Culture Wikia
Advertisement

<templatestyles src="Module:Infobox/styles.css"></templatestyles>

1978 FIFA World Cup
Copa Mundial de Fútbol
Argentina '78
  (Spanish)
File:Logo Mundial 78.svg
Tournament details
Host countryArgentina
Dates1–25 June
Teams16 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)6 (in 5 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Argentina.svg Argentina (1st title)
Runners-upFlag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Third placeFile:Flag of Brazil (1968–1992).svg Brazil
Fourth placeFlag of Italy.svg Italy
Tournament statistics
Matches played38
Goals scored102 (2.68 per match)
Attendance1,545,791 (40,679 per match)
Top scorer(s)Argentina Mario Kempes (6 goals)
Best player(s)Argentina Mario Kempes[1]
Best young playerItaly Antonio Cabrini[2]
Fair play awardFlag of Argentina.svg Argentina[2]
1974
1982

The 1978 FIFA World Cup was the 11th edition of the FIFA World Cup, a quadrennial international football world championship tournament among the men's senior national teams. It was held in Argentina between 1 and 25 June.

The Cup was won by the host nation, Argentina, who defeated the Netherlands 3–1 in the final, after extra time. The final was held at River Plate's home stadium, Estadio Monumental, in the Argentine capital of Buenos Aires. This win was the first World Cup title for Argentina, who became the fifth team (after Uruguay, Italy, England, and West Germany) to be both hosts and world champions and the third South American team to win a World Cup. Argentina, the Netherlands, and Brazil were the gold, silver, and bronze medalists, respectively. Iran and Tunisia made their first appearances in the tournament. The defending champions, West Germany were eliminated in the second round (finishing third in their group). This was also the last World Cup tournament to use the original inclusion of 16 teams. Since the first World Cup in 1930, only 15 teams (plus the host, who automatically qualified) had been allowed to qualify (the reigning title holders also received automatic qualification from 1934 through 2002); but for the next World Cup, in Spain, FIFA expanded that tournament to 24 teams.

This tournament was marred by flagrant controversy, domestic politics, and alleged interference and match-fixing by the Argentine authoritarian military junta government, who were using this tournament as an opportunity for nationalistic propaganda, and for the relatively new military junta to seek legitimacy on the world stage.[3] One player, Ralf Edström, was arrested for speaking to a person in Buenos Aires; however, the Argentine military released him upon recognising its error (that he was a player, not an ordinary person).[4]

The official match ball was the Adidas Tango.

Host selection[]

Main article: FIFA World Cup hosts

Argentina was chosen as the host nation by FIFA in London, England on 6 July 1966. Mexico withdrew from the bidding process after having been awarded the 1970 competition two years earlier.

File:Palco de Perón (a color!).jpg

Juan Domingo Perón saluting the crowd, the inspiration of the Argentina 78 logo

The logo is based on Juan Perón's signature gesture: a salute to the crowd with both arms extended above his head. This was one of the most famous, populist images of Perón. The design was created in 1974 two years prior to the military coup in 1976. The military leadership were aware that the World Cup's logo symbolized Perón's gesture, and they tried to change the competition's logo. At this point, the design was already broadly commercialized and the merchandise had already been made: a forced modification "would trigger a sea of lawsuits against the country", so the military "munched the defeat".[5]

Qualification[]

Main article: 1978 FIFA World Cup qualification
File:1978 world cup qualification.png

<templatestyles src="Legend/styles.css" />

  Countries qualified for World Cup
<templatestyles src="Legend/styles.css" />
  Country failed to qualify
<templatestyles src="Legend/styles.css" />
  Countries that did not enter World Cup
<templatestyles src="Legend/styles.css" />
  Country not a FIFA member

England failed to qualify for the second World Cup in succession, losing out to Italy. European champions Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and the Soviet Union also failed to qualify for the finals. Uruguay failed to qualify for the first time since 1958. Newcomers to the finals were Iran and Tunisia; Austria qualified for the first time since 1958, while France, Spain and Hungary were back for the first time since 1966. For the first time, more than 100 nations entered the competition.[6]

