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1990 (Script error: No such module "Roman".) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the , and the Script error: No such module "Ordinal". year of the decade.

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Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen,[1] the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika. Yugoslavia's communist regime collapses amidst increasing internal tensions and multiparty elections held within its constituent republics result in separatist governments being elected in most of the republics marking the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia. Also in this year began the crisis that would lead to the Gulf War in 1991 following the Iraq invasion and the largely internationally unrecognized annexation of Kuwait resulting in a crisis in the Persian Gulf involving the issue of the sovereignty of Kuwait and fears by Saudi Arabia over Iraqi aggression against their oil fields near Kuwait, this resulted in Operation Desert Shield being enacted with an international coalition of military forces being built up on the Kuwaiti-Saudi border with demands for Iraq to peacefully withdraw from Kuwait. Also in this year, Nelson Mandela was released from prison, and Margaret Thatcher resigned as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after over 11 years.

1990 was an important year in the Internet's early history. In the fall of 1990, Tim Berners-Lee created the first web server and the foundation for the World Wide Web. Test operations began around December 20 and it was released outside of CERN the following year.[2] 1990 also saw the official decommissioning of the ARPANET, a forerunner of the Internet system and the introduction of the first content search engine, Archie on September 10.[3]

September 14, 1990 saw the first case of successful somatic gene therapy on a patient.[4]

Due to the early 1990s recession that began that year and uncertainty due to the collapse of the socialist governments in Eastern Europe, birth rates in many countries stopped rising or fell steeply in 1990. In most western countries the Echo Boom peaked in 1990; fertility rates declined thereafter.[5]

Encyclopædia Britannica, which ceased printing in 2012, saw its highest all time sales in 1990; 120,000 volumes were sold that year.[6] The number of librarians in the United States also peaked around 1990.[7]

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Events

January

File:Leaning Tower of Pisa.jpg

January 7: The Pisa tower closed.

File:Exval.jpeg

January 29: Trial relating to Exxon Valdez.

February

March

April

File:1990-Moscow.jpg

April 1990 in Moscow, USSR

May

June

July

File:Philippines relief location map (square).svg

1990 Luzon earthquake

August

File:Gulf War Photobox.jpg

Gulf War Begins

September

October

File:Flag of Germany.svg

October 3: The former flag of West Germany becomes the flag of all Germany.

November

File:Thatcher reviews troops.jpg

Margaret Thatcher, the UK's first female Prime Minister, resigns after 11 years.

December

Date unknown

World population

World population
1990 1985 1995
World 5,263,593,000 4,830,979,000 10px 432,614,000 +8.95 % 5,674,380,000 10px 410,787,000 +7.80 %
Africa 622,443,000 541,718,000 10px 80,629,000 +14.88 % 707,462,000 10px 85,019,000 +13.66 %
Asia 3,167,807,000 2,887,552,000 10px 280,255,000 +9.71 % 3,430,052,000 10px 262,245,000 +8.28 %
Europe 721,582,000 706,009,000 10px 15,573,000 +2.21 % 727,405,000 10px 5,823,000 +0.81 %
Latin America 441,525,000 401,469,000 10px 40,056,000 +9.98 % 481,099,000 10px 39,574,000 +8.96 %
North America 283,549,000 269,456,000 10px 14,093,000 +5.23 % 299,438,000 10px 15,889,000 +5.60 %
Oceania 26,687,000 24,678,000 10px 2,009,000 +8.14 % 28,924,000 10px 2,237,000 +8.38 %

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

File:Toni Kroos - CdR - RM v ATL (cropped).jpg

Toni Kroos

File:2012 WFSC 05d 347 Elene Gedevanishvili.JPG

Elene Gedevanishvili

File:Liam Hemsworth June 2016.jpg

Liam Hemsworth

File:Grant Gustin at 2015 PaleyFest.jpg

Grant Gustin

File:Christopher Massey graduating High School.JPG

Christopher Massey

File:Jake Thomas by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Jake Thomas

