politician (b. 1896)
    • Glyn Jones, Welsh writer (b. 1905)
  • April 14Burl Ives, American singer and actor (b. 1909)
  • April 15
    • Jock Robson, Scottish football goalkeeper (b. 1899)
    • Harry Shoulberg, American painter and serigrapher (b. 1903)
  • April 16
    • Cy Endfield, American screenwriter (b. 1914)
    • Arthur English, British actor and comedian (b. 1919)
  • April 18Arturo Frondizi, 32nd President of Argentina (b. 1908)
  • April 20Milovan Đilas, Yugoslav politician and philosopher (b. 1911)
  • April 23Howard Cosell, American sportscaster (b. 1918)
  • April 24
    • Lodewijk Bruckman, Dutch painter (b. 1903)
    • Art Fleming, American actor and game show host (b. 1924)
  • April 25
    • Andrea Fortunato, Italian football player (b. 1971)
    • Alexander Knox, Canadian actor (b. 1907)
    • Ginger Rogers, American actress and dancer (b. 1911)
    • Lev Shankovsky, Ukrainian military historian (b. 1903)

May

File:Elizabeth Montgomery colour photograph.jpg

Elizabeth Montgomery

File:Harold Wilson Number 10 official.jpg

Harold Wilson

  • May 1Antonio Salemme, Italian-born American artist (b. 1895)
  • May 2
    • Michael Hordern, English actor (b. 1911)
    • Werner Veigel, German journalist and news presenter (b. 1928)
  • May 5
    • Ye Qianyu, Chinese painter and manhua artist (b. 1907)
    • Mikhail Botvinnik, Russian chess player (b. 1911)
    • Al Sanders, American news anchorman (b. 1941)
    • Anthony Wagner, British herald, Clarenceux King of Arms (b. 1908)
  • May 6Noel Brotherston, Irish footballer (b. 1956)
  • May 8Teresa Teng, Taiwanese singer (b. 1953)
  • May 9Marguerite Jones, Canadian baseball player (b. 1917)
  • May 12
    • Arnold Goodman, Baron Goodman, British political adviser (b. 1915)
    • Arthur Lubin, American film director (b. 1898)
  • May 14Christian B. Anfinsen, American chemist, (b. 1916)
  • May 15
    • Ben Bubar, American activist (b. 1917)
    • Eric Porter, English actor (b. 1928)
    • Woldeab Woldemariam, Eritrean politician (b. 1905)
  • May 18
  • May 24
    • Dan Fortmann, American football player (b. 1916)
    • Harold Wilson, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1916)
  • May 25Jack Allen, English actor (b. 1907)
  • May 26Friz Freleng, American animator (b. 1906)
  • May 27Severn Darden, American actor (b. 1929)
  • May 28Irfan Ljubijankić, Bosnian diplomat (b. 1952)
  • May 29Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (b. 1897)
  • May 30Ted Drake, English footballer (b. 1912)

June

File:Warren e burger photo.jpeg

Warren E. Burger

File:Lana Turner - 1940 publicity.jpg

Lana Turner

  • June 3
    • Adolph Lowe, German sociologist and economist (b. 1893)
    • Frank Waters, American writer (b. 1902)
  • June 7Hsuan Hua, Chinese Buddhist master (b. 1918)
  • June 12Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist (b. 1920)
  • June 14
    • Rory Gallagher, Irish singer-songwriter (b. 1948)
    • Roger Zelazny, American writer (b. 1937)
    • Saidye Rosner Bronfman, Canadian philanthropist (b. 1897)
  • June 15Charles Bennett, English screenwriter (b. 1899)
  • June 20Emil Cioran, Romanian philosopher and essayist (b. 1911)
  • June 23Jonas Salk, American medical researcher (b. 1914)
  • June 25
    • Warren E. Burger, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1907)
    • Ernest Walton, Irish physicist (b. 1903)
  • June 29Lana Turner, American actress (b. 1921)
  • June 30
    • Georgi Beregovoi, Russian cosmonaut (b. 1921)
    • Gale Gordon, American actor (b. 1906)

July

File:Fangio.png

Juan Manuel Fangio

File:Princess Mother Srinagarindra.jpg

Srinagarindra

  • July 1Wolfman Jack, American disc jockey (b. 1938)
  • July 2
    • George Seldes, American journalist and media critic (b. 1890)
    • Krissy Taylor, American model (b. 1978)
  • July 3Pancho Gonzales, American tennis champion (b. 1928)
  • July 4
    • Eva Gabor, Hungarian actress (b. 1919)
    • Bob Ross, American television painter (b. 1942)
  • July 5Takeo Fukuda, Japanese politician (b. 1905)
  • July 16
    • Patsy Ruth Miller, American actress (b. 1904)
    • Stephen Spender, English poet and writer (b. 1909)
  • July 17
    • Juan Manuel Fangio, Argentine race car driver (b. 1911)
    • Harry Guardino, American actor (b. 1925)
  • July 18
    • Srinagarindra, Princess mother of Thailand (b. 1900)
    • Fabio Casartelli, Italian cyclist (b. 1970)
  • July 19Tomas Mendez, Mexican composer (b. 1921)
  • July 20Genevieve Tobin, American actress (b. 1899)
  • July 22Otakar Borůvka, Czech mathematician (b. 1899)
  • July 24
    • Marjorie Cameron, American artist, actress, and occultist (b. 1922)
    • George Rodger, British photojournalist (b. 1908)
  • July 25Charlie Rich, American singer (b. 1932)
  • July 26Doris Akers, American singer-songwriter (b. 1923)
  • July 27
  • July 29Philippe De Lacy, American actor (b. 1917)