Controversy[]

A controversial fact surrounding the 1978 World Cup was that Argentina had suffered a military coup only two years before the cup, a coup known as the National Reorganization Process. Less than a year before the World Cup, in September 1977, Interior Minister General Albano Harguindeguy, stated that 5,618 people had recently disappeared. The infamous Naval Mechanics School (known by its acronym ESMA) held concentration camp prisoners of the Dirty War and those held captive reportedly could hear the roars of the crowd during matches held at River Plate's Monumental Stadium, located only a mile away;[7] prompting echoes of Hitler's political manipulation of sports during the 1936 Berlin Olympics.[8] Because of the political turmoil, some countries, most notably the Netherlands, considered publicly whether they should participate in the event. Despite this, all teams eventually took part without restrictions. Allegations that Dutch star Johan Cruyff refused to participate because of political convictions were denied by him 30 years later.[9] More controversy surrounded the host, Argentina, as all of their games in the first round kicked off at night, giving the Argentines the advantage of knowing where they stood in the group. This issue would arise again in Spain 1982, which prompted FIFA to change the rules so that the final two group games in subsequent World Cups would be played simultaneously.

Further accusations surround the game Argentina and Peru played in the second round of the tournament. Argentina needed to win by a margin of four goals to proceed to the final and did so by defeating Peru by 6–0. However, claims that the Argentine military dictatorship interfered to ensure Argentina would defeat Peru, were denied by the Peruvian captain and several Peruvian players.[10] Some accusations originated in the Brazilian media and pointed to the fact that the Peruvian goalkeeper had been born in Argentina.[11][12] There is also an alleged deal, reported by the British media as an anonymous rumour, that involved the delivery of a large grain shipment to Peru by Argentina and the unfreezing of a Peruvian bank account that was held by the Argentine Central Bank.[13] Another alleged deal, published by a Colombian drug lord in a controversial book, involved the Peruvian team being bribed without any political implications.[10] A third alleged deal, claimed by a Peruvian leftist politician, encompassed sending 13 Peruvian dissidents exiled in Argentina back to Peru.[14] On top of the contradictions between stories, no evidence is shown in any case.

Three months before the World Cup, Argentina had beaten Peru 3–1 in Lima, head to head record was 15–3 in favour of the hosting nation and Peru had never beaten Argentina away from home. However, Peru had conceded only 6 goals in their previous 5 games in the World Cup. During the first half, Peru hit the post twice after two counters when the game was 0–0. Argentina managed to get ahead 2–0 before the end of the first 45 minutes. During the second half, Argentina was ahead 4–0 when Peru had another clear chance. Argentina kept attacking and scored twice more, making it 6–0 and surpassing the needed margin.

There was also some domestic controversy as well, as Argentine manager César Luis Menotti did not call up 17-year-old Argentinos Juniors local star Diego Maradona, as Menotti felt the exceptionally talented Maradona was too young to handle the pressures of such an important tournament on home soil and that the expectations of the team's performance would probably revolve around the Buenos Aires-born youngster.[15]

Format[]

The format of the competition stayed the same as in 1974: 16 teams qualified, divided into four groups of four. Each group played a round-robin with two points for a win and one for a draw, and goal difference used to separate teams level on points. The top two teams in each group would advance to the second round, where they would be split into two groups of four. The winners of each group would play each other in the final, and the second-place finishers in the third place match. For the 1978 World Cup, FIFA introduced the penalty shoot-out as a means of determining the winner in knockout stages should the match end on a draw after 120 minutes. The method, however, was not put in practice as both the third-place match and the final were decided before 120 minutes. The first World Cup to feature a penalty shoot-out was the 1982 World Cup, in the semifinal match between France and West Germany.