February

File:Sean Kingston Shout Awards.jpg

Sean Kingston

File:The Weeknd 2015.jpg

The Weeknd

File:Bea Rose Santiago.jpg

Bea Rose Santiago

File:(160204) Park Shin Hye @ the 'DongJu - The Portrait of A Poet' Movie Premiere.jpg

Park Shin-hye

Template:Double image

March

File:Cassie Scerbo 2009.jpg

Cassie Scerbo

April

File:Kristen Stewart Cannes 2014.jpg

Kristen Stewart

File:Emma Watson 2013.jpg

Emma Watson

File:Kim Chiu by Ronn Tan, April 2010.png

Kim Chiu

File:Machine Gun Kelly.jpg

Machine Gun Kelly

Template:Double image

May

File:Academy Awards afterparty CUN Kay Panabaker.jpg

Kay Panabaker

File:Thomas Brodie-Sangster by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg

Thomas Brodie-Sangster

File:Leven Rambin October 2014.jpg

Leven Rambin

Template:Double image

June

File:Iggy Azalea August 2015.jpg

Iggy Azalea

File:Aaron Taylor-Johnson SDCC 2014 (cropped).jpg

Aaron Taylor-Johnson

File:John-Newman 2014-01-18 1846 photoby-Adam-Bielawski.jpg

John Newman

File:Sandra izbasa.jpg

Sandra Izbasa

July

File:Margot Robbie by Gage Skidmore.jpg

Margot Robbie

File:Carlotta giovannini.jpg

Carlotta Giovannini

File:27th Tokyo International Film Festival Sosuke Ikematsu.jpg

Sosuke Ikematsu

File:Connor Paolo at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg

Connor Paolo

Template:Double image

File:Indiana Evans (8482050654).jpg

Indiana Evans

August

File:Lucas Till 2011.jpg

Lucas Till

File:Jennifer Lawrence SDCC 2015 X-Men.jpg

Jennifer Lawrence

File:Bo Burnham in Pittsburgh (cropped).jpg

Bo Burnham

September

File:YuNaKimInVancouver.jpg

Kim Yuna

Template:Double image

File:Mao Asada Podium 2014 World Championships.jpg

Mao Asada

October

File:Sandra Ostad.jpg

Sandra Ostad

November

File:Kendall Schmidt concert in Mannheim.jpg

Kendall Schmidt

File:Ferrari Padova 2013 01.jpg

Vanessa Ferrari

File:Sarah Hyland at 2015 PaleyFest.jpg

Sarah Hyland

File:Rita Ora 2012.jpg

Rita Ora

File:Magnus Carlsen cropped.jpg

Magnus Carlsen

December

File:Jojo in 2011.jpg

JoJo

Deaths

January

File:Cerenkov.jpg

Pavel Cherenkov

Template:Double image

File:Vishniac.jpg

Roman Vishniac

File:Ava Gardner barefoot contessa crop.jpg

Ava Gardner

February

Template:Double image

March

File:Gary merrill.png

Gary Merrill

April

File:Greta Garbo02 crop.jpg

Greta Garbo

May

File:Olympia-Kanone 1936.jpg

Walter Bruch behind camera

Template:Double image

June

File:Rex Harrison in Miracle on 34th Street trailer.jpg

Rex Harrison

July

August

File:Victor Tsoi 1986 cropped.jpg

Viktor Tsoi

File:Pearlbailey.jpg

Pearl Bailey

File:Luigi Beccali.jpg

Luigi Beccali

September

File:Samuel Kanyon Doe.jpg

Samuel Doe

File:Xu Xiangqian.jpg

Xu Xiangqian

October

File:Beatrice Hutton.png

Beatrice Hutton

File:Leonard Bernstein by Jack Mitchell.jpg

Leonard Bernstein

November

File:Mary Martin.jpg

Mary Martin

File:Robert Hofstadter.jpg

Robert Hofstadter

File:Roald Dahl.jpg

Roald Dahl

December

Template:Double image

File:Tunku abd rahman.jpg

Tunku Abdul Rahman

File:Joan Bennett in The Son of Monte Cristo crop.jpg

Joan Bennett

File:Friedrich duerrenmatt 19890427.jpg

Friedrich Dürrenmatt

Nobel Prizes

Fields Medal

References

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