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File:Opening ceremony (8075978683).jpg

Opening ceremony of the 1982 Commonwealth Games in Brisbane. In this photo Matilda is seen as it goes around the stadium, winking to the crowd, 30 September 1982.

The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 30 September–9 October 1982. The Opening Ceremony was held at the QEII Stadium (named for Elizabeth II), in the Brisbane suburb of Nathan. The QEII Stadium was also the venue which was used for the athletics and archery competitions during the Games.[1] Other events were held at the purpose-built Sleeman Sports Complex in Chandler.

The Chairman of the 1982 Commonwealth Games was Sir Edward Williams.[2]

The 1982 Commonwealth Games Logo was designed by Paulo Ferreira,[3] who was the winner of a nationwide competition held in 1978. The symbol is derived from the form of a bounding kangaroo. The three bands, forming stylized A's (for Australia), are in colours which are common to flags of many Commonwealth countries.

Matilda the kangaroo mascot for the 1982 Commonwealth Games was represented by a cartoon kangaroo,[4] and a gigantic 13-metre (42 feet 8 inches) high mechanical "winking" kangaroo, who travelled around the stadium and winked at the crowd.

The games were officially opened by The Duke of Edinburgh and closed by The Queen.

Participating teams

File:Commonwealth games 1982 countries map.PNG

Countries and places which competed at the 1982 games

46 Commonwealth nations and territories took part in the 1982 Commonwealth Games.[5] A total of 1,583 athletes and 571 officials participated in the event.[6] The Griffith University campus was used as an athletes village.
(Teams competing for the first time are shown in bold).[7]

Bidding Cities

Bidding for the XII Commonwealth Games was held in Montreal at the 1976 Summer Olympics: Lagos (Nigeria), Brisbane (Australia), Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) and Birmingham (England). On 14 July 1976 it was announced that Brisbane had won the rights to stage the Games[8] after the other candidate cities withdrew bids earlier that year.

Brisbane was awarded by default of being the only Candidate City left at the bid election after Birmingham reversed its decision to submit an application.[8] Nigeria's boycott of the Montreal Summer Olympics made Lagos' bid lobbying impractical.Script error: No such module "Unsubst". The Montreal Summer Olympics were plagued with cost overruns and bidding on a sports festival anywhere in the world was not good politically.Script error: No such module "Unsubst".

Sports

Sports contested during the 1982 Commonwealth Games included athletics, archery, badminton, Lawn bowls, boxing, cycling, shooting, swimming, diving, weightlifting and wrestling.[9]

The Bruce Highway was used for road cycling events, boxing was held at Brisbane Festival Hall while weightlifting and wrestling were held at Brisbane City Hall.[9]

Highlights

Opening Ceremony (30 September)

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The ceremony at the QEII Stadium was held on a fine but extremely windy day. The wind was so strong that skydivers who were going to descend into the stadium were cancelled.[6] Instead they made an entrance at the closing ceremony.

Day 1 (1 October)

The first event of the Games was Script error: No such module "convert". Road Trial in cycling. England won the Gold Medal in the event, and Australia won the Silver Medal—coming second to England by only six seconds.

Other sports which were contested on the first day of competition included swimming and diving, weightlifting, shooting and bowls.

Day 2 (2 October)

Sports contested included swimming, diving, weightlifting, shooting, cycling, bowls and archery.

The day was marred by both Australia and Canada being disqualified in the 4 × 100 metres relay in swimming, both problems occurring during change-overs. The medals awarded for this race went to England, Scotland and New Zealand.

Day 4 (4 October)

Sports contested included swimming, diving, cycling, athletics, archery, hammer throwing and shooting.

The day was marred when Canada was again disqualified, this time in the 4 × 200 metres freestyle relay. Canada protested against the winners, Australia, as well as against their own disqualification.

Closing Ceremony

Elizabeth II closed the Games during a colourful ceremony, which included parachute jumpers (who had originally been also intended as part of the Opening Ceremony display) jumping and landing in a special target area within the stadium and red, white and blue balloons. Matilda the Kangaroo also winked at the Queen. Following the closing of the Games, the Queen and Duke left the stand to be driven from the stadium. However, nobody wanted the Games to end and the Australian team formed a 'guard of honour' and ran beside and behind the car in which Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip were travelling, as it circled the stadium several times before finally leaving.[10] Team members from other countries also joined in running after the royal car.

Medals by country

This is the full table of the medal count of the 1982 Commonwealth Games. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.

1 23x15px Australia 39 39 29 107
2 Template:Country data England 38 38 32 108
3 23x15px Canada 26 23 33 82
4 Template:Country data Scotland 8 6 12 26
5 23x15px New Zealand 5 8 13 26
6 23x15px India 5 8 3 16
7 Template:Country data Nigeria 5 0 8 13
8 Template:Country data Wales 4 4 1 9
9 23x15px Kenya 4 2 4 10
10 23x15px Bahamas 2 2 2 6
11 Template:Country data Jamaica 2 1 1 4
12 23x15px Tanzania 1 2 2 5
13 23x15px Malaysia 1 0 1 2
23x15px Hong Kong 1 0 1 2
15 Template:Country data Fiji 1 0 0 1
Template:Country data Zimbabwe 1 0 0 1
17 Template:Country data Northern Ireland 0 3 3 6
18 Template:Country data Uganda 0 3 0 3
19 Template:Country data Zambia 0 1 5 6
20 Template:Country data Guernsey 0 1 1 2
21 Template:Country data Bermuda 0 0 1 1
Template:Country data Singapore 0 0 1 1
Template:Country data Swaziland 0 0 1 1
Total 143 141 153 437