Summary[]

First round[]

The first round produced several surprises. Poland won Group 2 ahead of world champions West Germany, after holding the Germans to a goalless draw and then beating Tunisia and Mexico. The Germans then thrashed Mexico 6–0, and finally played out a second goalless draw against Tunisia. Although they failed to qualify for the second round, Tunisia made history by beating Mexico 3–1 while losing 0–1 at half time. It was the first time that any African team had won a match at the World Cup finals.

Peru pushed the Netherlands into second place in Group 4, where Scotland missed out on goal difference for the second successive tournament. Teófilo Cubillas was outstanding for Peru, scoring twice against Scotland in Peru's 3–1 win and hitting a hat-trick in their 4–1 victory over Iran. Rob Rensenbrink of the Netherlands also scored three times against Iran, scoring all the goals as the Dutch won 3–0. Scotland drew with Iran 1–1 and the only highlight of their campaign was a 3–2 victory over the Netherlands in their final group game which was not enough to prevent elimination. Iran, the reigning Asian champions, went out of the tournament winless. Rensenbrink's goal against Scotland was the 1000th goal of World Cup history. Scotland's Willie Johnston was expelled from the World Cup after he was found to have taken a banned stimulant during the opening game against Peru.

The biggest surprise of all came in Group 3, where Austria finished ahead of Brazil. The Austrians beat Spain and Sweden, while Brazil were held to draws by the same two teams. The draw with Sweden was especially controversial; Welsh referee Clive Thomas awarded Brazil a very late corner kick and Zico directly headed the kick into the net but Thomas blew for time before Zico made contact with the ball and the goal was disallowed. The Brazilian players were not happy with the decision, but the final result remained a 1–1 draw. Brazil needed to beat Austria in their final group game, and/or beat Spain in their second group game to be sure of progressing to the second round, and managed a 1–0 win thanks to a goal from Roberto Dinamite. Brazil and Austria thus finished with the same number of points and the same goal difference, but Austria won the group by virtue of having scored more goals.

Group 1 had the strongest line-up of teams in the first round, featuring Italy, the host Argentina, France and Hungary. The two places in the second round were claimed before the final round of games, with Italy and Argentina both beating France and Hungary. The match between Italy and Argentina decided who topped the group, and a goal from Roberto Bettega midway through the second half was enough to give that honour to Italy. It also forced Argentina to move out of Buenos Aires and play in Rosario.

The 1978 World Cup marked the third and last occasion during which a national team did not wear its own kit to play a match (the first being in a 1950 World Cup first round match between Switzerland and Mexico). (The second being in a 1958 World Cup first round match between West Germany and Argentina). The incident happened during the game between France and Hungary. Both teams arrived at the venue with only their white change kits, resulting in a delayed kickoff while officials went in search of the jerseys of a local team from Mar del Plata, Club Atlético Kimberley; the jerseys had vertical green and white stripes and were worn by France.

Second round[]

In the all-European Group A, the Netherlands got off to a flying start by thrashing Austria 5–1, Johnny Rep scoring two of their goals. In a rematch of the 1974 final, the Dutch then drew 2–2 with West Germany, who had previously shared a goalless game with Italy. The Italians beat Austria 1–0, and so the Netherlands faced Italy in their last group game knowing that the winners would reach the final. Ernie Brandts scored an 18th-minute own goal to put Italy ahead at half-time, but he made up for his mistake by scoring at the right end in the fifth minute of the second half. Arie Haan got the winner for the Dutch with 15 minutes remaining, and the Netherlands had reached their second successive World Cup Final. In the game known as the miracle of Cordoba, West Germany were surprisingly beaten by Austria 2–3 which marked their end as World Champions.