August

File:Ida Lupino (1939).jpg

Ida Lupino

File:Grateful Dead - Jerry Garcia.jpg

Jerry Garcia

  • August 1Esther Muir, American actress (b. 1903)
  • August 3
    • Ida Lupino, English-American actress (b. 1918)
    • Edward Whittemore, American author and intelligence agent (b. 1933)
  • August 4J. Howard Marshall, American billionaire (b. 1905)
  • August 7Brigid Brophy, English author (b. 1929)
  • August 9Jerry Garcia, American guitarist (The Grateful Dead) (b. 1942)
  • August 11
    • Phil Harris, American actor (b. 1904)
    • Herbert Sumsion, English musician (b. 1899)
  • August 12Felipe Tromp, 1st Governor of Aruba (b. 1917)
  • August 13Mickey Mantle, American baseball player (b. 1931)
  • August 15John Cameron Swayze, American journalist (b. 1906)
  • August 17Howard Koch, American screenwriter (b. 1901)
  • August 19Pierre Schaeffer, French composer (b. 1910)
  • August 21Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-born astrophysicist (b. 1910)
  • August 22Johnny Carey, Irish football player and manager (b. 1919)
  • August 24
    • Gary Crosby, American singer and actor (b. 1933)
    • Alfred Eisenstaedt, German-American photographer (b. 1898)
  • August 29
    • Michael Ende, German author (b. 1929)
    • Frank Perry, American film director (b. 1930)
  • August 30
    • Fischer Black, American economist (b. 1938)
    • Sterling Morrison, American guitarist (b. 1942)

September

File:GunnarNordahl.jpg

Gunnar Nordahl

File:Madalyn Murray O'Hair.jpg

Madalyn Murray O'Hair

  • September 5Benyamin Sueb, Indonesian actor, comedian and singer (b. 1939)
  • September 7Russell Johnson, American cartoonist (b. 1893)
  • September 12
    • Jeremy Brett, English actor (b. 1933)
    • Lubomír Beneš, Czech animator and director (b. 1935)
  • September 15
    • Harry Calder, South African cricketer (b. 1901)
    • Dietrich Hrabak, German fighter pilot (b. 1914)
    • Gunnar Nordahl, Swedish footballer (b. 1921)
  • September 17Grady Sutton, American actor (b. 1906)
  • September 19Orville Redenbacher, American entrepreneur and businessman (b. 1907)
  • September 20Eileen Chang, Chinese writer (b. 1920)
  • September 25
    • Annie Elizabeth Delany, American dentist (b. 1891)
    • Dorothy Dickson, American actress and singer (b. 1893)
    • Kei Tomiyama, Japanese actor, voice actor, and narrator (b. 1938)
  • September 29
    • Madalyn Murray O'Hair, American activist (b. 1919)
    • Pedro Nolasco, Dominican boxer (b. 1963)

October

File:Alec Douglas Home Allan Warren cropped.jpg

Alec Douglas-Home

  • October 1Margaret Gorman, American beauty queen (b. 1905)
  • October 5Linda Gary, American voice actress (b. 1944)
  • October 9Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1903)
  • October 21
    • Maxene Andrews, American singer (b. 1916)
    • Jesús Blasco, Spanish comic book author (b. 1919)
    • Shannon Hoon, American singer (b. 1967)
  • October 22
    • Kingsley Amis, English writer (b. 1922)
    • Mary Wickes, American actress (b. 1910)
    • Li Shouheng, Chinese educator (b. 1898)
  • October 25
    • Viveca Lindfors, Swedish actress (b. 1920)
    • Bobby Riggs, American tennis player (b. 1918)
  • October 26
    • Gorni Kramer, Italian bandleader and songwriter (b. 1913)
    • Wilhelm Freddie, Danish painter (b. 1909)
  • October 29Terry Southern, American screenwriter (b. 1924)

November

File:Yitzhak Rabin (1986) cropped.jpg

Yitzhak Rabin

December

File:Konrad Zuse (1992).jpg

Konrad Zuse

File:Dean Martin - Rio Bravo 1959.jpg

Dean Martin

Nobel Prizes

  • PhysicsMartin L. Perl, Frederick Reines
  • ChemistryPaul J. Crutzen, Mario J. Molina, F. Sherwood Rowland
  • MedicineEdward B. Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Eric F. Wieschaus
  • LiteratureSeamus Heaney
  • Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred NobelRobert Lucas, Jr.
  • PeaceJoseph Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

References

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