Medals by event

Aquatics

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Archery

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Athletics

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Badminton

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Bowls

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Boxing

Event Gold Silver Bronze
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Flyweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
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Bantamweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
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Featherweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
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Lightweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
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Light Welterweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
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Welterweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
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Light Middleweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
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Middleweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
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Light Heavyweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
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Heavyweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
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Cycling

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Diving

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Shooting

Pistol

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Free Pistol Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 553 Template:Flagathlete 543 Template:Flagathlete 540
Free Pistol - Pairs Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 1077 Template:Flagathlete 1075 Template:Flagathlete 1074
Centre-Fire Pistol Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 580 Template:Flagathlete 579 Template:Flagathlete 577
Centre-Fire Pistol - Pairs Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 1151 Template:Flagathlete 1138 Template:Flagathlete 1131
Rapid-Fire Pistol Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 583 Template:Flagathlete 583 Template:Flagathlete 582
Rapid-Fire Pistol - Pairs Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 1160 Template:Flagathlete 1152 Template:Flagathlete 1151
Air Pistol Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 576 Template:Flagathlete 573 Template:Flagathlete 571
Air Pistol - Pairs Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 1128 Template:Flagathlete 1126 Template:Flagathlete 1125

Rifle

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Small Bore Rifle, Prone Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 1184 Template:Flagathlete 1184 Template:Flagathlete 1177
Small Bore Rifle, Prone - Pairs Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 1187 Template:Flagathlete 1183 Template:Flagathlete 1180
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 1146 Template:Flagathlete 1145 Template:Flagathlete 1144
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions - Pairs Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 2301 Template:Flagathlete 2279 Template:Flagathlete 2277
Full Bore Rifle Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 387 Template:Flagathlete 385 Template:Flagathlete 384
Full Bore Rifle - Pairs Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 572 Template:Flagathlete 570 Template:Flagathlete 563
Air Rifle Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 574 Template:Flagathlete 572 Template:Flagathlete 570
Air Rifle - Pairs Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 1137 Template:Flagathlete 1126 Template:Flagathlete 1123

Shotgun

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Trap Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 191 Template:Flagathlete 190 Template:Flagathlete 190
Trap - Pairs Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 190 Template:Flagathlete 186 Template:Flagathlete 183
Skeet Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 197 Template:Flagathlete 196 Template:Flagathlete 195
Skeet - Pairs Men/Open Template:Flagathlete 191 Template:Flagathlete 190 Template:Flagathlete 190

Swimming

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Weightlifting

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Flyweight - Overall Men Template:Flagathlete 207.5 Template:Flagathlete 200 Template:Flagathlete 192.5
Bantamweight - Overall Men Template:Flagathlete 235 Template:Flagathlete 227.5 Template:Flagathlete 222.5
Featherweight - Overall Men Template:Flagathlete 267.5 Template:Flagathlete 245 Template:Flagathlete 242.5
Lightweight - Overall Men Template:Flagathlete 295 Template:Flagathlete 285 Template:Flagathlete 277.5
Middleweight - Overall Men Template:Flagathlete 312.5 Template:Flagathlete 305 Template:Flagathlete 302.5
Light Heavyweight - Overall Men Template:Flagathlete 325 Template:Flagathlete 320 Template:Flagathlete 317.5
Middle Heavyweight - Overall Men Template:Flagathlete 337.5 Template:Flagathlete 335 Template:Flagathlete 325
Sub Heavyweight - Overall Men Template:Flagathlete 350 Template:Flagathlete 350 Template:Flagathlete 340
Heavyweight - Overall Men Template:Flagathlete 347.5 Template:Flagathlete 325 Template:Flagathlete 315
Super Heavyweight - Overall Men Template:Flagathlete 377.5 Template:Flagathlete 347.5 Template:Flagathlete 320

Wrestling

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Light Flyweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
Flyweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
Bantamweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
Featherweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
Lightweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
Welterweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
Middleweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
Light Heavyweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
Heavyweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete
Super Heavyweight Men Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete Template:Flagathlete

Aboriginal movement protests

The Brisbane Commonwealth Games were also noted by large-scale protests by the Aboriginal rights movement in Australia, which brought to the centre of international media attention the lack of land rights, poor living condition and suppression of personal and political rights in Queensland in particular, and in Australia as a whole.[12] The protests, which were followed by large-scale arrests, are a significant event in the history of the Australian Aboriginal movement.[13]

Games identity

The Games brand identity

Mascot

File:Opening ceremony (8075978683).jpg

Matilda[14] the Kangaroo mascot for the 1982 Commonwealth Games (shown here at the Opening ceremony of the 1982 Commonwealth Games in Brisbane. In this photo Matilda is seen as it goes around the stadium, winking to the crowd.

The massive Matilda prop from the opening ceremony was relocated to Wet'n'Wild Water World, a water park in the Gold Coast hinterland. Unfortunately, in 2007, Matilda lay out the back of Wet'n'Wild in pieces, until 2011, when the winking icon found a new home at the back of the Kybong Matilda fuel station (now a Puma fuel station), near Gympie in South East Queensland, and has been thrilling visitors and locals with her impressive stature.[15]

See also

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Footnotes

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  12. Spencer Reiss with Carl Robinson, "Aborigines Vs. Queensland", Newsweek: International Edition, 11 October 1982, p. 13
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References

  • "XII Commonwealth Games - The Official Pictorial History" —Channel 9 "Today Tonight", O & B Holdings Pty. Ltd., (1982)

External links

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Template:Commonwealth Games Associations at the 1982 Commonwealth Games Template:Sports at the 1982 Commonwealth Games Template:Commonwealth Games years Template:Commonwealth Games Medal Counts

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