Group B was essentially a battle between Argentina and Brazil, and it was resolved in controversial circumstances. In the first round of group games, Brazil beat Peru 3–0 while Argentina saw Poland off by a score of 2–0. Brazil and Argentina then played out a tense and violent goalless draw, so both teams went into the last round of matches with three points. Argentina delayed the kick-off of its last match to await the result of the Brazil-Poland encounter. Brazil won by a 3–1 score, meaning Argentina had to beat Peru by four clear goals to reach the final but they managed to do it. Trailing 2–0 at half-time, Peru simply collapsed in the second half, and Argentina eventually won 6–0. As previously noted, rumors suggested that Peru might have been bribed or threatened into allowing Argentina to win the match by such a large margin. However, nothing could be proved, and Argentina met the Netherlands in the final. Brazil took third place from an enterprising Italian side with Nelinho scoring a memorable goal, and were dubbed "moral champions" by coach Cláudio Coutinho, because they did not win the tournament, but did not lose a single match.

Final[]

The final, Argentina vs Netherlands, was also controversial, as the Dutch accused the Argentines of using stalling tactics to delay the match. The host team came out late and questioned the legality of a plaster cast on René van de Kerkhof's wrist, which the Dutch claimed allowed tension to build in front of a hostile Buenos Aires crowd. During the game, the referees repeatedly ignored Argentine players running off side for up to 10 meters and catching the ball with their hands.Template:Citationneeded

Mario Kempes opened the scoring for the hosts before Dick Nanninga equalized a few minutes from the end. Rob Rensenbrink had a glorious stoppage-time opportunity to win it for the Netherlands but his effort came back off the goal post. Argentina won the final 3–1 after extra time, after Daniel Bertoni scored and Kempes, who finished as the tournament's top scorer with six goals, added his second of the day. The Netherlands, because of the controversial game events, refused to attend the post-match ceremonies after the match ended.[16] They had lost their second consecutive World Cup final, both times to the host nation, after losing to West Germany in 1974. Argentina won 5 games but became the first team to win the World Cup after failing to win two matches (losing to Italy in the first round and drawing with Brazil in the second round). (Four years later, Italy would win the next World Cup despite failing to win three games.)

Mascot[]

The official mascot of this World Cup was Gauchito, a boy wearing an Argentina kit. His hat (with the words ARGENTINA '78), neckerchief, and whip are typical of gauchos.

Venues[]

Of the 6 venues used, the Argentine national stadium, the Estadio Monumental in Buenos Aires was the largest and most used venue, hosting 9 total matches, including the final match. The Carreras Stadium in Cordoba hosted 8 matches, the stadiums in Mendoza, Rosario and Mar del Plata each hosted 6 matches and the Jose Amalfitani stadium in Buenos Aires hosted 3 matches. The Minella stadium in Mar del Plata was heavily criticized due to its terrible pitch, which was deemed "nearly unplayable"; whereas the Amalfitani stadium in Buenos Aires, the least used stadium for this tournament, was praised for its very good pitch.[17]

Brazil was forced by tournament organizers to play all three of its first group matches in Mar del Plata.

Buenos Aires Córdoba
Estadio Monumental Estadio José Amalfitani Estadio Córdoba
Capacity: 74,624 Capacity: 49,540 Capacity: 46,083
File:Estadio Monumental Mundial 78.jpg File:Estadio José Amalfitani.JPG File:Estadio Córdoba (Arg vs Ghana) 1.jpg
Mar del Plata Rosario Mendoza
Estadio José María Minella Estadio Gigante de Arroyito Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza
Capacity: 43,542 Capacity: 41,654 Capacity: 34,875
File:PT ESTADIO2.jpg File:Estadio Gigante de Arroyito.jpg File:Estadio Malvinas Argentinas.JPG

Match officials[]

Squads[]

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1978 FIFA World Cup squads.

Seeding[]

Pot 1 Pot 2 Pot 3 Pot 4

  • Flag of Italy.svg Italy
  • Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
  • Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
  • Flag of Peru (state).svg Peru

Results[]

File:1978 world cup.png

<templatestyles src="Legend/styles.css" />

  Champion
<templatestyles src="Legend/styles.css" />
  Runner-up
<templatestyles src="Legend/styles.css" />
  Third place
<templatestyles src="Legend/styles.css" />
  Fourth place
<templatestyles src="Legend/styles.css" />
  Second round
<templatestyles src="Legend/styles.css" />
  First round

Group stage[]

Group 1[]

Main article: 1978 FIFA World Cup Group 1
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Flag of Italy.svg Italy 3 3 0 0 6 2 +4 6
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina 3 2 0 1 4 3 +1 4
Flag of France.svg France 3 1 0 2 5 5 0 2
File:Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary 3 0 0 3 3 8 −5 0

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Italy Flag of Italy.svg2–1Flag of France.svg France
Rossi Template:Goal
Zaccarelli Template:Goal
Report Lacombe Template:Goal
Estadio José María Minella, Mar del Plata
Attendance: 42,373
Referee: Nicolae Rainea (Romania)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Argentina Flag of Argentina.svg2–1File:Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary
Luque Template:Goal
Bertoni Template:Goal
Report Csapó Template:Goal
Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 71,615
Referee: Antonio Garrido (Portugal)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Italy Flag of Italy.svg3–1File:Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary
Rossi Template:Goal
Bettega Template:Goal
Benetti Template:Goal
Report A. Tóth Template:Goal
Estadio José María Minella, Mar del Plata
Attendance: 26,533
Referee: Ramón Barreto (Uruguay)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Argentina Flag of Argentina.svg2–1Flag of France.svg France
Passarella Template:Goal
Luque Template:Goal
Report Platini Template:Goal
Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 71,666
Referee: Jean Dubach (Switzerland)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

France Flag of France.svg3–1File:Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary
Lopez Template:Goal
Berdoll Template:Goal
Rocheteau Template:Goal
Report Zombori Template:Goal
Estadio José María Minella, Mar del Plata
Attendance: 23,127
Referee: Arnaldo Cézar Coelho (Brazil)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Argentina Flag of Argentina.svg0–1Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Report Bettega Template:Goal
Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 71,712
Referee: Abraham Klein (Israel)

Group 2[]

Main article: 1978 FIFA World Cup Group 2
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
File:Flag of Poland (1928–1980).svg Poland 3 2 1 0 4 1 +3 5
Flag of Germany.svg West Germany 3 1 2 0 6 0 +6 4
File:Flag of Tunisia (1959–1999).svg Tunisia 3 1 1 1 3 2 +1 3
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 3 0 0 3 2 12 −10 0

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

West Germany Flag of Germany.svg0–0File:Flag of Poland (1928–1980).svg Poland
Report
Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 67,579
Referee: Ángel Norberto Coerezza (Argentina)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Tunisia File:Flag of Tunisia (1959–1999).svg3–1Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Kaabi Template:Goal
Ghommidh Template:Goal
Dhouieb Template:Goal
Report Vázquez Ayala Template:Goal
Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario
Attendance: 17,396
Referee: John Gordon (Scotland)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

West Germany Flag of Germany.svg6–0Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
D. Müller Template:Goal
H. Müller Template:Goal
Rummenigge Template:Goal
Flohe Template:Goal
Report
Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 35,258
Referee: Farouk Bouzo (Syria)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Poland File:Flag of Poland (1928–1980).svg1–0File:Flag of Tunisia (1959–1999).svg Tunisia
Lato Template:Goal Report
Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario
Attendance: 9,624
Referee: Ángel Franco Martínez (Spain)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

West Germany Flag of Germany.svg0–0File:Flag of Tunisia (1959–1999).svg Tunisia
Report
Estadio Olímpico Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 30,667
Referee: César Guerrero Orosco (Peru)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Poland File:Flag of Poland (1928–1980).svg3–1Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Boniek Template:Goal
Deyna Template:Goal
Report Rangel Template:Goal
Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario
Attendance: 22,651
Referee: Jafar Namdar (Iran)

Group 3[]

Main article: 1978 FIFA World Cup Group 3
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
File:Flag of Austria.svg Austria 3 2 0 1 3 2 +1 4
File:Flag of Brazil (1968–1992).svg Brazil

3 1 2 0 2 1 +1 4
File:Flag of Spain (1977–1981).svg.png Spain 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 3
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 3 0 1 2 1 3 −2 1

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Austria File:Flag of Austria.svg2–1File:Flag of Spain (1977–1981).svg.png Spain
Schachner Template:Goal
Krankl Template:Goal
Report Dani Template:Goal
Estadio José Amalfitani, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 40,841
Referee: Károly Palotai (Hungary)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Brazil File:Flag of Brazil (1968–1992).svg1–1Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
Reinaldo Template:Goal Report Sjöberg Template:Goal
Estadio José Maria Minella, Mar del Plata
Attendance: 32,569
Referee: Clive Thomas (Wales)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Austria File:Flag of Austria.svg1–0Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
Krankl Template:Goal Report
Estadio José Amalfitani, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 41,424
Referee: Charles Corver (Netherlands)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Brazil File:Flag of Brazil (1968–1992).svg0–0File:Flag of Spain (1977–1981).svg.png Spain
Report
Estadio José Maria Minella, Mar del Plata
Attendance: 34,771
Referee: Sergio Gonella (Italy)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Spain File:Flag of Spain (1977–1981).svg.png1–0Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
Asensi Template:Goal Report
Estadio José Amalfitani, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 42,132
Referee: Ferdinand Biwersi (West Germany)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Brazil File:Flag of Brazil (1968–1992).svg1–0File:Flag of Austria.svg Austria
Roberto Dinamite Template:Goal Report
Estadio José Maria Minella, Mar del Plata
Attendance: 35,221
Referee: Robert Wurtz (France)

Group 4[]

Main article: 1978 FIFA World Cup Group 4
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Flag of Peru (state).svg Peru 3 2 1 0 7 2 +5 5
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands 3 1 1 1 5 3 +2 3
Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland 3 1 1 1 5 6 −1 3
File:State Flag of Iran (1964).svg Iran 3 0 1 2 2 8 −6 1

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Peru Flag of Peru (state).svg3–1Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland
Cueto Template:Goal
Cubillas Template:Goal
Report Jordan Template:Goal
Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 37,927
Referee: Ulf Eriksson (Sweden)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Netherlands Flag of the Netherlands.svg3–0File:State Flag of Iran (1964).svg Iran
Rensenbrink Template:Goal Report
Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza, Mendoza
Attendance: 33,431
Referee: Alfonso González Archundia (Mexico)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg1–1File:State Flag of Iran (1964).svg Iran
Eskandarian Template:Goal Report Danaeifard Template:Goal
Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 7,938
Referee: Youssou N'Diaye (Senegal)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Netherlands Flag of the Netherlands.svg0–0Flag of Peru (state).svg Peru
Report
Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza, Mendoza
Attendance: 28,125
Referee: Adolf Prokop (East Germany)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Peru Flag of Peru (state).svg4–1File:State Flag of Iran (1964).svg Iran
Velásquez Template:Goal
Cubillas Template:Goal
Report Rowshan Template:Goal
Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 21,262
Referee: Alojzy Jarguz (Poland)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Scotland Flag of Scotland.svg3–2Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Dalglish Template:Goal
Gemmill Template:Goal
Report Rensenbrink Template:Goal
Rep Template:Goal
Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza, Mendoza
Attendance: 35,130
Referee: Erich Linemayr (Austria)

Second round[]

Group A[]

Main article: 1978 FIFA World Cup Group A
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands 3 2 1 0 9 4 +5 5
Flag of Italy.svg Italy 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 3
Flag of Germany.svg West Germany 3 0 2 1 4 5 −1 2
File:Flag of Austria.svg Austria 3 1 0 2 4 8 −4 2

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Austria File:Flag of Austria.svg1–5Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Obermayer Template:Goal Report Brandts Template:Goal
Rensenbrink Template:Goal
Rep Template:Goal
W. van de Kerkhof Template:Goal
Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 25,050
Referee: John Gordon (Scotland)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Italy Flag of Italy.svg0–0Flag of Germany.svg West Germany
Report
Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 67,547
Referee: Dušan Maksimović (Yugoslavia)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Netherlands Flag of the Netherlands.svg2–2Flag of Germany.svg West Germany
Haan Template:Goal
R. van de Kerkhof Template:Goal
Report Abramczik Template:Goal
D. Müller Template:Goal
Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 40,750
Referee: Ramón Barreto (Uruguay)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Italy Flag of Italy.svg1–0File:Flag of Austria.svg Austria
Rossi Template:Goal Report
Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 66,695
Referee: Francis Rion (Belgium)

Main article: Austria v West Germany (1978 FIFA World Cup)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Austria File:Flag of Austria.svg3–2Flag of Germany.svg West Germany
Vogts Template:Goal
Krankl Template:Goal
Report Rummenigge Template:Goal
Hölzenbein Template:Goal
Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 38,318
Referee: Abraham Klein (Israel)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Italy Flag of Italy.svg1–2Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Brandts Template:Goal Report Brandts Template:Goal
Haan Template:Goal
Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 67,433
Referee: Angel Franco Martínez (Spain)

Group B[]

Main article: 1978 FIFA World Cup Group B
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina 3 2 1 0 8 0 +8 5
File:Flag of Brazil (1968–1992).svg Brazil

3 2 1 0 6 1 +5 5
File:Flag of Poland (1928–1980).svg Poland 3 1 0 2 2 5 −3 2
Flag of Peru (state).svg Peru 3 0 0 3 0 10 −10 0

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Peru Flag of Peru (state).svg0–3File:Flag of Brazil (1968–1992).svg Brazil
Report Dirceu Template:Goal
Zico Template:Goal
Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza, Mendoza
Attendance: 31,278
Referee: Nicolae Rainea (Romania)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Argentina Flag of Argentina.svg2–0File:Flag of Poland (1928–1980).svg Poland
Kempes Template:Goal Report
Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario
Attendance: 37,091
Referee: Ulf Eriksson (Sweden)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Peru Flag of Peru (state).svg0–1File:Flag of Poland (1928–1980).svg Poland
Report Szarmach Template:Goal
Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza, Mendoza
Attendance: 35,288
Referee: Pat Partridge (England)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Argentina Flag of Argentina.svg0–0File:Flag of Brazil (1968–1992).svg Brazil
Report
Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario
Attendance: 37,326
Referee: Károly Palotai (Hungary)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Poland File:Flag of Poland (1928–1980).svg1–3File:Flag of Brazil (1968–1992).svg Brazil
Lato Template:Goal Report Nelinho Template:Goal
Roberto Dinamite Template:Goal
Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza, Mendoza
Attendance: 39,586
Referee: Juan Silvagno Cavanna (Chile)

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Argentina Flag of Argentina.svg6–0Flag of Peru (state).svg Peru
Kempes Template:Goal
Tarantini Template:Goal
Luque Template:Goal
Houseman Template:Goal
Report
Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario
Attendance: 37,315
Referee: Robert Wurtz (France)

Third place match[]

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Brazil File:Flag of Brazil (1968–1992).svg2–1Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Nelinho Template:Goal
Dirceu Template:Goal
Report Causio Template:Goal
Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 69,659
Referee: Abraham Klein (Israel)

Final[]

Main article: 1978 FIFA World Cup Final

<templatestyles src="Module:Football box/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Netherlands Flag of the Netherlands.svg1–3 (a.e.t.)Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
Nanninga Template:Goal Report Kempes Template:Goal
Bertoni Template:Goal
Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 71,483
Referee: Sergio Gonella (Italy)

Awards[]

Golden Boot Winner Best Young Player FIFA Fair Play Trophy
Argentina Mario Kempes Italy Antonio Cabrini Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina

Goalscorers[]

With six goals, Mario Kempes is the top scorer in the tournament. In total, 102 goals were scored by 63 different players, with three of them credited as own goals.

3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Players who were sent off during the tournament[]

FIFA retrospective ranking[]

In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition.[19][20] The rankings for the 1978 tournament were as follows:

R Team G P W D L GF GA GD Pts.
1 Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina 1/B 7 5 1 1 15 4 +11 11
2 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands 4/A 7 3 2 2 15 10 +5 8
3 File:Flag of Brazil (1968–1992).svg Brazil

|| 3/B || 7 || 4 || 3 || 0 || 10 || 3 || +7 || 11

4 Flag of Italy.svg Italy 1/A 7 4 1 2 9 6 +3 9
Eliminated in the second group stage
5 File:Flag of Poland (1928–1980).svg Poland 2/B 6 3 1 2 6 6 0 7
6 Flag of Germany.svg West Germany 2/A 6 1 4 1 10 5 +5 6
7 File:Flag of Austria.svg Austria 3/A 6 3 0 3 7 10 −3 6
8 Flag of Peru (state).svg Peru 4/B 6 2 1 3 7 12 −5 5
Eliminated in the first group stage
9 File:Flag of Tunisia (1959–1999).svg Tunisia 2 3 1 1 1 3 2 +1 3
10 File:Flag of Spain (1977–1981).svg.png Spain 3 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 3
11 Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland 4 3 1 1 1 5 6 −1 3
12 Flag of France.svg France 1 3 1 0 2 5 5 0 2
13 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 3 3 0 1 2 1 3 −2 1
14 File:State Flag of Iran (1964).svg Iran 4 3 0 1 2 2 8 −6 1
15 File:Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary 1 3 0 0 3 3 8 −5 0
16 Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 2 3 0 0 3 2 12 −10 0

Notes[]

  1. "1982 FIFA World Cup Technical Report" (PDF). FIFA Technical Group. 1982. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 January 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "1978 FIFA World Cup Argentina - Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on 7 March 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  3. Forrest, David (5 July 2017). "The political message hidden on the goalposts at the 1978 World Cup". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  4. Lundström, Klas. "Argentina's World Cup 1978: When FIFA Backed a Junta". 20 November 2022.
  5. Pablo Llonto, "I Mondiali della vergogna. I campionati di Argentina '78 e la dittatura"("The World Cup of the Shame. Argentina '78 and the dictatorship"), Edizioni Alegre, Rome 2010, p. 38.
  6. "1978 FIFA World Cup Argentina™ Preliminaries". FIFA.
  7. Winner, David (21 June 2008). "But Was This The Beautiful Game's Ugliest Moment?". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 11 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2014. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  8. McDonnell, Patrick J. (28 June 2008). "Argentina's bittersweet win". LA Times. Retrieved 7 April 2010.
  9. Doyle, Paul (16 April 2008). "Kidnappers made Cruyff miss World Cup". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 20 June 2008.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "El capitán de Perú en el 78: 'Pongo la mano en el fuego por mis compañeros'" (in Spanish). El Mundo.
  11. "Keeping the Dark Side of Soccer Away From the City of Light". New York Times.
  12. "Niega Videla arreglo de partidos en Argentina 1978" (in Spanish). Excelsior.
  13. The Independent (15 March 1995). "Bungs and bribes football can't kick this habit". London.
  14. Roper, Matt (9 February 2012). "Peru senator claims 1978 World Cup game against Argentina was rigged". London: Daily Mail.
  15. http://www.vivadiego.com/biogr.html
  16. "The Netherlands pay back controversial loss to Argentina". CNN. 4 July 1998. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  17. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EtRTScx8qJ4
  18. Original kick-off scheduled for 13:45. Match delayed by 45 minutes due to both teams wearing identical kits (red, white & blue). The French eventually donned the kits of the local team Club Atlético Kimberley.
  19. "page 45" (PDF). Retrieved 2 March 2012.
  20. "FIFA World Cup: Milestones, facts & figures. Statistical Kit 7" (PDF). FIFA. 26 March 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013.

External links[]

Lua error: bad argument #2 to 'title.new' (unrecognized namespace name 'Portal'). Template:1978 FIFA World Cup Template:FIFA World Cup Template:International Football

Advertisement